keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Surgical research

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782913/statewide-collaborative-to-reduce-surgical-site-infection-results-of-the-hawaii-surgical-unit-based-safety-program
#1
Della M Lin, Kathryn A Carson, Lisa H Lubomski, Elizabeth C Wick, Julius Cuong Pham
BACKGROUND: Surgical Site Infections (SSI) after colorectal surgery are common, lead to patient harm, and are costly to the healthcare system. This study's purpose was to evaluate the effectiveness of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Safety Program for Surgery in Hawaii. STUDY DESIGN: This pre-post cohort study involved 100% of 15 hospitals in Hawaii from January 2013-June 2015. The intervention was a statewide implementation of the Comprehensive-Unit-based-Safety-Program (CUSP) and individualized bundles of interventions to reduce SSI...
May 3, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782345/precision-surgery-for-obesity
#2
Zhiyong Dong, Sheikh Mohammed Shariful Islam, Enan Simms-Walker, Cunchuan Wang
Precision medicine is targeted towards improving the effectiveness of treatment, reducing the side effects of drugs and reducing medical costs. The application of precision surgery for obesity is a new concept that involves 2 stages: the first stage is to attain a precise obesity surgery, and the second stage is to achieve individualized obese gene therapy. In this article, we discuss the value of precision surgery for obesity, its stages and its future application to improve obesity surgery. Due to recent advancements in medical technologies, genetics, surgical and clinical research; precision surgery for obesity will lead the future of obesity surgery...
May 16, 2018: American Journal of Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782304/role-of-in-vivo-reflectance-confocal-microscopy-in-the-analysis-of-melanocytic-lesions
#3
Elena-Daniela Serban, Francesca Farnetani, Giovanni Pellacani, Maria Magdalena Constantin
Worldwide melanoma incidence and mortality are increasing (1). Despite the ongoing research, advanced melanoma is still incurable; therefore, the most appropriate solution seems to be early detection combined with complete surgical excision (2). Since the diagnostic protocol of suspicious lesions includes a complete excision with safety margins (2), the problem of unnecessary scarring is significant. The real challenge in this case is to have a properly formulated diagnosis before acquiring a biopsy. Currently available non-invasive techniques are coherence tomography, digital dermoscopy, and reflectance confocal microscopy...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781999/preparation-of-murine-submandibular-salivary-gland-for-upright-intravital-microscopy
#4
Xenia Ficht, Flavian Thelen, Bettina Stolp, Jens V Stein
The submandibular salivary gland (SMG) is one of the three major salivary glands, and is of interest for many different fields of biological research, including cell biology, oncology, dentistry, and immunology. The SMG is an exocrine gland comprised of secretory epithelial cells, myofibroblasts, endothelial cells, nerves, and extracellular matrix. Dynamic cellular processes in the rat and mouse SMG have previously been imaged, mostly using inverted multi-photon microscope systems. Here, we describe a straightforward protocol for the surgical preparation and stabilization of the murine SMG in anesthetized mice for in vivo imaging with upright multi-photon microscope systems...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781362/the-era-of-the-large-databases-outcomes-after-gastroesophageal-surgery-according-to-nsqip-nis-and-ncdb-databases-systematic-literature-review
#5
Gabriela Batista Rodríguez, Andrea Balla, Sonia Fernández-Ananín, Carmen Balagué, Eduard M Targarona
BACKGROUND: The term big data refers to databases that include large amounts of information used in various areas of knowledge. Currently, there are large databases that allow the evaluation of postoperative evolution, such as the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP), the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) National Inpatient Sample (NIS), and the National Cancer Database (NCDB). The aim of this review was to evaluate the clinical impact of information obtained from these registries regarding gastroesophageal surgery...
May 1, 2018: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780840/radial-tears-of-the-lateral-meniscus-two-novel-repair-techniques-a-biomechanical-study
#6
Zachary C Stender, Allison M Cracchiolo, Michael P Walsh, David P Patterson, Matthew J Wilusz, Stephen E Lemos
Background: A common treatment for radial tears of the meniscus has historically been partial meniscectomy. Owing to the poor outcomes associated with partial meniscectomy, repair of the meniscus is an important treatment option. It is important to evaluate different repair techniques for radial tears of the meniscus. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to evaluate 2 novel techniques to repair radial tears of the lateral meniscus. The 2 techniques were compared biomechanically with the cross-suture method with an inside-out technique...
April 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780229/long-term-follow-up-of-motor-function-deterioration-following-microsurgical-resection-of-middle-third-parasagittal-and-falx-meningioma
#7
Ashraf Ahmad Elzarief, Mohamed Fouad Ibrahim
Background: Incidence of parasagittal meningioma varies in literature; it ranges from 16.8% to 25.6% of intracranial meningioma. Parafalcine meningioma accounts for about 8.5% of intracranial meningioma. Based on their relation to the superior Sagittal sinus and falx, these tumors had been classified into 3 groups; anterior third located between crista galli and coronal suture, middle third located between coronal and lambdoid sutures, and posterior third located posterior to lambdoid suture...
