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Charles M Watson, Warren W Burggren
Three congeneric lizards from the southeastern United States (Plestiodon fasciatus, P. inexpectatus, and P. laticeps) exhibit a unique nested distribution. All three skink species inhabit the US Southeast, but two extend northward to central Ohio (P. fasciatus and P. laticeps) and P. fasciatus extends well into Canada. Distinct interspecific differences in microhabitat selection and behavior are associated with the cooler temperatures of the more Northern ranges. We hypothesized that interspecific differences in metabolic temperature sensitivity locally segregates them across their total range...
2016: PloS One
H Claude Sagi, David Donohue, Seth Cooper, David P Barei, Justin Siebler, Michael T Archdeacon, Marcus Sciadini, Michelle Romeo, Patrick F Bergin, Thomas Higgins, Hassan Mir
OBJECTIVES: The current literature focuses on wound severity, time to debridement and antibiotic administration with respect to risk of infection after open fracture. The purpose of this analysis was to determine if either the incidence of post-traumatic infection or causative organism varies with treating institution or the season in which the open fracture occurred. DESIGN: Retrospective review. SETTING: Seven level-one regional referral trauma centers located in each of the seven climatic regions of the continental United States (Northwest; High Plains; Midwest/Ohio Valley; New England/Mid-Atlantic; Southeast; South; and Southwest)...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Caroline Kingori, Camila LeMaster Esquivel, Qorsho Hassan, Abdul Elmi, Bakali Mukasa, Michael Reece
African-born immigrants and refugees have HIV infection rates six times higher than any other minority groups in the United States. Despite the increase in the population size and diversity of Somali immigrants and refugees in the United States, Somalis are one of the medically underserved population subgroups in this region. The lack of aggregate HIV infection rates among African-born immigrants, for example, Somali refugees, is a cause for alarm and calls for more research to be conducted in this subgroup...
October 2016: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
Stephen D Thorpe, Myriam Charpentier
The last decade has seen rapid advances in our understanding of the proteins of the nuclear envelope, which have multiple roles including positioning the nucleus, maintaining its structural organisation, and in events ranging from mitosis and meiosis to chromatin positioning and gene expression. Diverse new and stimulating results relating to nuclear organisation and genome function from across kingdoms were presented in a session stream entitled "Dynamic Organisation of the Nucleus" at this year's Society of Experimental Biology (SEB) meeting in Brighton, UK (July 2016)...
October 7, 2016: Nucleus
Paul A Gastañaduy, Jeremy Budd, Nicholas Fisher, Susan B Redd, Jackie Fletcher, Julie Miller, Dwight J McFadden, Jennifer Rota, Paul A Rota, Carole Hickman, Brian Fowler, Lilith Tatham, Gregory S Wallace, Sietske de Fijter, Amy Parker Fiebelkorn, Mary DiOrio
Background Although measles was eliminated in the United States in 2000, importations of the virus continue to cause outbreaks. We describe the epidemiologic features of an outbreak of measles that originated from two unvaccinated Amish men in whom measles was incubating at the time of their return to the United States from the Philippines and explore the effect of public health responses on limiting the spread of measles. Methods We performed descriptive analyses of data on demographic characteristics, clinical and laboratory evaluations, and vaccination coverage...
October 6, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
Lalitha Sivaswamy
Investigators from the Ohio State University, Oregon Health and Science University and Rosalind Franklin School of Medicine examined the presenting manifestations, demographics and treatment strategies in children enrolled in the Intracranial Hypertension Registry (IHR).
October 2016: Pediatric neurology briefs
Allison R Kaup, Carrie Peltz, Kimbra Kenney, Joel H Kramer, Ramon Diaz-Arrastia, Kristine Yaffe
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to characterize the neuropsychological profile of lifetime traumatic brain injury (TBI) in older Veterans. METHODS: Participants were 169 older Veterans [mean age=79.1 years (range, 51-97 years), 89% male, 92% Caucasian], 88 with lifetime TBI and 81 without TBI, living in Veterans' retirement homes in independent residence. TBI history was ascertained with the Ohio State TBI Identification Method structured interview. Cognition was assessed with neuropsychological tests: Raw scores were converted to Z-scores compared to age-corrected normative data and combined into five domain composite Z-scores (attention/working memory, learning/memory, language, processing speed, executive functioning)...
