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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050711/prevalence-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-in-pediatric-patients-with-scoliosis-preparing-for-spinal-surgery
#1
Theresa Mayes, Jennifer M Anadio, Peter F Sturm
BACKGROUND: Establishing prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in elective scoliosis surgery may impact clinical outcomes. The objectives of this study were to document vitamin D status of patients with scoliosis preparing for surgical intervention in order to establish frequency of deficiency and determine characteristics influencing levels. METHODS: Records were queried for patients with scoliosis diagnosis who underwent posterior spinal fusion or initial growing rod placement and had serum vitamin 25 hydroxyvitamin D (D25) recorded in the preoperative period...
November 2017: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049845/impact-of-the-initial-fitness-level-on-the-effects-of-a-structured-exercise-therapy-during-pediatric-stem-cell-transplantation
#2
Susanne Wallek, Anna Senn-Malashonak, Lutz Vogt, Katharina Schmidt, Peter Bader, Winfried Banzer
BACKGROUND: Before and after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), most patients suffer from psychophysical limitations due to the treatment. Exercise interventions demonstrate beneficial effects on, for example, strength, endurance, or health-related quality of life during and after HSCT, but with a great variation among patients concerning the response to exercise. This study examines the influence of the initial fitness on the effects of an exercise therapy in pediatric HSCT...
October 19, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047247/a-simulation-study-of-propofol-effect-site-concentration-for-appropriate-sedation-in-pediatric-patients-undergoing-brain-mri-pharmacodynamic-analysis
#3
Se Hee Na, Young Song, So Yeon Kim, Hyo Jin Byon, Hwan Ho Jung, Dong Woo Han
PURPOSE: We aimed to establish the propofol effect-site concentration (Ce) for appropriate sedation by pharmacodynamic analysis and to determine the propofol Ce during occurrence of sedation-related side effects in pediatric patients undergoing brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 50 pediatric patients scheduled for brain MRI, sedation was induced with 2.0 mg/kg propofol; additional propofol doses were 0.5-1 mg/kg. Propofol Ce was simulated by inputting the propofol administration profiles of patients into a pediatric compartmental model (Choi model)...
November 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044814/determination-of-the-optimal-depth-of-a-left-internal-jugular-venous-catheter-in-infants-a-prospective-observational-study
#4
Ji-Hyun Lee, Hyo-Jin Byon, Yoon-Hyeong Choi, In-Kyung Song, Jin-Tae Kim, Hee-Soo Kim
BACKGROUND: Few reports exist regarding the optimal depth of a left-sided central venous catheter in pediatric patients. We aimed to provide a guideline for the optimal depth of central venous catheters at the left internal jugular vein in infants, using anatomical landmarks, age, height, and weight. METHODS: A two-stage study was conducted. In the first observational study, infants aged ≤1 year and scheduled for elective surgery requiring a central venous catheter were enrolled...
