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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673722/density-spectral-array-of-bis-vista%C3%A2-monitoring-system-in-a-functional-hemispherectomy
#1
C Luis, E Vilà, L Moltó, A Pardo, J L Fernández Candila, S Pacreu
We present the case of an adult patient with drug-resistant epilepsy caused by extensive inflammation in the right cerebral hemisphere. She was scheduled to undergo right functional hemispherectomy, which is common in pediatric surgery, but about which few studies have been published with respect to adult patients. During the intraoperative period, the density spectral array of the bilateral bispectral index (BIS) VISTATM monitoring system was used. We observed a power increase in low frequency (0.1-4Hz) and alpha bands (8-12Hz) in the right hemisphere, where the epileptogenic focus was...
April 16, 2018: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671067/vaccinations-in-pediatric-kidney-transplant-recipients
#2
REVIEW
Thomas G Fox, Corina Nailescu
Pediatric kidney transplant (KT) candidates should be fully immunized according to routine childhood schedules using age-appropriate guidelines. Unfortunately, vaccination rates in KT candidates remain suboptimal. With the exception of influenza vaccine, vaccination after transplantation should be delayed 3-6 months to maximize immunogenicity. While most vaccinations in the KT recipient are administered by primary care physicians, there are specific schedule alterations in the cases of influenza, hepatitis B, pneumococcal, and meningococcal vaccinations; consequently, these vaccines are usually administered by transplant physicians...
April 18, 2018: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668816/compliance-with-the-vaccination-schedule-in-children-hospitalized-with-pneumonia-and-associated-factors
#3
Amanda Tabosa Pereira da Silva, Eduardo Jorge da Fonseca Lima, Maria de Fátima Costa Caminha, Andresa Tabosa Pereira da Silva, Edil de Albuquerque Rodrigues Filho, Carmina Silva Dos Santos
OBJECTIVE: To verify the adequacy and factors associated with compliance with the immunization schedule (BCG, DTP-Hib, MMR, PCV-10) in children hospitalized with pneumonia at a pediatric referral hospital in Northeast Brazil. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional, descriptive study with an analytical component, with a sample of 452 children hospitalized with pneumonia at the Instituto de Medicina Integral Prof. Fernando Figueira, between 2010 and 2013. The inclusion criterion was children aged from one month to less than five years of age with proof in the immunization record...
2018: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668078/adherence-and-immune-response-to-revaccination-following-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-at-a-pediatric-onco-hematology-reference-center
#4
Fernanda Gouveia-Alves, Roseane Gouveia, Valéria C Ginani, Adriana Seber, Danielle A Kuramoto, Gabriel F A Murad, Fernanda G Spina, Antonio S Petrilli, Victor G Zecchin, Celso Granato, Fabianne Carlesse, M Isabel de Moraes-Pinto
BACKGROUND: Revaccination after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is necessary to compensate for the loss of immunological memory. The aims of this study were to evaluate the adherence to revaccination schedule and the humoral immune response to different vaccine antigens in HSCT pediatric and young adult patients. METHODS: Patients submitted to HSCT for over 3 years were recruited. After written informed consent, a questionnaire was filled in, the vaccination card was analyzed, a blood sample was collected and tested by ELISA for diphtheria, Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib), hepatitis A, hepatitis B, tetanus, measles, rubella and varicella antibodies...
April 18, 2018: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667720/mycophenolate-mofetil-administered-every-8-hours-in-combination-with-tacrolimus-is-efficacious-in-the-prophylaxis-of-acute-graft-versus-host-disease-in-childhood-adolescent-and-young-adult-allogeneic-stem-cell-transplantation-recipients
#5
Olga Militano, Mehmet F Ozkaynak, Brinda Mehta, Carmella van deVen, Carl Hamby, Mitchell S Cairo
BACKGROUND: The optimal dose and schedule of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) in pediatric allogeneic stem cell transplant recipients remains to be determined. We previously reported safety and pharmacokinetics of MMF at 900 mg/m2 q6h dosing. This study was conducted to investigate the efficacy of tacrolimus plus q8h MMF dosing for acute graft versus host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis in a heterogeneous population of children, adolescent, young adult allogeneic stem cell transplant recipients, utilizing multiple allogeneic donor sources...
