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transient receptor vanilloid 1

Amandine Scandolera, Jane Hubert, Anne Humeau, Carole Lambert, Audrey De Bizemont, Chris Winkel, Abdelmajid Kaouas, Jean-Hugues Renault, Jean-Marc Nuzillard, Romain Reynaud
The aim of the present study was to investigate the neuro-soothing activity of a water-soluble hydrolysate obtained from the red microalgae Rhodosorus marinus Geitler (Stylonemataceae). Transcriptomic analysis performed on ≈100 genes related to skin biological functions firstly revealed that the crude Rhodosorus marinus extract was able to significantly negatively modulate specific genes involved in pro-inflammation (interleukin 1α encoding gene, IL1A) and pain detection related to tissue inflammation (nerve growth factor NGF and its receptor NGFR)...
March 17, 2018: Marine Drugs
Yi-Chen Lee, Shui-Chin Lu, Yu-Lin Hsieh
Patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) or those experiencing the neurotoxic effects of chemotherapeutic agents may develop sensation disorders due to degeneration and injury of small-diameter sensory neurons, referred to as small fiber neuropathy. Present animal models of small fiber neuropathy affect both large- and small-diameter sensory fibers and thus create a neuropathology too complex to properly assess the effects of injured small-diameter sensory fibers. Therefore, it is necessary to develop an experimental model of pure small fiber neuropathy to adequately examine these issues...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Ágnes Kemény, Xenia Kodji, Szabina Horváth, Rita Komlódi, Éva Szőke, Zoltán Sándor, Anikó Perkecz, Csaba Gyömörei, György Sétáló, Balázs Kelemen, Tamás Bíró, Balázs István Tóth, Susan D Brain, Erika Pintér, Rolland Gyulai
The present study revealed the modulatory role of Transient Receptor Potential Ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) and Vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) cation channels in Aldara-induced (5% imiquimod, IMQ) murine psoriasis model using selective antagonists and genetically altered animals. We have also developed a refined localized model to enable internal controls and reduce systemic effects. Skin pathology was quantified by measuring skin thickness, scaling, blood flow and analyzing dermal cellular infiltrate, while nocifensive behaviours were also observed...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
Prama Pallavi, Marc Pretze, Julio Caballero, Yingchun Li, Björn B Hofmann, Eleni Stamellou, Sarah Klotz, Carmen Wängler, Björn Wängler, Ralf Loesel, Steffen Roth, Bastian Theisinger, Handan Moerz, Uta Binzen, Wolfgang Greffrath, Rolf-Detlef Treede, Martin C Harmsen, Bernhard K Krämer, Mathias Hafner, Benito A Yard, Anna-Isabelle Kälsch
We studied the chemical entities within N-octanoyl dopamine (NOD) responsible for transient receptor potential channels of the vanilloid receptor subtype 1 (TRPV1) activation and inhibition of inflammation. The efficacy of NOD to activate TRPV1 was significantly higher compared to variants in which the ortho-dihydroxy groups were acetylated, one of the hydroxy groups was omitted (N-octanoyl tyramine) or the ester functionality consisted of a bulky fatty acid (N-pivaloyl dopamine). Shortening of the amide linker (ΔNOD) slightly increased its efficacy which further increased by interchanging the carbonyl and amide groups (ΔNODR)...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Rafael Taeho Han, Han-Byul Kim, Young-Beom Kim, Kyungmin Choi, Gi Yeon Park, Pa Reum Lee, JaeHee Lee, Hye Young Kim, Chul-Kyu Park, Youngnam Kang, Seog Bae Oh, Heung Sik Na
Recent studies have provided several lines of evidence that peripheral administration of oxytocin induces analgesia in human and rodents. However, the exact underlying mechanism of analgesia still remains elusive. In the present study, we aimed to identify which receptor could mediate the analgesic effect of intraperitoneal injection of oxytocin and its cellular mechanisms in thermal pain behavior. We found that oxytocin-induced analgesia could be reversed by d(CH2 )5 [Tyr(Me)2 ,Dab5 ] AVP, a vasopressin-1a (V1a) receptor antagonist, but not by desGly-NH2 -d(CH2 )5 [DTyr2 , Thr4 ]OVT, an oxytocin receptor antagonist...
March 2018: Korean Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology
Sung Eun Wang, Seung Yeon Ko, Yong-Seok Kim, Sungsin Jo, Seung Hoon Lee, Sung Jun Jung, Hyeon Son
Transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) affects mood and neuroplasticity in the brain, where its role is poorly understood. In the present study we investigated whether capsaicin (8-methyl-N-vanillyl-trans-6-nonenamide), an agonist of TRPV1, induced chromatin remodeling and thereby altered gene expression related to synaptic plasticity. We found that capsaicin treatment resulted in upregulation of histone deacetylase 2 (HDAC2) in the mouse hippocampus and HDAC2 was enriched at Psd95, synaptophysin, GLUR1, GLUR2 promoters...
