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Psychiatric nursing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904640/effect-of-happiness-educational-program-on-the-level-of-stress-anxiety-and-depression-of-the-cancer-patients-nurses
#1
Zahra Ghazavi, Zahra Mardany, Saeid Pahlavanzadeh
BACKGROUND: Nurses face a great amount of stress that can threaten their health and reduce their motivation. Nurses' present working conditions lead to an increase in emotional pressures and depression. Conducting a study on this seems to be necessary, with regard to nurses' stressful working conditions, in order to take steps toward achieving different and non-meditational treatments to treat their stress, anxiety, and depression and, consequently, promote nurses' and patients' health...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901516/psychotropic-drug-changes-contributing-to-readmissions-in-medically-hospitalized-psychiatric-patients-a-retrospective-study
#2
Subramoniam Madhusoodanan, Biling Xu, Srikanth Prayaga, Piotr Slowik, Ronald Brenner, Wallace Thomas, Natalie Schwartz
BACKGROUND: Psychotropic drug changes during medical hospitalizations may lead to psychiatric and medical readmissions. METHODS: One-year hospitalization records of nursing home patients with chronic mental illness and a psychotropic drug change during medical admission were reviewed. We calculated the readmission rates for 30, 60, and 90 days; the classes of the psychotropic drugs changed; the reason for change; and the specialties of the responsible physicians...
November 2016: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901303/diagnostic-masking-and-overshadowing-in-intellectual-disability-how-structured-evaluation-helps
#3
Harshini Manohar, Karthick Subramanian, Preeti Kandasamy, Venkatalakshmi Penchilaiya, Anandbabu Arun
PROBLEM: Comorbid psychiatric diagnoses tend to be underdiagnosed in patients with intellectual disability. Diagnosing anxiety disorders in such patients can pose challenges, in particular with regard to obsessive and compulsive disorder (OCD). METHODS: We present the case of an adolescent diagnosed with intellectual disability with poor expressive language skills who presented with nonspecific mood and behavioral symptoms, not improving with routine clinical evaluations and treatment...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898289/adherence-to-medication-regimen-in-patients-with-severe-and-chronic-psychiatric-disorders-a-qualitative-study
#4
Kourosh Zarea, Malek Fereidooni-Moghadam, Ashrafalsadat Hakim
Nonadherence to treatment is common in patients with chronic psychiatric disorders. Few studies have been conducted in Iran on lack of adherence to medication regimen in patients with severe psychiatric disorders. The present study was carried out with the purpose of gaining insight into the experiences of patients, their family members, and nurses on the medication adherence in patients with severe and chronic psychiatric disorders in selected hospitals in Ahvaz, Iran. A qualitative content analysis study was used in the study and the participants included 7 nurses, 5 patients, and 4 family members...
November 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888979/corrigendum-to-a-comparison-of-suboxone-and-clonidine-treatment-outcomes-in-opiate-detoxification-archives-of-psychiatric-nursing-26-4-2012-316-323
#5
Anthony Steele, Patricia Cunningham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888978/vulnerability-stress-and-support-in-the-disease-trajectory-from-prodrome-to-diagnosed-schizophrenia-diathesis-stress-support-model
#6
REVIEW
Sunny Chieh Cheng, Elaine Walsh, Karen G Schepp
Schizophrenia is a debilitating psychiatric disorder seen across the world. The goal of current research is to provide a more comprehensive understanding of prodrome, the initial period before the disease manifests as schizophrenia. Unfortunately, there is little information to comprehensively understand the indicators that later lead to schizophrenia. This has resulted in a lack of scientific knowledge to aid in early identification and intervention by psychiatric nurses or school nurses. Such information could inform nursing assessment and care plan development...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888975/the-therapeutic-relationship-in-inpatient-psychiatric-care-a-narrative-review-of-the-perspective-of-nurses-and-patients
#7
REVIEW
Antonio R Moreno-Poyato, Pilar Montesó-Curto, Pilar Delgado-Hito, Raquel Suárez-Pérez, Rosa Aceña-Domínguez, Regina Carreras-Salvador, Juan M Leyva-Moral, Teresa Lluch-Canut, Juan F Roldán-Merino
