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Enxiang Zhang, Shutao Yin, Xiaotong Lu, Linhu Ye, Lihong Fan, Hongbo Hu
Glycycoumarin (GCM) is a representative of bioactive coumarin compounds isolated from licorice, an edible and medicinal plant widely used for treating various diseases including liver diseases. The purpose of the present study is to examine the possibility of GCM as a sensitizer to improve the efficacy of BH3 mimetic ABT-737 against liver cancer. Three liver cancer cell lines (HepG2, Huh-7 and SMMC-7721) were used to evaluate the in vitro combinatory effect of ABT-737/GCM. HepG2 xenograft model was employed to assess the in vivo efficacy of ABT-737/GCM combination...
March 15, 2018: Nutrients
Jing Li, Xiaoli Fan, Qin Wang
RATIONALE: Glycyrrhizin is the main active component of licorice. Licorice and glycyrrhizin induced hypertension has been widely reported, yet licorice and glycyrrhizin induced hypertensive crisis has been rarely known. PATIENT CONCERNS: The case of this report was a 47-year-old woman, who took 225 mg of glycyrrhizin daily for 3 years due to primary biliary cholangitis. She was found to have a dramatically elevated blood pressure of about 230/110 mmHg without a history of hypertension and was referred to the emergency department...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Li Li, Osama Abdalla Abdelshafy Mohamad, Jinbiao Ma, Ariel D Friel, Yangui Su, Yun Wang, Zulpiya Musa, Yonghong Liu, Brian P Hedlund, Wenjun Li
Little is known about the composition, diversity, and geographical distribution of bacterial communities associated with medicinal plants in arid lands. To address this, a collection of 116 endophytic bacteria were isolated from wild populations of the herb Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch (licorice) in Xinyuan, Gongliu, and Tekesi of Xinjiang Province, China, and identified based on their 16S rRNA gene sequences. The endophytes were highly diverse, including 20 genera and 35 species. The number of distinct bacterial genera obtained from root tissues was higher (n = 14) compared to stem (n = 9) and leaf (n = 6) tissue...
March 7, 2018: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
Gong Deuk Bae, Eun-Young Park, Dong Jae Baek, Hee-Sook Jun, Oh Yoon Sin
Liquiritigenin (LQ) is a major active component of licorice root, which is a flavone used for treating many diseases, including diabetes. LQ has been shown to exhibit a glucose-lowering effect in diabetic mice. Therefore, we investigated the potential of LQ to protect against lipotoxicity-induced beta-cell apoptosis and the underlying molecular mechanisms. Exposure of INS-1 rat insulinoma cells to LQ significantly increased cell viability and blocked palmitate (PA)-induced apoptosis, as evidenced by the reduction of Annexin-V-stained cells, cleaved caspase-3 levels, and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) activity, as well as upregulation of Bcl-2 expression...
February 27, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Haixia Li, Dandan Guo, Liangran Zhang, Xiao Feng
Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a chronic respiratory inflammatory disease. Glycyrrhizin is a main bioactive component of the licorice root extract and exhibits anti-inflammatory activity. However, the role of glycyrrhizin in AR has not been studied. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of glycyrrhizin on histamine-induced human nasal epithelial cells (HNEpCs). Here, we found that glycyrrhizin (20 or 40 μM) inhibited histamine-induced the mRNA expression and secretion of mucin 5 subtype AC (MUC5AC), interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-8 in HNEpCs...
February 13, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
Ayşe Yavuz Kocaman, Müge Güzelkokar
Glycyrrhiza glabra L. (licorice) is one of the most important medicinal plants, which is widely used throughout the world both in traditional and contemporary medical industries. This study was undertaken to investigate the potential genotoxic activity of G. glabra methanolic root extract, and its possible antigenotoxic properties against mitomycin C (MMC)-induced DNA damage in in vitro chromosome aberrations (CAs) and cytokinesis-block micronucleus (CBMN) assays in human peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs)...
