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Psychiatric nursing

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Thank You to Our 2017 Reviewers. 2018. Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association, 24(1): 89-90. (Original doi: 10.1177/1078390317745) In the January-February 2018 issue of JAPNA, the following reviewer was not included in the list of persons that reviewed between November 2016 and October 2017: Kathleen Vertino.
March 2018: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
Yao-Hui Huang, Yao-Yu Lin, Shih-Kai Lee, Ming-Feng Lee, Ching-Lan Esther Lin
BACKGROUND: The ideology of recovery addresses the autonomy of patients with mental illness and their ability to reconstruct a normal life. Empirical knowledge of this process of recovery and related factors remains unclear. PURPOSE: To assess the process of recovery and related factors in patients with mental illness. METHODS: This cross-sectional, correlational study was conducted on a convenience sample in a psychiatric hospital. Two-hundred and fifty patients with mental illness were recruited and were assessed using 3 instruments: Questionnaire about the Process of Recovery (QPR), Perceived Psychiatric Stigma Scale (PPSS), and Personal and Social Performance Scale (PSP)...
April 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
Andrea G Segal, Rosemary Frasso, Dominic A Sisti
Approximately 20% of the roughly 2.5 million individuals incarcerated in the United States have a serious mental illness (SMI). As a result of their illnesses, these individuals are often more likely to commit a crime, end up incarcerated, and languish in correctional settings without appropriate treatment. The objective of the present study was to investigate how correctional facility personnel reconcile the ethical challenges that arise when housing and treating individuals with SMI. Four focus groups and one group interview were conducted with employees ( n = 24) including nurses, clinicians, correctional officers, administrators, and sergeants at a county jail in Pennsylvania...
March 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
Anette Søgaard Nielsen, Bent Nielsen
PURPOSE: Many patients with alcohol use disorder (AUD) fail to initiate outpatient treatment after being discharged from inpatient detoxification. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of outreach visits (OV) on subsequent attendance in outpatient AUD treatment. METHODS: Patients admitted to a detoxification unit at a mental health hospital were randomized to either referral as usual (TAU) or OV. OV involved a nurse from the outpatient clinic meeting the patients at the hospital and advising them about outpatient treatment, presenting an 'attendance contract' and offering a first appointment...
March 21, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Sima Afschar-Hamdi, Klaus Schepker
Coercive Measures in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry in Post-war Germany, Using the Example of the "Pflege- und Beobachtungsstation" in the State Psychiatric Hospital Weissenau (1951-1966) The patient admissions at the children's ward of the State Psychiatric Hospital Weissenau in the years 1951, 1956, 1961 and 1966 were analyzed regarding documented coercive measures. Shortage of staff, mainly inadequately skilled personnel, a mixing of age groups in the patient cohort, neurological and psychiatric disorders and of patients who were in need of nursing and of those who needed treatment constituted the general work environment...
September 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
Armel Rivallan
The Abri côtier-Urgence Femmes is an association in Concarneau, Brittany, which helps victims of domestic abuse, by offering them shelter and support, 24/7. A former psychiatric nurse and manager, Edith Rivet volunteers for the association, and shares with us her commitment to the cause.
