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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334494/state-based-review-of-maternal-deaths-the-ohio-experience
#1
Cynthia Shellhaas, Elizabeth Conrey
Ohio established a Pregnancy-Associated Mortality Review system in 2010 to ensure that all maternal deaths are identified and preventive actions developed. The need for detailed and reliable information to supplement vital statistics data has led to the development of state-based and urban-based maternal death reviews. Although processes vary from state to state, in general, an expert panel is convened to review individual cases and make recommendations for systems change. This article describes the development and operation of Ohio's state-based maternal death review including interventions developed and actions taken based on review data...
January 12, 2018: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323288/impacts-of-simulated-erosion-and-soil-amendments-on-greenhouse-gas-fluxes-and-maize-yield-in-miamian-soil-of-central-ohio
#2
Yanru Liang, Rattan Lal, Shengli Guo, Ruiqiang Liu, Yaxian Hu
Erosion-induced topsoil loss is a threat to sustainable productivity. Topsoil removal from, or added to, the existing surface is an efficient technique to simulate on-site soil erosion and deposition. A 15-year simulated erosion was conducted at Waterman Farm of Ohio State University to assess impacts of topsoil depth on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and maize yield. Three topsoil treatments were investigated: 20 cm topsoil removal, 20 cm topsoil addition, and undisturbed control. Results show that the average global warming potential (GWP) (Mg CO2 Eq ha-1 growing season-1) from the topsoil removal plot (18...
January 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322813/opioid-drug-poisonings-in-ohio-adolescents-and-young-adults-2002-2014
#3
Sarah Caupp, Janine Steffan, Junxin Shi, Krista K Wheeler, Henry A Spiller, Marcel J Casavant, Henry Xiang
CONTEXT: Opioids represent a drug class that adolescents and young adults intentionally misuse and abuse. When taken on their own or with other substances in this manner, opioids pose an increased risk of overdose and potential death. OBJECTIVE: To determine trends of opioid drug poisonings among adolescents and young adults in Ohio from 2002 to 2014 using Poison Control Center (PCC) data. METHODS: Data were obtained from Ohio PCCs from 2002 to 2014 for opioid drug poisonings amongst 10-29 year olds...
January 11, 2018: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320234/influence-of-soap-characteristics-and-food-service-facility-type-on-the-degree-of-bacterial-contamination-of-open-refillable-bulk-soaps
#4
Donald W Schaffner, Dane Jensen, Charles P Gerba, David Shumaker, James W Arbogast
Concern has been raised regarding the public health risks from refillable bulk-soap dispensers because they provide an environment for potentially pathogenic bacteria to grow. This study surveyed the microbial quality of open refillable bulk soap in four different food establishment types in three states. Two hundred ninety-six samples of bulk soap were collected from food service establishments in Arizona, New Jersey, and Ohio. Samples were tested for total heterotrophic viable bacteria, Pseudomonas, coliforms and Escherichia coli, and Salmonella...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319475/drug-overdose-deaths-in-the-united-states-1999-2016
#5
Holly Hedegaard, Margaret Warner, Arialdi M Miniño
Data from the National Vital Statistics System, Mortality: -In 2016, there were more than 63,600 drug overdose deaths in the United States. -The age-adjusted rate of drug overdose deaths in 2016 (19.8 per 100,000) was 21% higher than the rate in 2015 (16.3). -Among persons aged 15 and over, adults aged 25-34, 35-44, and 45-54 had the highest rates of drug overdose deaths in 2016 at around 35 per 100,000. -West Virginia (52.0 per 100,000), Ohio (39.1), New Hampshire (39.0), the District of Columbia (38.8), and Pennsylvania (37...
