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spine rehabilitation pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200654/scoliosis-deformity-reduction-in-adults-a-cbp%C3%A2-mirror-image%C3%A2-case-series-incorporating-the-non-commutative-property-of-finite-rotation-angles-under-addition-in-five-patients-with-lumbar-and-thoraco-lumbar-scoliosis
#1
Deed E Harrison, Paul A Oakley
[Purpose] This case series presents the unique application of the non-commutative property of finite rotation angles under addition to the CBP® mirror image® treatment protocol for adult lumbar and thoraco-lumbar scoliosis. [Subjects and Methods] Five adult patients having lumbar/thoraco-lumbar scoliosis and back pain, and having at least two prominent thoracic postural abnormalities according to Harrison's rotations and translations of thoracic postures were included. After initial assessment, mirror-image stress x-rays were taken...
November 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189304/interventional-pain-procedures-in-physical-medicine-and-rehabilitation-residencies
#2
Sanjeev Agarwal, Caitlin Cicone, Philip Chang
Exposure to interventional pain procedures is now a required component of training in physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R) residencies as mandated by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME). Data regarding resident exposure and competency in these procedures remains limited. Objectives were to determine the volume and type of exposure PM&R residents have to interventional pain procedures and to obtain faculty-perceived opinions regarding competency of incoming fellows as it pertains to interventional pain management...
November 20, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143126/-spinal-orthoses-in-the-treatment-of-vertebral-fractures-with-osteoporosis-a-systematic-review-article
#3
REVIEW
M Pfeifer, M Gehlen, C Hinz
This literature search concerning the potential role of spinal orthoses for rehabilitation and treatment of atraumatic vertebral fractures between Th4 and L5 with osteoporosis and without any evidence for a secondary cause, provided no evidence for the benefits of traditional rigid thoracolumbar corsets, which only had a poor compliance. In addition, there are indications that these rigid corsets may even worsen the disease condition especially in the long-term. Wearing these corsets can result in further loss of muscle mass and strength followed by loss of bone and bone mass...
November 15, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097953/a-young-female-athlete-with-acute-low-back-pain-caused-by-stage-iv-breast-cancer
#4
Evan A Kahn
Objective: The purpose of this case report is to describe the case of a young female athlete with low back pain caused by metastatic breast cancer. Clinical Features: A 27-year-old woman presented with low back pain after striking a ball during kickball 3 days earlier. Because of the mechanism of injury and onset, the patient was originally diagnosed with a lumbar spine sprain/strain. Intervention/Outcome: After radiographs were obtained and were read as unremarkable, a 2-week trial of care was initiated that included soft-tissue mobilizations, anti-inflammatory medications from her primary care physician, and therapeutic rehabilitation exercises...
September 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095302/spontaneous-spinal-epidural-hematomas-one-case-report-and-rehabilitation-outcome
#5
Hang Xian, Li-Wei Xu, Cong-Han Li, Jian-Ming Hao, Wei-Xia Wan, Guo-Dong Feng, Ke-Jian Lian, Lin Li
RATIONALE: Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma (SSEH) is a relatively rare but potentially disabling disease, and the classical presentation of it includes an acute onset of severe, sometimes radiating back or neck pain, followed by signs and symptoms of rapidly evolving nerve root or spinal cord compression. PATIENT CONCERNS: Here, we report a 26-year-old female patient presented with weakness in bilateral lower extremities, progressing to intense paraplegia and anesthesia without recent medical history of trauma, infection, surgery, or drug use...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052033/a-random-perturbation-therapy-in-chronic-non-specific-low-back-pain-patients-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Adamantios Arampatzis, Arno Schroll, Maria Moreno Catalá, Gunnar Laube, Sabine Schüler, Karsten Dreinhofer
The purpose of the study was to assess the effectiveness of a specific rehabilitation therapy for chronic non-specific low-back pain patients, based on a random/irregular functional perturbation training induced by force disturbances to the spine. Forty patients (20 controls and 20 in the perturbation-based group) finished the whole experimental design. A random-perturbation exercise, which included variable and unpredictable disturbances, was implemented in the therapy of the perturbation-based group (13 weeks, two times per week and 1...
