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NYHA dyspnea

V Mecarocci, F Mori
Background: Outcome of Mitral Valve Prolapse (MVP) was controversial for long time. Many studies reported great differences in the incidence of cardiovascular events due, above all, to heterogeneous and small studied populations. Most of theme were also published to late '80 of the last century till early '00. Purpose: To make a contemporary survey on the incidence of cardiovascular events in a selected population of patients affected by primary MVP referred to a tertiary cardiovascular center for the medical and surgical care of valvular heart disease...
December 1, 2016: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
Eglė Ereminienė, Marija Kinderytė, Skaidrius Miliauskas
Eisenmenger syndrome (ES) is the most severe form of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) associated with congenital heart disease. It is an extremely devastating condition with a serious impact on patients' life. Classical therapy of ES remains directed to avoid complications, such as erythrocytosis, treatment of congestive heart failure, prevention of infection, and secondary haematological abnormalities such as iron deficiency and coagulation disorders. However, the only effective treatment is heart-lung transplantation; still, morbidity and mortality after transplantation remain substantially high...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
Pritpal Singh
BACKGROUND: Anagrelide is an established treatment option for essential thrombocythemia (ET). Cardiovascular adverse events can occur with its use including heart failure and cardiomyopathy. CASE REPORT: A 52-year-old African American male with ET presented with chest pain, shortness of breath, and dyspnea on exertion. His ET was managed with hydroxyurea 1500 mg by mouth twice a day and anagrelide 1 mg by mouth 3 times a day. The patient was receiving anagrelide for approximately 2 years prior to presentation...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
G Glezer M, On Behalf Of The Choice-Study Participants On Behalf Of The Choice-Study Participants
OBJECTIVE: in the framework of an open post-marketing observational national program CHOICE-2 to assess correspondence between recommendations for management of patients with stable angina and actual clinical practice, as well as to assess effect of treatment with cytoprotector trimetazidine on clinical course of the disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Participating physicians (n=185 from 46 regions of Russian Federation) recruited 896 patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD)...
May 2016: Kardiologiia
Taalaibek Kudaiberdiev, Irina Akhmedova, Gulzada Imanalieva, Ildar Abdildaev, Kilichbek Jooshev, Jamalbek Ashimov, Azamat Mirzabekov, Janibek Gaybildaev
OBJECTIVE: We present the case of possible reverse type of TCM in a female patient presented with progressive left ventricular dysfunction and its rupture in pericardium. METHODS: The detailed history, physical examination, laboratory tests, electrocardiography, serial echocardiography, coronary angiography with left ventriculography were performed to diagnose possible Takotsubo cardiomyopathy in 63-year old woman admitted to our center with complaints of dyspnea, lightheadedness, weakness and signs of hypotension and history of inferior myocardial infarction, acute left ventricular aneurysm, and effusive pericarditis and pleuritis, developed after emotional stress 5 months ago...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
Jignesh Kothari, Kartik Patel, Bhavin Brahmbhatt, Kinnaresh Baria, Malkesh Talsaria, Sanjay Patel, Sandeep Tailor
INTRODUCTION: Prosthetic Valve Thrombosis (PVT) remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality after valve replacement. Although surgical treatment is usually preferred as life-saving in cases of obstructive PVT, optimal treatment is yet to be decided. AIM: To evaluate risk factors and outcome of the patients undergoing redo mitral valve surgery for acute PVT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2012 and February 2015, 65 patients underwent redo surgery for obstructive PVT of mitral valve in Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, UN Mehta Institute of Cardiology & Research Centre...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
A A Ngaïdé, F Ly, K Ly, M Diao, Ad Kane, A Mbaye, M Lèye, F Aw, S A Sarr, M Dioum, C T Ndao, N D Gaye, M B Ndiaye, M Bodian, M B Bah, M Ndiaye, A F Cissé, I Kouamé, A Tabane, J S Mingou, P Thiombiano, A Kane, S A Bâ
Systemic lupus erythematosus is a non-specific inflammatory disorder of an organ of unknown cause and autoimmune origin. Visceral injuries, including those cardiovascular, determine the prognosis of this disease primarily affecting women. The objectives of this study were to determine the frequency and describe the cardiovascular manifestations in systemic lupus erythematosus in a lupus population of the Dakar region. This is a multicenter prospective study descriptive and analytical conducted in the region of Dakar (Senegal) from 14 February 2011 to 2 July 2012...
