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transient receptor vanilloid 1

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734766/trpv1-modulates-morphine-induced-conditioned-place-preference-via-p38-mapk-in-the-nucleus-accumbens
#1
Sa-Ik Hong, Thi-Lien Nguyen, Shi-Xun Ma, Hyoung-Chun Kim, Seok-Yong Lee, Choon-Gon Jang
Emerging evidence suggests that the transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 channel (TRPV1) is a novel target for the treatment of drug addiction, such as cocaine and morphine. Previously we reported that TRPV1 inhibition reduced morphine reward in the dorsal striatum (DSt) of mice and morphine self-administration through a decrease in accumbal activity in rats. However, the role of TRPV1 on morphine-conditioned reward in addiction-related brain regions, such as the nucleus accumbens (NAc), has not been previously established...
July 19, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730896/cannabinoid-hyperemesis-syndrome-potential-mechanisms-for-the-benefit-of-capsaicin-and-hot-water-hydrotherapy-in-treatment
#2
John R Richards, Jeff M Lapoint, Guillermo Burillo-Putze
INTRODUCTION: Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome is a clinical disorder that has become more prevalent with increasing use of cannabis and synthetic cannabinoids, and which is difficult to treat. Standard antiemetics commonly fail to alleviate the severe nausea and vomiting characteristic of the syndrome. Curiously, cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome patients often report dramatic relief of symptoms with hot showers and baths, and topical capsaicin. OBJECTIVES: In this review, we detail the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of capsaicin and explore possible mechanisms for its beneficial effect, including activation of transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 and neurohumoral regulation...
July 21, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730839/trpv1-receptors-contribute-to-mediate-paclitaxel-induced-c-fos-expression-in-spinal-cord-dorsal-horn-neurons
#3
N Kalynovska, P Adamek, J Palecek
Transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) receptors are important in the development of different pathological chronic pain states. Here we examined the role of spinal cord TRPV1 receptors in the mechanisms leading to activation of dorsal horn neurons after paclitaxel (PAC) treatment. PAC is a widely used chemotherapeutic drug that often leads to development of painful neuropathy. Immunohistochemical analysis of c-Fos protein expression in dorsal horn neurons was used as a marker of neuronal activation...
July 18, 2017: Physiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728819/regulation-of-piezo-channels-by-cellular-signaling-pathways
#4
I Borbiro, T Rohacs
The recently identified mechanically activated Piezo1 and Piezo2 channels play major roles in various aspects of mechanosensation in mammals, and their mutations are associated with human diseases. Recent reports show that activation of cell surface receptors coupled to heterotrimeric Gq proteins increase the sensitivity of Piezo2 channels to mechanical stimuli. Activation of the cyclic adenosine monophosphate pathway was also shown to potentiate Piezo2 channel activity. This phenomenon may play a role in mechanical allodynia or hyperalgesia during inflammation...
2017: Current Topics in Membranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722259/l-ornithine-and-l-lysine-stimulate-gastrointestinal-motility-via-transient-receptor-potential-vanilloid-1
#5
Junya Nakato, Yee Yin Ho, Ryo Omae, Takafumi Mizushige, Kunitoshi Uchida, Makoto Tominaga, Minji Kim, Tsuyoshi Goto, Nobuyuki Takahashi, Teruo Kawada, Saori Akiduki, Ryuhei Kanamoto, Kousaku Ohinata
SCOPE: The gastrointestinal (GI) tract senses and responds to intraluminal nutrients and these interactions often affect GI functions. We found that, among basic amino acids, L-ornithine (Orn) and L-lysine (Lys) stimulated but L-arginine (Arg) suppressed GI motility after oral administration (24 mmol/kg) in mice (Orn and Lys, 14.3 and 26.4% promotion; Arg, 7.7% suppression). We investigated the mechanism of the action of Orn and Lys on GI motility. METHODS AND RESULTS: Orn-induced promotion of small intestinal transit was significantly inhibited (P<0...
