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pemphigus vulgaris

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340948/a-case-of-concomitant-pemphigus-foliaceus-and-oral-pemphigus-vulgaris
#1
Alexandra C Perks, Paula M Farthing, Ruth Murphy, Anne M Hegarty
Pemphigus is a chronic autoimmune condition that can affect multiple areas of the body. The two main subtypes of pemphigus are pemphigus vulgaris (PV) and pemphigus foliaceus (PF) which can rarely occur concurrently or even transition from one to the other. The process of transition may be explained by qualitative changes in desmoglein autoantibody profile. We present a rare case of concomitant PF and oral PV and explore the literature on transitions between pemphigus subtypes and whether this case could represent a transition from PF to PV...
January 16, 2018: Head and Neck Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313939/location-of-oral-lesions-predicts-treatment-resistance-in-pemphigus-vulgaris
#2
H Yuan, M Pan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313220/pemphigus-a-comprehensive-review-on-pathogenesis-clinical-presentation-and-novel-therapeutic-approaches
#3
REVIEW
Robert Pollmann, Thomas Schmidt, Rüdiger Eming, Michael Hertl
Pemphigus is a group of rare, potentially devastating autoimmune diseases of the skin and mucous membranes with high morbidity and potentially lethal outcome. The major clinical variant, pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is caused by a loss of intercellular adhesion of epidermal keratinocytes which is induced by IgG autoantibodies against components of desmosomes. Specifically, IgG against the desmosomal adhesion proteins, desmoglein 3 (Dsg3) and desmoglein 1 (Dsg1), preferentially target their ectodomains which are presumably critical for the transinteraction and signalling function of these adhesion molecules...
January 8, 2018: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299431/a-review-on-botanicals-with-wound-healing-activity-for-pemphigus-vulgaris-perspective-of-traditional-persian-medicine-and-conventional-medicine
#4
REVIEW
Fatemeh Atarzadeh, Amir Mohammad Jaladat, Babak Daneshfard, Ladan Dastgheib, Mohammad Kamalinejad, Gholamreza Amin
Objective: As a rare autoimmune disease, pemphigus vulgaris has a poor prognosis especially in lack of proper medical support. This blistering disease involves both the skin and mucus membranes. The challenge is improving the healing process of skin lesions of which, superimposed infections are among the main causes of the disease mortality. Accordingly, we aimed to assess the treatment options suggested by traditional Persian medicine (TPM) and compare them with current findings. Materials and Methods: We studied the main clinical and pharmaceutical textbooks of TPM (Kitāb al-hāwīfī al-tibb, the Canon of Medicine, Eksir-e-Aazam, Tuhfat al-mu'minīn, Makhzan al-adviyah (focusing on the skin chapter and respective herbal remedies for the inflamed skin and ulcers...
November 2017: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297927/an-oral-disease-severity-score-odss-validated-for-use-in-oral-pemphigus-vulgaris
#5
M Ormond, H McParland, A N A Donaldson, M Andiappan, R J Cook, M Escudier, E Hullah, J Higham, R McMillan, J Taylor, P J Shirlaw, S J Challacombe, J F Setterfield
OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of this study was to validate the Oral Disease Severity Score (ODSS) for the assessment of oral involvement in pemphigus vulgaris (PV). A secondary aim was to compare the inter - intra- observer variability and ease of use with the Physician's Global Assessment (PGA) and the oral scoring methods used in Autoimmune Bullous Skin Disorder Intensity Score (ABSIS) and the Pemphigus Disease Area Index (PDAI). METHODS: 15 patients with mild to moderately severe oral PV were scored for disease severity by 10 oral medicine clinicians using the ODSS, PGA and the oral sections of ABSIS and PDAI...
January 3, 2018: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289266/is-myc-an-important-biomarker-myc-expression-in-immune-disorders-and-cancer
#6
REVIEW
Shivtia Trop-Steinberg, Yehudit Azar
The proto-oncogene Myc serves as a paradigm for understanding the dynamics of transcriptional regulation. Myc protein has been linked to immune dysfunction, cancer development and neoplastic transformation. We review recent research regarding functions of Myc as an important modulator in immune disorders, postallogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and several cancers. Myc overexpression has been repeatedly linked to immune disorders and specific cancers, such as myasthenia gravis, psoriasis, pemphigus vulgaris, atherosclerosis, long-term allogeneic survival among HSCT patients, (primary) inflammatory breast cancer, (primary) ovarian carcinoma and hematological malignancies: acute myeloid leukemia, chronic myelogenous leukemia, Hodgkin's lymphoma and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma...
