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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961182/the-spatiotemporal-trend-of-city-parks-in-mainland-china-between-1981-and-2014-implications-for-the-promotion-of-leisure-time-physical-activity-and-planning
#1
Kai Wang, Jianjun Liu
City parks, important environments built for physical activity, play critical roles in preventing chronic diseases and promoting public health. We used five commonly used park indicators to investigate the spatiotemporal trend of city parks in mainland China between 1981 and 2014 at three scales: national, provincial and city class. City parks in China increased significantly with a turning point occurring around the year 2000. Up until the end of 2014, there were 13,074 city parks totaling 367,962 ha with 0...
September 29, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880962/spatially-explicit-multi-threat-assessment-of-food-tree-species-in-burkina-faso-a-fine-scale-approach
#2
Hannes Gaisberger, Roeland Kindt, Judy Loo, Marco Schmidt, Fidèle Bognounou, Sié Sylvestre Da, Ousmane Boukary Diallo, Souleymane Ganaba, Assan Gnoumou, Djingdia Lompo, Anne Mette Lykke, Elisée Mbayngone, Blandine Marie Ivette Nacoulma, Moussa Ouedraogo, Oumarou Ouédraogo, Charles Parkouda, Stefan Porembski, Patrice Savadogo, Adjima Thiombiano, Guibien Zerbo, Barbara Vinceti
Over the last decades agroforestry parklands in Burkina Faso have come under increasing demographic as well as climatic pressures, which are threatening indigenous tree species that contribute substantially to income generation and nutrition in rural households. Analyzing the threats as well as the species vulnerability to them is fundamental for priority setting in conservation planning. Guided by literature and local experts we selected 16 important food tree species (Acacia macrostachya, Acacia senegal, Adansonia digitata, Annona senegalensis, Balanites aegyptiaca, Bombax costatum, Boscia senegalensis, Detarium microcarpum, Lannea microcarpa, Parkia biglobosa, Sclerocarya birrea, Strychnos spinosa, Tamarindus indica, Vitellaria paradoxa, Ximenia americana, Ziziphus mauritiana) and six key threats to them (overexploitation, overgrazing, fire, cotton production, mining and climate change)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873161/effect-of-colonoscopy-outreach-vs-fecal-immunochemical-test-outreach-on-colorectal-cancer-screening-completion-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#3
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Amit G Singal, Samir Gupta, Celette Sugg Skinner, Chul Ahn, Noel O Santini, Deepak Agrawal, Christian A Mayorga, Caitlin Murphy, Jasmin A Tiro, Katharine McCallister, Joanne M Sanders, Wendy Pechero Bishop, Adam C Loewen, Ethan A Halm
Importance: Mailed fecal immunochemical test (FIT) outreach is more effective than colonoscopy outreach for increasing 1-time colorectal cancer (CRC) screening, but long-term effectiveness may need repeat testing and timely follow-up for abnormal results. Objective: Compare the effectiveness of FIT outreach and colonoscopy outreach to increase completion of the CRC screening process (screening initiation and follow-up) within 3 years. Design, Setting, and Participants: Pragmatic randomized clinical trial from March 2013 to July 2016 among 5999 participants aged 50 to 64 years who were receiving primary care in Parkland Health and Hospital System and were not up to date with CRC screenings...