December 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019641/spine-conditions-lumbar-spinal-stenosis
#7
Steven D Trigg, Zachary Devilbiss
Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is a frequent cause of chronic low back and lower extremity pain in older patients. Symptomatic LSS typically is described as neurogenic claudication consisting of pain, weakness, numbness, and/or fatigue arising in the back and radiating into the buttock, thigh, or lower leg. The diagnosis is complicated by lack of reliable clinical or x-ray criteria. North American Spine Society guidelines recommend magnetic resonance imaging study without contrast to confirm anatomic narrowing of the spinal canal or nerve root impingement...
October 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980075/reliability-of-the-kinematic-steadiness-index-during-one-leg-standing-in-subjects-with-recurrent-low-back-pain
#8
Paul S Sung, Pamela Danial, Dongchul C Lee
PURPOSE: To assess the reliability of standing time and the Kinematic Steadiness Index (KSI) in one-leg standing compared with the Timed Up and Go (TUG) test while considering anthropometric factors in subjects with recurrent low back pain (LBP). METHODS: Sixty-six individuals participated in the study. The data were collected on two different days, 1 week apart. The KSI of the core spine, using video motion-capture techniques, was based on the relative standing time and relative standstill time...
October 4, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952872/kinematics-of-the-spine-during-sit-to-stand-using-motion-analysis-systems-a-systematic-review-of-literature
#9
Mohammad Reza Pourahmadi, Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani, Shapour Jaberzadeh, Javad Sarrafzadeh, Mohammad Ali Sanjari, Rasool Bagheri, Morteza Taghipour
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Clinical evaluation of the spine is commonplace in musculoskeletal therapies such as physiotherapy, physical medicine/rehabilitation, osteopathic, and chiropractic clinics. Sit-to-stand (STS) is one of the most mechanically demanding of daily activities and crucial to independence. Difficulty or inability to perform STS is common in individuals with a variety of motor disabilities such as low back pain. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate available evidence in literature to determine 2D and 3D kinematics of the spine during STS in patients with LBP and healthy young adult participants using motion analysis systems (electromagnetic and marker based)...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926470/acceptability-and-practicality-of-the-turkish-translation-of-pediatric-gait-arm-legs-and-spine-in-turkish-children
#10
Ezgi Deniz Batu, Özge Keniş Coşkun, Hafize Emine Sönmez, Duygu Karali, Elif Arslanoğlu Aydin, Yelda Bilginer, Evrim Karadağ Saygi, Seza Özen
BACKGROUND: The pediatric Gait, Arms, Leg, and Spine (pGALS) is a practical questionnaire for musculoskeletal (MSK) system evaluation in school-age children. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the acceptability/practicality of pGALS Turkish translation in Turkey (cross-sectional study). METHODS: The Turkish translation of pGALS was administered to children (4-18 years) who attended to the Pediatric Emergency Department of Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey, and the outpatient clinic of the Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Department of Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey, during 1 month in 2016...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922049/magnitudes-of-muscle-activation-of-spine-stabilizers-in-healthy-adults-during-prone-on-elbow-planking-exercises-with-and-without-a-fitness-ball
#11
James W Youdas, Kendra C Coleman, Erin E Holstad, Stephanie D Long, Nicole L Veldkamp, John H Hollman
Prone planking exercises have been used by rehabilitation professionals to activate torso muscles in healthy persons and those with low back pain. The aim of this study was to compare the magnitude of electromyographic (EMG) muscle activation from 10 right-sided muscles as demonstrated by the percentage of maximum voluntary isometric contraction (%MVIC) during four planking procedures. Surface EMG activity was acquired from the following muscles: (1) iliocostalis lumborum (IL), (2) longissimus thoracis (LT), (3) lumbar multifidus (LM), (4) rectus abdominis (RA), (5) external oblique (EO), (6) internal oblique (IO), (7) serratus anterior (SA), (8) latissimus dorsi (LD), (9) hamstrings (HS), and (10) gluteus maximus (GM)...
