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thyroid cancer practice guideline

James C Lee, Paula Chang, Simon Grodski, Meei Yeung, William Johnson, Jonathan Serpell
BACKGROUND: The American Thyroid Association (ATA) management guidelines for thyroid cancer were revised in 2009. The aim of this study was to determine if management of thyroid cancer in our institution has changed in accordance with the introduction of the revised ATA guidelines (ATA(2009) ), and to compare the characteristics and management of thyroid cancer in a Melbourne endocrine surgery unit over a 7-year period. METHODS: All patients treated by the Monash University Endocrine Surgery Unit for thyroid cancer between 2007 and 2013 were divided into two groups - the pre-ATA(2009) group (2007-2010) and the post-ATA(2009) group (2011-2013)...
October 18, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
Seul Gi Lee, Woo Kyung Lee, Hye Sun Lee, Jieun Moon, Cho Rok Lee, Sang Wook Kang, Jong Ju Jeong, Kee-Hyun Nam, Woong Youn Chung, Young Suk Jo, Jandee Lee
BACKGROUND: The 2015 American Thyroid Association (ATA) management guidelines for adult patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) propose the use of the modified initial risk stratification and response to therapy re-stratification systems. This study was conducted to validate the practicality of the revised guidelines for predicting tumor recurrence in patients with DTC. METHODS: Patients with papillary thyroid cancer (n=2425) who underwent total thyroidectomy with central neck node dissection with or without modified radical neck node dissection at a single institution between October 1985 and July 2009 were retrospectively enrolled...
October 17, 2016: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
Bryan R Haugen
Thyroid nodules are very common, and thyroid cancer is currently the fifth leading cancer diagnosis in women. The American Thyroid Association has led the development and revision of guidelines for the management of patients with thyroid nodules and differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC). The most current revision was published in the January 2016 issue of the journal Thyroid. The current guidelines have 101 recommendations, with 8 figures and 17 tables that are hopefully helpful to those treating patients with thyroid nodules and cancer...
October 14, 2016: Cancer
Colleen M Kiernan, Martin A Whiteside, Carmen C Solorzano
BACKGROUND: Cancer registries are used to report cancer care trends and outcomes. Information from these data sets is utilized to craft practice guidelines and management recommendations. Limited knowledge is available regarding the quality of the data contained within registries. We sought to determine the accuracy of a single variable, 'surgery of the primary site', in the Tennessee Cancer Registry (TCR). METHODS: A retrospective review of the TCR thyroid database was performed...
October 11, 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Patrick Hanley, Katherine Lord, Andrew J Bauer
Importance: Normal thyroid gland function is critical for early neurocognitive development, as well as for growth and development throughout childhood and adolescence. Thyroid disorders are common, and attention to physical examination findings, combined with selected laboratory and radiologic tools, aids in the early diagnosis and treatment. Objective: To provide a practical review of the presentation, evaluation, and treatment of thyroid disorders commonly encountered in a primary care practice...
October 1, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
Robert Krysiak, Karolina Kowalcze, Bogusław Okopień
Thyrotoxicosis is a pathological syndrome in which tissue is exposed to excessive amounts of circulating thyroid hormones. Including its subclinical form, it is considered as one of the most frequent endocrine disorders in the general population. If not detected in a timely fashion, thyrotoxicosis can have serious health consequences. The most common forms of thyrotoxicosis include diffuse toxic goiter (Graves' disease), toxic multinodular goiter (Plummer's disease), and toxic adenoma (Goetsch's disease). The significant progress in the fields of hormonal assessment, imaging procedures and molecular biology made in recent years has brought about great improvement in the identification, differentiation and treatment of many other disorders associated with thyrotoxicosis...
2016: Przegla̧d Lekarski
Cari M Kitahara, Julie A Sosa
During the past few decades, the incidence of thyroid cancer has increased substantially in many countries, including the USA. The rise in incidence seems to be attributable both to the growing use of diagnostic imaging and fine-needle aspiration biopsy, which has led to enhanced detection and diagnosis of subclinical thyroid cancers, and environmental factors. The latest American Thyroid Association (ATA) practice guidelines for the management of adult patients with thyroid nodules and differentiated thyroid cancer differ substantially from the previous ATA guidelines published in 2009...
