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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902904/infection-with-some-infectious-bursal-disease-virus-pathotypes-produces-virus-in-chicken-muscle-tissue-and-the-role-of-humoral-immunity-as-a-mitigation-strategy
#1
Mariana Sá E Silva, Kateri Bertran, Kira Moresco, Daral J Jackwood, David E Swayne
Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) causes important economic losses and negatively affects global trade in poultry and poultry products. This study determined the presence of IBDV in primary lymphoid tissues and muscle tissue of infected broilers and the role of vaccination as a mitigation strategy. In the first study, specific-pathogen-free (SPF) broiler chickens were challenged with STC (classical [cIBDV]), Indiana (variant [varIBDV]), rA (very virulent [vvIBDV]), or Ohio (serotype 2, avirulent) IBDV...
December 2016: Avian Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899338/high-touch-and-high-tech-ht2-proposal-transforming-patient-engagement-throughout-the-continuum-of-care-by-engaging-patients-with-portal-technology-at-the-bedside
#2
Ann Scheck McAlearney, Cynthia J Sieck, Jennifer L Hefner, Alison M Aldrich, Daniel M Walker, Milisa K Rizer, Susan D Moffatt-Bruce, Timothy R Huerta
BACKGROUND: For patients with complex care needs, engagement in disease management activities is critical. Chronic illnesses touch almost every person in the United States. The costs are real, personal, and pervasive. In response, patients often seek tools to help them manage their health. Patient portals, personal health records tethered to an electronic health record, show promise as tools that patients value and that can improve health. Although patient portals currently focus on the outpatient experience, the Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center (OSUWMC) has deployed a portal designed specifically for the inpatient experience that is connected to the ambulatory patient portal available after discharge...
November 29, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888088/endoscopic-endonasal-management-of-rare-sellar-lesions-clinical-and-surgical-experience-on-78-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
Teresa Somma, Domenico Solari, Andre Beer-Furlan, Lelio Guida, Bradley Otto, Daniel Prevedello, Luigi Maria Cavallo, Ricardo Carrau, Paolo Cappabianca
OBJECTIVE: In the present study we aim to provide further definition of a group of rare sellar pathologies treated by the endoscopic endonasal approach. MATHERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of data obtained from a series of 1729 patients who underwent endoscopic endonasal surgery at two academic institutions (Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Naples, Italy - between January 1997 and December 2013, and The Wexner Medical Center at The Ohio State University - between July 2010 and September 2015)...
November 22, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887664/translating-sickle-cell-guidelines-into-practice-for-primary-care-providers-with-project-echo
#4
Lisa M Shook, Christina B Farrell, Karen A Kalinyak, Stephen C Nelson, Brandon M Hardesty, Angeli G Rampersad, Kay L Saving, Wanda J Whitten-Shurney, Julie A Panepinto, Russell E Ware, Lori E Crosby
BACKGROUND: Approximately 100,000 persons with sickle cell disease (SCD) live in the United States, including 15,000 in the Midwest. Unfortunately, many patients experience poor health outcomes due to limited access to primary care providers (PCPs) who are prepared to deliver evidence-based SCD care. Sickle Treatment and Outcomes Research in the Midwest (STORM) is a regional network established to improve care and outcomes for individuals with SCD living in Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, and Wisconsin...
2016: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886423/an-approach-for-identifying-cryptic-barriers-to-gene-flow-that-limit-species-geographic-ranges
#5
Steven J Micheletti, Andrew Storfer
Species' geographic range limits are most often not demarcated by obvious dispersal barriers. Poor quality habitat at the edge of a species' range can prevent range expansion by preventing outward migration or through reducing adaptive potential resulting from decreased genetic diversity. We identified habitat variables that constrain gene flow across the entire geographic range of an endemic salamander (Ambystoma barbouri) in the eastern United States, and we tested whether increased resistance resulting from these variables provides cryptic dispersal barriers at the range edges...
November 25, 2016: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884729/rationale-and-design-of-the-coronary-artery-calcium-consortium-a-multicenter-cohort-study
#6
Michael J Blaha, Seamus P Whelton, Mahmoud Al Rifai, Zeina A Dardari, Leslee J Shaw, Mouaz H Al-Mallah, Kuni Matsushita, John A Rumberger, Daniel S Berman, Matthew J Budoff, Michael D Miedema, Khurram Nasir
BACKGROUND: Although coronary artery calcium (CAC) has been investigated for over two decades, there is very limited data on the association of CAC with cause of death. The CAC Consortium is a large ongoing multi-center observational cohort of individuals who underwent non-contrast cardiac-gated CAC testing and systematic, prospective, long-term follow-up for mortality with ascertainment of cause of death. METHODS: Four participating institutions from three states within the US (California, Minnesota, and Ohio) have contributed individual-level patient data to the CAC Consortium (spanning years 1991-2010)...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884215/public-perception-of-emergency-medical-services-in-the-united-states
#7
Remle P Crowe, Roger Levine, Severo Rodriguez, Ashley D Larrimore, Ronald G Pirrallo
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the public's experience, expectations, and perceptions related to Emergency Medical Services (EMS). METHODS: A population-based telephone interview of adults in the United States was conducted. The survey instrument consisted of 112 items. Demographic variables including age, race, political beliefs, and household income were collected. Data collection was performed by trained interviewers from Kent State University's (Kent, Ohio USA)Social Research Laboratory...
