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CT angiogram

Guangming Wang, Jinlu Yu
INTRODUCTION: Chronic subdural hematoma(CSDH) can be treated by a relatively simple burr hole surgery. Acute subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) occurring after surgery for CSDH has been reported as a rare but severe complication. CASE REPORT: An 88-year-old female complained of progressive headache and dizziness for one month. A right fronto-temporo-parietal CSDH with a shift in the midline structures and lateral ventricle compression was shown by computed tomography (CT) scans...
March 3, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
G Mulkerrin, N M Hogan, M Sheehan, M R Joyce
INTRODUCTION: Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors (GISTs) are a rare slow growing malignancy, accounting for less than 1% of all gastrointestinal (GI) tract tumors. These tumors are usually discovered incidentally by endoscopy, surgery or radiology. However on occasions they may present with significant symptoms including GI blood loss. This case report discusses an atypical presentation of a GIST in a 57-year-old female. CASE PRESENTATION: A 57-year-old woman presented to the emergency department following one episode of melena...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Nancy Glober, Christopher R Tainter, Jesse Brennan, Mark Darocki, Morgan Klingfus, Michelle Choi, Brenna Derksen, Frances Rudolf, Gabriel Wardi, Edward Castillo, Theodore Chan
BACKGROUND: Assessment for pulmonary embolism (PE) in the emergency department (ED) remains complex, involving clinical decision tools, blood tests, and imaging. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to examine the test characteristics of the high-sensitivity d-dimer for the diagnosis of PE at our institution and evaluate use of the d-dimer and factors associated with a falsely elevated d-dimer. METHODS: We retrospectively collected data on adult patients evaluated with a d-dimer and computed tomography (CT) pulmonary angiogram or ventilation perfusion scan at two EDs between June 4, 2012 and March 30, 2016...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Jamie K Harrington, Warren A Zuckerman, Anjali Chelliah
If coronary artery sequelae are the only suggestive signs of previous Kawasaki disease, the diagnosis may easily be missed. We describe a rare case of a child with severe occlusive coronary disease likely owing to missed Kawasaki disease. This diagnosis was not initially considered given the age and absence of suggestive history. Careful echocardiographic assessment and low-radiation coronary CT angiogram resulted in successful diagnosis and treatment.
March 5, 2018: Cardiology in the Young
Biljana Milatović, Jovica Saponjski, Haris Huseinagić, Mirza Moranjkić, Svetlana Milošević Medenica, Ivan Marinković, Igor Nikolić, Slobodan Marinkovic
BACKGROUND: Identification and anatomic features of the feeding arteries of the arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) is very important due to neurologic, radiologic, and surgical reasons. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-seven patients with AVMs were examined by using a digital subtraction angiographic (DSA) and computerized tomographic (CT) examination, including 3D reconstruction of the brain vessels. In addition, the arteries of 4 human brain stems and 8 cerebral hemispheres were microdissected...
March 3, 2018: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
Yinsheng Li, John William Garrett, Ke Li, Yijing Wu, Kevin Johnson, Sebastian Schafer, Charles Strother, Guang-Hong Chen
Time-resolved C-arm cone-beam CT (CBCT) angiography (TR-CBCTA) images can be generated from a series of CBCT acquisitions that satisfy data sufficiency condition in analytical image reconstruction theory. In this work, a new technique was developed to generate TR-CBCTA images from a single short-scan CBCT data acquisition with contrast media injection. The reconstruction technique enabling this application is a previously developed image reconstruction technique, Synchronized Multi-Artifact Reduction with Tomographic Reconstruction (SMART-RECON)...
