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Medical school personal statement

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898498/intention-to-drive-after-drinking-among-medical-students-contributions-of-the-protection-motivation-theory
#1
Ricardo Abrantes Amaral, André Malbergier, Danielle Ruiz Lima, Verena Castellani Vitor Santos, Clarice Gorenstein, Arthur Guerra de Andrade
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether cognitive variables proposed by the protection motivation theory (PMT) were predictive of occasional and frequent intention to drive after drinking in medical students. METHODS: One hundred fifty-five students attending preclinical years at a Medical School in São Paulo, Brazil, participated in the study. They were asked about their last month substance use, history of drinking and driving, including driving after binge drinking, and risk perceptions based on a self-report questionnaire with statements about protection motivation, threat, and coping appraisals from the PMT model...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784316/factors-associated-to-depression-and-anxiety-in-medical-students-a-multicenter-study
#2
Fernanda Brenneisen Mayer, Itamar Souza Santos, Paulo S P Silveira, Maria Helena Itaqui Lopes, Alicia Regina Navarro Dias de Souza, Eugenio Paes Campos, Benedita Andrade Leal de Abreu, Itágores Hoffman Ii, Cleidilene Ramos Magalhães, Maria Cristina P Lima, Raitany Almeida, Mateus Spinardi, Patricia Tempski
BACKGROUND: To evaluate personal and institutional factors related to depression and anxiety prevalence of students from 22 Brazilian medical schools. METHODS: The authors performed a multicenter study (August 2011 to August 2012), examining personal factors (age, sex, housing, tuition scholarship) and institutional factors (year of the medical training, school legal status, location and support service) in association with scores of Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI)...
October 26, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455344/disaster-preparedness-medical-school-elective-bridging-the-gap-between-volunteer-eagerness-and-readiness
#3
Vishnu M Patel, Deanna Dahl-Grove
OBJECTIVE: Eager medical students may not be prepared for unanticipated complexities of disaster response. This study aimed to answer 2 questions: does an online disaster preparedness curriculum create a convenient method to educate medical students and motivate them to be better prepared to volunteer? METHODS: An online disaster preparedness elective was created for medical students. Four modules were created using Softchalk and hosted on the Blackboard Learning Management System...
July 23, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26684455/doctor-can-i-buy-a-new-kidney-i-ve-heard-it-isn-t-forbidden-what-is-the-role-of-the-nephrologist-when-dealing-with-a-patient-who-wants-to-buy-a-kidney
#4
Giorgina Barbara Piccoli, Laura Sacchetti, Laura Verzè, Franco Cavallo
Organ trafficking is officially banned in several countries and by the main Nephrology Societies. However, this practice is widespread and is allowed or tolerated in many countries, hence, in the absence of a universal law, the caregiver may be asked for advice, placing him/her in a difficult balance between legal aspects, moral principles and ethical judgments.In spite of the Istanbul declaration, which is a widely shared position statement against organ trafficking, the controversy on mercenary organ donation is still open and some experts argue against taking a negative stance...
2015: Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine: PEHM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26611147/exploring-end-of-life-priorities-in-saudi-males-usefulness-of-q-methodology
#5
Muhammad M Hammami, Eman Al Gaai, Safa Hammami, Sahar Attala
BACKGROUND: Quality end-of-life care depends on understanding patients' end-of-life choices. Individuals and cultures may hold end-of-life priorities at different hierarchy. Forced ranking rather than independent rating, and by-person factor analysis rather than averaging may reveal otherwise masked typologies. METHODS: We explored Saudi males' forced-ranked, end-of-life priorities and dis-priorities. Respondents (n = 120) rank-ordered 47 opinion statements on end-of-life care following a 9-category symmetrical distribution...
2015: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26522774/awareness-of-racial-ethnic-disparities-in-surgical-outcomes-and-care-factors-affecting-acknowledgment-and-action
#6
Breanne V Britton, Neeraja Nagarajan, Cheryl K Zogg, Shalini Selvarajah, Alexander J Schupper, A Gatebe Kironji, Albert T Lwin, Marcelo Cerullo, Ali Salim, Adil H Haider
BACKGROUND: Studies have demonstrated racial/ethnic disparities in surgical outcomes and care. Surgeon awareness and its association with institutional action remain unclear. The study sought to assess surgeons' awareness of racial/ethnic disparities, ascertain whether demographic and practice factors influence acknowledgement of disparities, and determine whether surgeons are seeking to mitigate disparities. METHODS: Anonymous online survey was administered to a random sample of American College of Surgeons (ACS) general surgeons (July 2013 to March 2014)...
