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spine rehabilitation pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912991/malignant-spinal-cord-compression-adapting-conventional-rehabilitation-approaches
#1
REVIEW
Lisa Marie Ruppert
Spinal tumors are classically grouped into 3 categories: extradural, intradural extramedullary, and intradural intramedullary. Spinal tumors may cause spinal cord compression and vascular compromise resulting in pain or neurologic compromise. They may also alter the architecture of the spinal column, resulting in spinal instability. Oncologic management of spinal tumors varies according to the stability of the spine, neurologic status, and presence of pain. Treatment options include surgical intervention, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and hormonal manipulation...
February 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891243/a-comprehensive-musculoskeletal-and-peripheral-nervous-system-assessment-of-war-related-bilateral-upper-extremity-amputees
#2
Mostafa Allami, Batool Mousavi, Mehdi Masoumi, Ehsan Modirian, Hadi Shojaei, Fatemeh Mirsalimi, Maryam Hosseini, Pirouz Pirouzi
BACKGROUND: Upper limb amputations are one of the unpleasant war injuries that armed forces are exposed to frequently. The present study aimed to assess the musculoskeletal and peripheral nervous systems in Iraq-Iran war veterans with bilateral upper extremity amputation. METHODS: The study consisted of taking a history and clinical examinations including demographic data, presence and location of pain, level of amputation, passive and active ranges of movement of the joints across the upper and lower extremities and spine, manual palpation, neurological examination, blood circulation pulses and issues related to a prosthetic limb...
2016: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870804/the-effects-of-low-load-motor-control-exercises-and-a-high-load-lifting-exercise-on-lumbar-multifidus-thickness-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Lars Berglund, Björn Aasa, Peter Michaelson, Ulrika Aasa
STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial OBJECTIVE.: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of low-load motor control exercises and a high-load lifting exercise, on lumbar multifidus (LM) thickness on either side of the spine and whether the effects are affected by pain intensity or change in pain intensity, among patients with nociceptive mechanical LBP. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There is evidence that patients with low back pain may have a decreased size of the (LM) muscles with an asymmetry between sides in the lower back...
November 18, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816390/biomechanical-analysis-of-combining-head-down-tilt-traction-with-vibration-for-different-grades-of-degeneration-of-the-lumbar-spine
#4
Sicong Wang, Lizhen Wang, Yawei Wang, Chengfei Du, Ming Zhang, Yubo Fan
In recent years, a combination of traction and vibration therapy is usually used to alleviate low back pain (LBP) in clinical settings. Combining head-down tilt (HDT) traction with vibration was demonstrated to be efficacious for LBP patients in our previous study. However, the biomechanics of the lumbar spine during this combined treatment is not well known and need quantitative analysis. In addition, LBP patients have different grades of degeneration of the lumbar spinal structure, which are often age related...
November 2, 2016: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813685/physical-activity-and-intermittent-postconcussion-symptoms-after-a-period-of-symptom-limited-physical-and-cognitive-rest
#5
Quinton Sawyer, Brian Vesci, Tamara C Valovich McLeod
: Reference: Schneider KJ, Iverson GL, Emery CA, McCrory P, Herring SA, Meeuwisse WH. The effects of rest and treatment following sport-related concussion: a systematic review of the literature. Br J Sports Med. 2013;47(5):304-307. CLINICAL QUESTION: After concussion and a period of symptom-limited physical and cognitive rest, do athletes who experience intermittent symptoms return to asymptomatic condition more quickly with physical activity than with prolonged physical rest? DATA SOURCES: One investigator performed an individual search for each research question using the following databases: CINAHL, Cochrane Controlled Trials Registers, EMBASE, HealthSTAR, ProQuest, PsychInfo, PubMed, SPORTDiscus, and Web of Science...
September 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795545/a-symptomatic-case-of-thoracic-vertebral-hemangioma-causing-lower-limb-spastic-paresis
#6
Mohammad Alfawareh, Tariq Alotaibi, Abdallah Labeeb, Ziad Audat
BACKGROUND Despite being the most common tumor of the spine, vertebral hemangioma is rarely symptomatic in adults. In fact, only 0.9-1.2% of all vertebral hemangiomas may be symptomatic. When hemangiomas occur in the thoracic vertebrae, they are more likely to be symptomatic due to the narrow vertebral canal dimensions that mandate more aggressive management prior to the onset of severe neurological sequelae. CASE REPORT An 18-year-old male presented to the emergency room with a one-month history of mild to moderate mid-thoracic back pain, radiating to both lower limbs...
October 31, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784233/physiotherapy-for-ankylosing-spondylitis-systematic-review-and-a-proposed-rehabilitation-protocol
#7
Deepak Sharan, Joshua Samuel Rajkumar
Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory disease of insidious onset, mostly affecting the axial skeleton. It leads to varying degrees of restricted spinal mobility, pain and loss of functional capacity. Rehabilitation, especially Physiotherapy and exercises, are considered integral components of its management. Various rehabilitation modalities are available for the benefit of individuals with AS, but a sequenced protocol has not been reported. A scientific review was performed using the following search engines: MEDLINE (Pubmed), COCHRANE Library and Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro)...
