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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527741/reeling-in-the-damages-harmful-algal-blooms-impact-on-lake-erie-s-recreational-fishing-industry
#1
David Wolf, Will Georgic, H Allen Klaiber
Lake Erie is one of the most valuable natural resources in the United States, providing billions of dollars in benefits each year to recreationalists, homeowners and local governments. The ecosystem services provided by Lake Erie, however, are under threat due to harmful algal blooms. This paper provides recreational damage estimates using spatially and temporally varying algae measures and monthly fishing permit sales collected between 2011 and 2014. Results indicate that fishing license sales drop between 10% and 13% when algal conditions surpass the World Health's Organization's moderate health risk advisory threshold of 20,000 cyanobacteria cells/mL...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521257/arsenic-in-drinking-water-and-adverse-birth-outcomes-in-ohio
#2
Kirsten S Almberg, Mary E Turyk, Rachael M Jones, Kristin Rankin, Sally Freels, Judith M Graber, Leslie T Stayner
BACKGROUND: Arsenic in drinking water has been associated with adverse reproductive outcomes in areas with high levels of naturally occurring arsenic. Less is known about the reproductive effects of arsenic at lower levels. OBJECTIVES: This research examined the association between low-level arsenic in drinking water and small for gestational age (SGA), term low birth weight (term LBW), very low birth weight (VLBW), preterm birth (PTB), and very preterm birth (VPTB) in the state of Ohio...
May 15, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520707/using-molecular-characterization-to-support-investigations-of-aquatic-facility-associated-outbreaks-of-cryptosporidiosis-alabama-arizona-and-ohio-2016
#3
Michele C Hlavsa, Dawn M Roellig, Matthew H Seabolt, Amy M Kahler, Jennifer L Murphy, Taishayla K McKitt, Evelyn F Geeter, Ron Dawsey, Sherri L Davidson, Thuy N Kim, Theresa H Tucker, Sally Ann Iverson, Brenna Garrett, Nicole Fowle, Jennifer Collins, Gregory Epperson, Scott Zusy, Joli R Weiss, Ken Komatsu, Edwin Rodriguez, J Gage Patterson, Rebecca Sunenshine, Brandi Taylor, Katie Cibulskas, Lynn Denny, Keoni Omura, Boris Tsorin, Kathleen E Fullerton, Lihua Xiao
Cryptosporidiosis is a nationally notifiable gastrointestinal illness caused by parasitic protozoa of the genus Cryptosporidium, which can cause profuse, watery diarrhea that can last up to 2-3 weeks in immunocompetent patients and can lead to life-threatening wasting and malabsorption in immunocompromised patients. Fecal-oral transmission of Cryptosporidium oocysts, the parasite's infectious life stage, occurs via ingestion of contaminated recreational water, drinking water, or food, or following contact with infected persons or animals, particularly preweaned bovine calves (1)...
May 19, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520684/pediatric-trauma-undertriage-in-ohio
#4
Juan P Gurria, Lynn Haas, Misty Troutt, Suzanne Moody, Md Monir Hossain, Mohammad Alfrad Nobel Bhuiyan, Richard A Falcone
BACKGROUND: Appropriate and timely triage is an essential component of a trauma system. In the state of Ohio, there are 6 verified pediatric trauma centers (PTCs) across 8 state regions. The purpose of this study was to better understand the pediatric undertriage rates in the state. METHODS: We used the Ohio Trauma Registry from 2007 to 2012, consisting of 14,045 records of children younger than 16 years admitted to a hospital for more than 48 hours or who sustained a traumatic death...
June 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481595/steven-reiss-1947-2016
#5
Richard J McNally
This article memorializes Steven Reiss (1947-2016), an eminent clinical psychologist. He was professor emeritus of psychology and psychiatry at the Ohio State University. Reiss has made major contributions to three areas of psychology. He formulated the concept of anxiety sensitivity, an individual difference variable signifying a person's proneness to respond fearfully to bodily sensations that accompany anxiety. He was the key developer of the Anxiety Sensitivity Index (ASI), a self-report measure of the fear of anxiety sensations translated into more than 20 languages...