December 2017: NCHS Data Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298708/case-study-of-a-user-driven-prosthetic-arm-design-bionic-hand-versus-customized-body-powered-technology-in-a-highly-demanding-work-environment
#6
Wolf Schweitzer, Michael J Thali, David Egger
BACKGROUND: Prosthetic arm research predominantly focuses on "bionic" but not body-powered arms. However, any research orientation along user needs requires sufficiently precise workplace specifications and sufficiently hard testing. Forensic medicine is a demanding environment, also physically, also for non-disabled people, on several dimensions (e.g., distances, weights, size, temperature, time). METHODS: As unilateral below elbow amputee user, the first author is in a unique position to provide direct comparison of a "bionic" myoelectric iLimb Revolution (Touch Bionics) and a customized body-powered arm which contains a number of new developments initiated or developed by the user: (1) quick lock steel wrist unit; (2) cable mount modification; (3) cast shape modeled shoulder anchor; (4) suspension with a soft double layer liner (Ohio Willowwood) and tube gauze (Molnlycke) combination...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284362/a-retrospective-review-of-fall-risk-factors-in-the-bone-marrow-transplant-inpatient-service
#7
Cory M Vela, Lisa M Grate, Ali McBride, Steven Devine, Leslie A Andritsos
Purpose The purpose of this study was to compare medications and potential risk factors between patients who experienced a fall during hospitalization compared to those who did not fall while admitted to the Blood and Marrow Transplant inpatient setting at The James Cancer Hospital. Secondary objectives included evaluation of transplant-related disease states and medications in the post-transplant setting that may lead to an increased risk of falls, post-fall variables, and number of tests ordered after a fall...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280725/men-in-occupational-therapy-issues-factors-and-perceptions
#8
Angelo J M Maxim, Martin S Rice
OBJECTIVE: Relatively few men are occupational therapy practitioners in the United States. Little research has examined issues germane to men working in the profession. The objective of this study was to investigate perceptions, issues, and factors surrounding male occupational therapy practitioners. METHOD: A survey link was emailed to 9,467 licensed occupational therapy practitioners in Ohio; 699 participants responded, yielding a response rate of 7.66%. RESULTS: Male and female participants provided both similar and significantly different responses to the survey questions...
January 2018: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273613/implementation-of-a-prioritized-scoring-tool-to-improve-time-to-pharmacist-intervention
#9
Andre Harvin, John J J Mellett, Daren Knoell, Jay Mirtallo, Ryan W Naseman, Nicole Brown, Crystal R Tubbs
PURPOSE: The implementation of a prioritized scoring tool to improve time to pharmacist intervention is described. SUMMARY: At the Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, pharmacists are accepted providers of therapeutic drug monitoring of vancomycin and aminoglycosides. At the onset of this initiative and despite the implementation of an integrated electronic medical record (EMR), management of pharmacokinetically monitored medications was conducted using a paper monitoring form...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259054/evaluation-of-a-federally-funded-mass-media-campaign-and-smoking-cessation-in-pregnant-women-a-population-based-study-in-three-states
#10
Lucinda England, Van T Tong, Karilynn Rockhill, Jason Hsia, Tim McAfee, Deesha Patel, Katelin Rupp, Elizabeth J Conrey, Claudia Valdivieso, Kevin C Davis
OBJECTIVES: In 2012, theCenters for Disease Control and Prevention initiated a national anti-smoking campaign, Tips from Former Smokers (Tips). As a result of the campaign, quit attempts among smokers increased in the general population by 3.7 percentage points. In the current study, we assessed the effects of Tips on smoking cessation in pregnant women. METHODS: We used 2009-2013 certificates of live births in three US states: Indiana, Kentucky and Ohio. Smoking cessation by the third trimester of pregnancy was examined among women who smoked in the 3 months prepregnancy...
December 19, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250310/histoplasmosis-hepatitis-after-orthotopic-liver-transplantation
#11
Laura Washburn, N Thao Galván, Sadhna Dhingra, Abbas Rana, John A Goss
Histoplasmosis is an endemic mycosis in the Ohio and Mississippi River valleys and can cause disseminated infection in immunocompromised hosts. Disseminated histoplasmosis is often respiratory in nature and most cases in transplant patients occur within 2 years post-transplantation. A 32-year-old male on mycophenolate and tacrolimus who underwent an orthotopic liver transplantation 10 years prior presented with generalized body aches, fevers, mild congestion, dysuria and elevated transaminases. Liver biopsy revealed epithelioid granulomas with narrow-based budding yeast, suggesting histoplasma...
