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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088178/health-related-quality-of-life-and-associated-factors-in-functionally-independent-older-people
#1
Mónica Machón, Isabel Larrañaga, Miren Dorronsoro, Kalliopi Vrotsou, Itziar Vergara
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (HRQL) is a key indicator of elderly people's health status that can be affected by different factors. However, little is known about which variables are associated with it in functionally independent elderly people. The aim of this project was to study HRQL and a wide variety of health, lifestyle, social and contextual aspects and their relation to HRQL in a sample of functionally independent, non-cognitively impaired community-dwelling adults, over 65 years of age, from a northern region of Spain...
January 14, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088166/impact-of-home-care-versus-alternative-locations-of-care-on-elder-health-outcomes-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#2
Laura Boland, France Légaré, Maria Margarita Becerra Perez, Matthew Menear, Mirjam Marjolein Garvelink, Daniel I McIsaac, Geneviève Painchaud Guérard, Julie Emond, Nathalie Brière, Dawn Stacey
BACKGROUND: Many elders struggle with the decision to remain at home or to move to an alternative location of care. A person's location of care can influence health and wellbeing. Healthcare organizations and policy makers are increasingly challenged to better support elders' dwelling and health care needs. A summary of the evidence that examines home care compared to other care locations can inform decision making. We surveyed and summarized the evidence evaluating the impact of home care versus alternative locations of care on elder health outcomes...
January 14, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087414/consumption-of-low-calorie-sweeteners-among-children-and-adults-in-the-united-states
#3
Allison C Sylvetsky, Yichen Jin, Elena J Clark, Jean A Welsh, Kristina I Rother, Sameera A Talegawkar
BACKGROUND: Consumption of low-calorie sweeteners (LCSs) has increased markedly during the past several decades, yet the prevalence of LCS consumption in recent years is currently unknown. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe LCS consumption in the United States and to characterize consumption by sociodemographic subgroups, source, frequency, eating occasion, and location. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study using National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data from 2009 to 2012...
January 6, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086890/feasibility-and-preliminary-efficacy-of-the-heyman-healthy-lifestyle-program-for-young-men-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Lee M Ashton, Philip J Morgan, Melinda J Hutchesson, Megan E Rollo, Clare E Collins
BACKGROUND: In young men, unhealthy lifestyle behaviours can be detrimental to their physical and/or mental health and set them on a negative health trajectory into adulthood. Despite this, there is a lack of evidence to guide development of effective health behaviour change interventions for young men. This study assessed the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of the 'HEYMAN' (Harnessing Ehealth to enhance Young men's Mental health, Activity and Nutrition) healthy lifestyle program for young men...
January 13, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086870/a-pilot-study-of-a-community-health-agent-led-type-2-diabetes-self-management-program-using-motivational-interviewing-based-approaches-in-a-public-primary-care-center-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#5
Thais Moura Ribeiro do Valle Nascimento, Ken Resnicow, Marcia Nery, Alexandra Brentani, Elizabeth Kaselitz, Pooja Agrawal, Simanjit Mand, Michele Heisler
BACKGROUND: Rates of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) such as type 2 diabetes are escalating in low and middle-income countries such as Brazil. Scalable primary care-based interventions are needed to improve self-management and clinical outcomes of adults with diabetes. This pilot study examines the feasibility, acceptability, and outcomes of training community health agents (CHAs) in Motivational Interviewing (MI)-based counseling for patients with poorly controlled diabetes in a primary care center in São Paulo, Brazil...
January 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086867/process-evaluation-of-an-integrated-care-pathway-in-geriatric-rehabilitation-for-people-with-complex-health-problems
#6
Irma H J Everink, Jolanda C M van Haastregt, Jose M C Maessen, Jos M G A Schols, Gertrudis I J M Kempen
BACKGROUND: An integrated care pathway in geriatric rehabilitation was developed to improve coordination and continuity of care for community-living older adults in the Netherlands, who go through the process of hospital admission, admission to a geriatric rehabilitation facility and discharge back to the home situation. This pathway is a complex intervention and is focused on improving communication, triage and transfers of patients between the hospital, geriatric rehabilitation facility and primary care organisations...
January 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086759/urinary-incontinence-and-its-association-with-functional-physical-and-cognitive-health-among-female-nursing-home-residents-in-switzerland
#7
Lea F Schumpf, Nathan Theill, David A Scheiner, Daniel Fink, Florian Riese, Cornelia Betschart
BACKGROUND: Specific knowledge of urinary incontinence (UI) and its interrelation with physical and cognitive health is essential to working towards prevention of UI and to improving quality of treatment and care. The purpose of this study was to determine the association between UI and the activities of daily living (ADL) hierarchy scale, the cognitive performance scale (CPS) and comorbid conditions. METHODS: The cross-sectional retrospective analysis of 357 nursing homes in Switzerland was based on data of the Minimum Data Set of the Resident Assessment Instrument 2...
