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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679938/exposure-to-nanoplastics-disturbs-the-gut-microbiome-in-the-soil-oligochaete-enchytraeus-crypticus
#1
Bo-Kai Zhu, Yi-Meng Fang, Dong Zhu, Peter Christie, Xin Ke, Yong-Guan Zhu
Microplastics are emerging pollutants that have recently aroused considerable concern but most toxicological studies have focused on marine biota, with little investigation of the influence of microplastics on terrestrial ecosystems. Here, we fed the soil oligochaete Enchytraeus crypticus with oatmeal containing 0, 0.025, 0.5, and 10% (dry weight basis) nano-polystyrene (0.05-0.1 μm particle size) to elucidate the impact of microplastics on the growth and gut microbiome of Enchytraeus crypticus. We observed a significant reduction of weight in the animals fed 10% polystyrene and an increase in the reproduction of those fed 0...
April 18, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560440/chronic-voluntary-oral-methamphetamine-induces-deficits-in-spatial-learning-and-hippocampal-protein-kinase-mzeta-with-enhanced-astrogliosis-and-cyclooxygenase-2-levels
#2
Jorge A Avila, Roseanna M Zanca, Denis Shor, Nicholas Paleologos, Amber A Alliger, Maria E Figueiredo-Pereira, Peter A Serrano
Methamphetamine (MA) is an addictive drug with neurotoxic effects on the brain producing cognitive impairment and increasing the risk for neurodegenerative disease. Research has focused largely on examining the neurochemical and behavioral deficits induced by injecting relatively high doses of MA [30 mg/kg of body weight (bw)] identifying the upper limits of MA-induced neurotoxicity. Accordingly, we have developed an appetitive mouse model of voluntary oral MA administration (VOMA) based on the consumption of a palatable sweetened oatmeal mash containing a known amount of MA...
February 2018: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533490/effects-of-a-protein-free-oat-plantlet-extract-on-microinflammation-and-skin-barrier-function-in-atopic-dermatitis-patients
#3
REVIEW
A Wollenberg, R Fölster-Holst, M Saint Aroman, F Sampogna, C Vestergaard
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common, highly pruritic, chronic inflammatory skin disease. Dysfunction of the epidermal barrier is witnessed by an increased transepidermal water loss in lesional and non-lesional AD skin. The inflammation in lesional AD skin is well characterized. Non-lesional skin of AD patients shows histological signs of a subclinical inflammation and a pro-inflammatory cytokine milieu. This microinflammation is present even in seemingly healed skin and must be taken into account regarding treatment of AD...
April 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486772/probiotic-fruit-beverages-with-different-polyphenol-profiles-attenuated-early-insulin-response
#4
Jie Xu, Tommy Jönsson, Merichel Plaza, Åsa Håkansson, Martin Antonsson, Irini Lazou Ahrén, Charlotta Turner, Peter Spégel, Yvonne Granfeldt
BACKGROUND: Consumption of polyphenol-rich fruits and vegetables may improve postprandial glucose and insulin levels and hence promote well-being. Previously it has been observed that consumption of bilberry decreases the postprandial insulin demand. The intention with the present study was to compare the impact of different supplements with various polyphenol profiles, on the postprandial glucose and insulin responses in healthy young adults. METHODS: In a randomized, controlled, crossover study the postprandial glycemic and insulin responses were observed in eleven healthy adults after intake of five different beverages containing bilberry (European blueberry), blackcurrant, beetroot, mango and rose hip, respectively; all drinks were enriched with the same composition of fermented oatmeal and probiotics...
February 27, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480316/effect-of-adding-oat-bran-to-instant-oatmeal-on-glycaemic-response-in-humans-a-study-to-establish-the-minimum-effective-dose-of-oat-%C3%AE-glucan
#5
Thomas M S Wolever, Alexandra L Jenkins, Kevin Prudence, Jodee Johnson, Ruedi Duss, YiFang Chu, Robert E Steinert
Reducing the glycaemic response to carbohydrate-containing foods may have desirable physiological effects for many people. Here, we aimed to determine the minimum amount of oat β-glucan from oat-bran which, when added to instant-oatmeal, would reduce the glycaemic response by 20% compared to a β-glucan-free cereal. Therefore, the glycaemic responses elicited by one serving (27 g) instant-oatmeal plus 247 g 2% milk (IO, 28 g available-carbohydrate, 1.2 g β-glucan) or IO plus 0.2, 0.4, 0.8 or 1.6 g oat β-glucan (OBG) from oat-bran, or an available-carbohydrate matched portion of cream of rice (CR) plus milk were measured over 2 h in n = 40 subjects using a randomized, cross-over design...