October 17, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043601/pupillary-reflex-dilation-in-response-to-incremental-nociceptive-stimuli-in-patients-receiving-intravenous-ketamine
#5
Nada Sabourdin, Thomas Giral, Risa Wolk, Nicolas Louvet, Isabelle Constant
Pupillometry is a non-invasive monitoring technique, which allows dynamic pupillary diameter measurement by an infrared camera. Pupillary diameter increases in response to nociceptive stimuli. In patients anesthetized with propofol or volatile agents, the magnitude of this pupillary dilation is related to the intensity of the stimulus. Pupillary response to nociceptive stimuli has never been studied under ketamine anesthesia. Our objective was to describe pupillary reflex dilation after calibrated tetanic stimulations in patients receiving intravenous ketamine...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040012/outcome-of-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-in-children-with-down-syndrome-polish-pediatric-leukemia-and-lymphoma-study-group-report
#6
Joanna Zawitkowska, Teresa Odój, Katarzyna Drabko, Agnieszka Zaucha-Prażmo, Julia Rudnicka, Michał Romiszewski, Michał Matysiak, Kinga Kwiecińska, Magdalena Ćwiklińska, Walentyna Balwierz, Joanna Owoc-Lempach, Katarzyna Derwich, Jacek Wachowiak, Maciej Niedźwiecki, Elżbieta Adamkiewicz-Drożyńska, Joanna Trelińska, Wojciech Młynarski, Andrzej Kołtan, Mariusz Wysocki, Renata Tomaszewska, Tomasz Szczepański, Marcin Płonowski, Maryna Krawczuk-Rybak, Tomasz Ociepa, Tomasz Urasiński, Agnieszka Mizia-Malarz, Grażyna Sobol-Milejska, Grażyna Karolczyk, Jerzy Kowalczyk
Children with Down syndrome (DS) have a 20-fold increased risk of developing leukemia compared with the general population. The aim of the study was to analyze the outcome of patients diagnosed with Down syndrome and acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in Poland between the years 2003 and 2010. A total of 1848 children were diagnosed with ALL (810 females and 1038 males). Of those, 41 (2.2%) had DS. The children were classified into three risk groups: a standard-risk group-14 patients, an intermediate-risk group-24, a high-risk group-3...
October 17, 2017: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033734/microlaryngeal-endotracheal-tube-for-lung-isolation-in-pediatric-patient-with-significant-tracheal-narrowing
#7
Renu Sinha, Anjan Trikha, Rajkumar Subramanian
A 15-year-old boy, weighing 45 kg, 160 cm height with large anterior mediastinal mass and significant tracheal narrowing was scheduled for thoracotomy and excision of the mass. He had a history of progressive dyspnea, inability to lie supine, and a right upper hemithorax mass 13 cm × 13 cm × 11 cm as evident on a computerized tomography with significant compression of the trachea and right main stem bronchus. Inhalational induction was carried out using sevoflurane with 100% oxygen. After achieving adequate depth of anesthesia with the maintenance of spontaneous respiration with oxygen and sevoflurane (minimum alveolar concentration 1...
October 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033727/ultrasound-assessment-of-cranial-spread-during-caudal-blockade-in-children-effect-of-different-volumes-of-local-anesthetic
#8
Chandni Sinha, Amarjeet Kumar, Shalini Sharma, Akhilesh Kumar Singh, Somak Majumdar, Ajeet Kumar, Nishant Sahay, Bindey Kumar, U K Bhadani
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound-guided caudal block injection is a simple, safe, and effective method of anesthesia/analgesia in pediatric patients. The volume of caudal drug required has always been a matter of debate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This present prospective, randomized, double-blinded study aimed to measure extent of the cranial spread of caudally administered levobupivacaine in Indian children by means of real-time ultrasonography. Ninety American Society of Anesthesiologists I/II children scheduled for urogenital surgeries were enrolled in this trial...
October 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033724/comparison-of-laryngeal-tube-suction-ii-and-proseal-lma%C3%A2-in-pediatric-patients-undergoing-elective-surgery
#9
Saurabh Chandrakar, Deepak Kumar Sreevastava, Sidharth Bhasin, Mridul Dhar
BACKGROUND: Supraglottic airway devices now have an established place in pediatric anesthesia practice. The laryngeal tube suction (LTS) II, a recent revision of the LTS, has very few studies evaluating its use in pediatric patients. The aim of this study was to compare insertion and ventilation profiles of the LTS-II size 2 and the ProSeal™ Laryngeal Mask Airway (PLMA) size 2 in pediatric patients undergoing elective surgeries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomized prospective study was conducted in 100 children aged 2-5 years between 12 and 25 kg weight, of the American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I and II scheduled for routine elective surgeries of <90 min duration...
