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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549420/prognostic-significance-of-tumor-infiltrating-immune-cells-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#1
Juan Fang, Xiaoxu Li, Da Ma, Xiangqi Liu, Yichen Chen, Yun Wang, Vivian Wai Yan Lui, Juan Xia, Bin Cheng, Zhi Wang
BACKGROUND: Prognostic factors aid in the stratification and treatment of cancer. This study evaluated prognostic importance of tumor infiltrating immune cell in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma. METHODS: Profiles of infiltrating immune cells and clinicopathological data were available for 78 OSCC patients with a median follow-up of 48 months. The infiltrating intensity of CD8, CD4, T-bet, CD68 and CD57 positive cells were assessed by immunohistochemistry...
May 26, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546513/the-siah-e3-ubiquitin-ligases-promote-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-through-mediating-wnt-induced-axin-degradation
#2
Lei Ji, Bo Jiang, Xiaomo Jiang, Olga Charlat, Amy Chen, Craig Mickanin, Andreas Bauer, Wenqing Xu, Xiaoxue Yan, Feng Cong
The Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway plays essential roles in embryonic development and adult tissue homeostasis. Axin is a concentration-limiting factor responsible for the formation of the β-catenin destruction complex. Wnt signaling itself promotes the degradation of Axin. However, the underlying molecular mechanism and biological relevance of this targeting of Axin have not been elucidated. Here, we identify SIAH1/2 (SIAH) as the E3 ligase mediating Wnt-induced Axin degradation. SIAH proteins promote the ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation of Axin through interacting with a VxP motif in the GSK3-binding domain of Axin, and this function of SIAH is counteracted by GSK3 binding to Axin...
May 25, 2017: Genes & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545839/improved-laccase-production-by-funalia-trogii-in-absorbent-fermentation-with-nutrient-carrier
#3
Guanhua Li, Xiaoxue Liu, Lin Yuan
A novel strategy of enhancing laccase production by absorbent fermentation was investigated. Peanut shell was used as nutrient carrier for laccase production by Funalia trogii IFP0027 in the absorbent fermentation. The maximum laccase production was reached to 11,900 U/l, which was 4.97 times higher than that of the control group. The results indicated that carbohydrates and phenolic substances especially flavonoids contained in peanut shell stimulated laccase production by F. trogii. Meanwhile, the peanut shell nutrient carrier could not only alleviate the oxidative damage, owing to strong scavenging activity on hydroxyl, but also relieve the mechanical stresses to form small and regular microbial pellets...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544226/short-term-rapamycin-treatment-increases-ovarian-lifespan-in%C3%A2-young-and-middle-aged-female-mice
#4
Xiaowei Dou, Yan Sun, Jiazhao Li, Jing Zhang, Dandan Hao, Wenwen Liu, Rui Wu, Feifei Kong, Xiaoxu Peng, Jing Li
Although age-related ovarian failure in female mammals cannot be reversed, recent strategies have focused on improving reproductive capacity with age, and rapamycin is one such intervention that has shown a potential for preserving the ovarian follicle pool and preventing premature ovarian failure. However, the application is limited because of its detrimental effects on follicular development and ovulation during long-term treatment. Herein, we shortened the rapamycin administration to 2 weeks and applied the protocol to both young (8 weeks) and middle-aged (8 months) mouse models...
May 22, 2017: Aging Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542147/restricting-the-induction-of-ngf-in-ovarian-stroma-engenders-selective-follicular-activation-through-the-mtor-signaling-pathway
#5
Yuanlin He, Xiaoxu Peng, Tinghe Wu, Weijie Yang, Wenwen Liu, Jing Zhang, Yiping Su, Feifei Kong, Xiaowei Dou, Jing Li
In mammalian ovaries, primordial follicles remain in a quiescent state until activation by the surrounding microenvironment. Ovarian intervention, for example, ovarian cystectomy, ovarian wedge resection or laser drilling therapies for polycystic ovarian syndrome, has long been reported to change follicular development by an unknown mechanism(s). Herein, we established a murine model with partial ovarian resection of one ovary unilaterally, with the contralateral ovary undamaged. We found the injury accelerated follicular activation and development through the mTORC1 signaling pathway...
