keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Surgical research

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227665/hardware-design-for-a-cable-free-fully-insertable-wireless-laparoscopic-robotic-camera
#1
Ning Li, Gregory J Mancini, Jindong Tan, Ning Li, Gregory J Mancini, Jindong Tan, Gregory J Mancini, Ning Li, Jindong Tan
The field of insertable laparoscopic robotic camera is gaining increasing attentions from researchers, surgeons, and also patients. Although many insertable laparoscope prototypes have been introduced, few of them get rid of the encumbrance tethering cable. In this paper, we proposed a hardware architecture for a magnetic actuated robotic surgical (MARS) camera, which facilitates a cable-free fully insertable laparoscopic surgical robotic camera with adequate in-vivo mobility. Modular design and preliminary test of on-board functional payloads have shown feasibility of a cable-free insertable wireless laparoscopic surgical camera based on off-the-shelf electronics and industrial wireless standards operating in ISM frequency bands at 2...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225742/review-of-military-and-civilian-trauma-registries-does-consensus-matter
#2
Thijs T C F van Dongen, Johan de Graaf, Eelco P Huizinga, Howard R Champion, Rigo Hoencamp, Luke P H Leenen
BACKGROUND: Structural collection of data from combat injuries is important to improve provided care and the outcome of (combat) casualties. Trauma registries are used in civilian and military health care systems for systematic administration of injury data. However, these registries often use different methods of data management, compromising international comparison of trauma systems. The aim of this review is to aid in reaching international (coalition-wide) consensus for compatible data collection methods with uniform definitions, which is needed for transnational research and subsequent improvement of medical support organizations...
March 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225738/pneumatosis-intestinalis-predictive-evaluation-study-a-multicenter-epidemiologic-study-of-the-american-association-for-the-surgery-of-trauma
#3
Paula Ferrada, Rachael Callcut, Graciela Bauza, Karen R O'Bosky, Xian Luo-Owen, Nicky J Mansfield, Kenji Inaba, Jason Pasley, Nikolay Bugaev, Bruno Pereira, Forrest O Moore, Jinfeng Han, Amelia Pasley, Joseph DuBose
BACKGROUND: Our group has previously published a retrospective review defining variables predictive of transmural bowel ischemia in the setting of pneumatosis intestinalis (PI). We hypothesize this prospective study will confirm the findings of the retrospective review, enhancing legitimacy to the predictive factors for pathologic PI previously highlighted. METHODS: Data were collected using the Research Electronic Data Capture. Forward logistic regression was utilized to identify independent predictors for pathologic PI...
March 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225711/reactive-oxygen-therapy-a-novel-therapy-in-soft-tissue-infection
#4
Matthew Dryden
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The global burden of disease in skin and soft tissue lesions is enormous. Many chronic, poorly healing lesions get treated with antibiotics despite the lack of evidence for long-term antibiotics. There is a global antibiotic resistance crisis driven largely by inappropriate use of large volumes of antibiotics. One solution is to reduce the selection pressure on bacteria by reducing the volume of antibiotic use in medicine, agriculture and the environment. There are few novel antimicrobials...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225317/the-appropriate-time-for-closed-reduction-using-local-anesthesia-in-arytenoid-dislocation-caused-by-intubation-a-clinical-research
#5
Zhewei Lou, Zhihong Lin
CONCLUSION: Closed reduction is effective and safe for the treatment of arytenoid dislocation, and the selection of an appropriate time window to perform closed reduction is crucial in achieving relatively stable treatment outcomes and short treatment duration. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether there is an appropriate time window to perform closed reduction for unilateral arytenoid dislocation caused by intubation. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was carried out for the cases collected from September 2014 to May 2016 at Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University, China...
March 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224630/the-current-status-of-human-laryngeal-transplantation-in-2017-a-state-of-the-field-review
#6
REVIEW
Giri Krishnan, Charles Du, Jonathan M Fishman, Andrew Foreman, David G Lott, Gregory Farwell, Peter Belafsky, Suren Krishnan, Martin A Birchall
OBJECTIVES: Human laryngeal allotransplantation has long been contemplated as a surgical option following laryngectomy, but there is a paucity of information regarding the indications, surgical procedure, and patient outcomes. Our objectives were to identify all human laryngeal allotransplants that have been undertaken and reported in the English literature and to evaluate the success of the procedure. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, Embase, Current Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Web of Science and Scopus, and the Gray literature...
