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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869828/gaps-in-the-ice-methamphetamine-in-australia-its-history-treatment-and-ramifications-for-users-and-their-families
#1
Douglas Greg Gordon, Gideon de Jong
It is now well-established that Australia has a significant issue with methamphetamine. Recent dramatic changes in manufacturing have led to significant shifts in both the patterns of use and the relative purity of this illicit drug, with the crystalline form of methamphetamine commonly referred to as 'ice'. Excessive use not only impacts on those taking the drug, but also takes a heavy toll on their families. With few effective treatment options currently available, there is a strong focus on developing replacement pharmacotherapies and examining the efficacy of outpatient counselling and residential treatment options...
June 5, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868687/popular-musician-responses-to-mental-health-treatment
#2
Lloyd Berg, Benjamin King, Jessica Koenig, Roger L McRoberts
OBJECTIVE: Popular (i.e., nonclassical) musicians have higher rates of mental health disorders and mental health service utilization than the general population. Little is known, however, about how popular musicians perceive mental health interventions in terms of overall satisfaction and therapeutic benefit. METHODS: An online client satisfaction survey was sent to all musicians and family members who received mental health services through a nonprofit mental health organization in Austin, Texas, between July 2014 and June 2015 (n=628)...
June 2018: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779146/food-addiction-orthorexia-and-food-related-stress-among-dietetics-students
#3
Maria G Grammatikopoulou, Konstantinos Gkiouras, Anastasia Markaki, Xenophon Theodoridis, Vasiliki Tsakiri, Pantelis Mavridis, Theodore Dardavessis, Michael Chourdakis
PURPOSE: Health sciences, and in particular Nutrition and Dietetics students, have been shown to exhibit an increased prevalence of disordered eating. The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to evaluate other specified feeding and eating disorders (OSFEDs), including stress-related eating, food addiction, and orthorexia, in relation to the dietary intake, among nutrition/dietetics students. METHODS: A total of 176 undergraduate students from a Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, in Greece, participated in the study...
May 19, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758572/-telephone-counseling-for-pathological-gamblers-as-immediate-access-to-the-health-care-system-acceptance-and-use-of-the-mainzer-behavioral-addiction-helpline
#4
Rebecca Aster, Anke Quack, Martin Wejbera, Manfred E Beutel
OBJECTIVE: Despite extensive psychosocial consequences, just a small number of pathological gamblers participates in counseling or treatment. Telephone helplines should facilitate pathological gamblers' access to the health care system. There is a lack of research on the use and the effects of such facilities in Germany. The present research focuses on the question whether telephone helplines facilitate pathological gamblers' access to the health care system. METHOD: All first time calls due to a gambling problem received by the behavioral addiction helpline of the University Medical Center Mainz between 2013 and 2016 were analyzed by SPSS...
May 14, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744085/bleachorexia-an-addictive-behavior-to-tooth-bleaching-a-case-report
#5
Denzel Kun-Tsung Lee, Cameron Kastl, Daniel C N Chan
Bleachorexia, addiction to tooth bleaching, is a behavioral disorder similar to anorexia. The patient feels that their teeth are always not white enough and continues to use whiteners to obtain a "perfect" smile. Such behavior falls under the category of a body dysmorphic disorder and may need medical counseling.
May 2018: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741217/the-effect-of-implementing-a-tobacco-treatment-service-on-adherence-to-evidence-based-practice-in-an-inpatient-state-owned-psychiatric-hospital
#6
Chizimuzo T C Okoli, Yazan D Al-Mrayat, Barbara Stead
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) requires reporting of specific tobacco treatment (TT) measures. We examined compliance to these measures before and after initiation of a specialized TT service in a state-psychiatric hospital. METHODS: Using a retrospective analysis, patient records (N = 3669) were examined, using one-way ANOVAs, for changes in rates of tobacco use screening and treatment between September-December 2015 (pre-implementation of CMS requirements), and January-April, May-August, and September-December 2016 (post-implementation of the CMS requirements)...
May 9, 2018: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704954/a-systematic-review-of-opioid-use-after-extremity-trauma-in-orthopedic-surgery
#7
REVIEW
Rikki M Koehler, Ugochi C Okoroafor, Lisa K Cannada
BACKGROUND: The United States is in a prescription opioid crisis. Orthopedic surgeons prescribe more opioid narcotics than any other surgical specialty. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the state of opioid use after extremity trauma in orthopedic surgery. METHODS: A computerized literature search of PubMed/MEDLINE was conducted to evaluate the status of opioids after extremity fractures. Six articles were identified and included in the review. RESULTS: Patients who consume more opioids communicate greater pain intensity and less satisfaction with pain control...