December 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248078/a-naloxone-and-harm-reduction-educational-program-across-four-years-of-a-doctor-of-pharmacy-program
#12
Michelle A Maguire, Rose N Pavlakos, Bella H Mehta, Kelsey K Schmuhl, Stuart J Beatty
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Naloxone distribution is an increasing service provided by pharmacists as more states enact laws enabling pharmacists to dispense naloxone without a prescription or per protocol to individuals in the wake of an opioid overdose epidemic. Education and training programs are necessary to ensure students and practicing pharmacists are able to effectively provide the service. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: All first, second, and third year students in the doctor of pharmacy (PharmD) program at The Ohio State University College of Pharmacy (OSUCOP) participated in a pilot naloxone and harm reduction educational program...
January 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190142/biomedical-science-undergraduate-major-a-new-pathway-to-advance-research-and-the-health-professions
#13
John S Gunn, Cynthia H Ledford, Steven J Mousetes, Michael R Grever
PROBLEM: Many students entering professional degree programs, particularly M.D., Ph.D., and M.D./Ph.D., are not well prepared regarding the breadth of scientific knowledge required, communication skills, research experience, reading and understanding the scientific literature, and significant shadowing (for M.D.-related professions). In addition, physician scientists are a needed and necessary part of the academic research environment but are dwindling in numbers. INTERVENTION: In response to predictions of critical shortages of clinician investigators and the lack of proper preparation as undergraduates for these professions, the Biomedical Science (BMS) undergraduate major was created at The Ohio State University to attract incoming college freshmen with interests in scientific research and the healthcare professions...
November 30, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181084/clinical-pharmacogenomics-patient-perspectives-of-pharmacogenomic-testing-and-the-incidence-of-actionable-test-results-in-a-chronic-disease-cohort
#14
Chandrama Mukherjee, Kevin M Sweet, Jasmine A Luzum, Mahmoud Abdel-Rasoul, Michael F Christman, Joseph P Kitzmiller
Aim: This study aimed to examine pharmacogenomic test results and patient perspectives at an academic cardiovascular medicine clinic. Patients & methods: Test results for three common cardiovascular drug-gene tests (warfarin-CYP2C9-VKORC1, clopidogrel-CYP2C19 and simvastatin-SLCO1B1) of 208 patients in the Ohio State University-Coriell Personalized Medicine Collaborative were examined to determine the incidence of potentially actionable test results. A post-hoc, anonymous, patient survey was also conducted...
September 2017: Personalized Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180189/impact-of-triage-guidelines-on-prehospital-triage-comparison-of-guidelines-with-a-statistical-model
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Priti P Parikh, Pratik Parikh, Bradley Guthrie, Logan Mamer, Melissa Whitmill, Timothy Erskine, Randy Woods, Jonathan Saxe
BACKGROUND: The American College of Surgeons developed the National Field Triage Decision Scheme (NFTDS) that has been adapted by many trauma centers in the nation, but quantitative evidence of its efficacy is unclear. We compare the NFTDS and state of Ohio guidelines to the "observed" rates and with rates derived using a statistical model. METHODS: We used 4757 trauma records from 2008-2012 available from the state and calculated undertriage (UT) and overtriage (OT) rates...