April 18, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649292/special-immunization-service-a-14-year-experience-in-italy
#6
Daniele Donà, Susanna Masiero, Sara Brisotto, Lorena Gottardello, Rebecca Lundin, Eleonora Borgia, Federica Visentin, Liviana Da Dalt
BACKGROUND: Concerns regarding vaccine safety are increasing along with lack of compliance to vaccination schedules. This study aimed to assess vaccination-related risks and the impact of a Special Immunization Service (SIS) at the Pediatric Emergency Department (PED) of Padua on vaccination compliance among participants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included all children attending the SIS from January 1st 2002 to December 31st 2015. The Service is divided into a clinic (SIS-C) where all referred children undergo a pre-vaccination visit and an area within the Pediatric Emergency Department (SIS-PED) where children are vaccinated if indicated...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628697/seasonal-variation-in-orthopedic-trauma-patients-an-experience-from-central-india
#7
Rajeev Shukla, Nikhil Jain, Utkarsh Agarwal, Tanveer Sheikh, Ravikant Jain
Objectives: This study aims to determine the various epidemiological factors responsible for orthopedic trauma cases: how do weather patterns, month, season and public working schedule influence the daily frequency of orthopedic trauma. Material and methods: This was a descriptive study performed in the Department of Orthopedics at a tertiary care centre in central India Participants: 7980 trauma cases reported in our study period. Study variables: Demographic characteristics of the cases, time, day, the month of injury and type of trauma and cause of trauma...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622697/fda-approval-summary-tocilizumab-for-treatment-of-chimeric-antigen-receptor-t-cell-induced-severe-or-life-threatening-cytokine-release-syndrome
#8
Robert Q Le, Liang Li, Weishi Yuan, Stacy S Shord, Lei Nie, Bahru A Habtemariam, Donna Przepiorka, Ann T Farrell, Richard Pazdur
On August 30, 2017, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved Actemra (tocilizumab, Genentech, Inc., South San Francisco, CA) for the treatment of severe or life-threatening chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cell-induced cytokine release syndrome (CRS) in adults and in pediatric patients 2 years of age and older. The approval was based on a retrospective analysis of data for patients who developed CRS after treatment with CTL019 and KTE-C19 on prospective clinical trials. Evaluable patients had been treated with intravenous tocilizumab 8 mg/kg (12 mg/kg for patients <30 kg) for severe or life-threatening CRS; only the first episode of CRS was included in the analysis...
April 5, 2018: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606654/self-directed-digital-learning-when-do-dental-students-study
#9
Tate H Jackson, James Zhong, Ceib Phillips, Lorne D Koroluk
The Growth and Development (G&D) curriculum at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Dentistry uses self-directed web-based learning modules in the place of lectures and includes scheduled self-study times during the 8 am-5 pm school hours. The aim of this study was to use direct observation to evaluate dental students' access patterns with the self-directed, web-based learning modules in relation to planned self-study time allocated across the curriculum, proximity to course examinations, and course performance...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603591/phase-i-study-of-vorinostat-in-combination-with-isotretinoin-in-patients-with-refractory-recurrent-neuroblastoma-a-new-approaches-to-neuroblastoma-therapy-nant-trial
#10
Navin Pinto, Steven G DuBois, Araz Marachelian, Scott J Diede, Agne Taraseviciute, Julia L Glade Bender, Denice Tsao-Wei, Susan G Groshen, Joel M Reid, Daphne A Haas-Kogan, C Patrick Reynolds, Min H Kang, Meredith S Irwin, Margaret E Macy, Judith G Villablanca, Katherine K Matthay, Julie R Park
BACKGROUND: Vorinostat combined with retinoids produces additive antitumor effects in preclinical studies of neuroblastoma. Higher systemic exposures of vorinostat than achieved in pediatric phase I trials with continuous daily dosing are necessary for in vivo increased histone acetylation and cytotoxic activity. We conducted a phase I trial in children with relapsed/refractory neuroblastoma to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of vorinostat on an interrupted schedule, escalating beyond the previously identified pediatric MTD...
March 30, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601455/successful-treatment-of-a-south-african-pediatric-case-of-acute-liver-failure-caused-by-perinatal-transmission-of-hepatitis-b
#11
Nafiisah Chotun, Silvia Strobele, Tongai Gibson Maponga, Monique Ingrid Andersson, Nel Etienne De La Ray
We report on the successful treatment of a South African infant with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-induced acute liver failure using lamivudine with no evidence of clinical resistance. Perinatal HBV transmission occurred despite timely HBV vaccination at 6, 10, and 14 weeks, as per South African vaccination schedule, highlighting the need to introduce the birth-dose HBV vaccine in South Africa.
March 27, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592818/social-support-needs-among-adolescents-living-with-hiv-in-transition-from-pediatric-to-adult-care-in-cambodia-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Graham Toth, Gitau Mburu, Sovannary Tuot, Vohith Khol, Chanrith Ngin, Pheak Chhoun, Siyan Yi
BACKGROUND: Understanding the circumstances of adolescents living with HIV is critical in designing adolescent-friendly services that will facilitate successful transition from pediatric to adult care. This study describes access, utilization and ongoing social support needs among adolescents living with HIV aged 15-17 in transition from pediatric to adult HIV care in Cambodia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 328 adolescents, randomly selected from 11 antiretroviral therapy (ART) clinics across the country...
