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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356409/scalable-synthesis-of-triple-core-shell-nanostructures-of-tio2-mno2-c-for-high-performance-supercapacitors-using-structure-guided-combustion-waves
#1
Dongjoon Shin, Jungho Shin, Taehan Yeo, Hayoung Hwang, Seonghyun Park, Wonjoon Choi
Core-shell nanostructures of metal oxides and carbon-based materials have emerged as outstanding electrode materials for supercapacitors and batteries. However, their synthesis requires complex procedures that incur high costs and long processing times. Herein, a new route is proposed for synthesizing triple-core-shell nanoparticles of TiO2 @MnO2 @C using structure-guided combustion waves (SGCWs), which originate from incomplete combustion inside chemical-fuel-wrapped nanostructures, and their application in supercapacitor electrodes...
January 22, 2018: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356101/eryptosis-and-hemorheological-responses-to-maximal-exercise-in-athletes-comparison-between-running-and-cycling
#2
Elie Nader, Nicolas Guillot, Louis Lavorel, Ivan Hancco, Romain Fort, Emeric Stauffer, Céline Renoux, Philippe Joly, Michèle Germain, Philippe Connes
We compared the effects of cycling and running exercise on hemorheological and hematological properties, as well as eryptosis markers. Seven endurance-trained subjects randomly performed a progressive and maximal exercise test on a cycle ergometer and a treadmill. Blood was sampled at rest and at the end of the exercise to analyze hematological and blood rheological parameters including hematocrit (Hct), red blood cell (RBC) deformability, aggregation and blood viscosity. Hemoglobin saturation (SpO2), blood lactate and glucose levels were also monitored...
January 21, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356100/layer-specific-deformation-analysis-in-severe-aortic-valve-stenosis-primary-mitral-valve-regurgitation-and-healthy-individuals-validated-against-invasive-hemodynamic-measurements-of-heart-function
#3
Rine Bakkestrøm, Nicolaj L Christensen, Emil Wolsk, Ann Banke, Jordi S Dahl, Mads J Andersen, Finn Gustafsson, Christian Hassager, Jacob E Møller
AIM: Speckle tracking echocardiography is considered valuable in assessing left ventricular (LV) function. The method has been refined to assess deformation in different myocardial layers, but the effect of volume vs pressure overload on this pattern is unknown. The aim was to test whether layer-specific myocardial strain (LSS) obtained by speckle tracking echocardiography exhibits different patterns in conditions with different loading conditions. METHODS AND RESULTS: Forty patients with asymptomatic severe aortic stenosis (AS) (AVA 0...
January 21, 2018: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356097/association-of-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-in-wnt-genes-with-the-risk-of-non-syndromic-cleft-lip-with-or-without-cleft-palate
#4
Houshang Rafighdoost, Mohammad Hashemi, Hossein Asadi, Gholamreza Bahari
Non-syndromic cleft lip with or without palate (NSCL/P) is a common congenital deformity worldwide with multifaceted etiology. Interaction of genes and environmental factors have been indicated to be related with susceptibility to NSCL/P. Some WNT genes which are involved in craniofacial embryogenesis may play a key role in the pathogenesis of NSCL/P. In the present study we aimed to inspect the relationship between WNT3 (rs3809857, rs9890413), WNT3A (rs752107, rs3121310), and WNT10a rs201002930 (c.392 C>T) polymorphisms and NSCL/P in an Iranian population...
