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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728030/enhanced-visible-light-photocatalytic-hydrogen-evolution-over-porphyrin-hybridized-graphitic-carbon-nitride
#1
Shunkang Mei, Jianping Gao, Ye Zhang, Jiangbing Yang, Yongli Wu, Xiaoxue Wang, Ruiru Zhao, Xiangang Zhai, Chaoyue Hao, Ruixia Li, Jing Yan
Tetra (4-carboxyphenyl) porphyrin (TCPP) was loaded on the surface of Pt/g-C3N4 via a simple adsorption process, and the microstructure and chemical structure of the composites were characterized by high resolution transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, UV-visible diffused reflectance spectroscopy and photoluminescence spectroscopy. Loading TCPP onto Pt/g-C3N4 enhanced the visible-light-driven photocatalytic evolution of H2 from water...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723624/lncrna-ancr-down-regulation-promotes-tgf-%C3%AE-induced-emt-and-metastasis-in-breast-cancer
#2
Zhongwei Li, Meichen Dong, Dongmei Fan, Pingfu Hou, Hongyuan Li, Lingxia Liu, Cong Lin, Jiwei Liu, Liangping Su, Lan Wu, Xiaoxue Li, Baiqu Huang, Jun Lu, Yu Zhang
Epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a progression of cellular plasticity critical for development, differentiation, cancer cells migration and tumor metastasis. As a well-studied factor, TGF-β participates in EMT and involves in physiological and pathological functions of tumor progression. Accumulating evidence indicates that long noncoding RNAs(lncRNAs) play crucial roles in EMT and tumor metastasis. Here, we find that lncRNA ANCR participates in TGF-β1-induced EMT. By our ChIP and Real-time PCR assays, we reveal that TGF-β1 down-regulates ANCR expression by increasing HDAC3 enrichment at ANCR promoter region, which decreases both H3 and H4 acetylation of ANCR promoter...
June 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722179/direct-synthesis-of-large-area-2d-mo2-c-on-in-situ-grown-graphene
#3
Dechao Geng, Xiaoxu Zhao, Zhongxin Chen, Weiwei Sun, Wei Fu, Jianyi Chen, Wei Liu, Wu Zhou, Kian Ping Loh
As a new member of the MXene group, 2D Mo2 C has attracted considerable interest due to its potential application as electrodes for energy storage and catalysis. The large-area synthesis of Mo2 C film is needed for such applications. Here, the one-step direct synthesis of 2D Mo2 C-on-graphene film by molten copper-catalyzed chemical vapor deposition (CVD) is reported. High-quality and uniform Mo2 C film in the centimeter range can be grown on graphene using a Mo-Cu alloy catalyst. Within the vertical heterostructure, graphene acts as a diffusion barrier to the phase-segregated Mo and allows nanometer-thin Mo2 C to be grown...
July 19, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717187/the-inducible-blockage-of-rnai-reveals-a-role-for-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-in-the-regulation-of-dsrna-endocytic-capacity-in-bactrocera-dorsalis
#4
Xiaolong Dong, Xiaoxue Li, Qiujia Li, Hongmei Jia, Hongyu Zhang
Exogenous double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) can trigger gene silencing through the RNA interference (RNAi) pathway. Our previous research established that Bactrocera dorsalis can block RNAi after an initial priming of exposure to dsRNA. However, the mechanism underlying this phenomenon is not yet fully understood. Here, we demonstrate that fatty acid biosynthesis and metabolism pathways play important roles in the blockage of RNAi induced by dsRNA priming. The ratio of linoleic acid (LA) to arachidonic acid (AA) was significantly increased in the hemolymph of B...
July 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714365/conjugation-of-gold-nanoparticles-and-recombinant-human-endostatin-modulates-vascular-normalization-via-interruption-of-anterior-gradient-2-mediated-angiogenesis
#5
Fan Pan, Wende Yang, Wei Li, Xiao-Yan Yang, Shuhao Liu, Xin Li, Xiaoxu Zhao, Hui Ding, Li Qin, Yunlong Pan
Several studies have revealed the potential of normalizing tumor vessels in anti-angiogenic treatment. Recombinant human endostatin is an anti-angiogenic agent which has been applied in clinical tumor treatment. Our previous research indicated that gold nanoparticles could be a nanoparticle carrier for recombinant human endostatin delivery. The recombinant human endostatin-gold nanoparticle conjugates normalized vessels, which improved chemotherapy. However, the mechanism of recombinant human endostatin-gold nanoparticle-induced vascular normalization has not been explored...
