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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670548/neural-correlates-of-semantic-inhibition-in-relation-to-hypomanic-traits-an-fmri-study
#1
Delphine Raucher-Chéné, Sarah Terrien, Fabien Gierski, Alexandre Obert, Stéphanie Caillies, Chrystel Besche-Richard, Arthur Kaladjian
Objectives: Language modifications are a core feature of mania, but little is known about the semantic mechanisms behind these disturbances. The aim of the present study was thus to identify deficits in semantic inhibition and their respective neural activation patterns in a sample of individuals assessed for hypomanic personality traits. Methods: Thirty-six young adults with no neurological or psychiatric diagnoses were assessed for hypomanic personality traits with the Hypomanic Personality Scale (HPS) and underwent an fMRI task of semantic ambiguity resolution...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668599/which-is-better-for-predicting-pelvic-lymph-node-metastases-in-patients-with-cervical-cancer-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomography-computed-tomography-or-a-sentinel-node-biopsy-a-retrospective-observational-study
#2
Tomohito Tanaka, Shun Sasaki, Hiromitsu Tsuchihashi, Yoshito Terai, Kazuhiro Yamamoto, Takashi Yamada, Masahide Ohmichi
Systematic pelvic lymph node resection may not be needed for patients with cervical cancer, especially in the early stage, if the pre- or intraoperative diagnosis of lymph node status is correct. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of pelvic lymph node metastasis for fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG PET/CT) and sentinel node biopsy (SNB) of cervical cancer patients.Forty-eight patients with cervical cancer were imaged with FDG PET/CT before radical hysterectomy and underwent an SNB followed by systematic pelvic lymph node dissection...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664050/association-between-perceived-stressfulness-of-stressful-life-events-and-the-suicidal-risk-in-chinese-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#3
Jing-Yu Lin, Yu Huang, Yun-Ai Su, Xin Yu, Xiao-Zhen Lyu, Qi Liu, Tian-Mei Si
Background: Patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) usually have high risk of suicidality. Few studies have investigated the effects of stressful life events (SLEs) on the risk of suicide in Chinese patients who have developed MDD. This study aimed to investigate the impact of SLEs on suicidal risk in Chinese patients with MDD. Methods: In total, 1029 patients with MDD were included from nine psychiatric hospitals to evaluate the impact of SLEs on suicidal risk...
April 20, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663065/-individual-activation-of-dementia-sufferers-in-a-home-setting-a-randomized-controlled-study
#4
Renate Stemmer, Elmar Gräßel, Martin Schmid
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The present project investigated the hypothesis that a multimodal individual activation of people with mild to moderate dementia in the home setting during a 6-month intervention period leads to improved everyday practice and cognitive abilities compared to the control group. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Intervention: a practical activation was performed by relatives 6 days per week. Cognitive stimulation took place once a week and was done by an external person...
April 16, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652112/mucopexy-recto-anal-lifting-mu-ral-a-standardized-minimally-invasive-method-of-managing-symptomatic-hemorrhoids-with-an-innovative-suturing-technique-and-the-hemorpex-system%C3%A2
#5
Claudio Pagano, Contardo Vergani, Carlo Invernizzi, Massimo Bussone, Guido Benegiamo, Marco Venturi
BACKGROUND: Conservative surgery of hemorrhoidal disease is less painful than traditional hemorrhoidectomy, and mucopexy has less risk of serious postoperative complications than stapled hemorrhoidopexy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of a standardized, modified hemorrhoidopexy, named Mucopexy-Recto Anal Lifting (MuRAL),with the HemorPex System (HPS) in patients with symptomatic III and IV degree hemorrhoids. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients were enrolled from May 2013 to Dec 2015 and operated on with the MuRAL technique, based on arterial ligation and mucopexy at 6 locations, using a standardized clockwise/anti-clockwise rotation sequence of the HPS anoscope...