October 4, 2016: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
Mary Ellen Wewers, Abigail Shoben, Sara Conroy, Elana Curry, Amy K Ferketich, David M Murray, Julianna Nemeth, Amy Wermert
INTRODUCTION: Community health workers (CHW) may be effective in the delivery of tobacco dependence treatment with underserved groups. This study evaluated two evidence-based CHW models of treatment. It was hypothesized that smokers assigned to a CHW face-to-face condition would have higher abstinence at 12 months post-treatment than smokers enrolled in CHW referral to a state-sponsored quit line condition. Intrapersonal and treatment-related factors associated with abstinence at 12 months were determined...
September 30, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
M Taberna, C Resteghini, B Swanson, R K L Pickard, B Jiang, W Xiao, M Mena, P Kreinbrink, E Chio, M L Gillison
BACKGROUND: Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is a cause of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC), but its pathogenic role in larynx squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) remains unclear. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A single-institutional, retrospective case-series was performed to estimate the etiological fraction (EF) for HPV in LSCC. Eligible cases included 436 consecutive cases of LSCC diagnosed (2005-2014) at The Ohio State University Medical Center. HPV DNA presence was detected by consensus primer PCR (Inno-LiPa) and HPV type-specific qPCR...
October 2016: Oral Oncology
Maura J Donohue, Larry Wymer
RATIONALE: Many nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTMs) are clinically significant pathogens that cause disease in a variety of different human organs and tissues. OBJECTIVES: A population-based study was undertaken to investigate the prevalence of patients with a positive specimen for (NTM) within 5 states of United States. METHODS: We determined the case and age distribution of patients with at least one specimen positive for NTM using data submitted to the disease surveillance systems of 5 states (Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, Ohio, and Wisconsin) between 2008 and 2013...
September 28, 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Martha I Nelson, Karla M Stucker, Seth A Schobel, Nídia S Trovão, Suman R Das, Vivien G Dugan, Sarah W Nelson, Srinand Sreevatsan, Mary L Killian, Jacqueline M Nolting, David E Wentworth, Andrew S Bowman
: The swine-human interface created at agricultural fairs, along with the generation of and maintenance of influenza A virus diversity in exhibition swine, presents an ongoing threat to public health. Nucleotide sequences of influenza A virus isolates collected from exhibition swine in Ohio (n=262) and Indiana (n=103) during 2009-2013 were used to investigate viral evolution and movement within this niche sector of the swine industry. Phylogenetic and Bayesian analyses were employed to identify introductions of influenza A virus to exhibition swine and study viral population dynamics...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Virology
Quinn Capers, Daniel Clinchot, Leon McDougle, Anthony G Greenwald
PROBLEM: Implicit white race preference has been associated with discrimination in the education, criminal justice, and health care systems and could impede the entry of African Americans into the medical profession, where they and other minorities remain underrepresented. Little is known about implicit racial bias in medical school admissions committees. APPROACH: To measure implicit racial bias, all 140 members of the Ohio State University College of Medicine (OSUCOM) admissions committee took the black-white implicit association test (IAT) prior to the 2012-2013 cycle...
September 27, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Steven J Wurzelbacher, Ibraheem S Al-Tarawneh, Alysha R Meyers, P Timothy Bushnell, Michael P Lampl, David C Robins, Chih-Yu Tseng, Chia Wei, Stephen J Bertke, Jill A Raudabaugh, Thomas M Haviland, Teresa M Schnorr
BACKGROUND: Workers' compensation (WC) claims data may be useful for identifying high-risk industries and developing prevention strategies. METHODS: WC claims data from private-industry employers insured by the Ohio state-based workers' compensation carrier from 2001 to 2011 were linked with the state's unemployment insurance (UI) data on the employer's industry and number of employees. National Labor Productivity and Costs survey data were used to adjust UI data and estimate full-time equivalents (FTE)...
September 26, 2016: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
C L Pickworth, L M Bell, W Greene, C S Whisnant, D H Poole
Beef Quality Assurance programs have contributed to significant improvements in the wholesomeness of beef available for consumption. Injection site blemishes in the round have declined since the promotion of administering intramuscular injections in the neck. Unfortunately, many producers continue to administer estrus synchronization (ES) drugs in the rump. The objective of this study was to compare the effectiveness of injection site of PGF2α, in ES protocols, on steroid hormone concentrations and pregnancy rates...
