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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432891/modification-of-an-existing-in%C3%A2-vitro-method-to-predict-relative-bioavailable-arsenic-in-soils
#1
Shane Whitacre, Nicholas Basta, Brooke Stevens, Valerie Hanley, Richard Anderson, Kirk Scheckel
The soil matrix can sequester arsenic (As) and reduces its exposure by soil ingestion. In vivo dosing studies and in vitro gastrointestinal (IVG) methods have been used to predict relative bioavailable (RBA) As. Originally, the Ohio State University (OSU-IVG) method predicted RBA As for soils exclusively from mining and smelting sites with a median of 5,636 mg As kg(-1). The objectives of the current study were to (i) evaluate the ability of the OSU-IVG method to predict RBA As for As contaminated soils with a wider range of As content and As contaminant sources, and (ii) evaluate a modified extraction procedure's ability to improve prediction of RBA As...
April 3, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430384/pharmacokinetics-of-concentrated-naloxone-nasal-spray-over-first-30%C3%A2-minutes-post-dosing-analysis-of-suitability-for-opioid-overdose-reversal
#2
Gill Mundin, Rebecca McDonald, Kevin Smith, Stephen Harris, John Strang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Lack of non-injectable naloxone formulations has impeded widespread take-home provision for the prevention of heroin/opioid overdose deaths. For non-injectable formulations that are finally being investigated, rapid onset of action and sufficient bioavailability will be vital. We present analysis of data from a study of concentrated naloxone nasal spray formulations. Our aims are: to assess 1) pharmacokinetic properties and 2) suitability for overdose reversal in terms of naloxone absorption within 30 minutes post-dosing...
April 21, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426315/medicaid-expansion-and-aca-repeal-evidence-from-ohio
#3
Eric E Seiber, Micah L Berman
OBJECTIVES: To examine the health insurance coverage options for Medicaid expansion enrollees if the Affordable Care Act (ACA) is repealed, using evidence from Ohio, where more than half a million adults have enrolled in the state's Medicaid program through the ACA expansion. METHODS: The Ohio Medicaid Assessment Survey interviewed 42 000 households in 2015. We report data from a unique battery of questions designed to identify insurance coverage immediately prior to Medicaid enrollment...
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422900/the-association-between-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-perceptions-of-deployment-related-injury-in-veterans-with-and-without-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#4
Nazanin H Bahraini, Lindsey L Monteith, Holly R Gerber, Jeri E Forster, Trisha A Hostetter, Lisa A Brenner
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether the association between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and injury perceptions (ie, consequences, emotional representations, and coherence) differs for Veterans with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) compared with Veterans with non-TBI (ie, orthopedic). PARTICIPANTS: Eighty Veterans injured during post-9/11 deployments. DESIGN: Observational, 2×2 factorial design. MAIN MEASURES: Injury histories ascertained using the Ohio State University TBI-Identification Method and Deployment Injury Questionnaire; Injury Perception Questionnaire-Revised (injury perceptions); Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (PTSD diagnosis); and PTSD Symptom Checklist-Civilian Version (PTSD symptoms)...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411011/managerial-skills-of-new-practitioner-pharmacists-within-community-practice
#5
Cortney M Mospan, Kristin A Casper, Ashley Coleman, Kyle Porter
OBJECTIVES: To identify managerial skills required in community pharmacy practice, explore new practitioners' previous exposure to these skills, and assess new practitioners' perceived preparedness to take on managerial responsibilities. METHODS: A survey was developed with the use of Qualtrics and distributed by state pharmacy associations using a convenience sample of pharmacists from Iowa, Kentucky, Michigan, Ohio, and Pennsylvania. Pharmacists not practicing in a community pharmacy setting at the time of the study were excluded...
April 12, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380606/amino-acid-digestibility-in-soybean-meal-sourced-from-different-regions-of-the-united-states-and-fed-to-pigs
#6
K M Sotak-Peper, J C González-Vega, H H Stein
An experiment was conducted to determine the apparent ileal digestibility (AID) and the standardized ileal digestibility (SID) by growing pigs of AA in soybean meal (SBM) produced in different regions of the United States. Twenty-two growing barrows (25.5 ± 1.73 kg) were fitted with a T-cannula near the distal ileum and allotted to a 22 × 8 Youden square design. Twenty-two sources of SBM were procured from soybean crushing plants located throughout the United States. For analysis, the crushing plant locations were separated into the following 3 zones: 1) Michigan, Minnesota, and South Dakota ( = 4); 2) Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio ( = 11); and 3) Iowa, Missouri, and Nebraska ( = 7)...
