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Geneviève Painchaud Guérard, Simone Lemieux, Éric Doucet, Sonia Pomerleau, Véronique Provencher
Nutrition claims may help people to adopt healthier eating habits, but little is known about the potential cognitive effects of such claims on appetite sensations. The main purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of nutrition claims and individual factors on perceived appetite sensations. According to a three ("healthy" versus "diet" (i.e., satiating) versus "hedonic") by two (restrained or not restrained) by two (normal-weight or overweight/obese) by two (men versus women) factorial design, 164 males and 188 females aged 18-65 were invited to taste an oatmeal-raisin snack in a blinded and ad libitum context...
2016: Journal of Obesity
Ronald D Fritz, Yumin Chen, Veronica Contreras
Oats are easily contaminated with gluten-rich kernels of wheat, rye and barley. These contaminants are like gluten 'pills', shown here to skew gluten analysis results. Using R-Biopharm R5 ELISA, we quantified gluten in gluten-free oatmeal servings from an in-market survey. For samples with a 5-20ppm reading on a first test, replicate analyses provided results ranging <5ppm to >160ppm. This suggests sample grinding may inadequately disperse gluten to allow a single accurate gluten assessment. To ascertain this, and characterize the distribution of 0...
February 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
R Gopirajah, Keshav Prakash Raichurkar, Rajkumar Wadhwa, C Anandharamakrishnan
The chief motor functions of human stomach, namely receiving, storing, mixing and emptying, influence the absorption of ingested food and hence determine the glycemic response to the meal. However, among these functions, the gastric emptying pattern of the stomach is essentially regulated by the meal characteristics such as particle size, volume, nutrient composition and viscosity. Understanding the complex relationship between the stomach motor functions and the physicochemical characteristics of meal on glycemic control needs more attention in the formulation of functional foods...
September 14, 2016: Food & Function
Kathy Musa-Veloso, Shafagh Fallah, Marianne O'Shea, YiFang Chu
The objective of the present study was to characterize the consumption of cooked oatmeal in the United States (U.S.) and to determine whether oatmeal consumption is associated with body mass index (BMI). To estimate current intakes of cooked oatmeal in the various age and gender population groups, we used dietary intake data from Day 1 of the U.S. 2009-2010 and 2011-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES). We also used dietary intake data from Day 1 of the U.S. 2003-2012 NHANES to assess associations between intakes of cooked oatmeal (in g/kg body weight) and NHANES cycle (2003-2004, 2005-2006, 2007-2008, 2009-2010, 2011-2012), age category (3-11 years, 12-18 years, 19-44 years, 45 years+), gender, and BMI classification (underweight, normal weight, overweight, or obese), using a multiple linear regression model...
2016: Nutrients
Mayurkumar Tamakuwala, Warren Ratna, Amit Joshi, Grazia Stagni
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of topically applied 2% hydroxypropyl cellulose gels containing 0.5% fingolimod hydrochloride (FNGL) with or without 6% colloidal oatmeal in an in vivo model of atopic dermatitis (AD). METHODS: AD-like lesions were induced in SKH1/Hr hairless mice and were treated with FNGL gels, non-medicated base gels and Elidel(®) cream for 6 weeks. The severity/improvement of the lesions was assessed regularly using the Eczema Area and Severity Index (EASI), pH of the skin, transepidermal water loss, g/m(2) /h (TEWL), humidity and temperature...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Adham Mottalib, Barakatun-Nisak Mohd-Yusof, Mohamed Shehabeldin, David M Pober, Joanna Mitri, Osama Hamdy
Diabetes-specific nutritional formulas (DSNFs) are frequently used as part of medical nutrition therapy for patients with diabetes. This study aims to evaluate postprandial (PP) effects of 2 DSNFs; Glucerna (GL) and Ultra Glucose Control (UGC) versus oatmeal (OM) on glucose, insulin, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), free fatty acids (FFA) and triglycerides (TG). After an overnight fast, 22 overweight/obese patients with type 2 diabetes were given 200 kcal of each of the three meals on three separate days in random order...
