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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783197/quantification-of-21-antihypertensive-drugs-in-serum-using-uhplc-ms-ms
#1
Per Ole M Gundersen, Arne Helland, Olav Spigset, Solfrid Hegstad
BACKGROUND: Poor drug adherence in hypertensive patients can lead to treatment failure and increased cardiovascular morbidity, as well as increased costs to society. An analytical method based on ultra-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MSMS) was developed and validated for use in routine therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM). The method includes 21 antihypertensive drugs or active metabolites from the groups beta blockers (n=5), calcium antagonists (n=5), angiotensin II receptor antagonists (n=4), angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors (n=3) and diuretics (n = 3), in addition to one α1-selective alpha blocker...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782289/-the-effect-of-changing-of-conventional-antihypertensive-therapy-to-a-triple-fixed-combination-therapy-with-rosuvastatin-in-high-cardiovascular-risk-patients
#2
F T Ageev, Z N Blankova, N S Samsonova
BACKGROUND: The low efficiency of recommended therapy for reducing cardiovascular risk (CV) in patients with arterial hypertension even with an effective blood pressure decrease is often due to the persistence of high blood cholesterol and arterial stiffness. Among the effective ways to achieve the goal of therapy is considered the changing to a single-pill combinations (SPCs) of two antihypertensive drugs and statin. AIM: To assess influence of fixed combination consisted of amlodipine, lisinopril and rosuvastatin to the dynamic of lipid spectrum, blood pressure level and elastic properties of arteries in patients with arterial hypertension and high risk of cardio-vascular complications being transferred from their preceding antihypertensive therapy...
2018: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728439/angioedema-of-the-small-bowel-caused-by-lisinopril
#3
Mark Terence P Mujer, Manoj P Rai, Divyesh Reddy Nemakayala, Julie L Yam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 4, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687225/hyphenated-3d-qsar-statistical-model-drug-repurposing-analysis-for-the-identification-of-potent-neuraminidase-inhibitor
#4
K Rohini, V Shanthi
The Influenza A virus is one of the principle causes of respiratory illness in human. The surface glycoprotein of the influenza virus, neuraminidase (NA), has a vital role in the release of new viral particle and spreads infection in the respiratory tract. It has been long recognized as a valid drug target for influenza A virus infection. Oseltamivir is used as a standard drug of choice for the treatment of influenza. However, the emergence of mutants with novel mutations has increased the resistance to potent NA inhibitor...
April 23, 2018: Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672270/role-of-atrial-natriuretic-peptide-in-controlling-diabetic-nephropathy-in-rats
#5
Lakhwinder Singh, Atul Arya, Sumeet Gupta
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is a downregulator of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), resulting in reduced nitric oxide level and low expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase by which nitric oxide level get reduced. In the present study, we examined the role of ANP in reduced nitric oxide level, which may be responsible in controlling diabetic nephropathy in rats. METHODS: Serum nitrite/nitrate ratio, blood urea nitrogen, protein in urine, urinary output, serum creatinine, serum cholesterol, kidney weight, kidney hypertrophy, renal cortical collagen content, thiobarbituric acid level, and antioxidant enzymatic activities were assessed...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621403/amelioration-of-diabetes-induced-diabetic-nephropathy-by-aloe-vera-implication-of-oxidative-stress-and-hyperlipidemia
#6
Mandeep Kumar Arora, Yogesh Sarup, Ritu Tomar, Mary Singh, Puspendra Kumar
This study investigated the effect of Aloe vera in diabetes-induced nephropathy in rats. As diabetes-associated hyperlipidemia and oxidative stress have been implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy, we evaluated the protective effect of whole leaf extract of Aloe vera on the basis of its hypolipidemic and antioxidative property. Aloe vera (300 mg/kg orally) has been noted to possess renoprotective effect in experimental diabetic nephropathy. However, its mechanism is not fully understood. Rats were administered streptozotocin (STZ) (55 mg/kg intraperitoneally once) to induce experimental diabetes mellitus...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551122/glucose-monitoring-dermopathy
#7
Warren R Heymann
A 75-year-old man had been monitoring his glucose using a blood glucose monitoring system at the same body site for at least 20 years (>7300 needlesticks). The asymptomatic skin lesion had been present for many years. He used the same site because it hurt less than the fingers and bled well. His medical history was remarkable for diabetes mellitus, hypertension, coronary artery disease, and a pacemaker. His medications included glipizide, metformin, carvedilol, furosemide, lisinopril, amlodipine, clopidogrel, and aspirin...
