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Chart review

Cherif Akladios, Jean-Jacques Baldauf, Frederic Marchal, Michel Hummel, Laure-Emilie Rebstock, Jean-Emmanuel Kurtz, Thierry Petit, Karolina Afors, Carole Mathelin, Lise Lecointre, Stéphanie Schrot-Sanyan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the overall survival (OS) of patients with initially inoperable advanced ovarian cancer, tubal carcinoma, or primary peritoneal carcinoma of stages III or IV undergoing neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) followed by cytoreductive surgery, according to the number of cycles performed. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted in three main oncology centres in the east of France, reviewing the charts of all patients who underwent NAC between January 1, 1998 and October 31, 2012...
October 27, 2016: Oncology
Tert C van Alphen, Maarten R Fechner, Jeroen M Smit, Gerrit D Slooter, Coralien L Broekhuysen
BACKGROUND: In autologous breast reconstruction, abdominal based flaps are by far the most common choice from the wide range of free flaps available. In selected cases, a laparoscopically harvested omental free flap (LHOFF) can be used. Patient satisfaction has not been reported until now. In this article, we report our experience using LHOFF in breast reconstruction including our technique, patient satisfaction, and donor/recipient site complications. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 2007 and 2014, six patients underwent autologous breast reconstruction with LHOFF...
October 26, 2016: Microsurgery
Alicia Galindo-Ferreiro, Patricia Akaishi, Somaya Hanafi, Rajiv Khandekar, Alberto Galvez-Ruiz, Silvana Schellini, Augusto Cruz
PURPOSE: To compare outcomes of two techniques of frontalis silicone sling surgery. METHODS: This retrospective, nonrandomized chart review was performed on patients undergoing frontalis sling surgery between 2008 and 2011. Silicone rods were sutured to the tarsal plate through an eyelid crease incision (open method) or stab incisions (closed method). Data were collected on age, gender, type of surgery, preoperative and postoperative margin reflex distance (MRD), and complications...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
H Sprague Eustis, Adam Janot, Chirag Jhaveri
PURPOSE: If the interruption of macular fusion for an extended period of time is the key event that results in the development of monofixation syndrome, then the decreased macular input caused by dense cataracts may cause monofixation syndrome in adults. This study was designed to test this hypothesis. METHODS: The study design was a retrospective chart review that identified patients with unilateral cataracts at two southern Louisiana medical centers. Patients were assigned to the dense cataract group if a unilateral cataract had been present for at least 3 months and led to a visual acuity of worse than 20/200...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Marlon E Buncamper, Wouter B van der Sluis, Roos S D van der Pas, Müjde Özer, Jan Maerten Smit, Birgit I Witte, Mark-Bram Bouman, Margriet G Mullender
BACKGROUND: For many transgender women, vaginoplasty is the final stage in the gender-confirming process. Penile inversion vaginoplasty is considered the gold standard for vaginal construction in transgender women. In this study, the authors assessed intraoperative and postoperative complications after penile inversion vaginoplasty. METHODS: All patients who underwent penile inversion vaginoplasty between January of 2000 and January of 2014 were identified retrospectively from the authors' hospital registry...
November 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Dinah Chen, Elena Fuell Wysong, Hong Li, Lisa Perriera, Lydia Furman
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to examine the association between postpartum predischarge depot-medroxyprogesterone acetate (ppDMPA) and in-hospital breastfeeding initiation, and the secondary exploratory aim was to determine if any racial disparities are associated with ppDMPA receipt or its relationship to breastfeeding initiation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional retrospective chart review of maternal and newborn records at a large urban academic medical center...
October 26, 2016: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
Paul S Page, Alexander C Cambon, Robert F James
BACKGROUND: Intra-arterial thrombolysis (IAT) for the treatment of acute central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) has demonstrated variable results for improving visual acuity and remains controversial. Despite limited evidence, time from symptom onset to thrombolysis is believed to be an important factor in predicting visual improvement after IAT. METHODS: A comprehensive review of the literature was conducted and individual subject level data were extracted from relevant studies...
