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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918597/effect-of-vibration-on-postural-control-and-gait-of-elderly-subjects-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Atefeh Aboutorabi, Mokhtar Arazpour, Mahmood Bahramizadeh, Farzam Farahmand, Reza Fadayevatan
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Gait and balance disorders are common in the elderly populations, and their prevalence increases with age. This systematic review was performed to summarize the current evidence for subthreshold vibration interventions on postural control and gait in elderly. METHOD: A review of intervention studies including the following words in the title/abstract: insole, foot and ankle appliances, vibration, noise and elderly related to balance and gait...
September 16, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918571/the-effect-of-communication-skills-training-on-patient-pharmacist-communication-in-pharmacy-education-a-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Hye Kyung Jin, Jae Hee Choi, Ji Eun Kang, Sandy Jeong Rhie
Communication skills in pharmacy education and practice are increasingly regarded as a crucial component. However, thus far, estimating of the overall communication skills training (CST) effects in a variety of outcomes is lacking. The aim of this study was to synthesize the effects of CST in pharmacy education by performing a meta-analysis of CST studies. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, ERIC, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Communication and Mass Media Complete (CMMC), key journals, and bibliographic databases...
September 16, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918564/mri-combined-with-pet-ct-of-different-tracers-to-improve-the-accuracy-of-glioma-diagnosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Yihan Yang, Mike Z He, Tao Li, Xuejun Yang
Based on studies focusing on positron emission tomography (PET)-computed tomography (CT) combined with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the diagnosis of glioma, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis evaluating the pros and cons and the accuracy of different examinations. PubMed and Cochrane Library were searched. The search was conducted until April 2017. Two reviewers independently conducted the literature search according to the criteria set initially. Based on the exclusion criteria, 15 articles are included in this study...
September 16, 2017: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918471/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-versus-cardiopulmonary-bypass-during-lung-transplantation-a-meta-analysis
#4
Dimitrios E Magouliotis, Vasiliki S Tasiopoulou, Alexis A Svokos, Konstantina A Svokos, Dimitris Zacharoulis
BACKGROUND: We reviewed the available literature on patients undergoing lung transplantation supported by cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed in three databases, in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines. Meta-analyses were used to compare the outcomes of ECMO and CPB procedures. RESULTS: Seven observational studies met the inclusion criteria incorporating 785 patients...
September 16, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918384/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-effectiveness-of-preoperative-embolization-in-surgery-for-metastatic-spine-disease
#5
Panya Luksanapruksa, Jacob M Buchowski, Sasima Tongsai, Weerasak Singhatanadgige, Jack W Jennings
BACKGROUND: Preoperative embolization (PE) may decrease intraoperative blood loss (IBL) in decompressive surgery of hypervascular spinal metastases. However, no consensus has been found in other metastases and no meta-analysis which reviewed the benefit of PE in spinal metastases has been conducted. OBJECTIVE: To assess IBL in spinal metastases surgery in a randomized controlled trial (RCT) and cohort studies comparing PE and a control group of non-embolized patients...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918371/willems-method-of-dental-age-estimation-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
J S Sehrawat, Monika Singh
BACKGROUND: Age estimation from dental developmental stages is considered comparatively more accurate, reliable and precise than other methods used in forensic sciences. Willems method is the revised version of Demirjian method, based on modified dental maturity scores to estimate age of children in years for both the sexes. AIMS: To test the applicability and accuracy level of Willems method of dental age estimation in diverse population samples by quantifying the variations between the chronological and estimated ages of an individual...
August 25, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918345/meta-analysis-on-the-impact-of-the-acute-care-surgery-model-of-disease-specific-and-patient-outcomes-in-appendicitis-and-biliary-disease
#7
Patrick B Murphy, Kristin DeGirolamo, Theunis Jean Van Zyl, Laura Allen, Elliott Haut, W Robert Leeper, Ken Leslie, Neil Parry, Morad Hameed, Kelly N Vogt
BACKGROUND: The acute care surgery (ACS) model was developed to acknowledge the complexity of a traditionally fractured emergency general surgery patient population; however there are variations in the design of ACS service models. This meta-analysis analyzes the impact of implementation of different ACS models on the outcomes for appendicitis and biliary disease. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic, English-language search of major databases was conducted. From 1,827 papers, 2 independent reviewers identified 25 studies that reported on outcomes for patients with appendicitis (13) biliary disease (7) or both (5) before and after implementation of an ACS service...
