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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904166/iris-an-internet-based-intervention-as-a-suitable-path-to-addictive-substance-use-prevention-and-counselling-in-pregnancy-beneficiary-profiles-and-user-satisfaction
#1
A Stiegler, H Abele, A Batra
Alcohol or tobacco consumption in pregnancy can harm the unborn child. Counselling on this subject is therefore of major importance. The aim of the presented study was not only to develop an internet based, professionally e-mail accompanied platform for alcohol or tobacco consuming pregnant women ("IRIS Platform") but also to analyse the beneficiary profiles and investigate the practicability and acceptance of the platform among women and referring gynaecologists. The offer comprised three 12-week counselling programmes (alcohol, tobacco, combined consumption)...
November 2016: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891376/smokeless-tobacco-and-stroke-a-clinico-epidemiological-follow-up-study-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#2
Subhransu Sekhar Jena, Shobhitendu Kabi, Baikuntha Nath Panda, B C Kameswari, Payal, Ishwar Chandra Behera, Subrat Kumar Tripathy, Seemanchana Mahanta
INTRODUCTION: Among the modifiable risk factors for stroke, tobacco smoking is well recognized. In some studies the use of Smokeless Tobacco (ST) has also been contributed as a risk factor for ischemic stroke. Use of ST is very common in South-East Asia. The form of ST varies according to the geographical and cultural variation. AIM: To study the various clinical symptoms and radiological findings of stroke due to different types of ST. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective hospital based study carried out over a period of 2 years...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878808/interventions-for-tobacco-use-cessation-in-people-in-treatment-for-or-recovery-from-substance-use-disorders
#3
REVIEW
Dorie Apollonio, Rose Philipps, Lisa Bero
BACKGROUND: Smoking rates in people with alcohol and other drug dependencies are two to four times those of the general population. Concurrent treatment of tobacco dependence has been limited due to concern that these interventions are not successful in this population or that recovery from other addictions could be compromised if tobacco cessation was combined with other drug dependency treatment. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether interventions for tobacco cessation are associated with tobacco abstinence for people in concurrent treatment for or in recovery from alcohol and other drug dependence...
November 23, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857018/recognizing-the-two-faces-of-gambling-the-lived-experiences-of-korean-women-gamblers
#4
Sungjae Kim, Wooksoo Kim, Suzanne S Dickerson
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore the lived experiences of women problem gamblers, focusing on the meaning of gambling to them, how and why these women continue to gamble or stop gambling, and their needs and concerns. In order to effectively help women problem gamblers, practical in-depth knowledge is necessary to develop intervention programs for prevention, treatment, and recovery among women problem gamblers. METHODS: The hermeneutic phenomenology approach was used to guide in-depth interviews and team interpretation of data...
October 2016: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833864/a-clinical-study-of-oral-mucosal-lesions-in-patients-visiting-a-tertiary-care-centre-in-central-india
#5
Rashmi Goyal, Shalini Jadia, Leena Jain, Chhavi Agarawal
The aim of this study was to find the frequency of various oral mucosal lesions in relation to age, sex, site and associated addiction habits. This retrospective study was done in tertiary care centre including 1280 patients of oral mucosal lesions. Clinical findings and detailed history of their addiction habits with frequency and duration was noted from the existing data. Cytological and histopathological diagnosis of various lesions was recorded to conclude diagnosis. The most common lesion in this study was found to be aphthous ulcers (44...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806462/retention-and-relapse-in-methadone-maintenance-treatment-a-descriptive-analytical-study
#6
Reza Mollajavadi, Narges Beyraghi, Isa Fathi, Robab Teymouri, Arya Hamedanchi
BACKGROUND: Despite the considerable efforts made in Iran to treat people with addiction, relapse is still common. This study was designed to determine retention and relapse rates and related factors at Yasin Methadone Maintenance Treatment Center. PATIENTS & METHODS: In this study, retention rate, relapse rate, and related factors were examined in 74 cases using a descriptive-analytical method. Information about 20 variables were gathered from patient medical records using an information form and a checklist and data was analyzed by the chi-square, Fisher's exact, and Mann-Whitney tests using SPSS software...