March 28, 2018: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588860/technology-based-functional-assessment-in-early-childhood-intervention-a-pilot-study
#13
Mary A Khetani, Beth M McManus, Kristen Arestad, Zachary Richardson, Renee Charlifue-Smith, Cordelia Rosenberg, Briana Rigau
Background: Electronic patient-reported outcomes (e-PROs) may provide valid and feasible options for obtaining family input on their child's functioning for care planning and outcome monitoring, but they have not been adopted into early intervention (EI). The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the feasibility of implementing technology-based functional assessment into EI practice and to examine child, family, service, and environmental correlates of caregiver-reported child functioning in the home...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587128/direct-analysis-of-pathogenic-structures-affixed-to-the-tympanic-membrane-during-chronic-otitis-media
#14
Guillermo L Monroy, Wenzhou Hong, Pawjai Khampang, Ryan G Porter, Michael A Novak, Darold R Spillman, Ronit Barkalifa, Eric J Chaney, Joseph E Kerschner, Stephen A Boppart
Objective To characterize otitis media-associated structures affixed to the mucosal surface of the tympanic membrane (TM) in vivo and in surgically recovered in vitro samples. Study Design Prospective case series without comparison. Setting Outpatient surgical care center. Subjects and Methods Forty pediatric subjects scheduled for tympanostomy tube placement surgery were imaged intraoperatively under general anesthesia. Postmyringotomy, a portable optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging system assessed for the presence of any biofilm affixed to the mucosal surface of the TM...
March 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571807/cumulative-effective-dose-and-cancer-risk-for-pediatric-population-in-repetitive-full-spine-follow-up-imaging-how-micro-dose-is-the-eos-microdose-protocol
#15
Martin Law, Wang-Kei Ma, Damian Lau, Kenneth Cheung, Janice Ip, Lawrance Yip, Wendy Lam
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and to obtain analytic formulation for the calculation of the effective dose and associated cancer risk using the EOS microdose protocol for scoliotic pediatric patients undergoing full spine imaging at different age of exposure; to demonstrate the microdose protocol capable of delivering lesser radiation dose and hence of further reducing cancer risk induction when compared with the EOS low dose protocol; to obtain cumulative effective dose and cancer risk for both genders scoliotic pediatrics of US and Hong Kong population using the microdose protocol...
April 2018: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557601/sedation-and-analgesia-in-patients-on-mechanical-ventilation-in-pediatric-intensive-care-units-in-argentina
#16
Pedro Taffarel, German Bonetto, Facundo Jorro Barón, Claudia Meregalli
INTRODUCTION: Children in pediatric intensive care units (PICUs) are exposed to experiencing pain, stress and anxiety due to their disease, treatment or care setting. Adequate sedation and analgesia are key to their care, particularly in patients requiring mechanical ventilation (MV). OBJECTIVE: To determine the usual practice in sedation and analgesia management in patients requiring MV in PICUs in Argentina. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Descriptive, crosssectional, multi-center study conducted by means of e-mailed surveys...
April 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557497/immunogenicity-of-the-meningococcal-polysaccharide-conjugate-vaccine-in-pediatric-kidney-transplant-patients
#17
Delphine R Nelson, Jeffrey Fadrowski, Alicia Neu
BACKGROUND: Immunosuppressed kidney transplant patients may have suboptimal response to vaccinations. The aim of this study was to determine antibody response to a quadrivalent meningococcal conjugate vaccine (MenACWY-D) in adolescents with a kidney transplant. METHODS: This was a prospective, single-center, cohort study. Adolescent patients (11-22 years old) with a functioning kidney transplant for at least 3 months and no previous meningococcal vaccination were eligible for enrollment...
March 20, 2018: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556765/diagnostic-efficiency-of-the-cbcl-thought-problems-and-dsm-oriented-psychotic-symptoms-scales-for-pediatric-psychotic-symptoms
#18
Stephanie Salcedo, Sabeen H Rizvi, Lindsey K Freeman, Jennifer K Youngstrom, Robert L Findling, Eric A Youngstrom
We compared the diagnostic efficiency of the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) Thought Problems subscale and the rationally derived DSM-oriented psychotic symptoms scale (DOPSS) to identify clinically concerning psychosis in a multi-site sample of youths seeking outpatient mental health services (N = 694). We operationally defined clinically concerning psychosis as the presence of clinically significant hallucinations or delusions, assessed by the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia psychosis items...
March 20, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550037/health-literacy-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-anorectal-malformations-a-comparison-between-a-charity-hospital-in-honduras-and-a-tertiary-care-center-in-the-united-states
#19
Alexander J M Dingemans, Wilfried Krois, Juan Craniotis Rios, Richard J Wood, Marc A Levitt, Carlos A Reck-Burneo
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: We conduct an annual medical mission to Hospital Ruth Paz para Niños Quemados y Cirugía Pediátrica in Honduras to operate on cases of anorectal malformations (ARM). To improve our knowledge of these patients, we compared their health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and the health literacy of their caregivers from this hospital and ours in the United States. METHODS: The BRIEF Health Literacy Screen (BHLS) and Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 4...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548354/preoperative-anesthesia-evaluation
#20
Joseph D Tobias
The preoperative evaluation is the first step in ensuring the safe conduct of anesthetic care in pediatric patients of all ages. Over time, this process has changed significantly from a time when patients were admitted to the hospital the night before surgery to a time when the majority of patients, including those scheduled for major surgical procedures, arrive the day of surgery. For most patients, the preoperative examiantion can be conducted over the phone by a trained nurse or on-line via a survey thereby eliminating the need for a separate visit merely for the preoperative evaluation...
April 2018: Seminars in Pediatric Surgery
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