May 25, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540949/structure-based-in-silico-identification-of-potentially-non-steroidal-brassinosteroids-mimics
#6
Beilei Lei, Ningjuan Heng, Xiaoxue Dang, Jiyuan Liu, Xiaojun Yao, Cunli Zhang
Brassinosteroids (BRs) are a class of plant steroid hormones that play indispensable roles in cell elongation, division and plant development. To date, the numerous synthesis of BRs analogs and structure-activity relationship investigations have clearly revealed the key substituent groups relevant to the steroidal activity of BRs. However, due to the limited chemical space studied, the efforts for alternative non-steroidal compounds have produced no remarkable results. To identify potentially non-steroidal BR mimics in this study, vital interacting pharmacophore features were extracted starting from several complex structures of BRs that bound with the receptor Brassinosteroid-Insentive 1 (BRI1) and co-receptor BRI1-associated kinase 1 (BAK1), which were characterized and merged into one comprehensive pharmacophore model...
May 25, 2017: Molecular BioSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536573/mqsr-mqsa-toxin-antitoxin-system-regulates-persistence-and-biofilm-formation-in-pseudomonas-putida-kt2440
#7
Chenglong Sun, Yunxue Guo, Kaihao Tang, Zhongling Wen, Baiyuan Li, Zhenshun Zeng, Xiaoxue Wang
Bacterial toxin/antitoxin (TA) systems have received increasing attention due to their prevalence, diverse structures, and important physiological functions. In this study, we identified and characterized a type II TA system in a soil bacterium Pseudomonas putida KT2440. This TA system belongs to the MqsR/MqsA family. We found that PP_4205 (MqsR) greatly inhibits cell growth in P. putida KT2440 and Escherichia coli, the antitoxin PP_4204 (MqsA) neutralizes the toxicity of the toxin MqsR, and the two genes encoding them are co-transcribed...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531368/molecular-phylogeny-of-loliginidae-inferred-from-mitochondrial-dna-sequence-variation
#8
Lisen Kang, Shuyi Zhang, Changwen Wu, Xiaoxu Liu, Mei Ying Xu, Lihua Jiang
Loliginidae includes many economically important species in trophic systems worldwide. Here, we investigated genetic relationships and diversity in this family. Sequence comparisons and phylogenetic analyses revealed considerable variations between mitochondrial 16 S rRNA gene and cytochrome coxidase subunit I gene among nine Loliginid species. We identified three similar non-coding regions in eight Loliginid species, but not in Sepioteuthislessoniana. We detected a single extended termination-associated sequence and three conserved sequence blocks among these eight species...
May 20, 2017: Mitochondrial DNA. Part A. DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530222/ultrasensitive-and-high-efficiency-screen-of-de-novo-low-frequency-mutations-by-o2n-seq
#9
Kaile Wang, Shujuan Lai, Xiaoxu Yang, Tianqi Zhu, Xuemei Lu, Chung-I Wu, Jue Ruan
Detection of de novo, low-frequency mutations is essential for characterizing cancer genomes and heterogeneous cell populations. However, the screening capacity of current ultrasensitive NGS methods is inadequate owing to either low-efficiency read utilization or severe amplification bias. Here, we present o2n-seq, an ultrasensitive and high-efficiency NGS library preparation method for discovering de novo, low-frequency mutations. O2n-seq reduces the error rate of NGS to 10(-5)-10(-8). The efficiency of its data usage is about 10-30 times higher than that of barcode-based strategies...
May 22, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529958/spatiotemporal-regulators-for-insulin-stimulated-glut4-vesicle-exocytosis
#10
REVIEW
Xiaoxu Zhou, Ping Shentu, Yingke Xu
Insulin increases glucose uptake and storage in muscle and adipose cells, which is accomplished through the mobilization of intracellular GLUT4 storage vesicles (GSVs) to the cell surface upon stimulation. Importantly, the dysfunction of insulin-regulated GLUT4 trafficking is strongly linked with peripheral insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes in human. The insulin signaling pathway, key signaling molecules involved, and precise trafficking itinerary of GSVs are largely identified. Understanding the interaction between insulin signaling molecules and key regulatory proteins that are involved in spatiotemporal regulation of GLUT4 vesicle exocytosis is of great importance to explain the pathogenesis of diabetes and may provide new potential therapeutic targets...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503910/post-zygotic-single-nucleotide-mosaicisms-contribute-to-the-etiology-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-autistic-traits-and-the-origin-of-mutations
#11
Yanmei Dou, Xiaoxu Yang, Ziyi Li, Sheng Wang, Zheng Zhang, Adam Yongxin Ye, Linlin Yan, Changhong Yang, Qixi Wu, Jiarui Li, Boxun Zhao, August Yue Huang, Liping Wei
The roles and characteristics of post-zygotic single-nucleotide mosaicisms (pSNMs) in autism spectrum disorders (ASD) remain unclear. In this study of the whole-exomes of 2,321 families in the Simons Simplex Collection (SSC), we identified 1,248 putative pSNMs in children and 285 de novo SNPs in children with detectable parental mosaicism. Ultra-deep amplicon resequencing suggested a validation rate of 51%. Analyses of validated pSNMs revealed that missense/loss-of-function (LoF) pSNMs with a high mutant allele fraction (MAF> = 0...