May 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480261/geographic-expansion-of-lyme-disease-in-michigan-2000-2014
#6
Paul M Lantos, Jean Tsao, Lise E Nigrovic, Paul G Auwaerter, Vance G Fowler, Felicia Ruffin, Erik Foster, Graham Hickling
BACKGROUND: Most Lyme disease cases in the Midwestern United States are reported in Minnesota and Wisconsin. In recent years, however, a widening geographic extent of Lyme disease has been noted with evidence of expansion eastwards into Michigan and neighboring states with historically low incidence rates. METHODS: We collected confirmed and probable cases of Lyme disease from 2000 through 2014 from the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services, entering them in a geographic information system...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473741/fine-particulate-matter-and-total-mortality-in-cancer-prevention-study-cohort-reanalysis
#7
James E Enstrom
BACKGROUND: In 1997 the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) established the National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) for fine particulate matter (PM2.5), largely because of its positive relationship to total mortality in the 1982 American Cancer Society Cancer Prevention Study (CPS II) cohort. Subsequently, EPA has used this relationship as the primary justification for many costly regulations, most recently the Clean Power Plan. An independent analysis of the CPS II data was conducted in order to test the validity of this relationship...
January 2017: Dose-response: a Publication of International Hormesis Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461351/passive-enrollment-of-dual-eligible-beneficiaries-into-medicare-and-medicaid-managed-care-has-not-met-expectations
#8
David C Grabowski, Nina R Joyce, Thomas G McGuire, Richard G Frank
The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Financial Alignment Initiative represents the largest effort to date to move beneficiaries who are eligible for both Medicare and Medicaid-known as dual eligibles-into a coordinated care model by the use of passive (automatic) enrollment. Thirteen states are testing integrated payment and delivery demonstration programs in which an estimated 1.3 million dual eligibles are qualified to participate. As of October 2016, passive enrollment had brought over 300,000 dual eligibles into nine capitated programs in eight states...
May 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456133/variants-at-the-oca2-herc2-locus-affect-time-to-first-cutaneous-squamous-cell-carcinoma-in-solid-organ-transplant-recipients-collected-using-two-different-study-designs
#9
L Wei, D C Allain, M N Bernhardt, J L Gillespie, S B Peters, O H Iwenofu, H H Nelson, S T Arron, A E Toland
BACKGROUND: Variants at the Oculocutaneous albinism 2 (OCA2)/ HECT and RLD Domain Containing E3 Ubiquitin Protein Ligase 2 (HERC2) locus have been associated with pigmentation phenotypes as well as risk of developing multiple types of skin cancer. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to evaluate OCA2/HERC2 locus variants for impact on time to develop cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) in organ transplant recipients (OTRs) who are at elevated risk of developing cSCC...
April 29, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446159/the-quality-of-medicaid-and-medicare-data-obtained-from-cms-and-its-contractors-implications-for-pharmacoepidemiology
#10
Charles E Leonard, Colleen M Brensinger, Young Hee Nam, Warren B Bilker, Geralyn M Barosso, Margaret J Mangaali, Sean Hennessy
BACKGROUND: Administrative claims of United States Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) beneficiaries have long been used in non-experimental research. While CMS performs in-house checks of these claims, little is known of their quality for conducting pharmacoepidemiologic research. We performed exploratory analyses of the quality of Medicaid and Medicare data obtained from CMS and its contractors. METHODS: Our study population consisted of Medicaid beneficiaries (with and without dual coverage by Medicare) from California, Florida, New York, Ohio, and Pennsylvania...