July 22, 2016: Nutrients
Olha Ilnytska, Simarna Kaur, Suhyoun Chon, Kurt A Reynertson, Judith Nebus, Michelle Garay, Khalid Mahmood, Michael D Southall
Oats (Avena sativa) are a centuries-old topical treatment for a variety of skin barrier conditions, including dry skin, skin rashes, and eczema; however, few studies have investigated the actual mechanism of action for the skin barrier strengthening activity of colloidal oatmeal. Four extracts of colloidal oatmeal were prepared with various solvents and tested in vitro for skin barrier related gene expression and activity. Extracts of colloidal oatmeal were found to induce the expression of genes related to epidermal differentiation, tight junctions and lipid regulation in skin, and provide pH-buffering capacity...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
S A Buymova, A G Bubnov
There is considered the possibility of the use of risk indices with regard to their use in certification and validation of conformity assessment and food conformance, including those recommended for children. There were investigated samples of oatmeals, potted meats, liver pate, fruit-vegetable puree. The calculation of risk values was based on original data of quantitative analysis that was performed with the use of thermogravimetric, photometric, titrimetric, and potentiometric methods, as well as methods of gas-liquid chromatography and atomic absorption spectrophotometry...
2016: Gigiena i Sanitariia
Hee-Jung Song, Stephanie Grutzmacher, Ash L Munger
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of a school-based nutrition program using a cafeteria environment intervention and classroom nutrition education on self-reported fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption, self-efficacy to select FV, and preference for healthy foods. METHODS: Using quasi-experimental pre-post design with 3 study conditions, a total of 665 fourth- and fifth-grade students participated in the study. The comprehensive intervention included a behavioral economics cafeteria intervention and weekly classroom nutrition education for 1 academic year...
July 2016: Journal of School Health
Anne Helnæs, Cecilie Kyrø, Ingelise Andersen, Sandra Lacoppidan, Kim Overvad, Jane Christensen, Anne Tjønneland, Anja Olsen
BACKGROUND: High intake of whole grains has been associated with lower risk of coronary heart disease; however, the research that has been used to evaluate different effects of different whole-grain cereals (e.g., wheat, rye, and oats) has been sparse. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association between whole-grain intake in terms of total intake and intakes of different cereals and myocardial infarction. DESIGN: This prospective study included 54,871 Danish adults aged 50-64 y, of whom 2329 individuals developed myocardial infarction (13...
April 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Junli Yang, Pei Wang, Wenbin Wu, Yantao Zhao, Emmanuel Idehen, Shengmin Sang
Saponins are one type of widespread defense compound in the plant kingdom and have been exploited for the production of lead compounds with diverse pharmacological properties in drug discovery. Oats contain two unique steroidal saponins, avenacoside A, 1, and avenacoside B, 2. However, the chemical composition, the levels of these saponins in commercial oat products, and their health effects are still largely unknown. In this study, we directly purified 5 steroidal saponins (1-5) from a methanol extract of oat bran, characterized their structures by analyzing their MS and NMR spectra, and also tentatively identified 11 steroidal saponins (6-16) on the basis of their tandem mass spectra (MS(n), n = 2-3)...
February 24, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Mahesh Adhikari, Dil Raj Yadav, Sangwoo Kim, Yong Hyun Um, Hyung Seung Kim, Hyang Burm Lee, Youn Su Lee
Two new fungal species of the genus Talaromyces, Talaromyces purpurogenus and Talaromyces trachyspermus from the Trichocomaceae family, were recovered during an investigation of fungal communities in soil collected from the Gangwon-do and Jeollanam-do provinces of Korea. These two species have not been previously officially reported from Korea. In this study, detailed descriptions of internal transcribed spacer rDNA and beta-tubulin gene regions of these two fungi are presented. Morphological features of the two fungi in five agar media, potato dextrose, oatmeal, malt extract, czapek yeast extract, and yeast extract sucrose, are also reported...
December 2015: Mycobiology
Melinda Karalus, Zata Vickers
The primary objective of this study was to use the 5-Factor Satiety Questionnaire (Karalus, 2011) to compare the changes in satiation and satiety produced by eating oranges with the changes produced by eating oatmeal. A secondary objective was to compare the data from the 5-Factor Satiety Questionnaire with that from more traditionally used scales. Thirty participants evaluated hunger and fullness feelings before breakfast and at 0, 60, and 120 min after consuming breakfasts of equal volumes of oranges and oatmeal...
