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Volume kinetics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645809/enhanced-in-vivo-retention-of-low-dose-bmp-2-via-heparin-microparticle-delivery-does-not-accelerate-bone-healing-in-a-critically-sized-femoral-defect
#1
Marian H Hettiaratchi, Tel Rouse, Catherine Chou, Laxminarayanan Krishnan, Hazel Y Stevens, Mon-Tzu A Li, Todd C McDevitt, Robert E Guldberg
Bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) is an osteoinductive growth factor used clinically to induce bone regeneration and fusion. Some complications associated with BMP-2 treatment have been attributed to rapid release of BMP-2 from conventional collagen scaffolds, motivating the development of tunable sustained-release strategies. We incorporated BMP-2-binding heparin microparticles (HMPs) into a hydrogel scaffold to improve spatiotemporal control of BMP-2 delivery to large bone defects. HMPs pre-loaded with BMP-2 were mixed into alginate hydrogels and compared to hydrogels containing BMP-2 alone...
June 20, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644546/-18-f-fluoromisonidazole-uptake-in-advanced-stage-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-voxel-by-voxel-pet-kinetics-study
#2
Daniel R McGowan, Ruth E Macpherson, Sara L Hackett, Dan Liu, Fergus V Gleeson, W Gillies McKenna, Geoff S Higgins, John D Fenwick
PURPOSE: To determine the relative abilities of compartment models to describe time-courses of 18F-fluoromisonidazole (FMISO) uptake in tumor voxels of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) imaged using dynamic positron emission tomography. Also to use fits of the best-performing model to investigate changes in fitted rate-constants with distance from the tumor edge. METHODS: Reversible and irreversible two- and three-tissue compartment models were fitted to 24,662 individual voxel time activity curves (TACs) obtained from tumors in 9 patients, each imaged twice...
June 23, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643429/advances-and-challenges-in-metal-sulfides-selenides-for-next-generation-rechargeable-sodium-ion-batteries
#3
REVIEW
Zhe Hu, Qiannan Liu, Shu-Lei Chou, Shi-Xue Dou
Rechargeable sodium-ion batteries (SIBs), as the most promising alternative to commercial lithium-ion batteries, have received tremendous attention during the last decade. Among all the anode materials for SIBs, metal sulfides/selenides (MXs) have shown inspiring results because of their versatile material species and high theoretical capacity. They suffer from large volume expansion, however, which leads to bad cycling performance. Thus, methods such as carbon modification, nanosize design, electrolyte optimization, and cut-off voltage control are used to obtain enhanced performance...
June 23, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638961/evaluation-of-systolic-and-diastolic-properties-of-hypertensive-heart-failure-using-speckle-tracking-echocardiography-with-high-volume-rates
#4
Shingo Minatoguchi, Masanori Kawasaki, Ryuhei Tanaka, Takashi Yoshizane, Koji Ono, Maki Saeki, Maki Nagaya, Hidemaro Sato, Kazuhiko Nishigaki, Toshiyuki Noda, Michael R Zile, Shinya Minatoguchi
Left ventricular (LV) properties in hypertension (HTN) could be deteriorated by pressure overload, especially in endocardium, resulting in hypertensive heart failure (HHF). We sought to noninvasively examine LV systolic and diastolic functions at three myocardial layers in HTN and elucidate features of HHF by speckle-tracking echocardiography (STE) with high volume rates. We examined normotensive controls (n = 54), HTN patients without LV hypertrophy (LVH) (n = 50), and HTN patients with LVH (n = 40) and HHF patients (n = 45)...
June 21, 2017: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636369/dynamics-of-charged-species-in-ionic-neutral-block-copolymer-and-surfactant-complexes
#5
Jose M Borreguero, Philip A Pincus, Bobby G Sumpter, Monojoy Goswami
Structure-property relationships of ionic block copolymer (BCP) surfactant complexes are critical towards the progress of favorable engineering design of efficient charge transport materials. In this article, molecular dynamics simulations are used to understand the dynamics of charge-neutral BCP and surfactant complexes. The dynamics are examined for two different systems, charged-neutral double hydrophilic and hydrophobic-hydrophilic block copolymers with oppositely charged surfactant moieties. The dynamics of the surfactant head, tails and charges are studied for five different BCP volume fractions...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633817/computational-study-of-state-equation-effect-on-single-acoustic-cavitation-bubble-s-phenomenon
#6
Kaouther Kerboua, Oualid Hamdaoui
Many models have been established to study the evolution of the bubble dynamics and chemical kinetics within a single acoustic cavitation bubble during its oscillation. The content of the bubble is a gas medium that generates the evolution of a chemical mechanism governed by the internal bubble conditions. These gases are described by a state equation, linking the pressure to the volume, temperature and species amounts, and influencing simultaneously the dynamical, the thermal and the mass variation in the cavitation bubble...