May 14, 2017: Human Mutation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501702/brown-adipose-tissue-activation-by-rutin-ameliorates-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-in-rat
#12
Tao Hu, Xiaoxue Yuan, Rongcai Ye, Huiqiao Zhou, Jun Lin, Chuanhai Zhang, Hanlin Zhang, Gang Wei, Meng Dong, Yuanyuan Huang, Wonchung Lim, Qingsong Liu, Hyuek Jong Lee, Wanzhu Jin
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a complex endocrinopathy that is characterized by anovulation, hyperandrogenism and polycystic ovary. However, there is a lack of effective treatment for PCOS at present because the pathologic cause of PCOS has not been elucidated. Although it has been known that brown adipose tissue transplantation ameliorates PCOS by activating endogenous BAT, BAT transplantation is not applicable in clinic. Therefore, BAT activation with natural compound could be an effective treatment strategy for PCOS patients...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499611/silver-nanoparticle-induced-phosphorylation-of-histone-h3-at-serine-10-is-due-to-dynamic-changes-in-actin-filaments-and-the-activation-of-aurora-kinases
#13
Xiaoxu Zhao, Tatsushi Toyooka, Yuko Ibuki
The phosphorylation of histone H3 at serine 10 (p-H3S10) has been closely correlated with mitotic chromosome condensation. We previously reported that silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) significantly induced p-H3S10 independent of mitosis. In the present study, we examined the mechanisms underlying the induction of p-H3S10 by AgNPs. A treatment with AgNPs markedly induced p-H3S10 in a dose-dependent manner in three types of cell lines, and this was dependent on the cellular incorporation of AgNPs. The immunofluorescent staining of AgNP-induced p-H3S10 was thin and solid throughout the nucleus, and differed from that normally associated with mitosis...
May 10, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498465/identification-of-a-novel-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-associated-mutation-using-targeted-next-generation-sequencing
#14
Yue Zhao, Yue Feng, Xiaoxue Ding, Shuwei Dong, Hong Zhang, Jiahuan Ding, Xueshan Xia
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), one of the most common forms of myocardial diseases, is the major cause of sudden cardiac death in young adults and competitive athletes. Analyses of gene mutations associated with HCM are valuable for its molecular diagnosis, genetic counseling, and management of familial HCM. To dissect the relationship between the clinical presentation and gene mutations of HCM, the genetic characterizations of 19 HCM-related genes in 18 patients (8 cases from 6 pedigrees with familial HCM and 10 cases without familial HCM) were detected using next-generation sequencing (NGS)...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493941/influence-of-three-lighting-regimes-during-ten-weeks-growth-phase-on-laying-performance-plasma-levels-and-tissue-specific-gene-expression-of-reproductive-hormones-in-pengxian-yellow-pullets
#15
Shunshun Han, Yan Wang, Lingyan Liu, Diyan Li, Zihao Liu, Xiaoxu Shen, Hengyong Xu, Xiaoling Zhao, Qing Zhu, Huadong Yin
The study was conducted to optimize lighting schedule for pre-pubertal (12 to 22 weeks) Chinese native breed Pengxian yellow pullet. A total of 414 healthy pullets (10 weeks), with similar body weight were randomly distributed into three groups (n = 138) and housed in individual cages for up to 12 weeks of age in light controlled rooms and provided normal lighting schedule (10L:14D). At 12 to 18 weeks of age, pullets were housed in three rooms, having varying lighting schedule viz. G1 (8L: 16D), G2 (10L:14D), or G3 (12L:12D)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493152/inhibition-of-mir-274-3p-increases-bmcpv-replication-by-regulating-the-expression-of-bmcpv-ns5-gene-in-bombyx-mori
#16
Ping Wu, Xiaoxu Jiang, Qi Sang, Enoch Annan, Tao Cheng, Xijie Guo
Bombyx mori cytoplasmic polyhedrosis virus (BmCPV) is one of the major pathogens that pose a big challenge to the sericulture industry. Growing evidences have shown that microRNAs play key roles in the regulations of host-pathogen interactions in insects. MicroRNAs have been found in silkworms, whether and how they affect the silkworm-BmCPV interactions are still unknown. Here we investigate the effect of miR-274-3p on the BmCPV replication in the BmCPV-infected silkworm larvae. In our study, BmCPV Nonstructural protein 5 (NS5) was identified to be the target of miR-274-3p based on bioinformatics analysis and luciferase reporter assay...
