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Medical school personal statement

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463852/substance-use-among-nurses-and-nursing-students-a-joint-position-statement-of-the-emergency-nurses-association-and-the-international-nurses-society-on-addictions
#1
Stephen Strobbe, Melanie Crowley
Alcohol and other substance use by nurses potentially places patients, the public, and nurses themselves at risk for serious injury or death. Nursing students are also at risk for problems related to substance use. When viewed and treated as a chronic medical illness, treatment outcomes for substance use disorders are comparable with those of other diseases and can result in lasting benefits. Professional monitoring programs that employ an alternative-to-discipline approach have been shown to be effective in the treatment of health professionals with substance use disorders and are considered a standard for recovery, with high rates of completion and return to practice...
April 2017: Journal of Addictions Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422814/the-effect-of-rubric-guided-focused-personalized-coaching-sessions-and-video-recorded-presentations-on-teaching-skills-among-fourth-year-medical-students-a-pilot-study
#2
Vatche Tchekmedyian, Helen M Shields, Stephen R Pelletier, Valeria C Pazo
PROBLEM: As medical students become residents, teaching becomes an expected and integral responsibility. Yet, training-for-teaching opportunities are lacking. In 2014, the authors designed a pilot study using rubric-guided, focused, personalized coaching sessions and video-recorded presentations to improve student teaching skills among fourth-year students at Harvard Medical School. APPROACH: In 2014-2015, the authors recruited students from an elective on how to tutor preclinical students for the pilot, which consisted of four phases: a precoaching teaching presentation, a 30- to 45-minute coaching session, a postcoaching teaching presentation, and blinded reviewer ratings...
April 18, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359724/tutor-led-teaching-of-procedural-skills-in-the-skills-lab-complexity-relevance-and-teaching-competence-from-the-medical-teacher-tutor-and-student-perspective
#3
Jan Lauter, Sylvie Branchereau, Wolfgang Herzog, Till Johannes Bugaj, Christoph Nikendei
BACKGROUND: In current medical curricula, the transfer of procedural skills has received increasing attention. Skills lab learning and tutor-led teaching have become an inherent part of all medical curricula at German medical faculties. In 2011, the initial basis for the classification of clinical skills in medical school was created by the German Association for Medical Education (GMA) Committee's consensus statement on procedural skills. As a recommendation for medical curricula, the National Competency-based Catalogue of Learning Objectives (NKLM, 2015) lists procedural skills according to their curriculum integration and competency level...
March 28, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329603/job-recruitment
#4
University Of California Davis School Of Medicine
The University of California Davis, School of Medicine, Department of Dermatology is recruiting for a full-time position at the Associate or Full Professor level in the Clinical X Series or Health Sciences Clinical Professor (HSCP) Series. The successful candidate is nominated to be the holder of the Frederick G. Novy, Jr. M.D Endowed Professorship. Appointees to the ClinX series are expected to conduct independent research. Both series require significant participation in teaching and University/public service...
October 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159121/mode-of-delivery-among-swedish-midwives-and-obstetricians-and-their-attitudes-towards-caesarean-section
#5
Maria Sahlin, Ellika Andolf, Gunnar Edman, Ingela Wiklund
BACKGROUND: A knowledge gap exists around midwives' and obstetricians' mode of delivery in comparison to the general population, and if their personal experience influences their attitudes towards different modes of delivery. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to investigate midwives' and obstetricians' mode of delivery compared to the population at large. The second aim was to see if their mode of delivery had been influenced by the expanded indications for caesarean section as described in medical literature...
March 2017: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923402/physicians-job-satisfaction-and-motivation-in-a-public-academic-hospital
#6
Paulo de Oliveira Vasconcelos Filho, Miriam Regina de Souza, Paulo Eduardo Mangeon Elias, Ana Luiza D'Ávila Viana
BACKGROUND: Physician shortage is a global issue that concerns Brazil's authorities. The organizational structure and the environment of a medical institution can hide a low-quality life of a physician. This study examines the relationship between the hospital work environment and physicians' job satisfaction and motivation when working in a large public academic hospital. METHODS: The study was restricted to one large, multispecialty Brazil's hospital. Six hundred hospital physicians were invited to participate by e-mail...
December 7, 2016: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898498/intention-to-drive-after-drinking-among-medical-students-contributions-of-the-protection-motivation-theory
#7
Ricardo Abrantes Amaral, André Malbergier, Danielle Ruiz Lima, Verena Castellani Vitor Santos, Clarice Gorenstein, Arthur Guerra de Andrade
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether cognitive variables proposed by the protection motivation theory (PMT) were predictive of occasional and frequent intention to drive after drinking in medical students. METHODS: One hundred fifty-five students attending preclinical years at a Medical School in São Paulo, Brazil, participated in the study. They were asked about their last month substance use, history of drinking and driving, including driving after binge drinking, and risk perceptions based on a self-report questionnaire with statements about protection motivation, threat, and coping appraisals from the PMT model...