December 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178464/perceptions-and-opinions-of-pet-owners-in-the-united-sates-about-surgery-pain-management-and-anesthesia-in-dogs-and-cats
#16
Bradley T Simon, Elizabeth M Scallan, Dirsko J F Von Pfeil, Daniel T Boruta, Rick Wall, Belle M Nibblett, O Odette, Guy Beauchamp, Paulo V Steagall
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate pet owners' perceptions and understanding of surgical pain, perioperative pain management, and anesthesia. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective owner survey. SAMPLE POPULATION: Eight veterinary hospitals each provided 200 surveys for distribution to pet owners. METHODS: A survey evaluated owners' perceptions and opinions related to surgical pain, perioperative pain management, anesthesia in dogs and cats, and owner demographics (sex, age, education, employment, previous surgical experience, and pet ownership) in 8 regions of the United States (Alaska, Florida, Hawaii, Massachusetts, Oregon, Ohio, Texas, Washington, DC)...
November 27, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177798/predicting-the-risk-of-cucurbit-downy-mildew-in-the-eastern-united-states-using-an-integrated-aerobiological-model
#17
K N Neufeld, A P Keinath, B K Gugino, M T McGrath, E J Sikora, S A Miller, M L Ivey, D B Langston, B Dutta, T Keever, A Sims, P S Ojiambo
Cucurbit downy mildew caused by the obligate oomycete, Pseudoperonospora cubensis, is considered one of the most economically important diseases of cucurbits worldwide. In the continental United States, the pathogen overwinters in southern Florida and along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico. Outbreaks of the disease in northern states occur annually via long-distance aerial transport of sporangia from infected source fields. An integrated aerobiological modeling system has been developed to predict the risk of disease occurrence and to facilitate timely use of fungicides for disease management...
November 25, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167713/the-effect-of-social-geographic-factors-on-the-untreated-tooth-decay-among-head-start-children
#18
Masahiro Heima, Margaret Ferretti, Mehveen Qureshi, Gerald Ferretti
Background: Disparities among untreated dental caries exist for children from low-income families in the United States. Understanding of the mechanism of the disparities is required to reduce it and social geographic factors are one of the important influences. Although the effect of fluoridated water has been well reported, studies of other sociogeograpic factors, such as the density of available dentists, are still very limited. The objective of this study is to explore the effect of sociogeographic factors on the number of primary teeth with untreated dental caries among children from low-income families who are enrolled in Head Start programs throughout Northeast Ohio of the United States...
October 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152156/revisiting-the-linkage-between-ethnomedical-use-and-development-of-new-medicines-a-novel-plant-collection-strategy-towards-the-discovery-of-anticancer-agents
#19
Joshua M Henkin, Kongmany Sydara, Mouachanh Xayvue, Onevilay Souliya, A Douglas Kinghorn, Joanna E Burdette, Wei-Lun Chen, Bethany G Elkington, Djaja D Soejarto
The Vietnam-Laos International Cooperative Biodiversity Group (ICBG) based at the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) catalyzed a country-wide network of medicinal plant preserves (MPP) and medicinal biodiversity preserves (MBP) now established in ten provinces of the Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR), which are relied upon as protected sources of ethnomedicines for local villagers and traditional healers. In collaboration with the Lao PDR's Institute of Traditional Medicine (ITM), our ongoing P01 Program Project (Ohio State University) examined the anticancer bioprospecting potential for two of the most exhaustively inventoried of these sites: the Bolikhamxay MPP and the Xiengkhouang MBP...
October 2017: Journal of Medicinal Plant Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133266/mapping-suicide-mortality-in-ohio-a-spatial-epidemiological-analysis-of-suicide-clusters-and-area-level-correlates
#20
Cynthia A Fontanella, Daniel M Saman, John V Campo, Danielle L Hiance-Steelesmith, Jeffrey Bridge, Helen Anne Sweeney, Elisabeth D Root
Previous studies have investigated spatial patterning and associations of area characteristics with suicide rates in Western and Asian countries, but few have been conducted in the United States. This ecological study aims to identify high-risk clusters of suicide in Ohio and assess area level correlates of these clusters. We estimated spatially smoothed standardized mortality ratios (SMR) using Bayesian conditional autoregressive models (CAR) for the period 2004 to 2013. Spatial and spatio-temporal scan statistics were used to detect high-risk clusters of suicide at the census tract level (N=2952)...
November 10, 2017: Preventive Medicine
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