September 2016: Interventional Neurology
Dominique Peppers, Stephen F Figoni, Breda W Carroll, Michael M Chen, Sungchan Song, Witaya Mathiyakom
BACKGROUND: Physicians have difficulty predicting patients' occupational limitations, abilities and success from clinical evaluation (CE) of pathology and impairments, especially in the presence of chronic pain. Additional information from functional capacity evaluation (FCE) may improve the accuracy of their physical capacity assessments. It is not known if FCE information will change these assessments. No such study has been published using Veterans or non-Veterans. OBJECTIVE: to determine the influence of FCE data on the physician's assessment of the U...
October 22, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Kaila A Holtz, Rachel Lipson, Vanessa K Noonan, Brian K Kwon, Patricia B Mills
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence and impact of spasticity following traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: Prospective cohort study of the Rick Hansen Spinal Cord Injury Registry (RHSCIR) and retrospective review of inpatient medical charts. SETTING: Quaternary trauma centre, rehabilitation centre, and community settings in British Columbia, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals with a traumatic SCI between 2005 and 2014 prospectively enrolled in the Vancouver site RHSCIR were eligible for inclusion...
October 22, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
A Lora, A Lesage, S Pathare, I Levav
AIMS: Information is crucial in mental healthcare, yet it remains undervalued by stakeholders. Its absence undermines rationality in planning, makes it difficult to monitor service quality improvement, impedes accountability and human rights monitoring. For international organizations (e.g., WHO, OECD), information is indispensable for achieving better outcomes in mental health policies, services and programs. This article reviews the importance of developing system level information with reference to inputs, processes and outputs, analyzes available tools for collecting and summarizing information, highlights the various goals of information gathering, discusses implementation issues and charts the way forward...
October 26, 2016: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
John Patrick Lavo, David Ludlow, Matt Morgan, Gloria Caldito, Cherie-Ann Nathan
CONCLUSIONS: The two scales reliably measure laryngeal edema and dysfunction in laryngeal cancer patients. The eight categories from these scales, and abnormal pharyngeal squeeze, can be used to form a new rating scale intended to help clinicians identify and circumvent swallowing complications after chemo-irradiation. OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to compare two laryngeal edema rating scales in laryngeal cancer patients and determine if post-radiation +/- chemotherapy edema predicts dependence on a feeding tube and/or tracheostomy...
October 26, 2016: Acta Oto-laryngologica
Orawee Chinthakanan, John R Miklos, Robert D Moore, Deborah R Karp, Gladys M Nogueiras, G Willy Davila
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: 1) Evaluate the most common indication for sling removal in patients with synthetic mesh slings; 2) identify the location of pain for each of the three types of synthetic sling procedures including retropubic (RP) sling, transobturator (TOT) sling, and single incision slings (SIS), and 3) describe the surgical approach to each of the above and its associated complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review of all patients who underwent surgical removal of a sling due to a mesh-related complications from 2011 to 2013 at three referral centers...
October 26, 2016: Surgical Technology International
Sean Maroney, Carlos Chavez de Paz, Marjunphilip Duldulao, Tracey Kim, Mark E Reeves, Kevork K Kazanjian, Naveenraj Solomon, Carlos Garberoglio
There have been few studies directly comparing the postoperative complications in patients with a diverting ileostomy to patients who were not diverted after low anterior resection (LAR) for rectal carcinoma. This study is a retrospective chart review of all rectal carcinoma patients (99) who underwent a LAR from January 2009 to December 2014 at Loma Linda University Medical Center and Veterans Affairs Loma Linda Healthcare System. A majority of patients were diverted (58% vs 42%). The diverted patients were more likely to have a low tumor location (P < 0...