December 2016: Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique
Frank Spillmann, Uwe Kühl, Sophie Van Linthout, Fernando Dominguez, Felicitas Escher, Heinz-Peter Schultheiss, Burkert Pieske, Carsten Tschöpe
We report the case of a 17-year-old female patient with known hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and a Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome. She came to our department for further evaluation of a new diagnosed dilated cardiomyopathy characterized by an enlargement of the left ventricle and a fall in ejection fraction. Clinically, she complained about atypical chest pain, arrhythmic episodes with presyncopal events, and dyspnea (NYHA III) during the last 6 months. Non-invasive and invasive examinations including magnetic resonance imaging, electrophysiological examinations, and angiography did not lead to a conclusive diagnosis...
June 2016: ESC Heart Failure
Hae-Young Lee, Chan-Soon Park, Sang-Hoon Na, Kyung-Jin Kim, Chan Joo Lee, Sungha Park
A 47-year-old woman was admitted via emergency department due to dyspnea NYHA Fc II-III aggravated for 2 months after upper respiratory infection. Her height and body weight were 161 cm / 67 kg. Initial vital signs were 110/70 mmHg - 112 BPM - 24/min - 36.5°C. Chest PA showed cardiomegaly and pulmonary congestion (Figure 1). B-natriuretic peptide level was markedly increased (2002 pg/mL, normal range ≤ 100 pg/mL). The echocardiographic examination showed severely dilated LV cavity (61/72 mm) and severe LV systolic dysfunction (EF 28%) with normal left ventricular wall thickness (9/11 mm) (Figure 2)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Hae-Young Lee, Chan-Soon Park, Sang-Hoon Na, Kyung-Jin Kim, Chan Joo Lee, Sungha Park
A 47-year-old woman was admitted via emergency department due to dyspnea NYHA Fc II-III aggravated for 2 months after upper respiratory infection. Her height and body weight were 161 cm / 67 kg. Initial vital signs were 110/70 mmHg - 112 BPM - 24/min - 36.5°C. Chest PA showed cardiomegaly and pulmonary congestion (Figure 1). B-natriuretic peptide level was markedly increased (2002 pg/mL, normal range ≤ 100 pg/mL). The echocardiographic examination showed severely dilated LV cavity (61/72 mm) and severe LV systolic dysfunction (EF 28%) with normal left ventricular wall thickness (9/11 mm) (Figure 2)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Santosh Kumar Sinha, Dibbendhu Khanra, Mukesh Jitendra Jha, Karandeep Singh, Mahamdulla Razi, Amit Goel, Vikas Mishra, Mohammad Asif, Mohit Sachan, Nasar Afdaali, Ashutosh Kumar, Ramesh Thakur, Vinay Krishna, Umeshwar Pandey, Chandra Mohan Varma
ALCAPA syndrome (anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery) is a rare disease but lethal with clinical expression from myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure to death during early infancy and unusual survival to adulthood. We report a 73-year-old woman with ALCAPA who presented with exertional dyspnea (NYHA functional class II) over past 2 years. Physical examination revealed soft S, long mid diastolic rumbling murmur and apical pan-systolic murmur. Electrocardiography displayed biatrial enlargement and poor R progression and normal sinus rhythm...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
Shahla Abrar, Mohammed Junaid Ansari, Mahima Mittal, K P Kushwaha
INTRODUCTION: Paediatric myocarditis can present as mild flu like symptoms to fulminent form. Early identification of the severity of illness and prioritization of intensive care is helpful especially in developing countries with limited resources. AIM: To know the factors at admission that can predict mortality in paediatric myocarditis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was an observational study which enrolled children who presented with fever of acute onset (less than 15 days in duration), and were diagnosed as suspected myocarditis on the basis of clinical features, Troponin I and echocardiography, according to Expanded criteria for myocarditis in Paediatric ward at our institute over a period from August 2014 to December 2015...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Fei-Ying Cheong, Adam C Gower, Harrison W Farber
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is one of the most devastating complications in scleroderma (SSc) patients and has a poorer outcome than other PAH subgroups. Tadalafil (Adcirca(®)) is a phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor (PDE5-I) approved by the FDA for treatment of PAH; however, its effectiveness specifically in SSc-PAH patients is unclear. We investigated whether there were differences in gene expression associated with 16 weeks of treatment with tadalafil and, if so, whether these changes differed with respect to treatment outcome...
