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Prehypertension

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319484/nonpharmacologic-management-of-hypertension-a-multidisciplinary-approach
#1
Cemal Ozemek, Shane A Phillips, Dejana Popovic, Deepika Laddu-Patel, Ibra S Fancher, Ross Arena, Carl J Lavie
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Nonpharmacologic lifestyle modification interventions (LMIs), such as increasing physical activity, dietary modification, weight-loss, reducing alcohol consumption and smoking cessation, are effective strategies to lower resting blood pressures (BPs) in prehypertensive or hypertensive patients. However, the limited time shared between a physician and a patient is not adequate to instill an adoption of LMI. The purpose of this review is to therefore highlight evidence-based BP lowering, LMI strategies that can feasibly be implemented in clinical practices...
March 17, 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314796/prehypertensive-blood-pressures-and-regional-cerebral-blood-flow-independently-relate-to-cognitive-performance-in-midlife
#2
J Richard Jennings, Matthew F Muldoon, Christopher Ryan, H Michael Gach, Alicia Heim, Lei K Sheu, Peter J Gianaros
BACKGROUND: High blood pressure is thought to contribute to dementia in late life, but our understanding of the relationship between individual differences in blood pressure (BP) and cognitive functioning is incomplete. In this study, cognitive performance in nonhypertensive midlife adults was examined as a function of resting BP and regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) responses during cognitive testing. We hypothesized that BP would be negatively related to cognitive performance and that cognitive performance would also be related to rCBF responses within areas related to BP control...
March 17, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272109/morning-blood-pressure-surge-is-associated-with-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-prehypertensive-patients
#3
Sertac Alpaydin, Yasar Turan, Mustafa Caliskan, Zuhal Caliskan, Feyza Aksu, Serhan Ozyildirim, Zafer Buyukterzi, Osman Kostek, Haldun Muderrisoglu
OBJECTIVE: Morning blood pressure (BP) surge (MBPS) is defined as an excessive increase in the morning BP from the lowest systolic BP during sleep and is reported as a risk factor for cardiovascular events in current clinical studies. In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between MBPS and carotid intima-media thickness (C-IMT) in prehypertensive patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We evaluated the association between the rate of BP variation derived from ambulatory BP monitoring and C-IMT in patients with prehypertension...
March 7, 2017: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247956/association-between-blood-pressure-and-magnesium-and-uric-acid-levels-in-indigenous-argentinean-children-at-high-altitude
#4
V Hirschler, C González, G Maccallini, C Molinari, L Castano
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between nontraditional risk factors such as magnesium and uric acid with blood pressure (BP) in Indigenous children. METHODS: A total of 263 school-aged indigenous children living at high altitude were enrolled in a cross-sectional study in November 2011. Prehypertension (preHTN) and hypertension (HTN) were defined by systolic and/or diastolic BP ≥ 90th to <95th percentile or ≥95th percentile respectively, according to age, sex, and height...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240684/left-ventricular-myocardial-performance-index-in-prehypertensive-patients-with-normal-coronary-arteries
#5
Erdoğan Yaşar, Hakan Taşolar, Nusret Açikgöz
OBJECTIVES: Prehypertension, which may be the precursor of hypertension, is an important public health problem in the community. Myocardial performance index (MPI) is a noninvasive Doppler measurement of global ventricular function. Thus, our aim was to evaluate left ventricule (LV) functions with the MPI in prehypertensive patients with normal coronary artery angiography. PATIENTS AND MATERIALS: Forty prehypertensive patients (21 women and 19 men), with blood pressures between 120/80 and 139/89 mmHg, and 40 normotensive controls (18 women and 22 men), with blood pressures under 120/80 mmHg, were included in the study...
February 24, 2017: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240186/plasma-potassium-levels-in-healthy-prehypertension-subjects-and-the-role-of-a-high-potassium-drink
#6
Farapti Farapti, Savitri Sayogo, Parlindungan Siregar
Most populations around the world consume less than the recommended levels of potassium. Long term low potassium intake could lead to decreased plasma potassium levels and induce hypokalemia. The increasing of plasma potassium levels 0,2-0,4 mmol/L by improving potassium intake decreased significantly blood pressure (BP). Assessing plasma potassium levels in healthy people related to potassium intake have not been studied. In this study, we analysed plasma potassium levels in prehypertension (PHT) subjects and to evaluate the effect of tender coconut water (TCW) as a high potassium drink on plasma potassium levels in PHT adults...
February 24, 2017: Current Hypertension Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231078/effects-of-aerobic-exercise-training-on-ace-and-adrb2-gene-expression-plasma-angiotensin-ii-level-and-flow-mediated-dilation-a-study-on-obese-postmenopausal-women-with-prehypertension
#7
Noushin Azadpour, Bakhtyar Tartibian, Şükran Nazan Koşar
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of 10 weeks of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise training (MIET) on blood pressure (BP), angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and β2-adrenergic receptor (ADRB2) gene expression in leukocytes, plasma angiotensin II (Ang II), and flow-mediated dilation (FMD) in obese postmenopausal women (PMW) with prehypertension. METHODS: Twenty-four obese prehypertensive PMW (aged 50-70 y; body mass index ≥30 kg/m) randomly assigned to control (n = 12) and exercise (n = 12) groups...