November 25, 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875581/statistical-models-for-tornado-climatology-long-and-short-term-views
#8
James B Elsner, Thomas H Jagger, Tyler Fricker
This paper estimates regional tornado risk from records of past events using statistical models. First, a spatial model is fit to the tornado counts aggregated in counties with terms that control for changes in observational practices over time. Results provide a long-term view of risk that delineates the main tornado corridors in the United States where the expected annual rate exceeds two tornadoes per 10,000 square km. A few counties in the Texas Panhandle and central Kansas have annual rates that exceed four tornadoes per 10,000 square km...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846397/giving-the-community-a-voice-lessons-learned-from-a-comprehensive-survey-in-an-urban-neighborhood
#9
Tamar Mott Forrest, Dawn M Wallace-Pascoe, Michael D Webb, Howard Goldstein
Weinland Park, an urban neighborhood adjacent to The Ohio State University, has been targeted for revitalization following several decades of disinvestment. The goal of these efforts is to develop holistic solutions that break the cycle of poverty. Such an undertaking requires collecting baseline data to understand community needs, inform programming, and guide revitalization efforts. This paper describes the development and implementation of the Weinland Park Evaluation Project (WPEP) - a collaborative and comprehensive neighborhood survey and needs assessment...
October 31, 2016: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835839/characterisation-of-carbapenem-resistant-enterobacteriaceae-from-the-southwestern-ohio-northern-kentucky-and-southeastern-indiana-region
#10
Joel E Mortensen, Barbara DeBurger, Eleanor A Powell, Jeanna DiFranco-Fisher, Laura Koeth, Scott J Weissman
Although carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) have been recognised worldwide, there are important gaps in regional prevalence data. This study sought to determine the occurrence and type of CRE in the Cincinnati tri-state region. Clinical microbiology laboratories in the region screened patient stool and rectal swab samples using chromogenic screening agar. Isolates of Enterobacteriaceae resistant to carbapenems were characterised using molecular methods. Area institutions screened 1939 patient samples...
December 2016: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799964/demographics-of-hepatitis-c-in-southwest-ohio-2010-to-2015
#11
Jon Woltmann, Patrick Burke, Rebecca Brady, Jason T Blackard
BACKGROUND: Cases of acute hepatitis C virus (HCV) have been rising across the United States, and southwest Ohio is no exception. OBJECTIVES: To describe the rise in cases of HCV in our region, the Ohio Disease Reporting System was reviewed for all cases of positive HCV testing from 2010 through August 2015. METHODS: 29,018 cases were reviewed, with 18,678 (64.4%) cases included in the final analysis. The incidence of newly reported cases of HCV was calculated, and demographic data were reviewed to describe the populations at greatest risk...
August 2016: Hepatitis Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785167/pharmacists-perceptions-of-advancing-public-health-priorities-through-medication-therapy-management
#12
Lucas M Casserlie, Natalie A Dipietro Mager
BACKGROUND: Public health priorities can be addressed by pharmacists through channels such as medication therapy management (MTM) to optimize patient and population outcomes. However, no studies have specifically assessed pharmacists' perceptions of addressing public health priorities through MTM. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess pharmacists' opinions regarding the feasibility and appropriateness of addressing seven areas of public health priority through MTM services to impact public health in direct patient care settings...
July 2016: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783767/moderate-sedation-helps-improve-future-behavior-in-pediatric-dental-patients-a-prospective-study
#13
Denise Espíndola Antunes, Karolline Alves Viana, Paulo Sucasas Costa, Luciane Rezende Costa
There is little evidence on the long-term effects of pharmacological management in children undergoing dental treatment. This study aimed to assess children's behavior in consecutive dental sessions following oral rehabilitation using different pharmacological regimens for behavioral control. Participants were preschoolers who were previously treated for caries under one of the following: no sedative, oral sedation with midazolam, oral sedation with midazolam/ketamine, or general anesthesia. The children's behavior in the follow-up sessions was assessed using the Ohio State University Behavioral Rating Scale (OSUBRS); higher scores represented less cooperative behavior (range 5-20)...
