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cholangitis for lithiasis biliary

Amy Hosmer, Mohamed M Abdelfatah, Ryan Law, Todd H Baron
Background and study aims:  Endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC) in patients with complex surgically-altered anatomy (SAA) is technically demanding and has limitations. Developments in EUS-guided procedures allow alternative approaches for patients with altered gastrointestinal anatomy and biliary lithiasis. Patients and methods:  Single-center, retrospective review of prospectively entered patients with SAA who underwent EUS-guided hepaticogastrostomy (HGS) followed by an interval antegrade endoscopic clearance of biliary lithiasis...
February 2018: Endoscopy International Open
Vítor Magno-Pereira, Pedro Moutinho-Ribeiro, Guilherme Macedo
BACKGROUND: For many years, ERCP was avoided in pregnancy given the concerns regarding the adverse effects that, with special focus on radiation, could occur in the developing fetus. However, the postponement or rejection of ERCP in pregnant women, may lead to a higher risk for mother and fetus, especially when the indication is unequivocal, namely cholangitis, biliary pancreatitis and symptomatic choledocholithiasis. SUMMARY AND KEY MESSAGES: This review aims to summarize the scarce literature on the subject in order to plan ERCP in pregnancy with the highest safety...
December 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Anna Pellat, Javier Vaquero, Laura Fouassier
The ErbB/HER family comprises four distinct tyrosine kinase receptors, EGFR/ErbB1/HER1, ErbB2/HER2, ErbB3/HER3, and ErbB4/HER4, which trigger intracellular signals at the origin of essential cellular functions, including differentiation, proliferation, survival, and migration. Epithelial cells, named cholangiocytes, that line intrahepatic and extrahepatic bile ducts, contribute substantially to biliary secretory functions and bile transport. Although ErbB receptors have been widely studied in cholangiocarcinoma (CCA), a malignancy of the biliary tract, knowledge of these receptors in biliary epithelium physiology and in non-malignant cholangiopathies is far from complete...
July 3, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
Pedro Pereira, Armando Peixoto, Patrícia Andrade, Guilherme Macedo
Smaller endoscopes and catheters have been developed that permit direct visualization of the bile and pancreatic ducts (cholangioscopy and pancreatoscopy, respectively). These endoscopes and catheters are passed through the working channel of a standard therapeutic duodenoscope during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). The SpyGlass Direct Visualization System (Boston Scientific Corp, Natick, MA, USA) is currently the most widely used and studied device. Cholangioscopy with intraductal lithotripsy has become an established modality in the treatment of difficult biliary lithiasis...
June 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases: JGLD
Mohammad S Khuroo, Ajaz A Rather, Naira S Khuroo, Mehnaaz S Khuroo
Hepatobiliary and pancreatic ascariasis (HPA) was described as a clinical entity from Kashmir, India in 1985. HPA is caused by invasion and migration of nematode, Ascaris lumbricoides, in to the biliary tract and pancreatic duct. Patients present with biliary colic, cholangitis, cholecystitis, hepatic abscesses and acute pancreatitis. Ascarides traverse the ducts repeatedly, get trapped and die, leading to formation of hepatolithiasis. HPA is ubiquitous in endemic regions and in Kashmir, one such region, HPA is the etiological factor for 36...
September 7, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Kosuke Minaga, Masayuki Kitano, Hajime Imai, Kentaro Yamao, Ken Kamata, Takeshi Miyata, Shunsuke Omoto, Kumpei Kadosaka, Tomoe Yoshikawa, Masatoshi Kudo
Acute obstructive suppurative cholangitis (AOSC) due to biliary lithiasis is a life-threatening condition that requires urgent biliary decompression. Although endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) with stent placement is the current gold standard for biliary decompression, it can sometimes be difficult because of failed biliary cannulation. In this retrospective case series, we describe three cases of successful biliary drainage with recovery from septic shock after urgent endoscopic ultrasound-guided choledochoduodenostomy (EUS-CDS) was performed for AOSC due to biliary lithiasis...
April 28, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Boudewijn De Vries, Rinse K Weersma
Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is a rare chronic liver disease of unknown etiology for which the only known curative treatment is liver transplantation. The disease is defined by progressive inflammation and fibrosis of the bile ducts, causing biliary strictures and cholestasis. Common complications of the disease are the presence of biliary lithiasis requiring stone extraction, and development of dominant bile duct strictures requiring balloon dilatation and stent placement through endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography...