February 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379349/enterovirus-d68-infection-among-children-with-medically-attended-acute-respiratory-illness-cincinnati-ohio-july%C3%A2-october-2014
#7
Holly M Biggs, Monica McNeal, W Allan Nix, Carolyn Kercsmar, Aaron T Curns, Beverly Connelly, Marilyn Rice, Shur-Wern Wang Chern, Mila M Prill, Nancy Back, M Steven Oberste, Susan I Gerber, Mary A Staat
Background: Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) caused a widespread outbreak of respiratory illness in the United States in 2014, predominantly affecting children. We describe EV-D68 rates, spectrum of illness and risk factors from prospective, population-based acute respiratory illness (ARI) surveillance at a large U.S. pediatric hospital. Methods: Children <13 years of age with ARI and residence in Hamilton County, Ohio were enrolled from the inpatient and emergency department (ED) settings at a children's hospital in Cincinnati, Ohio, from July 1-October 31, 2014...
April 4, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373547/emergence-of-a-new-neisseria-meningitidis-clonal-complex-11-lineage-11-2-clade-as-an-effective-urogenital-pathogen
#8
Yih-Ling Tzeng, Jose A Bazan, Abigail Norris Turner, Xin Wang, Adam C Retchless, Timothy D Read, Evelyn Toh, David E Nelson, Carlos Del Rio, David S Stephens
Neisseria meningitidis (Nm) clonal complex 11 (cc11) lineage is a hypervirulent pathogen responsible for outbreaks of invasive meningococcal disease, including among men who have sex with men, and is increasingly associated with urogenital infections. Recently, clusters of Nm urethritis have emerged primarily among heterosexual males in the United States. We determined that nonencapsulated meningococcal isolates from an ongoing Nm urethritis outbreak among epidemiologically unrelated men in Columbus, Ohio, are linked to increased Nm urethritis cases in multiple US cities, including Atlanta and Indianapolis, and that they form a unique clade (the US Nm urethritis clade, US_NmUC)...
April 3, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370883/the-impact-of-the-affordable-care-act-on-hospital-led-community-health-evaluation-in-the-u-s-appalachian-ohio-region
#9
Berkeley Franz, Daniel Skinner, Kelly Kelleher
In recent years, policy developments in the United States have dramatically changed how nonprofit hospitals interact with surrounding communities. However, despite the importance of these changes encoded in Internal Revenue Service regulations, little is known about how these requirements have affected how nonprofit hospitals are approaching community health evaluation. We present qualitative findings from interviews with hospital employees and consultants overseeing preliminary rounds of community health needs assessments, as required by the Affordable Care Act...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363818/ancient-dna-analysis-of-the-extinct-north-american-flat-headed-peccary-platygonus-compressus
#10
Tahlia Perry, Ayla L van Loenen, Holly Heiniger, Carol Lee, Jaime Gongora, Alan Cooper, Kieren J Mitchell
The geographical range of extant peccaries extends from the southwestern United States through Central America and into northern Argentina. However, from the Miocene until the Pleistocene now-extinct peccary species inhabited the entirety of North America. Relationships among the living and extinct species have long been contentious. Similarly, how and when peccaries moved from North to South America is unclear. The North American flat-headed peccary (Platygonus compressus) became extinct at the end of the Pleistocene and is one of the most abundant subfossil taxa found in North America, yet despite this extensive fossil record its phylogenetic position has not been resolved...
March 28, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339965/opioid-prescriptions-by-specialty-in-ohio-2010-2014
#11
Scott G Weiner, Olesya Baker, Ann F Rodgers, Chad Garner, Lewis S Nelson, Peter W Kreiner, Jeremiah D Schuur
Background. : The current US opioid epidemic is attributed to the large volume of prescribed opioids. This study analyzed the contribution of different medical specialties to overall opioids by evaluating the pill counts and morphine milligram equivalents (MMEs) of opioid prescriptions, stratified by provider specialty, and determined temporal trends. Methods. : This was an analysis of the Ohio prescription drug monitoring program database, which captures scheduled medication prescriptions filled in the state as well as prescriber specialty...
March 6, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336137/an-ultra-sensitive-method-for-the-analysis-of-perfluorinated-alkyl-acids-in-drinking-water-using-a-column-switching-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#12
Kavitha Dasu, Shoji F Nakayama, Mitsuha Yoshikane, Marc A Mills, J Michael Wright, Shelley Ehrlich
In epidemiological research, it has become increasingly important to assess subjects' exposure to different classes of chemicals in multiple environmental media. It is a common practice to aliquot limited volumes of samples into smaller quantities for specific trace level chemical analyses. A novel method was developed for the determination of 14 perfluorinated alkyl acids (PFAAs) in small volumes (10mL) of drinking water using off-line solid phase extraction (SPE) pre-treatment followed by on-line pre-concentration on a WAX column before analysis on column-switching high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS)...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329895/using-a-state-birth-registry-as-a-quality-improvement-tool
#13
Carole Lannon, Heather C Kaplan, Kelly Friar, Sandra Fuller, Susan Ford, Beth White, John Besl, John Paulson, Michael Marcotte, Michael Krew, Jennifer Bailit, Jay Iams
Background Birth registry data are universally collected, generating large administrative datasets. However, these data are typically not used for quality improvement (QI) initiatives in perinatal medicine because the quality and timeliness of the information is uncertain. Objective We sought to identify and address causes of inaccuracy in recording birth registry information so that birth registry data could support statewide obstetrical quality initiatives in Ohio. Study Design The Ohio Perinatal Quality Collaborative and the Ohio Department of Health Vital Statistics used QI techniques in 15 medium-sized maternity hospitals to identify and remove systemic sources of inaccuracy in birth registry data...
