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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351671/a-novel-non-invasive-method-for-evaluating-electroencephalograms-on-laying-hens
#1
Krista N Eberle, Michael P Martin, Sanjay Shah, Ramon D Malheiros, Kimberly A Livingston, Kenneth E Anderson
The use of electroencephalograms (EEG) to study the avian brain relative to behavior was conducted as early as the 1960's. EEG readings, combined with visual cues, provide the ability to elucidate and correlate behaviors to neurological and physiological changes in a chicken. The use of EEG recordings in animal models require access to the brain to implant electrodes. Having the ability to observe EEG activity on sensible birds without surgical implantation could broaden the research in this area and give further insight related to the hen's state of awareness...
January 17, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350555/outcomes-of-latarjet-procedure-compared-with-bankart-repair-for-recurrent-traumatic-anterior-shoulder-instability
#2
Kellie C Huxel Bliven, Gail P Parr
Reference/Citation:  An VV, Sivakumar BS, Phan K, Trantalis J. A systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical and patient-reported outcomes following two procedures for recurrent traumatic anterior instability of the shoulder: Latarjet procedure vs. Bankart repair. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2016;25(5):853-863. CLINICAL QUESTION:   Are clinical and patient-reported outcomes different between the Latarjet and Bankart repair stabilization procedures when performed for recurrent traumatic anterior shoulder instability? DATA SOURCES:   Ovid MEDLINE, PubMed, Cochrane databases, American College of Physicians Journal Club, and Database of Abstracts of Review of Effectiveness were searched up to June 2015...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350378/eq-5d-studies-in-cardiovascular-diseases-in-eight-central-and-eastern-european-countries-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#3
Paulina Batóg, Fanni Rencz, Márta Péntek, László Gulácsi, Krzysztof J Filipiak, Valentina Prevolnik Rupel, Judit Simon, Valentin Brodszky, Petra Baji, Jakub Závada, Guenka Petrova, Alexandru Rotar, Dominik Golicki
BACKGROUND: The measurement of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) by validated generic instruments, such as EQ-5D, becomes an increasingly important tool for the assessment of health care in a wide range of different diagnoses. AIM: To systematically review EQ-5D literature generated in cardiovascular diseases in eight selected Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) countries. METHODS: A structured literature search was conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, CINAHL, PsycINFO, the Cochrane Library and the EuroQol website up to November 2016...
January 19, 2018: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350291/decompressive-surgery-for-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-across-the-atlantic-a-comparison-of-preoperative-mri-between-matched-cohorts-from-the-us-and-norway
#4
Amandeep Bhalla, Thomas D Cha, Clemens Weber, Ulf Nerland, Sasha Gulati, Greger Lønne
BACKGROUND: There are no uniform guidelines regarding when to operate for Lumbar Spinal Stenosis (LSS). As we apply findings from clinical research from one population to the next, elucidating similarities or differences provides important context for the validity of extrapolating clinical outcomes. The aim of this study was to compare the morphological severity of lumbar spinal stenosis on preoperative MRI in patients undergoing decompressive surgery in Boston, USA, and Trondheim, Norway...
January 19, 2018: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350123/-dontrun-a-neurosurgical-trainee-network-network-for-the-advancement-of-clinical-research
#5
J L Groen, E M Bos, J W Berkelbach van der Sprenkel
There is a lot of research into the effectiveness of interventions, but good evidence for many interventions is missing. This is very true of simple and frequently performed treatments. These interventions are often done by trainees in the course of their specialist training, and for this reason they are in a unique position to carry out research into them. There are far fewer high-quality, multicentre clinical trials in the surgical specialisations than in any other specialisation. As trainee neurosurgeons, we are of the opinion that this can be improved upon...
