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Qian Liu, Yang Yang, Xiaoxue Mei, Bingfeng Liu, Chuan Chen, Defeng Xing
Ferric iron can affect the current generation of microbial electrochemical system (MES); however, how it influences microbial biofilm formation and metabolic activity has not been reported. Here, we describe the response of microbial electrode biofilm communities to insoluble ferric iron (Fe3+ ) at different concentrations in microbial fuel cells (MFCs). Insoluble ferric iron (200μM) improved electrochemical activity of the MFCs microbial biofilms during start-up and resulted in a higher maximum power density of 0...
March 11, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Xiaoyu Wang, Yuan Zhao, Xiaoxue Jiang, Lijun Liu, Xue Li, Huixian Li, Wenyan Liang
Plant polyphenol (PP), a natural polymer from the Larix gmelinii, was selected as the surfactant to synthesize Fe3 O4 . The Fe3 O4 -PP composite was prepared by in-situ self-assembly in solvothermal synthesis, and characterized using FE-SEM, TEM, XRD, FTIR, XPS, TGA, and VSM. The harvesting efficiency of Chlorella vulgaris was investigated under different parameters, including algal organic matter, dosage, and pH. The results showed that the core-shell sphere of Fe3 O4 -PP (∼150 nm) was coated by ∼50 nm PP with a saturated magnetization of 40...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Chengtai Ma, Yanxia Jiang, Xiaohui Zhang, Xiaoxue Chen, Zhenfang Liu, Xintao Tian
The aim of the present study was to investigate the protective mechanisms and identify the effects of isoquercetin on myocardial infarction in a rat model of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Isoquercetin ameliorated myocardial infarct size, creatine kinase (CK), CK‑MB and lactic dehydrogenase activity and inhibited inflammation, oxidative stress and heart cell apoptosis in a rat with AMI. Isoquercetin increased endothelial nitric oxide synthase, reduced inducible nitric oxide synthase levels and suppressed the Toll-like receptor 4‑nuclear factor (TLR4‑NF)‑κB signaling pathway in a rat with AMI...
March 9, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Xiaoxu Chen, Xiaoke Nie, Jiamin Mao, Yan Zhang, Kaizhi Yin, Shengyang Jiang
Perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS)-containing compounds are widely used in all aspects of industrial and consumer products. Recent studies indicated that PFOS is ubiquitous in environments and is considered to be a new type of persistent organic pollutant (POP). This has raised concerns regarding its adverse effects on human health. The nervous system is regarded as a sensitive target of environmental contaminants, including PFOS. Previous findings showed that PFOS can induce neurobehavioral deficits. However, the molecular mechanism underlying PFOS neurotoxicity remains obscure...
March 8, 2018: Neurotoxicology
Xinghao Wang, Jiayi Yao, Siyuan Wang, Xiaoxue Pan, Ruiyang Xiao, Qingguo Huang, Zunyao Wang, Ruijuan Qu
Photodegradation of pollutants is classically explained by reaction with reactive oxygen species. However Mn(III) may also remove pollutants, but direct evidence is actually lacking. Here we investigated the role of soluble Mn(III) on phototransformation of four typical estrogens, namely estrone (E1), 17β-estradiol (E2), estriol (E3), and 17α-ethynylestradiol (EE2), in the presence of Mn(II) and humic acid. Conversion rates of 60.2%, 89.0%, 87.6%, and 80.2% were achieved for E1, E2, E3, and EE2, respectively, after 72 h visible light irradiation...
March 2, 2018: Chemosphere
Shuai Wang, Zhijun Yao, Lingjuan Li, Yaoqian Pan, Pengju Li, Xiaoxu Nan, Qing Xie, Zhenchao Zhang
Rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) are frequently reared for meat production in China. The aim of this study was to assess the seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii and Encephalitozoon cuniculi, and risk factors of infection in domestic rabbits raised in Henan province, central China. 1,213 serum samples of domestic rabbits were collected and tested for anti-T. gondii and anti-E. cuniculi antibodies using a modified agglutination test (MAT) and an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), respectively. The serum positive rates of T...
2018: Parasite: Journal de la Société Française de Parasitologie
Liangping Su, Hongyuan Li, Cheng Huang, Tingting Zhao, Yongjun Zhang, Xueqing Ba, Zhongwei Li, Yu Zhang, Baiqu Huang, Jun Lu, Yanmei Zhao, Xiaoxue Li
Mounting evidence shows that histone methylation, a typical epigenetic mark, is crucial for gene expression regulation during aging. Decreased trimethylation of Lys 36 on histone H3 (H3K36me3) in worms and yeast is reported to shorten lifespan. The function of H3K36me2 in aging remains unclear. In this study, we identified Caenorhabditis elegans SET-18 as a histone H3K36 dimethyltransferase. SET-18 deletion extended lifespan and increased oxidative stress resistance, dependent on daf-16 activity in the insulin/IGF pathway...