October 25, 2016: Current Rheumatology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709870/avoiding-errors-in-the-management-of-pediatric-polytrauma-patients
#8
Kenneth Chin, Joshua M Abzug, Donald S Bae, Bernard D Horn, Martin Herman, Craig P Eberson
Management of pediatric polytrauma patients is one of the most difficult challenges for orthopaedic surgeons. Multisystem injuries frequently include complex orthopaedic surgical problems that require intervention. The physiology and anatomy of children and adolescent trauma patients differ from the physiology and anatomy of an adult trauma patient, which alters the types of injuries sustained and the ideal methods for management. Errors of pediatric polytrauma care are included in two broad categories: missed injuries and inadequate fracture treatment...
February 15, 2016: Instructional Course Lectures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677038/correlation-between-vo2max-and-isokinetic-parameters-spine-before-and-after-functional-restoration-program-in-chronic-low-back-pain
#9
Julien Nardoux
OBJECTIVE: Chronic low-back pain is accompanied by physical deconditioning which result among other by lower VO2max and by disturbances isokinetic explorations. The objective of this study was to investigate whether there was a correlation between VO2max and isokinetic parameters spine before and after a functional restoration program (FRP). MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Uni-centric retrospective study in routine care. Isokinetic spine muscle strength evaluation and functional exercise exploration were performed before and after FRP for all hospitalized patients for 4 weeks to FRP...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677035/compare-of-efficiency-of-a-mini-frp-program-between-sedentary-workers-and-force-workers
#10
Clémence Coll, Elsa Mauruc, Célia Valser, Luce Condamine, Emilie Hutin, Yves Coulomb, Jean-Michel Gracies, Shahab Fardjad
OBJECTIVE: The efficacy of multidisciplinary functional restoration spine programs (FRP) has been demonstrated in terms of secondary prevention in chronic low-back pain (LBP), working lumbar spine reconditioning. Our LBP patients follow a FRP program, one day/week over 5 weeks, with self-rehabilitation the other days called "mini FRP". The objective of the study is to compare responses to a mini-FRP program, between two groups from a population of patients working with LBP: "Sedentary Workers (SW)" and "Force Workers (FW)"...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676974/botulinum-toxin-a-for-treatment-of-pisa-syndrome-towards-a-decision-making-algorithm
#11
Emilie Viollet, Arnaud Dupeyron, Corine Gagnard-Landra
OBJECTIVE: Pisa syndrome (PS) is a common abnormal posture of the trunk in Parkinson disease which is defined as a lateral flexion of the spine in the coronal plane and/or scoliosis. Few studies described focal treatment of dystonia of paraspinal muscles, with unpredictable results, while the participation of quadratus lumborum and external oblique homolateral seem to be interesting. The aim of this study is to estimate the effects of treatment by botulinum toxin of trunk muscles dystonia in PS...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606282/pudendal-nerve-entrapment-syndrome-due-to-a-ganglion-cyst-a-case-report
#12
Jae Wook Lee, Sung-Moon Lee, Dong Gyu Lee
Pudendal nerve entrapment syndrome is an unusual cause of chronic pelvic pain. We experienced a case of pudendal neuralgia associated with a ganglion cyst. A 60-year-old male patient with a tingling sensation and burning pain in the right buttock and perineal area visited our outpatient rehabilitation center. Pelvis magnetic resonance imaging showed the presence of multiple ganglion cysts around the right ischial spine and sacrospinous ligament, and the pudendal nerve and vessel bundle were located between the ischial spine and ganglion cyst at the entrance of Alcock's canal...
August 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27576192/addition-of-a-sagittal-cervical-posture-corrective-orthotic-device-to-a-multimodal-rehabilitation-program-improves-short-and-long-term-outcomes-in-patients-with-discogenic-cervical-radiculopathy
#13
Ibrahim M Moustafa, Aliaa A Diab, Shimaa Taha, Deed E Harrison
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the immediate and 1-year effects of a multimodal program, with cervical lordosis and anterior head translation (AHT) rehabilitation, on the intensity of pain, disability, and peripheral and central nervous system function in patients with discogenic cervical radiculopathy (CR). DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial with 1-year and 10-week follow-up. SETTING: University research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Patients (N=60; 27 men) with chronic discogenic CR, a defined hypolordotic cervical spine, and AHT posture were randomly assigned to a control group (n=30; mean age, 43...