2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350002/-progress-on-laminoplasty-in-spinal-canal-disease
#6
Jian-Min Chen, Guo-Yin Liu, Yong Zhang, Jian-Ning Zhao
Surgery is the preferred method for the treatment of spinal canal disease, surgical method involves laminectomy and laminoplasty. The ideal spinal surgery not only should fully expose the spinal canal, completely resect the occupied position and remove the spinal cord compression, but also should maintain the stability of spinal biomechanics. Because of the different realization of clinician to safeguard and rebuild the spinal stabilization during opertion of spinal canal disease, and choice of surgical method and how to maintain the stability of spine biomechanics has become a hot of research in this field...
February 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349975/-clinical-research-on-the-arthroscopic-treatment-for-recurrent-patellar-dislocation-by-anatomical-reconstruction-of-medial-patellarfemoral-ligament
#7
Zhen-Yang Yu, Xu Cai, Wang Gu
OBJECTIVE: To observe the therapeutic effects of arthroscopic treatment for recurrent patellar dislocation by anatomical reconstruction of medial patellarfemoral ligament. METHODS: From June 2009 to December 2014, 25 patients with recurrent patellar dislocation were treated with anatomical reconstruction of medial patellarfemoral ligament surgery under arthroscopy. There were 10 males and 15 females, with an average age of 18.4 years old (ranged, 15 to 25 years old )...
April 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348112/comparing-short-dental-implants-to-standard-dental-implants-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#8
Amir Reza Rokn, Abbasali Keshtkar, Abbas Monzavi, Kazem Hashemi, Tahereh Bitaraf
BACKGROUND: Short dental implants have been proposed as a simpler, cheaper, and faster alternative for the rehabilitation of atrophic edentulous areas to avoid the disadvantages of surgical techniques for increasing bone volume. OBJECTIVE: This review will compare short implants (4 to 8 mm) to standard implants (larger than 8 mm) in edentulous jaws, evaluating on the basis of marginal bone loss (MBL), survival rate, complications, and prosthesis failure. METHODS: We will electronically search for randomized controlled trials comparing short dental implants to standard dental implants in the following databases: PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, Scopus, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and ClinicalTrials...
January 18, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348010/early-outcomes-with-the-evolut-pro-repositionable-self-expanding-transcatheter-aortic-valve-with-pericardial-wrap
#9
John K Forrest, Abeel A Mangi, Jeffrey J Popma, Kamal Khabbaz, Michael J Reardon, Neal S Kleiman, Steven J Yakubov, Daniel Watson, Susheel Kodali, Isaac George, Peter Tadros, George L Zorn, John Brown, Robert Kipperman, Sara Saul, Hongyan Qiao, Jae K Oh, Mathew R Williams
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to evaluate the Medtronic Evolut PRO Transcatheter Aortic Valve System in patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis. BACKGROUND: A next-generation self-expanding transcatheter aortic valve was designed with an external pericardial wrap with the intent to reduce paravalvular leak while maintaining the benefits of a low-profile, self-expanding, and repositionable supra-annular valve. METHODS: The Medtronic Evolut PRO Clinical Study included 60 patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement with the Evolut PRO valve at 8 investigational sites in the United States...
January 22, 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348008/impact-of-pre-existing-prosthesis-patient-mismatch-on-survival-following-aortic%C3%A2-valve-in-valve%C3%A2-procedures
#10
Philippe Pibarot, Matheus Simonato, Marco Barbanti, Axel Linke, Ran Kornowski, Tanja Rudolph, Mark Spence, Neil Moat, Gabriel Aldea, Marco Mennuni, Alessandro Iadanza, Hafid Amrane, Diego Gaia, Won-Keun Kim, Massimo Napodano, Hardy Baumbach, Ariel Finkelstein, Junjiro Kobayashi, Stephen Brecker, Creighton Don, Alfredo Cerillo, Axel Unbehaun, David Attias, Mohammed Nejjari, Noah Jones, Claudia Fiorina, Didier Tchetche, Raphael Philippart, Konstantinos Spargias, Jose-Maria Hernandez, Azeem Latib, Danny Dvir
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine whether the association of small label size of the surgical valve with increased mortality after transcatheter valve-in-valve (ViV) implantation is, at least in part, related to pre-existing prosthesis-patient mismatch (PPM) (i.e., a bioprosthesis that is too small in relation to body size). BACKGROUND: Transcatheter ViV implantation is an alternative for the treatment of patients with degenerated bioprostheses...