March 6, 2018: Cell Reports
Jing Wang, Hua Song, Xiaoxue Wu, Shuyi Zhang, Xuemin Gao, Funan Li, Xuan Zhu, Qing Chen
In the present study, four new steroidal saponins, namely vernoniamyoside A-D ( 1 - 4 ), together with the two known steroidal saponins vernoamyoside D ( 5 ) and vernonioside B₂ ( 6 ) were isolated from the ethanol extract of leaves of the African medicinal plant Vernonia amygdalina Del. (Asteraceae). Their structures were demonstrated by spectral analyses along with 1D and 2D nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) techniques and mass spectrometry (MS). The cytotoxicity of the compounds was also tested by the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) method on the cell lines Hela, MCF-7, BT-549 and MDA-MB-231...
March 5, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Xiaoxue Liu, Qiaofeng Song, Wanning Hu, Xiaochen Han, Jianhui Gan, Xiang Zheng, Xizhu Wang, Shouling Wu
The purpose was to study the association between sleep duration and the prevalence of anemia in Chinese people. There were 84,791 participants (men: 79.1%; women: 20.9%) aged 18-98 years in the prospective study. We divided the participants into five categories based on the individual sleep duration: ≤5 h, 6 h, 7 h(reference), 8 h, and ≥9 h. Anemia was defined based on hemoglobin <12 g/dL for men and <11 g/dL for women. The Cox proportional hazards model was used to assess the association between sleep duration and anemia...
March 5, 2018: Scientific Reports
Li Zhou, Shunai Liu, Ming Han, Yanhua Ma, Shenghu Feng, Jing Zhao, Hongping Lu, Xiaoxue Yuan, Jun Cheng
Recent studies have shown the effect of microRNAs on HSC activation and transformation, which is essential for the pathogenesis of liver fibrosis. In our study, we explored the role of miR-185 in liver fibrosis. Plasma miR-185 was detected in hepatitis B virus-related liver fibrosis patients (S2/3, n = 10) by Illumina HiSeq sequencing, and healthy volunteers were selected (n = 8) as the control group. We found that the plasma miR-185 level in fibrosis patients was significantly downregulated. CCl4 -induced fibrosis tissues in mouse livers and TGF-β1-activated HSCs also presented downregulated miR-185 concomitant with an increased expression of RHEB and RICTOR...
March 2, 2018: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
Wei Li, Xiaoxue Xu, Wenjiang Li, Yun Zhao, Minfang Chen
A novel, cost-effective biomedical triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG) has been fabricated based on biocompatible medical 317L stainless steel (317L SS) and polylactic acid (PLLA) films as the friction layers, whose surface roughness designed by simple and low-cost laser etching and hot-embossing template methods, respectively. With the increase of the TENG's tribo-interface roughness and the molecular weight of the PLLA, the power output of TENG was greatly increased owing to more charges produced and excellent mechanical properties of PLLA possessed...
February 27, 2018: Nanotechnology
Liangliang Mu, Xiaoxue Yin, Yanhui Xiao, Xia Bian, Yanjian Yang, Liting Wu, Jianmin Ye
Collectins, a subfamily of the C-type lectins, are able to bind non-self glycoconjugates on the surface of microorganisms and inhibit infection by direct neutralization, agglutination and/or opsonization, which play important roles in innate immunity. In this study, a CL11X1-like collectin (OnCL11X1) was identified from Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) and characterized at expression and agglutination functional levels. The open reading frame of OnCL11X1 is 840 bp of nucleotide sequence encoding polypeptides of 279 amino acids...
February 23, 2018: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
Shuai Zhang, Zhibin Fan, Ping Qiao, Yinsuo Zhao, Yanan Wang, Da Jiang, Xiangming Wang, Xiaojuan Zhu, Yu Zhang, Baiqu Huang, Jun Lu, Xiaoxue Li
A deficit of GABA (γ-aminobutyric acid) transmission will lead to epilepsy and other cognitive disorders. Recent evidence has shown that neuronal miRNAs affect various synapses, including GABAergic synapses. However, the miRNAs that control GABAergic synapses remain not fully understood. Here, we identified miR-51, a member of Caenorhabditis elegans miR-99/100 family, as a key regulator of GABAergic synapses. Loss of mir-51 increased PTZ (Pentylenetetrazole) and aldicarb hypersensitivities, and decreased the number of GABAergic synapses and abundance of GABAA receptors...