April 1, 2016: Appetite
Qingtao Hou, Yun Li, Ling Li, Gaiping Cheng, Xin Sun, Sheyu Li, Haoming Tian
The present study aimed to comprehensively assess if oats intake is beneficial for diabetic patients. The literature search was conducted in PubMed database up to 23 August 2015. Fourteen controlled trials and two uncontrolled observational studies were included. Compared with the controls, oats intake significantly reduced the concentrations of glycosylated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) (MD, -0.42%; 95% CI, -0.61% to -0.23%), fasting blood glucose (FBG) (MD, -0.39 mmol/L; 95% CI, -0.58 to -0.19 mmol/L), total cholesterol (TC) (MD, -0...
December 2015: Nutrients
Niklas Wolters, Gerhard Schembecker, Juliane Merz
Erinacine C is a cyathane scaffold-based secondary metabolite, which is naturally produced by the filamentous fungus Hericium erinaceus and has a high potential to treat nervous diseases such as Alzheimer's disease. The investigated approach consists of combining an optimised precultivation of H. erinaceus with an enhanced erinacine C production by developing a suitable main cultivation medium enabling the utilisation of high biomass contents. The final erinacine C production medium is buffered by 100 mM HEPES to ensure a stable pH value of 7...
December 2015: Fungal Biology
Tanja V E Kral, Annika L Bannon, Jesse Chittams, Reneé H Moore
BACKGROUND: Few studies exist that have systematically examined the role of protein, and egg protein in particular, in appetite and energy intake regulation in children. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of three different types of breakfast on appetite and energy intake at subsequent meals in children. DESIGN: Forty children, ages 8-10, were served a compulsory breakfast (egg, cereal, or oatmeal) and lunch, consumed ad libitum, once a week for three weeks...
January 2016: Eating Behaviors
Neriman Yilmaz, Ferry Hagen, Jacques F Meis, Jos Houbraken, Robert A Samson
Talaromyces amestolkiae is a common cosmopolitan species that has been cultured from indoor house dust, sputum and lungs from cystic fibrosis patients, indoor air, wheat, soil, pineapple, sculptures and manure. It was described as an asexual Talaromyces species and was reported to produce black sclerotia. In this study we report on the induction of sexual reproductive structures in T. amestolkiae. The mating type of 18 T. amestolkiae strains was determined with MAT-specific primers. Subsequently opposite mating types were inoculated on oatmeal agar and malt-extract agar and incubated 6-20 wk at 25 and 30 C in darkness...
January 2016: Mycologia
Ken Komatsu, Syun-Ichi Urayama, Yu Katoh, Shin-Ichi Fuji, Shu Hase, Toshiyuki Fukuhara, Tsutomu Arie, Tohru Teraoka, Hiromitsu Moriyama
Magnaporthe oryzae chrysovirus 1 (MoCV1) is a mycovirus with a dsRNA genome that infects the rice blast fungus Magnaporthe oryzae and impairs its growth. To date, MoCV1 has only been found in Vietnamese isolates of M. oryzae, and the distribution of this virus in M. oryzae isolates from other parts of the world remains unknown. In this study, using a one-step reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR) assay, we detected a MoCV1-related virus in M. oryzae in Japan (named MoCV1-AK) whose sequence shares considerable similarity with that of the MoCV1 Vietnamese isolate...
February 2016: Archives of Virology
Jørgen Valeur, Nathalie G Puaschitz, Tore Midtvedt, Arnold Berstad
Oatmeal porridge has been consumed for centuries and has several health benefits. We aimed to investigate the effect of oatmeal porridge on gut microflora functions. A total of ten healthy subjects ingested 60 g oatmeal porridge daily for 1 week. The following microflora-associated characteristics were assessed before and after the intervention: intestinal gas production following lactulose ingestion, faecal excretion of SCFA and faecal levels of urease and β-galactosidase. In addition, rectal levels of PGE2 were measured...
January 14, 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
Sandra Amalie Lacoppidan, Cecilie Kyrø, Steffen Loft, Anne Helnæs, Jane Christensen, Camilla Plambeck Hansen, Christina Catherine Dahm, Kim Overvad, Anne Tjønneland, Anja Olsen
BACKGROUND: Type-2 diabetes (T2D) prevalence is rapidly increasing worldwide. Lifestyle factors, in particular obesity, diet, and physical activity play a significant role in the etiology of the disease. Of dietary patterns, particularly the Mediterranean diet has been studied, and generally a protective association has been identified. However, other regional diets are less explored. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between adherence to a healthy Nordic food index and the risk of T2D...
October 21, 2015: Nutrients
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