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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284166/functional-screening-tests-interrelationships-and-ability-to-predict-vertical-jump-performance
#1
Irineu Loturco, Lucas Adriano Pereira, Ronaldo Kobal, Cesar Cavinato Cal Abad, William Komatsu, Ronaldo Cunha, Gustavo Arliani, Benno Ejnisman, Alberto de Castro Pochini, Fábio Yuzo Nakamura, Moises Cohen
There are several methods used in sports science to identify asymmetries in athletes, given their purported relevance to injury prevention and performance optimization. We aimed to verify whether asymmetries provided by isokinetic assessments, jump tests, and tensiomyography (TMG) are associated with each other, and whether their respective functional indices are related to jumping ability. TMG parameters, unilateral and bilateral squat-jump (SJ) and countermovement-jump (CMJ) performances, and peak torque in knee-extension and flexion with angular velocities of 60o/s and 300o/s for twenty-four soccer players were retained for analyses...
December 28, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259807/weaker-lower-extremity-muscle-strength-predicts-traumatic-knee-injury-in-youth-female-but-not-male-athletes
#2
Sofia Ryman Augustsson, Eva Ageberg
Background: The role of lower extremity (LE) muscle strength for predicting traumatic knee injury in youth athletes is largely unknown. Aims: The aim was to investigate the influence of LE muscle strength on traumatic knee injury in youth female and male athletes. Methods: 225 athletes (40% females) from sport senior high schools in Sweden were included in this case-control study. The athletes recorded any traumatic knee injury that had occurred during their high-school period in a web-based injury form...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234559/clinical-measures-of-hip-range-of-motion-do-not-correlate-with-the-degree-of-cam-morphology-in-semi-elite-australian-footballers-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Myles Murphy, Joanne Kemp, Anne Smith, Jonathon Charlesworth, Kathy Briffa
Background: Clinical testing to determine the presence of a cam morphology is becoming more common however the correlation between hip range of motion and the degree of cam morphology remains controversial in the literature. The prevalence of a cam morphology in athletes has been reported as higher than in the general population but the prevalence of cam morphology has not been reported in Australian Football (AF). Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the correlation between hip range of motion and hip alpha angle and report the proportion of players with a cam morphology in a sample of AF players...
December 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214619/real-time-interrater-reliability-of-a-novel-musculoskeletal-readiness-screening-tool
#4
Mark D Thelen, Shane L Koppenhaver, Shanee E Allen, Michael U Bolduc, Riley K Quan, Anne E Sidwell
Military service members receive regular screenings for a variety of health conditions, but a field-expedient and military-specific screening tool that identifies an individual's risk for injury has not yet been identified. The purpose of this study is to describe the conduct of a novel musculoskeletal readiness screening tool (MRST) and evaluate the real-time interrater reliability of the MRST when scored by raters with differing levels of medical experience. MATERIALS/METHODS: This study included a convenience sample of 40 active duty military participants (30 male, 10 female, mean age 29...
October 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170690/correlation-between-the-functional-movement-screen-and-hip-mobility-in-ncaa-division-ii-athletes
#5
Matthew T Jenkins, Robert Gustitus, Mike Iosia, Taz Kicklighter, Yuichi Sasaki
The Functional Movement Screen (FMS) is a series of seven exercises designed to assess athletes prior to competitive training to determine dysfunctional movement patterns. The exercises include the deep squat (DS), hurdle step (HS), inline lunge (IL), shoulder mobility (SM), active straight leg raise (ASL), pushup (PU), and rotary stability (RS), all of which comprise the composite score (FMS CS). The purpose of this study was to determine correlations between the FMS screens and hip mobility. The specific hip range-of-motion exercises used were bilateral internal/external rotation (IRR, IRL ERL, ERR), and flexion/extension (FL, FR, ER, EL)...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158958/the-functional-movement-screen-fms%C3%A2-in-elite-young-soccer-players-between-14-and-20-years-composite-score-individual-test-scores-and-asymmetries
#6
Vanessa Bernardes Marques, Thales Menezes Medeiros, Felipe de Souza Stigger, Fábio Yuzo Nakamura, Bruno Manfredini Baroni
Background: The Functional Movement Screen (FMS™) is a widely used seven-test battery used by practitioners working in sport medicine. The FMS™ composite score (sum of seven tests) in soccer athletes from different competitive levels has been well explored in literature, but the specific movement deficits presented by young high competitive level players remains unclear. Purpose: The aim of the present study was to provide a detailed description of the performance of elite young soccer players (age 14-20 years) on the FMS™ testing battery...