March 2016: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
Gennaro Clemente, Agostino M De Rose, Rita Murri, Francesco Ardito, Gennaro Nuzzo, Felice Giuliante
BACKGROUND: Primary intrahepatic lithiasis is defined by the presence of gallstones at the level of cystic dilatations of the intrahepatic biliary tree. Liver resection is considered the treatment of choice, with the purpose of removing stones and atrophic parenchyma, also reducing the risk of cholangiocarcinoma. However, in consequence of the considerable incidence of infectious complications, postoperative morbidity remains high. The current study was designed to evaluate the impact of preoperative bacterial colonization of the bile ducts on postoperative outcome...
February 2016: World Journal of Surgery
Lionel Arrivé, Marianne Hodoul, Antoune Arbache, Lucie Slavikova-Boucher, Yves Menu, Sanaâ El Mouhadi
Magnetic resonance cholangiography (MRC) has become the standard of reference for imaging of the biliary ducts. The use of three-dimensional (3D) sequences has resulted in improved spatial resolution with virtually isotropic voxel and improved signal/noise ratio. In addition to MRC images, 3D fat suppressed T1-weighted MR images should be systematically obtained to search for intrahepatic calculi. MRC plays a major role in the diagnosis of cholangiocarcinoma and assessment of its resectability. With modern MR systems the performance of MR is basically the same that of CT for evaluation of arterial and portal vein extent...
December 2015: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology
O Bouali, C Trabanino, O Abbo, L Destombes, C Baunin, P Galinier
Choledochal cysts are rare congenital malformations of the biliary tract. Traumatic rupture of a choledochal cyst can be misleading. An 11-year-old boy was admitted for peritonitis and intestinal occlusion after blunt abdominal trauma, evolving over 48 h. Laparotomy revealed bile ascites and a suspected duodenal perforation. After referral to our center, a CT scan showed a perforated choledochal cyst. Six months later, a complete excision of the cyst was successfully performed. This treatment is mandatory because of the risk of further complications such as lithiasis, pancreatitis, cholangitis, biliary cirrhosis, and malignant transformation (cholangiocarcinoma)...
July 2015: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
Giuseppe Piccinni, Andrea Sciusco, Giuseppe Massimiliano De Luca, Angela Gurrado, Alessandro Pasculli, Mario Testini
Mirizzi's syndrome (MS) is a rare complication of the inveterate biliary lithiasis. Diagnostic and therapeutic standardization is still missing, especially since laparoscopic cholecystectomy has become the gold standard approach for symptomatic cholelithiasis. Our study is a retrospective analysis based on a case-series. It considered 370 cholecystectomies performed from 2006 to 2011. We selected 11 patients affected by MS (2.97%). We divided them according to Csendes' classification. Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangio-Pancreatography (ERCP) was used for biliary drainage when the patient suffered jaundice and/or cholangitis and, preoperatively, to confirm the suspicion of MS obtained through Magnetic Resonance Cholangio-Pancreatography (MRCP)...
September 2014: Annals of Hepatology
Yukihiro Sanada, Naoya Yamada, Masanobu Taguchi, Kazue Morishima, Naoya Kasahara, Yuji Kaneda, Atsushi Miki, Yasunao Ishiguro, Akira Kurogochi, Kazuhiro Endo, Masaru Koizumi, Hideki Sasanuma, Takehito Fujiwara, Yasunaru Sakuma, Atsushi Shimizu, Masanobu Hyodo, Naohiro Sata, Yoshikazu Yasuda
We report a 71-year-old man who had undergone pylorus-preserving pancreatoduodenectomy (PPPD) using PPPD-IV reconstruction for cholangiocarcinoma. For 6 years thereafter, he had suffered recurrent cholangitis, and also a right liver abscess (S5/8), which required percutaneous drainage at 9 years after PPPD. At 16 years after PPPD, he had been admitted to the other hospital because of acute purulent cholangitis. Although medical treatment resolved the cholangitis, the patient was referred to our hospital because of dilatation of the intrahepatic biliary duct (B2)...
July 2014: International Surgery
L Barbier, R Souche, K Slim, P Ah-Soune
Late complications arising after bile duct injury (BDI) include biliary strictures, hepatic atrophy, cholangitis and intra-hepatic lithiasis. Later, fibrosis or even secondary biliary cirrhosis and portal hypertension can develop, enhanced by prolonged biliary obstruction associated with recurrent cholangitis. Secondary biliary cirrhosis resulting in associated hepatic failure or digestive tract bleeding due to portal hypertension is a substantial risk factor for morbidity and mortality after bile duct repair...