July 18, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720382/activated-leukocyte-cell-adhesion-molecule-is-involved-in-excitatory-synaptic-transmission-and-plasticity-in-the-rat-spinal-dorsal-horn
#6
Eun-Sung Park, Sang-Min Jeon, Haein Weon, Hee-Jung Cho, Dong-Ho Youn
Activated leukocyte cell adhesion molecule (ALCAM), a member of type I transmembrane immunoglobulin superfamily of cell adhesion molecule, is expressed in the surface membrane of various cell types including neurons. In the spinal cord dorsal horn (DH), the first gate for the sensory and pain transmission to the brain, the expression and function of ALCAM have not been known yet. Therefore, we here investigate the synaptic function of ALCAM in the substantia gelatinosa (lamina II) of the spinal DH, as well as its expression in the DH...
July 15, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719458/acupuncture-for-chronic-pain-an-update-and-critical-overview
#7
Changshik Yin, Thomas E Buchheit, Jongbae J Park
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Acupuncture is now recommended for several chronic pain conditions. Despite supportive evidence of its effectiveness, this ancient approach is often misunderstood, and may still be underused in mainstream practice. A critical review on its effectiveness and practice integration, and mechanisms of action is essential to the medical community that is continuing to seek nonopioid therapies for chronic pain. RECENT FINDINGS: Mounting evidence supports the effectiveness of acupuncture to treat chronic low back, neck, shoulder, and knee pain, as well as headaches...
July 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701511/n-arachidonoyl-dopamine-modulates-acute-systemic-inflammation-via-nonhematopoietic-trpv1
#8
Samira K Lawton, Fengyun Xu, Alphonso Tran, Erika Wong, Arun Prakash, Mark Schumacher, Judith Hellman, Kevin Wilhelmsen
N-Arachidonoyl dopamine (NADA) is an endogenous lipid that potently activates the transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1), which mediates pain and thermosensation. NADA is also an agonist of cannabinoid receptors 1 and 2. We have reported that NADA reduces the activation of cultured human endothelial cells by LPS and TNF-α. Thus far, in vivo studies using NADA have focused on its neurologic and behavioral roles. In this article, we show that NADA potently decreases in vivo systemic inflammatory responses and levels of the coagulation intermediary plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 in three mouse models of inflammation: LPS, bacterial lipopeptide, and polymicrobial intra-abdominal sepsis...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697840/-effect-of-high-fat-diet-on-expression-of-transient-receptor-potential-vanilloid-1-in-respiratory-tract-and-dorsal-root-ganglion-of-mice
#9
Lian Zhu, Zhi-Liang Xu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of high-fat diet on the expression of transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) in the respiratory system and the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) of mice, as well as its effect on the excitability of sensory neurons. METHODS: A total of 20 C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into normal-diet (ND) group and high-fat diet (HFD) group, with 10 mice in each group. The mice were given corresponding diets and body weights were monitored...
July 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695708/targeting-fatty-acid-amide-hydrolase-and-transient-receptor-potential-vanilloid-1-simultaneously-to-modulate-colonic-motility-and-visceral-sensation-in-the-mouse-a-pharmacological-intervention-with-n-arachidonoyl-serotonin-aa-5-ht
#10
M Bashashati, J Fichna, F Piscitelli, R Capasso, A A Izzo, A Sibaev, J-P Timmermans, N Cenac, N Vergnolle, V Di Marzo, M Storr
BACKGROUND: Endocannabinoid anandamide (AEA) inhibits intestinal motility and visceral pain, but it may also be proalgesic through transient receptor potential vanilloid-1 (TRPV1). AEA is degraded by fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH). This study explored whether dual inhibition of FAAH and TRPV1 reduces diarrhea and abdominal pain. METHODS: Immunostaining was performed on myenteric plexus of the mouse colon. The effects of the dual FAAH/TRPV1 inhibitor AA-5-HT on electrically induced contractility, excitatory junction potential (EJP) and fast (f) and slow (s) inhibitory junction potentials (IJP) in the mouse colon, colonic propulsion and visceromotor response (VMR) to rectal distension were studied...