2018: Egypt J Neurol Psychiatr Neurosurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780209/near-infrared-fluorescence-image-guidance-in-plastic-surgery-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Anouk J M Cornelissen, Tom J M van Mulken, Caitlin Graupner, Shan S Qiu, Xavier H A Keuter, René R W J van der Hulst, Rutger M Schols
Background: Near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) imaging technique, after administration of contrast agents with fluorescent characteristics in the near-infrared (700-900 nm) range, is considered to possess great potential for the future of plastic surgery, given its capacity for perioperative, real-time anatomical guidance and identification. This study aimed to provide a comprehensive literature review concerning current and potential future applications of NIRF imaging in plastic surgery, thereby guiding future research...
2018: European Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780006/investigation-of-the-applicability-of-a-rapid-diagnosis-test-in-the-diagnosis-of-cystic-echinococcosis
#9
Sema Ertuğ, Serçin Özlem Çalışkan, Erdoğan Malatyalı, Hatice Ertabaklar
OBJECTIVE: Echinococcus granulosus, the etiological agent of cystic echinococcosis (CE) in humans and livestock, is a widely distributed zoonotic pathogen tapeworm. The infection is transmitted to humans by the ingestion of E. granulosus eggs released in the feces of definitive hosts such as dogs. The larval stage of the parasite develops a slowly enlarging cyst in the visceral organs, particularly in the liver and/or lung. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of an immunochromatographic test (ICT) for CE...
May 21, 2018: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779783/readmission-to-the-intensive-care-unit-following-cardiac-surgery-a-derived-and-validated-risk-prediction-model-in-4-869-patients
#10
Rebekah Thomson, Nick Fletcher, Oswaldo Valencia, Vivek Sharma
OBJECTIVE: To derive and validate a clinical risk index that can predict readmission to the intensive care unit (ICU) after cardiac surgery. DESIGN: Retrospective nonrandomized study to determine the perioperative variables associated with risk of readmission to the ICU after cardiac surgery. SETTING: The study was carried out in a single university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: This was an analysis of 4,869 consecutive adult patients...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779683/strabismus-strabismus-surgery-and-reoperation-rate-in-the-united-states-analysis-from-the-iris-registry
#11
Michael X Repka, Flora Lum, Bhavya Burugapalli
PURPOSE: To describe the rates of strabismus, strabismus surgery, and strabismus surgery reoperations among all age groups in the United States. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of electronic health record data. PARTICIPANTS: Patients from the IRIS (Intelligent Research in Sight) Registry. METHODS: Description of the types and rates of strabismus and strabismus surgery from 2013 to 2016 with subgroups by age, sex, race/ethnicity, and region of the United States...
May 17, 2018: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779583/mouse-models-of-peripheral-metabolic-disease
#12
REVIEW
Gabriela da Silva Xavier, David J Hodson
Metabolic disease risk is driven by defects in the function of cells that regulate energy homeostasis, as well as altered communication between the different tissues or organs that these cells occupy. Thus, it is desirable to use model organisms to understand the contribution of different cells, tissues and organs to metabolism. Mice are widely used for metabolic research, since well-characterised mouse strains (in terms of their genotype and phenotype) allow comparative studies and human disease modelling...
June 2018: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779580/animal-models-of-endometriosis-replicating-the-aetiology-and-symptoms-of-the-human-disorder
#13
REVIEW
Ioannis Simitsidellis, Douglas A Gibson, Philippa T K Saunders
Endometriosis is a chronic incurable disorder that affects 1 in 10 women of reproductive age: associated symptoms include chronic pain and infertility. The aetiology of endometriosis remains poorly understood but patients, clinicians and researchers are all in agreement that new non-surgical therapies are urgently needed to reduce the severity of symptoms. Preclinical testing of drugs requires the development and validation of models that recapitulate the key features of the disorder. In this review we describe the best-validated animal models (primate, rodent, xenograft) and their contributions to our understanding of the factors underpinning the development of symptoms...