November 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114527/effects-of-special-exercise-programs-on-functional-movement-screen-scores-and-injury-prevention-in-preprofessional-young-football-players
#7
Engin Dinc, Bekir Eray Kilinc, Muge Bulat, Yunus Turgay Erten, Bülent Bayraktar
To increase movement capacity and to reduce injury risk in young soccer players by implementing a special functional exercise program based on functional movement screen (FMS) and correctives. 67 young male athletes 14-19 years of age from a Super League Football Club Academy participated in the study. Functional movement patterns were evaluated with FMS assessment protocol. Deep squat, hurdle step, inline lunge, shoulder mobility, active straight leg raise, trunk stability push-up, and rotatory stability were examined in FMS...
October 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019743/injury-prevention-in-male-youth-soccer-current-practices-and-perceptions-of-practitioners-working-at-elite-english-academies
#8
Paul J Read, Pablo Jimenez, Jon L Oliver, Rhodri S Lloyd
Forty-one practitioners inclusive of physiotherapists, sports scientists and strength and conditioning coaches from the academies of elite soccer clubs in the United Kingdom completed an on-line questionnaire which examined their: (1) background information; (2) perceptions of injury occurrence and risk factors; (3) screening and return to play; and (4) approach to designing and delivering injury prevention programmes with a response rate of 55% (41/75). Contact injuries were the most common mechanism reported and players between 13-16 years of age were perceived to be at the greatest risk...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919122/functional-movement-screen-pain-versus-composite-score-and-injury-risk
#9
Joseph A Alemany, Timothy T Bushman, Tyson Grier, Morgan K Anderson, Michelle Canham-Chervak, William J North, Bruce H Jones
OBJECTIVES: The Functional Movement Screen (FMS™) has been used as a screening tool to determine musculoskeletal injury risk using composite scores based on movement quality and/or pain. However, no direct comparisons between movement quality and pain have been quantified. DESIGN: Retrospective injury data analysis. METHODS: Male Soldiers (n=2154, 25.0±1.3years; 26.2±.7kg/m(2)) completed the FMS (scored from 0 points (pain) to 3 points (no pain and perfect movement quality)) with injury data over the following six months...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872403/reliability-of-squat-movement-competency-screen-in-individuals-with-a-previous-knee-injury
#10
Suzi Edwards, Mark Liberatore
CONTEXT: Movement screens are a common method of assessing movement efficiency either against a specific criterion of segments/joint(s) motion (segmental method), or a summary label of general quality of the whole movement (overall method). While not as commonly utilized within clinical practice as the segmental method, the overall method is less time consuming to perform and more reliable. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the reliability of the "overall" method approach during a squat in individuals with a previous knee joint injury...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808951/what-is-the-diagnostic-accuracy-of-the-duck-walk-test-in-detecting-meniscal-tears
#11
COMPARATIVE STUDY
A Van der Post, J C A Noorduyn, V A B Scholtes, E L A R Mutsaerts
BACKGROUND: Clinical weightbearing provocation tests, like the duck walk test, may be of value in diagnosing or screening for medial meniscal tears. However, evidence of the diagnostic accuracy of the duck walk test is lacking. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) To determine the sensitivity and specificity of the duck walk test in diagnosing medial meniscal tears. (2) To determine whether tear location, tear cause (traumatic versus degenerative), and ACL insufficiency were associated with differences in the sensitivity and specificity of the test...
December 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742602/is-there-a-relationship-between-the-functional-movement-screen-star-excursion-balance-test-and-balance-error-scoring-system
#12
Nicole D Harshbarger, Barton E Anderson, Kenneth C Lam
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate associations between the Functional Movement Screen (FMS), Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT), and Balance Error Scoring System (BESS) scores. DESIGN: Correlational. SETTING: College athletic training facilities. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-two intercollegiate athletes (men = 36 and women = 16) representing 8 sports and cleared for unrestricted sport participation. INTERVENTIONS: Participants completed the FMS, SEBT, and BESS, in random order, during 1 testing session...
July 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737611/can-resistance-training-enhance-the-rapid-force-development-in-unloaded-dynamic-isoinertial-multi-joint-movements-a-systematic-review
#13
Bas Van Hooren, Frans Bosch, Kenneth Meijer
Van Hooren, B, Bosch, F, and Meijer, K. Can resistance training enhance the rapid force development in unloaded dynamic isoinertial multi-joint movements? A systematic review. J Strength Cond Res 31(8): 2324-2337, 2017-The objectives of this systematic review were to (a) evaluate whether resistance training can improve the rapid force development in unloaded dynamic isoinertial multi-joint movements and (b) investigate whether these effects differ between untrained/recreationally trained and well-trained individuals...