January 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784316/factors-associated-to-depression-and-anxiety-in-medical-students-a-multicenter-study
#8
MULTICENTER STUDY
Fernanda Brenneisen Mayer, Itamar Souza Santos, Paulo S P Silveira, Maria Helena Itaqui Lopes, Alicia Regina Navarro Dias de Souza, Eugenio Paes Campos, Benedita Andrade Leal de Abreu, Itágores Hoffman Ii, Cleidilene Ramos Magalhães, Maria Cristina P Lima, Raitany Almeida, Mateus Spinardi, Patricia Tempski
BACKGROUND: To evaluate personal and institutional factors related to depression and anxiety prevalence of students from 22 Brazilian medical schools. METHODS: The authors performed a multicenter study (August 2011 to August 2012), examining personal factors (age, sex, housing, tuition scholarship) and institutional factors (year of the medical training, school legal status, location and support service) in association with scores of Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI)...
October 26, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27455344/disaster-preparedness-medical-school-elective-bridging-the-gap-between-volunteer-eagerness-and-readiness
#9
Vishnu M Patel, Deanna Dahl-Grove
OBJECTIVE: Eager medical students may not be prepared for unanticipated complexities of disaster response. This study aimed to answer 2 questions: does an online disaster preparedness curriculum create a convenient method to educate medical students and motivate them to be better prepared to volunteer? METHODS: An online disaster preparedness elective was created for medical students. Four modules were created using Softchalk and hosted on the Blackboard Learning Management System...
July 23, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26684455/doctor-can-i-buy-a-new-kidney-i-ve-heard-it-isn-t-forbidden-what-is-the-role-of-the-nephrologist-when-dealing-with-a-patient-who-wants-to-buy-a-kidney
#10
Giorgina Barbara Piccoli, Laura Sacchetti, Laura Verzè, Franco Cavallo
Organ trafficking is officially banned in several countries and by the main Nephrology Societies. However, this practice is widespread and is allowed or tolerated in many countries, hence, in the absence of a universal law, the caregiver may be asked for advice, placing him/her in a difficult balance between legal aspects, moral principles and ethical judgments.In spite of the Istanbul declaration, which is a widely shared position statement against organ trafficking, the controversy on mercenary organ donation is still open and some experts argue against taking a negative stance...
December 18, 2015: Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine: PEHM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26611147/exploring-end-of-life-priorities-in-saudi-males-usefulness-of-q-methodology
#11
Muhammad M Hammami, Eman Al Gaai, Safa Hammami, Sahar Attala
BACKGROUND: Quality end-of-life care depends on understanding patients' end-of-life choices. Individuals and cultures may hold end-of-life priorities at different hierarchy. Forced ranking rather than independent rating, and by-person factor analysis rather than averaging may reveal otherwise masked typologies. METHODS: We explored Saudi males' forced-ranked, end-of-life priorities and dis-priorities. Respondents (n = 120) rank-ordered 47 opinion statements on end-of-life care following a 9-category symmetrical distribution...
2015: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26522774/awareness-of-racial-ethnic-disparities-in-surgical-outcomes-and-care-factors-affecting-acknowledgment-and-action
#12
Breanne V Britton, Neeraja Nagarajan, Cheryl K Zogg, Shalini Selvarajah, Alexander J Schupper, A Gatebe Kironji, Albert T Lwin, Marcelo Cerullo, Ali Salim, Adil H Haider
BACKGROUND: Studies have demonstrated racial/ethnic disparities in surgical outcomes and care. Surgeon awareness and its association with institutional action remain unclear. The study sought to assess surgeons' awareness of racial/ethnic disparities, ascertain whether demographic and practice factors influence acknowledgement of disparities, and determine whether surgeons are seeking to mitigate disparities. METHODS: Anonymous online survey was administered to a random sample of American College of Surgeons (ACS) general surgeons (July 2013 to March 2014)...
July 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26462161/plagiarism-in-personal-statements-of-anesthesiology-residency-applicants
#13
Lance J Parks, Daniel C Sizemore, Robert E Johnstone
Plagiarism by residency applicants in their personal statements, as well as sites that sell personal statements, have been described, and led in 2011 to advice to avoid plagiarism and the caution that plagiarism detection software was available. We screened personal statements of 467 anesthesiology residency applicants from 2013-2014 using Viper Plagiarism Scanner software, and studied them for plagiarism. After quotes and commonly used phrases were removed, 82 statements contained unoriginal content of 8 or more consecutive words...