March 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230200/prevalence-of-prehypertension-and-left-ventricular-hypertrophy
#8
Jun-Ichi Oyama, Koichi Node
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 23, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223474/can-pediatric-hypertension-criteria-be-simplified-a-prediction-analysis-of-subclinical-cardiovascular-outcomes-from-the-bogalusa-heart-study
#9
Bo Xi, Tao Zhang, Shengxu Li, Emily Harville, Lydia Bazzano, Jiang He, Wei Chen
Prehypertension and hypertension in childhood are defined by sex-, age-, and height-specific 90th (or ≥120/80 mm Hg) and 95th percentiles of blood pressure, respectively, by the 2004 Fourth Report. However, these cutoffs are complex and cumbersome for use. This study assessed the performance of a simplified blood pressure definition to predict adult hypertension and subclinical cardiovascular disease. The cohort consisted of 1225 adults (530 men; aged 26.3-47.7 years) from the Bogalusa Heart Study with 27...
April 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207613/vagal-regulation-of-cardiac-function-in-early-childhood-and-cardiovascular-risk-in-adolescence
#10
Meghan J Gangel, Lilly Shanahan, Jacek Kolacz, James A Janssen, Ashley Brown, Susan D Calkins, Susan P Keane, Laurie Wideman
OBJECTIVE: Poor behavioral self-regulation in the first two decades of life has been identified as an important precursor of disease risk in adulthood. However, physiological regulation has not been well-studied as a disease risk factor before adulthood. We tested whether physiological regulation at age two, in the form of vagal regulation of cardiac function (indexed by RSA change), would predict three indicators of cardiovascular risk at age 16 (diastolic and systolic blood pressure and body mass index)...
February 15, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190873/the-role-of-uric-acid-in-hypertension-of-adolescents-prehypertension-and-salt-sensitivity-of-blood-pressure
#11
Yang Wang, Jia-Wen Hu, Yong-Bo Lv, Chao Chu, Ke-Ke Wang, Wen-Ling Zheng, Yu-Meng Cao, Zu-Yi Yuan, Jian-Jun Mu
Uric acid is the end product of purine metabolism. Metabolic disorders of uric acid are associated with many disease states. Substantial evidence suggests the possible role of uric acid as a mediator of high blood pressure. Elevated uric acid is closely associated with new onset essential hypertension in adolescents and prehypertension; and urate-lowering agents can significantly improve these early stages of hypertension. Uric acid also influences salt sensitivity of blood pressure through two phases. Local renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system activation initiates renal damage, arteriolopathy, and endothelium dysfunction, which is followed by the dysregulation of sodium homeostasis, thereby leading to increased salt sensitivity...
February 13, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186098/postnatal-height-and-adiposity-gain-childhood-blood-pressure-and-prehypertension-risk-in-an-asian-birth-cohort
#12
I M Aris, J Y Bernard, L-W Chen, M T Tint, W Y Lim, S E Soh, S-M Saw, L P-C Shek, K M Godfrey, P D Gluckman, Y-S Chong, F Yap, M S Kramer, Y S Lee
OBJECTIVE: There have been hypotheses that early life adiposity gain may influence blood pressure (BP) later in life. We examined associations between timing of height, body mass index (BMI) and adiposity gains in early life with BP at 48 months in an Asian pregnancy-birth cohort. METHODS: In 719 children, velocities for height, BMI and abdominal circumference (AC) were calculated at five intervals [0-3, 3-12, 12-24, 24-36 and 36-48 months]. Triceps (TS) and subscapular skinfold (SS) velocities were calculated between 0-18, 18-36 and 36-48 months...