December 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575013/the-effect-of-normalizing-the-sagittal-cervical-configuration-on-dizziness-neck-pain-and-cervicocephalic-kinesthetic-sensibility-a-1-year-randomized-controlled-study
#14
Ibrahim M Moustafa, Aliaa A Diab, Deed E Harrison
BACKGROUND: Cervicogenic dizziness is a disabling condition commonly associated with cervical dysfunction. Although the growing interest with the importance of normal sagittal configuration of cervical spine, the missing component in the management of cervicogenic dizziness might be altered structural alignment of the cervical spinal region itself. AIM: To investigate the immediate and long-term effects of a 1-year multimodal program, with the addition of cervical lordosis restoration and anterior head translation (AHT) correction, on the severity of dizziness, disability, cervicocephalic kinesthetic sensibility, and cervical pain in patients with cervicogenic dizziness...
August 30, 2016: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500769/-postoperative-applications-of-the-fast-track-technology-in-patients-with-herniated-intervertebral-discs-of-the-lumbosacral-spine
#15
A G Nazarenko, N A Konovalov, A V Krut'ko, T N Zamiro, I B Geroeva, R R Gubaidullin, N E Khoreva, A N Komarov, M A Stepanyan, M V Konstantinova, A M Kazachonok, R A Onoprienko, V A Korolishin, T N Kubynina, M A Martynova
TOPICALITY: The fast track technology means a complex of targeted measures involving rational preoperative preparation, minimally invasive surgery, regional anesthesia and short-acting anesthetics, and early postoperative rehabilitation. Elucidating the possibility of applying the fast track technology in neurosurgery, in particular in spinal surgery, is extremely topical. This is associated with the epidemiological data and the fact that minimally invasive techniques used in neurosurgery are highly expensive...
2016: Zhurnal Voprosy Neĭrokhirurgii Imeni N. N. Burdenko
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27426237/prevalence-of-knee-stiffness-after-arthroscopic-bone-suture-fixation-of-tibial-spine-avulsion-fractures-in-adults
#16
M Thaunat, N C Barbosa, R Gardon, S Tuteja, R Chatellard, J-M Fayard, B Sonnery-Cottet
BACKGROUND: Tibial spine avulsion fractures (TSAFs) occur chiefly in adolescents. Few published data are available on outcomes after arthroscopic surgical treatment of TSAFs in adults. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate outcomes of consecutive patients with TSAFs managed by arthroscopic bone suture followed by a standardised non-aggressive rehabilitation programme. HYPOTHESIS: Arthroscopic bone suture followed by non-aggressive rehabilitation therapy reliably produces satisfactory outcomes in adults with TSAF...
September 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27417610/a-systematic-review-of-the-effects-of-exercise-and-physical-activity-on-non-specific-chronic-low-back-pain
#17
REVIEW
Rebecca Gordon, Saul Bloxham
Back pain is a major health issue in Western countries and 60%-80% of adults are likely to experience low back pain. This paper explores the impact of back pain on society and the role of physical activity for treatment of non-specific low back pain. A review of the literature was carried out using the databases SPORTDiscuss, Medline and Google Scholar. A general exercise programme that combines muscular strength, flexibility and aerobic fitness is beneficial for rehabilitation of non-specific chronic low back pain...
April 25, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27417592/relationships-between-paraspinal-muscle-activity-and-lumbar-inter-vertebral-range-of-motion
#18
Alister du Rose, Alan Breen
Control of the lumbar spine requires contributions from both the active and passive sub-systems. Identifying interactions between these systems may provide insight into the mechanisms of low back pain. However, as a first step it is important to investigate what is normal. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships between the lumbar inter-vertebral range of motion and paraspinal muscle activity during weight-bearing flexion in healthy controls using quantitative fluoroscopy (QF) and surface electromyography (sEMG)...
2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27400960/prepare-pre-surgery-physiotherapy-for-patients-with-degenerative-lumbar-spine-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol
#19
Yvonne Lindbäck, Hans Tropp, Paul Enthoven, Allan Abbott, Birgitta Öberg
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines for the management of patients with specific low back pain pathology suggest non-surgical intervention as first-line treatment, but there is insufficient evidence to make recommendations of the content in the non-surgical intervention. Opinions regarding the dose of non-surgical intervention that should be trialled prior to decision making about surgery intervention vary. The aim of the present study is to investigate if physiotherapy administrated before surgery improves function, pain and health in patients with degenerative lumbar spine disorder scheduled for surgery...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27364320/spinal-epidural-abscess-with-a-rapid-course-in-young-healthy-infantry-recruits-with-multiple-skin-lacerations
#20
Asaf Honig, Omer Or, Yair Barzilay, Shifra Fraifeld, Yoav Y Pikkel, Ruth Eliahou, José E Cohen, Eyal Itshayek
In recent years, there has been high prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) infection among soldiers in the Israeli military, with devastating sequelae in several cases. Emergency department physicians have developed a high level of suspicion for spinal epidural abscess (SEA) in patients presenting known risk factors; however, SEA is a particularly elusive diagnosis in young healthy adults with no history of drug abuse. We review three cases of SEA secondary to methicillin-sensitive S. aureus (MSSA) infection in young healthy soldiers without known risk factors...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
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