November 2016: Nature Reviews. Endocrinology
Kourosh Parham, Nikita Chapurin, Kris Schulz, Jennifer J Shin, Melissa A Pynnonen, David L Witsell, Alan Langman, Anh Nguyen-Huynh, Sheila E Ryan, Andrea Vambutas, Anne Wolfley, Rhonda Roberts, Walter T Lee
OBJECTIVES: (1) Describe thyroid-related diagnoses and procedures in Creating Healthcare Excellence through Education and Research (CHEER) across academic and community sites. (2) Compare management of malignant thyroid disease across these sites. (3) Provide practice-based data related to flexible laryngoscopy vocal fold assessment before and after thyroid surgery based on the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation's clinical practice guidelines. STUDY DESIGN: Review of retrospective data collection (RDC) database of the CHEER network using ICD-9 and CPT codes related to thyroid conditions...
July 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Markus Dietlein, Wolfgang Eschner, Frank Grünwald, Michael Lassmann, Frederik A Verburg, Markus Luster
The procedure guideline for radioiodine therapy of differentiated thyroid cancer (version 4) was developed in the consensus of a representative expert group. This fulfils the level S1 (first step) within the AWMF classification of Clinical Practice Guidelines (AWMF, Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Wissenschaftlichen Medizinischen Fachgesellschaften, Germany). This procedure guideline completed the guideline for surgical management of thyroid cancer (level S2) with the aspects from nuclear medicine. Controversies over ablative radioiodine therapy in small papillary thyroid cancers and in minimally invasive follicular cancer without angioinvasion, over empirical standard doses for ablative radioiodine therapy, and over the kind of TSH-stimulation were described and the guideline formulated a corridor of good clinical practice...
June 28, 2016: Nuklearmedizin. Nuclear Medicine
David S Cooper, Blair Anton
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the current status of the clinical thyroidology literature using bibliographic analysis. METHODS: The subject "clinical thyroidology" was divided into six broad topics: iodine deficiency/iodine nutrition, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism/thyrotoxicosis, thyroiditis/autoimmune thyroid disease, thyroid nodules/multinodular goiter, and thyroid cancer. Using Scopus, an online bibliographic searching tool, this study sought to examine the trends in the publication of clinical thyroid disease-related research articles over the decade from 2006 through the end of 2015...
August 2016: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
Brian W Kim, Wina Yousman, Wei Xiang Wong, Cheng Cheng, Elizabeth A McAninch
BACKGROUND: The American Thyroid Association (ATA) has recently revised its guidance pertaining to thyroid nodules and follicular cell-derived thyroid cancer. The 2015 guidelines are massive in both scope and scale, with changes in the organizational approach to risk stratification of nodules and cancer, as well as multiple sections covering new material. This review highlights the major structural and organizational changes, focusing attention on the most dramatically changed recommendations, that is, those recommendations that clinicians will find striking because they call for significant divergence from prior clinical practice...
June 2016: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
V Eligar, P N Taylor, O E Okosieme, G P Leese, C M Dayan
BACKGROUND: Hypothyroidism affects 2-5% of the general population. Patients with uncorrected disease suffer significant morbidity and have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and neurocognitive impairment. Levothyroxine, the treatment of choice, is inexpensive, easy to administer and in most cases restores well-being while normalizing thyroid function. However, 30-50% of individuals on levothyroxine are either over-treated or under-treated and others remain dissatisfied with treatment despite achieving thyroid hormone concentrations within the laboratory reference interval...
July 2016: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
Ilya Likhterov, R Michael Tuttle, Grace C Haser, Henry K Su, Donald Bergman, Eran E Alon, Victor Bernet, Elise Brett, Rhoda Cobin, Eliza H Dewey, Gerard Doherty, Laura L Dos Reis, Joshua Klopper, Stephanie L Lee, Mark A Lupo, Josef Machac, Jeffrey I Mechanick, Mira Milas, Lisa Orloff, Gregory Randolph, Douglas S Ross, Meghan E Rowe, Robert Smallridge, David Terris, Ralph P Tufano, Mark L Urken
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To present an overview of the barriers to the implementation of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) in thyroid cancer management and to introduce a computer-based clinical support system. DATA SOURCES: PubMed. REVIEW METHODS: A review of studies on adherence to CPGs was conducted. RESULTS: Awareness and adoption of CPGs is low in thyroid cancer management. Barriers to implementation include unfamiliarity with the CPGs and financial concerns...
