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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353402/factors-affecting-the-referral-rate-of-the-hoarding-disorder-at-primary-mental-health-care-in-quebec
#1
Yuliya Bodryzlova, Kieron O'Connor
Hoarding disorder (HD) places an important burden on people with HD, on their family members and society. In this paper we evaluate help-seeking in HD at primary mental health, measured in referral rate, together with its individual, environmental and structural correlates. We conducted an aggregate study by combining existing official data with our own survey data at the catchment area level. We found a mean annual referral rate of 1.58 (SD = 1.79) cases of HD in primary mental health facilities per 10,000 of adult population...
January 20, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351862/social-capital-socioeconomic-status-and-depression-in-community-living-elderly
#2
Kyu-Man Han, Changsu Han, Cheolmin Shin, Hee-Jung Jee, Hyonggin An, Ho-Kyoung Yoon, Young-Hoon Ko, Seung-Hyun Kim
A growing body of evidence has suggested that social capital is an upstream social determinant of mental health. We investigated the association of cognitive social capital, including interpersonal trust and reciprocity, with depressive symptoms in the elderly. We also explored the mediating role of cognitive social capital in the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and depressive symptoms and the moderating effect of SES on the relationship between social capital and depressive symptoms. Data from the 2012 Korea Welfare Panel Study (KOWEPS) was analyzed for 5969 participants aged 60 years or older...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351763/an-overview-of-the-impact-of-rare-disease-characteristics-on-research-methodology
#3
REVIEW
Danielle Whicher, Sarah Philbin, Naomi Aronson
BACKGROUND: About 30 million individuals in the United States are living with a rare disease, which by definition have a prevalence of 200,000 or fewer cases in the United States ([National Organization for Rare Disorders], [About NORD], [2016]). Disease heterogeneity and geographic dispersion add to the difficulty of completing robust studies in small populations. Improving the ability to conduct research on rare diseases would have a significant impact on population health. The purpose of this paper is to raise awareness of methodological approaches that can address the challenges to conducting robust research on rare diseases...
January 19, 2018: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351109/coordination-of-the-environmental-influences-on-child-health-outcomes-program-so-the-whole-is-greater-than-the-sum-of-its-parts
#4
Brian Smith, Susan Knox, Daniel K Benjamin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The Environmental influences on Child Health Outcomes (ECHO) program's mission is to enhance the health of children for generations to come. In this manuscript, we describe the structure of the ECHO Coordinating Center (ECHO-CC) and its role in developing the infrastructure for the ECHO program. RECENT FINDINGS: The ECHO-CC supports ECHO's mission by developing the framework of the ECHO program, coordinating multiple levels of membership in the ECHO community, developing ECHO policies and procedures, and fostering communication and engagement inside and outside of ECHO...
January 17, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349217/the-mothers-on-respect-mor-index-measuring-quality-safety-and-human-rights-in-childbirth
#5
Saraswathi Vedam, Kathrin Stoll, Nicholas Rubashkin, Kelsey Martin, Zoe Miller-Vedam, Hermine Hayes-Klein, Ganga Jolicoeur
Background: Abuse of human rights in childbirth are documented in low, middle and high resource countries. A systematic review across 34 countries by the WHO Research Group on the Treatment of Women During Childbirth concluded that there is no consensus at a global level on how disrespectful maternity care is measured. In British Columbia, a community-led participatory action research team developed a survey tool that assesses women's experiences with maternity care, including disrespect and discrimination...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347926/handheld-ultrasound-to-avert-maternal-and-neonatal-deaths-in-2-regions-of-the-philippines-an-ibuntis%C3%A2-intervention-study
#6
Godofreda V Dalmacion, Ramon T Reyles, Antonia E Habana, Lalaine Mae V Cruz, Maricelle C Chua, Analyn T Ngo, Milagros J Tia-Jocson, Emmanuel S Baja
BACKGROUND: The major causes of maternal and neonatal mortality in the Philippines are hemorrhages and obstructed labor due to placental implantation abnormalities (PIAs), twin pregnancies and fetal malpresentations. All of which are all easily detected by ultrasound. However, women in rural areas and low-income groups do not have access to ultrasound during their prenatal care. We aimed to provide additional evidence on the benefits of handheld ultrasound (HU) for screening pregnancy related abnormalities in order to avert maternal and neonatal deaths...
January 18, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345724/effects-of-cognitive-training-on-cognition-and-quality-of-life-of-older-persons-with-dementia
#7
Eeva-Liisa Kallio, Hannareeta Öhman, Marja Hietanen, Helena Soini, Timo E Strandberg, Hannu Kautiainen, Kaisu H Pitkälä
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of cognitive training on cognition and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in community-dwelling persons with dementia. DESIGN: Single-blind randomized controlled trial with 3- and 9-month follow-up. SETTING: Adult day care centers in Helsinki, Finland. PARTICIPANTS: Older individuals with mild to moderate dementia living at home and attending adult day care twice a week (N = 147; mean age 83, 72% female, 63% at mild stage of dementia)...