September 2014: Journal of Visceral Surgery
Jean-Yves Mabrut, Reza Kianmanesh, Gennaro Nuzzo, Denis Castaing, Karim Boudjema, Christian Létoublon, Mustapha Adham, Christian Ducerf, François-René Pruvot, Nicolas Meurisse, Daniel Cherqui, Daniel Azoulay, Lorenzo Capussotti, Jan Lerut, Raymond Reding, Gilles Mentha, Adeline Roux, Jean-François Gigot
OBJECTIVE: To assess clinical presentation and long-term results of surgical management of congenital intrahepatic bile duct dilatation (IHBDD) (Caroli disease and syndrome) in a multicenter setting. BACKGROUND: Congenital IHBDD predisposes to biliary stasis, resulting in intrahepatic lithiasis, septic complications, and cholangiocarcinoma. Although liver resection (LR) is considered to be the treatment of choice for unilobar disease extent into the liver, the management of bilobar disease and/or associated congenital hepatic fibrosis remains challenging...
November 2013: Annals of Surgery
Jessica K Heimes, Stephen Waller, Mojtaba Olyee, Timothy M Schmitt
BACKGROUND: Biliary ascariasis is a common problem in Third World countries and other underdeveloped areas of the world. Ascaris lumbricoides migrates into the biliary tree, where it is apparent commonly on diagnostic imaging. We present a unique case of a patient with chronic right upper quadrant abdominal pain, massive hepatolithiasis, and stricture of a previous hepaticojejunostomy in whom ascariasis was found. METHODS: A 28-year-old female presented to the emergency department with right upper quadrant abdominal pain, syncope, and seizure-like activity...
October 2013: Surgical Infections
Giovanni D De Palma
The rate of choledocholithiasis in patients with symptomatic cholelithiasis is estimated to be approximately 10%-33%, depending on the patient's age. Development of Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography and Laparoscopic Surgery and improvement of diagnostic procedures have influenced new approaches to the management of common bile duct stones in association with gallstones. At present available minimally-invasive treatments of cholecysto-choledocal lithiasis include: single-stage laparoscopic treatment, perioperative endoscopic treatment and endoscopic treatment alone...
June 27, 2013: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Ming-Gen Hu, Guo-Dong Zhao, Cai-Guo Ouyang, Da-Bin Xu, Rong Liu
OBJECTIVE: Laparoscopic hepatectomy is widely used in the surgical treatment of left-sided hepatolithiasis (LSH). Lithotomy using a cholangioscope usually is required for the treatment of concurrent right-sided hepatolithiasis or choledocholithiasis. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of gallstone elimination using cholangioscopy through the left hepatic duct (LHD) orifice versus the common bile duct (CBD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eligible LSH patients (n=41) were scheduled for laparoscopic left lateral segmentectomy or left hemihepatectomy with intraoperative biliary exploration using cholangioscopy through the LHD orifice (LHD group, n=23) or the CBD (CBD group, n=18) at the discretion of patients...
April 2013: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Zhi-Jun Jiang, Ying Chen, Wei-Lin Wang, Yan Shen, Min Zhang, Hai-Yang Xie, Lin Zhou, Shu-Sen Zheng
BACKGROUND: Hepatolithiasis is very common in East Asia. It is benign in nature, but has a high recurrence rate. It is likely to lead to biliary cirrhosis and increase the risk of cholangiocarcinoma. Hence, the treatment of hepatolithiasis is difficult but vital. In this report, we present a novel approach to manage hepatolithiasis using the choledochoscopic Frequency-Doubled Double pulse Nd:YAG (FREDDY) laser lithotripsy combined with or without hepatectomy. METHODS: Between July 2009 and October 2012, 45 patients underwent choledochoscopic FREDDY laser lithotripsy combined with or without hepatectomy (laser lithotripsy group)...
April 2013: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
Gloria Vargas C
INTRODUCTION: Biliary conducts deep cannulation is a requirement for therapeutic Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangio-Pancreatography (ERCP). The pre-cut papillotomy is a technique for difficult cannulation cases. AIMS: Report cases of hard cannulation and suprapapilar fistulotomy as a method for selective common bile duct cannulation. Report efficacy, demographic and endoscopic findings and complications of this procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Observational, descriptive and prospective study of cases...
October 2012: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
Ju Tian, Jian-wei Li, Jian Chen, Yu-dong Fan, Ping Bie, Shu-guang Wang, Shu-guo Zheng
BACKGROUND: Hepatolithiasis removal is associated with high rates of postoperative residual and recurrence, which in some cases may require multiple surgeries. The progress and development of laparoscopic techniques introduced a new way of treating hepatolithiasis. However, the selection criteria for laparoscopic hepatolithiasis surgery, particularly among patients with a history of biliary surgery, remain undetermined. This study aimed to evaluate the safety, feasibility, and efficacy of reoperation for the treatment of hepatolithiasis via a laparoscopic approach...
April 2013: Surgical Endoscopy
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