October 2016: American Surgeon
Jessica Gundy Cuneo, M Scott DeBerard, Anthony J Wheeler
STUDY DESIGN: This study was a retrospective-cohort design involving a review of patient medical and cost records and a 2-year post surgery follow-up outcome survey. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the functional and cost outcomes associated with recent lumbar fusion surgeries in Utah workers and compare these outcomes with a comparable prior study cohort. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Lumbar fusion performed on injured workers has dramatically increased over the past two decades and this likely coincided with the increased use of more advanced surgical instrumentation...
October 24, 2016: Spine
Jayanth Sridhar, Yoshihiro Yonekawa, Ajay E Kuriyan, Anthony Joseph, Benjamin J Thomas, Michelle C Liang, Nadim Rayess, Nidhi Relhan, Jeremy D Wolfe, Chirag P Shah, Andre J Witkin, Harry W Flynn, Sunir J Garg
PURPOSE: To report the clinical presentation, microbiologic spectrum, and visual outcomes associated with acute-onset infectious endophthalmitis undergoing therapeutic pars plana vitrectomy. METHODS: Multicenter interventional retrospective noncomparative consecutive case series. Billing records were reviewed to identify all charts for patients undergoing pars plana vitrectomy within 14 days of diagnosis of acute-onset infectious endophthalmitis over a 4-year period at 5 large tertiary referral retina practices...
October 21, 2016: Retina
Melissa Shields, Swati Sinkar, WengOnn Chan, John Crompton
PURPOSE: To characterize the clinical features, aetiology and management of ophthalmic symptoms in adult patients with Parinaud syndrome. METHODS: This is a retrospective, non-comparative observational case series. We reviewed 40 consecutive charts of adult patients with the clinical diagnosis of Parinaud syndrome at the Royal Adelaide Hospital Department of Ophthalmology in Adelaide, South Australia, between 1991 and 2016. Charts were reviewed for the following: (1) demographic information, (2) clinical presentation, (3) neuro-ophthalmology signs, (4) aetiology of Parinaud syndrome, and (5) management...
October 24, 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
Jason Kwah, Jennifer Weintraub, Robert Fallar, Jonathan Ripp
BACKGROUND : Burnout is a common issue in internal medicine residents, and its impact on medical errors and professionalism is an important subject of investigation. OBJECTIVE : To evaluate differences in medical errors and professionalism in internal medicine residents with and without burnout. METHODS : A single institution observational cohort study was conducted between June 2011 and July 2012. Burnout was measured using the Maslach Burnout Inventory to generate subscores for the following 3 domains: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and sense of personal accomplishment...
October 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
Michelle White, Kirsten Meenan, Tirth Patel, Aaron Jaworek, Robert T Sataloff
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the value of comprehensive laboratory evaluation in patients with vocal fold paralysis or paresis. STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective chart review. METHODS: Records of 231 patients with vocal fold paralysis or paresis were reviewed to determine whether there is a significant increase in the number of abnormal test results compared with rates of abnormal results for these tests in the general population and whether testing resulted in clinically important diagnosis...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Matthew J Grosso, Ari Berg, Samuel LaRussa, Taylor Murtaugh, David P Trofa, Jeffrey A Geller
BACKGROUND: Commercial silver-impregnated occlusive dressings (such as Aquacel Ag Surgical wound dressing) have been touted as antimicrobial dressings to be used following total joint arthroplasty. Given the increased cost of an Aquacel dressing over a standard dressing for total joint arthroplasty, the objective of this study was to determine whether Aquacel surgical dressing is effective in reducing the rates of acute periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) compared to standard sterile dressing...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Marianne Abouyared, Mikhaylo Szczupak, Eric Barbarite, Zoukaa B Sargi, David E Rosow
PURPOSE: The purpose was to assess the success of open tracheal resection and re-anastomosis for non-malignant tracheal stenosis in adults. Successful operations were defined as T-tube or tracheostomy-free status by 6months post-operatively. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective chart review was performed and data were recorded in a de-identified manner. The primary outcome was T-tube or tracheostomy-free status by 6months following tracheal resection. Clinical and demographic characteristics were evaluated as potential prognostic variables...
September 7, 2016: American Journal of Otolaryngology
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