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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934180/notes-from-the-field-travel-associated-melioidosis-and-resulting-laboratory-exposures-united-states-2016
#1
Patrick K Mitchell, Colin Campbell, Martha P Montgomery, Julie Paoline, Christopher Wilbur, Leah Posivak-Khouly, Kristin Garafalo, Mindy Elrod, Lindy Liu, Andre Weltman
In mid-July 2016, a Pennsylvania resident aged 15 years who had recently returned from Thailand was treated by a pediatrician for sore throat, fever, and bilateral thigh abscesses at the sites of mosquito bites (Figure). She had traveled to northeast Thailand with nine other teens as part of an 18-day service-oriented trip run by an Ohio-based youth tour company that arranges travel to Thailand for approximately 500 persons annually. This trip included construction and agricultural activities and recreational mud exposures...
September 22, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915545/air-pollution-at-rochester-ny-long-term-trends-and-multivariate-analysis-of-upwind-so2-source-impacts
#2
Fereshteh Emami, Mauro Masiol, Philip K Hopke
There have been many changes in the air pollutant sources in the northeastern United States since 2001. To assess the effect of these changes, trend analyses of the monthly average values were performed on PM2.5 and its components including major ions, elemental carbon (EC), organic carbon (OC), and gaseous pollutant concentrations measured between 2001 (in some cases 1999) and 2015 at the NYS Department of Environmental Conservation sites in Rochester, NY. Mann-Kendall regression with Sen's slope was applied to estimate the trends and seasonality...
September 11, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898987/typical-and-atypical-granular-cell-tumors-of-soft-tissue-a-clinicopathologic-study-of-50-patients
#3
Matthew Stemm, David Suster, Paul E Wakely, Saul Suster
Objectives: Granular cell tumors are rare neoplasms of neural origin. Despite the mesenchymal nature of these tumors, they rarely occur in the soft tissue, and as a result, this subset is not well characterized. We present the largest case series to date comprising 50 patients with benign and atypical soft tissue granular cell tumors in an effort to better define the pathologic features in this subset of lesions. Methods: All cases of soft tissue granular cell tumors from the Ohio State Medical Center and the Medical College of Wisconsin over a 10-year period were reviewed for histologic and clinical findings...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892190/parasitemia-due-to-sarcocystis-neurona-like-infection-in-a-clinically-ill-domestic-cat
#4
Nina C Zitzer, Antoinette E Marsh, Mary Jo Burkhard, M Judith Radin, Maxey L Wellman, Maria Jugan, Valerie Parker
An 8-year-old, 6-kg, male neutered Domestic Shorthair cat was presented to The Ohio State University Veterinary Medical Center (OSU-VMC) for difficulty breathing. Physical examination and thoracic radiographs indicated pneumonia, a soft-tissue mass in the left caudal lung lobe, and diffuse pleural effusion. The effusion was classified as modified transudate. Rare extracellular elongated (~5-7 μm × 1-2 μm) zoites with a central round to oval-shaped purple to deep purple vesicular nucleus with coarsely stippled chromatin and light blue cytoplasm were seen on a peripheral blood smear...
September 11, 2017: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888663/impact-of-air-manganese-on-child-neurodevelopment-in-east-liverpool-ohio
#5
Erin N Haynes, Heidi Sucharew, Timothy J Hilbert, Pierce Kuhnell, Alonzo Spencer, Nicholas C Newman, Roxanne Burns, Robert Wright, Patrick J Parsons, Kim N Dietrich
BACKGROUND: East Liverpool, Ohio, the site of a hazardous waste incinerator and a manganese (Mn) processor, has had air Mn concentrations exceeding United States Environmental Protection Agency reference levels for over a decade. Save Our County, Inc., a community organization, was formed to address community environmental health concerns related to local industry. Researchers from the University of Cincinnati partnered with Save Our County to determine if air Mn had an impact on the neurocognitive function of children in the community...
September 6, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887894/interobserver-variation-in-the-diagnosis-of-neurologic-abnormalities-in-the-horse
#6
W J A Saville, S M Reed, J P Dubey, D E Granstrom, P S Morley, K W Hinchcliff, C W Kohn, T E Wittum, J D Workman
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of equine protozoal myeloencephalitis (EPM) relies heavily on the clinical examination. The accurate identification of neurologic signs during a clinical examination is critical to the interpretation of laboratory results. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the level of agreement between board-certified veterinary internists when performing neurologic examinations in horses. ANIMALS: Ninety-seven horses admitted to the Veterinary Teaching Hospital at The Ohio State University from December 1997 to June 1998...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887813/progression-of-care-among-women-who-use-a-midwife-for-prenatal-care-who-remains-in-midwife-care
#7
Yiska Loewenberg Weisband, Maria F Gallo, Mark A Klebanoff, Abigail B Shoben, Alison H Norris
BACKGROUND: Prenatal care provided by midwives provides a safe and cost-effective alternative to care provided by physicians. However, no studies have evaluated the frequency of women who leave midwifery care, in a hospital setting. Our study objectives were to measure the frequency of transfers of care to physicians, to describe the sociodemographic and pregnancy-related characteristics of women who transferred to the care of a physician during prenatal care and at delivery, and to assess correlates of these transfers...
