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transient receptor vanilloid 1

Tao Hou, Weiwei Liu, Wen Shi, Zhili Ma, Hui He
The structure of the desalted duck egg white peptides-calcium chelate was characterized by fluorescence spectroscopy, fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and dynamic light scattering. Characterization results showed structural folding and aggregation of amino acids or oligopeptides during the chelation process. Desalted duck egg white peptides enhanced the calcium uptake in the presence of oxalate, phosphate and zinc ions in Caco-2 monolayers. Animal model indicated that desalted duck egg white peptides effectively enhanced the mineral absorption and counteracted the deleterious effects of phytic acid...
March 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
Cassandra E Deering-Rice, Chris Stockmann, Erin G Romero, Zhenyu Lu, Darien Shapiro, Brian L Stone, Bernhard Fassl, Flory Nkoy, Derek A Uchida, Robert M Ward, John M Veranth, Christopher A Reilly
Transient receptor potential (TRP) channels are activated by environmental particulate materials. We hypothesized that polymorphic variants of TRPV1 would be uniquely responsive to insoluble coal fly ash compared to the prototypical soluble agonist capsaicin. Furthermore, these changes would manifest as differences in lung cell responses to these agonists and perhaps correlate with changes in asthma symptom control. The TRPV1 I315M and T469I variants were more responsive to capsaicin and coal fly ash. The I585V variant was less responsive to coal fly ash particles, due to reduced translation of protein and an apparent role for I585 in activation by particles...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Petra Mrozkova, Diana Spicarova, Jiri Palecek
Protease-activated receptors 2 (PAR2) and transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) receptors in the peripheral nerve endings are implicated in the development of increased sensitivity to mechanical and thermal stimuli, especially during inflammatory states. Both PAR2 and TRPV1 receptors are co-expressed in nociceptive dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons on their peripheral endings and also on presynaptic endings in the spinal cord dorsal horn. However, the modulation of nociceptive synaptic transmission in the superficial dorsal horn after activation of PAR2 and their functional coupling with TRPV1 is not clear...
2016: PloS One
Yuanting Cui, Li Li, Peng Gao, Liqun Ma, Daoyan Liu, Zhiming Zhu
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is global healthy problem. Uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) mainly expresses on brown adipose tissue (BAT), uncouples energy substrate oxidation from mitochondrial ATP production and results in the loss of potential energy as heat. Transient receptor potential vanilloid subfamily, member 1 (TRPV1) is the heat-gated cation ion channel. The aim of this study was to investigate the in vivo role of TRPV1 and UCP1 co-action in obesity. DESIGN AND METHOD: We generated and characterized UCP1 mice lacking TRPV1 activity (TRPV1/UCP1 mice)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
F Sakakibara, K Takahama, M Nanri, E Sasaki
Patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) usually develop lower urinary tract dysfunctions, including detrusor overactivity which is also known to be a risk factor for upper urinary tract dysfunction. Antimuscarinic agents, such as propiverine, have been used clinically for the treatment of detrusor overactivity. Also, propiverine has been known to possess antagonistic activity against L-type Ca(2+) channels and transient receptor potential vanilloid subtype 1 (TRPV1), in addition to activity against muscarinic receptors...
September 2016: Drug Research
Wei Sun, Fei Yang, Yan Wang, Han Fu, Yan Yang, Chun-Li Li, Xiao-Liang Wang, Qing Lin, Jun Chen
Under physiological state, small- and medium-sized dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons are believed to mediate nociceptive behavioral responses to painful stimuli. However, recently it has been found that a number of large-sized neurons are also involved in nociceptive transmission under neuropathic conditions. Nonetheless, the underlying mechanisms that large-sized DRG neurons mediate nociception are poorly understood. In the present study, the role of large-sized neurons in bee venom (BV)-induced mechanical allodynia and the underlying mechanisms were investigated...
October 12, 2016: Neuropharmacology
W Ma, B St-Jacques, U Rudakou, Y N Kim
BACKGROUND: Persistent peripheral sensitization contributes to chronic pain. Plasticity of nociceptive dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons (nociceptors) induced by pro-inflammatory mediators contributes to sensitization. Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) enriched in injured tissues is known not only directly to sensitize DRG neurons, but also to potentiate sensitizing effects of other pain mediators such as capsaicin and its receptor transient receptor potential vanilloid-1 (TRPV1). It remains unknown whether PGE2 potentiates TRPV1 activity by stimulating its synthesis, cell surface and axonal trafficking in DRG neurons...