April 12, 2018: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649346/decaborane-anion-tautomerism-ion-pairing-and-proton-transfer-control
#6
Sandra Pérez, Pablo J Sanz Miguel, Ramón Macías
The reaction of 1,8-bis(dimethylamino)naphthalene-which is often referred by the trade name Proton-Sponge (PS)-with decaborane in hexane afforded [HPS][B10H13] (1) salt as a pale-yellow precipitate. Variable-temperature NMR studies allowed the full assignment of 1H and 11B spectra for this familiar ten-vertex polyhedral anion. In addition, this work reveals that an increase in the temperature leads to the intramolecular exchange of three B-H-B hydrogen atoms around the hexagonal face of the boat-shaped cluster...
April 12, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626683/assessment-of-hemodynamic-changes-and-hyperperfusion-risk-following-extracranial-to-intracranial-bypass-surgery-using-intraoperative-indocyanine-green-based-flow-analysis
#7
Robert C Rennert, Ben A Strickland, Kristina Ravina, Joshua Bakhsheshian, Jonathan J Russin
BACKGROUND: Intra-operative blood flow assessments during cerebral bypass would ideally assess vessel patency, downstream perfusion, and risk of post-operative hyperperfusion syndrome (HPS). Previous studies using Indocyanine Green-based flow analyses (ICG-BFA) have identified multiple parameters that can intra-operatively track bypass-related changes in cerebral perfusion and potentially predict post-operative HPS risk. Herein, we determine the most robust parameter and anatomic location for intra-operative ICG-BFA assessment of bypass-related perfusion changes and prediction of post-operative HPS risk...
April 4, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619370/an-original-approach-to-evaluating-the-quality-of-blood-donor-selection-checking-donor-questionnaires-and-analyzing-donor-deferral-rate
#8
Philippe Gillet, Esther Neijens
Blood donor selection is a cornerstone for blood transfusion safety, designed to safeguard the health of both donors and recipients. In the Service du Sang, Belgian Red Cross, French and German-speaking part of Belgium (SFS), health professionals (HPs) are allowed to interview donors on their own after formal qualification. This qualification is afterward evaluated by means of two complementary quality indicators: monitoring of donor health questionnaires (DHQs) and analysis of donor deferral rate. The study aims to evaluate the degree to which both quality indicators may be useful and appropriate tools to evaluate the quality of blood donor selection...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618691/-monomac-syndrome-patient-developing-myelodysplastic-syndrome-following-persistent-ebv-infection
#9
Hideyuki Yamamoto, Hikaru Hattori, Erina Takagi, Takanobu Morishita, Yuichi Ishikawa, Seitaro Terakura, Tetsuya Nishida, Yoshinori Ito, Makoto Murata, Hitoshi Kiyoi
An 18-year-old man was diagnosed with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) -associated hemophagocytic syndrome (HPS) and treated with prednisolone (PSL) at a previous hospital. During PSL tapering, the HPS symptoms reappeared, and the patient was referred to our hospital. Increased PSL improved the symptoms, but the EBV infection remained unresolved. At age 20, he was admitted to our hospital for newly developed pneumonia and diagnosed with myelodysplastic syndrome (refractory cytopenia with multilineage dysplasia) (MDS-RCMD; normal karyotype, IPSS: Int-1) by bone marrow examination...
2018: [Rinshō Ketsueki] the Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614573/-eperythrozoonosis-complicated-with-hemophagocytic-syndrome-report-of-four-cases-and-review-of-literature
#10
J G Li, D Zhang, Z X Zhou, S N Li, M Kang, J M Lai
Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics of eperythrozoonosis complicated with hemophagocytic syndrome (HPS) in 4 children. Methods: Four patients diagnosed with eperythrozoonosis complicated with HPS in the Children's Hospital Affiliated Capital Institute of Pediatrics during the period from June 2014 to July 2016 were enrolled. The clinical manifestations, laboratory examination data and therapeutic strategies were analyzed. A literature search (search terms included 'eperythrozoonosis' and 'hemophagocytic syndrome') was conducted using CNKI, Wanfang database, Chinese biomedical literature database and PubMed to include recently published studies (searched from the database establishment to January 2017)...