February 15, 2016: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26330030/exploring-student-preferences-with-a-q-sort-the-development-of-an-individualized-renal-physiology-curriculum
#14
John K Roberts, Charles W Hargett, Alisa Nagler, Emma Jakoi, Ruediger W Lehrich
Medical education reform is underway, but the optimal course for change has yet to be seen. While planning for the redesign of a renal physiology course at the Duke School of Medicine, the authors used a Q-sort survey to assess students' attitudes and learning preferences to inform curricular change. The authors invited first-year medical students at the Duke School of Medicine to take a Q-sort survey on the first day of renal physiology. Students prioritized statements related to their understanding of renal physiology, learning preferences, preferred course characteristics, perceived clinical relevance of renal physiology, and interest in nephrology as a career...
September 2015: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26319785/whistle-blowing-in-medical-school-a-national-survey-on-peer-accountability-and-professional-misconduct-in-medical-students
#15
Laura E Hodges, Hyo Jung Tak, Farr A Curlin, John D Yoon
OBJECTIVE: This study examines medical students' attitudes towards peer accountability. METHODS: A nationally representative sample of 564 third year medical students was surveyed. Students reported their agreement or disagreement with two statements: "I feel professionally obligated to report peers whose personal behaviors compromise their professional responsibilities" and "I feel professionally obligated to report peers who I believe are seriously unfit to practice medicine...
June 2016: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26313700/situational-judgement-tests-in-medical-education-and-training-research-theory-and-practice-amee-guide-no-100
#16
REVIEW
Fiona Patterson, Lara Zibarras, Vicki Ashworth
Why use SJTs? Traditionally, selection into medical education professions has focused primarily upon academic ability alone. This approach has been questioned more recently, as although academic attainment predicts performance early in training, research shows it has less predictive power for demonstrating competence in postgraduate clinical practice. Such evidence, coupled with an increasing focus on individuals working in healthcare roles displaying the core values of compassionate care, benevolence and respect, illustrates that individuals should be selected on attributes other than academic ability alone...
2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25889394/the-first-osce-does-students-experience-of-performing-in-public-affect-their-results
#17
Michael Chan, Nigel Bax, Caroline Woodley, Michael Jennings, Rod Nicolson, Philip Chan
BACKGROUND: Personal qualities have been shown to affect students' exam results. We studied the effect of experience, and level, of public performance in music, drama, dance, sport, and debate at the time of admission to medical school as a predictor of student achievement in their first objective structured clinical examination (OSCE). METHODS: A single medical school cohort (n = 265) sitting their first clinical exam in 2011 as third year students were studied...
March 26, 2015: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25864036/-differences-in-psychiatric-expertise-of-responsibility-assessment-and-initial-hypotheses-through-a-review-of-literature
#18
REVIEW
J Guivarch, M-D Piercecchi-Marti, D Glezer, J-M Chabannes
INTRODUCTION: Forensic psychiatric assessment regarding liability ensures a balance between justice and psychiatry. In France, criminal assessment is not contradictory. The psychiatric expert is commissioned by judges to determine whether or not the accused has a mental disorder and specify whether it affects discernment and control of actions at the time of offense. Its mission focuses on the mental element required to constitute an offense, and is structured around Article 122-1 of the Criminal Code...
June 2015: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25545577/textual-analysis-of-internal-medicine-residency-personal-statements-themes-and-gender-differences
#19
Nora Y Osman, Cheryl Schonhardt-Bailey, Jessica L Walling, Joel T Katz, Erik K Alexander
CONTEXT: Applicants to US residency training programmes are required to submit a personal statement, the content of which is flexible but often requires them to describe their career goals and aspirations. Despite their importance, no systematic research has explored common themes and gender differences inherent to these statements. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to analyse US applicants' Electronic Residency Application Service (ERAS) personal statements using two automated textual analysis programs, and to assess for common themes and gender-associated differences...
January 2015: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25377106/staff-nurse-confidence-in-their-skills-and-knowledge-and-barriers-to-caring-for-patients-with-ostomies
#20
Heidi Huddleston Cross, Cheryl A Roe, Dongliang Wang
PURPOSE: Patients with ostomies often state that staff nurses display a lack of confidence in knowledge and skills related to ostomy care. This study examined the confidence and perceptions of barriers among hospital staff nurses when caring for ostomy patients. DESIGN: Descriptive, cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: A convenience sample of 576 staff nurses, including 510 registered, 61 licensed practical, and 5 unspecified nurses, participated in the study...
November 2014: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
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