September 5, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865306/natural-ecosystem-mimicry-in-traditional-dryland-agroecosystems-insights-from-an-empirical-and-holistic-approach
#4
Julien Blanco, Geneviève Michon, Stéphanie M Carrière
While the aim of Ecological Intensification is to enable the design of more sustainable and productive agricultural systems, it is not suited to dryland agroecosystems that are driven by non-equilibrium dynamics and intrinsic variability. Instead, a model based on mobility and variability management has been proposed for these agroecosystems. However, this model remains under-applied in southern Morocco where there have been few studies on the functioning of traditional agroecosystems. This paper focuses on an agroecosystem in the Moroccan Saharan fringe zone that combines agriculture and pastoralism in an acacia parkland...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689056/patient-navigation-for-lung-cancer-screening-in-an-urban-safety-net-system-protocol-for-a-pragmatic-randomized-clinical-trial
#5
David E Gerber, Heidi A Hamann, Noel O Santini, Suhny Abbara, Hsienchang Chiu, Molly McGuire, Lisa Quirk, Hong Zhu, Simon J Craddock Lee
The National Lung Screening Trial demonstrated improved lung cancer mortality with annual low-dose computed tomography (CT) screening, leading to lung cancer screening endorsement by the United States Preventive Services Task Force and coverage by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid. Adherence to annual CT screens in that trial was 95%, which may not be representative of real-world, particularly medically underserved populations. This pragmatic trial will determine the effect of patient-focused, telephone-based patient navigation on adherence to CT-based lung cancer screening in an urban safety-net population...
July 5, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649575/ecmo-in-major-burn-patients-feasibility-and-considerations-when-multiple-modes-of-mechanical-ventilation-fail
#6
Jason D Kennedy, Wesley Thayer, Reuben Beuno, Kelly Kohorst, Avinash B Kumar
BACKGROUND: We report two cases of acute respiratory distress syndrome in burn patients who were successfully managed with good outcomes with extra corporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) after failing multiple conventional modes of ventilation, and review the relevant literature. CASE PRESENTATION: The two patients were a 39-year-old male and 53-year-old male with modified Baux Scores of 79 and 78, respectively, with no known inhalation injury. After the initial modified Parkland-based fluid resuscitation and partial escharotomy, both patients developed worsening hypoxemia and acute respiratory distress syndrome...
2017: Burns and trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619262/the-parkland-grading-scale-for-cholecystitis
#7
Tarik D Madni, David E Leshikar, Christian T Minshall, Paul A Nakonezny, Canon C Cornelius, Jonathan B Imran, Audra T Clark, Brian H Williams, Alexander L Eastman, Joseph P Minei, Herb A Phelan, Michael W Cripps
BACKGROUND: Gallbladders (GBs) with severe inflammation have longer operative times and an increased risk for complications. We propose a grading system using intraoperative images to better stratify GB inflammation. METHODS: After reviewing the intraoperative images of GBs obtained during several hundred laparoscopic cholecystectomies, we developed a five-tiered grading system based on anatomy and inflammatory changes. Fifty intraoperative photographs were taken prior to dissection and then distributed to 11 surgeons who rated each GB's severity per the grading system...
June 6, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587880/accidental-duplication-colorado-retinopathy-of-prematurity-co-rop-screening-algorithm-a-validation-study-at-a-tertiary-care-center
#8
Jason M Huang, Xihui Lin, Yu-Guang He, Jennifer H Cao
The Publisher regrets that this article is an accidental duplication of an article that has already been published, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaapos.2017.03.009. The duplicate article has therefore been withdrawn. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at https://www.elsevier.com/about/our-business/policies/article-withdrawal.
June 3, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570311/the-importance-of-a-3d-based-approach-with-personalized-models-for-accurately-assessing-tbsa
#9
Adrien Desbois, Svetlana Matei, Florian Beguet, Isabelle Perreault, Sylvie Gervais, Jacques De Guise
In this article, the relevance of a new 3D computer-based framework with personalized 3D models for accurately assessing the TBSA is demonstrated through preliminary results and validation studies. First, a 3D rendering interface was developed for representation and calculation of TBSA. The personalized 3D models were built from anthropometric measurements using MakeHuman software. Fifteen paired models were randomly built with an equal BSA but a different morphology. The difference of local BSA, TBSA burned, and Parkland fluids between each paired models were observed to highlight the impact of morphology's variation on the TBSA...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423156/creation-of-an-internal-teledermatology-store-and-forward-system-in-an-existing-electronic-health-record-a-pilot-study-in-a-safety-net-public-health-and-hospital-system
#10
Zachary A Carter, Shauna Goldman, Kristen Anderson, Xiaxiao Li, Linda S Hynan, Benjamin F Chong, Arturo R Dominguez
Importance: External store-and-forward (SAF) teledermatology systems operate separately from the primary health record and have many limitations, including care fragmentation, inadequate communication among clinicians, and privacy and security concerns, among others. Development of internal SAF workflows within existing electronic health records (EHRs) should be the standard for large health care organizations for delivering high-quality dermatologic care, improving access, and capturing other telemedicine benchmark data...