May 10, 2017: Virus Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490530/il-6-promotes-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-of-human-peritoneal-mesothelial-cells-possibly-through-jak2-stat3-signaling-pathway
#17
Jing Xiao, Yanan Gong, Ying Chen, Dahai Yu, Xiaoyang Wang, Xiaoxue Zhang, Yanna Dou, Dong Liu, Genyang Cheng, Shan Lu, Wenming Yuan, Yansheng Li, Zhanzheng Zhao
Long-term peritoneal dialysis (PD) therapy results in functional and structural alteration of the peritoneal membrane, including epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Interleukin 6 (IL-6) is a local pleiotropic cytokine, hypothesized to play an important role in EMT. This study was designed to investigate the role of IL-6 in EMT and peritoneal membrane dysfunction in long-term PD patients by assessing the level of IL-6 in dialysate and exploring the relationship between IL-6, the related signaling pathway JAK2/STAT3, and EMT, using in vitro cellular and molecular techniques...
May 10, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490044/dual-infection-contributes-to-rapid-disease-progression-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-china
#18
Hong Luan, Xiaoxu Han, Xiaoou Yu, Minghui An, Hui Zhang, Bin Zhao, Junjie Xu, Zhenxing Chu, Hong Shang
BACKGROUND: Considerable numbers of HIV-1 infected men who have sex with men (MSM) show a relatively rapid disease progression in China; however, the cause remains elusive. HIV-1 dual infection was reported to occur commonly among the MSM population, and its contribution to clinical prognosis remains controversial. We investigated the occurrence and impact on disease progression of dual infection in a prospective MSM cohort in China. METHODS: Sixty-four HIV-1 early infected participants were longitudinally followed up for 2 years...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482243/sensitive-immunosensing-of-squamous-cell-carcinoma-antigen-based-on-a-nanocomposite-of-poly-3-amine-n-3-n-pyrrole-propyl-imidazole-bromide-ionic-liquid-and-gold-nanoroots
#19
Yingying Wu, Yong Zhao, Yanying Wang, Xiaoxue Ye, Tsunghsueh Wu, HongPing Deng, Peng Wu, Chunya Li
Squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCCA) is a good specific antigen for cancer diagnosis specifically for squamous cell carcinomas. In this study, 3-amine-N-[3-(N-pyrrole)propyl]imidazole bromide (APPIBr) ionic liquid was successfully synthesized and characterized by (1)H NMR, HPLC-MS and FTIR. APPIBr ionic liquid is a unique functional material with a pyrrole moiety which can be polymerized by using electrochemical technique and an amine group for immobilizing biomolecules; thus, it is ideal for the fabrication of biosensors...
April 22, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477175/plipastatin-and-surfactin-coproduction-by-bacillus-subtilis-pb2-l-and-their-effects-on-microorganisms
#20
Ling Gao, Jinzhi Han, Hongxia Liu, Xiaoxu Qu, Zhaoxin Lu, Xiaomei Bie
To convert the lipopeptide non-producer strain Bacillus subtilis pB2 into a plipastatin and surfactin coproducer, a gene expression cassette composed of a constitutive promoter (P43), functional gene sfp, and pleiotropic regulatory gene degQ was integrated into the chromosomal amyE locus of strain B. subtilis pB2 by homologous recombination, which generated a plipastatin and surfactin co-producer. Thirteen plipastatins and fifteen surfactins were identified in lipopeptide extracts using analytical techniques, and their effects on microorganisms were described by microscopic, cytoskeleton analysis and flow-cytometry, respectively...
May 5, 2017: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
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