October 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033046/eschar-removal-by-bromelain-based-enzymatic-debridement-nexobrid-%C3%A2-in-burns-an-european-consensus
#10
Christoph Hirche, Antonella Citterio, Henk Hoeksema, Ján Koller, Martina Lehner, José Ramón Martinez, Stan Monstrey, Alexandra Murray, Jan A Plock, Frank Sander, Alexandra Schulz, Benjamin Ziegler, Ulrich Kneser
Early debridement and/or eschar removal is regarded as a significant step in the treatment of deep partial and full thickness burns. It aims to control wound bioburden and allows early wound closure by conservative treatment or skin grafting. Preservation of viable dermis accompanied by early wound closure, is regarded as a necessary step to reduce scar related complication, e.g. functional limitations and/or unaesthetic scar formation. Aside from the classical techniques of surgical excision as tangential excision for eschar removal, hydro-surgery, maggot therapy, laser, enzymatic debridement have been described as additional techniques in the burn surgeon's armamentarium...
October 12, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028762/intermittent-versus-continuous-and-intermittent-medications-for-pain-and-sedation-after-pediatric-cardiothoracic-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Jamie S Penk, Cheryl A Lefaiver, Colleen M Brady, Christine M Steffensen, Kimberly Wittmayer
OBJECTIVES: Compare continuous infusions of morphine and midazolam in addition to intermittent doses with an intermittent only strategy for pain and sedation after pediatric cardiac surgery. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Advocate Children's Hospital, Oak Lawn, IL. PATIENTS: Sixty patients 3 months to 4 years old with early extubation after pediatric cardiac surgery. INTERVENTIONS: Patients received a continuous infusion of morphine and midazolam or placebo for 24 hours...
October 12, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027478/educational-initiative-to-standardize-concussion-management-in-pediatric-primary-care
#12
Alex M Taylor, Lise E Nigrovic, Meredith L Saillant, Emily K Trudell, Jonathan R Modest, Madeleine Kuhn, Louis Vernacchio
Pediatric primary care providers report limited training and tools to manage concussion. We developed a learning community intervention for a large independent pediatric practice association affiliated with a university hospital to standardize concussion management and improve the use of consensus-based guidelines. The learning community included in-person and online didactics, followed by a web-based reinforcement platform to educate and train clinicians on our treatment algorithm and decision support tools...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021105/invasive-pneumococcal-pneumonia-caused-by-13-valent-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine-types-in-children-with-different-schedules
#13
Hong-Yi Lee, Yu-Chia Hsieh, Ching-Chuan Liu, Yi-Chuan Huang, Kuang-Yi Chang, Hsin Chi, Luan-Yin Chang, Yhu-Chering Huang, Li-Min Huang
BACKGROUND: In Taiwan, the age group with the greatest incidence of invasive pneumococcal disease is 2-5 years of age, which is different from other countries. This study was conducted to identify risk factors and different 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) schedules associated with vaccine-type invasive pneumococcal pneumonia (IPP) despite prior vaccination. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted prospectively between August 2012 and December 2015 at five participating medical centers...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992996/attention-profiles-in-childhood-absence-epilepsy-compared-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#14
Hyun-Jeong Lee, Eun-Hee Kim, Mi-Sun Yum, Tae-Sung Ko, Hyo-Won Kim
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the attention profiles of subjects with childhood absence epilepsy (CAE) to those of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and controls. METHOD: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 20 children (age 7.2 ± 1.6 years, 5 boys) in whom CAE was diagnosed at the Department of Pediatric Neurology of Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea. ADHD and control subjects were selected from children who visited the Department of Pediatric Psychiatry and were confirmed as having or not having ADHD based on Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) and the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children-Present and Lifetime version (K-SADS-PL)...
October 6, 2017: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990851/stability-study-of-a-clonidine-oral-solution-in-a-novel-vehicle-designed-for-pediatric-patients
#15
Arnaud Potier, Julien Voyat, Alain Nicolas
Clonidine hydrochloride is administered to opioid-addicted mothers' neonates to reduce neonatal abstinence syndrome. It is prescribed off-label to neonates at 0.5-1 µg/kg/6 hours, alone or in combination. The commercially injectable form of clonidine - Catapressan® 0.15 mg/mL - is being orally given after an appropriate dilution in water. However, this practice is not suitable for a perfectly safe and accurate administration. The objectives were to design a 10 µg/mL oral solution of clonidine hydrochloride in Inorpha® and to study the stability of this solution by a validated stability indicating liquid chromatography (LC) method...
