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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152156/revisiting-the-linkage-between-ethnomedical-use-and-development-of-new-medicines-a-novel-plant-collection-strategy-towards-the-discovery-of-anticancer-agents
#1
Joshua M Henkin, Kongmany Sydara, Mouachanh Xayvue, Onevilay Souliya, A Douglas Kinghorn, Joanna E Burdette, Wei-Lun Chen, Bethany G Elkington, Djaja D Soejarto
The Vietnam-Laos International Cooperative Biodiversity Group (ICBG) based at the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) catalyzed a country-wide network of medicinal plant preserves (MPP) and medicinal biodiversity preserves (MBP) now established in ten provinces of the Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR), which are relied upon as protected sources of ethnomedicines for local villagers and traditional healers. In collaboration with the Lao PDR's Institute of Traditional Medicine (ITM), our ongoing P01 Program Project (Ohio State University) examined the anticancer bioprospecting potential for two of the most exhaustively inventoried of these sites: the Bolikhamxay MPP and the Xiengkhouang MBP...
October 2017: Journal of medicinal plant research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133266/mapping-suicide-mortality-in-ohio-a-spatial-epidemiological-analysis-of-suicide-clusters-and-area-level-correlates
#2
Cynthia A Fontanella, Daniel M Saman, John V Campo, Danielle L Hiance-Steelesmith, Jeffrey Bridge, Helen Anne Sweeney, Elisabeth D Root
Previous studies have investigated spatial patterning and associations of area characteristics with suicide rates in Western and Asian countries, but few have been conducted in the United States. This ecological study aims to identify high-risk clusters of suicide in Ohio and assess area level correlates of these clusters. We estimated spatially smoothed standardized mortality ratios (SMR) using Bayesian conditional autoregressive models (CAR) for the period 2004 to 2013. Spatial and spatio-temporal scan statistics were used to detect high-risk clusters of suicide at the census tract level (N=2952)...
November 10, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129033/infant-safe-sleep-a-survey-of-the-knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviors-of-obstetric-physicians
#3
Nichole L Hodges, Sarah E Anderson, Lara B McKenzie, Mira L Katz
Obstetricians may be a pregnant woman's primary professional source of information about her infant prior to the birth, but infant safe sleep knowledge, attitudes and behaviors of this population are unknown. This study explores obstetric physicians' knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors related to Sudden Infant Death Syndrome and infant safe sleep and identifies barriers as well as enabling and/or reinforcing factors associated with providing infant safe sleep education in the prenatal environment. A cross-sectional survey was conducted with obstetric physicians who provide prenatal healthcare to women in Ohio...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118279/measuring-the-impact-of-cultural-competence-training-for-dental-hygiene-students
#4
Heather N Daugherty, Rachel C Kearney
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to measure the change in levels of knowledge of providing culturally competent care and self-assessed cultural competence of senior level dental hygiene students after the implementation of an online cultural competence training module.Methods: Twenty-eight members of the senior class of 31 dental hygiene students (N=28) volunteered to participate in this IRB approved study at the Ohio State University School of Dentistry. The students took the online Inventory for Assessing the Process of Cultural Competence- Student Version (IAPCC-SV), to assess their self-perceived cultural competence...
October 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096292/prescribing-patterns-of-buprenorphine-waivered-physicians
#5
Cindy Parks Thomas, Erin Doyle, Peter W Kreiner, Christopher M Jones, Joel Dubenitz, Alexis Horan, Bradley D Stein
BACKGROUND: DATA 2000 enabled physicians with approved training to be waivered to prescribe buprenorphine for the treatment of opioid use disorders (OUD) for a limited number of patients. A rule change in 2016 increased the patient limit for certain buprenorphine waivered physicians from 100 to 275. This study examines the prescribing patterns of buprenorphine prescribers by waiver limit status (30- or 100-patient limit). METHODS: Prescription Monitoring Program (PMP) data from Ohio, California, and Maine were used to identify prescriptions for buprenorphine for OUD from January 2010 to April 2015...
October 18, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096144/the-potential-impact-of-aquatic-nuisance-species-on-recreational-fishing-in-the-great-lakes-and-upper-mississippi-and-ohio-river-basins
#6
Richard C Ready, Gregory L Poe, T Bruce Lauber, Nancy A Connelly, Richard C Stedman, Lars G Rudstam
Concern over the potential transfer of aquatic nuisance species (ANS) between the Great Lakes basin and the Upper Mississippi River basin has motivated calls to re-establish hydrologic separation between the two basins. Accomplishing that goal would require significant expenditures to re-engineer waterways in the Chicago, IL area. These costs should be compared to the potential costs resulting from ANS transfer between the basin, a significant portion of which would be costs to recreational fisheries. In this study, a recreational behavior model is developed for sport anglers in an eight-state region...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093136/state-variations-in-infant-feeding-regulations-for-child-care
#7
Sara E Benjamin-Neelon, Sarah Gonzalez-Nahm, Elyse Grossman, Melanie L Davis, Brian Neelon, Anna Ayers Looby, Natasha Frost
OBJECTIVES: Early care and education (ECE) settings have become primary targets for policy change in recent years. In our 2008 study, we assessed state and regional variation in infant feeding regulations for ECE and compared them to national standards. We conducted the same regulatory review to assess change over time. Because all but 2 states have updated their regulations, we hypothesized that states would have made substantial improvements in the number of regulations supporting infant feeding in ECE...