July 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26462161/plagiarism-in-personal-statements-of-anesthesiology-residency-applicants
#7
Lance J Parks, Daniel C Sizemore, Robert E Johnstone
Plagiarism by residency applicants in their personal statements, as well as sites that sell personal statements, have been described, and led in 2011 to advice to avoid plagiarism and the caution that plagiarism detection software was available. We screened personal statements of 467 anesthesiology residency applicants from 2013-2014 using Viper Plagiarism Scanner software, and studied them for plagiarism. After quotes and commonly used phrases were removed, 82 statements contained unoriginal content of 8 or more consecutive words...
February 15, 2016: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26330030/exploring-student-preferences-with-a-q-sort-the-development-of-an-individualized-renal-physiology-curriculum
#8
John K Roberts, Charles W Hargett, Alisa Nagler, Emma Jakoi, Ruediger W Lehrich
Medical education reform is underway, but the optimal course for change has yet to be seen. While planning for the redesign of a renal physiology course at the Duke School of Medicine, the authors used a Q-sort survey to assess students' attitudes and learning preferences to inform curricular change. The authors invited first-year medical students at the Duke School of Medicine to take a Q-sort survey on the first day of renal physiology. Students prioritized statements related to their understanding of renal physiology, learning preferences, preferred course characteristics, perceived clinical relevance of renal physiology, and interest in nephrology as a career...
September 2015: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26319785/whistle-blowing-in-medical-school-a-national-survey-on-peer-accountability-and-professional-misconduct-in-medical-students
#9
Laura E Hodges, Hyo Jung Tak, Farr A Curlin, John D Yoon
OBJECTIVE: This study examines medical students' attitudes towards peer accountability. METHODS: A nationally representative sample of 564 third year medical students was surveyed. Students reported their agreement or disagreement with two statements: "I feel professionally obligated to report peers whose personal behaviors compromise their professional responsibilities" and "I feel professionally obligated to report peers who I believe are seriously unfit to practice medicine...
June 2016: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26313700/situational-judgement-tests-in-medical-education-and-training-research-theory-and-practice-amee-guide-no-100
#10
REVIEW
Fiona Patterson, Lara Zibarras, Vicki Ashworth
Why use SJTs? Traditionally, selection into medical education professions has focused primarily upon academic ability alone. This approach has been questioned more recently, as although academic attainment predicts performance early in training, research shows it has less predictive power for demonstrating competence in postgraduate clinical practice. Such evidence, coupled with an increasing focus on individuals working in healthcare roles displaying the core values of compassionate care, benevolence and respect, illustrates that individuals should be selected on attributes other than academic ability alone...
2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25889394/the-first-osce-does-students-experience-of-performing-in-public-affect-their-results
#11
Michael Chan, Nigel Bax, Caroline Woodley, Michael Jennings, Rod Nicolson, Philip Chan
BACKGROUND: Personal qualities have been shown to affect students' exam results. We studied the effect of experience, and level, of public performance in music, drama, dance, sport, and debate at the time of admission to medical school as a predictor of student achievement in their first objective structured clinical examination (OSCE). METHODS: A single medical school cohort (n = 265) sitting their first clinical exam in 2011 as third year students were studied...
March 26, 2015: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25864036/-differences-in-psychiatric-expertise-of-responsibility-assessment-and-initial-hypotheses-through-a-review-of-literature
#12
REVIEW
J Guivarch, M-D Piercecchi-Marti, D Glezer, J-M Chabannes
INTRODUCTION: Forensic psychiatric assessment regarding liability ensures a balance between justice and psychiatry. In France, criminal assessment is not contradictory. The psychiatric expert is commissioned by judges to determine whether or not the accused has a mental disorder and specify whether it affects discernment and control of actions at the time of offense. Its mission focuses on the mental element required to constitute an offense, and is structured around Article 122-1 of the Criminal Code...
June 2015: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25545577/textual-analysis-of-internal-medicine-residency-personal-statements-themes-and-gender-differences
#13
Nora Y Osman, Cheryl Schonhardt-Bailey, Jessica L Walling, Joel T Katz, Erik K Alexander
CONTEXT: Applicants to US residency training programmes are required to submit a personal statement, the content of which is flexible but often requires them to describe their career goals and aspirations. Despite their importance, no systematic research has explored common themes and gender differences inherent to these statements. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to analyse US applicants' Electronic Residency Application Service (ERAS) personal statements using two automated textual analysis programs, and to assess for common themes and gender-associated differences...