September 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631792/nanoscopic-dynamics-of-bicontinous-microemulsions-effect-of-membrane-associated-protein
#7
V K Sharma, Douglas G Hayes, Volker S Urban, Hugh M O'Neill, M Tyagi, E Mamontov
Bicontinous microemulsions (BμE) generally consist of nanodomains formed by surfactant in a mixture of water and oil at nearly equal proportions and are potential candidates for the solubilization and purification of membrane proteins. Here we present the first time report of nanoscopic dynamics of surfactant monolayers within BμEs formed by the anionic surfactant sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) measured on the nanosecond to picosecond time scale using quasielastic neutron scattering (QENS). BμEs investigated herein consisted of middle phases isolated from Winsor-III microemulsion systems that were formed by mixing aqueous and oil solutions under optimal conditions...
June 20, 2017: Soft Matter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627562/a-novel-combined-chemical-kinetic-and-trapping-method-for-probing-the-relationships-between-chemical-reactivity-and-interfacial-h2o-br-and-h-ion-molarities-in-ctab-c12e6-mixed-micelles
#8
Aijaz Ahmad Dar, Laurence S Romsted, Nighat Nazir, Yongliang Zhang, Xiang Gao, Qing Gu, Changyao Liu
A delicate balance-of-forces governs the interactions responsible for surfactant self-assembly and chemical reactivity within them. Chemical reactions in micellar media generally occur in the interfacial region of micelles that is a complex mixture of: water, headgroups, counterions, co-ions, acids or bases, organic solvents, and the reactants themselves. We have carried out a detailed study of a complex chemical reaction in mixed CTAB/C12E6 micelles by using the chemical kinetic (CK) and chemical trapping (CT) methods...
June 19, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626247/time-resolved-saxs-studies-of-the-kinetics-of-thermally-triggered-release-of-encapsulated-silica-nanoparticles-from-block-copolymer-vesicles
#9
Charlotte J Mable, Matthew J Derry, Kate L Thompson, Lee A Fielding, Oleksandr O Mykhaylyk, Steven P Armes
Silica-loaded poly(glycerol monomethacrylate)-poly(2-hydroxypropyl methacrylate) diblock copolymer vesicles are prepared in the form of concentrated aqueous dispersions via polymerization-induced self-assembly (PISA). As the concentration of silica nanoparticles present during the PISA synthesis is increased up to 35% w/w, higher degrees of encapsulation of this component within the vesicles can be achieved. After centrifugal purification to remove excess non-encapsulated silica nanoparticles, SAXS, DCP, and TGA analysis indicates encapsulation of up to hundreds of silica nanoparticles per vesicle...
June 13, 2017: Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620814/oil-palm-fiber-biodegradation-physico-chemical-and-structural-relationships
#10
Farah Nadia Omar, Halimatun Saadiah Hafid, Azhari Samsu Baharuddin, Mohd Afandi P Mohammed, Jaafar Abdullah
X-ray microtomography results revealed that delignification process damaged the oil palm fibers, which correlated well with reduction of lignin components and increase of the phenolic content. Biodegradation investigation of natural fibers normally focuses on physico-chemical analysis, with less emphasis on physical aspect like fiber structures affect from microbial activity. In this work, the performance of Pycnoporus sanguineus to delignify oil palm empty fruit bunch fibers through solid-state fermentation utilizing various ratio of POME sludge was reported...