June 7, 2016: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
Steven Z Pantilat, David L O'Riordan, Megan A Rathfon, Kathleen A Dracup, Teresa De Marco
OBJECTIVE: Describe the etiology of pain among HF patients and examine the relationship between pain and QoL. BACKGROUND: Little is known about the etiology of pain in patients with heart failure (HF) and the impact it has on quality of life (QoL). METHODS: A prospective cohort study of outpatients with NYHA Class II or III HF were surveyed at baseline and at three-month follow-up. The study was conducted in Heart Failure clinics affiliated with a large, urban, academic medical center...
December 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Giuseppe Talanas, Roberto Garbo
A 43year-old male, with a long history of coronary artery disease, was electively admitted to our institution because of dyspnea for moderate physical efforts (NYHA 2) related to an in-stent chronic total occlusion of ostial RCA and with demonstration of a significant area of inducible myocardial ischemia at stress echocardiography. After a gentle attempt of antegrade approach, the in-stent CTO of ostial RCA was successfully reopened with a retrograde approach using a knuckle technique. After IVUS evaluation which showed that the course of the retrograde guidewire was mostly within the stent strut circumference with the exception of the ostial RCA where the guidewire past between the stent and the vessel wall, implantation of 4 drug-eluting stent was performed from mid to ostial RCA with a good final result...
January 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
Shahriar Mali, Mohammadtaghi Sarebanhassanabadi
BACKGROUND: Combined open-heart surgery and thyroidectomy is a rare procedure. However, some difficulties will occur for cardiac surgery when thyromegaly extends into the retrosternal space. CASE DETAILS: A 54-year-old woman suffering from dyspnea, chest pain and decreased left ventricular function (EF=40%) was diagnosed with coronary artery disease (3 vessel disease) and became candidate for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Also, she had multinodular goiter with normal thyroid function test...
May 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Ali Refatllari, Ermal Likaj, Selman Dumani, Endri Hasimi, Artan Goda
BACKGROUND: An anomalous origin of the right coronary artery is rarely observed, with a reported incidence between 0.026% and 0.25%. This condition is often completely asymptomatic and is found incidentally during angiographic evaluation for other cardiac diseases. However some patients present with exertion angina or sudden death. Surgical treatment in patients with anomalous RCA is still controversial. Treatment can be conservative, angioplasty or surgery. CASE PRESENTATION: A 59-year-old man was admitted with severe mitral stenosis...
March 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Nobuyuki Fukuda, Hiroshi Ueno, Tadakazu Hirai, Hiroshi Inoue, Koichiro Kinugawa
An 85-year-old man with severe aortic stenosis (transaortic peak velocity 4.4 m/s, mean gradient 46 mmHg and valve area 0.71 cm(2)) was admitted to our hospital due to mild exertional dyspnea (NYHA class II). He had received low-dose prednisolone (5 mg/day) plus tacrolimus hydrate (1.5 mg/day) for rheumatic arthritis and interstitial pneumonia. Although aortic valve replacement was indicated, he was considered at high risk to undergo open heart surgery because of reduced pulmonary function (FEV1.0%, 77.2%) and long-term treatment with immunosuppressive drugs...
2016: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
Jeehoon Kang, Jonghanne Park, Joo Myung Lee, Jin Joo Park, Dong-Ju Choi
BACKGROUND: Although anemia is common in chronic heart failure (CHF), the use of erythropoiesis stimulating agents (ESAs) in CHF patients remains controversial. In this meta-analysis, we sought to clarify the efficacy and safety of ESAs in anemic patients with CHF. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, the U.S. National Institutes of Health registry of clinical trials. We included 13 randomized clinical trials (RCTs) in the meta-analysis...
September 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
E Lücke, J Schreiber, M Zencker, R Braun-Dullaeus, J Herold
A 72-year-old female patient presented with increasing dyspnea of unclear origin classified as New York Heart Association stage III (NYHA III). Using transesophageal echocardiography a patent foramen ovale (PFO) and right heart failure could be diagnosed. Right heart catheterization revealed a large left to right shunt due to an arteriovenous malformation in the liver. Because of additional telangiectasia of the lips the presumptive diagnosis was Rendu-Osler-Weber disease. Typical nosebleeds and other symptoms of the disease were lacking and only two out of four Curaçao criteria were positive; therefore, genetic testing was performed, which verified the clinical diagnosis...
June 2016: Der Internist
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