March 1, 2018: Physics in Medicine and Biology
Satoshi Murao, Takaaki Kiuchi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 28, 2018: Internal Medicine
Muhammad Saad, Danial H Shaikh, Muhammad Adrish
RATIONALE: Pulmonary embolism can manifest by a myriad of clinical symptoms. High grade fever is a rare presentation of thromboembolic phenomenon. PATIENT CONCERNS: A middle aged woman presented with high grade fevers. DIAGNOSES: Patient remained febrile despite broad spectrum antibiotics. All cultures were negative. CT angiogram of the chest was done, eliciting a large saddle embolus. INTERVENTIONS: Intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) was administered and subsequently started on anticoagulation...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Ahmad Iyad Mubarak, Ajaykumar C Morani
Patients with craniovertebral junction anomalies are more likely to undergo craniovertebral junction procedures because of neurologic complications. Vertebral arteries (VAs) are more prone to injury in these cases because of an often anomalous course, with potentially disabling or grave sequel. In our patient with partially occipitalized atlas, CT angiogram revealed that 1 of the VAs passed through the bony canal in the occipitalized and/or fused bone, whereas the VA on unfused side was also unexpectedly anomalous and of C2 segmental type...
February 2018: Radiology Case Reports
Ahmad Uzair Qureshi, Maliha Fansur, Sidra Shoaib Qureshi
Congenital trans-mesenteric hernias (CTMHs) are caused by rent in the mesentry of bowel. The lesions commonly present in pediatric age group. Adult CTMHs usually present with complication of the problem. The diagnosis is often late and is associated with morbidity as well as mortality due to bowel ischemia. There is no specific sign associated with this condition. A case is reported of a patient diagnosed with CTMH on high suspicion by the radiologist based on her finding of abnormal swirling of superior mesenteric artery on CT angiogram...
March 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Ansgar Adams, Waldemar Bojara, Klaus Schunk
Background: A study was conducted as to whether the early diagnosis of coronary heart disease in asymptomatic subjects with advanced atherosclerosis of the carotid artery which additionally shows at least one risk factor is successful using ultrasound technology. Methods: Within the scope of an occupational screening program using subjects from diverse employment sectors, people were given the opportunity to determine their risk of heart attack. During the study the total plaque area (TPA), the maximum plaque thickness in the carotid artery and the PROCAM-Scores of 3,748 healthy men and 2,260 healthy women between the ages of 20 and 64 years were determined...
February 2018: Cardiology Research
Eric C Mason, Patricia A Hudgins, Gustavo Pradilla, Nelson M Oyesiku, C Arturo Solares
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic endonasal surgery of the skull base requires expert knowledge of the anatomy and a systematic approach. The vidian canal is regarded as a reliable landmark to localize the petrous internal carotid artery (pICA) near the second genu, which can be used for orientation in deep skull base approaches. There is controversy about the relationship between the vidian canal and the pICA. OBJECTIVE: To further establish the vertical relationship between the vidian canal and the pICA to aid in surgical approaches to the skull base...
February 21, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
Chun Lap Pang, Nicola Pilkington, Yinghui Wei, Jaime Peters, Carl Roobottom, Chris Hyde
BACKGROUND: Computed tomography (CT) biomarkers claim to improve cardiovascular risk stratification. This review focuses on significant differences in incremental measures between adequate and inadequate reporting practise. METHODS: Studies included were those that used Framingham Risk Score as a baseline and described the incremental value of adding calcium score or CT coronary angiogram in predicting cardiovascular risk. Searches of MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science and Cochrane Central were performed with no language restriction...
February 21, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Tom Kai Ming Wang, Clementina Dugo, Yvonne Gillian, Wynne Yvonne, Semple Heather, Smith Kevin, Cleave Peter, Christiansen Jonathan, To Andrew, Amir Nezar, Tony Scott, Boswell Ross, Gladding Patrick
The conventional use of high-sensitivity troponins (hs-troponins) is for diagnosing myocardial infarction however they also have a role in chronic disease management. This pilot study assessed the relationship of hs-troponins with echocardiographic markers of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and structural heart disease (SHD). Patients undergoing computer gomography (CT) coronary angiogram for low-intermediate risk chest pain and healthy volunteers were recruited. Hs-troponins Singulex I, Abbott I and Roche T and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) were evaluated in relation to SHD parameters including left ventricular hypertrophy (LVHEcho ) and left atrial enlargement (LAEEcho ) on echocardiography...