January 2018: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282189/cutaneous-mucormycosis-a-fatal-complication-of-immunosuppressant-therapy-for-pemphigus-vulgaris
#7
Kanika Sahni, Dipankar De, Sunil Dogra, Amrinderjit Kanwar, Uma Nahar Saikia
A 62-year-old man with no comorbidities presented to the outpatient department of our Institute with a history of extensive vesiculobullous and erosive skin lesions and oral erosions for 2 months and fever for 1 week. A diagnosis of pemphigus vulgaris was made based on histopathology and direct immunofluorescence of a skin biopsy specimen, and the patient was started on oral prednisolone 40 mg per day along with intravenous antibiotics (amoxicillin-clavulanic acid, gentamicin, and metronidazole) empirically, pending blood and skin swab culture and sensitivity reports...
2017: Skinmed
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278440/a-novel-lateral-flow-immunoassay-for-the-rapid-detection-of-anti-dsg3-igg-serum-autoantibodies-in-pemphigus-vulgaris
#8
Thomas Schmidt, Susanne Mauracher, Lena Bender, Brandon Greene, Jonas Kurzhals, Rüdiger Eming, Ralf Dostatni, Michael Hertl
Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is a severe autoimmune blistering disease of the skin and mucous membranes. As autoantibodies play an essential role in the disease pathogenesis, the serological detection of anti-desmoglein 3 IgG represents a central tool in the diagnosis of the disease. In this study, we show the validation of a novel lateral flow immunoassay (LFIA) which rapidly detects anti-desmoglein 3 (Dsg3) IgG in human serum. In contrast to other diagnostic procedures, the assay is compact and simple to perform and delivers a fast "yes" or "no" answer within 10 min without additional hardware requirements for test evaluation...
December 26, 2017: Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237064/relationship-between-pemphigus-and-american-tegumentary-leishmaniasis-insights-from-serological-and-genetic-profiles
#9
Priscilla Walsh, Maria J F Brochado, Sebastian Vernal, Aline R Machado, Aline Turatti, Natalia A de Paula, Eduardo A Donadi, Ana Maria Roselino
Background: Antibodies against Leishmania peptides (Lbr-peps) and desmogleins (Dsgs) have been reported in pemphigus foliaceus (PF) and leishmaniasis patients, respectively. We aimed to compare serological and genetic features in a Brazilian region endemic for American tegumentary leishmaniasis (ATL) and pemphigus. Methods: Commercial anti-Dsg ELISA and in-house ELISA with Lbr-peps were used to determine the serological profile, in addition to immunoblotting (IB) and indirect immunofluorescence (IIF) assays...
December 11, 2017: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228499/high-dose-intravenous-immunoglobulins-for-the-treatment-of-dermatological-autoimmune-diseases
#10
Jochen H O Hoffmann, Alexander H Enk
Based on their immunomodulatory properties, high-dose intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIGs) are successfully used in the treatment of various dermatological autoimmune diseases, in particular pemphigus vulgaris and dermatomyositis. In autoimmune bullous diseases, IVIGs can be used in an adjuvant setting (second- or third-line therapy) once combined immunosuppressive regimens have failed. In dermatomyositis, IVIGs may already be employed as an adjuvant second-line therapy after failure of corticosteroid monotherapy...
December 2017: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208790/oral-manifestation-in-patients-diagnosed-with-dermatological-diseases
#11
Sanjay G Thete, Meena Kulkarni, Atul P Nikam, Tejashree Mantri, Dhiraj Umbare, Sushant Satdive, Dinraj Kulkarni
AIM: This study aimed to estimate the frequency of oral lesions in dermatological diseased patients attending the outpatient department of Pravara Rural Medical and Dental College and Hospital, Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences (Deemed University), Loni, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India, and the Department of Dermatology at Medical College, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional hospital-based study was conducted in Loni from October 2013 to January 2014...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201111/cytokine-indexes-in-pemphigus-vulgaris-perception-of-its-immunpathogenesis-and-hopes-for-non-steroidal-treatment
#12
Mohsen Masjedi, Nafiseh Esmaeil, Ali Saffaei, Bahareh Abtahi-Naeini, Mohsen Pourazizi, Shaghayegh Haghjooy Javanmard, Ali Asilian
Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is a chronic autoimmune blistering disease of the skin, in which loss of adhesion between keratinocytes is caused by autoantibodies. It has been hypothesized that cytokines play an essential role in the pathogenesis of PV. This study aimed to investigate the other immunopathological aspects of PV by determining the serum levels of cytokines in PV patients to find another treatment strategy except corticosteroid therapy. Twenty-three patients with PV and a control group consisting of 24 healthy subjects were studied...