February 22, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224208/-prevention-of-postoperative-infections-evidence-based-principles
#7
F Pianka, A L Mihaljevic
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections (SSI) are one of the most frequent postoperative complications worldwide and preventive measures are still an important research topic. High infection rates are not uncommon, especially in visceral surgery. At the same time, frequently not all evidence-based measures are carried out in a standardized manner. The aim of this article is to summarize the relevant literature on evidence-based measures for prevention of SSI. Although evidence-based medicine has already become well-established in surgery, the opinion of experts often still prevails...
February 21, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224200/plain-radiographs-can-be-used-for-routine-assessment-of-acl-reconstruction-tunnel-position-with-three-dimensional-imaging-reserved-for-research-and-revision-surgery
#8
REVIEW
Jonathan David Kosy, Vipul I Mandalia
PURPOSE: The position of the osseous tunnels and graft during anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction has been the subject of multiple studies aiming for either anatomical placement or an alternative. The assessment of these positions, using post-operative imaging, is therefore of interest to the surgeon in both the evaluation of surgical performance and surveillance of potential complications. The purpose of this review is to identify the optimal use of imaging in both the surveillance of clinical practice and in planning revision surgery...
February 21, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224049/the-role-of-topical-antiseptic-agents-within-antimicrobial-stewardship-strategies-for-prevention-and-treatment-of-surgical-site-and-chronic-open-wound-infection
#9
Christopher D Roberts, David J Leaper, Ojan Assadian
Scope and Significance: The topical use of antiseptics for wound care has a role in an antimicrobial stewardship strategy. However, the details of this role need clarification. Further clinical research into the use of topical antiseptics in wound care would lower the risk of furthering antibiotic resistance and contribute to more effective antibiotic use. As part of this research, experimental and surveillance data are needed on the resistance and tolerance patterns associated with topical antiseptic use in wound infections...
February 1, 2017: Advances in Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223858/the-therapeutic-usage-of-botulinum-toxin-botox-in-non-cosmetic-head-and-neck-conditions-an-evidence-based-review
#10
REVIEW
Kamran Habib Awan
Botulinum toxin (Botox) is an exotoxin produced from Clostridium botulinum. It blocks the release of acetylcholine from the cholinergic nerve end plates resulting in inactivity of the muscles or glands innervated. The efficacy of Botox in facial aesthetics is well established; however, recent literature has highlighted its utilization in multiple non-cosmetic medical and surgical conditions. The present article reviews the current evidence pertaining to Botox use in the non-cosmetic head and neck conditions...
January 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223854/mohs-surgical-reconstruction-educational-activity-a-resident-education-tool
#11
Julie A Croley, C Helen Malone, Brandon P Goodwin, Linda G Phillips, Eric L Cole, Richard F Wagner
BACKGROUND: Surgical reconstructive planning following Mohs surgery can be a difficult subject for dermatology residents to master. Prior research demonstrates that active learning is preferred and more effective compared to passive learning models and that dermatology residents desire greater complexity and volume in surgical training. We present a novel, active, problem-based learning tool for the education of Mohs reconstruction with the goal of improving residents' ability to plan surgical reconstructions...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223450/raising-the-alarmone-within-host-evolution-of-antibiotic-tolerant-enterococcus-faecium
#12
Daria Van Tyne, Michael S Gilmore
Enterococci are ancient commensal bacteria that recently emerged as leading causes of antibiotic-resistant, hospital-acquired infection. Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) epitomize why drug-resistant enterococcal infections are a problem: VRE readily colonize the antibiotic-perturbed gastrointestinal (GI) tract where they amplify to large numbers, and from there, they infect other body sites, including the bloodstream, urinary tract, and surgical wounds. VRE are resistant to many antimicrobials and host defenses, which facilitates establishment at the site of infection and confounds therapeutic clearance...
February 21, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222076/systematic-review-of-hospital-readmissions-among-patients-with-cancer-in-the-united-states
#13
Janice F Bell, Robin L Whitney, Sarah C Reed, Hermine Poghosyan, Rebecca S Lash, Katherine K Kim, Andra Davis, Richard J Bold, Jill G Joseph
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To review the existing literature on readmission rates, predictors, and reasons for readmission among adults with cancer.
. DATA SOURCES: U.S.-based empirical studies reporting readmission rates from January 2005 to December 2015 were identified using four online library databases-PubMed, CINAHL®, EconLit, and the online bibliography of the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results Program. Some articles were identified by the authors outside the database and bibliography searches...