April 14, 2016: Laryngoscope
Barbara Jarząb, Marek Dedecjus, Daria Handkiewicz-Junak, Dariusz Lange, Andrzej Lewiński, Anna Nasierowska-Guttmejer, Marek Ruchała, Dorota Słowińska-Klencka, Janusz Nauman, Zbigniew Adamczewski, Maciej Bagłaj, Agata Bałdys-Waligórska, Marcin Barczyński, Tomasz Bednarczuk, Andrzej Cichocki, Agnieszka Czarniecka, Rafał Czepczyński, Aneta Gawlik, Alicja Hubalewska-Dydejczyk, Krystian Jażdżewski, Grzegorz Kamiński, Małgorzata Karbownik-Lewińska, Beata Kos-Kudła, Andrzej Kułakowski, Krzysztof Kuzdak, Katarzyna Łącka, Ewa Małecka-Tendera, Marek Niedziela, Lech Pomorski, Stanisław Sporny, Zoran Stojcev, Anhelli Syrenicz, Jan Włoch, Jolanta Krajewska, Sylwia Szpak-Ulczok, Michal Kalemba, Monika Buziak-Bereza
Revised Guidelines of Polish National Societies Prepared on the initiative of the Polish Group for Endocrine Tumours approved in their final version between November 16th and 28th, 2015 by the Scientific Committee of the V Conference "Thyroid Cancer and other malignancies of endocrine glands" organised between November 14th and 17th, 2015 in Wisla, Poland; called by the following Societies: Polish Endocrine Society, Polish Society of Oncology, Polish Thyroid Association, Polish Society of Pathologists, Society of Polish Surgeons, Polish Society of Surgical Oncology, Polish Society of Clinical Oncology, Polish Society of Radiation Oncology, Polish Society of Nuclear Medicine, Polish Society of Paediatric Endocrinology, Polish Society of Paediatric Surgeons, Polish Society of Ultrasonography Gliwice-Wisła, 2015 DECLARATION: These recommendations are created by the group of delegates of the National Societies, which declare their willingness to participate in the preparation of the revised version of the Polish Guidelines...
2016: Endokrynologia Polska
H Kanona, J S Virk, C Offiah, P Stimpson
OBJECTIVES: To measure our clinical practice against the new gold standard British thyroid Association (BTA) Guideline on the ultrasound assessment of thyroid nodules. DESIGN: Prospective Patient Archive and Communication System (PACS) search. SETTING: A tertiary referral head and neck centre in London. PARTICIPANTS: Three hundred and fifty nine thyroid radiology ultrasound (US) reports were examined. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Strict compliance with BTA reporting guidelines by provision of a 'U score' and the reporting of recognised features associated with benign and suspicious thyroid on US scan...
January 23, 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
Vandana Kumar Dhingra, Sunil Saini, Sandip Basu
OBJECTIVE: We describe and discuss the various medical, social and financial aspects of setting up, and optimizing, working conditions of a tertiary Nuclear Medicine Department. This department was established in a North Indian state which comprises 93% of hilly area. During the first three years after establishment we have developed infrastructure, cooperation with other departments, improved radiation safety and cost effectiveness of our work and designed future perspectives. The facility was established in a cancer center of a tertiary care hospital where a medical college infrastructure was developed...
September 2015: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
Thibault Bellier, Alexis Vallard, Sophie Espenel, Julien Langrand-Escure, Majed Ben Mrad, Lionel Védrine, Nicolas Magné, Cyrus Chargari
INTRODUCTION: The French Military Health Service organizes medical survey of 340,000 military men. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the practices of solid cancer screening of general practitioners in military medical units and to compare the results with the recommendations of the French National Institute of Cancer. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, observational study among general practitioners in Army Medical Unit by sending them a self-assessment questionnaire...
December 2015: Bulletin du Cancer
Fabián Pitoia, Akira Miyauchi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
Dal Lae Ju, Young Joo Park, Hee-Young Paik, YoonJu Song
To improve the efficacy of radioactive iodine (RAI) therapy for differentiated thyroid cancer patients, a low-iodine diet (LID) prior to the therapy is recommended. In iodine-rich areas such as Korea, however, a strict LID is very difficult to maintain. We experienced the cases of three patients showing low adherence to the LID before initial RAI therapy, and analyzed the main food source supplying iodine during the LID, and examined the influence of the poorly maintained LID on the efficacy of RAI therapy...
October 2015: Clinical Nutrition Research
Mohamed Abdelgadir Adam, Paolo Goffredo, Linda Youngwirth, Randall P Scheri, Sanziana A Roman, Julie A Sosa
BACKGROUND: The American Thyroid Association (ATA) and National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guidelines have discordant recommendations for managing patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC). We hypothesized that physician adherence to either of the 2009 extent of surgery guidelines of the ATA or NCCN was associated with improved survival, and that practice is most standardized nationally when guidelines are concordant. METHODS: Adult patients undergoing surgery for DTC were included from the National Cancer Database...
January 2016: Surgery
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