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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445490/the-effect-of-swimming-exercise-on-adenine-induced-kidney-disease-in-rats-and-the-influence-of-curcumin-or-lisinopril-thereon
#1
Badreldin H Ali, Turan Karaca, Yousuf Al Suleimani, Mohammed Al Za'abi, Jamila Al Kalbani, Mohammed Ashique, Abderrahim Nemmar
Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have been reported to benefit from different types of exercises. It has also been shown that the ACE inhibitor lisinopril, and the natural product curcumin are also beneficial in different models of CKD in rats. We assessed the influence of moderate swimming exercise (SE) on rats with adenine-induced CKD, and tested the possible effects of lisinopril and/or curcumin thereon using several physiological, biochemical, histopathological and immunohistochemical parameters...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439946/efficacy-and-safety-of-twice-vs-once-daily-dosing-of-lisinopril-for-hypertension
#2
Tiffany Tsai, Miranda E Kroehl, Steven M Smith, Angela M Thompson, Isabella Y Dai, Katy E Trinkley
This retrospective cohort study compared administration of lisinopril twice daily and once daily for hypertension. Data were collected from an ambulatory electronic health record between 2011 and 2014. Patients previously receiving lisinopril 20 mg were placed into the once-daily cohort if changed to 40 mg once daily or into the twice-daily cohort if changed to 20 mg twice daily. Efficacy outcome measures were change in systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure and achievement of blood pressure control (<140/90 mm Hg)...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436727/impact-of-switching-from-different-treatment-regimens-to-a-fixed-dose-combination-pill-polypill-in-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease-or-similarly-high-risk
#3
Melvin Lafeber, Wilko Spiering, Frank Lj Visseren, Diederick E Grobbee, Michiel L Bots, Alice Stanton, Anushka Patel, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Ruth Webster, Simon Thom, Anthony Rodgers
Aims Cardiovascular fixed-dose combination pills, or polypills, may help address the widespread lack of access and adherence to proven medicines. Initiation of polypill-based care typically entails switching from current separately taken medications. Given the heterogeneity in usual care, there is interest in the impact of polypill treatment across different patterns of prior medication regimen. Methods A total of 2004 participants with established cardiovascular disease or estimated 5-year cardiovascular risk of over 15% were randomised to polypill-based treatment (aspirin 75 mg, simvastatin 40 mg, lisinopril 10 mg and either atenolol 50 mg or hydrochlorothiazide 12...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432191/gene-expression-effects-of-glucocorticoid-and-mineralocorticoid-receptor-agonists-and-antagonists-on-normal-human-skeletal-muscle
#4
Jessica A Chadwick, James Spencer Hauck, Celso E Gomez-Sanchez, Elise P Gomez-Sanchez, Jill A Rafael-Fortney
Mineralocorticoid and glucocorticoid receptors are closely related steroid hormone receptors that regulate gene expression through many of the same hormone response elements. However, their transcriptional activities and effects in skeletal muscles are largely unknown. We recently identified mineralocorticoid receptors (MR) in skeletal muscles after finding that combined treatment with the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor lisinopril and MR antagonist spironolactone was therapeutic in Duchenne muscular dystrophy mouse models...
April 21, 2017: Physiological Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430947/electrocardiographic-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-predicts-cardiovascular-morbidity-and-mortality-in-hypertensive-patients-the-allhat-study
#5
Casper N Bang, Elsayed Z Soliman, Lara M Simpson, Barry R Davis, Richard B Devereux, Peter M Okin
BACKGROUND: Electrocardiographic (ECG) left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is a strong predictor of cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality. However, the predictive value of ECG LVH in treated hypertensive patients remains unclear. METHODS: A total of 33,357 patients (aged ≥ 55 years) with hypertension and at least 1 other coronary heart disease (CHD) risk factor were randomized to chlorthalidone, amlodipine, or lisinopril. The outcome of the present study was all-cause mortality; and secondary endpoints were CHD, nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, angina, heart failure (HF), and peripheral arterial disease...