July 1, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315736/colorado-retinopathy-of-prematurity-screening-algorithm-co-rop-a-validation-study-at-a-tertiary-care-center
#11
Jason M Huang, Xihui Lin, Yu-Guang He, Jennifer H Cao
PURPOSE: The Colorado Retinopathy of Prematurity Screening Algorithm (CO-ROP) recommends screening for infants meeting the following criteria for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP): gestational age ≤30 weeks, birth weight of ≤1500 g, and net weight gain of ≤650 g between birth and 4 weeks of age. This study was performed to evaluate the validity of CO-ROP in a tertiary referral county hospital. METHODS: CO-ROP was used to retrospectively analyze the data from consecutive newborns screened for ROP using national screening guidelines at Parkland Hospital, Dallas, Texas, between April 1, 2009, to August 30, 2013...
April 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284142/reach-scale-variation-surface-water-quality-in-a-reticular-canal-system-in-the-lower-yangtze-river-delta-region-china
#12
James Andrew Griffiths, Faith Ka Shun Chan, Fangfang Zhu, Vickie Wang, David Laurence Higgitt
The aim of this research was to assess the spatial and temporal distribution of surface water pollution within a reticular canal system typical of those found in the lower Yangtze River Delta (YRD). For this purpose, surface water quality data was collected from a drainage canal that bisected the southeast district of Ningbo Municipality (Zhejiang) from 2013 to 2015. The sampling transect was designed to represent the change in land-use from the agriculture dominated rural hinterland, to the predominantly urban city-centre...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267393/interruptions-of-head-and-neck-radiotherapy-across-insured-and-indigent-patient-populations
#13
Kimberly Thomas, Travis Martin, Ang Gao, Chul Ahn, Holly Wilhelm, David L Schwartz
PURPOSE: Radiotherapy for head and neck cancer is a cornerstone of care, requiring 30 to 35 days of treatment over 6 to 7 weeks. Diligent patient compliance is crucial, and unplanned treatment interruptions reduce cure rates. We studied interruption rates in private carrier-insured and Medicare-insured populations versus indigent populations served by a single academic health system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of electronic medical and billing records was performed analyzing treatment interruptions between January 2011 and December 2014...
April 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215804/pyrogenic-carbon-in-australian-soils
#14
Fangjie Qi, Ravi Naidu, Nanthi S Bolan, Zhaomin Dong, Yubo Yan, Dane Lamb, Thomas D Bucheli, Girish Choppala, Luchun Duan, Kirk T Semple
Pyrogenic carbon (PyC), the combustion residues of fossil fuel and biomass, is a versatile soil fraction active in biogeochemical processes. In this study, the chemo-thermal oxidation method (CTO-375) was applied to investigate the content and distribution of PyC in 30 Australian agricultural, pastoral, bushland and parkland soil with various soil types. Soils were sampled incrementally to 50cm in 6 locations and at another 7 locations at 0-10cm. Results showed that PyC in Australian soils typically ranged from 0...
May 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132018/proportion-of-never-smoker-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients-at-three-diverse-institutions
#15
MULTICENTER STUDY
Lorraine Pelosof, Chul Ahn, Ang Gao, Leora Horn, Alejandra Madrigales, Joan Cox, Dauphne McGavic, John D Minna, Adi F Gazdar, Joan Schiller
Background: Approximately 10% to 15% of lung cancer cases in the United States occur in never smokers, but there has been much debate about whether this rate is increasing. To determine whether the proportion of never smokers among lung cancer cases is increasing, we conducted a retrospective study using registries from The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Parkland Hospital, and Vanderbilt University. Methods: Registries were queried for demographic information from 1990 to 2013 including sex, age, stage, and self-reported smoking history...
