keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Adhesive Arachnoiditis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146294/shunt-tube-placement-for-amelioration-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-flow-obstruction-caused-by-spinal-cord-subarachnoid-fibrosis-in-dogs
#1
Ilyssa L Meren, Jessica A Chavera, Cody J Alcott, Andrew K Barker, Nick D Jeffery
OBJECTIVE: To describe a novel technique for ameliorating cerebrospinal fluid flow obstruction secondary to pia-arachnoid fibrosis in dogs and report outcome. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive report and retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Dogs with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow obstruction (n = 7). METHODS: Medical records were searched for dogs that had a subarachnoid-subarachnoid shunt placed for treatment of CSF flow obstruction...
February 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134648/symptomatic-trigeminal-neuralgia-caused-by-cerebellopontine-angle-tumors
#2
Pengfei Liu, Chenlong Liao, Wenxiang Zhong, Min Yang, Shiting Li, Wenchuan Zhang
To investigate the characteristics of symptomatic trigeminal neuralgia (TN) caused by tumors and the relationship between anatomicosurgical findings and tumor type, the authors undertook a retrospective review of 35 patients with symptomatic TN between 2006 and 2015. The tumors included 16 meningiomas, 14 epidermoids, 4 vestibular schwannomas, and 1 hemangioblastoma. The studies show that patients with tumor-induced TN were significantly younger than those idiopathic TN (P <0.05). Meningioma-induced TN tended to have responsible vessels, while epidermoid tumor seemed to cause TN by wrapping or compressing the nerve...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115269/stretching-of-roots-contributes-to-the-pathophysiology-of-radiculopathies
#3
Jean-Marie Berthelot, Jean-Denis Laredo, Christelle Darrieutort-Laffite, Yves Maugars
PURPOSE: To perform a synthesis of articles addressing the role of stretching on roots in the pathophysiology of radiculopathy. METHODS: Review of relevant articles on this topic available in the PubMed database. RESULTS: An intraoperative microscopy study of patients with sciatica showed that in all patients the hernia was adherent to the dura mater of nerve roots. During the SLR (Lasègue's) test, the limitation of nerve root movement occurs by periradicular adhesive tissue, and temporary ischemic changes in the nerve root induced by the root stretching cause transient conduction disturbances...
January 20, 2017: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064327/application-of-neuroendoscopy-in-the-surgical-treatment-of-complicated-hemifacial-spasm
#4
Ming Zhi, Xiao J Lu, Qing Wang, Bing Li
OBJECTIVE: To explore the value of neuroendoscopy in surgery for primary hemifacial spasm (HFS) in patients with complicated local anatomy. METHODS: Endoscopic-assisted microvascular decompression (MVD) was performed in 42 patients with HFS with complicated local anatomy from Janurary 2008 to Janurary 2012 in our department, in the event of a significant blind spot, endoscopic exploration was performed with multi-angle 360-degree observation, including exploration of the brainstem facial nerve root exit zone (REZ) and exploration of the distal end of the nerve, and the relationships between blood vessels and nerves were carefully determined...
January 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003733/mmp19-expression-in-the-human-optic-nerve
#5
Kathleen R Chirco, Ralph J Hazlewood, Kathy Miller, Grefachew Workalemahu, Lee M Jampol, G Robert Lesser, Robert F Mullins, Markus H Kuehn, John H Fingert
PURPOSE: The defining feature of glaucoma is excavation of the optic nerve head; however, the mechanism of this loss of tissue is not well understood. We recently discovered a copy number variation upstream of matrix metalloproteinase 19 (MMP19) in a large, autosomal dominant pedigree with a congenital malformation of the optic disc called cavitary optic disc anomaly (CODA). Patients with CODA have abnormal optic discs that exhibit an excavated shape similar to cupping seen in glaucoma...
2016: Molecular Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986694/adhesive-arachnoiditis-in-mixed-connective-tissue-disease-a-rare-neurological-manifestation
#6
Maria Usman Khan, James Anthony Joseph Devlin, Alexander Fraser
The overall incidence of neurological manifestations is relatively low among patients with mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD). We recently encountered a case of autoimmune adhesive arachnoiditis in a young woman with 7 years history of MCTD who presented with severe back pain and myeloradiculopathic symptoms of lower limbs. To the best of our knowledge, adhesive arachnoiditis in an MCTD patient has never been previously reported. We report here this rare case, with the clinical picture and supportive ancillary data, including serology, cerebral spinal fluid analysis, electrophysiological evaluation and spinal neuroimaging, that is, MRI and CT (CT scan) of thoracic and lumbar spine...