September 9, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859050/overdose-deaths-related-to-fentanyl-and-its-analogs-ohio-january-february-2017
#8
Raminta Daniulaityte, Matthew P Juhascik, Kraig E Strayer, Ioana E Sizemore, Kent E Harshbarger, Heather M Antonides, Robert R Carlson
Ohio is experiencing unprecedented loss of life caused by unintentional drug overdoses (1), with illicitly manufactured fentanyl (IMF) emerging as a significant threat to public health (2,3). IMF is structurally similar to pharmaceutical fentanyl, but is produced in clandestine laboratories and includes fentanyl analogs that display wide variability in potency (2); variations in chemical composition of these drugs make detection more difficult. During 2010-2015, unintentional drug overdose deaths in Ohio increased 98%, from 1,544 to 3,050...
September 1, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858226/efficacy-of-chlorantraniliprole-in-controlling-structural-infestations-of-the-eastern-subterranean-termite-in-the-usa
#9
Susan C Jones, Edward L Vargo, T Chris Keefer, Paul Labadie, Clay W Scherer, Nicola T Gallagher, Roger E Gold
Subterranean termites are the most economically important structural pests in the USA, and the eastern subterranean termite, Reticulitermes flavipes (Kollar) (Dictyoptera: Rhinotermitidae) is the most widely distributed species. Soil treatment with a liquid termiticide is a widely used method for controlling subterranean termites in structures. We assessed the efficacy of a nonrepellent termiticide, Altriset(®) (active ingredient: chlorantraniliprole), in controlling structural infestations of R. flavipes in Texas, North Carolina, and Ohio and determined the post-treatment fate of termite colonies in and around the structures...
August 31, 2017: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857695/movement-patterns-of-exhibition-swine-and-associations-of-influenza-a-virus-infection-with-swine-management-practices
#10
Nola Bliss, Jason W Stull, Steven J Moeller, Päivi J Rajala-Schultz, Andrew S Bowman
OBJECTIVE To identify the geographic distribution of exhibition swine in the Midwestern United States, characterize management practices used for exhibition swine, and identify associations between those practices and influenza A virus (IAV) detection in exhibition swine arriving at county or state agricultural fairs. DESIGN Cross-sectional survey. SAMPLE 480 swine exhibitors and 641 exhibition swine. PROCEDURES Inventories of swine exhibited at fairs in 6 selected Midwestern states during 2013 and of the total swine population (including commercial swine) in these regions in 2012 were obtained and mapped...
September 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847012/accuracy-of-cardiovascular-risk-prediction-varies-by-neighborhood-socioeconomic-position-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#11
Jarrod E Dalton, Adam T Perzynski, David A Zidar, Michael B Rothberg, Claudia J Coulton, Alex T Milinovich, Douglas Einstadter, James K Karichu, Neal V Dawson
Background: Inequality in health outcomes in relation to Americans' socioeconomic position is rising. Objective: First, to evaluate the spatial relationship between neighborhood disadvantage and major atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD)-related events; second, to evaluate the relative extent to which neighborhood disadvantage and physiologic risk account for neighborhood-level variation in ASCVD event rates. Design: Observational cohort analysis of geocoded longitudinal electronic health records...
August 29, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846124/self-efficacy-of-osteopathic-medical-students-in-a-rural-urban-underserved-pathway-program
#12
Sharon L Casapulla
Context: Self-efficacy has been shown to play a role in medical students' choice of practice location. More physicians are needed in rural and urban underserved communities. Ohio University Heritage College of Osteopathic Medicine has a co-curricular training program in rural and urban underserved practice to address this shortage. Objective: To assess whether participation in the co-curricular program in rural and urban underserved practice affects self-efficacy related to rural and underserved urban practice...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840365/radiology-and-enterprise-medical-imaging-extensions-remix
#13
Barbaros S Erdal, Luciano M Prevedello, Songyue Qian, Mutlu Demirer, Kevin Little, John Ryu, Thomas O'Donnell, Richard D White
Radiology and Enterprise Medical Imaging Extensions (REMIX) is a platform originally designed to both support the medical imaging-driven clinical and clinical research operational needs of Department of Radiology of The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center. REMIX accommodates the storage and handling of "big imaging data," as needed for large multi-disciplinary cancer-focused programs. The evolving REMIX platform contains an array of integrated tools/software packages for the following: (1) server and storage management; (2) image reconstruction; (3) digital pathology; (4) de-identification; (5) business intelligence; (6) texture analysis; and (7) artificial intelligence...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834286/diabetes-news
#14
Ann M Carracher, Payal H Marathe, Kelly L Close
Diabetes educators from across the globe gathered in Indianapolis, IN, USA for the 2017 American Association of Diabetes Educators (AADE) conference. In a well-attended lecture on combination regimens for diabetes, Dr Kitte Wyne (Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA) advocated for the use of combination therapy according to AACE (American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists) treatment guidelines.