March 2018: Soins. Psychiatrie
Babatunde Aremu, Pamela D Hill, Joanne M McNeal, Mary A Petersen, Debbie Swanberg, Kathleen R Delaney
Addressing tense and escalating situations with noncoercive measures is an important element of inpatient psychiatric treatment. Although restraint rates are frequently monitored, the use of pro re nata (PRN) intramuscular (IM) injections to address agitation is also an important indicator. In 2015, at the current study site, a significant increase was noted in PRN IM medication use despite unit leadership's efforts to build a culture of trauma-informed care (TIC). The purpose of the current quality improvement project was to educate staff on methods to incorporate TIC into daily practice and the use of brief solution-focused therapy techniques in escalating situations...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
Ellen W Blair, Jyoti Chhabra, Cynthia Belonick, Maria Tackett
Potential for suicide risk can be a safety concern for patients in all health care settings. Inadequate training of nurses in suicide assessment and prevention is a serious patient safety concern. A non-randomized pre-/postintervention research design was used to measure the effects of education on non-psychiatric nurses' perceived self-efficacy in assessment and inquiry about suicide risk and in implementing suicide prevention strategies. The intervention was an educational module about suicide prevention and care delivered to non-psychiatric nurses employed on a neuro-trauma unit in an acute care urban hospital setting...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
Tom Bartholomew, Loren Gildar, Gwen Carrick, Angela Saafigueroa, Ruth Cook
The culture of state psychiatric hospitals may make it difficult to implement recovery-oriented principles such as empowerment. The current study describes efforts of one hospital to empower consumers of psychiatric hospital services using focus groups, surveys, and a workgroup to address the issue of low program attendance. The study determined the importance of identifying consumer goals, informing consumers about options for therapeutic group programming, and matching consumer goals to treatment. Identifying these items led to development of a consumer catalog designed to allow consumers of psychiatric hospital services to choose programs that aligned with their goals while also meeting staff needs to address problem areas on a treatment plan...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
Marciana Fernandes Moll, Fabiana Cristina Pires, Carla Aparecida Arena Ventura, Nathália Nunes Boff, Núbia Ferreira da Silva
The current study aimed to investigate the perceptions and expectations of family members/caregivers regarding nursing care provided to psychiatric inpatients in a general hospital. The study was a descriptive-exploratory study with a qualitative approach. Data were collected through open interviews with 10 relatives of patients hospitalized in the psychiatric unit and analyzed using content analysis. Participants reported that nursing care was good and emphasized a good relationship between the patient and nursing staff marked by professionalism, care, and dedication...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
Michal Itzhaki, Irit Bluvstein, Anat Peles Bortz, Hava Kostistky, Dor Bar Noy, Vivian Filshtinsky, Miriam Theilla
Professional quality of life (ProQOL) reflects how individuals feel about their work as helpers. Psychiatric ward nurses cope with significant psychological and physical challenges, including exposure to verbal and physical violence. This study was based on two aspects of ProQOL, the positive compassion satisfaction, and the negative compassion fatigue, with the aim of investigating the relation of ProQOL to job stress and violence exposure at a large mental health center. Data were collected from 114 mental health nurses (49/63 M/F) who completed a self-administered questionnaire examining violence exposure, ProQOL, and job stress...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Ann R Peden
BACKGROUND: Dr. Hildegard Peplau, considered to be our first modern Nurse theorist and the Mother of Psychiatric Nursing, was a prolific writer, engaging in correspondence with colleagues and students who sought her professional and theoretical expertise. Through these letters, she influenced psychiatric nursing while maintaining a broad international network of professional colleagues. OBJECTIVES: An analysis of letters, written between 1990 and 1998, provides insights into Peplau's last decade of professional life and a model of how to support the next generation of nurse scholars...
March 1, 2018: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
Suprakash Chaudhury, Ajay Kumar Bakhla, Subhas Soren
Ranchi Institute of Neuro-Psychiatry and Allied Sciences (RINPAS; Ranchi Indian Mental Hospital; Ranchi Manasik Aryogyashala) traces its origin from a lunatic asylum for Indian soldiers established at Munghyr in Bihar in 1795 and thus is the first mental hospital in India established by the British purely for Indian patients as well as the second oldest functioning mental hospital in India. The hospital made great strides in improving patients care and using modern methods of assessment and treatment as well as education and research during the tenure of Dr J E Dhunjibhoy the first Indian medical superintendent...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
Zhengjia Ren, Meng Gao, Mark Yang, Wei Qu
After Sichuan earthquake, a few dedicated teams of psychological volunteers have been committed to helping the survivors of the disaster for a long period. Their personal transformation experiences were absent in the literatures. The purpose of this qualitative research was to adopt a qualitative research to examine individuals' lived experiences of personal transformation after long-term disaster mental health services. The study interviewed 10 psychological counselors, 3 psychiatric nurses, 4 psychiatrist, and 6 social workers...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Anne M A van den Brink, Debby L Gerritsen, Miranda M H de Valk, Astrid T Mulder, Richard C Oude Voshaar, Raymond T C M Koopmans
OBJECTIVE: Aging societies will bring an increase in the number of long-term care residents with mental-physical multimorbidity. To optimize care for these residents, it is important to study their care needs, since unmet needs lower quality of life. To date, knowledge about care needs of residents with mental-physical multimorbidity is limited. The aim of this study was to explore (un)met care needs of residents with mental-physical multimorbidity and determinants of unmet needs. METHODS: Cross-sectional cohort study among 141 residents with mental-physical multimorbidity without dementia living in 17 geronto-psychiatric nursing home units across the Netherlands...