October 24, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783189/understanding-the-relationship-between-sports-relevant-gambling-and-being-at-risk-for-a-gambling-problem-among-american-adolescents
#14
Loredana Marchica, Yaxi Zhao, Jeffrey Derevensky, William Ivoska
Fantasy sports is a growing industry with a reported 56.8 million individuals participating in the United States and Canada alone in 2015. Whereas this activity has attracted considerable public attention, little research has examined its impact on adolescents in spite of their high rates of gambling. The current study examined the relationship between regular participation (more than once a month) in sport-relevant gambling activities among adolescents and those identified as being at-risk for a gambling problem...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776400/effects-of-an-integrated-geriatric-group-balance-class-within-an-entry-level-doctorate-of-physical-therapy-program-on-students-perceptions-of-geriatrics-and-geriatric-education-in-the-united-states
#15
Jennifer C Reneker, Kyra Weems, Vincent Scaia
This study was aimed at determining the effect of an integrated group balance class for community-dwelling older adults within entry-level physical therapist coursework on student perceptions of geriatric physical therapy and geriatric physical therapy education. Twenty-nine Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) students, 21-33 years old, in their second year of coursework in 2012, participated in an integrated clinical experience with exposure to geriatric patients at an outpatient facility at the Louis Stokes Cleveland Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center in Akron, Ohio, USA...
2016: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760215/interspecific-differences-in-metabolic-rate-and-metabolic-temperature-sensitivity-create-distinct-thermal-ecological-niches-in-lizards-plestiodon
#16
Charles M Watson, Warren W Burggren
Three congeneric lizards from the southeastern United States (Plestiodon fasciatus, P. inexpectatus, and P. laticeps) exhibit a unique nested distribution. All three skink species inhabit the US Southeast, but two extend northward to central Ohio (P. fasciatus and P. laticeps) and P. fasciatus extends well into Canada. Distinct interspecific differences in microhabitat selection and behavior are associated with the cooler temperatures of the more Northern ranges. We hypothesized that interspecific differences in metabolic temperature sensitivity locally segregates them across their total range...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755339/institutional-and-seasonal-variations-in-the-incidence-and-causative-organisms-for-post-traumatic-wound-infections-and-osteomyelitis-after-open-fractures
#17
H Claude Sagi, David Donohue, Seth Cooper, David P Barei, Justin Siebler, Michael T Archdeacon, Marcus Sciadini, Michelle Romeo, Patrick F Bergin, Thomas Higgins, Hassan Mir
OBJECTIVES: The current literature focuses on wound severity, time to debridement and antibiotic administration with respect to risk of infection after open fracture. The purpose of this analysis was to determine if either the incidence of post-traumatic infection or causative organism varies with treating institution or the season in which the open fracture occurred. DESIGN: Retrospective review. SETTING: Seven level-one regional referral trauma centers located in each of the seven climatic regions of the continental United States (Northwest; High Plains; Midwest/Ohio Valley; New England/Mid-Atlantic; Southeast; South; and Southwest)...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749109/recommendations-for-developing-contextually-relevant-hiv-aids-prevention-strategies-targeting-african-born-immigrants-and-refugees-in-the-united-states
#18
Caroline Kingori, Camila LeMaster Esquivel, Qorsho Hassan, Abdul Elmi, Bakali Mukasa, Michael Reece
African-born immigrants and refugees have HIV infection rates six times higher than any other minority groups in the United States. Despite the increase in the population size and diversity of Somali immigrants and refugees in the United States, Somalis are one of the medically underserved population subgroups in this region. The lack of aggregate HIV infection rates among African-born immigrants, for example, Somali refugees, is a cause for alarm and calls for more research to be conducted in this subgroup...
October 2016: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27715428/highlight-on-the-dynamic-organisation-of-the-nucleus
#19
Stephen D Thorpe, Myriam Charpentier
The last decade has seen rapid advances in our understanding of the proteins of the nuclear envelope, which have multiple roles including positioning the nucleus, maintaining its structural organisation, and in events ranging from mitosis and meiosis to chromatin positioning and gene expression. Diverse new and stimulating results relating to nuclear organisation and genome function from across kingdoms were presented in a session stream entitled "Dynamic Organisation of the Nucleus" at this year's Society of Experimental Biology (SEB) meeting in Brighton, UK (July 2016)...
October 7, 2016: Nucleus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27705270/a-measles-outbreak-in-an-underimmunized-amish-community-in-ohio
#20
Paul A Gastañaduy, Jeremy Budd, Nicholas Fisher, Susan B Redd, Jackie Fletcher, Julie Miller, Dwight J McFadden, Jennifer Rota, Paul A Rota, Carole Hickman, Brian Fowler, Lilith Tatham, Gregory S Wallace, Sietske de Fijter, Amy Parker Fiebelkorn, Mary DiOrio
Background Although measles was eliminated in the United States in 2000, importations of the virus continue to cause outbreaks. We describe the epidemiologic features of an outbreak of measles that originated from two unvaccinated Amish men in whom measles was incubating at the time of their return to the United States from the Philippines and explore the effect of public health responses on limiting the spread of measles. Methods We performed descriptive analyses of data on demographic characteristics, clinical and laboratory evaluations, and vaccination coverage...
October 6, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
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