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Prehypertension

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525406/blood-pressure-among-australian-aboriginal-children
#1
Nicholas Larkins, Armando Teixeira-Pinto, Emily Banks, Hasantha Gunasekera, Alan Cass, Jane Kearnes, Jonathan C Craig
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of elevated blood pressure (BP) and potential predictors of SBP and DBP in urban Australian aboriginal children. METHODS: The Study of Environment on Aboriginal Resilience and Child Health is a prospective cohort study of urban Aboriginal children attending four Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services in New South Wales, Australia. Clinical measures included a manual BP measured by research officers using standardized protocols...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507172/hemodynamic-and-mechanical-properties-of-the-proximal-aorta-in-young-and-middle-aged-adults-with-isolated-systolic-hypertension-the-dallas-heart-study
#2
Yuichiro Yano, Ian J Neeland, Colby Ayers, Ronald Peshock, Jarett D Berry, Donald M Lloyd-Jones, Philip Greenland, Gary F Mitchell, Wanpen Vongpatanasin
The aim of this study was to assess characteristic impedance (Zc) of the proximal aorta in young and middle-aged individuals with isolated systolic hypertension (ISH). Zc is an index of aortic stiffness relative to aortic size. In the Dallas Heart Study, 2001 untreated participants 18 to 64 years of age (mean age: 42.3 years; 44% black race) were divided into the following groups based on office blood pressure (BP) measurements: (1) optimal BP (systolic BP [SBP] <120 mm Hg and diastolic BP [DBP] <80 mm Hg; n=837); (2) prehypertension (SBP 120-139 mm Hg and DBP 80-89 mm Hg; n=821); (3) ISH (SBP ≥140 mm Hg and DBP <90 mm Hg; n=121); (4) isolated diastolic hypertension (SBP <140 mm Hg and DBP ≥90 mm Hg; n=44); and (5) systolic-diastolic hypertension (SBP ≥140 mm Hg and DBP ≥90 mm Hg; n=178)...
May 15, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501349/potential-health-impact-and-cost-effectiveness-of-drug-therapy-for-prehypertension
#3
Tao Chen, Dahai Yu, Victoria Cornelius, Rui Qin, Yamei Cai, Zhixin Jiang, Zhanzheng Zhao
BACKGROUND: Studies have reported that pharmacologic interventions with candesartan or ramipril could reduce the risk of hypertension among prehypertensive subjects free of clinical cardiovascular disease (CVD), however, the cost-effectiveness and long-term cardiovascular risk of drug treatment among these population is unclear. METHOD: A Markov state-transition model was developed to simulate a hypothetical cohort of Chinese adults with high-range prehypertension (130-139/85-89mmHg) but without CVD...
May 5, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492239/reductions-in-blood-pressure-during-a-community-based-overweight-and-obesity-treatment-in-children-and-adolescents-with-prehypertension-and-hypertension
#4
P M Mollerup, U Lausten-Thomsen, C E Fonvig, J L Baker, J-C Holm
Due to the pandemic of childhood obesity and thus obesity-related hypertension, improvements in treatment availability are needed. Hence, we investigated whether reductions in blood pressure (BP) would occur in children with overweight and obesity exhibiting prehypertension/hypertension during a community-based overweight and obesity treatment program, and if changes in body mass index (BMI) are associated with changes in BP. The study included 663 children aged 3-18 years with a BMI ⩾85th percentile for sex and age that entered treatment from June 2012 to January 2015...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481823/favorable-outcomes-using-an-ehealth-approach-to-promote-physical-activity-and-nutrition-among-young-african-women
#5
Beth A Staffileno, Christy C Tangney, Louis Fogg
BACKGROUND: Internet and mobile devices are widely used and provide alternative approaches for promoting healthy lifestyles, yet less information is available describing outcomes of these approaches when used with young African American (AA) women at risk for developing hypertension. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we evaluated a Web-based, culturally relevant lifestyle change intervention targeting AA women (referred to as the eHealth study). METHODS: African American women, aged 18 to 45 years, with untreated prehypertension and Internet access were eligible for a 12-week study that incorporated social cognitive theory strategies...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479890/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-pre-hypertension-in-congolese-pre-and-post-menopausal-women
#6
Mjs Muchanga, F B Lepira, R Tozin, E P Mbelambela, N R Ngatu, E K Sumaili, J R Makulo, N Suganuma
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess the prevalence of prehypertension and its associated factors in a population of Congolese pre and postmenopausal women. METHODS: We had consecutively recruited 200 women (100 premenopausal and 100 postmenopausal) aged 40 - 60 years at the department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, University of Kinshasa Hospital, and AKRAM Medical Center in Kinshasa, DRC. An interview was carried out using a questionnaire that comprised questions related to lifestyle, menses characteristics, medical history of diabetes, CVD, hypertension, current antihypertensive medication and use of traditional medicine...