February 26, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Richard Edwards, Danny Tu, James Stanley, Greg Martin, Heather Gifford, Rhiannon Newcombe
AIMS: To examine recent smoking trends among doctors and nurses in New Zealand. METHODS: Analysis of smoking prevalence in the 2013 New Zealand Census and comparison with previous census data. RESULTS: The 2013 census included 7,065 male and 5,619 female doctors, and 2,988 male and 36,138 female nurses. Non-response to smoking questions was less than 3%. In 2013, 2% of male and female doctors and 9% of male and 8% of female nurses were regular cigarette smokers...
March 9, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
Omar T Sims, Pamela A Melton, Shaonin Ji
This study describes clinical characteristics of poor and uninsured patients living with hepatitis C virus (HCV) who received care from a multidisciplinary HCV clinic, reports treatment completion and cure rates, and estimates the cost of HCV medications provided at no cost to uninsured patients. A retrospective chart review was performed and identified 69 uninsured HCV patients who received medical care at Mercy Health Center, a small non-profit community clinic, between January 2008 and March 2015. Three-fourths of the patients were unemployed, a third had multiple HCV exposures, nearly half acquired HCV due to illicit drug use, and more than half had active psychiatric disorders...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Community Health
Adam Carlbo, Hanna Persic Claesson, Sture Åström
INTRODUCTION: Schizophrenia is a common disease with a high risk of comorbidity in both psychiatric and somatic diseases. Physical activity is proven effective in reducing symptoms of schizophrenia and increasing overall health. Still it is not used systematically in the care of persons with schizophrenia. AIM: The aim of this study is to describe nurses' experience, including personal motivation, in using physical activity as complementary treatment in patients with schizophrenia...
March 5, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
Tom Vermeulen, Lieve Lemey, Linda Van Diermen, Didier Schrijvers, Yamina Madani, Bernard Sabbe, Maarten J A Van Den Bossche, Roos C van der Mast, Søren D Østergaard
OBJECTIVES: According to a recent study, ratings on the Psychotic Depression Assessment Scale (PDAS) obtained via a dedicated semi-structured interview are valid measures of the severity of psychotic depression. This study aimed to further test the validity, scalability and responsiveness of the PDAS in older adults using independent ratings on the Clinical Global Impression Scale - Severity (CGI-S) and the Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) as references. METHODS: Ratings were performed at admission and discharge at two old age psychiatric wards in Flanders, Belgium...
March 4, 2018: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
Omid Rezaei, Kamelia Habibi, Davood Arab Ghahestany, Mohammad Sayadnasiri, Bahram Armoon, Vida Khan, Ladan Fattah Moghadam
Background One of the most prevalent problems in work places that is considered as an important risk factor for the health of the employee is job burnout (JB). JB could be harmful to employees, their families and society. Therefore, decreasing JB among individuals and determining factors associated with it is important to improve the working environment and prevent its negative outcomes. This study aims to elicit the conditions and factors that cause job burnout among nurses of the Razi Psychiatric Hospital, Iran...
March 3, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
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