February 15, 2018: Drug and Chemical Toxicology
A Takamori, Y Yoshinaga, T Ukai, H Nakamura, Y Takamori, S Izumi, C Shiraishi, Y Hara
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Attachment loss of the junctional epithelium and alveolar bone destruction are signs of periodontitis, which is mainly caused by an inflammatory response to dental plaque. Glycyrrhetinic acid (GA), a component of the licorice herb, has been shown to have important anti-inflammatory activities; however, there are no previous reports on the ability of its inhibitory effects to prevent periodontal diseases. Hence, in this study, using our experimental periodontitis model, we attempted to evaluate whether GA had an effect on the prevention of attachment loss and alveolar bone loss...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Periodontal Research
Jia-Ying Tan, Feng Zhao, Shui-Xiang Deng, He-Chen Zhu, Ye Gong, Wei Wang
Monocytes serve an important role in systemic inflammation. High mobility group box‑1 protein (HMGB1) promotes recruitment and suppresses apoptosis in monocytes through the receptor for advanced glycation end products/ nuclear factor (NF)‑κB and toll‑like receptor 4/mitogen‑activated protein kinase (MAPK)/extracellular signal‑regulated kinase (ERK) signaling pathways. Glycyrrhizin (GL), an effective component of licorice, weakens the proinflammatory effect of HMGB1. The present study investigated the effect of GL on the migration and apoptosis of monocytes associated with HMGB1 signaling...
February 13, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Guangwei Zhu, Shengjun Ma, Xiwen Li, Peng Zhang, Lin Tang, Lijuan Cao, Aoxue Liu, Toru Sugita, Takehisa Tomoda
To investigate the inhibitory effect of Glycyrrhiza uralensis (G. uralensis) and its monomeric compounds on Nav1.4 voltage-gated sodium channels (VGSCs) and analyze the relationship between the content of its marker compounds and the inhibitory rate. Based on this study, we found that 4 mg/ml ethanol extract of G. uralensis at 30%, 50%, 70% and 90% (v/v) exhibited 77.00 ± 0.03%, 34.75 ± 0.09%, 100.00 ± 0.01% and 2.00 ± 0.01% inhibitory rates on INav1.4 respectively, and 8 mg/ml ethanol extract of G...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
Ângelo Luís, Fernanda Domingues, Luísa Pereira
BACKGROUND: Licorice, also known as liquorice, refers to the root of Glycyrrhiza glabra L., a product widely available in the market in the form of licorice flavonoid oil (LFO), which is a concentrate of licorice flavonoids, being a dietary ingredient for functional foods with potential benefits for overweight subjects. PURPOSE: To summarize the results of the numerous clinical trials, and to clarify the metabolic changes after licorice consumption, through a systematic review with meta-analysis and Trial Sequential Analysis (TSA) of clinical trials...
January 15, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Waranya Boonchai, Supenya Varothai, Waranaree Winayanuwattikun, Sutasinee Phaitoonvatanakij, Pichanee Chaweekulrat, Pranee Kasemsarn
BACKGROUND: Facial dermatitis can result from various conditions, some of which are of a chronic and relapsing nature. The use of topical corticosteroid therapy may lead to additional adverse effects. OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of moisturizer containing 4-t-butylcyclohexanol, which acts as a sensitivity regulator, and licochalcone A, an anti-inflammatory agent from the licorice plant Glycyrrhiza inflata, with that of 0.02% triamcinolone acetonide (TA) for the treatment of facial dermatitis...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Payel Kundu, Steven Neese, Suren Bandara, Supida Monaikul, William G Helferich, Daniel R Doerge, Ikhlas A Khan, Susan Schantz
Age-related declines in cognitive function can impair working memory, reduce speed of processing, and alter attentional resources. In particular, menopausal women may show an acceleration in the rate of cognitive decline as well as an increased vulnerability to brain diseases as estrogens may play a neuroprotective and neurotrophic role in the brain. To treat menopausal symptoms, many women turn to botanical estrogens that are promoted as a safe and natural alternative to traditional hormone replacement therapy...
February 2, 2018: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
E Yin, M Uchiyama, M Niimi
Shigyakusan (also known as Tsumura Japan [TJ]-35) is composed of peony, bitter orange, licorice, and Bupleuri radix is used for cholecystitis and gastritis as an anti-inflammatory agent. We investigated the effect of TJ-35 on alloimmune response in a murine heart transplantation model. CBA mice that underwent transplantation of a C57BL/6 (B6) heart were assigned to four groups: no treatment, TJ-35-exposed, each component-exposed, or each component missing-exposed. The four groups above each received oral administration of TJ-35, each component, or TJ-35 with each component missing from the day of transplantation until 7 days, respectively...