September 13, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918302/a-practical-guide-to-systematic-literature-reviews-and-meta-analyses-in-infection-prevention-planning-challenges-and-execution
#8
Marin L Schweizer, Rajeshwari Nair
Systematic literature reviews and meta-analyses are important research designs used to summarize and derive conclusions about the collective evidence on a focused research question in a structured, reproducible manner. The goal of this Methodology Minute is to describe how to conduct a systematic literature review and meta-analysis using a step-by-step approach to help infection preventionists (IPs) and others in the field perform their own systematic literature review and meta-analysis, and to critically evaluate published systematic literature reviews and meta-analyses...
September 13, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918203/short-term-effects-of-preoperative-beta-blocker-use-for-isolated-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Liangshan Wang, Hong Wang, Xiaotong Hou
OBJECTIVE: The use of preoperative beta-blockers has been used as a quality standard for patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). However, the benefits of beta-blockers use before CABG remain controversial. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the short-term effects of preoperative beta-blocker use for patients undergoing isolated CABG. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library for English articles published from inception to August 16, 2016...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918111/the-timing-of-retears-after-arthroscopic-rotator-cuff-repair
#10
Deepak V Chona, Nikita Lakomkin, Ariana Lott, Alan D Workman, Aneel C Henry, Andrew F Kuntz, G Russell Huffman, David L Glaser
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the time dependence of the failure rate of surgically repaired rotator cuffs. Retears are significant, as they are common and may lead to less satisfactory outcomes and additional operations. Their timing is critical foundational information for understanding failure mechanisms. However, this remains unclear. Currently, there exist a number of studies that have reported retear rates at specific time points. Combining data from these publications can reveal when cuffs retear, which will help inform expectations and guidelines for progression of activity after surgery...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918100/transcriptomic-and-epigenomic-biomarkers-of-antidepressant-response
#11
REVIEW
Raoul Belzeaux, Rixing Lin, Chelsey Ju, Marc-Aurele Chay, Laura M Fiori, Pierre-Eric Lutz, Gustavo Turecki
BACKGROUND: Antidepressant treatment is associated with a high rate of poor response, and thus, biomarker development is warranted. METHODS: We aimed to synthesize studies investigating gene expression, small RNAs, and epigenomic biomarkers of antidepressant response. We conducted a narrative review of the literature. RESULTS: Firstly, we detailed the challenges involved, in terms of biological tissues, relevant study time frames, and mandatory statistical tools...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918085/positive-effects-of-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-on-spasticity-in-poststroke-patients-a-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Peipei Guo, Fuqiang Gao, Tingting Zhao, Wei Sun, Bailiang Wang, Zirong Li
BACKGROUND: Spasticity is a common and serious complication following a stroke, and many clinical research have been conducted to evaluate the effect of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) on muscle spasticity in poststroke patients. This meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the therapeutic effect on decreasing spasticity caused by a stroke immediately and 4 weeks after the application of shock wave therapy. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library databases for relevant studies through November 2016 using the following item: (Hypertonia OR Spasticity) and (Shock Wave or ESWT) and (Stroke)...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917955/lidocaine-gel-for-urethral-catheterization-in-children-a-meta-analysis
#13
Michael E Chua, Paul Nimrod B Firaza, Jessica M Ming, Jan Michael A Silangcruz, Luis H Braga, Armando J Lorenzo
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and safety of lidocaine gel vs nonanesthetic gel (NAG) in reducing transurethral bladder catheterization (TUBC) procedural pain in children. STUDY DESIGN: A systematic literature search was done using electronic medical databases and trial registries up to September 2016 with no language restrictions. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that assessed the efficacy and safety of lidocaine gel vs NAG in reducing TUBC-associated pain in children were screened, identified, and appraised...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917934/congenital-absence-of-the-palmaris-longus-muscle-a-meta-analysis-comparing-cadaveric-and-functional-studies
#14
Przemysław A Pękala, Brandon Michael Henry, Jakub R Pękala, Bendik Skinningsrud, Jerzy A Walocha, Mariusz Bonczar, Krzysztof A Tomaszewski
The aim of our paper was to provide comprehensive data on the prevalence of absence of palmaris longus muscle (PLM) and its anatomical characteristics and conduct two separate meta-analyses comparing cadaveric and functional studies while identifying variation among different ethnic groups. An extensive search was conducted through the major electronic databases to identify eligible articles. Data extracted included prevalence of absence of PLM among subjects, ethnicity, laterality, side, and gender. Our main findings revealed that the absence of PLM is more frequently reported in functional studies...