February 26, 2018: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476623/the-influence-of-adding-spices-to-reduced-sugar-foods-on-overall-liking
#6
John C Peters, Ryan Marker, Zhaoxing Pan, Jeanne Anne Breen, James O Hill
Reducing sugar intake is a major public health goal but many consumers are reluctant to use low calorie sweeteners. Two studies were conducted in healthy adults aged 18 to 65 to investigate whether addition of culinary spices to foods reduced in sugar could preserve hedonic liking. Test foods, black tea, oatmeal, and apple crisp, were prepared in full sugar (FS), reduced sugar (RS), and reduced sugar with spice (RSS) versions. Sugar reductions were 100%, 35%, and 37% for tea, oatmeal, and apple crisp, respectively...
February 24, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443904/comparison-of-conventional-and-microwave-assisted-heating-on-carbohydrate-content-antioxidant-capacity-and-postprandial-glycemic-response-in-oat-meals
#7
Joanna Harasym, Remigiusz Olędzki
Minimally processed cereal breakfast products from whole grain entered the market due to consumer demand of more nutritional food with more controlled sugar release. However, the subsequent processing of such products with different cooking methods in the consumer's kitchen may lead to significant differentiation of their nutritional value. Therefore, the evaluation of the impact of frequently used cooking methods on a final quality of breakfast cereals meal is needed. The present study investigates how the two different methods of heating, conventional and microwave (MW) assisted, affect the carbohydrate content, profile and resulting glycemic index of so prepared food as well as the antioxidant activity of meals...
February 14, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371800/three-new-records-of-ascomycetes-isolates-from-field-soils-in-korea
#8
Mahesh Adhikari, Sun Kumar Gurung, Hyun Seung Kim, Setu Bazie, Hyun Gu Lee, Hyang Burm Lee, Youn Su Lee
Three new records of Ascomycota species (Chaetomium acropullum, Phialemonium globosum, Phialemonium atrogriseum) from field soils in Korea are presented in this study. These newly discovered fungal isolates were isolated from field soils from various places across Gyeongnam, Korea in 2016. All the isolates were identified and described based on morphological characteristics, and rDNA internal transcribed spacer and β-tubulin gene sequence data. Morphological features of these fungal species were studied on different agar media: potato dextrose agar, oatmeal agar, malt extract agar, Czapek yeast extract agar, and yeast extract sucrose agar...
December 2017: Mycobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320591/the-use-of-an-over-the-counter-hand-cream-with-sweet-almond-oil-for-the-treatment-of-hand-dermatitis
#9
Joshua A Zeichner, Diane Berson, Angela Donald
Hand dermatitis is estimated to affect greater than 15% of the general population. Childhood eczema, frequent hand washing, and occupational exposure to chemicals are predisposing factors. Hand dermatitis treatment involves both prevention of outbreaks and treatment of active disease. Moisturizers are essential to protect the skin from the environment, enhance hydration, and repair the skin barrier. They have been shown in large studies to prevent occupational related breakouts. Natural oils are commonly used in moisturizers for their moisturizing and emollient properties...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313753/compared-to-an-oatmeal-breakfast-two-eggs-day-increased-plasma-carotenoids-and-choline-without-increasing-trimethyl-amine-n-oxide-concentrations
#10
Amanda Missimer, Maria Luz Fernandez, Diana M DiMarco, Gregory H Norris, Christopher N Blesso, Ana Gabriela Murillo, Marcela Vergara-Jimenez, Bruno S Lemos, Isabel Medina-Vera, Olga V Malysheva, Marie A Caudill
BACKGROUND: Habitual consumption of eggs has been hypothesized to positively modify biomarkers of cardiovascular disease risk through proposed antioxidant properties. OBJECTIVES: To examine this relationship, 50 young, healthy men and women were enrolled into a randomized crossover clinical intervention. METHODS: Participants consumed either 2 eggs per day or one packet of oatmeal a day for 4 weeks, followed by a 3-week wash-out and crossed over to the alternate breakfast...