March 14, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169886/prehypertension-among-2-19-million-adolescents-and-future-risk-for-end-stage-renal-disease
#13
Adi Leiba, Gilad Twig, Asaf Vivante, Karl Skorecki, Eliezer Golan, Estela Derazne, Dorit Tzur, Ehud Grossman, Rita Dichtiar, Jeremy D Kark, Tamar Shohat
OBJECTIVE: Persistent hypertension in adulthood is a leading cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Whether lower blood pressure (BP) values, in the range of prehypertension, are also associated with future occurrence of ESRD is unclear. Even less clear is the potential risk of early prehypertension appearing in adolescence. To address this question, we examined whether BP measurements in the prehypertensive range at age 16-19 years predict adult ESRD. METHODS: Medical data on 2194 635 16-19-year-old adolescents examined for medical fitness prior to military service from 1977 to 2013 were linked to the Israeli ESRD registry in this nationwide population-based cohort study...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169882/greater-visceral-abdominal-fat-is-associated-with-a-lower-probability-of-conversion-of-prehypertension-to-normotension
#14
You-Cheol Hwang, Wilfred Y Fujimoto, Steven E Kahn, Donna L Leonetti, Edward J Boyko
OBJECTIVE: Prehypertension is associated with increased risk for incident hypertension. However, little is known about how frequently prehypertension converts to normotension, and which variables predict this conversion. METHODS: We identified 186 Japanese Americans with prehypertension (110 men, 76 women) aged 34-75 years (mean age of 52.3 years) who were followed at 5 and 10 years after enrollment. Blood pressure was measured with a mercury sphygmomanometer and average blood pressure was calculated...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161159/early-treatment-with-losartan-effectively-ameliorates-hypertension-and-improves-vascular-remodeling-and-function-in-a-prehypertensive-rat-model
#15
De-Hua He, Jin-Xiu Lin, Liang-Min Zhang, Chang-Sheng Xu, Qiang Xie
AIMS: Pharmacological treatment of prehypertension may ameliorate hypertension and improve vascular structure and function. This study investigated 1) whether early treatment with either losartan or amlodipine at the onset of prehypertension can prevent hypertension and 2) whether losartan and amlodipine equally improve vascular remodeling and function in a rat model of hypertension. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive (SHRSP) rats were administered losartan, amlodipine or saline for 6 or 16weeks at the onset of prehypertension...
March 15, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161097/prevalence-of-hypertension-and-hypertension-phenotypes-by-age-and-gender-among-schoolchildren-in-greece-the-healthy-growth-study
#16
Kalliopi Karatzi, Athanase D Protogerou, George Moschonis, Christiana Tsirimiagou, Odysseas Androutsos, George P Chrousos, Christos Lionis, Yannis Manios
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Childhood hypertension is a constantly increasing health problem. Data regarding its prevalence and particularly the prevalence of its phenotypes in the Greek population are limited; therefore, the aim of the study was to determine them in a large sample of Greek children. METHODS: A sample of 2655 schoolchildren (9-13 years) participated in the Healthy Growth Study, i.e. a cross-sectional epidemiologic study conducted in 77 primary schools in four large regions in Greece...
January 21, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142077/associations-among-oxidative-stress-lp-pla2-activity-and-arterial-stiffness-according-to-blood-pressure-status-at-a-3-5-year-follow-up-in-subjects-with-prehypertension
#17
Minkyung Kim, Hye Jin Yoo, Minjoo Kim, Hyeon Yeong Ahn, Jiyeong Park, Sang-Hyun Lee, Jong Ho Lee
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: We aimed to determine changes in oxidative stress, lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) activity and arterial stiffness in subjects with persistent prehypertensive symptoms during a 3.5-year follow-up period. METHODS: We divided 254 subjects with prehypertension according to their blood pressure (BP) status at 3.5 years of follow-up into three groups: reversed normotensive, persistent prehypertensive and developed hypertensive group...
February 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141860/prevalence-of-high-blood-pressure-and-association-with-obesity-in-spanish-schoolchildren-aged-4-6-years-old
#18
Noelia Martín-Espinosa, Ana Díez-Fernández, Mairena Sánchez-López, Irene Rivero-Merino, Lidia Lucas-De La Cruz, Montserrat Solera-Martínez, Vicente Martínez-Vizcaíno
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of high blood pressure in children is increasing worldwide, largely, but not entirely, driven by the concurrent childhood obesity epidemic. The aims of this study were to examine the prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension in 4-to-6-year-old Spanish schoolchildren, and to evaluate the association between different blood pressure (BP) components with different adiposity indicators. METHODS: Cross-sectional study including a sample of 1...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135198/progression-from-prehypertension-to-hypertension-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease
#19
Yukiko Ishikawa, Joji Ishikawa, Shizukiyo Ishikawa, Kazuomi Kario, Eiji Kajii
BACKGROUND: Subjects with prehypertension (pre-HT; 120/80 to 139/89 mm Hg) have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD); however, whether the risk of pre-HT can be seen at the pre-HT status or only after progression to a hypertensive (HT; ≥140/90 mm Hg) state during the follow-up period is unknown. METHODS: The Jichi Medical Cohort study enrolled 12,490 subjects recruited from a Japanese general population. Of those, 2227 subjects whose BP data at baseline and at the middle of follow-up and tracking of CVD events were available (median follow-up period: 11...
January 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125521/reproducibility-of-24-h-ambulatory-blood-pressure-and-measures-of-autonomic-function
#20
Niamh M Morrin, Mark R Stone, Keiran J Henderson
Determining the number of familiarization sessions required for accurate recordings of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring and autonomic function is a prerequisite for the appropriate design of intervention studies. The benefit of familiarization trials remains largely unexplored. The objective of the current investigation was to assess the reproducibility of 24-h ambulatory blood pressure, 24-h heart rate variability (HRV) and resting measurements of HRV and blood pressure variability (BPV). Eleven prehypertensive and hypertensive adults participated...
January 25, 2017: Blood Pressure Monitoring
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