March 22, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329626/associations-between-indoor-tanning-and-risky-health-related-behaviors-among-high-school-students-in-the-united-states
#14
Stephanie Chapman, Kurt Ashack, Eric Bell, Myra Ann Sendelweck, Robert Dellavalle
Understanding of the associations between indoor tanning and risky health related behaviors such as sexual activity and substance abuse among adolescents across the United States is incomplete. The purpose of this study is to identify risky health related behaviors among high school students utilizing indoor tanning according to region. We analyzed the results from surveys of adolescents in 14 different states administered as part of the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) 2013. Data were collected and analyzed over a 4-month period from January 2016 to April 2016...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328672/pediatric-trauma-under-triage-in-ohio
#15
Juan P Gurria, Lynn Haas, Md Monir Hossain, Mohammad Alfrad Nobel Bhuiyan, Misty Troutt, Suzanne Moody, Richard A Falcone
BACKGROUND: Appropriate and timely triage is an essential component of a trauma system. In the state of Ohio there are 6 verified pediatric trauma centers (PTC) across 8 state regions. The purpose of this study was to better understand the pediatric under-triage rates in the state. METHODS: We utilized the Ohio Trauma Registry from 2007 - 2012, consisting of 14,045 records of children < 16 years admitted to a hospital for greater than 48 hours or who sustained a traumatic death...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314862/epidemiology-and-prognosis-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-in-returning-soldiers-a-cohort-study
#16
Karen Schwab, Heidi P Terrio, Lisa A Brenner, Renee M Pazdan, Henry P McMillan, Margaret MacDonald, Sidney R Hinds, Ann I Scher
OBJECTIVE: Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI; concussion) is common in returning service members yet limited definitive evidence exists on its prognosis. METHODS: Almost 25,000 non-medically evacuated soldiers returning from Afghanistan or Iraq to 2 military bases between 2009 and 2014 were screened for mTBI. We invited a random sample to participate in the present study, oversampling those screening positive, resulting in 557 mTBI cases and 1,010 controls, of whom 366 cases and 599 controls completed 3-month follow-up evaluations...
March 17, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302434/evaluation-of-low-immunization-coverage-among-the-amish-population-in-rural-ohio
#17
Christine Kettunen, John Nemecek, Olivia Wenger
BACKGROUND: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Review included childhood immunizations among the 10 great public health achievements in the United States in the 20th century. Despite this acknowledged success, childhood immunization rates continue to be much lower in select populations. Amish communities have persistently lower immunization rates. Recent outbreaks in Amish communities include a 2014 measles outbreak in Ohio, resulting in 368 cases reported...
March 13, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283923/characterization-of-staphylococcus-aureus-in-goose-feces-from-state-parks-in-northeast-ohio
#18
Dipendra Thapaliya, Mark Dalman, Jhalka Kadariya, Katie Little, Victoria Mansell, Mohammed Y Taha, Dylan Grenier, Tara C Smith
Staphylococcus aureus can colonize a range of species. Although numerous studies have isolated pathogenic bacteria from wild birds, very little is known regarding S. aureus and their potential to spread methicillin-resistant (MRSA) strains. The objective of this study was to determine the presence and molecular characteristics of S. aureus in geese fecal samples collected from ten state parks across Northeast Ohio (NEO). A total of 182 fecal samples from Canada geese (Branta canadensis) were collected in April 2015...
March 10, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275997/caring-by-numbers-evaluation-of-inconsistencies-and-incompleteness-in-the-reporting-of-racial-and-ethnic-data
#19
Beth Marie Hartzler, Angela Snyder
Significant health disparities throughout the lifespan have long been evident within the American, non-White population. These differences include increased incidence of infant mortality, childhood hospitalization, diabetes, mental and behavioral health problems, cardiovascular disease, and late-stage cancer diagnoses. These types of disparities could be addressed by identifying those individuals at greatest risk for chronic disease or higher mortality rates and improving their health literacy and access to care...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263254/aerobic-exercise-prescription-in-stroke-rehabilitation-a-web-based-survey-of-us-physical-therapists
#20
Pierce Boyne, Sandra Billinger, Marilyn MacKay-Lyons, Brian Barney, Jane Khoury, Kari Dunning
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Best practice recommendations indicate that aerobic exercise (AEX) should be incorporated into stroke rehabilitation. However, this may be challenging in clinical settings. The purpose of this study was to assess physical therapist (PT) AEX prescription for patients with stroke, including AEX utilization, barriers to AEX prescription, dosing parameters, and safety considerations. METHODS: A cross-sectional Web-based survey study was conducted...
April 2017: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
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