August 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714791/influence-of-body-composition-on-functional-movement-screen%C3%A2-scores-in-collegiate-football-players
#14
Constantine P Nicolozakes, Daniel K Schneider, Ben Rower, James Borchers, Timothy E Hewett
CONTEXT: The Functional Movement Screen (FMS™) is used to identify movement asymmetries and deficiencies. While obesity has been reported to impede movement, the correlation between body mass index (BMI), body fat percentage (BF%), and FMS™ in athletes is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine if there is a relationship between BMI, BF%, and FMS™ scores in a sample of National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I football athletes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650736/test-retest-reliability-of-jump-execution-variables-using-mechanography-a-comparison-of-jump-protocols
#15
John S Fitzgerald, LuAnn Johnson, Grant Tomkinson, Jesse Stein, James N Roemmich
Mechanography during the vertical jump may enhance screening and determining mechanistic causes underlying physical performance changes. Utility of jump mechanography for evaluation is limited by scant test-retest reliability data on force-time variables. This study examined the test-retest reliability of eight jump execution variables assessed from mechanography. Thirty-two women (mean±SD: age 20.8 ± 1.3 yr) and 16 men (age 22.1 ± 1.9 yr) attended a familiarization session and two testing sessions, all one week apart...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631257/the-validity-and-responsiveness-of-isometric-lower-body-multi-joint-tests-of-muscular-strength-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
David Drake, Rodney Kennedy, Eric Wallace
BACKGROUND: Researchers and practitioners working in sports medicine and science require valid tests to determine the effectiveness of interventions and enhance understanding of mechanisms underpinning adaptation. Such decision making is influenced by the supportive evidence describing the validity of tests within current research. The objective of this study is to review the validity of lower body isometric multi-joint tests ability to assess muscular strength and determine the current level of supporting evidence...
December 2017: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612890/technology-in-rehabilitation-comparing-personalised-and-global-classification-methodologies-in-evaluating-the-squat-exercise-with-wearable-imus
#17
Darragh F Whelan, Martin A O'Reilly, Tomás E Ward, Eamonn Delahunt, Brian Caulfield
BACKGROUND: The barbell squat is a popularly used lower limb rehabilitation exercise. It is also an integral exercise in injury risk screening protocols. To date athlete/patient technique has been assessed using expensive laboratory equipment or subjective clinical judgement; both of which are not without shortcomings. Inertial measurement units (IMUs) may offer a low cost solution for the objective evaluation of athlete/patient technique. However, it is not yet known if global classification techniques are effective in identifying naturally occurring, minor deviations in barbell squat technique...
October 26, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602106/a-comparison-of-performance-on-the-keitel-functional-test-by-persons-with-systemic-sclerosis-and-rheumatoid-arthritis
#18
Janet L Poole, Amy New, Christina Garcia
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to compare lower extremity impairments in persons with systemic sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, and healthy controls. METHODS: The participants were a convenience sample of 64 persons with systemic sclerosis, 58 persons with rheumatoid arthritis, and 30 healthy controls. The Keitel Functional Test was used to assess lower extremity joint motion and strength. Demographic information on age, disease duration, employment, and perceived overall health was also collected...
June 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593095/load-enhanced-movement-quality-screening-and-tactical-athleticism-an-extension-of-evidence
#19
Stephen M Glass, Randy J Schmitz, Christopher K Rhea, Scott E Ross
BACKGROUND: Military organizations use movement quality screening for prediction of injury risk and performance potential. Currently, evidence of an association between movement quality and performance is limited. Recent work has demonstrated that external loading strengthens the relationship between movement screens and performance outcomes. Such loading may therefore steer us toward robust implementations of movement quality screens while maintaining their appeal as cost effective, field-expedient tools...
June 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515971/prediction-of-functional-movement-screen%C3%A2-performance-from-lower-extremity-range-of-motion-and-core-tests
#20
Nicole J Chimera, Shelby Knoeller, Ron Cooper, Nicholas Kothe, Craig Smith, Meghan Warren
BACKGROUND: There are varied reports in the literature regarding the association of the Functional Movement Screen™ (FMS™) with injury. The FMS™ has been correlated with hamstring range of motion and plank hold times; however, limited research is available on the predictability of lower extremity range of motion (ROM) and core function on FMS™ performance. PURPOSE/HYPOTHESES: The purpose of this study was to examine whether active lower extremity ROM measurements and core functional tests predict FMS™ performance...
April 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
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