March 9, 2018: Experimental & Molecular Medicine
Diana Y Wei, Rigmor H Jensen
Trigeminal autonomic cephalalgia (TAC) encompasses 4 unique primary headache types: cluster headache, paroxysmal hemicrania, hemicrania continua, and short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache attacks with conjunctival injection and tearing and short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache attacks with cranial autonomic symptoms. They are grouped on the basis of their shared clinical features of unilateral headache of varying durations and ipsilateral cranial autonomic symptoms. The shared clinical features reflect the underlying activation of the trigeminal-autonomic reflex...
March 7, 2018: Neurotherapeutics: the Journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics
Parisa Zareie, Mehdi Sadegh, Mohammad Reza Palizvan, Homeira Moradi-Chameh
2-Arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) and anandamide are two major endocannabinoids produced, released and eliminated by metabolic pathways. Anticonvulsive effect of 2-AG and CB1 receptor is well-established. Herein, we designed to investigate the anticonvulsive influence of key components of the 2-AG and anandamide metabolism. Tonic-clonic seizures were induced by an injection of Pentylenetetrazol (80 mg/kg, i.p.) in adult male Wistar rats. Delay and duration for the seizure stages were considered for analysis. Monoacylglycerol lipase blocker (JJKK048; 1 mg/kg) or alpha/beta hydroxylase domain 6 blocker (WWL70; 5 mg/kg) were administrated alone or with 2-AG to evaluate the anticonvulsive potential of these enzymes...
March 4, 2018: Metabolic Brain Disease
Pedro Christian Aravena, Camila Barrientos, Catalina Troncoso, Cesar Coronado, Pamela Sotelo-Hitschfeld
Background: The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of warming anesthesia on the control of the pain produced during the administration of dental anesthesia injection and to analyze the role of Transient Receptor Potential Vanilloid-1 nociceptor channels in this effect. Patients and methods: A double-blind, split-mouth randomized clinical trial was designed. Seventy-two volunteer students (22.1±2.45 years old; 51 men) from the School of Dentistry at the Universidad Austral de Chile (Valdivia, Chile) participated...
2018: Local and Regional Anesthesia
Shunsuke Nakamori, Jun Takahashi, Sumiko Hyuga, Toshiko Tanaka-Kagawa, Hideto Jinno, Masashi Hyuga, Takashi Hakamatsuka, Hiroshi Odaguchi, Yukihiro Goda, Toshihiko Hanawa, Yoshinori Kobayashi
The article Ephedra Herb extract activates/desensitizes transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 and reduces capsaicin-induced pain, written by Shunsuke Nakamori, Jun Takahashi, Sumiko Hyuga, Toshiko Tanaka-Kagawa, Hideto Jinno, Masashi Hyuga, Takashi Hakamatsuka, Hiroshi Odaguchi, Yukihiro Goda, Toshihiko Hanawa and Yoshinori Kobayashi, was originally published Online First without open access. After publication in volume 71, issue 1, page 105-113 the author decided to opt for Open Choice and to make the article an open access publication...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Natural Medicines
Fabio Martinez Santos, Joyce Teixeira Silva, Igor Rafael Correia Rocha, Daniel Oliveira Martins, Marucia Chacur
Chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the sciatic nerve elicits changes in neuropeptide expression on the dorsal root ganglia (DRG). The neural mobilization (NM) technique is a noninvasive method that has been proven clinically effective in reducing pain. The aim of this study was to analyze the expression of substance P, transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) and opioid receptors in the DRG of rats with chronic constriction injury and to compare it to animals that received NM treatment. CCI was performed on adult male rats...
February 26, 2018: Brain Research
Tetsuro Watase, Kohei Shimizu, Hiroki Komiya, Kinuyo Ohara, Koichi Iwata, Bunnai Ogiso
A study was conducted to evaluate the mechanisms underlying ectopic orofacial pain associated with tooth pulp inflammation in rats. We observed a significant decrease in the head withdrawal threshold (HWT) response to mechanical and heat stimuli applied to the ipsilateral facial skin upon application of complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) to the upper first molar (M1TP) in comparison to application of vehicle. A large number of trigeminal ganglion (TG) neurons showed transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) immunoreactivity (IR), and some of them were retrogradely labeled with fluorogold injected into the facial skin...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Oral Science
Daichi Utsumi, Kenjiro Matsumoto, Takuya Tsukahara, Kikuko Amagase, Makoto Tominaga, Shinichi Kato
Transient receptor potential (TRP) vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) and TRP ankyrin 1 (TRPA1), which are non-selective cation channels, play important roles in the sensation of pain. This study investigated the roles of TRPV1 and TRPA1 in dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced murine colitis. DSS (2%) administered for 7 days caused severe colitis that was significantly less severe in TRPV1-deficient (TRPV1KO) and TRPA1-deficient (TRPA1KO) mice than that in wild-type (WT) mice. Similar colitis attenuations were observed in TRPV1KO and TRPA1KO mice but not in WT mice that had been transplanted with bone marrow cells from WT, TRPA1KO, or TRPV1KO mice...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
E Tóth, T Tornóczky, J Kneif, A Perkecz, K Katona, Z Piski, Á Kemény, I Gerlinger, J Szolcsányi, J Kun, E Pintér
BACKGROUND: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a multifactorial upper airway disease with unclear etiology. Neuronal Transient Receptor Potential Vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) and Ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) channels have been implicated in the pathogenesis of CRS. We aimed to detect the expression of extraneuronal TRPV1 and TRPA1 receptors in nasal polyp (NP) tissue samples. METHODOLOGY: Samples were obtained from fourty-two CRS pateints with nasal polyp and sixteen healthy controls to measure receptor gene expression by quantitative PCR, protein localization by immunohistochemistry and cytokine profile by multiplex bead immunoassay...