June 30, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798091/which-behaviour-change-techniques-may-help-waterpipe-smokers-to-quit-an-expert-consensus-using-a-modified-delphi-technique
#7
Nancy O'Neill, Omara Dogar, Mohammed Jawad, Ian Keller, Mona Kanaan, Kamran Siddiqi
INTRODUCTION: Waterpipe smoking is addictive and harmful. The determinants of waterpipe smoking may differ from those of cigarette smoking; therefore, behavioural approaches to support quitting may also differ between these two tobacco products. While some evidence exists on effective behavioural change techniques (BCTs) to facilitate cigarette smoking cessation, there is little research on waterpipe smoking cessation. METHODS: Twenty-four experts were selected from the author lists of peer-reviewed, randomised controlled trials on waterpipe smoking cessation...
October 25, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749024/-just-one-bad-high-considering-synthetic-cannabinoid-outcome-expectancies-in-adolescents
#8
David S Mathai, Christopher D Verrico, Daryl Shorter, John H Coverdale, Thomas R Kosten
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Certain medical consequences seem unique to synthetic cannabinoid (SC) and not cannabis use. We report the case of an adolescent, whose drug expectancies appear to minimize the severity of SC-related adverse events. METHODS/RESULTS: An 18-year-old male presented with altered mental status and seizure, complicated by respiratory failure. He was stabilized and on discharge, despite counseling on the harms of SC usage, the patient planned to resume use, insisting that the hospitalization was "just one bad high"...
October 17, 2016: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703105/-the-concept-and-treatment-of-kleptomania
#9
Michio Takemura
Research on kleptomania has lagged behind that of other mental disorders, and very few clinicians specialize in treating such patients. Futhermore, the descriptive outline of kleptomania in the DSM-5 is vague. In 2008, we started a registration system for patients suffering from habitual theft, which has recorded 1430 cases since its inauguration. In this report, we explain the concept of kleptomania and describe our clinical experience in the treatment of patients suffering from this mental disorder. The most frequent complication of kleptomania was found to be eating disorder (especially bulimia)...
October 2016: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695301/patient-centered-care-interventions-for-the-management-of-alcohol-use-disorders-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#10
Pablo Barrio, Antoni Gual
ISSUES: Patient-centered care (PCC) is increasingly accepted as an integral component of good health care, including addiction medicine. However, its implementation has been controversial in people with alcohol use disorders. APPROACH: A systematic search strategy was devised to find completed randomized controlled trials enrolling adults (>18 years) with alcohol use disorders. Studies had to use a PCC approach such that they should have been individualized, respectful to the patients' own goals, and empowering...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687461/national-survey-of-us-academic-anesthesiology-chairs-on-clinician-wellness
#11
Amy E Vinson, David Zurakowski, Gail I Randel, Kathy D Schlecht
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of anesthesiology department wellness programs is unknown. A database of wellness programs is needed as a resource for departments attempting to respond to the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Anesthesiology Milestones Project. The purpose of this study was to survey academic anesthesiology chairs on wellness issues, characterize initiatives, and establish wellness contacts for a Wellness Initiative Database (WID). DESIGN: An Internet-based survey instrument was distributed to academic anesthesiology department chairs in the United States...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647710/measuring-affiliation-in-group-therapy-for-substance-use-disorders-in-the-women-s-recovery-group-study-does-it-matter-whether-the-group-is-all-women-or-mixed-gender
#12
Dawn E Sugarman, Sara B Wigderson, Brittany R Iles, Julia S Kaufman, Garrett M Fitzmaurice, E Yvette Hilario, Michael S Robbins, Shelly F Greenfield
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A Stage II, two-site randomized clinical trial compared the manualized, single-gender Women's Recovery Group (WRG) to mixed-gender group therapy (Group Drug Counseling; GDC) and demonstrated efficacy. Enhanced affiliation and support in the WRG is a hypothesized mechanism of efficacy. This study sought to extend results of the previous small Stage I trial that showed the rate of supportive affiliative statements occurred more frequently in WRG than GDC. METHODS: Participants (N = 158; 100 women, 58 men) were 18 years or older, substance dependent, and had used substances within the past 60 days...
October 2016: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619008/motivational-interviewing-and-the-decisional-balance-procedure-for-cessation-induction-in-smokers-not-intending-to-quit
#13
Susan W Krigel, James E Grobe, Kathy Goggin, Kari Jo Harris, Jose L Moreno, Delwyn Catley
INTRODUCTION: The decisional balance (DB) procedure examines the pros and cons of behavior change and was considered a component in early formulations of Motivational Interviewing (MI). However, there is controversy and conflicting findings regarding the use of a DB exercise within the treatment of addictions and a need to clarify the role of DB as a component of MI. METHODS: College tobacco smokers (N=82) with no intentions on quitting were randomly assigned to receive a single counseling session of either Motivational Interviewing using only the decisional balance component (MIDB), or health education around smoking cessation (HE)...