2017: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192996/british-association-of-dermatologists-guidelines-for-the-management-of-pemphigus-vulgaris-2017
#13
K E Harman, D Brown, L S Exton, R W Groves, P J Hampton, M F Mohd Mustapa, J F Setterfield, P D Yesudian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192985/rituximab-and-short-course-prednisone-as-the-new-gold-standard-for-new-onset-pemphigus-vulgaris-and-pemphigus-foliaceus
#14
EDITORIAL
D F Murrell, E Sprecher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182409/association-between-hla-dqb1-polymorphisms-and-pemphigus-vulgaris-a-meta-analysis
#15
Si Li, Qin Zhang, Peng Wang, Jun Li, Jing Ni, Jun Wu, Yan Liang, Rui-Xue Leng, Hai-Feng Pan, Dong-Qing Ye
OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to systematically summarize the results on the association of HLA-DQB1 polymorphisms with pemphigus vulgaris (PV) and other related factors. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search of PubMed, The Cochrane Library, Embase, and Google Scholar database was conducted to identify relevant articles in English, with the last report up to November 1, 2016. Heterogeneity test was performed, and publication bias was evaluated. Stata software 12...
November 28, 2017: Immunological Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145342/evaluation-of-anti-desmoglein-1-and-anti-desmoglein-3-autoantibody-titers-in-pemphigus-patients-at-the-time-of-the-initial-diagnosis-and-after-clinical-remission
#16
Irene Russo, Francesco Paolo De Siena, Andrea Saponeri, Mauro Alaibac
It has been suggested that anti-desmoglein autoantibody titers could be helpful in follow-up and therapeutic management of pemphigus patients. However, there is no consensus regarding the relationship between anti-desmoglein autoantibody titers and clinical activity of pemphigus.The aim of our study was to evaluate if clinical remission of pemphigus relates to the presence of anti-desmoglein autoantibodies.Thirty patients with pemphigus vulgaris and 7 patients with pemphigus foliaceous were included in the study...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132070/sixteen-year-history-of-rituximab-therapy-for-1085-pemphigus-vulgaris-patients-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Soheil Tavakolpour, HamidReza Mahmoudi, Kamran Balighi, Robabeh Abedini, Maryam Daneshpazhooh
Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is a rare autoimmune disease due to the production of pathogenic autoantibodies directed against desmoglein 1 and 3, usually affecting both skin and mucous membranes. Recently, rituximab, a chimeric IgG1 monoclonal antibody which targets the CD20 molecules have been regarded as a promising treatment for PV. In this study, a systematic review was conducted to conclude on how and which PV patients could benefit from rituximab infusion. Search in PubMed results in 114 relevant studies, which met the criteria...
November 10, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110080/pemphigus-trigger-factors-special-focus-on-pemphigus-vulgaris-and-pemphigus-foliaceus
#18
REVIEW
Soheil Tavakolpour
Pemphigus is a general term for a rare group of autoimmune diseases which result in the formation of blisters on the skin and oral cavity. Although there is no way to prevent autoimmune diseases, some factors may trigger pemphigus initiation in susceptible individuals or be exacerbated in affected patients. Recognition of these triggers, based on the latest studies and experiences is essential and should be updated every few years. In this study, several triggers, including different drugs and treatments, diseases, vaccines, genetic factors, nutrients, micronutrients, pregnancy, stress, and various other triggers have been discussed...
November 6, 2017: Archives of Dermatological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105150/feasibility-study-for-clinical-application-of-caspase-3-inhibitors-in-pemphigus-vulgaris
#19
W V J Hariton, A Galichet, T Vanden Berghe, A M Overmiller, M G Mahoney, W Declercq, E J Müller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096849/successful-and-well-tolerated-bi-weekly-immunoadsorption-regimen-in-pemphigus-vulgaris
#20
Jenny Dietze, Bernd Hohenstein, Sergey Tselmin, Ulrich Julius, Stefan R Bornstein, Stefan Beissert, Claudia Günther
BACKGROUND: Pemphigus vulgaris is a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by blisters and erosions forming in the mucous membranes and the skin. Many patients are severely impaired by pain, weight loss and increased risk of infections. The disease is mediated by specific autoantibodies directed against desmogleins that contribute to connect keratinocytes in the epidermis. Autoantibody deposition in the skin causes inflammation and intraepidermal akantholysis. The concentration of autoantibodies in serum correlates with disease activity...
November 2017: Atherosclerosis. Supplements
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