November 1, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059407/state-level-support-for-tobacco-21-laws-results-of-a-5-state-survey
#8
Stephanie R Morain, Arthur Garson, Jean L Raphael
Introduction: Legal strategies to raise the minimum age of purchase for tobacco from 18 to 21, known as "Tobacco 21 laws" are a promising means to reduce adolescent tobacco initiation and use. Tobacco 21 laws are enacted at the local and state level, yet prior studies have examined national support. To address this gap, we assessed attitudes of residents in five states toward Tobacco 21 laws, and how attitudes varied by demographic, political, and health status characteristics. Methods: The data are derived from the 2016 Texas Medical Center (TMC) Consumer Health Report, a survey of 5,007 adults from five states: California, Florida, Ohio, New York, and Texas...
September 15, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052975/trends-in-drinking-water-nitrate-violations-across-the-united-states
#9
Michael J Pennino, Jana E Compton, Scott G Leibowitz
Drinking water maximum contaminant levels (MCL) are established by the U.S. EPA to protect human health. Since 1975, U.S. public water suppliers have reported MCL violations to the national Safe Drinking Water Information System (SDWIS). This study assessed temporal and geographic trends for violations of the 10 mg nitrate-N L(-1) MCL in the conterminous U.S. We found that the proportion of systems in violation for nitrate significantly increased from 0.28% to 0.42% of all systems between 1994 and 2009 and then decreased to 0...
November 7, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030328/studying-acute-coronary-syndrome-through-the-world-wide-web-experiences-and-lessons
#10
Angelo A Alonzo
This study details my viewpoint on the experiences, lessons, and assessments of conducting a national study on care-seeking behavior for heart attack in the United States utilizing the World Wide Web. The Yale Heart Study (YHS) was funded by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Grounded on two prior studies, the YHS combined a Web-based interview survey instrument; ads placed on the Internet; flyers and posters in public libraries, senior centers, and rehabilitation centers; information on chat rooms; a viral marketing strategy; and print ads to attract potential participants to share their heart attack experiences...
October 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028367/philip-hillkowitz-the-granddaddy-of-medical-technologists-and-cofounder-of-the-american-society-for-clinical-pathologists-and-the-jewish-consumptives-relief-society
#11
James R Wright, Jeanne Abrams
CONTEXT: - In the early 20th century, the future of hospital-based clinical pathology practice was uncertain and this situation led to the formation of the American Society for Clinical Pathologists in 1922. Philip Hillkowitz and Ward Burdick were its cofounders. No biography of Hillkowitz exists. OBJECTIVE: - To explore the life, beliefs, and accomplishments of Philip Hillkowitz. DESIGN: - Available primary and secondary historical sources were reviewed...
October 13, 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021925/acetazolamide-treatment-of-psychogenic-polydipsia
#12
Syed E Ahmed, Afaque H Khan
We are reporting a case of psychogenic polydipsia from a State of Ohio psychiatric hospital. The patient has a known five-year history of psychogenic polydipsia with recurrent hyponatremia and has been diagnosed with schizoaffective disorder bipolar type 1, according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) criteria, for the past two decades. There was a marked improvement with the use of acetazolamide, resulting in a decreased compulsion to drink fluid and improvement of his hyponatremia...
August 9, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992033/veal-calf-health-on-the-day-of-arrival-at-growers-in-ohio
#13
J Pempek, D Trearchis, M Masterson, G Habing, K Proudfoot
Veal calves are at high risk for disease and mortality in early life. Calves face a number of stressors before arriving at the grower, including long transport times, which may contribute to poor health. Our objectives were to 1) estimate the prevalence of poor health outcomes in veal calves on arrival at growers in Ohio; 2) determine risk factors for health outcomes on arrival, including BW and auction site (spread across 5 states in the Northeastern United States); and 3) determine if health outcomes on arrival predict early mortality...