February 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127271/whole-grain-consumption-and-risk-of-ischemic-stroke-results-from-2-prospective-cohort-studies
#11
Juan Juan, Gang Liu, Walter C Willett, Frank B Hu, Kathryn M Rexrode, Qi Sun
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Higher intake of whole grains may exert cardiometabolic benefits, although findings on stroke risk are inconclusive. The potentially differential effects of individual whole grain foods on ischemic stroke have not been examined. METHODS: We analyzed whole grain consumption in relation to ischemic stroke among 71 750 women from the Nurses' Health Study and 42 823 men from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study who were free of cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, and cancer at baseline (1984 and 1986, respectively) through 2010 using a Cox proportional hazards model...
December 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714768/macronutrient-composition-of-a-morning-meal-and-the-maintenance-of-attention-throughout-the-morning
#12
Tommy J Wilson, Michael J Gray, Jan-Willem Van Klinken, Melissa Kaczmarczyk, John J Foxe
BACKGROUND: At present, the impact of macronutrient composition and nutrient intake on sustained attention in adults is unclear, although some prior work suggests that nutritive interventions that engender slow, steady glucose availability support sustained attention after consumption. A separate line of evidence suggests that nutrient consumption may alter electroencephalographic markers of neurophysiological activity, including neural oscillations in the alpha-band (8-14 Hz), which are known to be richly interconnected with the allocation of attention...
July 17, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709569/selected-active-naturals-for-atopic-dermatitis-atopic-dermatitis-part-1
#13
REVIEW
Nanette B Silverberg
The desire for naturally derived agents is a growing trend for patients, physicians, and pharmaceutical companies. Studies indicate that complementary and alternative medicine is often used by patients and parents of children with atopic dermatitis, not necessarily with beneficial results. A half-dozen natural agents (ie, topical agents: coconut oil, colloidal oatmeal, sunflower oil, mustard oil, glycerin, and oral Chinese herbal therapy) are discussed because they have become popular for their expected activity in the therapy of atopic dermatitis...
July 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697218/a-1-colloidal-oatmeal-cream-alone-is-effective-in-reducing-symptoms-of-mild-to-moderate-atopic-dermatitis-results-from-two-clinical-studies
#14
Toni Anne Lisante, Chris Nunez, Paul Zhang, Barbara M Mathes
<p>BACKGROUND: The epidermal barrier in patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) is deficient in ceramides and cathelicidins. Such epidermal defects may be a trigger for AD, thereby encouraging research toward development of skin-barrier-targeted preventive strategies.</p> <p>METHODS: Two single-center, single-arm clinical trials were conducted (study 1, age greater than equal to 8 years and study 2, greater than equal to 10 years) in patients with mild to moderate AD to evaluate the effects of an over-the-counter 1% colloidal oatmeal cream administered for 14 days...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626589/the-effects-of-food-labelling-on-postexercise-energy-intake-in-sedentary-women
#15
Jacynthe Lafrenière, Jessica McNeil, Véronique Provencher, Éric Doucet
Food labelling has been previously reported to influence energy intake (EI). Whether food labels influence postexercise EI remains to be determined. We assessed how food labelling and exercise (Ex) interact to influence food perception and postexercise EI. In this randomized crossover design, 14 inactive women participated in 4 experimental conditions: Ex (300 kcal at 70% of VO2peak) and lunch labelled as low in fat (LF), Ex and lunch labelled as high in fat (HF), Rest and LF, and Rest and HF. The lunch was composed of a plate of pasta, yogurt, and oatmeal cookies, which had the same nutritional composition across the 4 experimental conditions...