July 11, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687195/%C3%AE-2-microglobulin-elicits-itch-related-responses-in-mice-through-the-direct-activation-of-primary-afferent-neurons-expressing-transient-receptor-potential-vanilloid-1
#11
Tsugunobu Andoh, Takahito Maki, Sikai Li, Daisuke Uta
Uremic pruritus is an unpleasant symptom in patients undergoing hemodialysis, and the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. β2-Microglobulin (β2-MG) is well-known as an MHC class I molecule and its level is increased in the plasma of patients undergoing hemodialysis. In this study, we investigated whether β2-MG was a pruritogen in mice. Intradermal injections of β2-MG into the rostral back induced scratching in a dose-dependent manner. Intradermal injection of β2-MG into the cheek also elicited scratching, but not wiping...
July 4, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684697/transient-receptor-potential-trp-channels-in-drug-discovery-old-concepts-new-thoughts
#12
EDITORIAL
Susan Huang, Arpad Szallasi
2017 marks the 20th anniversary of the molecular cloning by David Julius and colleagues (1997) of the long sought-after capsaicin receptor, now known as TRPV1 (Transient Receptor Potential Vanilloid 1) [1]. This seminal discovery has opened up a "hot" new field of basic research and launched drug discovery efforts into the large family (by the latest count 28 mammalian members, 27 in humans) of TRP ion channels [2]. Indeed, it took less than a decade for the first potent, small molecule TRPV1 antagonists to enter phase 1 clinical trials [3]...
July 6, 2017: Pharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681979/trpv1-channels-in-human-skeletal-muscle-feed-arteries-implications-for-vascular-function
#13
Stephen J Ives, Song Young Park, Oh Sung Kwon, Jayson R Gifford, Robert H I Andtbacka, John R Hyngstrom, Russell S Richardson
To examine the role of transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1 ) ion channel in the vascular function of human skeletal muscle feed arteries (SMFAs) and if activation of this heat-sensitive receptor could be involved in modulating vascular function, SMFAs from 16 humans (63 ± 5, 41-89 yrs) were studied using wire myography with capsaicin (TRPV1 agonist) and without (control). Specifically, phenylephrine (PE, α1 -adrenergic receptor agonist), dexemedetomidine (DEX, α2 -adrenergic receptor agonist), acetylcholine (ACh), and sodium nitroprusside (SNP) concentration response curves (CRCs) were performed to assess the role of TRPV1 channels in α-receptor-mediated vasocontraction as well as endothelium-dependent and independent vasorelaxation, respectively...
July 6, 2017: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680392/direct-anandamide-activation-of-trpv1-produces-divergent-calcium-and-current-responses
#14
Axel J Fenwick, Daniel K Fowler, Shaw-Wen Wu, Forrest J Shaffer, Jonathan E M Lindberg, Dallas C Kinch, James H Peters
In the brainstem nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS), primary vagal afferent neurons express the transient receptor potential vanilloid subfamily member 1 (TRPV1) at their central terminals where it contributes to quantal forms of glutamate release. The endogenous membrane lipid anandamide (AEA) is a putative TRPV1 agonist in the brain, yet the extent to which AEA activation of TRPV1 has a neurophysiological consequence is not well established. We investigated the ability of AEA to activate TRPV1 in vagal afferent neurons in comparison to capsaicin (CAP)...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674258/roles-of-transient-receptor-potential-ankyrin-1-in-oxaliplatin-induced-peripheral-neuropathy
#15
Takayuki Nakagawa, Shuji Kaneko
Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN), characterized by symptoms of paresthesia, dysesthesia, numbness, and pain, is a common adverse effect of several chemotherapeutic agents, including platinum-based agents, taxanes, and vinca alkaloids. However, no effective prevention or treatment strategies exist for CIPN because the mechanisms underpinning this neuropathy are poorly understood. Recent accumulating evidence suggests that some transient receptor potential (TRP) channels functioning as nociceptors in primary sensory neurons are responsible for CIPN...