January 2015: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25377106/staff-nurse-confidence-in-their-skills-and-knowledge-and-barriers-to-caring-for-patients-with-ostomies
#14
Heidi Huddleston Cross, Cheryl A Roe, Dongliang Wang
PURPOSE: Patients with ostomies often state that staff nurses display a lack of confidence in knowledge and skills related to ostomy care. This study examined the confidence and perceptions of barriers among hospital staff nurses when caring for ostomy patients. DESIGN: Descriptive, cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: A convenience sample of 576 staff nurses, including 510 registered, 61 licensed practical, and 5 unspecified nurses, participated in the study...
November 2014: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25248374/a-qualitative-analysis-of-statements-on-motivation-of-applicants-for-medical-school
#15
Anouk Wouters, Anneke H Bakker, Inge J van Wijk, Gerda Croiset, Rashmi A Kusurkar
BACKGROUND: Selection committees try to ascertain that motivated students are selected for medical school. Self-determination theory stresses that the type of motivation is more important than the quantity of motivation. Autonomous motivation, compared to controlled motivation, in students leads to better learning outcomes. Applicants can express their motivation in written statements, a selection tool which has been found to elicit heterogeneous responses, hampering the comparison of applicants...
2014: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25245800/providing-young-women-with-credible-health-information-about-bleeding-disorders
#16
Patricia A Rhynders, Cynthia A Sayers, Rodney J Presley, JoAnn M Thierry
BACKGROUND: Approximately 1% of U.S. women may have an undiagnosed bleeding disorder, which can diminish quality of life and lead to life-threatening complications during menstruation, childbirth, and surgery. PURPOSE: To understand young women's knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions about bleeding disorders and determine the preferred messaging strategy (e.g., gain- versus loss-framed messages) for presenting information. METHODS: In September 2010, a web-assisted personal interview of women aged 18-25 years was conducted...
November 2014: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25201752/medical-school-personal-statements-a-measure-of-motivation-or-proxy-for-cultural-privilege
#17
Sarah Wright
Students from state schools are underrepresented in UK medical schools. Discussions often focus on deficient academic and motivational traits of state school students, rather than considering the effects of student support during the admissions process. This qualitative study explored student experiences of support from schools and families during the medical school admissions process with particular focus on the personal statement. Interviews were conducted with thirteen medical students at a British medical school who had each attended a different secondary school (classified as private or state funded)...
August 2015: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25085556/motivations-and-demographics-of-i-6-and-traditional-5-2-cardiothoracic-surgery-resident-applicants-insights-from-an-academic-training-program
#18
Thomas K Varghese, Nahush A Mokadam, Edward D Verrier, Delloney Wallyce, Douglas E Wood
BACKGROUND: The introduction of the integrated 6-year cardiothoracic surgery residency (I-6) has changed the training paradigm for future cardiothoracic surgeons. Increased interest in these programs emphasizes the need for an understanding of the applicant pool and of their differences from the traditional trainee (5+2). METHODS: National trends (National Resident Matching Program data), objective (Electronic Residency Application Services documents, United States Medical Licensing Examination [USMLE] scores, transcripts) and subjective metrics (interviews, personal statements, and recommendation letters) were evaluated for invited applicants for I-6 and 5+2 positions in 2010, 2011, and 2012...
September 2014: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24629444/predictors-of-an-academic-career-on-radiology-residency-applications
#19
Lars J Grimm, Lauren M Shapiro, Terry Singhapricha, Maciej A Mazurowski, Terry S Desser, Charles M Maxfield
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate radiology residency applications to determine if any variables are predictive of a future academic radiology career. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Application materials from 336 radiology residency graduates between 1993 and 2010 from the Department of Radiology, Duke University and between 1990 and 2010 from the Department of Radiology, Stanford University were retrospectively reviewed. The institutional review boards approved this Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act-compliant study with a waiver of informed consent...
May 2014: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24415507/medical-student-perceptions-of-medical-school-education-about-suffering-a-multicenter-pilot-study
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
Thomas R Egnew, Peter R Lewis, Douglas C Schaad, Sabesan Karuppiah, Suzanne Mitchell
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Little is known about what students perceive they are taught about suffering in medical school. We sought to explore medical student perceptions of their medical school education about suffering. METHODS: We used an online survey of medical students enrolled in four US medical schools with chi-square analysis of responses by gender and preclinical/clinical status. RESULTS: A total of 1,043 students (38%) responded and indicated that teaching about suffering is occurring in the schools surveyed...
January 2014: Family Medicine
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