September 18, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890435/pain-control-in-thoracic-oncology
#12
Christine Peeters-Asdourian, Gilbert Massard, Paragi H Rana, Paul Van Houtte, Andrew P White, Bogdan Grigoriu, Dominique Lossignol, Mohammed Almalki, Jean Alexiou, Jean-Luc Engelholm, Jean-Paul Sculier
This review of pain management in lung cancer is based on the presentation of four cases of thoracic oncology patients with pain at various stages of their disease. The approach will be multidisciplinary, involving a thoracic oncologist, radiologist, thoracic and orthopaedic spine surgeon, radiation therapist, pain medicine specialist, and palliative care specialist. This multispecialty approach to the management of different painful presentations in thoracic oncology will demonstrate the complexity of each case and the improved patient outcomes which result from the involvement of different disciplines working in concert...
September 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878486/treating-slouchy-hyperkyphosis-posture-with-chiropractic-biophysics-%C3%A2-a-case-report-utilizing-a-multimodal-mirror-image-%C3%A2-rehabilitation-program
#13
Miles O Fortner, Paul A Oakley, Deed E Harrison
[Purpose] To present a case of the non-surgical reduction of 'slouchy' hyperkyphosis posture utilizing the multimodal Chiropractic BioPhysics(®) rehabilitation program emphasizing the mirror image(®) concept. [Subject and Methods] A 27-year-old female presented suffering from neck and back pains, headaches and gait dysfunction. The patient was treated 30 times over a period of 6-months. Treatment consisted of anterior thoracic translation, thoracic extension, and head retraction exercises as well as spinal traction and spinal manipulation...
August 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878485/non-surgical-relief-of-cervical-radiculopathy-through-reduction-of-forward-head-posture-and-restoration-of-cervical-lordosis-a-case-report
#14
Bret M Wickstrom, Paul A Oakley, Deed E Harrison
[Purpose] To present a case demonstrating the relief of cervical radiculopathy following the dramatic reduction of forward head posture and restoration of the cervical lordosis by use of a multi-modal rehabilitation program incorporating cervical extension traction. [Subject and Methods] A 31-year-old male patient presented with severe cervical radiculopathy and muscle weakness as well as neck pain. The patient had limited neck range of motion, and multiple positive orthopedic tests. Radiography revealed excessive forward head posture with a cervical kyphosis...
August 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858108/effect-of-bone-mineral-density-on-lumbar-discs-in-young-adults-a-case-control-study
#15
Nese Keser, Arzu Atici, Erhan Celikoglu, Pinar Akpinar, Ali F Ramazanoglu, İlknur Aktas
Bone mineral density (BMD) might be a risk factor for lumbar disc herniation (LDH) in young adults, but there is not enough data concerning this effect. Several studies have been performed on elderly and osteoporotic patients. Thus, we aimed to investigate the effect of BMD on the etiopathogenesis of LDH in young adults.One hundred patients (mean age: 38.45 ± 8.92 years; 50 men and 50 women) were enrolled this case-control study and classified into 2 groups, as follows. The case group (G-I) included 50 patients with symptomatic LDH who were hospitalized in the Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinic, and the control group (G-II) included 50 patients with lower back pain but no finding of LDH detected using magnetic resonance imaging...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809870/-case-report-iatrogenic-shoulder-pain-syndrome-following-spinal-accessory-nerve-injury-during-lateral-cervical-neck-dissection-for-tongue-cancer-the-role-of-rehabilitation-and-ethical-deontological-issues
#16
Gianpaolo Ronconi, Antonio Gioacchino Spagnolo, Giorgio Ferriero, Silvia Giovannini, Eugenia Amabile, Giulio Maccauro, Paola Emilia Ferrara
The shoulder pain syndrome is the most frequent complication of lateral cervical neck dissection and may be caused by iatrogenic injury to the spinal accessory nerve, causing pain and functional limitation of the upper limb and of the cervical spine. Interdisciplinary collaboration and early rehabilitation can reduce the consequences of disability and the possible issues that can arise due to inadequate management of the problem.