January 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614055/income-generation-and-attitudes-towards-addiction-treatment-among-people-who-use-illicit-drugs-in-a-canadian-setting
#14
Nicole M Luongo, Huiru Dong, Thomas H Kerr, M-J S Milloy, Kanna Hayashi, Lindsey A Richardson
INTRODUCTION: Socioeconomically marginalized people who use illicit drugs (PWUD) often engage in alternative income generating activities to meet their basic needs. These activities commonly carry a number of health and social risks, which may prompt some PWUD to consider addiction treatment to reduce their drug use or drug-related expenses. We sought to determine whether engaging in certain forms of income generation was independently associated with self-reported need for addiction treatment among a cohort of PWUD in Vancouver, Canada...
January 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613225/risk-factors-for-severe-acute-malnutrition-in-under-five-children-a-case-control-study-in-a-rural-part-of-india
#15
N N Ambadekar, S P Zodpey
OBJECTIVES: The present study was planned to identify some of the risk factors of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in under-five children in a rural part of India. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study. METHODS: The study was carried out in rural areas of Yavatmal district. A total of 737 cases (under-five SAM children) and an equal number of normal controls were included in the study. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire. Binary logistic regression was used for multivariate analysis using a hierarchical model...
September 6, 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27550978/medication-assisted-treatment-of-adolescents-with-opioid-use-disorders
#16
(no author information available yet)
Opioid use disorder is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among US youth. Effective treatments, both medications and substance use disorder counseling, are available but underused, and access to developmentally appropriate treatment is severely restricted for adolescents and young adults. Resources to disseminate available therapies and to develop new treatments specifically for this age group are needed to save and improve lives of youth with opioid addiction.
September 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27521828/impact-and-duration-of-brief-surgeon-delivered-smoking-cessation-advice-on-attitudes-regarding-nicotine-dependence-and-tobacco-harms-for-patients-with-peripheral-arterial-disease
#17
Karina Newhall, Bjoern Suckow, Emily Spangler, Benjamin S Brooke, Andres Schanzer, Tze-Woei Tan, Mary Burnette, Maria Orlando Edelen, Alik Farber, Philip Goodney
BACKGROUND: Despite the recognized benefits of smoking cessation, many clinicians question if a brief smoking cessation intervention can help dedicated smokers with peripheral arterial disease understand nicotine dependence and harms related to smoking. We investigated the impact and durability of a multimodal smoking cessation intervention on patient attitudes regarding nicotine dependence and the health effects of smoking. METHODS: We conducted a pilot cluster-randomized trial of a brief smoking cessation intervention at 8 vascular surgery practices between September 1, 2014 and August 31, 2015...
August 10, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504926/the-availability-of-ancillary-counseling-in-the-practices-of-physicians-prescribing-buprenorphine
#18
Declan T Barry, Tera Fazzino, Emily Necrason, Joel Ginn, Lynn E Fiellin, David A Fiellin, Brent A Moore
OBJECTIVE: We set out to examine physicians' perceptions of the provision of ancillary services for opioid dependent patients receiving buprenorphine. METHODS: An e-mail invitation describing the study was sent out by the American Society of Addiction Medicine to its membership (approximately 3700 physicians) and other entities (for a total of approximately 7000 e-mail addresses). E-mail recipients were invited to participate in a research study funded by the National Institutes on Drug Abuse involving completion of an online survey; 346 physicians completed the survey...
September 2016: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27492317/-participation-restrictions-in-substance-use-disorders-registration-by-screening-and-assessment-instruments
#19
Maren Spies, Catherine Maschler, Angela Buchholz
BACKGROUND: Substance use disorders can contribute to severe participation restrictions. Whether these participation restrictions are covered by assessment instruments that are frequently used in addiction treatment services is not known. The international Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) provides a framework to compare the content of different assessments. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate whether assessments that are frequently used in German addiction treatment services, cover participation restrictions according to the ICF...
September 2016: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27471920/when-added-to-opioid-agonist-treatment-psychosocial-interventions-do-not-further-reduce-the-use-of-illicit-opioids-a-comment-on-dugosh-et-al
#20
Robert P Schwartz
This commentary reviews the limitations of the recent literature review by that examined the role of psychosocial interventions with medication for opioid addiction treatment. The commonly held belief that opioid agonist treatment alone is inferior treatment to such treatment combined with 'psychosocial' treatment (which many will understand to mean counseling) is not supported by the research evidence and it results in limitations on the use of these effective medications.
July 2016: Journal of Addiction Medicine
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