July 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713915/concurrent-administration-of-thyroxine-and-donepezil-induces-plastic-changes-in-the-prefrontal-cortex-of-adult-hypothyroid-rats
#6
Fen Wang, Zhangbi Wu, Xiaoxue Zha, Yaojun Cai, Bo Wu, Xuemei Jia, Defa Zhu
The aim of the present study was to observe the effects of the concurrent administration of thyroxine (T4) and an acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor, donepezil (DON), on the hypothyroidism‑induced ultrastructural changes of the prefrontal cortex (PFC) in adult rats. The acetylcholine (ACh) content and AChE activity was assessed, as well as the expressions of synaptotagmin‑1 (syt‑1) and SNAP‑25 were analyzed in the rats. Adding 0.05% propylthiouracil to rats' drinking water induced a hypothyroid rat model...
July 14, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712312/near-full-length-genome-sequence-of-a-novel-hiv-1-second-generation-recombinant-form-crf01_ae-crf07_bc-detected-among-blood-donors-in-north-china
#7
Wei He, Xiaoxu Han, Minghui An, Yanqiu Hai, Le Chang, Chao Liu, Lunan Wang, Hong Shang
In this study, a novel CRF01_AE/07_BC HIV-1 recombinant form, with five breakpoints in thepol, vpr, env and nef gene regions, was identified from a voluntary blood donor in North China. Our study showed that this HIV-1 recombinant form might be a second-generation recombinant form from two predominant strains inthe Men who have sex with men (MSM) population, with the CRF07_BC fragments belonging to a CRF07_BC lineage specific to Chinese MSM and the CRF01_AE fragments belonging to the CRF01_AE lineage 5 common among MSM in northern China...
July 16, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700479/the-investigation-of-cd4-t-cell-functions-in-primary-hiv-infection-with-antiretroviral-therapy
#8
Yu Sun, Yajing Fu, Zining Zhang, Tian Tang, Jing Liu, Haibo Ding, Xiaoxu Han, Junjie Xu, Zhenxing Chu, Hong Shang, Yongjun Jiang
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection leads to reduced CD4T-cell counts and immune dysfunction. Initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in HIV primary infection has been recommended to achieve an optimal clinical outcome, but a comprehensive study on restoration of CD4T-cell function in primary HIV-infected individuals with ART still needs to be eluciated. We investigated longitudinal changes in the CD4T-cell counts, phenotypes, and functions in HIV-infected individuals with early ART (initiated within 6 months after HIV infection) or later ART (initiated more than 12 months after HIV infection)...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698676/new-anti-inflammatory-metabolites-produced-by-streptomyces-violaceoruber-isolated-from-equus-burchelli-feces
#9
Jian Ma, Hui Lei, Xiu Chen, Xiaoxu Bi, Yi Jiang, Li Han, Xueshi Huang
Three new metabolites (2-4), together with one known compound, GTRI-02, (1) were isolated from a fermentation broth of Streptomyces violaceoruber derived from Equus burchelli feces. The structures of the new compounds 2-4 were established using comprehensive NMR spectroscopic data analysis as well as UV, IR and MS data. The anti-inflammatory activity of compounds 1-4 was tested by examining their ability to inhibit nitric oxide (NO) production in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophage cells...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Antibiotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698612/eif2%C3%AE-signaling-regulates-ischemic-osteonecrosis-through-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress
#10
Daquan Liu, Yunlong Zhang, Xinle Li, Jie Li, Shuang Yang, Xiaoxue Xing, Guanwei Fan, Hiroki Yokota, Ping Zhang
Osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) primarily results from ischemia/hypoxia to the femoral head, and one of the cellular manifestations is the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. To understand possible linkage of ischemic osteonecrosis to the ER stress, a surgery-induced animal model was employed and salubrinal was administered to evaluate the role of ER stress. Salubrinal is a synthetic chemical that inhibits de-phosphorylation of eIF2α, and it can suppress cell death from the ER stress at a proper dose...