May 2017: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767002/employment-status-five-years-after-a-randomised-controlled-trial-comparing-multidisciplinary-and-brief-intervention-in-employees-on-sick-leave-due-to-low-back-pain
#17
Pernille Pedersen, Claus Vinther Nielsen, Ole Kudsk Jensen, Chris Jensen, Merete Labriola
AIMS: To evaluate differences in employment status, during a five-year follow-up period in patients on sick leave due to low back pain who had participated in a trial comparing a brief and a multidisciplinary intervention. METHODS: From 2004 to 2008, 535 patients were referred to the Spine Centre at the Regional Hospital in Silkeborg if they had been on sick leave for 3-16 weeks due to low back pain. All patients underwent a clinical examination by a rehabilitation physician and a physiotherapist, and were randomised to either the brief intervention or the multidisciplinary intervention...
August 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764702/characterisation-of-the-correlation-between-standing-lordosis-and-degenerative-joint-disease-in-the-lower-lumbar-spine-in-women-and-men-a-radiographic-study
#18
Kelvin J Murray, Michael R Le Grande, Arantxa Ortega de Mues, Michael F Azari
BACKGROUND: Degenerative joint disease (DJD) in the lumbar spine is a common condition that is associated with chronic low back pain. Excessive loading of lumbar joints is a risk factor for DJD. Changes in lumbar lordosis significantly redistribute the forces of weight-bearing on the facet joints and the intervertebral discs. However, the relationship between lumbar lordosis and DJD has not been characterized in men and women. METHODS: We characterised the correlation between standing lumbar lordosis and DJD in standing radiographic images from 301 adult female and male chiropractic patients...
August 1, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744061/reversing-thoracic-hyperkyphosis-a-case-report-featuring-mirror-image-%C3%A2-thoracic-extension-rehabilitation
#19
Jason E Miller, Paul A Oakley, Scott B Levin, Deed E Harrison
[Purpose] To present a case of non-surgical reduction of thoracic hyperkyphosis utilizing a multimodal rehabilitation program emphasizing the mirror image(®) concept. [Subject and Methods] A 15-year-old female presented to a rehabilitation office suffering from back and neck pains and headaches. The patient was treated sporadically over a period of 13-months. Treatment consisted of anterior thoracic translation and thoracic extension exercises, spinal traction and spinal manipulation. [Results] After 13-months of treatment the patient displayed a significant reduction in hyperkyphosis and a dramatic correction of her overall posture and spine alignment corresponding to the reduction in back/neck pains, headaches and the simultaneous improvement of various other health issues...
July 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723757/comprehensive-comparing-percutaneous-endoscopic-lumbar-discectomy-with-posterior-lumbar-internal-fixation-for-treatment-of-adjacent-segment-lumbar-disc-prolapse-with-stable-retrolisthesis-a-retrospective-case-control-study
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Yapeng Sun, Wei Zhang, Suhui Qie, Nan Zhang, Wenyuan Ding, Yong Shen
The study was to comprehensively compare the postoperative outcome and imaging parameter characters in a short/middle period between the percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy (PELD) and the internal fixation of bone graft fusion (the most common form is posterior lumbar interbody fusion [PLIF]) for the treatment of adjacent segment lumbar disc prolapse with stable retrolisthesis after a previous lumbar internal fixation surgery.In this retrospective case-control study, we collected the medical records from 11 patients who received PELD operation (defined as PELD group) for and from 13 patients who received the internal fixation of bone graft fusion of lumbar posterior vertebral lamina decompression (defined as control group) for the treatment of the lumbar disc prolapse combined with stable retrolisthesis at Department of Spine Surgery, the Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University (Shijiazhuang, China) from May 2010 to December 2015...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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