2018: Skinmed
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530222/should-we-switch-from-bendrofluazide-to-chlorthalidone-as-the-initial-treatment-for-hypertension-a-review-of-the-available-medication
#8
Bruce Arroll, Henry Wallace
INTRODUCTION Thiazide diuretics are commonly prescribed in the treatment of hypertension. However, thiazide diuretics may not all be equal in their ability to reduce cardiovascular disease outcomes. AIM To determine if bendroflumethiazide/bendrofluazide, the most commonly used diuretic for hypertension in New Zealand, is as effective as other diuretics in terms of cardiovascular disease outcomes. METHODS Using recent reviews of thiazide-like (chlorthalidone or indapamide) and thiazide-type diuretics (hydrochlorothiazide and bendrofluazide) and a separate search of bendrofluazide, data on cardiovascular disease outcomes was extracted...
June 2017: Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502027/potent-ace-inhibitors-from-5-hydroxy-indanone-derivatives
#9
Hanmanth Reddy Vulupala, Yasodakrishna Sajja, Pankaj K Bagul, Raviteja Bandla, Lingaiah Nagarapu, Sanjay K Benerjee
A novel triazole derivatives(±)-2-(hydroxymethyl)-7,8-dihydro-1H-indeno[5,4-b]furan-6(2H)-one (12a-j) were designed and synthesized by the reaction between racemic azide and terminal acetylenes under click chemistry reaction conditions followed by biological evaluation as angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. β-Amino alcohol derivatives of 1-indanone (15a-l) were synthesized from 5-hydroxy indanone, it was reacted with epichlorohydrin and followed by oxirane ring opening with various piperazine derivatives...
April 2018: Bioorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466227/-lizinopril-in-the-treatment-of-arterial-hypertension
#10
V I Podzolkov, A I Tarsimanova
Despite availability of a wide selection of antihypertensive drugs, only a small portion of patients with arterial hypertension are treated effectively. Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) are considered drugs of first choice for starting therapy of uncomplicated arterial hypertension. Among large number of representatives of this class lisinopril deserves special attention as one of best known and well-studied ACEIs. Wide spectrum of activity and proven organoprotective qualities of lisinopril allow to use it a variety of situations...
September 2017: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453287/adoption-of-sacubitril-valsartan-for-the-management-of-patients-with-heart-failure
#11
Lindsey R Sangaralingham, S Jeson Sangaralingham, Nilay D Shah, Xiaoxi Yao, Shannon M Dunlay
BACKGROUND: The US Food and Drug Administration approved the use of sacubitril/valsartan in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction in July 2015. We aimed to assess the adoption and prescription drug costs of sacubitril/valsartan in its first 18 months after Food and Drug Administration approval. METHODS AND RESULTS: Using a large US insurance database, we identified privately insured and Medicare Advantage beneficiaries who filled a first prescription for sacubitril/valsartan between July 1, 2015, and December 31, 2016...
February 2018: Circulation. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404033/fast-and-sensitive-lc-ms-ms-method-for-the-simultaneous-determination-of-lisinopril-and-hydrochlorothiazide-in-human-plasma
#12
Jaivik V Shah, Priyanka A Shah, Priya V Shah, Mallika Sanyal, Pranav S Shrivastav
A sensitive and rapid liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method has been developed for the simultaneous determination of lisinopril (LIS) and hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) in human plasma using their labeled internal standards (ISs). Sample pre-treatment involved solid phase extraction on Waters Oasis HLB cartridges using 100 µL of plasma, followed by liquid chromatography on Hypersil Gold C18 (50 mm×3.0 mm, 5 µm) column. The analytes were eluted within 2.0 min using acetonitrile-5...
June 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360915/the-effects-of-egfr-change-on-cvd-renal-and-mortality-outcomes-in-a-hypertensive-cohort-treated-with-3-different-antihypertensive-medications
#13
Joshua I Barzilay, Barry R Davis, Sara L Pressel, Alokananda Ghosh, Mahboob Rahman, Paula T Einhorn, William C Cushman, Paul K Whelton, Jackson T Wright
BACKGROUND: Impaired renal function is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, end-stage renal disease (ESRD), and mortality. The impact of short-term renal function decline on outcomes is less well studied. The association of antihypertensive medications with the impact of short-term estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) decline is not known. METHODS: We examined 20,207 hypertensive participants with baseline and 2-year creatinine levels from which eGFR changes were estimated...
April 13, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276932/-lisinopril-amlodipine-rosuvastatin-as-a-novel-fixed-combination-in-the-fight-against-cardiovascular-disease
#14
A E Semenova, I V Sergienko
The prevalence of multicomponent therapy in treatment of cardiovascular diseases makes fixed combinations of drugs very useful. The fixed combination of rosuvastatin with ACE inhibitor lisinopril and calcium antagonist amlodipine allows to control effectively two main cardiovascular risk factors: hypercholesterolemia and arterial hypertension. The efficacy of each of the components and their combined administration in primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease has been demonstrated in clinical studies...