April 26, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432891/modification-of-an-existing-in%C3%A2-vitro-method-to-predict-relative-bioavailable-arsenic-in-soils
#11
Shane Whitacre, Nicholas Basta, Brooke Stevens, Valerie Hanley, Richard Anderson, Kirk Scheckel
The soil matrix can sequester arsenic (As) and reduces its exposure by soil ingestion. In vivo dosing studies and in vitro gastrointestinal (IVG) methods have been used to predict relative bioavailable (RBA) As. Originally, the Ohio State University (OSU-IVG) method predicted RBA As for soils exclusively from mining and smelting sites with a median of 5,636 mg As kg(-1). The objectives of the current study were to (i) evaluate the ability of the OSU-IVG method to predict RBA As for As contaminated soils with a wider range of As content and As contaminant sources, and (ii) evaluate a modified extraction procedure's ability to improve prediction of RBA As...
April 3, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430384/pharmacokinetics-of-concentrated-naloxone-nasal-spray-over-first-30%C3%A2-minutes-post-dosing-analysis-of-suitability-for-opioid-overdose-reversal
#12
Gill Mundin, Rebecca McDonald, Kevin Smith, Stephen Harris, John Strang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Lack of non-injectable naloxone formulations has impeded widespread take-home provision for the prevention of heroin/opioid overdose deaths. For non-injectable formulations that are finally being investigated, rapid onset of action and sufficient bioavailability will be vital. We present analysis of data from a study of concentrated naloxone nasal spray formulations. Our aims are: to assess 1) pharmacokinetic properties and 2) suitability for overdose reversal in terms of naloxone absorption within 30 minutes post-dosing...
April 21, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426315/medicaid-expansion-and-aca-repeal-evidence-from-ohio
#13
Eric E Seiber, Micah L Berman
OBJECTIVES: To examine the health insurance coverage options for Medicaid expansion enrollees if the Affordable Care Act (ACA) is repealed, using evidence from Ohio, where more than half a million adults have enrolled in the state's Medicaid program through the ACA expansion. METHODS: The Ohio Medicaid Assessment Survey interviewed 42 000 households in 2015. We report data from a unique battery of questions designed to identify insurance coverage immediately prior to Medicaid enrollment...
June 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422900/the-association-between-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-perceptions-of-deployment-related-injury-in-veterans-with-and-without-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#14
Nazanin H Bahraini, Lindsey L Monteith, Holly R Gerber, Jeri E Forster, Trisha A Hostetter, Lisa A Brenner
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether the association between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and injury perceptions (ie, consequences, emotional representations, and coherence) differs for Veterans with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) compared with Veterans with non-TBI (ie, orthopedic). PARTICIPANTS: Eighty Veterans injured during post-9/11 deployments. DESIGN: Observational, 2×2 factorial design. MAIN MEASURES: Injury histories ascertained using the Ohio State University TBI-Identification Method and Deployment Injury Questionnaire; Injury Perception Questionnaire-Revised (injury perceptions); Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (PTSD diagnosis); and PTSD Symptom Checklist-Civilian Version (PTSD symptoms)...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411011/managerial-skills-of-new-practitioner-pharmacists-within-community-practice
#15
Cortney M Mospan, Kristin A Casper, Ashley Coleman, Kyle Porter
OBJECTIVES: To identify managerial skills required in community pharmacy practice, explore new practitioners' previous exposure to these skills, and assess new practitioners' perceived preparedness to take on managerial responsibilities. METHODS: A survey was developed with the use of Qualtrics and distributed by state pharmacy associations using a convenience sample of pharmacists from Iowa, Kentucky, Michigan, Ohio, and Pennsylvania. Pharmacists not practicing in a community pharmacy setting at the time of the study were excluded...