June 2018: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779575/thirty-day-readmissions-in-surgical-and-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Stein Ove Danielsen, Philip Moons, Irene Sandven, Marit Leegaard, Svein Solheim, Theis Tønnessen, Irene Lie
BACKGROUND: The 30-day all-cause readmission rate after surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) and transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) vary substantially. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine the overall incidence, causes, and risk factors of 30-day all-cause readmission rate after SAVR and TAVR. METHODS: Eight medical research databases were searched; Cochrane, Medline, Embase, UpToDate, PROSPERO, National Guideline Clearinghouse, SweMed and Oria...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779306/-surgical-and-comprehensive-treatment-for-intrahepatic-cholangiocarcinoma-patients-from-the-perspective-of-tumor-heterogeneity
#15
Z H Tang, Z W Quan
Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma(ICC) is generally found late along with extremely poor prognosis and lack of effective and standardized treatment. Tremendous heterogeneities exist in onset factors, geographic distribution, clinical manifestation, and biological characteristics of ICC patients. However, the relevant causes and mechanisms have not been clearly illustrated. Recent studies indicate that the diverse celluar origins of ICC, including liver cells, bile duct epithelial cells, glandular cells around the duct, and liver stem cells, etc...
May 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779305/-expert-consensus-on-standardized-processes-of-ambulatory-biliary-surgery-2018-edition
#16
(no author information available yet)
The definition of ambulatory surgery is that the patient is admitted, operated and discharged within a day (24 hours) , but does not include outpatient surgery. It can shorten the average hospital stay, reduce medical expenses, accelerate the recovery of patients, and has been approved to have great social and economic benefits.The main contents of this consensus include: (1)the establishment of ambulatory biliary surgery system, which involves the facilities building, team building, the construction of management systems, operation management, operation state analysis and benefit evaluation; (2)Patient selection criteria, pre-hospital assessment, surgical scheduling, preoperative education, anesthesia and management of adverse reactions after anesthesia, intraoperative application of general surgical principles and postoperative emergency plans, perioperative nursing; (3)Discharge criteria and pre-discharge assessment, post-discharge follow-up and rehabilitation guidance; (4) quality and safety control index system of ambulatory biliary surgery...
May 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779288/-advances-in-surgical-techniques-of-periodontal-corticotomy
#17
Si-Yu Wang, Zhen-Dong Wang, Bin Yan
The number of adults seeking orthodontic treatment is increasing. Shortening the course of orthodontic treatment has become a research hotspot in recent years. Methods of accelerating tooth movement have been reported. Theoretical and clinical studies have confirmed that periodontal corticotomy is effective in accelerating tooth movement and increasing osteogenic potential. Many surgical techniques of periodontal corticotomy have been developed. This review summarizes the history of periodontal corticotomy and the development of the surgical techniques in recent years, thereby providing references for the clinical application of corticotomy...
April 1, 2018: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778092/magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-detecting-root-avulsions-in-traumatic-adult-brachial-plexus-injuries-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-of-diagnostic-accuracy
#18
Ryckie G Wade, Yemisi Takwoingi, Justin C R Wormald, John P Ridgway, Steven Tanner, James J Rankine, Grainne Bourke
BACKGROUND: Adult brachial plexus injuries (BPI) are becoming more common. The reconstruction and prognosis of pre-ganglionic injuries (root avulsions) are different to other types of BPI injury. Preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is being used to identify root avulsions, but the evidence from studies of its diagnostic accuracy are conflicting. Therefore, a systematic review is needed to address uncertainty about the accuracy of MRI and to guide future research. METHODS: We will conduct a systematic search of electronic databases alongside reference tracking...
May 19, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777795/sirna-in-ovarian-cancer-delivery-strategies-and-targets-for-therapy
#19
REVIEW
Dirk van den Brand, Vicky Mertens, Leon F A G Massuger, Roland Brock
Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is the most lethal gynecological malignancy, and the sixth leading cause of cancer related death in women overall. Despite improved surgical techniques and advances in chemotherapy, mortality hardly decreased over the last twenty years. The major problem is that (micro)metastases persevere in the abdominal cavity, causing incurable tumor recurrence. Therefore, there is an imminent need for new therapeutic strategies. Oligonucleotide (ON) based therapies such as RNA interference (RNAi) provide the possibility to specifically address disease-related pathways...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777351/development-of-a-patient-reported-outcome-measure-of-recovery-after-abdominal-surgery-a-hypothesized-conceptual-framework
#20
Roshni Alam, Sabrina M Figueiredo, Saba Balvardi, Bénédicte Nauche, Tara Landry, Lawrence Lee, Nancy E Mayo, Liane S Feldman, Julio F Fiore
BACKGROUND: We initiated a research program to develop a novel patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) to assess postoperative recovery from the perspective of abdominal surgery patients. In light of FDA recommendations, the first stage of our program aimed to, based on previous literature and expert input, develop a hypothesized conceptual framework portraying the health domains that are potentially relevant to the process of recovery after abdominal surgery. METHODS: This study was conducted in three phases: (1) systematic review to identify PROMs with measurement properties appraised in the context of recovery after abdominal surgery, (2) content analysis to categorize the health domains covered by the PROMs according to the ICF, and (3) two-round Delphi study to gain expert input regarding which of these health domains are relevant to the process of recovery...
May 17, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
keyword
keyword
40383
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"