January 22, 2018: Congenital Anomalies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355953/investigation-into-the-microstructure-texture-and-rheological-properties-of-chocolate-ganache
#5
Jade McGill, Rich W Hartel
Ganache is a mixture of chocolate and dairy. Although a popular confection, little is known about how it functions as a system. Objectives were to (1) determine if dairy fats and cocoa butter mix in ganache, (2) characterize ganache microstructure, and how structure affects texture and rheology, and (3) identify how changes in chocolate composition alter ganache. Textural analysis, differential scanning calorimetry, stress sweep tests, and microscopy were used to examine ganache formulations that varied in dairy source (cream or butter) or in solid fat content (SFC), composition or type of chocolate...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355811/preoperative-hemoglobin-level-is-associated-with-increased-healthcare-utilization-after-elective-spinal-fusion-%C3%A2-3-levels-in-elderly-male-spine-deformity-patients
#6
Aladine A Elsamadicy, Owoicho Adogwa, Michael Ongele, Amanda R Sergesketter, Aaron Tarnasky, David E T Lubkin, Nicolas Drysdale, Joseph Cheng, Carlos A Bagley, Isaac O Karikari
BACKGROUND: Measures of healthcare utilization such as length of hospital stay (LOS) are used as proxies for quality of care after spine surgery. Accordingly, hospitals and health systems are investing considerable resources into the pre-operative identification of patients at risk for prolonged LOS. This study aims to investigate the impact of preoperative hemoglobin on outcomes and LOS after spinal fusion. METHODS: The medical records of 204 elderly (≥60 years) male patients undergoing elective spinal fusion (≥3 levels) at a major academic institution from 2005 to 2015 were reviewed...
January 17, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355795/surgical-management-of-myelomeningocele-related-spinal-deformities
#7
Sergey O Ryabykh, Olga M Pavlova, Dmitry M Savin, Alexander V Burcev, Alexander V Gubin
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study OBJECTIVE: To evaluate optimal timing and type of surgical treatment of myelomeningocele-related spinal deformities. To provide long term follow-up of surgical treatment. METHODS: We reviewed and presented clinical pictures, treatment strategies and results of 20 patients with myelomeningocele-related spinal deformities, treated at the Ilizarov Center (Kurgan, Russia) from 2010 to 2017. RESULTS: Average age was 6...
January 17, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355790/small-c7-t1-lordotic-angle-and-muscle-degeneration-at-c7-level-were-independent-radiological-characteristics-of-patients-with-cervical-imbalance-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis
#8
Koji Tamai, Joshua Romanu, Phillip Grisdela, Permsak Paholpak, Pengfei Zheng, Hiroaki Nakamura, Zorica Buser, Jeffrey C Wang
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Cervical sagittal vertical axis (cSVA) of ≥40mm is recognized as the key factor of poor health-related quality of life, poor surgical outcomes, and correction loss after surgery for cervical deformity. However, little is known about the radiological characteristics of patients with cSVA≥40mm. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the radiological characteristics of patients with cervical imbalance. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of weight-bearing cervical magnetic resonance (MR) images PATIENT SAMPLE: Consecutive 1,500 MR images of symptomatic patients in weight-bearing position OUTCOME MEASURES: cSVA, cervical alignment, cervical balance parameters (T1 slope, Co-C2 angle, C2-C7 angle, C7-T1 angle, neck tilt and thoracic inlet angle), disc degeneration (Pfirmann and Suzuki classification), endplate degeneration (Modic change), Spondylolisthesis (antero- and retrolisthesis), antero-posterior (AP) diameter of dural sac, cross-sectional area (CSA) and fat infiltration ratio of the transversospinalis muscles at C4 and C7 levels METHODS: Patients were divided into two groups: cervical sagittal vertical axis (cSVA) ≥40mm and <40mm...
January 17, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355519/successful-sperm-cryopreservation-of-the-brown-marbled-grouper-epinephelus-fuscoguttatus-using-propylene-glycol-as-cryoprotectant
#9
Maisarah Yusoff, Mohd Badrul Nizam Hassan, Muhammad Ikhwanuddin, Shahreza Md Sheriff, Fatimah Hashim, Sufian Mustafa, Ivan Chong Chu Koh
This study developed the cryopreservation of brown-marbled grouper spermatozoa for practical application. We examined 32 cryodiluents, developed from four types of cryoprotectants [propylene glycol (PG), dimethyl-sulphoxide (Me2SO), dimethyl-acetamide (DMA) and ethylene glycol (EG)] at four concentrations of 5, 10, 15 and 20% in combination with two extenders [Fetal bovine serum (FBS) and artificial seminal plasma (ASP). Cooling rates were examined by adjusting the height of straws (2.5-12.5 cm) from the liquid nitrogen (LN) vapour and cooled for 5 min before immersion into LN...