January 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131936/ndvi-scale-invariance-and-the-modifiable-areal-unit-problem-an-assessment-of-vegetation-in-the-adelaide-parklands
#16
Hamideh Nouri, Sharolyn Anderson, Paul Sutton, Simon Beecham, Pamela Nagler, Christopher J Jarchow, Dar A Roberts
This research addresses the question as to whether or not the Normalised Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) is scale invariant (i.e. constant over spatial aggregation) for pure pixels of urban vegetation. It has been long recognized that there are issues related to the modifiable areal unit problem (MAUP) pertaining to indices such as NDVI and images at varying spatial resolutions. These issues are relevant to using NDVI values in spatial analyses. We compare two different methods of calculation of a mean NDVI: 1) using pixel values of NDVI within feature/object boundaries and 2) first calculating the mean red and mean near-infrared across all feature pixels and then calculating NDVI...
April 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103993/-effects-of-hypertonic-sodium-saline-resuscitation-on-the-liver-damage-of-rats-at-early-stage-of-severe-scald
#17
J P Zhou, Z Gao, Y X Sun, X L Chen, X S Wu, F Wang
Objective: To explore the effects of hypertonic sodium saline (HSS) resuscitation on the liver damage of rats at early stage of severe scald. Methods: Fifty-six SD rats were divided into sham injury group (SI, n=8), lactated Ringer's solution group (LRS, n=24), and group HSS (n=24) according to the random number table. Rats in group SI were sham injured without resuscitation, while rats in the other two groups were reproduced deep partial-thickness to full-thickness scald model with 30% total body surface area on the back...
January 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045780/cardiovascular-responsiveness-to-vasopressin-and-%C3%AE-1-adrenergic-receptor-agonists-after-burn-injury
#18
Ann E Evans, P Geoff Vana, Heather M LaPorte, Richard H Kennedy, Richard L Gamelli, Matthias Majetschak
The effects of burn injury on cardiovascular responsiveness to vasoactive agents are not well understood. The aims of this study were to determine whether burn injury alters cardiovascular reactivity to vasoactive drugs in vivo and intrinsic function of isolated mesenteric resistance arteries. Anesthetized Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to sham procedure or 30% TBSA dorsal scald burn, followed by crystalloid resuscitation (Parkland Formula). At 24, 72, 96, and 168 hours post burn, rats were reanesthetized, and the mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) responses to various doses of the α1-adrenergic receptor agonist phenylephrine and arginine vasopressin were tested...
March 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894390/-effects-of-different-fluid-resuscitation-program-on-renal-function-in-swine-during-shock-stage-of-severe-burn
#19
G L Su, W X Huang, J Chen, D J Xue, J J Zhou
Objective: To explore the effects of different fluid resuscitation program on renal function in swine during shock stage of severe burn. Methods: Twenty-four Guangxi Bama miniature swine were inflicted with 40% total body surface area on the back, and then they were divided into four groups according to the random number table, with 6 swine in each group. At post injury hour (PIH) 2, swine in succinylated gelatin group (S), hydroxyethyl starch group (H), and allogeneic plasma group (A) were respectively resuscitated with succinylated gelatin, hydroxyethyl starch 130/0...
November 20, 2016: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857652/evaluation-of-who-oral-rehydration-solution-ors-and-salt-tablets-in-resuscitating-adult-patients-with-burns-covering-more-than-15-of-total-body-surface-area-tbsa
#20
A M Moghazy, O A Adly, M A Elbadawy, R E Hashem
Intra-venous (IV) burn resuscitation is effective; nevertheless it has its disadvantages. WHO Oral Rehydration Solution (ORS) has shown high effectiveness in treating dehydration. WHO-ORS, with salt supplement, seems to be suitable for burn resuscitation, where IV resuscitation is not available, feasible or possible. The objective of the study was to evaluate acute phase efficacy and safety, as well as limitations and complications of burn resuscitation using WHO-ORS and salt tablets. This randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted in the Burn Unit, Suez Canal University Hospital, Ismailia, Egypt...
March 31, 2016: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
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