December 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473232/age-related-changes-in-immunoreactivity-for-dopamine-%C3%AE-hydroxylase-in-carotid-body-glomus-cells-in-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats
#7
Kouki Kato, Seigo Fushuku, Yoshio Yamamoto
The purpose of this study was to investigate immunoreactivity for dopamine β-hydroxylase (DBH) and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) in carotid body (CB) glomus cells in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR/Izm) at 4 (prehypertensive stage), 8 (early stage of developmental hypertension), 12 (later stage of developmental hypertension), and 16weeks of age (established hypertensive stage). Age-matched Wistar Kyoto rats (WKY/Izm) were used as controls. Staining properties for TH were similar between both strains at each age...
April 28, 2017: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470470/role-of-paced-breathing-for-treatment-of-hypertension
#8
REVIEW
Relu Cernes, Reuven Zimlichman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Hypertension remains to be a major contributor to global morbidity and mortality. Despite a plethora of pharmacological options available, an abundance of patients have uncontrolled blood pressure thus creating the need for additional strategies, including non-pharmacologic approaches. In this review, we discuss the antihypertensive effect of slow and deep respiration by increasing baroreflex sensitivity. RECENT FINDINGS: Asking patients to carry out paced breathing sessions unaccompanied by a personal coach or unaided by a device may be unfeasible...
June 2017: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456498/fibroblast-growth-factor-23-is-independently-associated-with-cardiac-mass-in-african-american-adolescent-males
#9
Bonita Falkner, Scott W Keith, Samuel S Gidding, Craig B Langman
Left ventricular hypertrophy has been documented in hypertensive adolescents and among some with prehypertension. Obesity also appears to be associated with cardiac mass, independent of blood pressure (BP). Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is a novel biomarker positively associated with left ventricular hypertrophy in adults with and without kidney disease. The aim of this study was to determine if there was a significant and independent association of FGF23 with cardiac mass in a Black American adolescent cohort including both normotensive and prehypertensive participants with and without obesity...
April 12, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452620/effect-of-intensive-periodontal-therapy-on-blood-pressure-and-endothelial-microparticles-in-prehypertensive-patients-with-periodontitis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Qian-Bing Zhou, Wen-Hao Xia, Jing Ren, Bing-Bo Yu, Xin-Zhu Tong, Yan-Bin Chen, Shan Chen, Lei Feng, Jing Dai, Jun Tao, Jun-Ying Yang
BACKGROUND: Although some studies show the positive association between periodontitis and blood pressure (BP) elevation, the effect of intensive periodontal treatment on decline in BP levels and endothelial microparticles (EMPs) without any antihypertensive management is lacking. Therefore, we conducted an intervention clinical trial to explore whether intensive periodontal therapy would lower BP levels and EMPs of prehypertensive patients with periodontitis. METHODS: A total 107 patients underwent randomization, of whom 95 (47 assigned to the Control-treatment group and 48 to the Intensive-treatment group) completed the trial...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447625/randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-assessment-of-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-dietary-supplements-in-prehypertension
#11
F Pelliccia, V Pasceri, G Marazzi, A Arrivi, L Cacciotti, G Pannarale, G Speciale, C Greco, C Gaudio
We aimed to evaluate efficacy and tolerability of a protocol including lifestyle modifications and a novel combination of dietary supplements in prehypertension. A prospective, double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled trial was conducted in 176 subjects (103 men, aged 52±10 years), with blood pressure (BP) of 130-139 mm Hg systolic and/or 85-89 mm Hg diastolic entered. After a single-blind run-in period, participants were randomised to twice daily placebo (n=88) or a commercially available combination pill (n=88)...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446526/impact-of-different-dietary-approaches-on-blood-pressure-in-hypertensive-and-prehypertensive-patients-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#12
Lukas Schwingshackl, Anna Chaimani, Georg Hoffmann, Carolina Schwedhelm, Heiner Boeing
INTRODUCTION: Lifestyle modification is one of the cornerstones in the management of hypertension. According to the most recent guidelines by the American Heart Association, all patients with hypertension should adopt the following dietary advices: increased consumption of fresh fruits, vegetables, low-fat dairy products and sodium reduction. The aim of the present study is to assess the efficacy of different dietary approaches on systolic and diastolic blood pressure in patients with hypertension and high normal blood pressure in a systematic review including a pairwise and network meta-analysis of randomised trials...
April 26, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439881/effect-of-cocoa-on-blood-pressure
#13
REVIEW
Karin Ried, Peter Fakler, Nigel P Stocks
BACKGROUND: High blood pressure is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease, contributing to about 50% of cardiovascular events worldwide and 37% of cardiovascular-related deaths in Western populations. Epidemiological studies suggest that cocoa-rich products reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. Flavanols found in cocoa have been shown to increase the formation of endothelial nitric oxide which promotes vasodilation and therefore blood pressure reduction. Here we update previous meta-analyses on the effect of cocoa on blood pressure...