October 2017: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276907/-regulatory-adaptive-status-in-determining-the-effectiveness-of-bisoprololum-and-sotalolum-in-patients-with-hypertensive-disease-and-paroxysmal-supraventricular-tachycardia
#15
V G Tregubov, V M Pokrovsky, N M Nazhalkina
AIM: To determine efficacy of bisoprolol and sotalol treatments in patients with paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) and essential hypertension (EH) considering effects of these treatments on the regulatory adaptive status (RAS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 49 patients with paroxysmal SVT associated with stage II-III EH randomized to two groups of either bisoprolol (6.9±2.2 mg/day, n=25) or sotalol (162.5±46.2 mg/day, n=24) treatment. Lisinopril (14...
2017: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241309/involvement-of-endothelial-nitric-oxide-synthase-activation-in-midkine-mediated-central-hypotensive-effects
#16
Ching-Huang Lin, Jun-Yen Pan, Jung-Jui Chang, Hsin-Hung Chen, Pei-Wen Cheng, Ching-Jiunn Tseng
The growth factor midkine (MK) has been implicated in various biologic and pathologic events. It has been shown that the peripheral influence of MK on cardiovascular regulation is due to an influence on the renin-angiotensin system (RAS). The nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) is the primary integrative center for cardiovascular control and other autonomic functions in the central nervous system. However, the signaling mechanisms involved in MK-mediated cardiovascular effects in the NTS remain unclear. In this study, we investigated whether the RAS and/or N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor-calmodulin-endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) signaling pathways were both involved in MK-mediated blood pressure (BP) regulation in the NTS of Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats...
December 31, 2017: Chinese Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236651/recognizing-a-rare-phenomenon-of-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-inhibitors-visceral-angioedema-presenting-with-chronic-diarrhea-a-case-report
#17
Joseph Gabriel Gabriel, Venkatasriharsha Vedantam, Aaysha Kapila, Kailash Bajaj
INTRODUCTION: Peripheral angioedema of the face and upper airways is a well-known phenomenon of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors occurring in only 0.1% to 0.7% of patients. We describe a case of the even less-common manifestation of visceral angioedema, which causes symptoms of chronic and intractable diarrhea. CASE PRESENTATION: A 68-year-old white woman presented with large-volume diarrhea, caused by visceral angioedema secondary to lisinopril therapy...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232287/the-effects-of-known-cardioprotective-drugs-on-proinflammatory-cytokine-secretion-from-human-coronary-artery-endothelial-cells
#18
Michael J Haas, Marilu Jurado-Flores, Ramadan Hammoud, Victoria Feng, Krista Gonzales, Luisa Onstead-Haas, Arshag D Mooradian
BACKGROUND: Endothelial cell dysfunction in diabetes is involved in the pathogenesis and progression of premature atherosclerosis. High-dextrose has been shown to induce both oxidative stress and endoplasmic reticulum stress in cultured human coronary artery endothelial cells (HCAEC). STUDY QUESTION: To determine whether or not several classes of cardioprotective drugs inhibit proinflammatory cytokine expression by HCAEC. MEASURES AND OUTCOMES: To determine the effects of high dextrose on expression of proinflammatory cytokines by HCAEC, cells were treated with either 5...
November 27, 2017: American Journal of Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212812/pharmacologic-prevention-of-incident-atrial-fibrillation-long-term-results-from-the-allhat-antihypertensive-and-lipid-lowering-treatment-to-prevent-heart-attack-trial
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Thomas A Dewland, Elsayed Z Soliman, Jose-Miguel Yamal, Barry R Davis, Alvaro Alonso, Christine M Albert, Lara M Simpson, L Julian Haywood, Gregory M Marcus
BACKGROUND: Although atrial fibrillation (AF) guidelines indicate that pharmacological blockade of the renin-angiotensin system may be considered for primary AF prevention in hypertensive patients, previous studies have yielded conflicting results. We sought to determine whether randomization to lisinopril reduces incident AF or atrial flutter (AFL) compared with chlorthalidone in a large clinical trial cohort with extended post-trial surveillance. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed a secondary analysis of the ALLHAT (Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial), a randomized, double-blind, active-controlled clinical trial that enrolled hypertensive individuals ≥55 years of age with at least one other cardiovascular risk factor...
December 2017: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148163/development-and-validation-of-a-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-method-for-determination-of-lisinopril-in-human-plasma-by-magnetic-solid-phase-extraction-and-pre-column-derivatization
#20
Noushin Rastkari, Reza Ahmadkhaniha
A sensitive, reliable and simple HPLC method was developed for the determination of lisinopril in human plasma. The method consists of extraction and clean-up steps based on magnetic solid-phase extraction and pre-column derivatization with a fluorescent reagent. The mobile phase consisted of a mixture of methanol-sodium dihydrogen phosphate (pH 3.0; 0.005 m; 75:25, v/v). The flow rate was set at 0.7 mL/min. Fluorescence detection was performed at 470nm excitation and 530nm emission wavelengths. Total chromatography run time was 5 min...
March 2018: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
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