February 15, 2018: Medical Sciences: Open Access Journal
I Vernikouskaya, W Rottbauer, J Seeger, B Gonska, V Rasche, Jochen Wöhrle
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to adapt patient-specifically a co-registration procedure for image fusion (IF) of a pre-interventional CT dataset with real-time X-ray (XR) fluoroscopy during transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), enabling improved performance of the procedure. BACKGROUND: The ability to use 3D models of the respective anatomies to complement the anatomic information obtained by XR fluoroscopy and provide a greater degree of real-time anatomical guidance holds great potential for complex cardiac interventions, especially for TAVI procedures with cerebral protection...
February 16, 2018: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
Alessandro Prior, Luca Allegretti, Ilaria Melloni, Marta Bovio, Francesco Laganà, Marco Ceraudo, Gianluigi Zona
We present a case of ophthalmic artery (OA) traumatic avulsion, leading to a post-traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) with ventricular blood invasion and hydrocephalus, mimicking an internal carotid aneurysm rupture. This is the third case of such an event reported in literature and the first without orbital fractures and optic nerve avulsion. Conservative treatment was sufficient for the avulsion, but surgery was needed for the coexisting eye luxation. Traumatic OA avulsion is a rare but possible event and should be suspected in case of basal cisterns SAH, evidence of orbital trauma and CT angiogram or angiographic absence of opacification of the OA...
February 14, 2018: Acta Neurochirurgica
Mohammed Al Sheikh, Nick Simson, Obinna Obi-Njoku, Ahmed Qteishat
A previously healthy 61-year-old Caucasian woman presented to the emergency department after collapsing at home with associated abdominal pain radiating to her back. An urgent CT angiogram was requested to rule out a ruptured aortic aneurysm. This showed a large 21 cm fat-containing lesion arising from the mid-pole of the left kidney, with an adjacent 4 cm perirenal haematoma. An initial diagnosis of a ruptured angiomyolipoma was made. Her haemoglobin was 105 g/L, with a creatinine of 104 mmol/L and an eGFR of 47 mL/min...
February 8, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
Andreas Schicho, Lukas Luerken, Ramona Meier, Antonio Ernstberger, Christian Stroszczynski, Andreas Schreyer, Lena-Marie Dendl, Stephan Schleder
Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the true incidence of cervical artery dissections (CeADs) in trauma patients with an Injury Severity Score (ISS) of ≥16, since head-and-neck computed tomography angiogram (CTA) is not a compulsory component of whole-body trauma computed tomography (CT) protocols. Patients and methods: A total of 230 consecutive trauma patients with an ISS of ≥16 admitted to our Level I trauma center during a 24-month period were prospectively included...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Hemant Desai, Hyeon Yu, Elad Ohana, Elias Taylor Gunnell, Jeremy Kim, Ari Isaacson
Pre-prostatic artery embolization (PAE) cone-beam computed tomography (CT) angiograms (n = 31; mean age: 62.4 ± 9.75 years) and conventional CT angiograms (n = 32; mean age: 62.5 ± 7.2 years) were retrospectively compared. Mean signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR), radiation exposure, and prostatic artery (PA) identification scores (0-4) for cone-beam CT angiogram and conventional CT angiogram were 33.19 (± 14.31) and 18.13 (± 5.38) (P < .01); 27.42 (± 13.39) and 14.78 (± 4.92) (P < ...
February 2018: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
Nicola Gaibazzi, Guido Pastorini, Andrea Biagi, Francesco Tafuni, Claudia Buffa, Silvia Garibaldi, Francesca Boffetti, Giorgio Benatti
BACKGROUND: Imaging stress tests are not ideally accurate to predict anatomically obstructive CAD, leading to a non-trivial rate of unnecessary iCA. This may depend on the threshold used to indicate iCA, and maybe CTA or, one step earlier, CT calcium score could spare most unnecessary iCA in only mildly positive cSE. We assessed the diagnostic accuracy of contrast stress-echocardiography (cSE) in comparison with invasive coronary angiography (iCA), and CT angiography (CTA) only in case of equivocal tests, to find hints helping reduce falsely positive cSE in the suspicion of coronary artery disease (CAD)...
February 6, 2018: Cardiovascular Ultrasound
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