February 21, 2018: Developmental Biology
Jiaosheng Li, Xiaoxu Lu, Qinnan Zhang, Bingbo Li, Jindong Tian, Liyun Zhong
Without the limitations of fringe number and fringe shape, a dual-channel simultaneous spatial and temporal polarization (DC-SSTP) phase-shifting interferometry system is proposed to achieve rapid and accurate phase retrieval through only one-time phase-shifting procedure with unknown phase shifts. First, an arbitrary phase shifts is simultaneously introduced into two channels of DC-SSTP system by a spatial light modulator (SLM). Second, by performing the subtraction operation between each pair of phase-shifting interferograms captured in the same channel, the background deduction of interferogram can be achieved easily, so the accurate phase can be retrieved rapidly...
February 19, 2018: Optics Express
Yingying Zhang, Zide Zhao, Yanan Yu, Jun Liu, Pengqian Wang, Bing Li, Xiaoxu Zhang, Yinying Chen, Zhong Wang
Identifying the variation of core modules and hubs seems to be critical for characterizing variable pharmacological mechanisms based on topological alteration of disease networks. We firstly identified a total of 8 core modules by using an approach of multiple modular characteristic fusing (MMCF) from different targeted networks in ischemic mice. Interestingly, the value of module disturbance intensity (MDI) increased in drug combination group. Secondly, we redefined a weak allosteric module and a strong allosteric module...
February 21, 2018: CPT: Pharmacometrics & Systems Pharmacology
Nanfei Ye, Jingjing Wang, Xuehua Yan, Dawei Sha, Ming Chen, Chen Zhou, Dongfeng Wang, Xiaoxue Yuan, Xiaonong Cheng, Jiaxing Zu
CsxWO3/TiO2 composites with different contents of CsxWO3 were successfully synthesized in this study by a facile hydrothermal process. CsxWO3/TiO2 composites were characterized by XRD, Raman, UV-visible diffuse reflectance spectra (DRS), photoluminescence spectra (PL) and SEM. TiO2 nanoparticles were distributed uniformly on the surface of the CsxWO3 microsphere in the prepared CsxWO3/TiO2 composites, and they formed heterojunctions with CsxWO3. The effect of CsxWO3 on the photoactivities of composites was investigated via DRS and PL...
August 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Jieping Li, Wenlin Gong, Xiaoxue Li, Ruirong Wan, Fengzhen Mo, Zhenghua Zhang, Panpan Huang, Zixi Hu, Zongqiang Lai, Xiaoling Lu, Yongxiang Zhao
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common cancers around the world. Multiple etiologic factors such as virus and environment can lead to HCC. It is a challenge for us to successfully detect early HCC due to the lack of effective characterized and specific biomarkers. However, if the early diagnosis is successfully realized, it provides crucial chance for HCC patients to receive effective treatment as early as possible. Dickkopf-1 (DKK-1) is a secretary glycoprotein, which negatively regulates Wnt pathway through binding to surface receptors LRP5/6 and Kremen 1/2...
August 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Wenlin Gong, Zixi Hu, Ying Liang, Yiwei Wang, Rong Zheng, Juntao Tan, Zongqiang Lai, Xiaoxue Li, Jieping Li, Xiaoling Lu, Yongxiang Zhao
Nanotechnology for early diagnosis and treatment of malignant tumor is a forefront topic in the international field of biotechnology and medicine. In order to improve the effect of cancer therapy, the timely and accurate detection of the cancer is important and necessary. Graphene and its derivatives have various excellent characteristics. For example, biological sensors based on graphene are good at amplifying detection signals, and its derivatives play an important role in the early diagnosis and cancer therapy...
August 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Danyang Mu, Jinhua Meng, Xiaoxue Bo, Minyao Wu, Hui Xiao, Hongyuan Wang
Cadmium is a natural and widely distributed toxicant, and can be commonly found in environment. Intestinal microbiota plays a very important role in maintaining its host's health. The effects of cadmium on the intestinal microbiota composition and stability of amphibians are little known. We exposed Rana chensinensis (R. chensinensis) embryos to different concentrations of cadmium (0, 112 and 448 μg Cd L -1 ) until they reached Gosner stage 38, and analyzed their microbial communities using 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing...
February 13, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Weiwei Xue, Panpan Wang, Gao Tu, Fengyuan Yang, Guoxun Zheng, Xiaofeng Li, Xiaoxu Li, Yuzong Chen, Xiaojun Yao, Feng Zhu
Amitifadine, the only drug ever clinically tested in Phase 3 for treating depression, is a triple reuptake inhibitor (TRI) that simultaneously interacts with human monoamine transporters (MATs) including hSERT, hNET and hDAT. This novel multi-target strategy improves drug efficacy and reduces the toxic side effects of drugs. However, the binding modes accounting for amitifadine's polypharmacological mode of action are still elusive, and extensive exploration of the amitifadine-target interactions between amitifadine and MATs is urgently needed...
February 16, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
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