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Respiratory physiotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075178/the-scope-of-physiotherapy-services-provided-in-public-icus-in-greece-a-pilot-study
#1
Eirini Grammatopoulou, Theodoros N Charmpas, Eftychia G Strati, Nikolaos Tsamis, Afroditi Evagelodimou, Vlassia Belimpasaki, Emmanouil K Skordilis
The aim of the present study was to determine the scope of physiotherapy services provided in Greek ICUs in Athens. A cross-sectional study was conducted with two postal questionnaires administered separately, one for ICU directors and one for ICU physiotherapists. Responses were received from 19 ICU directors and 103 physiotherapists employed in all the adult public mixed medical and surgical ICUs across Athens. The response rate for the survey completion was 100% for ICU directors and 68.7% for physiotherapists...
January 11, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993360/the-quality-of-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-chronic-respiratory-diseases-and-the-reliability-of-the-agree-ii-an-observational-study
#2
Juliana Souza Uzeloto, Anne M Moseley, Mark R Elkins, Marcia Rodrigues Franco, Rafael Zambelli Pinto, Ana Paula Coelho Figueira Freire, Ercy Mara Cipulo Ramos
OBJECTIVES: To survey the quality of evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for chronic respiratory diseases relevant to physiotherapy practice using the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation version II instrument (AGREE II) and to evaluate the inter-rater reliability of AGREE II. DESIGN: Observational survey. PROCEDURES: Guidelines indexed in the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) on chronic respiratory diseases were evaluated by four assessors using AGREE II...
November 15, 2016: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930803/pulmonary-rehabilitation-following-exacerbations-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#3
REVIEW
Milo A Puhan, Elena Gimeno-Santos, Christopher J Cates, Thierry Troosters
BACKGROUND: Guidelines have provided positive recommendations for pulmonary rehabilitation after exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but recent studies indicate that postexacerbation rehabilitation may not always be effective in patients with unstable COPD. OBJECTIVES: To assess effects of pulmonary rehabilitation after COPD exacerbations on hospital admissions (primary outcome) and other patient-important outcomes (mortality, health-related quality of life (HRQL) and exercise capacity)...
8, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918754/interventions-to-improve-rates-of-successful-extubation-in-preterm-infants-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Kristin N Ferguson, Calum T Roberts, Brett J Manley, Peter G Davis
Importance: Clinicians aim to extubate preterm infants as early as possible, to minimize the risks of mechanical ventilation. Extubation is often unsuccessful owing to lung disease or inadequate respiratory drive. Objective: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of interventions to improve rates of successful extubation in preterm infants. Data Sources: Searches were undertaken in PubMed and The Cochrane Library. Study Selection: The review was conducted using the methods of the Cochrane Collaboration and Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines...
December 5, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898220/intensive-care-physiotherapy-during-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-for-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#5
Laveena Munshi, Tadahiro Kobayashi, Julian DeBacker, Ravi Doobay, Teagan Telesnicki, Vincent Lo, Nathalie Cote, Marcelo Cypel, Shaf Keshavjee, Niall D Ferguson, Eddy Fan
RATIONALE: There are limited data on physiotherapy during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). OBJECTIVES: We sought to characterize physiotherapy delivered to ARDS patients supported with ECMO, and to evaluate the association of this therapeutic modality with mortality. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all adult ARDS patients supported with ECMO at our institution from 2010-2015...
November 29, 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894028/exploring-the-clinical-decision-making-used-by-experienced-cardiorespiratory-physiotherapists-a-mixed-method-qualitative-design-of-simulation-video-recording-and-think-aloud-techniques
#6
Debbie Thackray, Lisa Roberts
BACKGROUND: The ability of physiotherapists to make clinical decisions is a vital component of being an autonomous practitioner, yet this complex phenomenon has been under-researched in cardiorespiratory physiotherapy. The purpose of this study was to explore clinical decision-making (CDM) by experienced physiotherapists in a scenario of a simulated patient experiencing acute deterioration of their respiratory function. OBJECTIVES: The main objective of this observational study was to identify the actions, thoughts, and behaviours used by experienced cardiorespiratory physiotherapists in their clinical decision-making processes...
February 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877034/persistent-disabling-breathlessness-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#7
Josefin Sundh, Magnus Ekström
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence, change in breathlessness status over time, and risk factors for disabling and persistent disabling breathlessness in relation to treatments in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Longitudinal analysis of data from the Swedish National Register of COPD with breathlessness measured using modified Medical Research Council (mMRC) scores at two subsequent visits. Prevalence of disabling breathlessness (mMRC ≥2 at baseline) and persistent disabling breathlessness (disabling breathlessness at baseline and follow-up) was investigated in relation to COPD treatment...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862675/the-physiotherapist-and-the-esophageal-cancer-patient-from-prehabilitation-to-rehabilitation
#8
REVIEW
E M Guinan, J Dowds, C Donohoe, J V Reynolds, J Hussey
Esophageal cancer is a serious malignancy often treated with multimodal interventions and complex surgical resection. As treatment moves to centers of excellence with emphasis on enhanced recovery approaches, the role of the physiotherapist has expanded. The aim of this review is to discuss the rationale behind both the evolving prehabilitative role of the physiotherapist and more established postoperative interventions for patients with esophageal cancer. While a weak association between preoperative cardiopulmonary fitness and post-esophagectomy outcome is reported, cardiotoxicity during neoadjuvant chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy may heighten postoperative risk...