January 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
Rahele Kargozar, Hoda Azizi, Roshanak Salari
Background: Acute menopausal syndrome especially hot flashes, is one of the most common gynecological problems during menopause. Due to the side effects of hormone therapy, herbal and complementary medicines are always of immense interest to people in the treatment and management of the symptoms and complications of menopause. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanisms and effects of medicinal plants employed in the treatment of menopausal symptoms...
November 2017: Electronic Physician
Baochao Ji, Zhendong Zhang, Wentao Guo, Hairong Ma, Boyong Xu, Wenbo Mu, Abdusami Amat, Li Cao
Isoliquiritigenin (ISL), a natural flavonoid extracted from licorice, has been demonstrated to exert attenuation of osteoclastogenesis and anti-angiogenesis activity in a wide variety of cells. Here, we first evaluated the effects of ISL on pathogenesis of osteoarthritis in a mouse model of OA. The data showed that ISL blunted progression of OA and lowered the Osteoarthritis Research Society International (OARSI)-Modified Making Score and protected the articular cartilage. The thickness of calcified cartilage zone was significantly decreased in ISL-treated ACLT mice compared with vehicle group...
January 29, 2018: Scientific Reports
Chiyeon Lim, Sehyun Lim, Byoungho Lee, Buyeo Kim, Suin Cho
Licorice is extracted from the roots of plants in the Glycyrrhiza genus, especially Glycyrrhiza uralensis in China and Korea. It has several pharmacological activities, including neuro-protective, anti-fungal, and anti-cariogenic effects. Ischemia/reperfusion-induced brain injury is a leading cause of adult disability and death; thus, the identification of anti-apoptotic, neuro-protective therapeutic agents is viewed as an attractive drug development strategy. Infarct volumes and the expression of several apoptosis-related proteins, including Bcl-xL, Bcl-2, caspase-8, and caspase-9, were evaluated by western blotting in the brains of mice subjected to middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO)...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Food
Jun Ho Lee, Han San Jung
To develop functionally and nutritionally improved tofu, the effects of partial (0.2~0.8%) replacement with licorice powder (LP) on the quality characteristics of tofu were investigated. The pH and turbidity values decreased upon addition of increasing amounts of LP (P<0.05). The yield of LP-supplemented tofu was higher than that of the control tofu, and it increased as the concentration of LP increased (P<0.05). Substituting 0.6% and above of LP significantly hardened the texture of tofu (P<0.05) while control and 0...
December 2017: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
Abolfazl Shakeri, Milena Masullo, Gilda D'Urso, Mehrdad Iranshahi, Paola Montoro, Cosimo Pizza, Sonia Piacente
Chemical investigations on Glycyrrhiza spp. have mostly been focused on G. glabra (typically cultivated in Europe, henceforth called European licorice), G. uralensis and G. inflata (known as Chinese licorice) with little information on the constituents of other Glycyrrhiza species. According to the growing interest in further Glycyrrhiza spp. to be used as sweeteners, the roots of G. triphylla have been investigated. The LC-ESI/LTQOrbitrap/MS profile of the methanolic extract of G. triphylla roots guided the isolation of 21 compounds, of which the structures were elucidated by 1D- and 2D-NMR experiments...
May 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
Hsiang-Ling Huang, Swee-Ling Lim, Kuan-Hung Lu, Lee-Yan Sheen
Depression is a highly prevalent and recurrent mental disorder that impacts all aspects of human life. Undesirable effects of the antidepressant drugs led to the development of complementary and alternative therapies. Gan-Mai-Da-Zao-Tang (, gān mài dà zǎo tang) is a traditional herbal formula commonly used for the treatment of depression, but lack of scientific proof on its mechanism. It consisted of Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch. (licorice), Triticum aestivum L. (wheat) and Zizphus jujuba Mill. (jujube)...
January 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
Seol Jang, A Yeong Lee, A Reum Lee, Goya Choi, Ho Kyoung Kim
Background: The present study optimized ultrasound-assisted extraction conditions to maximize extraction yields of glycyrrhizic acid from licorice. Methods: The optimal extraction temperature (X1), extraction time (X2), and methanol concentration (X3) were identified using response surface methodology (RSM). A central composite design (CCD) was used for experimental design and analysis of the results to obtain the optimal processing parameters. Results: Statistical analyses revealed that three variables and the quadratic of X1, X2, and X3 had significant effects on the yields and were followed by significant interaction effects between the variables of X2 and X3 (p < 0...
December 2017: Integrative Medicine Research
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