April 12, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380606/amino-acid-digestibility-in-soybean-meal-sourced-from-different-regions-of-the-united-states-and-fed-to-pigs
#16
K M Sotak-Peper, J C González-Vega, H H Stein
An experiment was conducted to determine the apparent ileal digestibility (AID) and the standardized ileal digestibility (SID) by growing pigs of AA in soybean meal (SBM) produced in different regions of the United States. Twenty-two growing barrows (25.5 ± 1.73 kg) were fitted with a T-cannula near the distal ileum and allotted to a 22 × 8 Youden square design. Twenty-two sources of SBM were procured from soybean crushing plants located throughout the United States. For analysis, the crushing plant locations were separated into the following 3 zones: 1) Michigan, Minnesota, and South Dakota ( = 4); 2) Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio ( = 11); and 3) Iowa, Missouri, and Nebraska ( = 7)...
February 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379349/enterovirus-d68-infection-among-children-with-medically-attended-acute-respiratory-illness-cincinnati-ohio-july%C3%A2-october-2014
#17
Holly M Biggs, Monica McNeal, W Allan Nix, Carolyn Kercsmar, Aaron T Curns, Beverly Connelly, Marilyn Rice, Shur-Wern Wang Chern, Mila M Prill, Nancy Back, M Steven Oberste, Susan I Gerber, Mary A Staat
Background: Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) caused a widespread outbreak of respiratory illness in the United States in 2014, predominantly affecting children. We describe EV-D68 rates, spectrum of illness and risk factors from prospective, population-based acute respiratory illness (ARI) surveillance at a large U.S. pediatric hospital. Methods: Children <13 years of age with ARI and residence in Hamilton County, Ohio were enrolled from the inpatient and emergency department (ED) settings at a children's hospital in Cincinnati, Ohio, from July 1-October 31, 2014...
April 4, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373547/emergence-of-a-new-neisseria-meningitidis-clonal-complex-11-lineage-11-2-clade-as-an-effective-urogenital-pathogen
#18
Yih-Ling Tzeng, Jose A Bazan, Abigail Norris Turner, Xin Wang, Adam C Retchless, Timothy D Read, Evelyn Toh, David E Nelson, Carlos Del Rio, David S Stephens
Neisseria meningitidis (Nm) clonal complex 11 (cc11) lineage is a hypervirulent pathogen responsible for outbreaks of invasive meningococcal disease, including among men who have sex with men, and is increasingly associated with urogenital infections. Recently, clusters of Nm urethritis have emerged primarily among heterosexual males in the United States. We determined that nonencapsulated meningococcal isolates from an ongoing Nm urethritis outbreak among epidemiologically unrelated men in Columbus, Ohio, are linked to increased Nm urethritis cases in multiple US cities, including Atlanta and Indianapolis, and that they form a unique clade (the US Nm urethritis clade, US_NmUC)...
April 18, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370883/the-impact-of-the-affordable-care-act-on-hospital-led-community-health-evaluation-in-the-u-s-appalachian-ohio-region
#19
Berkeley Franz, Daniel Skinner, Kelly Kelleher
In recent years, policy developments in the United States have dramatically changed how nonprofit hospitals interact with surrounding communities. However, despite the importance of these changes encoded in Internal Revenue Service regulations, little is known about how these requirements have affected how nonprofit hospitals are approaching community health evaluation. We present qualitative findings from interviews with hospital employees and consultants overseeing preliminary rounds of community health needs assessments, as required by the Affordable Care Act...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363818/ancient-dna-analysis-of-the-extinct-north-american-flat-headed-peccary-platygonus-compressus
#20
Tahlia Perry, Ayla L van Loenen, Holly Heiniger, Carol Lee, Jaime Gongora, Alan Cooper, Kieren J Mitchell
The geographical range of extant peccaries extends from the southwestern United States through Central America and into northern Argentina. However, from the Miocene until the Pleistocene now-extinct peccary species inhabited the entirety of North America. Relationships among the living and extinct species have long been contentious. Similarly, how and when peccaries moved from North to South America is unclear. The North American flat-headed peccary (Platygonus compressus) became extinct at the end of the Pleistocene and is one of the most abundant subfossil taxa found in North America, yet despite this extensive fossil record its phylogenetic position has not been resolved...
March 28, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
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