April 12, 2018: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678050/evaluation-of-the-technology-acceptance-of-a-collaborative-documentation-system-for-addiction-therapists-and-clients
#8
Anja Perlich, Christoph Meinel, Daniel Zeis
Addiction treatment outcomes are strongly determined by relational factors. We present the interactive documentation system Tele-Board MED (TBM) developed as an adjunct to therapy sessions aimed at enhancing the therapeutic alliance and patient empowerment. The objective of this work is to find factors that predict the acceptance of TBM in face-to-face addiction treatment sessions. We combined the methodologies of survey and focus group and based the data collection and analysis on the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670549/educational-and-behavioral-counseling-in-a-methadone-maintenance-treatment-program-in-china-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Pulin Liu, Ranran Song, Yao Zhang, Cheng Liu, Bingxi Cai, Xuebing Liu, Jiaoyuan Li, Xueqin Chen, Juntao Ke, Jiao Lou, Wei Chen, Beibei Zhu, Li Zou, Yang Yang, Ying Zhu, Yajie Gong, Rong Zhong, Xiaoping Miao
Introduction: Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) programs have been rapidly scaled up nationwide in China in recent years, and psychosocial intervention measures, including counseling, were recommended for improving the outcomes of MMT. However, the effectiveness of counseling in MMT programs remains controversial. This study investigated the efficacy of educational and behavioral counseling (EBC) mode in an MMT program in China. Methods: A total of 125 eligible participants were randomized to EBC or a control group...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526482/telephone-counseling-for-young-brazilian-cocaine-and-or-crack-users-who-are-these-users
#10
Nadia K Bisch, Taís de C Moreira, Mariana C Benchaya, Dan R Pozza, Larissa C N de Freitas, Michelle S Farias, Maristela Ferigolo, Helena M T Barros
OBJECTIVE: To describe the users' drug abuse characteristics, problematic behaviors associated with addiction, the motivation of teenagers and young adults to quit cocaine and/or crack abuse, and then compare these characteristics. METHODS: A cross-section study was conducted with 2390 cocaine/crack users (teenagers from 14 to 19 years of age, and young adults from 20 to 24 years of age); 1471 were young adults and 919 were teenagers who had called a phone counseling service between January 2006 and December 2013...
March 9, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513136/training-in-office-based-opioid-treatment-with-buprenorphine-in-us-residency-programs-a-national-survey-of-residency-program-directors
#11
Lello Tesema, Jeffrey Marshall, Rachel Hathaway, Christina Pham, Camille Clarke, Genevieve Bergeron, James Yeh, Michael Soliman, Danny McCormick
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of opioid use disorder (OUD) has increased sharply. Office-based opioid treatment with buprenorphine (OBOT) is effective but often underutilized because of physicians' lack of experience prescribing this therapy. Little is known about US residency training programs' provision of OBOT and addiction medicine training. METHODS: The authors conducted a survey of residency program directors (RPDs) at all US residency programs in internal medicine, family medicine, and psychiatry to assess the frequency with which their residents provide care for OUD, presence and features of curricula in OBOT and addiction medicine, RPDs' beliefs about OBOT, and potential barriers to providing OBOT training...
March 7, 2018: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478874/memory-focused-cognitive-therapy-for-cocaine-use-disorder-theory-procedures-and-preliminary-evidence-from-an-external-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
John Marsden, Camille Goetz, Tim Meynen, Luke Mitcheson, Garry Stillwell, Brian Eastwood, John Strang, Nick Grey
BACKGROUND: Cocaine use disorder (CUD) is a debilitating condition with no NICE-recommended medication or specific psychosocial interventions. In the United Kingdom (UK), general counselling (treatment-as-usual; TAU) is widely delivered, but has limited effectiveness. We tested the feasibility, safety and preliminary efficacy of a novel, adjunctive psychosocial intervention for CUD, called 'memory-focused cognitive therapy' (MFCT). METHODS: We did a two-arm, external pilot randomised controlled trial at a specialist community National Health Service addictions clinic in London, UK...
March 2018: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461308/interprofessional-communities-of-practice-in-continuing-medical-education-for-promoting-and-sustaining-practice-change-a-prospective-cohort-study
#13
Megan Barker, Julia Lecce, Anna Ivanova, Laurie Zawertailo, Rosa Dragonetti, Peter Selby
INTRODUCTION: Standard knowledge delivery formats for CME may have limited impact on long-term practice change. A community of practice (CoP) is one tool that may enhance competencies and support practice change. This study explores the utility of an interprofessional CoP as an adjunct to a CME program in tobacco addiction treatment (Training Enhancement in Applied Counselling and Health [TEACH] Project) to promote and sustain practice change. METHODS: A prospective cohort design was utilized to examine the long-term impact of the TEACH CoP on practice change...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450252/alcohol-and-tobacco-use-among-methadone-maintenance-patients-in-vietnamese-rural-mountainside-areas
#14
Bach Xuan Tran, Huong Lan Thi Nguyen, Quynh Ngoc Hoang Le, Hue Thi Mai, Chau Ngo, Canh Dinh Hoang, Hai Hong Nguyen, Hai Quan Le, Hung Van Nguyen, Huong Thi Le, Tho Dinh Tran, Nabil Zary, Carl A Latkin, Thuc Minh Thi Vu, Roger C M Ho, Melvyn W B Zhang
Introduction: The expansion of methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) program requires more data about the factors affecting the effectiveness of treatment, especially behavioral data such as smoking and alcohol use among patients. This study aimed to examine the prevalence of tobacco and alcohol consumption and identify related factors among MMT patients in the Vietnamese rural mountainside. Methods: We interviewed 241 MMT patients in two clinics in Tuyen Quang, a mountainous province in Vietnam...