November 9, 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853394/long-term-impact-after-fulminant-guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-case-report-and-literature-review
#9
Alain Rougé, Jérémie Lemarié, Sébastien Gibot, Pierre Edouard Bollaert
A 47-year-old man was admitted to the intensive care unit a few hours after presenting to emergency department with acute diplopia and dysphonia. Swallowing disorders and respiratory muscular weakness quickly required invasive ventilation. On day 3, the patient was in a "brain-death"-like state with deep coma and absent brainstem reflexes. Electroencephalogram ruled out brain death diagnosis as a paradoxical sleep trace was recorded. Cerebrospinal fluid analysis, electrophysiologic studies, and a recent history of diarrhea led to the diagnosis of Campylobacter jejuni-related fulminant Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) mimicking brain death...
2016: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834785/physiological-effects-of-a%C3%A2-single-chest-physiotherapy-session-in-mechanically-ventilated-and-extubated-preterm-neonates
#10
Y Mehta, J Shetye, R Nanavati, A Mehta
OBJECTIVE: To assess the changes on various physiological cardio-respiratory parameters with a single chest physiotherapy session in mechanically ventilated and extubated preterm neonates with respiratory distress syndrome. STUDY DESIGN: This is a prospective observational study in a neonatal intensive care unit setting. Sixty preterm neonates with respiratory distress syndrome, thirty mechanically ventilated and thirty extubated preterm neonates requiring chest physiotherapy were enrolled in the study...
2016: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833495/postoperative-pain-management-of-liver-transplantation-in-cystic-fibrosis-is-it-time-to-start-us-guided-neuraxial-blocks
#11
M Piazza, G Martucci, A Arcadipane
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is the most common life-limiting genetic disease in Caucasians. Declining lung function is the principal cause of death, but liver involvement can lead to the need for liver transplantation. General anesthesia has detrimental effects on pulmonary function, increasing perioperative morbidity and mortality in CF patients. Regional anesthetic techniques improve outcomes by reducing anesthetic drugs and administration of opioids, and hastening extubation, awakening, and restarting respiratory of physiotherapy...
October 2016: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830949/motor-control-exercises-of-the-lumbar-pelvic-region-improve-respiratory-function-in-obese-men-a-pilot-study
#12
Emanuela Bezzoli, Dianne Andreotti, Lucia Pianta, Martina Mascheroni, Lorena Piccinno, Luca Puricelli, Veronica Cimolin, Alberto Salvadori, Franco Codecasa, Paolo Capodaglio
PURPOSE: Obese subjects have decreased pulmonary function. The hypothesis of our study was that poor coordination of the lumbar-pelvic musculature secondary to obesity may hinder the synergic activation of the respiratory muscles. The aim of the paper was to evaluate whether specific motor control exercises of the lumbar-pelvic musculature were able to improve respiratory function. METHOD: Twenty obese male patients underwent a rehabilitation program including adapted physical activity and respiratory physiotherapy...
November 10, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814848/respiratory-dysfunction-in-patients-with-chronic-neck-pain-what-is-the-current-evidence
#13
Zacharias Dimitriadis, Eleni Kapreli, Nikolaos Strimpakos, Jacqueline Oldham
Respiratory function of patients with neck pain has not been given much consideration in usual clinical practice. The problem has however been highlighted occasionally by renown clinical scientists and recently there is a growing interest in the investigation of respiratory function in this clinical population. The aim of this review is to critically present the emerging evidence and discuss the similarities and differences observed. Although the evidence for some respiratory parameters is conflicting, it seems to be generally agreed that others such as maximal voluntary ventilation, strength of respiratory muscles, chest mechanics and partial pressure of arterial carbon dioxide are affected in patients with chronic neck pain...
October 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803749/the-emerging-role-of-respiratory-physiotherapy-a-profile-of-the-attitudes-of-nurses-and-physicians-in-saudi-arabia
#14
Zainab Al Mohammedali, Tom K O'Dwyer, Julie M Broderick
CONTEXT: Respiratory physiotherapy plays a key role in the management and treatment of patients with respiratory diseases worldwide, yet this specialty is not well established in Saudi Arabia. AIMS: To profile the attitudes among physicians and nurses toward physiotherapists working in respiratory care settings in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based study was conducted. A questionnaire was developed consisting of 23 items, which was distributed both electronically and in paper form to physicians and nurses working in hospitals and health-care centers in Saudi Arabia...