March 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221665/totally-percutaneous-versus-surgical-cut-down-femoral-artery-access-for-elective-bifurcated-abdominal-endovascular-aneurysm-repair
#14
REVIEW
Madelaine Gimzewska, Alexander Ir Jackson, Su Ern Yeoh, Mike Clarke
BACKGROUND: Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) are a vascular condition with significant risk attached, particularly if they rupture. It is, therefore, critical to identify and repair these as an elective procedure before they rupture and require emergency surgery. Repair has traditionally been an open surgical technique that required a large incision across the abdomen. Endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repairs (EVARs) are now a common alternative. In this procedure, the common femoral artery is exposed via a cut-down approach and a graft introduced to the aneurysm in this way...
February 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220268/anterolateral-ligament-expert-group-consensus-paper-on-the-management-of-internal-rotation-and-instability-of-the-anterior-cruciate-ligament-deficient-knee
#15
REVIEW
Bertrand Sonnery-Cottet, Matthew Daggett, Jean-Marie Fayard, Andrea Ferretti, Camilo Partezani Helito, Martin Lind, Edoardo Monaco, Vitor Barion Castro de Pádua, Mathieu Thaunat, Adrian Wilson, Stefano Zaffagnini, Jacco Zijl, Steven Claes
Purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the latest research on the anterolateral ligament (ALL) and present the consensus of the ALL Expert Group on the anatomy, radiographic landmarks, biomechanics, clinical and radiographic diagnosis, lesion classification, surgical technique and clinical outcomes. A consensus on controversial subjects surrounding the ALL and anterolateral knee instability has been established based on the opinion of experts, the latest publications on the subject and an exchange of experiences during the ALL Experts Meeting (November 2015, Lyon, France)...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219309/injury-of-the-infrapatellar-branch-of-the-saphenous-nerve-due-to-hamstring-graft-harvest
#16
Serkan Sipahioglu, Sinan Zehir, Baran Sarikaya, Ali Levent
PURPOSE: Sensory disturbance around the surgical incision due to injury of the infrapatellar branch of the saphenous nerve can be seen in the anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. In this research, we aimed to compare the incidence, extent of sensory loss, its clinical effect, and natural course caused by two different skin incisions used for hamstring graft harvest. METHODS: Vertical incision for 36 patients and oblique incision for 42 patients used for graft harvest were included in this study...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219138/-lay-further-emphasis-on-cause-analysis-and-non-surgical-treatment-of-chronic-refractory-wound
#17
G Z Lyu, M L Yang
There are many pathogenic correlation factors of chronic refractory wound. Due to the complexity and particularity of the causes of wounds and lack of a standard diagnosis guide, it is hard to treat this kind of wound. Based on our recent scientific research data and the relative research at home and abroad in the present, we systematically analyze and summarize the causes and non-surgical treatment of chronic refractory wound in this article.
February 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219090/quality-of-life-outcomes-of-patients-following-patellofemoral-stabilization-surgery-the-influence-of-trochlear-dysplasia
#18
Laurie Anne Hiemstra, Sarah Kerslake, Mark R Lafave
Trochlear dysplasia is a well-described risk factor for recurrent patellofemoral instability. Despite its clear association with the incidence of patellofemoral instability, it is unclear whether the presence of high-grade trochlear dysplasia influences clinical outcome after patellofemoral stabilization. The purpose of this study was to assess whether trochlear dysplasia influenced patient-reported, disease-specific outcomes in surgically treated patellar instability patients, when risk factors were addressed in accordance with the à la carte surgical approach to the treatment of patellofemoral instability...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Knee Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218554/the-scandcleft-randomised-trials-of-primary-surgery-for-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate-11-what-next
#19
William Shaw, Gunvor Semb
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Longstanding uncertainty surrounds the selection of surgical protocols for unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP), and randomised trials have only occasionally been performed. The Scandcleft Project consists of three trials initiated in 1997. The results at age 5 have been published in the series of reports that precede this manuscript, which aims to distill some of the issues that future trialists may need to address. METHOD: The shared experience of this group of trials is reviewed with reference to the current literature on trial management and, more specifically, trials of surgical technique and timing...
February 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218223/comparison-of-different-periodontal-healing-of-critical-size-noncontained-and-contained-intrabony-defects-in-beagles
#20
Sheng-Qi Zang, Shuai Kang, Xin Hu, Meng Wang, Xin-Wen Wang, Tao Zhou, Qin-Tao Wang
BACKGROUND: Regenerative techniques help promote the formation of new attachment and bone filling in periodontal defects. However, the dimensions of intraosseous defects are a key determinant of periodontal regeneration outcomes. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of use of anorganic bovine bone (ABB) graft in combination with collagen membrane (CM), to facilitate healing of noncontained (1-wall) and contained (3-wall) critical size periodontal defects. METHODS: The study began on March 2013, and was completed on May 2014...
2017: Chinese Medical Journal
keyword
keyword
40383
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"