October 14, 2016: European Journal of Pain: EJP
Youn Yi Jo, Ji Yeon Lee, Chul-Kyu Park
The neuropeptide substance P (SP) is expressed in primary sensory neurons and is commonly regarded as a "pain" neurotransmitter. Upon peripheral inflammation, SP activates the neurokinin-1 (NK-1) receptor and potentiates activity of transient receptor potential vanilloid subtype 1 (TRPV1), which is coexpressed by nociceptive neurons. Therefore, SP functions as an important neurotransmitter involved in the hypersensitization of inflammatory pain. Resolvin E1 (RvE1), derived from omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, inhibits TRPV1 activity via activation of the chemerin 23 receptor (ChemR23)-an RvE1 receptor located in dorsal root ganglion neurons-and therefore exerts an inhibitory effect on inflammatory pain...
2016: Mediators of Inflammation
Shi-Xun Ma, Seung-Hwan Kwon, Jee-Yeon Seo, Ji-Young Hwang, Sa-Ik Hong, Hyoung-Chun Kim, Seok-Yong Lee, Choon-Gon Jang
Transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1), the archetypal member of the vanilloid TRP family, was initially identified as the receptor for capsaicin, the pungent ingredient in hot chili peppers. We previously demonstrated that TRPV1 in the dorsal striatum significantly contributes to morphine reward by using the conditioned place preference paradigm in mice; however, it is unknown whether TRPV1 has the same effect in other reward models. In this study, we investigated the role of TRPV1 in morphine reward by using a self-administration paradigm in rats...
October 11, 2016: Addiction Biology
Tao Liu, Gang Wang, Huangheng Tao, Zhonghua Yang, Yongzhi Wang, Zhe Meng, Rui Cao, Yu Xiao, Xinghuan Wang, Jiajie Zhou
BACKGROUND: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is one of the tumors most refractory to chemotherapy to date. Therefore, novel therapeutic agents are urgently needed for this disease. Capsaicin (CPS), a natural active ingredient of green and red peppers, and a ligand of transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1), has been showed potential in suppression of tumorigenesis of several cancers. Nonetheless, the anti-cancer activity of CPS has never been studied in human RCC. METHODS: CCK8 analysis, LDH release activity and ROS generation analysis, flow cytometry analysis, and nuclear staining test were performed to test the influence of CPS in cultured cells in vitro, meanwhile western blot was done to uncover the precise molecular mechanisms...
October 12, 2016: BMC Cancer
Maxi Weyer, Heinz-Georg Jahnke, Dana Krinke, Franziska D Zitzmann, Kerstin Hill, Michael Schaefer, Andrea A Robitzki
The analysis of receptor activity, especially in its native cellular environment, has always been of great interest to evaluate its intrinsic but also downstream biological activity. An important group of cellular receptors are ion channels. Since they are involved in a broad range of crucial cell functions, they represent important therapeutic targets. Thus, novel analytical techniques for the quantitative monitoring and screening of biological receptor activity are of great interest. In this context, we developed an impedance spectroscopy-based label-free and non-invasive monitoring system that enabled us to analyze the activation of the transient receptor potential channel Vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) in detail...
October 8, 2016: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Sara L Morales-Lázaro, Itzel Llorente, Félix Sierra-Ramírez, Ana E López-Romero, Miguel Ortíz-Rentería, Barbara Serrano-Flores, Sidney A Simon, León D Islas, Tamara Rosenbaum
The transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) ion channel is mainly found in primary nociceptive afferents whose activity has been linked to pathophysiological conditions including pain, itch and inflammation. Consequently, it is important to identify naturally occurring antagonists of this channel. Here we show that a naturally occurring monounsaturated fatty acid, oleic acid, inhibits TRPV1 activity, and also pain and itch responses in mice by interacting with the vanilloid (capsaicin)-binding pocket and promoting the stabilization of a closed state conformation...
October 10, 2016: Nature Communications
Marta Silva, José Tiago Costa-Pereira, Daniel Martins, Isaura Tavares
Diabetic neuropathy has a profound impact in the quality of life of patients who frequently complain of pain. The mechanisms underlying diabetic neuropathic pain (DNP) are no longer ascribed only to damage of peripheral nerves. The effects of diabetes at the central nervous system are currently considered causes of DPN. Management of DNP may be achieved by antidepressants that act on serotonin (5-HT) uptake, namely specific serotonin reuptake inhibitors. The rostroventromedial medulla (RVM) is a key pain control center involved in descending pain modulation at the spinal cord through local release of 5-HT and plays a peculiar role in the balance of bidirectional control (i...
October 4, 2016: Neurobiology of Disease
Arkady Khoutorsky, Robert E Sorge, Masha Prager-Khoutorsky, Sophie Anne Pawlowski, Geraldine Longo, Seyed Mehdi Jafarnejad, Soroush Tahmasebi, Loren J Martin, Mark H Pitcher, Christos G Gkogkas, Reza Sharif-Naeini, Alfredo Ribeiro-da-Silva, Charles W Bourque, Fernando Cervero, Jeffrey S Mogil, Nahum Sonenberg
A response to environmental stress is critical to alleviate cellular injury and maintain cellular homeostasis. Eukaryotic initiation factor 2 (eIF2) is a key integrator of cellular stress responses and an important regulator of mRNA translation. Diverse stress signals lead to the phosphorylation of the α subunit of eIF2 (Ser51), resulting in inhibition of global protein synthesis while promoting expression of proteins that mediate cell adaptation to stress. Here we report that eIF2α is instrumental in the control of noxious heat sensation...