December 16, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923631/the-influence-of-fibroblast-on-the-arachnoid-leptomeningeal-cells-in-vitro
#7
Cornelius H Lam, Liudmila Romanova, Allison Hubel, Christopher Janson, Eric A Hansen
OBJECTIVE: Fibroblast is pervasive in the setting of injury. Its invasion into the arachnoid tissue causes scarring, cortical adhesion of the brain, and obstruction of cerebrospinal fluid outflow. The purpose of this study is to determine the phenotypic and physiologic effects of fibroblasts on arachnoid in culture. METHODS: We studied the effects of fibroblast on the arachnoid cell growth, motility, phenotypic changes, and transport properties. Immortalized rat (Rattus norvegicus, Sprague Dawley breed) arachnoid cells were grown with fibroblast on opposite sides of polyethylene membranes or co-cultured in plastic wells...
December 3, 2016: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846400/spinal-cordectomy-a-new-hope-for-morbid-spinal-conditions
#8
REVIEW
Subhas K Konar, Tanmoy K Maiti, Shyamal C Bir, Anil Nanda
A spinal cordectomy is a treatment option for several disorders of the spinal cord like post-traumatic syringomyelia, spinal cord tumor and myelomeningocele. We have done a systematic analysis of all reported cases of spinal cordectomy to investigate the possible outcomes and complications. A PubMed search was performed for literature published from 1949 to 2015 with search words "spinal cordectomy", "spinal cord transection" and "cordectomy for malignant spinal cord tumors" to select articles containing information about the indication, outcome and complication of spinal cordectomy performed for diverse etiologies...
January 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834592/the-anterior-temporal-artery-an-underutilized-but-robust-donor-for-revascularization-of-the-distal-middle-cerebral-artery
#9
Ali Tayebi Meybodi, Michael T Lawton, Dylan Griswold, Pooneh Mokhtari, Andre Payman, Arnau Benet
OBJECTIVE The anterior temporal artery (ATA) supplies an area of the brain that, if sacrificed, does not cause a noticeable loss of function. Therefore, the ATA may be used as a donor in intracranial-intracranial (IC-IC) bypass procedures. The capacities of the ATA as a donor have not been studied previously. In this study, the authors assessed the feasibility of using the ATA as a donor for revascularization of different segments of the distal middle cerebral artery (MCA). METHODS The ATA was studied in 15 cadaveric specimens (8 heads, excluding 1 side)...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684061/influence-of-the-state-of-the-subarachnoid-space-of-the-cranial-base-in-hydrocephalus-resolution-after-endoscopy
#10
Jose Juan Sanchez Rodriguez, Jaime Torres Corzo, Dominic Shelby Cervantes, Roberto Rodriguez-DellaVecchia, Antonio Gordillo-Moscoso, Juan Manuel Vinas Rios, Martin Sanchez-Aguilar
Objective To compare the resolution rate of hydrocephalus after endoscopy (predominantly endoscopic third ventriculostomy [ETV]) using flexible endoscopes during a 5-year period in patients with a permeable and a nonpermeable subarachnoid space (SAS). Material and Methods We conducted a retrospective cohort study of the videos and records of 150 hydrocephalic patients chosen randomly who underwent ETV (and other endoscopic procedures) with a flexible endoscope. The patients were classified into two groups based on the neuroendoscopic findings...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609449/encasement-of-the-cauda-equina-after-early-childhood-meningitis-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
Arthur Gubian, Steffen K Rosahl
BACKGROUND: Arachnopathy following meningitis has been described in the setting of chronic spinal arachnoiditis and more recently as shunt-related progressive myelopathy due to meningeal thickening. CASE DESCRIPTION: We describe an atypical case of a patient who presented with chronic arachnopathy 5 decades after an episode of meningitis. We also review the literature concerning arachnopathies occurring in the context of early childhood meningitis. Although our case bore clinical and radiologic similarities to chronic spinal arachnoiditis and shunt-related progressive myelopathy, time to symptom onset, intraoperative findings, pathophysiology, and surgical outcome set it apart from both conditions...
September 5, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27323562/immediate-pain-relief-by-microvascular-decompression-for-idiopathic-trigeminal-neuralgia
#12
Naeem ul Haq, Mumtaz Ali, Hayat Mohammad Khan, Muhammad Ishaq, Muhammad Ishfaq Khattak
BACKGROUND: Trigeminal neuralgia is a common entity which is managed by neurosurgeons in day to day practice. Up-till now many treatment options have been adopted for it but micro-vascular decompression is much impressive in terms of pain control and recurrence rate in all of them. The objective of study was known the efficacy of micro vascular decompression for idiopathic trigeminal neuralgia by using muscle patch in terms of immediate pain relief. METHODS: This descriptive study was carried out in Neurosurgery Department lady reading hospital, Peshawar from January 2010 to December 2012...