April 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613889/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-in-a-pediatric-patient-with-hepatopulmonary-syndrome-and-interrupted-inferior-vena-cava-after-living-related-liver-donation
#11
Michael R Phillips, Marc Priest, Christopher Beaty, Robert Parker, Marisa Meyer, Stephen Dunn, Curtis D Froehlich, Daniel R Dirnberger, Abigail E Martin, Mark T Ogino
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is used for cardiopulmonary dysfunction. Hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS) occurs in the setting of liver failure and may cause hypoxemia. Previous reports have described the use of ECMO for HPS after liver transplant. Our patient is a 19-month-old female with biliary atresia, an interrupted inferior vena cava, and HPS on 8 liters per minute of high-flow oxygen. Following liver transplantation, her postoperative course was complicated by severe hypoxemia requiring ECMO...
March 30, 2018: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607431/evaluation-of-patients-with-gastric-polyps
#12
Sehmus Olmez, Suleyman Sayar, Bunyamin Saritas, Ayla Yildiz Savas, Ufuk Avcioglu, Ilyas Tenlik, Ersan Ozaslan, Hasan Tankut Koseoglu, Emin Altiparmak
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of gastric polyps (GPs) greatly differs according to study populations and was found to be 0.33%-6.7% in various studies. The majority of GPs are composed of hyperplastic polyps (HPs), fundic gland polyps (FGPs), and adenomatous polyps (APs). Although APs have a high risk of malignant potential, sporadic FGPs have no malignant potential. Conversely, HPs have a low risk of malignant potential. It is not sufficient to perform a biopsy to identify the polyp type and the presence of dysplasia; thus, some polyps may require multiple biopsies or total excision...
2018: Northern Clinics of Istanbul
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600982/variant-of-rare-hermansky-pudlak-syndrome-associated-with-granulomatous-colitis-diagnostics-clinical-course-and-treatment
#13
L Y Lozynska, A Plawski, M R Lozynska, I Vytvytskyi, R Y Lozynskyi, N Prokopchuk, B Tretiak
AIM: To study the relationship between the genotype and the phenotype in the patients with Hermansky - Pudlak syndrome (HPS) associated with granulomatous colitis; to monitor clinical course of the disease for adequate treatment, cancer surveillance and genetic counseling. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The diagnosis of HPS is established by physical examination, chest X-ray, computed tomography, endoscopic examination with biopsy, and laboratory tests, including histology, baseline laboratory blood, urine and feces tests, determination of ASCA-C and ANCA antibodies using an ELISA...
March 2018: Experimental Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599604/review-article-update-on-current-and-emergent-data-on-hepatopulmonary-syndrome
#14
REVIEW
Stergios Soulaidopoulos, Evangelos Cholongitas, George Giannakoulas, Maria Vlachou, Ioannis Goulis
Hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS) is a frequent pulmonary complication of end-stage liver disease, characterized by impaired arterial oxygenation induced by intrapulmonary vascular dilatation. Its prevalence ranges from 4% to 47% in patients with cirrhosis due to the different diagnostic criteria applied among different studies. Nitric oxide overproduction and angiogenesis seem to be the hallmarks of a complicated pathogenetic mechanism, leading to intrapulmonary shunting and ventilation-perfusion mismatch. A classification of HPS according to the severity of hypoxemia has been suggested...
March 28, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594676/patient-and-health-professional-satisfaction-with-an-interdisciplinary-patient-safety-program
#15
Oreto Ruiz-Millo, Mónica Climente-Martí, José Ramón Navarro-Sanz
Background Measuring humanistic outcomes is an important component of valuating healthcare services. There is a paucity of data on satisfaction with pharmacist implemented clinical services in long-term care settings. Objective To evaluate patient and health professional (HP) satisfaction with an interdisciplinary patient safety program performed in elderly patients with polypharmacy admitted to a long-term care hospital (LTCH). Method An interventional, longitudinal, prospective study was conducted in a Spanish LTCH...