April 19, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416926/the-role-of-cyclooxygenase-enzymes-in-the-effects-of-losartan-and-lisinopril-on-the-contractions-of-rat-thoracic-aorta
#6
Fikriye Yasemin Ozatik, Bilgin Kaygisiz, Kevser Erol
OBJECTIVE: It was suggested that prostaglandins which are synthesized by cyclooxygenase (COX) enzymes contribute to the actions of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition and angiotensin AT1 receptor antagonism and there is an interaction between ACE signaling pathway and COX enzymes. We aim to investigate the role of COX enzymes in the effects of losartan, an angiotensin II (Ang II) receptor antagonist or lisinopril, an ACE inhibitor, on the contractions of rat thoracic aorta in isolated tissue bath...
February 2017: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414683/recurrent-hypertriglyceridemic-pancreatitis-htgp-and-the-use-of-insulin-drip-as-treatment
#7
T Tran, N Lee
INTRODUCTION: Chronic pancreatitis by definition is a recurrent episode of acute pancreatitis and is commonly associated with alcoholism in the US. Another cause of chronic pancreatitis is hypertriglyceridemia (HTGP);, occurring in 1-5 percent of cases. The incidence of HTGP is higher in patients with diabetes and HIV, usually requiring triglyceride levels > 1000 mg/dL. CASE: A 33 year old man with uncontrolled type 1 diabetes and recurrent pancreatitis, first diagnosed 5 years prior, presented as a transfer from an outside hospital for a recurrent episode of HTGP...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401798/most-frequently-reported-prescription-medications-and-supplements-in-couples-planning-pregnancy-the-life-study
#8
Kristin Palmsten, Katrina F Flores, Christina D Chambers, Lauren A Weiss, Rajeshwari Sundaram, Germaine M Buck Louis
OBJECTIVE: To identify frequently reported prescription medications and supplements among couples planning pregnancy because there is a lack of descriptive information on these agents in women and men who are trying to conceive. METHODS: Five hundred one couples enrolled in the Longitudinal Study of Infertility and the Environment, which took place between 2005 and 2009. Participants reported prescription medications as well as prescription and over-the-counter supplements used through interviews at study enrollment and through daily dairies during the 12-month follow-up...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397088/combination-of-anti-hypertensive-drugs-a-molecular-dynamics-simulation-study
#9
Abbas Yousefpour, Hamid Modarress, Fatemeh Goharpey, Sepideh Amjad-Iranagh
The anti-hypertensive drugs amlodipine, atenolol and lisinopril, in ordinary and PEGylated forms, with different combined-ratios, were studied by molecular dynamics simulations using GROMACS software. Twenty simulation systems were designed to evaluate the interactions of drug mixtures with a dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC) lipid bilayer membrane, in the presence of water molecules. In the course of simulations, various properties of the systems were investigated, including drug location, diffusion and mass distribution in the membrane; drug orientation; the lipid chain disorder as a result of drug penetration into the DMPC membrane; the number of hydrogen bonds; and drug surface area...
May 2017: Journal of Molecular Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364692/the-effect-of-three-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-inhibitors-on-kynurenic-acid-production-in-rat-kidney-in-vitro
#10
Izabela Zakrocka, Tomasz Kocki, Waldemar A Turski
BACKGROUND: The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is commonly known to regulate blood pressure, water and electrolyte homeostasis, however it also exerts paracrine and autocrine actions on the kidney. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE-Is), alongside their hypotensive properties, have been shown to decrease kidney function decline in animal models of nephropathy. Glutamate (GLU) is the main stimulatory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system, however its importance in the periphery should also be considered...