January 18, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345481/the-influence-of-low-barrier-and-voluntary-service-policies-on-survivor-empowerment-in-a-domestic-violence-housing-organization
#8
Nkiru Nnawulezi, Surbhi Godsay, Cris M Sullivan, Suzanne Marcus, Margaret Hacskaylo
The purpose of community-based domestic violence crisis housing programs (e.g., shelters) is to provide a safe setting that promotes empowerment for survivors of intimate partner violence. For staff to reach this aim, the program must have formal structures and processes in place to support such efforts. This study explored how low-barrier and voluntary service policies influenced staff practices and survivor empowerment. Low-barrier policies require that programs remove barriers that prevent survivors, particularly those who have mental health concerns and/or addictions, from being able to access services...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344531/factors-affecting-the-place-of-delivery-among-mothers-residing-in-jhorahat-vdc-morang-nepal
#9
Prativa Dhakal, Mangala Shrestha, Dharanidhar Baral, Santosh Pathak
Background: In Nepal, the maternal mortality ratio is 281 per thousand live births, among which 40% mortality occurs during home delivery. Home delivery increases the risk of maternal and neonatal mortality and morbidity due to the birth not assisted by skilled attendant. This study was carried out to determine the factors affecting the place of delivery among the mothers residing in Jhorahat VDC, Morang district, Nepal. Methods: A mixed method study using interviews based on semi-structured questionnaire (n=93) among mothers and two focus group discussion among decision makers of the house and female community health volunteers was conducted between November to December 2012...
January 2018: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340850/drug-related-problems-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-in-mainland-china
#10
Jiadan Yang, Long Meng, Yu Liu, Liping Lv, Shusen Sun, Rui Long, Xuefeng Shan, Jie Song, Feng Qiu
Background Little is known about the extent of drug-related problems (DRPs) in community-dwelling older adult patients with chronic diseases in mainland China. Setting A medication therapy review service at a community health center in Chongqing, China. Objective To identify and categorize DRPs along with pharmacists' recommendations in addressing the DRPs identified. Method The study was conducted between May 2015 and July 2016. A total of 102 community-dwelling older adults were included. MTR was carried out by clinical pharmacists...
January 16, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339927/factors-affecting-the-cultural-competence-of-visiting-nurses-for-rural-multicultural-family-support-in-south-korea
#11
Min Hyun Suk, Won-Oak Oh, YeoJin Im
Background: With the recent growth of multicultural families in the Korean society, the importance of the role of qualified visiting nurses in the delivery of culturally sensitive health care has grown dramatically. As the primary health care provider for multicultural families enrolled in public community-based health care centers, the cultural competence of visiting nurses is an essential qualification for the provision of quality health care for multicultural families, especially in rural areas...
2018: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339347/hospital-owned-apps-in-taiwan-nationwide-survey
#12
Hao-Yen Liu, Wui-Chiang Lee, Ying-Chou Sun, Jun-Jeng Fen, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Li-Fang Chou, Shinn-Jang Hwang
BACKGROUND: Over the last decade, the use of mobile phone apps in the health care industry has grown rapidly. Owing to the high penetration rate of Internet use in Taiwan, hospitals are eager to provide their own apps to improve the accessibility of medical care for patients. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to provide an overview of the currently available hospital-owned apps in Taiwan and to conduct a cross-hospital comparison of app features. METHODS: In May 2017, the availability of apps from all 414 hospitals in Taiwan was surveyed from the hospital home pages and the Google Play app store...
January 16, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339177/trends-in-reporting-histological-subtyping-of-renal-cell-carcinoma-association-with-cancer-center-type
#13
Ted Gansler, Stacey Fedewa, Mahul B Amin, Chun Chieh Lin, Ahmedin Jemal
Histological classification of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has become increasingly important for clinical management. We identified 295,483 RCC diagnosed from 1998-2014 in the National Cancer Database (NCDB) to examine temporal trends in proportions of RCC with unspecified histology and several specific histologies from the 1998 and 2004 World Health Organization classifications of RCC. Further, multivariable log binomial analysis of 101,062 RCC diagnosed from 2010-2014 was used to determine whether the association of diagnosing/treating facility type and the proportion of unspecified RCC is independent of patient demographic and clinical factors...