March 28, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594405/quantitative-qpcr-analysis-of-ruminal-microorganisms-in-beef-cattle-grazing-in-pastures-in-the-rainy-season-and-supplemented-with-different-protein-levels
#16
Renata Pereira da Silva-Marques, Joanis Tilemahos Zervoudakis, Luciano Nakazato, Luciano da Silva Cabral, Luciana Keiko Hatamoto-Zervoudakis, Maria Isabel Leite da Silva, Núbia Bezerra do Nascimento Matos, Letícia Camara Pitchenin
We tested the hypothesis that supplementation with three protein levels improves fermentation parameters without changing the rumen microbial population of grazing beef cattle in the rainy season. Four rumen-cannulated Nellore bulls (432 ± 21 kg of body weight) were used in a 4 × 4 Latin square design with four supplements and four experimental periods of 21 days each. The treatments were mineral supplement (ad libitum) and supplements with low, medium (MPS), and high protein supplement (HPS), supplying 106, 408, and 601 g/day of CP, respectively...
March 28, 2018: Current Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593021/lifestyle-advice-to-cancer-survivors-a-qualitative-study-on-the-perspectives-of-health-professionals
#17
Dimitrios A Koutoukidis, Sonia Lopes, Abigail Fisher, Kate Williams, Helen Croker, Rebecca J Beeken
OBJECTIVES: Adoption of healthy lifestyle behaviours has shown promising effectiveness in reducing the high morbidity burden of cancer survivors. Health professionals (HPs) are well suited to provide lifestyle advice but few survivors report receiving guidance from them. This study aimed to explore HPs' perspective of lifestyle advice (on healthy eating, physical activity, smoking, and alcohol) for cancer survivors. DESIGN: In-depth semistructured qualitative interviews were conducted by telephone or face to face...
March 27, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580292/hermansky-pudlak-syndrome-type-2-manifests-with-fibrosing-lung-disease-early-in-childhood
#18
Meike Hengst, Lutz Naehrlich, Poornima Mahavadi, Joerg Grosse-Onnebrink, Suzanne Terheggen-Lagro, Lars Høsøien Skanke, Luise A Schuch, Frank Brasch, Andreas Guenther, Simone Reu, Julia Ley-Zaporozhan, Matthias Griese
BACKGROUND: Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome (HPS), a hereditary multisystem disorder with oculocutaneous albinism, may be caused by mutations in one of at least 10 separate genes. The HPS-2 subtype is distinguished by the presence of neutropenia and knowledge of its pulmonary phenotype in children is scarce. METHODS: Six children with genetically proven HPS-2 presented to the chILD-EU register between 2009 and 2017; the data were collected systematically and imaging studies were scored blinded...
March 27, 2018: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577325/increased-transpiration-is-correlated-with-reduced-boron-deficiency-symptoms-in-the-maize-tassel-less1-mutant
#19
Michaela S Matthes, Janlo M Robil, Thu Tran, Ashten Kimble, Paula McSteen
Loss-of-function mutations of the tassel-less1 (tls1) gene in maize, which is the co-ortholog of the Arabidopsis boron (B) importer NIP5;1, leads to the loss of reproductive structures (tassels and ears). The tls1 phenotypes can be rescued by B supplementation in the field and in the greenhouse. As the rescue with B supplementation is variable in the field, we investigated additional abiotic factors, potentially causing this variation in controlled greenhouse conditions. We found that the B-dependent rescue of the tls1 mutant tassel phenotype was enhanced when plants were grown with a mix of high pressure sodium (HPS) and metal halide (MH) lamps...
March 26, 2018: Physiologia Plantarum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573893/health-care-providers-perceptions-of-family-caregivers-involvement-in-consultations-within-a-geriatric-hospital-setting
#20
Daniela Koren, Rebekah Laidsaar-Powell, Wendy Tilden, Mark Latt, Phyllis Butow
This study explored health professionals' (HPs') experiences of interacting with family care-givers (FCs), and the strategies they employ during these interactions. Qualitative methods involved audio-taped and transcribed in-depth semi-structured interviews with 21 HPs (doctors, nurses) from the geriatric wards of two tertiary hospitals. Framework methods were used to analyze data. Seven main themes emerged: Variation in family behaviours; FCs face many challenges; Psychosocial factors influence FCs' behaviours; Attitudes, competing responsibilities and lack of resources influencing HPs' strategies and behaviours; Strategies employed by HPs to improve communication; HPs' self-care strategies; Impact of interactions on HPs and the healthcare system...
March 21, 2018: Geriatric Nursing
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