January 31, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348897/ace-inhibitor-induced-angioedema-following-cervical-spine-surgery
#11
Faris Hannoodi, Hussam Sabbagh
Angioedema is a well-known side effect of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEi). However, ACE inhibitors induced angioedema after cervical surgery is a rare condition. They result in increased levels of circulating bradykinins. Rare cases of angioedema following local trauma in patients using ACE inhibitors have been published. We present such a case. A 54-year-old Caucasian female with a history significant for hypertension, controlled with lisinopril, was admitted for routine cervical spine surgery...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339378/stability-of-allopurinol-amitriptyline-hydrochloride-carbamazepine-domperidone-isoniazid-ketoconazole-lisinopril-naproxen-paracetamol-acetaminophen-and-sertraline-hydrochloride-in-syrspend-sf-ph4-oral-suspensions
#12
Hudson C Polonini, Sharlene Loures, Edson Peter de Araujo, Marcos Antônio F Brandão, Anderson O Ferreira
Oral liquids are safe alternatives to solid dosage forms, notably for elderly and pediatric patients that present dysphagia. The use of ready-to-use suspending vehicles such as SyrSpend SF PH4 is a suitable resource for pharmacists as they constitute a safe and timesaving option that has been studied often. The objective of this study was to evaluate the stability of 10 commonly used active pharmaceutical ingredients (allopurinol 20 mg/mL; amitriptyline hydrochloride 10 mg/mL; carbamazepine 25 mg/mL; domperidone 5 mg/mL; isoniazid 10 mg/mL; ketoconazole 20 mg/mL; lisinopril 1 mg/mL; naproxen 25 mg/mL; paracetamol [acetaminophen] 50 mg/mL; and sertraline hydrochloride 10 mg/mL) compounded in oral suspensions using SyrSpend SF PH4 as the vehicle throughout the study period and stored both at controlled refrigerated (2°C to 8°C) and room temperature (20°C to 25°C)...
September 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332406/continuous-glucose-monitor-interference-with-commonly-prescribed-medications
#13
Ananda Basu, Michael Q Slama, Wayne T Nicholson, Loralie Langman, Thomas Peyser, Rickey Carter, Rita Basu
BACKGROUND: Reliability of continuous glucose monitors (CGM) is a prerequisite for therapeutic dosing of insulin without the need for confirmatory blood glucose meter measurements. Interference of CGMs with commonly prescribed substances has not been extensively evaluated. METHODS: We sought to undertake a novel pilot study to determine the susceptibility of FDA-approved CGM systems (Medtronic Guardian Sof-Sensor, Dexcom G4 Platinum) to erroneous readings in the presence of common medications...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290816/-effects-of-amlodipine-lisinopril-fixed-dose-combination-on-severity-of-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-and-parameters-of-myocardial-stiffness-in-patients-with-hypertension
#14
O D Ostroumova, A I Kochetkov
AIM: To assess effects of 12 weeks treatment with the amlodipine/lisinopril fixed-dose combination (ALFDC) on the left ventricular (LV) mass index (LVMI), parameters of LV and left atrial stiffness. METHODS: At phase 1 of the study we examined 44 healthy subjects (21 men, 23 women, mean age 51.5+/-1.0 years) and 60 untreated patients (31 men, 29 women, mean age 53.6+/-0.8 years) with stage II grade 1-2hypertension. Myocardial stiffness parameters, LVMI were calculated using data of transthoracic echocardiography...
December 2016: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155333/cardioprotective-role-of-zofenopril-in-hypertensive-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction-a-pooled-individual-data-analysis-of-the-smile-studies
#15
Claudio Borghi, Stefano Omboni, Giorgio Reggiardo, Stefano Bacchelli, Daniela Degli Esposti, Ettore Ambrosioni
PURPOSE: The four SMILE studies demonstrated that early administration of zofenopril following acute myocardial infarction is prognostically beneficial compared to placebo or other angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. In the present retrospective pooled analysis of individual SMILE studies, we evaluated the efficacy of zofenopril on cardiovascular (CV) outcomes in 1880 hypertensive and 1662 normotensive patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four hundred and forty-nine hypertensives and 486 normotensives were treated with placebo, 980 and 786 with zofenopril 30-60 mg daily, 252 and 259 with lisinopril 5-10 mg daily, 199 and 131 with ramipril 10 mg daily, for 6 to 48 weeks...