January 12, 2018: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338743/the-prospective-and-concurrent-effect-of-exercise-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-older-adults-over-a-3%C3%A2-year-period
#14
Helen-Maria Vasiliadis, Mathieu F Bélanger
BACKGROUND: It is not clear whether socioeconomic status influences health outcomes among older adults through its effect on physical activity. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of sex and neighborhood socio-economic status on the change in health related quality of life (HR-QOL) as a function of physical activity over a three-year period. METHODS: This cohort study included French-speaking community-dwelling older adults recruited in primary care practices in the province of Quebec and participating in the 'Étude sur la Santé des Ainés' (ESA)-Services study on the health of the elderly...
January 16, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334874/a-comparison-of-collaborative-care-outcomes-in-two-health-care-systems-va-clinics-and-federally-qualified-health-centers
#15
Kathleen M Grubbs, John C Fortney, Jeffrey Pyne, Dinesh Mittal, John Ray, Teresa J Hudson
OBJECTIVE: Collaborative care for depression results in symptom reduction when compared with usual care. No studies have systematically compared collaborative care outcomes between veterans treated at Veterans Affairs (VA) clinics and civilians treated at publicly funded federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) after controlling for demographic and clinical characteristics. METHODS: Data from two randomized controlled trials that used a similar collaborative care intervention for depression were combined to conduct post hoc analyses (N=759)...
January 16, 2018: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334631/acceptability-of-intervention-materials-to-decrease-risk-for-alcohol-and-medication-interactions-among-older-adults
#16
Faika Zanjani, Hannah Allen, Nancy Schoenberg, Catherine Martin, Richard Clayton
BACKGROUND: The majority of older adults take prescription or over-the-counter medications and about half consume alcohol regularly. Despite high risk for alcohol medication interactions (AMI), few community-level interventions exist to prevent AMI. The current study assessed the acceptability of educational materials created for use in a brief intervention to prevent AMI among older adults. METHODS: Older adults from two senior centers reviewed intervention materials (poster, patient and pharmacist brochures, and public service announcement) and participated in a pre and post-test to provide feedback and to assess changes in AMI-related awareness and intentions...
December 24, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333923/perception-and-practice-of-hiv-aids-counseling-and-testing-among-secondary-school-adolescents-in-ogun-waterside-local-government-area-ogun-state-southwest-nigeria
#17
Adekunle D Alabi, Olalekan A Oke, Babatunde O Adedokun, Tamramat I Runsewe-Abiodun
A large proportion of Nigerian adolescents are sexually active and the country has one of the highest HIV prevalence among youths globally. This study was done to assess the perception and practice of HIV/AIDS counseling and testing (HCT) among secondary school adolescents in a rural community in Southwest Nigeria. A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out using multistage sampling method. The results showed that despite high level of HCT awareness, majority of the adolescents (62.9%) had negative attitude toward it...
January 1, 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333620/in-center-hemodialysis-education-challenges-and-innovations-in-training-of-fellows-in-nephrology
#18
Louise M Moist, Robert M Lindsay
The in-center dialysis unit and practice of dialysis, in the current multi-team approach, requires knowledge and skills in all the domains including medical expert, communicator, collaborator, scholar, health advocate, and leader. We are tasked as a community, to embrace and incentivize new innovations and technology to address these needs for our post graduate trainees. These innovations must address the basic principles of dialysis, quality improvement, technical and procedural skills as well as leadership and administration skills...
January 14, 2018: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333200/perceptions-of-mindfulness-in-a-low-income-primarily-african-american-treatment-seeking-sample
#19
Claire Adams Spears, Sean C Houchins, Wendy P Bamatter, Sandra Barrueco, Diana Stewart Hoover, Rokas Perskaudas
Individuals with low socioeconomic status (SES) and members of racial/ethnic minority groups often experience profound disparities in mental health and physical well-being. Mindfulness-based interventions show promise for improving mood and health behaviors in higher-SES and non-Latino White populations. However, research is needed to explore what types of adaptations, if any, are needed to best support underserved populations. This study used qualitative methods to gain information about a) perceptions of mindfulness, b) experiences with meditation, c) barriers to practicing mindfulness, and d) recommendations for tailoring mindfulness-based interventions in a low-income, primarily African American treatment-seeking sample...
December 2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332505/building-a-novel-health-curriculum-for-survivors-of-intimate-partner-violence-residing-at-a-transitional-housing-program
#20
Maya Ragavan, Janine Bruce, Megan Bair-Merritt, Sarah Lucha, Jacqueline Maya-Silva, Emily Stebbins, Lisa Chamberlain
We used a community-based participatory research approach to develop, implement, and evaluate one of the first health curricula for female intimate partner violence (IPV) survivors residing at a transitional housing program. The curriculum comprised 12 workshops that were developed based on the survivors' experiences, needs, and interests. Evaluation participants included 20 of the 37 women who attended at least one workshop, 12 workshop facilitators, and two housing center staff. Participants found the curriculum to be engaging, interactive, and helpful in building a supportive community...
April 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
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