January 18, 2018: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355316/rotaxanes-as-mechanochromic-fluorescent-force-transducers-in-polymers
#10
Yoshimitsu Sagara, Marc Karman, Ester Verde-Sesto, Kazuya Matsuo, Yuna Kim, Nobuyuki Tamaoki, Christoph Weder
The integration of mechanophores - motifs that transduce mechanical forces into chemical reactions - allows creating materials with stress-dependent properties. Typical mechanophores are activated by cleaving weak covalent bonds, but these reactions can also be triggered by other stimuli, and this renders the behavior unspecific. Here we show that this problem can be overcome by extending the molecular-shuttle function of rotaxanes to mechanical activation. A mechanically interlocked mechanophore composed of a fluorophore-carrying macrocycle and a dumbbell-shaped molecule containing a matching quencher was integrated into a polyurethane elastomer...
January 22, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355060/investigating-superiority-of-novel-bilosomes-over-niosomes-in-the-transdermal-delivery-of-diacerein-in-vitro-characterization-ex-vivo-permeation-and-in-vivo-skin-deposition-study
#11
Diana E Aziz, Aly A Abdelbary, Abdelhalim I Elassasy
Skin is considered the most accessible organ of the body because of its underlying capillary network. However, stratum corneum (SC), the upper most layer of skin, represents major diffusional barrier for most drugs. Hence, the use of edge activators (EAs) in designing novel elastic vesicles is hypothesized to impart their lipid bilayer with ultra-flexibility to trespass SC by high self-optimizing deformability. To confirm this hypothesis, this work aimed at developing novel bilosomes by modulating conventional niosomal composition using different bile salts as EAs and investigating their superiority over niosomes for transdermal delivery of diacerein (DCN), as model drug...
January 21, 2018: Journal of Liposome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354839/effects-of-adatom-and-gas-molecule-adsorption-on-the-physical-properties-of-tellurene-a-first-principles-investigation
#12
Xiao Hua Wang, Da Wei Wang, Ai Jun Yang, Nikhil Koratkar, Ji Feng Chu, Pin Lei Lv, Ming Zhe Rong
Tellurene is a new member of the two-dimensional (2D) materials' family, whose existence has been recently confirmed by first principles calculation and experimental work. Tellurene is also the first 2D mono-elemental material of group-VI predicted by scientists, and investigations of its basic properties are still in their infancy. In this study, we use first principles calculation based on density functional theory to investigate the adsorption of nineteen typical adatoms (Li, Na, K, Ca, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Ag, Au, Pd, Pt, B, N, O, Si, Cl, and Al), and five typical gas molecules (H2, O2, H2O, NO2, and NH3) on α-phase as well as β-phase tellurene sheets...
January 22, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354817/mechanically-stable-ternary-heterogeneous-electrodes-for-energy-storage-and-conversion
#13
Libo Gao, Hongti Zhang, James Utama Surjadi, Peifeng Li, Ying Han, Dong Sun, Yang Lu
Recently, solid asymmetric supercapacitor (ASC) has been deemed as an emerging portable power storage or backup device for harvesting natural resources. Here we rationally engineered a hierarchical, mechanically stable heterostructured FeCo@NiCo layered double hydroxide (LDH) with superior capacitive performance by a simple two-step electrodeposition route for energy storage and conversion. In situ scanning electron microscope (SEM) nanoindentation and electrochemical tests demonstrated the mechanical robustness and good conductivity of FeCo-LDH...
January 22, 2018: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354785/correlation-of-developmental-deformity-with-calcium-phosphorus-or-estradiol-17%C3%AE-levels-in-reared-red-spotted-grouper-epinephelus-akaara-juveniles
#14
Ji Eun Kim, Hyung Bae Kim, Young Don Lee, Hea Ja Baek
Skeletal deformities are significant problems that affect the growth and commercial value of fish reared in hatcheries. However, studies of bone metabolic process related to skeletal deformities are limited. We investigated the potential correlation between bone deformities and plasma calcium, phosphorus, and estradiol-17β levels in reared red spotted grouper (Epinephelus akaara) juveniles. We collected E. akaara frys from private farms at 110, 140, 180 and 300 days after hatching (DAH), and classified the normal and deformed fish by observing their external shape and inner frame by soft X-ray...