February 24, 2018: Rhinology
Doris Lam, Zeinab Momeni, Michael Theaker, Santosh Jagadeeshan, Yasuhiko Yamamoto, Juan P Ianowski, Verónica A Campanucci
Diabetes mellitus is associated with sensory abnormalities, including exacerbated responses to painful (hyperalgesia) or non-painful (allodynia) stimuli. These abnormalities are symptoms of diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN), which is the most common complication that affects approximately 50% of diabetic patients. Yet, the underlying mechanisms linking hyperglycemia and symptoms of DPN remain poorly understood. The transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) channel plays a central role in such sensory abnormalities and shows elevated expression levels in animal models of diabetes...
2018: PloS One
Yun Zeng, Heng Han, Bing Tang, Jie Chen, Dan Mao, Min Xiong
BACKGROUND Spinal cord injury (SCI) causes a rapid loss of motor neurons, leading to weakness and paralysis. Transplantation of neural stem cells is known to restore the neuronal activity but is inefficient due to limited regenerative capability and low rate of survival. There has been an emphasis on the use of growth factors along with neural stem cells (NSCs) to enhance the neuronal recovery. Transplantation of recombinant NSCs with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) might promote neuronal repair. This effect might be attributed to the reduced transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) expression following transplantation...
February 21, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Jianmin Chen, Alexander J P Hamers, Michaela Finsterbusch, Gianmichele Massimo, Maleeha Zafar, Roger Corder, Romain A Colas, Jesmond Dalli, Christoph Thiemermann, Amrita Ahluwalia
The severity of cardiac dysfunction predicts mortality in sepsis. Activation of transient receptor potential vanilloid receptor type (TRPV)-1, a predominantly neuronal nonselective cation channel, has been shown to improve outcome in sepsis and endotoxemia. However, the role of TRPV1 and the identity of its endogenous ligands in the cardiac dysfunction caused by sepsis and endotoxemia are unknown. Using TRPV1-/- and TRPV1+/+ mice, we showed that endogenous activation of cardiac TRPV1 during sepsis is key to limiting the ensuing cardiac dysfunction...
February 20, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Amrita Samanta, Taylor E T Hughes, Vera Y Moiseenkova-Bell
Transient Receptor Potential (TRP) channels are evolutionarily conserved integral membrane proteins. The mammalian TRP superfamily of ion channels consists of 28 cation permeable channels that are grouped into six subfamilies based on sequence homology (Fig. 6.1). The canonical TRP (TRPC) subfamily is known for containing the founding member of mammalian TRP channels. The vanilloid TRP (TRPV) subfamily has been extensively studied due to the heat sensitivity of its founding member. The melastatin-related TRP (TRPM) subfamily includes some of the few known bi-functional ion channels, which contain functional enzymatic domains...
2018: Sub-cellular Biochemistry
Olivier Gouin, Killian L'Herondelle, Paul Buscaglia, Christelle Le Gall-Ianotto, Réginald Philippe, Nelig Legoux, Olivier Mignen, Virginie Buhé, Raphael Leschiera, Mehdi Sakka, Nathalie Kerfant, Jean-Luc Carré, Raphaele Le Garrec, Luc Lefeuvre, Nicolas Lebonvallet, Laurent Misery
Proteinase-activated receptor-2 (PAR-2) activation in basal keratinocytes stimulates inflammation via the Ca2+ -dependent production of mediators such as interleukin (IL)-1β, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP). In this study, we investigated PAR-2 calcium signaling and the consequent production of inflammatory mediators in differentiated human primary keratinocytes (DhPKs). Stimulation with the PAR-2 activating peptide SLIGKV promoted Ca2+ store depletion in both undifferentiated human primary keratinocytes (UhPKs) and DhPKs...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
Tobias M Backes, Oliver G Rössler, Xin Hui, Carsten Grötzinger, Peter Lipp, Gerald Thiel
Transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) channels were originally described as the receptors of capsaicin, the main constituent of hot chili pepper. The biological functions of TRPV1 channels include pain sensation and inflammatory thermal hyperalgesia. Here, we show that stimulation of HEK293 cells expressing TRPV1 channels (H2C1 cells) with capsaicin or the TRPV1 ligand resiniferatoxin activated transcription mediated by the transcription factor AP-1. No cell death was occurring under these experimental conditions...
February 13, 2018: Biochemical Pharmacology
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