January 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27212734/post-procedure-adhesive-arachnoiditis-following-obstetric-spinal-anaesthesia
#13
Ipsita Chattopadhyay, Amarendra Kumar Jha, Sumantra Sarathi Banerjee, Srabani Basu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27123028/multiple-intradural-disc-herniations-masquerading-as-intradural-extramedullary-tumors-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
Young-Seop Park, Seung-Jae Hyun, Ki-Jeong Kim, Tae-Ahn Jahng
Intradural disc herniation is a very rare condition, and multiple intradural disc herniations have not been reported to date. The latter may be confused with intradural extramedullary (IDEM) spinal tumors. Here, we report a case of multiple intradural disc herniations masquerading as multiple IDEM tumors and review the relevant literature. We retrospectively reviewed the patient's medical chart, reviewed the intraoperative microscopic findings, and reviewed of PubMed articles on intradural disc herniation. The masses considered to be IDEM tumors were confirmed to be multiple intradural disc herniations...
March 2016: Korean Journal of Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27080749/spinal-cord-stimulation-combined-with-microsurgical-drezotomy-for-pain-due-to-syringomyelia
#15
Wei Shu, Yongjie Li, Wei Tao, Yongsheng Hu
A 49-year-old man with lower extremity neuropathic pain thought to be caused by spinal cord syringomyelia was treated with a combination of using spinal cord stimulation, decompression of the syrinx, relief of arachnoid adhesions and microsurgical DREZotomy. The patient had significant pain relief and has stable neurological status at follow-up.
October 2016: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27029331/-trigeminal-neuralgia-and-hemifacial-spasm-associated-with-vertebrobasilar-artery-tortuosity
#16
Yu A Grigoryan, A R Sitnikov, G Yu Grigoryan
BACKGROUND: The tortuous vertebrobasilar artery (TVBA) often causes neurovascular conflicts in patients with trigeminal neuralgia (TN) and hemifacial spasm (HFS). Implementation of microvascular decompression (MVD) in these circumstances is hindered due to stiffness of the enlarged and dilated arteries and is often accompanied by poor outcomes. The surgical strategy in cases of trigeminal neuralgia and hemifacial spasm associated with the TVBA should be clarified in order to achieve good outcomes...
2016: Zhurnal Voprosy Neĭrokhirurgii Imeni N. N. Burdenko
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26721002/microvascular-decompression-for-trigeminal-neuralgia
#17
Shahbaz Ali Khan, Baynazir Khan, Abdul Aziz Khan, Ehtisham Ahmed Khan Afridi, Shakir Mehmood, Gul Muhammad, Iqbal Hussain, Khalid Khan Zadran, Sajid Nazir Bhatti
BACKGROUND: Trigeminal Neuralgia (TGN) is the most frequently diagnosed type of facial pain. In idiopathic type of TGN it is caused by the neuro-vascular conflict involving trigeminal nerve. Microvascular decompression (MVD) aims at addressing this basic pathology in the idiopathic type of TGN. This study was conducted to determine the outcome and complications of patients with idiopathic TGN undergoing MVD. METHODS: In a descriptive case series patients with idiopathic TGN undergoing MVD were included in consecutive manner...
July 2015: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26693389/arachnoiditis-ossificans-and-syringomyelia-a-unique-presentation
#18
Charles F Opalak, Michael E Opalak
BACKGROUND: Arachnoiditis ossificans (AO) is a rare disorder that was differentiated from leptomeningeal calcification by Kaufman and Dunsmore in 1971. It generally presents with progressive lower extremity myelopathy. Though the underlying etiology has yet to be fully described, it has been associated with various predisposing factors including vascular malformations, previous intradural surgery, myelograms, and adhesive arachnoiditis. Associated conditions include syringomyelia and arachnoid cyst...
2015: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26441259/surgical-management-of-syringomyelia-unrelated-to-chiari-malformation-or-spinal-cord-injury
#19
Andrea Talacchi, Pietro Meneghelli, Ignazio Borghesi, Francesca Locatelli
PURPOSE: Syringomyelia is a misleading disease since the problem always lies elsewhere. Arachnoiditis, because it is radiographically difficult to discern, is an especially insidious cause. To better guide selection from among surgical treatment options for syringomyelia, we reviewed our case series of patients without Chiari malformation or spinal injury. METHODS: Excluding syringomyelia due to Chiari malformation, spinal cord injury, and tumors, 32 patients (mean age 44 years) were operated on between 1995 and 2013 and followed up for a mean of 53...
June 2016: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26298824/is-repair-of-the-protruded-meninges-sufficient-for-treatment-of-meningocele
#20
Song Yun-Hai, Bao Nan, Gao Ping-Ping, Yang Bo, Chen Cheng
PURPOSE: The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between meningocele and tethered cord syndrome, diagnosis of meningocele associated with tethered cord syndrome, and when to perform surgery and the best surgical procedure. METHODS: Sixty-nine children with meningocele who were admitted to Shanghai Children's Medical Center were analyzed. The relationship between meningocele and other lesions causing tethered cord syndrome was studied by combining magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and intraoperative findings...
November 2015: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
keyword
keyword
40312
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"