August 27, 2016: Theriogenology
Jamie R Macklin, Michael A Gittelman, Sarah A Denny, Hayley Southworth, Melissa Wervey Arnold
BACKGROUND: Despite American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommendations, many hospitalized infants are not observed in the appropriate safe sleep environment. Caregivers tend to model sleep patterns observed in a hospital setting. This project assessed the change in infant safe sleep practices within 6 children's hospitals after the implementation of a statewide quality improvement program. METHODS: The AAP recruited hospitalists from each of the state's children's hospitals and asked them to form "safe sleep teams" within their institutions...
September 14, 2016: Pediatrics
Hanna Admi, Yael Eilon-Moshe
BACKGROUND: There is a need to improve understanding of role stress and how it affects nurses' wellbeing, burnout and health; and hence the quality and safety of patients' care, organizational outcomes and costs. The focus is on shift charge nurses in hospitals who are accountable during a specific shift for the patients' care and staff functioning in accordance with hospital and unit policy. OBJECTIVE: To compare perceptions of stress and its intensity among hospital shift charge nurses amongst three countries: Israel, USA (state of Ohio) and Thailand...
November 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Jennifer L Hefner, Ravi S Tripathi, Erik E Abel, Michelle Farneman, Jason Galloway, Susan D Moffatt-Bruce
BACKGROUND: In 2010, the incidence of prolonged mechanical ventilation (> 24 hours) after isolated coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery was 26.9% at the study site, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, compared with the national like-hospital rate of 10.9%. OBJECTIVES: To use the principles of lean management to reduce the incidence of prolonged mechanical ventilation and to assess the sustainability of that reduction over time. METHODS: A multidisciplinary prolonged ventilation task force conducted a gap analysis leading to 3 interventions: (1) a standardized extubation protocol, (2) dry erase boards in patients' rooms to facilitate team communication, and (3) edits of the postoperative order set within the electronic health record...
September 2016: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
Erin Seekamp, Jessica E Mayer, Patrice Charlebois, Greg Hitzroth
Releases of aquatic organisms-in-trade by aquarists, water gardeners, and outdoor pond owners have been identified as aquatic invasive species vectors within the Laurentian Great Lakes region. The trademarked U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Habitattitude campaign was developed in 2004 to encourage self-regulation by these groups, but little is known about its effects. We surveyed organisms-in-trade hobbyists in the eight Great Lakes states (Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin, USA) to assess their recognition of the Habitattitude campaign and their compliance with the campaign's recommended behaviors for organism purchase and disposal...
November 2016: Environmental Management
Ushma D Upadhyay, Nicole E Johns, Sarah L Combellick, Julia E Kohn, Lisa M Keder, Sarah C M Roberts
BACKGROUND: In February 2011, an Ohio law took effect mandating use of the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved protocol for mifepristone, which is used with misoprostol for medication abortion. Other state legislatures have passed or enacted similar laws requiring use of the FDA-approved protocol for medication abortion. The objective of this study is to examine the association of this legal change with medication abortion outcomes and utilization. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We used a retrospective cohort design, comparing outcomes of medication abortion patients in the prelaw period to those in the postlaw period...
August 2016: PLoS Medicine
Muhammad Nouman Iqbal, Emily Stott, Anne M Huml, Vidya Krishnan, Ciaran Joseph Scallan, Jawid Darvesh, Karthik Kode, Chloe Castro, Naveen Turlapati, Clare Landefeld, Julie Pencak, Maria Cedeño, William Baughman, Catherine Sullivan, J Daryl Thornton
RATIONALE: Radiologist reports of pulmonary nodules discovered incidentally on computed tomographic (CT) images of the chest may influence subsequent evaluation and management. OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the impact of the terminology used by radiologists to report incidental pulmonary nodules on subsequent documentation and evaluation of the nodules by the ordering or primary care provider. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients with incidentally discovered pulmonary nodules detected on CT chest examinations performed during 2010 in a large urban safety net medical system located in northeastern Ohio...
October 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
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