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Jadera haematoloma

Meghan M Fawcett, Mary C Parks, Alice E Tibbetts, Jane S Swart, Elizabeth M Richards, Juan Camilo Vanegas, Meredith Cenzer, Laura Crowley, William R Simmons, Wenzhen Stacey Hou, David R Angelini
Plasticity, the capacity of an organism to respond to its environment, is thought to evolve through changes in development altering the integration of environmental cues. In polyphenism, a discontinuous plastic response produces two or more phenotypic morphs. Here we describe evolutionary change in wing polyphenism and its underlying developmental regulation in natural populations of the red-shouldered soapberry bug, Jadera haematoloma (Insecta: Hemiptera: Rhopalidae) that have adapted to a novel host plant...
April 27, 2018: Nature Communications
Meredith L Cenzer
Natural selection can produce local adaptation, but local adaptation can be masked by maladaptive plasticity. Maladaptive plasticity may arise as a result of gene flow producing novel gene combinations that have not been exposed to selection. In the 1980s, populations of the red-shouldered soapberry bug (Jadera haematoloma) were locally adapted to feed on the seeds of a native host plant and an introduced host plant; by 2014, local differentiation in beak length had been lost, likely as a consequence of increased gene flow...
October 2017: American Naturalist
Meredith L Cenzer
Locally adapted populations are often used as model systems for the early stages of ecological speciation, but most of these young divergent populations will never become complete species. The maintenance of local adaptation relies on the strength of natural selection overwhelming the homogenizing effects of gene flow; however, this balance may be readily upset in changing environments. Here I show that soapberry bugs (Jadera haematoloma) have lost adaptations to their native host plant (Cardiospermum corindum) and are regionally specializing on an invasive host (Koelreuteria elegans), collapsing a classic and well-documented example of local adaptation...
October 2016: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
Y Yu, Jose A Andrés
Biological invasions can result in new selection pressures driven by the establishment of new biotic interactions. The response of exotic and native species to selection depends critically on the genetic architecture of ecologically relevant traits. In the Florida peninsula, the soapberry bug (Jadera haematoloma) has colonized the recently introduced Chinese flametree, Koelreuteria elegans, as a host plant. Driven by feeding efficiency, the populations associated with this new host have differentiated into a new bug ecomorph characterized by short beaks more appropriate for feeding on the flattened pods of the Chinese flametree...
February 2014: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
J R Aldrich, S P Carroll, W R Lusby, M J Thompson, J P Kochansky, R M Waters
Scentless plant bugs (Heteroptera: Rhopalidae) are so named because adults of the Serinethinae have vestigial metathoracic scent glands. Serinethines are seed predators of Sapindales, especially Sapindaceae that produce toxic cyanolipids. In two serinethine species whose ranges extend into the southern United States,Jadera haematoloma andJ. sanguinolenta, sequestration of host cyanolipids as glucosides renders these gregarious, aposematic insects unpalatable to a variety of predators. The blood glucoside profile and cyanogenesis ofJadera varies depending on the cyanolipid chemistry of hosts, and adults and larvae fed golden rain tree seeds (Koelreuteria paniculata) excrete the volatile lactone, 4-methyl-2(5H)-furanone, to which they are attracted...
January 1990: Journal of Chemical Ecology
Jing-Fu Tsai, Yi-Xuan Hsieh, Dávid Rédei
The soapberry bug, Jadera haematoloma (Herrich-Schäffer, 1847) (Insecta: Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Rhopalidae: Serinethinae), a species native in tropical and subtropical regions of the New World and accidentally introduced to Hawaii, is reported for the first time from Asia (Taiwan). This record represents the first occurrence of the species in Asia. Stable populations composed of hundreds of specimens were found in seven localities of Kaohsiung City and one locality in Tainan City, and a single specimen was observed in Chiayi County...
2013: ZooKeys
H Dingle, S P Carroll, T R Famula
Little is known about the influence of genetic architecture on local adaptation. We investigated the genetic architecture of the rapid contemporary evolution of mouthparts, the flight polymorphism and life history traits in the soapberry bug Jadera haematoloma (Hemiptera) using laboratory selection. The mouthparts of these seed-feeding bugs have adapted in 40-50 years by decreasing in length following novel natural selection induced by a host switch to the seeds of an introduced tree with smaller fruits than those of the native host vine...
October 2009: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
S P Carroll, H Dingle, T R Famula, C W Fox
To explore genetic architecture and adaptive evolution, we conducted environmental and genetic experiments with two recently (ca. 100 generations) diverged, geographically adjacent races of the soapberry bug. One race occurs on a native host plant species, the other on an introduced host. We focused on three traits: length of the mouthparts, body size and development time. The first experiment was an environmental manipulation, comparing individuals of each population reared on one or the other host species ('cross-rearing') and estimating three evolutionary rates for each trait...
2001: Genetica
Winchell, Dingle, Moyes
Wing-polymorphic insects are excellent models for asking questions about trade-offs in physiology and life-history because of the existence of multiple morphs exhibiting numerous strategies living in one environment. We measured activities of select key enzymes in oxidative metabolism (citrate synthase), glycolysis (hexokinase, pyruvate kinase) and fatty acid oxidation (ß-hydroxyacyl CoA dehydrogenase, HOAD) in flying and non-flying long-winged bugs from two populations (ancestral and derived) of the wing-polymorphic soapberry bug (Jadera haematoloma)...
October 1, 2000: Journal of Insect Physiology
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