January 22, 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347976/intracisternal-tuberculoma-a-refractory-type-of-tuberculoma-indicating-surgical-intervention
#11
Fanfan Chen, Lei Chen, Yongfu Cao, Yongjun Yi, Jingwen Zhuang, Wuhua Le, Wei Xie, Lanbo Tu, Peng Li, Yimin Fang, Ling Li, Yuqing Kou, Kaikai Fu, Hua He, Hongbin Ju
BACKGROUND: Central nervous system (CNS) tuberculoma is a rare disease with severe neurological deficits. This retrospective research is to review the data of patients diagnosed as CNS tuberculoma. Surgeries were performed in all patients. The clinical features especially the neurological image and the anatomical characters of the tuberculomas were concerned. METHODS: Totally 11 patients diagnosed as CNS tuberculoma were admitted in Guangzhou First People's Hospital (7cases) and Changzheng Hospital (4 cases) during 2006-2015...
January 18, 2018: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346507/activity-and-safety-of-afatinib-in-a-window-pre-operative-eortc-study-in-patients-with-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-head-and-neck-scchn
#12
J P Machiels, P Bossi, J Menis, M Lia, C Fortpied, Y Liu, R Lhommel, M Lemort, S Schmitz, S Canevari, L De Cecco, M Guzzo, R Bianchi, P Quattrone, F Crippa, T Duprez, Y Lalami, M Quiriny, N de Saint Aubain, P M Clement, R Coropciuc, E Hauben, L F Licitra
Background: To investigate the activity and safety of afatinib in the pre-operative treatment of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN). Patients and methods: This study was an open-label, randomized, multicenter, phase II window of opportunity trial. Treatment-naïve SCCHN patients selected for primary curative surgery were randomized (5:1 ratio) to receive afatinib during 14 days (day -15 until day -1) before surgery (day 0) or no treatment. Tumor biopsies, 2-[fluorine-18]-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were performed at diagnosis and just before surgery...
January 15, 2018: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345605/histopathological-evaluation-of-aortic-coarctation-after-conventional-balloon-angioplasty-in-neonates
#13
Atakan Atalay, Aysenur Pac, Tugba Avci, Neslihan İnci Zengin, Nadide Demir Amac, Deniz Eris, Irfan Tasoglu, Mustafa Pac
BACKGROUND: Optimal management strategy for native aortic coarctation in neonates and young infants is still a matter of debate. The surgical procedure, histopathologic research, and clinical outcome in 15 neonates who underwent surgery after successful balloon angioplasty is the basis of this study. METHOD: Between 01 October, 2014 and 01 August, 2017, we enrolled 15 patients with native aortic coarctation for this study. These patients had complications regarding recoarctation, following balloon angioplasty intervention at our institute and other centres...
January 18, 2018: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345510/preliminary-evaluation-of-the-viability-of-peritoneal-drainage-catheters-implanted-in-rats-for-extended-durations
#14
Nathan Legband, Arielle Black, Craig Kreikemeier-Bower, Benjamin S Terry
Purpose/Aim: In developing a novel peritoneal oxygenation therapy, catheters implanted into the peritoneal cavity became obstructed with omental tissue and prevented the infusion and removal of fluid from the peritoneal cavity. The obstruction of peritoneal catheters is a significant failure in researching various peritoneal treatments as further fluid administration is no longer possible. The purpose of this preliminary study was to determine the most effective catheter design for infusion and removal of fluid into the peritoneal cavity of rats...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345326/live-animal-imaging-of-renal-function-by-multiphoton-microscopy
#15
Kenneth W Dunn, Timothy A Sutton, Ruben M Sandoval
Intravital microscopy, microscopy of living animals, is a powerful research technique that combines the resolution and sensitivity found in microscopic studies of cultured cells with the relevance and systemic influences of cells in the context of the intact animal. The power of intravital microscopy has recently been extended with the development of multiphoton fluorescence microscopy systems capable of collecting optical sections from deep within the kidney at subcellular resolution, supporting high-resolution characterizations of the structure and function of glomeruli, tubules, and vasculature in the living kidney...