June 15, 2017: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618778/tunable-large-pore-mesoporous-carbons-for-the-enhanced-adsorption-of-humic-acid
#11
Wannes Libbrecht, A Verberckmoes, Joris W Thybaut, Pascal Van Der Voort, Jeriffa De Clercq
Tunable large pore soft templated mesoporous carbons (SMC) were obtained via the organic self-assembly of resorcinol/formaldehyde with the triblock copolymer F127 and by studying the effect of carbon precursor to surfactant (p/s) ratio and carbonization temperature on the material characteristics. The p/s ratio and carbonization temperature were varied respectively from 0.83 to 0.25 and from 400 °C to 1200 °C. The resulting SMCs had various average pore sizes, tunable from 7 up to 50 nm. At lower p/s ratios, the pore size increased, pore size distributions broadened and pore volumes increased...
June 15, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618469/collisional-dissipation-rate-in-shearing-flows-of-granular-liquid-crystals
#12
Diego Berzi, Nha Thai-Quang, Yu Guo, Jennifer Curtis
We make use of discrete-element-method numerical simulations of inelastic frictionless cylinders in simple shearing at different length-to-diameter ratios and solid volume fractions to analyze the rate of collisional dissipation of the fluctuation kinetic energy. We show that the nonspherical geometry of the particles is responsible, by inducing rotation, for increasing the dissipation rate of the fluctuation kinetic energy with respect to that for frictionless spheres. We also suggest that the partial alignment of the cylinders induced by shearing concurs with the particle inelasticity in generating correlation in the velocity fluctuations and thus affecting the collisional dissipation rate as the solid volume fraction increases...
May 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613341/three-dimensional-interpenetrating-mesoporous-carbon-confining-sno2-particles-for-superior-sodiation-desodiation-properties
#13
Jagabandhu Patra, Purna Chandra Rath, Cheng-Hsein Yang, Diganta Saikia, Hsien-Ming Kao, Jeng-Kuei Chang
Nanosized SnO2 particles (∼2 nm in diameter) are embedded in ordered mesoporous CMK-8 carbon with unique three-dimensional interconnected pore channels and used as a sodium-ion battery (NIB) anode. Due to the CMK-8 confinement effects, the growth of SnO2 is suppressed during synthesis, leading to high material electroactivity. The CMK-8 not only serves as an electronic conducting pathway, but also creates interpenetrating tunnels, which guarantee electrolyte accessibility and thus Na(+) transport throughout the electrode...
June 14, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611119/turbulent-kinetic-energy-assessed-by-multipoint-4-dimensional-flow-magnetic-resonance-imaging-provides-additional-information-relative-to-echocardiography-for-the-determination-of-aortic-stenosis-severity
#14
Christian Binter, Alexander Gotschy, Simon H Sündermann, Michelle Frank, Felix C Tanner, Thomas F Lüscher, Robert Manka, Sebastian Kozerke
BACKGROUND: Turbulent kinetic energy (TKE), assessed by 4-dimensional (4D) flow magnetic resonance imaging, is a measure of energy loss in disturbed flow as it occurs, for instance, in aortic stenosis (AS). This work investigates the additional information provided by quantifying TKE for the assessment of AS severity in comparison to clinical echocardiographic measures. METHODS AND RESULTS: Fifty-one patients with AS (67±15 years, 20 female) and 10 healthy age-matched controls (69±5 years, 5 female) were prospectively enrolled to undergo multipoint 4D flow magnetic resonance imaging...
June 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606910/na-k-pump-inactivation-subsarcolemmal-na-measurements-and-cytoplasmic-ion-turnover-kinetics-contradict-restricted-na-spaces-in-murine-cardiac-myocytes
#15
Fang-Min Lu, Donald W Hilgemann
Decades ago, it was proposed that Na transport in cardiac myocytes is modulated by large changes in cytoplasmic Na concentration within restricted subsarcolemmal spaces. Here, we probe this hypothesis for Na/K pumps by generating constitutive transsarcolemmal Na flux with the Na channel opener veratridine in whole-cell patch-clamp recordings. Using 25 mM Na in the patch pipette, pump currents decay strongly during continuous activation by extracellular K (τ, ∼2 s). In contradiction to depletion hypotheses, the decay becomes stronger when pump currents are decreased by hyperpolarization...