2017: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671132/capsaicin-attenuates-amyloid-%C3%AE-induced-synapse-loss-and-cognitive-impairments-in-mice
#16
Long Chen, Zhilin Huang, Yehong Du, Min Fu, Huili Han, Yutian Wang, Zhifang Dong
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of progressive cognitive impairment in the aged. The aggregation of the amyloid β-protein (Aβ) is a hallmark of AD and is linked to synapse loss and cognitive impairment. Capsaicin, a specific agonist of the transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1), has been proven to ameliorate stress-induced AD-like pathological and cognitive impairments, but it is unclear whether TRPV1 activation can affect cognitive and synaptic functions in Aβ-induced mouse model of AD...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669718/cold-stress-induced-brain-injury-regulates-trpv1-channels-and-the-pi3k-akt-signaling-pathway
#17
Ying Liu, Yunen Liu, Hongxu Jin, Peifang Cong, Yubiao Zhang, Changci Tong, Xiuyun Shi, Xuelei Liu, Zhou Tong, Lin Shi, Mingxiao Hou
Transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) is a nonselective cation channel that interacts with several intracellular proteins in vivo, including calmodulin and Phosphatidylinositol-3-Kinase/Protein Kinase B (PI3K/Akt). TRPV1 activation has been reported to exert neuroprotective effects. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of cold stress on the mouse brain and the underlying mechanisms of TRPV1 involvement. Adult male C57BL/6 mice were subjected to cold stress (4°C for 8 h per day for 2 weeks)...
June 29, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663724/activation-of-transient-receptor-potential-vanilloid-4-impairs-the-dendritic-arborization-of-newborn-neurons-in-the-hippocampal-dentate-gyrus-through-the-ampk-and-akt-signaling-pathways
#18
Yujing Tian, Mengwen Qi, Zhouqing Wang, Chunfeng Wu, Zhen Sun, Yingchun Li, Sha Sha, Yimei Du, Lei Chen, Ling Chen
Neurite growth is an important process for the adult hippocampal neurogenesis which is regulated by a specific range of the intracellular free Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)]i). Transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) is a calcium-permeable channel and activation of it causes an increase in [Ca(2+)]i. We recently reported that TRPV4 activation promotes the proliferation of stem cells in the adult hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG). The present study aimed to examine the effect of TRPV4 activation on the dendrite morphology of newborn neurons in the adult hippocampal DG...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640864/targeting-breast-cancer-cells-by-mrs1477-a-positive-allosteric-modulator-of-trpv1-channels
#19
Mustafa Nazıroğlu, Bilal Çiğ, Walter Blum, Csaba Vizler, Andrea Buhala, Annamária Marton, Róbert Katona, Katalin Jósvay, Beat Schwaller, Zoltán Oláh, László Pecze
There is convincing epidemiological and experimental evidence that capsaicin, a potent natural transient receptor potential cation channel vanilloid member 1 (TRPV1) agonist, has anticancer activity. However, capsaicin cannot be given systemically in large doses, because of its induction of acute pain and neurological inflammation. MRS1477, a dihydropyridine derivative acts as a positive allosteric modulator of TRPV1, if added together with capsaicin, but is ineffective, if given alone. Addition of MRS1477 evoked Ca2+ signals in MCF7 breast cancer cells, but not in primary breast epithelial cells...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637949/comparative-analysis-of-allyl-isothiocyanate-aitc-induced-carbohydrate-oxidation-changes-via-trpv1-between-mice-and-chickens
#20
Fuminori Kawabata, Yuko Kawabata, Ruojun Liang, Shotaro Nishimura, Shoji Tabata
Postprandial hyperglycemia is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. It has been reported that intragastric administration of allyl isothiocyanate (AITC), which is one of the pungent ingredients of wasabi and horseradish but it is not included in hot chili pepper, increased carbohydrate oxidation and reduced postprandial increase of blood glucose via transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1)in mice. However, the action site of AITC on TRPV1 for increasing carbohydrate oxidation is unclear. Both mammalian and chicken TRPV1 (cTRPV1) are activated by heat and acid, but unlike its mammalian counterpart, cTRPV1 is only faintly activated by capsaicin...
2017: Biomedical Research
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