January 18, 2018: Current Protocols in Cytometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344522/intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasms-of-the-pancreas-strategic-considerations
#16
Vicente Morales-Oyarvide, Zhi Ven Fong, Carlos Fernández-Del Castillo, Andrew L Warshaw
Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMN) are cystic neoplasms with the potential for progression to pancreatic cancer. Recognized by the global medical community just over two decades ago, IPMN have gained great epidemiological and clinical relevance thanks to the widespread use of cross-sectional abdominal imaging, which has led to a surge in the number of incidental pancreatic cysts being diagnosed. As our understanding of this disease has improved, we now know that some IPMN have a very elevated risk of cancer and require surgical resection, while others are low-risk lesions and can be followed...
December 2017: Visceral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344400/the-nursing-legacy-of-the-korea-sisters
#17
Jan-Thore Lockertsen, Åshild Fause
Aim: During the Korean War (1950-1953), the Norwegian government sent a Mobile Army Surgical Hospital (MASH) to support the efforts of the United Nations (UN) Army. During the war, 111 Norwegian nurses served in seven contingents, each 6 month, at the Norwegian Field Hospital in Korea. The nurses were nicknamed "The Korea Sisters". The aim of this study is to explore the impact and influence of their wartime nursing on Norwegian post-Korean-War nursing. Design: Qualitative...
January 2018: Nursing Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343582/hiv-replication-and-latency-in-a-humanized-nsg-mouse-model-during-suppressive-oral-combinational-art
#18
Sangeetha Satheesan, Haitang Li, John C Burnett, Mayumi Takahashi, Shasha Li, Shiny Xiaqin Wu, Timothy W Synold, John J Rossi, Jiehua Zhou
Although current combinatorial antiretroviral therapy (cART) is therapeutically effective in the majority of HIV patients, interruption of therapy can cause a rapid rebound in viremia, demonstrating the existence of a stable reservoir of latently infected cells. HIV latency is therefore considered a primary barrier to HIV eradication. Identifying, quantifying, and purging the HIV reservoir is crucial to effectively curing patients and relieving them from the lifelong requirement for therapy. Latently infected transformed cell models have been used to investigate HIV latency; however, they cannot accurately represent the quiescent cellular environment of primary latently infected cells in vivo...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342830/methods-to-improve-osseointegration-of-dental-implants-in-low-quality-type-iv-bone-an-overview
#19
REVIEW
Hamdan S Alghamdi
Nowadays, dental implants have become more common treatment for replacing missing teeth and aim to improve chewing efficiency, physical health, and esthetics. The favorable clinical performance of dental implants has been attributed to their firm osseointegration, as introduced by Brånemark in 1965. Although the survival rate of dental implants over a 10-year observation has been reported to be higher than 90% in totally edentulous jaws, the clinical outcome of implant treatment is challenged in compromised (bone) conditions, as are frequently present in elderly people...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341162/impact-of-genomics-on-the-surgical-management-of-melanoma
#20
REVIEW
P M Ferguson, G V Long, R A Scolyer, J F Thompson
BACKGROUND: Although surgery for early-stage melanoma offers the best chance of cure, recent advances in molecular medicine have revolutionized the management of late-stage melanoma, leading to significant improvements in clinical outcomes. Research into the genomic drivers of disease and cancer immunology has not only ushered in a new era of targeted and immune-based therapies for patients with metastatic melanoma, but has also provided new tools for monitoring disease recurrence and selecting therapeutic strategies...
January 2018: British Journal of Surgery
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