July 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691397/cyanidin-3-glucoside-increases-whole-body-energy-metabolism-by-upregulating-brown-adipose-tissue-mitochondrial-function
#11
Yilin You, Xiaoxue Yuan, Xiaomeng Liu, Chen Liang, Minghui Meng, Yuanyuan Huang, Xue Han, Jielong Guo, Yu Guo, Chenglong Ren, Qianwen Zhang, Xiangyu Sun, Tingting Ma, Guojie Liu, Wanzhu Jin, Weidong Huang, Jicheng Zhan
SCOPE: Obesity develops when energy intake exceeds energy expenditure. Promoting brown adipose tissue (BAT) formation and function increases energy expenditure and may protect against obesity. Cyanidin-3-glucoside (C3G) is an anthocyanin compound which occurs naturally in many fruits and vegetables. In this study, we investigated the effect and mechanism of C3G on the prevention of obesity. METHODS AND RESULTS: Db/db mice received C3G dissolved in drinking water for 16 weeks; Drinking water served as the vehicle treatment...
July 10, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687994/measurement-and-decomposition-of-energy-efficiency-of-northeast-china-based-on-super-efficiency-dea-model-and-malmquist-index
#12
Xiaojun Ma, Yan Liu, Xiaoxue Wei, Yifan Li, Mengchen Zheng, Yudong Li, Chaochao Cheng, Yumei Wu, Zhaonan Liu, Yuanbo Yu
Nowadays, environment problem has become the international hot issue. Experts and scholars pay more and more attention to the energy efficiency. Unlike most studies, which analyze the changes of TFEE in inter-provincial or regional cities, TFEE is calculated with the ratio of target energy value and actual energy input based on data in cities of prefecture levels, which would be more accurate. Many researches regard TFP as TFEE to do analysis from the provincial perspective. This paper is intended to calculate more reliably by super efficiency DEA, observe the changes of TFEE, and analyze its relation with TFP, and it proves that TFP is not equal to TFEE...
July 7, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685977/the-post-therapeutic-effect-of-rapamycin-in-mild-traumatic-brain-injured-rats-ensuing-in-the-upregulation-of-autophagy-and-mitophagy
#13
Changxing Wang, Zhiying Hu, Yang Zou, Mingjun Xiang, Yuting Jiang, Benson O A Botchway, Xue Huo, Xiaoxue Du, Marong Fang
Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), common in juveniles, has been reported to be caused by sports-related concussion. Many young children may suffer from post-concussion syndrome. mTBI, in early stages of life, could play a part in neuron apoptosis and degeneration, cognitive and motor coordination impairment, as well as dementia. Our study was aimed at further investigating the post therapeutic efficacy of rapamycin in the recuperation of mTBI whiles at the same time investigating the metamorphosis in both autophagy and mitophagy in mTBI...
July 7, 2017: Cell Biology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683431/modeling-and-projection-of-dengue-fever-cases-in-guangzhou-based-on-variation-of-weather-factors
#14
Chenlu Li, Xiaofeng Wang, Xiaoxu Wu, Jianing Liu, Duoying Ji, Juan Du
Dengue fever is one of the most serious vector-borne infectious diseases, especially in Guangzhou, China. Dengue viruses and their vectors Aedes albopictus are sensitive to climate change primarily in relation to weather factors. Previous research has mainly focused on identifying the relationship between climate factors and dengue cases, or developing dengue case models with some non-climate factors. However, there has been little research addressing the modeling and projection of dengue cases only from the perspective of climate change...
July 3, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679362/genome-wide-association-study-identifies-candidate-genes-for-piglet-splay-leg-syndrome-in-different-populations
#15
Xingjie Hao, Graham Plastow, Chunyan Zhang, Sutong Xu, Zhiqiu Hu, Tianfu Yang, Kai Wang, Huawei Yang, Xiaoxue Yin, Shili Liu, Zhenghua Wang, Zhiquan Wang, Shujun Zhang
BACKGROUND: Piglet splay leg syndrome (PSL) is one of the most frequent genetic defects, and can cause considerable economic loss in pig production. The present understanding of etiology and pathogenesis of PSL is poor. The current study focused on identifying loci associated with PSL through a genome-wide association study (GWAS) performed with the Illumina Porcine60 SNP Beadchip v2.0. The study was a case/control design with four pig populations (Duroc, Landrace, Yorkshire and one crossbred of Landrace × Yorkshire)...