PURPOSE: To study the significance of 'therapeutic relationship' between nurses and patients within the context of a psychiatric hospital. METHOD: Narrative literature review. Content analysis. FINDINGS: The significance of the therapeutic relationship is quite similar for both nurses and patients in psychiatric hospital units. Nevertheless, several factors may separate the two positions: the time available for the relationship, the negative perceptions on the part of both parties, and the insecurity of the setting...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888974/early-intervention-in-schizophrenia-a-literature-review
#8
REVIEW
Sunny Chieh Cheng, Karen G Schepp
Schizophrenia is a debilitating psychiatric disorder seen across the world. Recently, investigators have witnessed an upsurge in research on the potential benefits of early intervention during the prodromal stage: the sooner people start the treatment at their first psychotic episode, the better outcome on symptom relief and better functioning. This paper aims to critically review and synthesize empirical evidence published between 2005 and 2015 regarding the effectiveness of preemptive interventions on transition rate, symptom severity, depression, anxiety, and function level...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888966/implementation-of-a-recovery-oriented-training-program-for-psychiatric-nurses-in-the-inpatient-setting-a-mixed-methods-hospital-quality-improvement-study
#9
Renee John R Repique, Peter M Vernig, John Lowe, Julie A Thompson, Tracey L Yap
This mixed-methods hospital quality improvement (QI) study primarily aimed to reduce the use of mechanical restraints in a short-stay inpatient psychiatric setting by facilitating change in care delivery through recovery-oriented nursing practice. The implementation of an evidence-based education for psychiatric-mental health registered nurses (PMH-RNs) intended to improve their knowledge of, and attitudes toward, recovery-focused mental health treatment principles. Findings suggest that recovery-oriented training programs for PMH-RNs can be a potentially useful hospital strategy for restraint reduction...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888960/wards-in-opinion-of-patients-a-comparative-study-on-the-quality-of-nursing-care
#10
Ewa Bandurska, Marzena Zarzeczna-Baran, Paweł Zielazny
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of nursing care in psychiatric wards and compare it between hospitals of different types. RESULTS: Significant differences between hospitals were found in: personnel benevolence (p=0,006219) and response to patient needs (p=0,011446) as well as patients' sense of safety (p=0,020042). In both hospitals, patients were equally dissatisfied with the quality of information concerning treatment side effects (p=0,207804)...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888959/bearing-witness-the-lived-experience-of-sitting-with-patients
#11
Rebecca Schroeder
There is abundant literature focused on the practice of using hospital sitters as part of standard patient safety care. However, minimal attention has been paid to understanding the actual experiences of hospital workers as they sit with distressed and often agitated patients. With the overwhelming number of hospitalized patients who require sitters, attention must be paid to the healthcare workers' perspective. In this study a phenomenological approach was used to elicit the perceptions of these hospital sitters...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879194/prescription-patterns-and-drug-costs-in-german-patients-with-dementia-in-nursing-homes-and-home-care-settings%C3%A2
#12
Louis Jacob, Jens Bohlken, Karel Kostev
AIMS: To analyze prescription patterns and drug costs in German patients with dementia who are in home-care settings and nursing homes. METHODS: The present retrospective study based on the Disease Analyzer epidemiological database and included 41,064 patients treated by general practitioners (GPs) and 20,649 patients treated by psychiatric practitioners (PPs), who were diagnosed with dementia in 2014. Four different types of antidementia therapy were included in the analysis...
November 23, 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876020/the-brief-negative-symptom-scale-validation-of-the-german-translation-and-convergent-validity-with-self-rated-anhedonia-and-observer-rated-apathy
#13
Martin Bischof, Caitriona Obermann, Matthias N Hartmann, Oliver M Hager, Matthias Kirschner, Agne Kluge, Gregory P Strauss, Stefan Kaiser
BACKGROUND: Negative symptoms are considered core symptoms of schizophrenia. The Brief Negative Symptom Scale (BNSS) was developed to measure this symptomatic dimension according to a current consensus definition. The present study examined the psychometric properties of the German version of the BNSS. To expand former findings on convergent validity, we employed the Temporal Experience Pleasure Scale (TEPS), a hedonic self-report that distinguishes between consummatory and anticipatory pleasure...