December 2017: Balsaeng'gwa Saengsig
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354759/a-rare-cause-of-late-onset-neurological-deficit-in-post-tuberculous-kyphotic-deformity-case-report
#15
Suresh Subramani, Ajoy Prasad Shetty, Rishi M Kanna, Shanmuganathan Rajasekaran
Late onset neurological deficit is a rare complication of spinal tuberculosis. Reactivation of the disease and compression by internal gibbus are the common causes for late onset neurological deficit. We report a rare cause of late onset paraplegia in a patient with post tubercular kyphotic deformity. The late onset neurological deficit was due to the adjacent segment degeneration proximal to the kyphotic deformity. Posterior hypertrophied ligamentum flavum and anterior disc osteophyte complex caused the cord compression...
December 2017: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354758/gibbus-deformity-after-non-tuberculosis-osteomyelitis
#16
Akop Seksenyan, Darian R Esfahani, Kimberly Hu, Ankit I Mehta
Gibbus deformities are characterized by anterior collapse of one or more vertebral bodies resulting in kyphosis. These deformities usually arise from spinal infections, and are traditionally associated with tuberculosis; other pathogens are rarely reported in the literature. In this case report, the authors describe a patient with a sharp, angulated Gibbus deformity presenting with back pain and myelopathy. The patient was placed on antibiotics, underwent T11-T12 corpectomy, placement of an expandable cage, and T8-L3 fusion with improvement of symptoms...
December 2017: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354757/obstructed-spinopelvic-fixation-in-the-setting-of-a-triangular-titanium-sacroiliac-fusion-implant-a-case-description
#17
Joseph L Laratta, James D Lin, Jamal N Shillingford, Nathan E Hardy, Hemant Reddy, Ronald A Lehman
Achieving lumbosacral fusion through spinopelvic fixation is an important and challenging aspect of spinal deformity surgery. Numerous instrumentation techniques are available, with iliac screws and S2-alar-iliac (SRAI) screws being most commonly used today. However, the increasing popularity of minimally invasive sacroiliac (SI) fusion as a common procedure performed for SI joint pain presents a distinct challenge in complex adult deformity cases requiring iliac screw fixation. We report a case of a 71-year-old female with a longstanding history of spinal deformity status-post T11-L5 fusion and a subsequent right-sided SI joint fusion who presented with sagittal imbalance...
December 2017: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354746/the-genetic-implication-of-scoliosis-in-osteogenesis-imperfecta-a-review
#18
REVIEW
Gang Liu, Jia Chen, Yangzhong Zhou, Yuzhi Zuo, Sen Liu, Weisheng Chen, Zhihong Wu, Nan Wu
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a kind of heritable connective tissue disorder, including blue sclerae, hearing loss, skeletal dysplasia causing bone fragility and deformities. It is typically caused by collagen related gene mutations, which could lead to bone formation abnormalities. Scoliosis is one of the most common and severe spinal phenotype which has been reported in approximately 26-74.5% of all OI patients. Recent breakthroughs have suggested that OI can be divided into more than 16 types based on genetic mutations with different degrees of scoliosis...
December 2017: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354738/inpatient-morbidity-after-spinal-deformity-surgery-in-patients-with-movement-disorders
#19
Rafael De la Garza Ramos, C Rory Goodwin, Amit Jain, Daniel Martinez-Ramirez, Isaac O Karikari, Daniel M Sciubba
Background: To investigate the inpatient perioperative morbidity rate of patients with movement disorders (MD) after spinal deformity surgery. Methods: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample database from 2002 to 2011 was queried to identify adult patients with MD who underwent spinal deformity surgery. Complication rates were compared between patients with MD and controls. A multiple logistic regression analysis was conducted to assess the effect of MD on outcome. Results: A total of 365 patients with MD (3...
December 2017: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354732/c7-intra-laminar-screws-for-complex-cervicothoracic-spine-surgery-a-case-series
#20
Peter John Wilson, Michael Derrick Selby
Background: C7 has relatively unique anatomy compared to the remainder of the subaxial cervical spine (C3-C6) and upper thoracic spine. The C7 laminar has been previously reported in feasibility and biomechanical studies as an adequate fixation point in contrast to the lateral mass or pedicles, with few reports of its use in clinical practice. The purpose of this study was to review the safety and efficacy of using the C7 laminar as a fixation point in constructs involving the cervical spine and cervicothoracic junction...
December 2017: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
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