2017: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572083/oatmeal-particle-size-alters-glycemic-index-but-not-as-a-function-of-gastric-emptying-rate
#16
Alan R Mackie, Balazs H Bajka, Neil M Rigby, Peter J Wilde, Fatima Alves-Pereira, Ellen F Mosleth, Anne Rieder, Bente Kirkhus, Louise J Salt
The aim of this study was to determine the extent to which oat particle size in a porridge could alter glucose absorption, gastric emptying, gastrointestinal hormone response, and subjective feelings of appetite and satiety. Porridge was prepared from either oat flakes or oat flour with the same protein, fat, carbohydrate, and mass. These were fed to eight volunteers on separate days in a crossover study, and subjective appetite ratings, gastric contents, and plasma glucose, insulin, and gastrointestinal hormones were determined over a period of 3 h...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531455/effect-of-serving-size-and-addition-of-sugar-on-the-glycemic-response-elicited-by-oatmeal-a-randomized-cross-over-study
#17
Thomas M S Wolever, B Jan-Willem van Klinken, Susan E Spruill, Alexandra L Jenkins, YiFang Chu, Laura Harkness
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We aimed to determine the impact of serving size and addition of sucrose on the glycemic response elicited by oatmeal. METHODS: We studied 38 healthy subjects (mean ± SD age 40 ± 12 yr, BMI 26.4 ± 3.6 kg/m2 ) on 8 separate days using a randomized, cross-over design. Capillary blood-glucose responses over 2hr after consuming 30, 40 and 60 g Classic Quaker Quick Oats (18, 24 and 36 g available-carbohydrate [avCHO], respectively) and 30 g Oats plus 9 g sucrose (27 g avCHO) were compared with those after avCHO-matched servings of Cream of Rice cereal (Control) (22, 29, 44 and 33 g cereal, respectively)...
December 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366039/efficacy-and-safety-of-an-over-the-counter-1-colloidal-oatmeal-cream-in-the-management-of-mild-to-moderate-atopic-dermatitis-in-children-a-double-blind-randomized-active-controlled-study
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Toni Anne Lisante, Chris Nuñez, Paul Zhang
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of an over-the-counter (OTC) 1% colloidal oatmeal cream versus a prescription barrier cream in children with mild-to-moderate atopic dermatitis (AD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eligible patients (6 months-18 years) were randomized to OTC or prescription cream. Eczema Area and Severity Index (EASI) scores, Investigator's Global Atopic Dermatitis Assessment (IGADA) scores, patients' and/or caregivers' assessment of itch using 10-cm visual analog scale (VAS) on day 0, weeks 1, 2, and 3 were assessed...
November 2017: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275099/the-mediterranean-diet-score-is-more-strongly-associated-with-favorable-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-over-2-years-than-other-diet-quality-indexes-in-puerto-rican-adults
#19
Josiemer Mattei, Mercedes Sotos-Prieto, Sherman J Bigornia, Sabrina E Noel, Katherine L Tucker
Background: Multiple diet quality scores have been used to evaluate adherence to specific dietary recommendations or to consumption of healthful foods and nutrients. It remains unknown which score can more strongly predict longitudinal changes in cardiometabolic risk factors. Objective: We aimed to determine associations of 5 diet quality scores [AHA diet score (AHA-DS), Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH), Healthy Eating Index (HEI)-2005, Mediterranean diet score (MeDS), and Alternative Healthy Eating Index (AHEI)] with 2-y changes in cardiometabolic risk factors in adults 45-75 y old...
April 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247857/adherence-to-a-healthy-nordic-food-index-and-risk-of-myocardial-infarction-in-middle-aged-danes-the-diet-cancer-and-health-cohort-study
#20
V B Gunge, I Andersen, C Kyrø, C P Hansen, C C Dahm, J Christensen, A Tjønneland, A Olsen
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: For decades, the Mediterranean diet has been in focus regarding healthy eating as it has been associated with reduced risk of non-communicable diseases. Less interest has been given to health benefits of other regional diets. The aim of the present study was to assess whether adherence to a healthy Nordic food index was associated with lower risk of myocardial infarction (MI) among middle-aged Danes. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Data were obtained from the Danish Diet, Cancer and Health cohort study of 57 053 men and women aged 50-64 years recruited between 1993 and 1997...
March 1, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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