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Simon Dearden, Helen Brown, Suzanne Jenkins, Kenneth S Thress, Mireille Cantarini, Rebecca Cole, Malcolm Ranson, Pasi A Jänne
OBJECTIVES: Reliable epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation testing techniques are required to identify eligible patients with EGFR mutation/T790M positive advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), for treatment with osimertinib (AZD9291), an oral, potent, irreversible EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) selective for EGFR-TKI-sensitizing and T790M resistance mutations over wild-type EGFR. There is no current consensus regarding the best method to detect EGFR T790M mutations...
July 2017: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
Peter Ballard, James W T Yates, Zhenfan Yang, Dong-Wan Kim, James Chih-Hsin Yang, Mireille Cantarini, Kathryn Pickup, Angela Jordan, Mike Hickey, Matthew Grist, Matthew Box, Peter Johnström, Katarina Varnäs, Jonas Malmquist, Kenneth S Thress, Pasi A Jänne, Darren Cross
PURPOSE: Approximately one-third of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harboring tumors with EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI)-sensitizing mutations (EGFRm) experience disease progression during treatment due to brain metastases. Despite anecdotal reports of EGFR-TKIs providing benefit in some patients with EGFRm NSCLC brain metastases, there is a clinical need for novel EGFR-TKIs with improved efficacy against brain lesions. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We performed preclinical assessments of brain penetration and activity of osimertinib (AZD9291), an oral, potent, irreversible EGFR-TKI selective for EGFRm and T790M resistance mutations, and other EGFR-TKIs in various animal models of EGFR-mutant NSCLC brain metastases...
October 15, 2016: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Puey Ling Chia, Hongdo Do, Adrienne Morey, Paul Mitchell, Alexander Dobrovic, Thomas John
AZD9291, a T790M specific epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), has demonstrated impressive response rates in tumours harbouring the EGFR T790M resistance mutation. Emergence of resistance to AZD9291 has been shown to occur through several different mechanisms including the development of new mutations (e.g. C797S) in the EGFR tyrosine kinase domain. We studied two patients with paired tumour biopsies and blood samples pre- and post-progression on AZD9291 to explore possible resistance mechanisms...
August 2016: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
David Planchard, Kathryn H Brown, Dong-Wan Kim, Sang-We Kim, Yuichiro Ohe, Enriqueta Felip, Philip Leese, Mireille Cantarini, Karthick Vishwanathan, Pasi A Jänne, Malcolm Ranson, Paul A Dickinson
PURPOSE: Osimertinib (AZD9291) 80 mg once daily is approved by the US FDA for the treatment of patients with metastatic EGFR T790M-positive NSCLC whose disease has previously progressed on EGFR-TKI therapy. Osimertinib PK was evaluated to define the dose and dosing interval, whether a fixed-dosing approach can be used globally, and the impact of formulation and food on exposure. METHODS: AURA (NCT01802632): single- and multiple-dose PK of osimertinib (20-240 mg daily) was determined in patients with advanced NSCLC...
April 2016: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
Kenneth S Thress, Roz Brant, T Hedley Carr, Simon Dearden, Suzanne Jenkins, Helen Brown, Tracey Hammett, Mireille Cantarini, J Carl Barrett
OBJECTIVES: To assess the ability of different technology platforms to detect epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations, including T790M, from circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comparison of multiple platforms for detecting EGFR mutations in plasma ctDNA was undertaken. Plasma samples were collected from patients entering the ongoing AURA trial (NCT01802632), investigating the safety, tolerability, and efficacy of AZD9291 in patients with EGFR-sensitizing mutation-positive NSCLC...
December 2015: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
D Planchard, Y Loriot, F André, A Gobert, N Auger, L Lacroix, J C Soria
BACKGROUND: AZD9291 is an oral, irreversible, mutant-selective epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKI), which specifically targets both sensitizing and resistant T790M mutations. This compound has shown outstanding activity, in a phase I/II (AURA) trial. However, despite impressive tumor responses in T790M-positive patients, acquired resistance to this drug limits the benefit of this compound. Mutations at the EGFR C797 codon, located within the kinase-binding site, were very recently reported to be a potential mechanism of resistance to AZD9291 in T790M-positive patients...
October 2015: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
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