November 22, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865125/preceptors-conceptions-of-a-peer-learning-model-a-phenomenographic-study
#14
Frida Nygren, Elisabeth Carlson
BACKGROUND: During the past few years nurses precepting undergraduate nursing students have been put under greater pressure because of increased number of students admitted to the universities combined with a shortage of clinical placements. One solution is the preceptor model peer learning where two students are tutored by the same preceptor simultaneously. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe the variation of registered nurses' conceptions of preceptorship in a peer learning model for undergraduate nursing students...
November 11, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865000/improving-the-quality-of-registered-nurses-rns-working-time-use-data
#15
Tuula Antinaho, Tuula Kivinen, Hannele Turunen, Pirjo Partanen
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the advantages and disadvantages of external observation and self-reporting methods in investigating registered nurses' (RNs') working time use in order to improve the quality of working time use data. BACKGROUND: External observation and self-reporting methods are the most widely used approaches for studying nurses' working time use in observational work sampling studies, but there is scarce information of the data collection procedures and results in the same research context and in the same study...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861049/-nurse-convinced-me-not-to-give-up
#16
(no author information available yet)
My community psychiatric nurse went above and beyond for me. I have experienced mental health issues all of my adult life, and when Kelly Hayes from Oxford Health NHS Foundation Trust took over my care, I was at rock bottom.
November 2, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860081/women-s-experience-of-being-interviewed-about-abuse-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
B L Snyder
: WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: There is disagreement about the costs and benefits of asking women about their abuse experiences in practice and research settings. No known meta-syntheses have been conducted to evaluate the qualitative data that exist on the experiences of women being asked about their abuse. WHAT THIS PAPER ADDS TO THE EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: This review adds robust qualitative evidence that interviewing women about their abuse experiences can be a beneficial and healing experience for them...
November 2016: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860051/the-professional-psychiatric-mental-health-nurse-skills-competencies-and-supports-required-to-adopt-recovery-orientated-policy-in-practice
#18
E Cusack, F Killoury, L E Nugent
: WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: Nationally and internationally there has been a movement away from the traditional medical model towards a more holistic recovery-oriented approach to mental health care delivery. At every level of service provision the emphasis is firmly on recovery and on facilitating active partnership working and involvement of service users, their carers and family members. WHAT THIS PAPER ADDS TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: This is the first study to identify on a national level specific areas of care that are addressed most or least by psychiatric and mental health nurses in care planning for mental health service users in Ireland...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858501/experiences-in-disaster-related-mental-health-relief-work-an-exploratory-model-for-the-interprofessional-training-of-psychological-relief-workers
#19
ZhengJia Ren, HongTao Wang, Wei Zhang
The purpose of this study was to begin to generate an exploratory model of the disaster-related mental health education process associated with the training experiences of psychological relief workers active during the Sichuan earthquake in China. The data consisted of semi-structured interviews with 20 psychological relief workers from four different professions (social workers, psychiatric nurses, psychiatrists, and counsellors) regarding their experiences in training and ideas for improvement. The model explains the need to use a people-centred community interprofessional education approach, which focuses on role-modelling of the trainer, caring for relief workers, paying attention to the needs of the trainee, and building systematic interprofessional education strategies...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856530/diagnostic-conundrum-lessons-from-the-man-who-accidently-set-fire-to-his-home
#20
Sahan Benedict Mendis, Victoria Lukats
A 62-year-old man presented to psychiatric services with a 3-month history of a range of symptoms which included obsessional thoughts, self-neglect, lack of mental flexibility, reduced ability to plan, organise and follow instructions, reduced capacity to empathise and disinhibition. He also accidently set fire to his house. Overall these findings are compatible with a dysexecutive syndrome. This man has a significant history of polysubstance misuse and chronic hepatitis C infection. Neuroimaging revealed an acquired traumatic brain injury which could account for his dysexecutive syndrome...
November 17, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
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