June 12, 2017: Journal of General Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606527/tin-iv-cross-linked-chitosan-for-the-removal-of-as-iii
#16
Anita Shekhawat, Shashikant Kahu, D Saravanan, Ravin Jugade
Chitosan, a potent amino polysaccharide, has been cross-linked with Sn(IV) chloride. The material was thoroughly characterized using FT-IR, XRD, SEM, EDX, TGA-DTA and BET studies. This Sn(IV) chloride cross-linked chitosan (Sn-Ch) has been exploited for As(III) adsorption. Various parameters like pH, amount of adsorbent, adsorption time etc have been optimized to achieve maximum adsorption efficiency. Under optimum conditions of pH 7.0±0.2, adsorption time of 45min and adsorbent dose 200mg, Sn-Ch was found to have adsorption capacity of 17...
September 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602644/increased-kinetic-growth-rate-during-late-phase-liver-regeneration-impacts-the-risk-of-tumor-recurrence-after-colorectal-liver-metastases-resection
#17
Georgios A Margonis, Kazunari Sasaki, Nikolaos Andreatos, Manijeh Zargham Pour, Nannan Shao, Mounes Aliyari Ghasebeh, Stefan Buettner, Efstathios Antoniou, Christopher L Wolfgang, Matthew Weiss, Ihab R Kamel, Timothy M Pawlik
BACKGROUND: Although experimental data strongly support the pro-tumorigenic role of postoperative liver regeneration, this hypothesis has not been clinically investigated. We aimed to examine the impact of liver regeneration determined by volumetric imaging on recurrence following resection of colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM). METHODS: Resected liver volume was subtracted from total liver volume (TLV) to define postoperative remnant liver volume (RLVp). Early and late kinetic growth rates (KGR) were defined as the postoperative increases in liver volume within 2-3 and 8-10 months from surgery, respectively, divided by the corresponding time interval...
June 8, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602003/evaluation-of-ethyl-lactate-as-solvent-in-fenton-oxidation-for-the-remediation-of-total-petroleum-hydrocarbon-tph-contaminated-soil
#18
Seyedeh Pegah Jalilian Ahmadkalaei, Suyin Gan, Hoon Kiat Ng, Suhaimi Abdul Talib
Due to the health and environmental risks posed by the presence of petroleum-contaminated areas around the world, remediation of petroleum-contaminated soil has drawn much attention from researchers. Combining Fenton reaction with a solvent has been proposed as a novel way to remediate contaminated soils. In this study, a green solvent, ethyl lactate (EL), has been used in conjunction with Fenton's reagents for the remediation of diesel-contaminated soil. The main aim of this research is to determine how the addition of EL affects Fenton reaction for the destruction of total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPHs) within the diesel range...
June 11, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599855/impact-of-droplet-evaporation-rate-on-resulting-in-vitro-performance-parameters-of-pressurized-metered-dose-inhalers
#19
Poonam Sheth, Matthew R Grimes, Stephen W Stein, Paul B Myrdal
Pressurized metered dose inhalers (pMDIs) are widely used for the treatment of pulmonary diseases. The overall efficiency of pMDI drug delivery may be defined by in vitro parameters such as the amount of drug that deposits on the model throat and the proportion of the emitted dose that has particles that are sufficiently small to deposit in the lung (i.e., fine particle fraction, FPF). The study presented examines product performance of ten solution pMDI formulations containing a variety of cosolvents with diverse chemical characteristics by cascade impaction with three inlets (USP induction port, Alberta Idealized Throat, and a large volume chamber)...
June 6, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599509/the-effect-of-a-small-amount-sio2-on-sintering-kinetics-of-tetragonal-zirconia-nanopowders
#20
Marharyta Lakusta, Igor Danilenko, Tetyana Konstantinova, Galina Volkova, Igor Nosolev, Oksana Gorban, Susanna Syniakina, Valery Burkhovetskiy
In the present paper the sintering behavior of 3 mol% yttria-stabilized zirconia (3Y-TZP) with and without small amount (0.2 wt %) of SiO2 additive was investigated. It has been studied the silica impact which was added in two ways (co-precipitation and mechanical mixing) on sintering kinetics of 3Y-TZP nanopowders at the initial sintering stage. It was found the silica additive leads to the changing in the predominant sintering mechanism at the initial sintering stage from volume (VD) to the grain boundary diffusion (GBD) in nanopowders obtained by co-precipitation...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
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