January 13, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086754/making-the-most-of-mealtimes-m3-protocol-of-a-multi-centre-cross-sectional-study-of-food-intake-and-its-determinants-in-older-adults-living-in-long-term-care-homes
#8
Heather H Keller, Natalie Carrier, Susan Slaughter, Christina Lengyel, Catriona M Steele, Lisa Duizer, K Steve Brown, Habib Chaudhury, Minn N Yoon, Alison M Duncan, Veronique M Boscart, George Heckman, Lita Villalon
BACKGROUND: Older adults living in long term care (LTC) homes are nutritionally vulnerable, often consuming insufficient energy, macro- and micronutrients to sustain their health and function. Multiple factors are proposed to influence food intake, yet our understanding of these diverse factors and their interactions are limited. The purpose of this paper is to fully describe the protocol used to examine determinants of food and fluid intake among older adults participating in the Making the Most of Mealtimes (M3) study...
January 13, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079647/using-public-health-data-for-soil-pb-hazard-management-in-ohio
#9
John F Obrycki, Tyler Serafini, Darryl B Hood, Chris Alexander, Pam Blais, Nicholas T Basta
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate how frequently elevated soil lead (Pb) hazards (≥400 ppm Pb) were identified in existing blood Pb site investigations in Ohio. DESIGN: This study evaluated 3050 site investigations from the Ohio Department of Health for children with blood Pb levels at or above 10 μg dL that contained bare soil Pb data. SETTING: Data were collected from existing databases maintained by the Ohio Department of Health. PARTICIPANTS: All data were de-identified prior to analysis...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077927/utility-of-self-competency-ratings-during-residency-training-in-family-medicine-education-emerging-countries-findings-from-japan
#10
Michael D Fetters, Satoko Motohara, Lauren Ivey, Keiichiro Narumoto, Kiyoshi Sano, Masahiko Terada, Tsukasa Tsuda, Machiko Inoue
BACKGROUND: Family medicine education-emerging countries face challenges in demonstrating a new program's ability to train residents in womb-to-tomb care and resident ability to provide such care competently. We illustrate the experience of a new Japanese family medicine program with resident self-competency assessments. METHODS: In this longitudinal cross-sectional study, residents completed self-competency assessment surveys online during 2011-2015. Each year of training, residents self-ranked their competence using a 100-point visual analog scale for 142 conditions: acute (30 conditions), chronic (28 conditions) women's health (eight conditions), and geriatrics/home (12 conditions) care; procedures (38 types); health promotion (21 conditions)...
2017: Asia Pacific Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077831/-effects-of-home-care-services-use-by-older-adults-on-family-caregiver-distress
#11
Jiyeon Kim, Hongsoo Kim
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the association between utilization of home care services under the national long-term care insurance system and family caregiver distress. METHODS: A secondary data analysis was conducted in this study using data collected in 2011 and 2012 from the Korean version of International Resident Assessment Instrument (interRAI) Home Care assessment system. The study sample included 228 clients receiving community based home care and their family caregivers in Korea...
December 2016: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074444/effects-of-an-education-intervention-about-hpv-self-testing-for-healthcare-providers-and-staff
#12
Brynne E Presser, Mira L Katz, Abigail B Shoben, Deborah Moore, Mack T Ruffin, Electra D Paskett, Paul L Reiter
Human papillomavirus (HPV) self-testing is an emerging cervical cancer screening strategy, yet efforts to educate healthcare providers and staff about HPV self-testing are lacking. We report the findings of a brief education intervention about HPV self-testing for healthcare providers and staff. We conducted education sessions during 2015 with healthcare providers and staff (n = 33) from five federally qualified health centers located in Appalachian Ohio. Participants attended a one-time session and completed pre- and post-intervention surveys...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073985/population-based-pertussis-incidence-and-risk-factors-in-infants-less-than-6-months-in-nepal
#13
Michelle M Hughes, Janet A Englund, Jane Kuypers, James M Tielsch, Subarna K Khatry, Laxman Shrestha, Steven C LeClerq, Mark Steinhoff, Joanne Katz
BACKGROUND: Pertussis is estimated to cause 2 percent of childhood deaths globally and is a growing public health problem in developed countries despite high vaccination coverage. Infants are at greatest risk of morbidity and mortality. Maternal vaccination during pregnancy may be effective to prevent pertussis in young infants, but population-based estimates of disease burden in infants are lacking, particularly in low-income countries. The objective of this study was to estimate the incidence of pertussis in infants less than 6 months of age in Sarlahi District, Nepal...