October 9, 2017: Pharmaceutical Development and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990685/national-trends-in-otolaryngology-intern-curricula-following-accreditation-council-for-graduate-medical-education-changes
#16
Kevin J Kovatch, Rebecca S Harvey, Mark E P Prince, Marc C Thorne
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: In 2016, Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) requirements for curriculum and resident experiences were modified to require entering postgraduate year (PGY)-1 residents to spend 6 months of structured education on otolaryngology-head and neck surgery (ORL-HNS) rotations. We aimed to determine how ORL-HNS training programs have adapted curricula in response to 2016 ACGME curriculum requirement changes. STUDY DESIGN: Survey study...
October 9, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975382/population-pharmacokinetics-of-treosulfan-and-development-of-a-limited-sampling-strategy-in-children-prior-to-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#17
Dorota Danielak, Jadwiga Twardosz, Anna Kasprzyk, Jacek Wachowiak, Krzysztof Kałwak, Franciszek Główka
PURPOSE: There is an increasing interest in use of treosulfan (TREO), a structural analogue of busulfan, as an agent in conditioning regimens prior to hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), both in pediatric and adult populations. The aim of this study was to develop a population pharmacokinetic model and to establish limited sampling strategies (LSSs) enabling accurate estimation of exposure to this drug. METHODS: The study included 15 pediatric patients with malignant and non-malignant diseases, undergoing conditioning regimens prior to HSCT including TREO administered as a 1 h or 2 h infusion at daily doses of 10, 12, or 14 g/m(2)...
October 3, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975017/variegated-colors-of-pediatric-glioblastoma-multiforme-what-to-expect
#18
Vivek Immanuel, Pamela A Kingsley, Preety Negi, Roma Isaacs, Sarvpreet S Grewal
Malignant gliomas account for 35-45% of primary brain tumors; among these glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common adult brain tumor constituting approximately 85%. Its incidence is quite less in the pediatric population and treatment of these patients is particularly challenging. Exposure to ionizing radiation is the only environmental factor found to have any significant association with GBM. Several genetic alterations associated with GBM in adults have been well documented such as epidermal growth factor receptor amplification, overexpression of mouse double minute 2 homolog also known as E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase, Phosphatase and tensin homolog gene mutation, loss of heterozygosity of chromosome 10p and isocitrate dehydrogenase-1 mutation...
July 3, 2017: Rare Tumors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970246/u-s-vaccine-and-immune-globulin-product-shortages-2001-15
#19
Victoria C Ziesenitz, Maryann Mazer-Amirshahi, Mark S Zocchi, Erin R Fox, Larissa S May
PURPOSE: Trends in shortages of vaccines and immune globulin products from 2001 through 2015 in the United States are described. METHODS: Drug shortage data from January 2001 through December 2015 were obtained from the University of Utah Drug Information Service. Shortage data for vaccines and immune globulins were analyzed, focusing on the type of product, reason for shortage, shortage duration, shortages requiring vaccine deferral, and whether the drug was a single-source product...
October 2, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967524/vaccination-strategies-in-pediatric-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#20
REVIEW
Valeria Dipasquale, Claudio Romano
The incidence of pediatric inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is rising, as is the use of immunomodulatory and biological drugs. IBD patients are vulnerable to infections owing to disease-related immunological alterations and drug-induced systemic immunosuppression. Although many infections are vaccine-preventable, vaccination coverage in IBD patients is insufficient. Current guidelines recommend that children with IBD follow the same routine immunization schedule as healthy children, avoiding live vaccines during immunosuppressive therapy...
October 27, 2017: Vaccine
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