April 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428538/hyperuricemia-is-associated-with-cardiovascular-diseases-clustering-among-very-elderly-women-a-community-based-study-in-chengdu-china
#14
Gang Huang, Jun-Bo Xu, Ting-Jie Zhang, Xiao-Li Nie, Qiu Li, Ya Liu, Yan Lv, Rui-Lian Wen, Lei Yang, Bao-Yu Zhao
Cardiovascular epidemiological features among very elderly Chinese are still uncertain. This study aimed to describe the distribution of cardiovascular diseases and sex difference, and investigate potential risk factors for diseases clustering among very elderly Chinese. From May 2013 to May 2015, a total of 1056 very elderly were sampled in this cross-sectional study. Demographic characteristics collection, physical examination and biochemical analysis were performed. Totally, 1038 participants (men: 49.8%) with a median age of 83...
April 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423153/heterogeneity-in-blood-pressure-transitions-over-the-life-course-age-specific-emergence-of-racial-ethnic-and-sex-disparities-in-the-united-states
#15
Shakia T Hardy, Katelyn M Holliday, Sujatro Chakladar, Joseph C Engeda, Norrina B Allen, Gerardo Heiss, Donald M Lloyd-Jones, Pamela J Schreiner, Christina M Shay, Danyu Lin, Donglin Zeng, Christy L Avery
Importance: Many studies have assessed racial/ethnic and sex disparities in the prevalence of elevated blood pressure (BP) from childhood to adulthood, yet few have examined differences in age-specific transitions between categories of BP over the life course in contemporary, multiracial/multiethnic populations. Objective: To estimate age, racial/ethnic, and sex-specific annual net transition probabilities between categories of BP using Markov modeling of cross-sectional data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
April 19, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420576/prevalence-of-hypertension-and-prehypertension-in-adolescence-in-ahvaz-iran
#16
Armaghan Moravej Aleali, Seyed Mahmoud Latifi, Homeira Rashidi, Seyed Peyman Payami, Azar Sabet
BACKGROUND: High blood pressure is a risk factor for some disease like stroke, coronary heart disease, and renal failure. High blood pressure in children is an increasing health problem. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine prevalence of hypertension and pre-hypertension age between 10 to 17 years old. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This descriptive analytic study was conducted using multiphase sampling method in Ahvaz (Southwest of Iran)...
April 7, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406263/pharmacotherapy-for-hyperuricemia-in-hypertensive-patients
#17
REVIEW
Pedro Henrique França Gois, Edison Regio de Moraes Souza
BACKGROUND: High blood pressure represents a major public health problem. Worldwide, approximately one-fourth of the adult population has hypertension. Epidemiological and experimental studies suggest a link between hyperuricemia and hypertension. Hyperuricemia affects 25% to 40 % of individuals with untreated hypertension; a much lower prevalence has been reported in normotensives or in the general population. However, whether lowering serum uric acid (UA) might lower blood pressure (BP) is an unanswered question...
April 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387894/the-natural-history-of-prehypertension-a-20-year-follow-up
#18
G Pannarale, C Moroni, M C Acconcia, G Pannitteri, G Truscelli, L Valente, P Gentile, F Lopreiato, R Licitra, M Tancredi, P E Puddu, M L Troccoli, P Cardelli, F Barillà, C Gaudio
OBJECTIVE: According to the JNC7 report, prehypertension category includes subjects with systolic blood pressure between 120 and 139 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure between 80 and 89 mmHg that would be at risk for developing hypertension and its untoward sequelae as myocardial infarction and cerebrovascular disease. Moreover, ambulatory blood pressure monitoring made it possible to detect subjects with masked hypertension, who are at risk of greater target organ damage than those with normal ambulatory or home blood pressure...
March 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382960/performance-of-blood-pressure-to-height-ratio-as-a-screening-tool-for-elevated-blood-pressure-in-rural-children-ellisras-longitudinal-study
#19
M D Sekgala, K D Monyeki, M A Mogale, N E Ramoshaba
There are complications in diagnosing hypertension in children and adolescents due to variation of blood pressure (BP) values to age, gender and height. This study was aimed at assessing whether the performance of BP-to-height ratio (BPHR) can be an effective tool for screening prehypertension and hypertension in Ellisras Longitudinal Study (ELS) children aged between 6 and 17 years. A number of the 9002 children aged 6-17 years who were part of the ELS underwent height and BP measurements using standard procedures...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381447/acute-cardiac-functional-and-mechanical-responses-to-isometric-exercise-in-prehypertensive-males
#20
Jamie M O'Driscoll, Katrina A Taylor, Jonathan D Wiles, Damian A Coleman, Rajan Sharma
Isometric exercise (IE) training has been shown to reduce resting arterial blood pressure (ABP) in hypertensive, prehypertensive, and normotensive populations. However, the acute hemodynamic response of the heart to such exercise remains unclear. We therefore performed a comprehensive assessment of cardiac structure, function, and mechanics at rest and immediately post a single IE session in 26 male (age 44.8 ± 8.4 years) prehypertensive participants. Conventional echocardiography recorded standard and tissue Doppler measures of left ventricular (LV) structure and function...
April 2017: Physiological Reports
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