October 2016: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799713/deviation-in-the-recovery-of-the-lower-limb-and-respiratory-muscles-of-patients-with-polymyositis-a-preliminary-clinical-study
#15
Yuichi Nishikawa, Naohisa Hosomi, Hiroki Ueno, Takashi Kurashige, Kazuhide Ochi, Tetsuya Takahashi, Naoya Orita, Kazuyuki Ueda, Hirofumi Maruyama, Hiroaki Kimura, Masayasu Matsumoto
[Purpose] The purposes of this study were to quantify the serial changes in lower limb and respiratory muscle strengths and to evaluate the acute effects of physiotherapy in polymyositis patients. [Subjects and Methods] Five patients (57.6 ± 9.0 years, 50 to 72; four females) received physiotherapy five days a week for four weeks. The lower limb and respiratory muscle strength, the % vital capacity, and the Barthel index were evaluated at baseline and after the intervention. [Results] The patient's symptoms and creatine kinase values did not change, and after four weeks, all of the patients exhibited significantly increased outcomes compared with the baseline...
September 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799678/differences-in-respirogram-phase-between-taekwondo-poomsae-athletes-and-nonathletes
#16
Yong-Sub Shin, Seung-Min Yang, Mee-Young Kim, Lim-Kyu Lee, Byoung-Sun Park, Won-Deok Lee, Ji-Woong Noh, Ju-Hyun Kim, Jeong-Uk Lee, Taek-Yong Kwak, Tae-Hyun Lee, Jaehong Park, Junghwan Kim
[Purpose] Respiratory physiotherapy is an effective approach to improving lung function in patient, including athletes with respiratory dysfunction caused by sports injury. The purpose of this study was to analyze the differences in the respirograms between taekwondo poomsae athletes and nonathletes according to the respirogram phase. [Subjects and Methods] Respiratory measurements for 13 elite taekwondo poomsae athletes were obtained. Respiratory function was measured using spirometry while the participant was seated...
September 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763576/prevention-of-respiratory-insufficiency-after-surgical-management-prism-trial-report-of-the-protocol-for-a-pragmatic-randomised-controlled-trial-of-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-cpap-to-prevent-respiratory-complications-and-improve-survival-following
#17
Rupert M Pearse, Tom E Abbott, Richard Haslop, Tahania Ahmad, Brennan C Kahan, Claudia Filipini, Andrew Rhodes, Marco Ranieri
BACKGROUND: Over 300 million patients undergo surgery worldwide each year. Postoperative morbidity - particularly respiratory complications - are most frequent and severe among high-risk patients undergoing major abdominal surgery. However, standard treatments, like physiotherapy or supplemental oxygen, often fail to prevent these. Preliminary research suggests that prophylactic continuous positive airways pressure (CPAP) can reduce the risk of postoperative respiratory complications...
October 20, 2016: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755068/clinical-practice-guidelines-for-sustained-neuromuscular-blockade-in-the-adult-critically-ill-patient
#18
Michael J Murray, Heidi DeBlock, Brian Erstad, Anthony Gray, Judi Jacobi, Che Jordan, William McGee, Claire McManus, Maureen Meade, Sean Nix, Andrew Patterson, M Karen Sands, Richard Pino, Ann Tescher, Richard Arbour, Bram Rochwerg, Catherine Friederich Murray, Sangeeta Mehta
OBJECTIVE: To update the 2002 version of "Clinical practice guidelines for sustained neuromuscular blockade in the adult critically ill patient." DESIGN: A Task Force comprising 17 members of the Society of Critical Medicine with particular expertise in the use of neuromuscular-blocking agents; a Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation expert; and a medical writer met via teleconference and three face-to-face meetings and communicated via e-mail to examine the evidence and develop these practice guidelines...
November 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717931/problems-and-challenges-in-the-early-period-of-rehabilitating-patients-with-severe-hypothermia-treated-using-ecmo-support
#19
Dominika Batycka-Stachnik, Agnieszka Piwoda, Tomasz Darocha, Malgorzata Spiewak, Sylweriusz Kosinski, Anna Jarosz, Hubert Hymczak, Tomasz Sanak, Robert Galazkowski, Jacek Piatek, Janusz Konstanty-Kalandyk, Rafal Drwila
: The objectives: To show and discuss the most frequent functional problems encountered in patients who underwent extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) treatment after severe hypothermia and point out appropriate physiotherapy procedures used in order to diminish the effects of hypothermia on the human organism. It is necessary to look for effective physiotherapeutic solutions, especially that the number of scientific publications on the subject is very limited. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis Setting: Severe Accidental Hypothermia Center ( medical intensive care unit of a university hospital) Patients or participants: Nineteen patients who were qualified for ECMO in Severe Accidental Hypothermia Center Intervention: At least three times a day rehabilitation session (physiotherapeutic procedures adequate to patient problems) and interventions in case of emergency...
2016: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709245/cystic-fibrosis-a-clinical-view
#20
REVIEW
Carlo Castellani, Baroukh M Assael
Cystic fibrosis (CF), a monogenic disease caused by mutations in the CFTR gene on chromosome 7, is complex and greatly variable in clinical expression. Airways, pancreas, male genital system, intestine, liver, bone, and kidney are involved. The lack of CFTR or its impaired function causes fat malabsorption and chronic pulmonary infections leading to bronchiectasis and progressive lung damage. Previously considered lethal in infancy and childhood, CF has now attained median survivals of 50 years of age, mainly thanks to the early diagnosis through neonatal screening, recognition of mild forms, and an aggressive therapeutic attitude...
January 2017: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
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