October 3, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Kazuaki Yamagata, Mitsutaka Sugimura, Miki Yoshida, Shinichi Sekine, Akiyo Kawano, Aiko Oyamaguchi, Hiroharu Maegawa, Hitoshi Niwa
Several trigeminal pain disorders show sex differences, and high levels of estrogens may underlie these differences. The interaction between transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) and anoctamin 1 (ANO1) plays an important role in peripheral nociception. However, whether TRPV1 and ANO1 are involved in estrogen-modulated trigeminal pain sensitivity is unclear. In this study, we examined 17β-estradiol (E2) modulation of nociception through behavioral and immunohistological experiments following application of capsaicin (Cap), a selective TRPV1 agonist, onto the ocular surface in ovariectomized rats treated with high- (HE) or low-dose E2 (LE) for 2 days...
September 30, 2016: Endocrinology
Hiroshi Mihara, Nobuhiro Suzuki, Jibran Sualeh Muhammad, Sohachi Nanjo, Takayuki Ando, Haruka Fujinami, Shinya Kajiura, Ayumu Hosokawa, Toshiro Sugiyama
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection induces methylation silencing of specific genes in gastric epithelium. Various stimuli activate the nonselective cation channel TRPV4, which is expressed in gastric epithelium where it detects mechanical stimuli and promotes ATP release. As CpG islands in TRPV4 are methylated in HP-infected gastric epithelium, we evaluated HP infection-dependent changes in TRPV4 expression in gastric epithelium. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Human gastric biopsy samples, a human gastric cancer cell line (AGS), and a normal gastric epithelial cell line (GES-1) were used to detect TRPV4 mRNA and protein expression by RT-PCR and Western blotting, respectively...
September 30, 2016: Helicobacter
Ryusei Yokokawa, Hironobu Akino, Hideaki Ito, Xinmin Zha, Osamu Yokoyama
AIMS: There are some reports that bladder C-fibers are partially involved in detrusor overactivity in patients with brain lesions. We investigated the contribution of bladder C-fiber to decreased bladder capacity in rats with cerebral infarction. METHODS: Cerebral infarction was induced under halothane anesthesia by left middle cerebral artery occlusion with 4-0 nylon thread in female Sprague-Dawley rats. Intramural amounts of ATP and prostaglandin E2 , in vivo and in vitro ATP, NGF, and prostaglandin E2 release from the distended bladder urothelium, and changes in mRNA expressions of sensor molecules and receptors were monitored 6 h after the occlusion...
September 27, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
Imre Farkas, Csaba Vastagh, Erzsébet Farkas, Flóra Bálint, Katalin Skrapits, Erik Hrabovszky, Csaba Fekete, Zsolt Liposits
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), a metabolic signal molecule, regulates reproduction, although, the involved molecular mechanisms have not been elucidated, yet. Therefore, responsiveness of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) neurons to the GLP-1 analog Exendin-4 and elucidation of molecular pathways acting downstream to the GLP-1 receptor (GLP-1R) have been challenged. Loose patch-clamp recordings revealed that Exendin-4 (100 nM-5 μM) elevated firing rate in hypothalamic GnRH-GFP neurons of male mice via activation of GLP-1R...
2016: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
Carl M Hurt, Yao Lu, Creed M Stary, Honit Piplani, Bryce A Small, Travis J Urban, Nir Qvit, Garrett J Gross, Daria Mochly-Rosen, Eric R Gross
BACKGROUND: The transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) mediates cellular responses to pain, heat, or noxious stimuli by calcium influx; however, the cellular localization and function of TRPV1 in the cardiomyocyte is largely unknown. We studied whether myocardial injury is regulated by TRPV1 and whether we could mitigate reperfusion injury by limiting the calcineurin interaction with TRPV1. METHODS AND RESULTS: In primary cardiomyocytes, confocal and electron microscopy demonstrates that TRPV1 is localized to the mitochondria...
2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
Ruoting Ding, Hui Jiang, Baihui Sun, Xiaoliang Wu, Wei Li, Siyuan Zhu, Congrui Liao, Zhaoming Zhong, Jianting Chen
Oxidative stress is a possible pathogenesis of hyperalgesia. Advanced oxidation protein products (AOPPs), a new family of oxidized protein compounds, have been considered as a novel marker of oxidative stress. However, the role of AOPPs in the mechanism of hyperalgesia remains unknown. Our study aims to investigate whether AOPPs have an effect on hyperalgesia and the possible underlying mechanisms. To identify the AOPPs involved, we induced hyperalgesia in rats by injecting complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) in hindpaw...
September 17, 2016: Redox Biology
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