June 2018: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450247/the-association-between-financial-literacy-and-problematic-internet-shopping-in-a-multinational-sample
#15
Lawrence T Lam, Mary K Lam
Purpose: To examine the association between financial literacy and Problematic Internet Shopping in adults. Methods: This cross-sectional online survey recruited participants, aged between 18 and 60 years, through an online research facility. The sample consisted of multinational participants from mainly three continents including Europe, North America, and Asia. Problematic Internet Shopping was assessed using the Bergen Shopping Addiction Scale (BSAS). Financial Literacy was measured by the Financial Literacy subscale of the Financial Wellbeing Questionnaire...
December 2017: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450231/free-will-in-addictive-behaviors-a-matter-of-definition
#16
REVIEW
W Miles Cox, Eric Klinger, Javad Salehi Fadardi
Certain people are at risk for using alcohol or other drugs excessively and for developing problems with their use. Their susceptibility might arise from a variety of factors, including their genetic make-up, brain chemistry, family background, personality and other psychological variables, and environmental and sociocultural variables. Moreover, after substance use has become established, there are additional cognitive-motivational variables (e.g., substance-related attentional bias) that contribute to enacting behaviors consistent with the person's motivation to acquire and use the substance...
June 2017: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436490/subthalamic-stimulation-and-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-in-parkinson-s-disease-results-from-a-long-term-follow-up-cohort-study
#17
Marie Abbes, Eugénie Lhommée, Stéphane Thobois, Hélène Klinger, Emmanuelle Schmitt, Amélie Bichon, Anna Castrioto, Jing Xie, Valérie Fraix, Andrea Kistner, Pierre Pélissier, Éric Seigneuret, Stéphan Chabardès, Patrick Mertens, Emmanuel Broussolle, Elena Moro, Paul Krack
BACKGROUND: Reports on behavioural outcomes after subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation in Parkinson's disease are controversial and limited to short-term data. Long-term observation in a large cohort allows a better counselling and management. METHODS: To determine whether a long-term treatment with subthalamic stimulation induces or reduces impulse control behaviours, neuropsychiatric fluctuations and apathy, 69 patients treated with subthalamic stimulation are prospectively and retrospectively assessed using Ardouin Scale of Behavior in Parkinson's Disease before and after 3-10 years of stimulation...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409684/ongoing-strategies-and-updates-on-pain-management-in-gynecologic-oncology-patients
#18
REVIEW
Kari E Hacker, R Kevin Reynolds, Shitanshu Uppal
The opioid crisis in the United States has been declared a public health emergency. Various governmental agencies, cancer care organizations and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have issued guidelines in hopes of managing this crisis. Curbing over-prescription of opioids by medical professionals has been a central theme in many of these guidelines. Gynecologic oncologists encounter patients with a variety of pain sources, including acute pain secondary to the underlying malignancy or surgical procedures as well as chronic pain related to the malignancy and the sequelae of treatments rendered...
May 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388333/theory-and-practice-of-addiction-counseling-pamela-lassiter-john-culbreth-eds-thousand-oaks-usa-sage-publications-inc-2017-isbn-9781506317335-397-pp-paperback-price-129-00-book-available-to-purchase-in-australia-from-footprint-books
#19
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383710/family-and-carer-smoking-control-programmes-for-reducing-children-s-exposure-to-environmental-tobacco-smoke
#20
REVIEW
Behrooz Behbod, Mohit Sharma, Ruchi Baxi, Robert Roseby, Premila Webster
BACKGROUND: Children's exposure to other people's tobacco smoke (environmental tobacco smoke, or ETS) is associated with a range of adverse health outcomes for children. Parental smoking is a common source of children's exposure to ETS. Older children in child care or educational settings are also at risk of exposure to ETS. Preventing exposure to ETS during infancy and childhood has significant potential to improve children's health worldwide. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of interventions designed to reduce exposure of children to environmental tobacco smoke, or ETS...
January 31, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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