September 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981486/update-influenza-activity-united-states-and-worldwide-may-21-september-23-2017
#14
Lenee Blanton, David E Wentworth, Noreen Alabi, Eduardo Azziz-Baumgartner, John Barnes, Lynnette Brammer, Erin Burns, C Todd Davis, Vivien G Dugan, Alicia M Fry, Rebecca Garten, Lisa A Grohskopf, Larisa Gubareva, Krista Kniss, Stephen Lindstrom, Desiree Mustaquim, Sonja J Olsen, Katherine Roguski, Calli Taylor, Susan Trock, Xiyan Xu, Jacqueline Katz, Daniel Jernigan
During May 21-September 23, 2017,* the United States experienced low-level seasonal influenza virus activity; however, beginning in early September, CDC received reports of a small number of localized influenza outbreaks caused by influenza A(H3N2) viruses. In addition to influenza A(H3N2) viruses, influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 and influenza B viruses were detected during May-September worldwide and in the United States. Influenza B viruses predominated in the United States from late May through late June, and influenza A viruses predominated beginning in early July...
October 6, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980490/the-prevalence-of-traumatic-brain-injury-comorbid-anxiety-and-other-psychiatric-disorders-in-an-outpatient-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-service
#15
Michelle Albicini, Matthew Eggleston, Audrey McKinlay
BACKGROUND: A history of traumatic brain injury (TBI) is prevalent in children and adolescents within the health system, which may be accompanied with higher rates of poor mental health outcomes including anxiety and other psychiatric disorders. AIMS: To explore rates of TBI and associated anxiety and other psychiatric diagnoses in children and adolescents aged 5-18 years within the mental health system. METHODS: Participants were recruited from an outpatient mental health service in Canterbury, New Zealand...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972542/the-ohio-contrast-cards-visual-performance-in-a-pediatric-low-vision-site
#16
Gregory R Hopkins, Bradley E Dougherty, Angela M Brown
SIGNIFICANCE: This report describes the first clinical use of the Ohio Contrast Cards, a new test that measures the maximum spatial contrast sensitivity of low-vision patients who cannot recognize and identify optotypes and for whom the spatial frequency of maximum contrast sensitivity is unknown. PURPOSE: To compare measurements of the Ohio Contrast Cards to measurements of three other vision tests and a vision-related quality-of-life questionnaire obtained on partially sighted students at Ohio State School for the Blind...
October 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966184/dental-hygiene-students-self-assessment-of-ergonomics-utilizing-photography
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Brian B Partido
Due to postural demands, dental professionals are at high risk for developing work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs). Dental clinicians' lack of ergonomic awareness may impede the clinical application of recommendations to improve their posture. The aim of this study was to determine whether feedback involving photography and self-assessment would improve dental hygiene students' ergonomic scores and accuracy of their ergonomic self-assessments. The study involved a randomized control design and used a convenience sample of all 32 junior-year dental hygiene students enrolled in the autumn 2016 term in The Ohio State University baccalaureate dental hygiene program...
October 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953071/applying-machine-learning-to-workers-compensation-data-to-identify-industry-specific-ergonomic-and-safety-prevention-priorities-ohio-2001-to-2011
#18
Alysha R Meyers, Ibraheem S Al-Tarawneh, Steven J Wurzelbacher, P Timothy Bushnell, Michael P Lampl, Jennifer L Bell, Stephen J Bertke, David C Robins, Chih-Yu Tseng, Chia Wei, Jill A Raudabaugh, Teresa M Schnorr
OBJECTIVE: This study leveraged a state workers' compensation claims database and machine learning techniques to target prevention efforts by injury causation and industry. METHODS: Injury causation auto-coding methods were developed to code more than 1.2 million Ohio Bureau of Workers' Compensation claims for this study. Industry groups were ranked for soft-tissue musculoskeletal claims that may have been preventable with biomechanical ergonomic (ERGO) or slip/trip/fall (STF) interventions...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951881/state-level-implementation-of-health-and-safety-policies-to-prevent-sudden-death-and-catastrophic-injuries-within-secondary-school-athletics
#19
William M Adams, Samantha E Scarneo, Douglas J Casa
BACKGROUND: Sudden death and catastrophic injuries during sport can be attenuated with the implementation of evidence-based health and safety policies. However, the extent of the implementation of these policies within secondary school athletics is unknown. PURPOSE: To provide an assessment of the implementation of health and safety policies pertaining to the leading causes of sudden death and catastrophic injuries in sport within secondary school athletics in the United States...
September 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934180/notes-from-the-field-travel-associated-melioidosis-and-resulting-laboratory-exposures-united-states-2016
#20
Patrick K Mitchell, Colin Campbell, Martha P Montgomery, Julie Paoline, Christopher Wilbur, Leah Posivak-Khouly, Kristin Garafalo, Mindy Elrod, Lindy Liu, Andre Weltman
In mid-July 2016, a Pennsylvania resident aged 15 years who had recently returned from Thailand was treated by a pediatrician for sore throat, fever, and bilateral thigh abscesses at the sites of mosquito bites (Figure). She had traveled to northeast Thailand with nine other teens as part of an 18-day service-oriented trip run by an Ohio-based youth tour company that arranges travel to Thailand for approximately 500 persons annually. This trip included construction and agricultural activities and recreational mud exposures...
September 22, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
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