February 3, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125922/ace-inhibitor-induced-angioedema-of-the-small-bowel
#16
Kent L Wilin, Michael J Czupryn, Richard Mui, Anas Renno, Julie A Murphy
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are known to cause angioedema. Most ACE inhibitor-induced angioedema cases describe swelling in the periorbital region, tongue, and pharynx. We describe a case of a 62-year-old female with presumed angioedema of the small bowel after more than a 2-year history of lisinopril use (with no recent changes in her dose of 40 mg orally twice daily). The patient presented with nausea and intermittent left middle and upper quadrant abdominal pain and denied history of angioedema or swelling with any medications or any history of abdominal pain...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111218/betanin-isolated-from-fruits-of-opuntia-elatior-mill-attenuates-renal-fibrosis-in-diabetic-rats-through-regulating-oxidative-stress-and-tgf-%C3%AE-pathway
#17
Brijesh Sutariya, Madhusudan Saraf
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The fruits of Opuntia elatior Mill are being used traditionally in different disease condition like diabetes, obesity, asthma, inflammatory disorders, and anemia. Betanin, a compound isolated from fruits of Opuntia elatior Mill has potent anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory activity. Recent study from our lab indicated the protective effect of betanin against high glucose induced rat renal epithelial cell fibrosis and matrix accumulation, major features of diabetic nephropathy (DN)...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101033/maximizing-the-benefit-cost-ratio-of-anthracyclines-in-metastatic-breast-cancer-case-report-of-a-patient-with-a-complete-response-to-high-dose-doxorubicin
#18
Kevin Shee, Alan T Kono, Susan P D'Anna, Mark A Seltzer, Xiaoying Lu, Todd W Miller, Mary D Chamberlin
Despite the clinical efficacy of anthracycline agents such as doxorubicin, dose-limiting cardiac toxicities significantly limit their long-term use. Here, we present the case of a 33-year-old female patient with extensive metastatic ER+/PR+/HER2- mucinous adenocarcinoma of the breast, who was started on doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide therapy after progressing on paclitaxel and ovarian suppressor goserelin with aromatase inhibitor exemestane. The patient was comanaged by cardiology, who carefully monitored measures of cardiac function, including EKGs, serial echocardiograms, and profiling of lipids, troponin, and pro-BNP every 2 months...
September 2016: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002889/variability-in-response-to-albuminuria-lowering-drugs-true-or-random
#19
Sergei I Petrykiv, Dick de Zeeuw, Frederik Persson, Peter Rossing, Ron T Gansevoort, Gozewijn D Laverman, Hiddo J L Heerspink
AIMS: Albuminuria-lowering drugs have shown different effect size in different individuals. Since urine albumin levels are known to vary considerably from day-to-day, we questioned whether the between-individual variability in albuminuria response after therapy initiation reflects a random variability or a true response variation to treatment. In addition, we questioned whether the response variability is drug dependent. METHODS: To determine whether the response to treatment is random or a true drug response, we correlated in six clinical trials the change in albuminuria during placebo or active treatment (on-treatment) with the change in albuminuria during wash-out (off-treatment)...
December 21, 2016: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992423/angiotensin-converting-enzyme-regulates-cell-proliferation-and-migration
#20
Erika Costa de Alvarenga, Matheus de Castro Fonseca, Clarissa Coelho Carvalho, Rodrigo Machado Florentino, Andressa França, Eveline Matias, Paola Bianchi Guimarães, Carolina Batista, Valder Freire, Adriana Karaoglanovic Carmona, João Bosco Pesquero, Ana Maria de Paula, Giselle Foureaux, Maria de Fatima Leite
BACKGROUND: The angiotensin-I converting enzyme (ACE) plays a central role in the renin-angiotensin system, acting by converting the hormone angiotensin-I to the active peptide angiotensin-II (Ang-II). More recently, ACE was shown to act as a receptor for Ang-II, and its expression level was demonstrated to be higher in melanoma cells compared to their normal counterparts. However, the function that ACE plays as an Ang-II receptor in melanoma cells has not been defined yet. AIM: Therefore, our aim was to examine the role of ACE in tumor cell proliferation and migration...
2016: PloS One
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