July 5, 2017: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678085/two-year-changes-in-proteinuria-and-risk-for-myocardial-infarction-in-patients-with-hypertension-a-prospective-cohort-study
#16
Anxin Wang, Xiaoxue Liu, Zhaoping Su, Shuohua Chen, Nan Zhang, Yongjun Wang, Yilong Wang, Shouling Wu
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether changes in proteinuria are associated with the incidence of myocardial infarction (MI) in patients with hypertension. METHODS: The Kailuan study was a prospective longitudinal cohort study on cardiovascular risk factors and events. Hazard ratios with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using Cox regression models. RESULTS: A total of 24 926 hypertensive patients (mean age: 55.2 ± 10.9 years) without previous MI were included...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676472/internet-hospitals-in-china-cross-sectional-survey
#17
Xiaoxu Xie, Weimin Zhou, Lingyan Lin, Si Fan, Fen Lin, Long Wang, Tongjun Guo, Chuyang Ma, Jingkun Zhang, Yuan He, Yixin Chen
BACKGROUND: The Internet hospital, an innovative approach to providing health care, is rapidly developing in China because it has the potential to provide widely accessible outpatient service delivery via Internet technologies. To date, China's Internet hospitals have not been systematically investigated. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics of China's Internet hospitals, and to assess their health service capacity. METHODS: We searched Baidu, the popular Chinese search engine, to identify Internet hospitals, using search terms such as "Internet hospital," "web hospital," or "cloud hospital...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675293/enhanced-photocarrier-separation-in-hierarchical-graphitic-c3n4-supported-cuins2-for-noble-metal-free-z-scheme-photocatalytic-water-splitting
#18
Xiaoxue Li, Keyu Xie, Long Song, Mengjia Zhao, Zhipan Zhang
The effective separation of photogenerated electrons and holes in photocatalysts is a prerequisite for efficient photocatalytic water splitting. CuInS2 (CIS) is a widely used light absorber that works properly in photovoltaics but only shows limited performance in solar-driven hydrogen evolution due to its intrinsically severe charge recombination. Here, we prepare hierarchical graphitic C3N4-supported CuInS2 (denoted as GsC) by an in-situ growth of CIS directly on exfoliated thin graphitic C3N4 nanosheets (g-C3N4 NS) and demonstrate efficient separation of photoinduced charge carriers in the GsC by forming the Z-scheme system for the first time in CIS-catalyzed water-splitting...
July 4, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671465/in-situ-observation-and-electrochemical-study-of-encapsulated-sulfur-nanoparticles-by-mos2-flakes
#19
Wei Tang, Zhongxin Chen, Bingbing Tian, Hyun-Wook Lee, Xiaoxu Zhao, Xiaofeng Fan, Yanchen Fan, Kai Leng, Chengxin Peng, Min-Ho Kim, Meng Li, Ming Lin, Jie Su, Jianyi Chen, Hu Young Jeong, Xuesong Yin, Qianfan Zhang, Wu Zhou, Kian Ping Loh, Guangyuan Zheng
Sulfur is an attractive cathode material for next-generation lithium batteries due to its high theoretical capacity and low cost. However, dissolution of its lithiated product (lithium polysulfides) into the electrolyte limits the practical application of lithium sulfur batteries. Here we demonstrate that sulfur particles can be hermetically encapsulated by leveraging on the unique properties of two-dimensional materials such as molybdenum disulfide (MoS2). The high flexibility and strong van der Waals force in MoS2 nanoflakes allows encapsulation of the sulfur particles and prevent its sublimation during in-situ TEM studies...
July 3, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671199/con3-embedded-graphene-a-potential-catalyst-for-the-oxygen-reduction-reaction-from-a-theoretical-perspective
#20
Xiaoxu Sun, Kai Li, Cong Yin, Ying Wang, Feng He, Hao Tang, Zhijian Wu
Non-precious metal catalysts have attracted particular interest in recent years due to their promising ORR (oxygen reduction reaction) activity in fuel cells. In this work, the structural stability and ORR mechanism of CoN3 embedded graphene have been studied theoretically in acid media. The results indicate that CoN3 embedded graphene is stable thermodynamically. The kinetically most favorable reaction pathway for the ORR is a four-electron process. The process of OOH hydrogenation to generate O + H2O is the most favorable pathway...
July 21, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
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