January 10, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072836/pre-migration-trauma-exposure-and-mental-health-functioning-among-central-american-migrants-arriving-at-the-us-border
#14
Allen Keller, Amy Joscelyne, Megan Granski, Barry Rosenfeld
In recent years, increasing numbers of families and individuals have arrived at the U.S. border from Central America, in particular, from Honduras, El Salvador, and Guatemala. This study sought to examine pre-migration trauma exposure and current mental health functioning of migrant families arriving at the U.S. border from the Northern Triangle region, with specific attention to the reasons offered for leaving their home country and the frequency with which migrant families appear to satisfy legal criteria for asylum We interviewed 234 adults in McAllen, Texas, using a structured interview and standardized questionnaires to assess exposure to trauma prior to migration, reasons for leaving their home country and symptoms of posttraumatic stress and depression...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070913/does-identification-of-previously-undiagnosed-conditions-change-care-seeking-behavior
#15
Rebecca M Myerson, Lisandro D Colantonio, Monika M Safford, Elbert S Huang
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether identification of previously undiagnosed high cholesterol, hypertension, and/or diabetes during an in-home assessment impacts care seeking among Medicare beneficiaries. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Data from the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study, which recruited African American and white participants across the continental United States from 2003-2007, were linked to Medicare claims. STUDY DESIGN: We used panel data models to analyze changes in doctor visits for evaluation and management of conditions after participants were assessed, utilizing the study's rolling recruitment to control for secular trends...
January 10, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070410/depression-and-anxiety-after-2-years-of-follow-up-in-patients-diagnosed-with-diabetes-or-rheumatoid-arthritis
#16
Catharina Gåfvels, Margareta Hägerström, Kristina Rane, Alexandre Wajngot, Per E Wändell
We studied emotional health in patients with diabetes mellitus (n = 89) or rheumatoid arthritis (n = 100) aged 18-65 years, at the time of diagnosis and after 24 months. Predictors for depression or anxiety according to the Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale after 2 years were assessed by logistic regression, with psychosocial factors and coping as dependent factors. There were many similarities between patients with diabetes mellitus or rheumatoid arthritis. Having children at home, low score on the Sense of Coherence scale, and high score on the coping strategy "protest" were important risk factors for depression and anxiety after 2 years...
July 2016: Health Psychology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069045/improving-nursing-home-care-through-feedback-on-performance-data-inform-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#17
Matthias Hoben, Peter G Norton, Liane R Ginsburg, Ruth A Anderson, Greta G Cummings, Holly J Lanham, Janet E Squires, Deanne Taylor, Adrian S Wagg, Carole A Estabrooks
BACKGROUND: Audit and feedback is effective in improving the quality of care. However, methods and results of international studies are heterogeneous, and studies have been criticized for a lack of systematic use of theory. In TREC (Translating Research in Elder Care), a longitudinal health services research program, we collect comprehensive data from care providers and residents in Canadian nursing homes to improve quality of care and life of residents, and quality of worklife of caregivers...
January 10, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068988/disability-support-and-long-term-social-care-of-an-elderly-spanish-population-2008-2009-an-epidemiologic-analysis
#18
J Almazán-Isla, M Comín-Comín, E Alcalde-Cabero, C Ruiz, E Franco, R Magallón, J Damián, J de Pedro-Cuesta, L A Larrosa-Montañes
BACKGROUND: Though poorly known, relationships between disability, need of help (dependency) and use of social services are crucial aspects of public health. The objective of this study was to describe the links between disability, officially assessed dependency, and social service use by an industrial population, and identify areas of inequity. METHODS: We took advantage of a door-to-door survey conducted in the Cinco Villas district, Spain, in 2008-2009, which provided data on disability, morbidity, and service use among 1216 residents aged ≥50 years, and officially assessed dependency under the 2006 Dependency Act (OAD)...
January 9, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068789/pragmatic-trial-of-video-education-in-nursing-homes-the-design-and-rationale-for-a-pragmatic-cluster-randomized-trial-in-the-nursing-home-setting
#19
Vincent Mor, Angelo E Volandes, Roee Gutman, Constantine Gatsonis, Susan L Mitchell
Background/Aims Nursing homes are complex healthcare systems serving an increasingly sick population. Nursing homes must engage patients in advance care planning, but do so inconsistently. Video decision support tools improved advance care planning in small randomized controlled trials. Pragmatic trials are increasingly employed in health services research, although not commonly in the nursing home setting to which they are well-suited. This report presents the design and rationale for a pragmatic cluster randomized controlled trial that evaluated the "real world" application of an Advance Care Planning Video Program in two large US nursing home healthcare systems...
January 1, 2017: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067117/furan-in-commercial-baby-foods-from-the-spanish-market-estimation-of-daily-intake-and-risk-assessment
#20
M S Altaki, F J Santos, L Puignou, M T Galceran
The occurrence of furan in commercial baby food samples from the Spanish market was evaluated using an automated headspace solid-phase microextraction method coupled to gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (HS-SPME-GC-MS). A total of seventy six baby food samples including infant formula, baby cereals, fruit in cans and/or jars, vegetables, meat, and fish, were surveyed for furan content. The lowest concentration of this compound was found in infant formula (<0.02 - 0.33 ng mL(-1)), and cereal-based food (0...
January 9, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
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