August 18, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830204/providing-antismoking-socialization-to-children-after-quitting-smoking-does-it-help-parents-stay-quit
#15
Kim A Hayes, Christine Jackson, Denise M Dickinson, Audra L Miller
PURPOSE: To test whether an antismoking parenting program provided to parents who had quit smoking for ≥24 hours increased parents' likelihood of remaining abstinent 2 and 3 years postbaseline. DESIGN: Two-group randomized controlled trial with 3-year follow-up. SETTING: Eleven states (Colorado, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Utah, and Vermont). PARTICIPANTS: Five hundred seventy-seven adults (286 treatment and 291 control) who had smoked ≥10 cigarettes daily at baseline, had quit smoking for ≥24 hours after calling a Quitline, and were parents of an 8- to 10-year-old child; 358 (62%) completed the 2-year follow-up interview, and 304 (53%) completed the 3-year follow-up interview...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817554/occupational-distribution-of-campylobacteriosis-and-salmonellosis-cases-maryland-ohio-and-virginia-2014
#16
Chia-Ping Su, Marie A de Perio, Kathleen Fagan, Meghan L Smith, Ellen Salehi, Seth Levine, Karen Gruszynski, Sara E Luckhaupt
Campylobacter and Salmonella are leading causes of bacterial gastroenteritis in the United States and are estimated to cause >1 million episodes of domestically acquired illness annually (1). Campylobacter and Salmonella are primarily transmitted through contaminated food, but animal-to-human and human-to-human transmission can also occur (2,3). Although occupationally acquired infections have been reported, occupational risk factors have rarely been studied. In 2015, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) identified 63 suspected or confirmed cases of Campylobacter infection over 3...
August 18, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812034/the-influence-of-medical-insurance-on-patient-access-to-orthopaedic-surgery-sports-medicine-appointments-under-the-affordable-care-act
#17
Daniel H Wiznia, Emmanuel Nwachuku, Alexander Roth, Chang-Yeon Kim, Ameya Save, Nidharshan S Anandasivam, Michael Medvecky, Richard Pelker
BACKGROUND: The goal of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) was to expand patient access to health care. Since the rollout of the PPACA, Medicaid patients have demonstrated difficulty obtaining appointments in some specialty care settings. PURPOSE: To assess the effect of insurance type (Medicaid and private) on patient access to orthopaedic surgery sports medicine specialists for a semiurgent evaluation of a likely operative bucket-handle meniscus tear...
July 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797652/geographic-variation-in-opioid-and-heroin-involved-drug-poisoning-mortality-rates
#18
Christopher J Ruhm
INTRODUCTION: An important barrier to formulating effective policies to address the rapid rise in U.S. fatal overdoses is that the specific drugs involved are frequently not identified on death certificates. This analysis supplies improved estimates of state opioid and heroin involved drug fatality rates in 2014, and changes from 2008 to 2014. METHODS: Reported mortality rates were calculated directly from death certificates and compared to corrected rates that imputed drug involvement when no drug was specified...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794663/physician-perspectives-on-education-training-and-implementation-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine
#19
Sejal J Patel, Kathi J Kemper, Joseph P Kitzmiller
Over recent decades, the demand for complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has continued to rise in the US. Like the practice of traditional Western medicine, CAM is associated with not only significant health benefits but also significant risks. Unlike traditional Western medicine, however, much of CAM use is less regulated and often occurs unbeknownst to a patient's medical doctor. The use of herbals, dietary supplements, and over-the-counter (OTC) medications can result in adverse effects, and many significant interactions can occur when their use is combined with allopathic medications...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781179/injuries-and-illnesses-occurring-on-a-recreational-bicycle-tour-the-great-ohio-bicycle-adventure
#20
Thomas L Pommering, Diane C Manos, Bhavna Singichetti, Chelsea R Brown, Jingzhen Yang
OBJECTIVE: Recreational multiday cycling events have grown popular in the United States; however, little has been published regarding the injuries and illnesses that occur during these events. The objective of this study was to describe injuries and illnesses that occur in the Great Ohio Bicycle Adventure (GOBA) and to examine associated risk factors. METHODS: Injury and illness data collected from an on-site medical clinic during the 2013 and 2014 GOBA tours were merged with rider registration data for analysis...
August 3, 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
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