August 26, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917824/parkinson-s-disease-susceptibility-variants-and-severity-of-lewy-body-pathology
#15
Michael G Heckman, Koji Kasanuki, Nancy N Diehl, Shunsuke Koga, Alexandra Soto, Melissa E Murray, Dennis W Dickson, Owen A Ross
INTRODUCTION: Meta-analyses of genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have established common genetic risk factors for clinical Parkinson's disease (PD); however, associations between these risk factors and quantitative neuropathologic markers of disease severity have not been well-studied. This study evaluated associations of nominated variants from the most recent PD GWAS meta-analysis with Lewy body disease (LBD) subtype (brainstem, transitional, or diffuse) and pathologic burden of LB pathology as measured by LB counts in five cortical regions in a series of LBD cases...
September 11, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917704/accuracy-of-pedicle-screw-insertion-among-three-image-guided-navigation-systems-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Jin Peng Du, Yong Fan, Qi Ning Wu, Dai Hua Wang, Jing Zhang, Ding Jun Hao
BACKGROUND: Many retrospective studies of pedicle screw placement have revealed that intraoperative navigation systems provide higher accuracy rates and safety than do free-hand techniques. The accuracy of various image-guided navigation systems has been studied; however, differences have not been well defined due to the lack of adequate evidence-based comparative studies. OBJECTIVE: A meta-analysis was conducted to focus on the variation in pedicle screw insertion among three navigation systems: a three-dimensional fluoroscopy-based navigation system (3D FluoroNav), a two-dimensional fluoroscopy-based navigation system (2D FluoroNav) and a conventional computed tomography navigation system (CT Nav)...
September 13, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917594/key-steps-in-conducting-systematic-reviews-for-underpinning-clinical-practice-guidelines-methodology-of-the-european-association-of-urology
#17
Thomas Knoll, Muhammad Imran Omar, Steven Maclennan, Virginia Hernández, Steven Canfield, Yuhong Yuan, Max Bruins, Lorenzo Marconi, Hein Van Poppel, James N'Dow, Richard Sylvester
CONTEXT: The findings of systematic reviews (SRs) and meta-analyses (MAs) are used for clinical decision making. The European Association of Urology has committed increasing resources into the development of high quality clinical guidelines based on such SRs and MAs. OBJECTIVE: In this paper, we have summarised the process of conducting SRs for underpinning clinical practice guidelines under the auspices of the European Association of Urology Guidelines Office. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The process involves explicit methods and the findings should be reproducible...
September 13, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917562/an-updated-meta-analysis-of-novel-oral-anticoagulants-versus-vitamin-k-antagonists-for-uninterrupted-anticoagulation-in-atrial-fibrillation-catheter-ablation
#18
Rhanderson Cardoso, Leonardo Knijnik, Aditya Bhonsale, Guilherme Nasi, Manuel Rivera, Vanessa Blumer, Hugh Calkins
BACKGROUND: Catheter ablation is recommended as a first or second-line rhythm control therapy for selected patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). There is a wide variability in the periprocedural management of oral anticoagulation for patients undergoing AF ablation. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to perform an updated meta-analysis of novel oral anticoagulants (NOACs) vs. vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) as uninterrupted anticoagulation for patients undergoing AF ablation. METHODS: Databases and conference abstracts were searched...
September 13, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917504/update-on-the-risk-of-motor-vehicle-collision-or-driving-impairment-with-dementia-a-collaborative-international-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Justin N Chee, Mark J Rapoport, Frank Molnar, Nathan Herrmann, Desmond O'Neill, Richard Marottoli, Sara Mitchell, Mark Tant, Jamie Dow, Debbie Ayotte, Krista L Lanctôt, Regina McFadden, John-Paul Taylor, Paul C Donaghy, Kirsty Olsen, Sherrilene Classen, Yoassry Elzohairy, David B Carr
Guidelines that physicians use to assess fitness to drive for dementia are limited in their currency, applicability, and rigor of development. Therefore, we performed a systematic review to determine the risk of motor vehicle collisions (MVCs) or driving impairment caused by dementia, in order to update international guidelines on driving with dementia. Seven literature databases (MEDLINE, CINAHL, Embase, etc.) were searched for all research studies published after 2004 containing participants with mild, moderate, or severe dementia...
May 15, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917499/association-of-sleep-with-sudden-unexpected-death-in-epilepsy
#20
REVIEW
Ahmer Ali, Shasha Wu, Naoum P Issa, Sandra Rose, Vernon L Towle, Peter Warnke, James X Tao
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the association of sleep with sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP). METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis based on literature search from databases PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus using keywords "SUDEP", or "sudden unexpected death in epilepsy", or "sudden unexplained death in epilepsy". Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy was considered to occur during sleep if the patient was found in bed, if the SUDEP cases were documented as in sleep, or if the patient was found at bedside on the bedroom floor...
September 13, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
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