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Thomas C Baghai, Gabriella Varallo-Bedarida, Christoph Born, Sibylle Häfner, Cornelius Schüle, Daniela Eser, Peter Zill, André Manook, Johannes Weigl, Somayeh Jooyandeh, Caroline Nothdurfter, Clemens von Schacky, Brigitta Bondy, Rainer Rupprecht
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disorders (CVD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) are the most frequent diseases worldwide responsible for premature death and disability. Behavioral and immunological variables influence the pathophysiology of both disorders. We therefore determined frequency and severity of MDD in CVD and studied whether MDD without CVD or other somatic diseases influences classical and inflammatory biomarkers of cardiovascular risk. In addition, we investigated the influence of proinflammatory cytokines on antidepressant treatment outcome...
June 12, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
X Y Gong, J C Chen, J X Li, J Cao, D S Hu, C Shen, X F Lu, Z Y Zhou, Z D Liu, X L Yang, J P Huang, S F Chen, D F Gu
Objective: To investigate the relationship between physical activity (PA) and the risk of incident hypertension among population in rural areas of China. Methods: The Community Intervention of Metabolic Syndrome in China & Chinese Family Health Study (CIMIC) was conducted in 2007-2008. Data on PA, smoking, drinking, blood pressure and other variables were obtained at baseline. Then the follow-up study of incident hypertension was performed during 2012-2015. A total of 41 457 participants aged ≥18 years and free from hypertension at baseline were included in the final analyses...
June 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
Lauren C Blekkenhorst, Joshua R Lewis, Richard L Prince, Amanda Devine, Nicola P Bondonno, Catherine P Bondonno, Lisa G Wood, Ian B Puddey, Natalie C Ward, Kevin D Croft, Richard J Woodman, Lawrence J Beilin, Jonathan M Hodgson
Background: Emerging evidence suggests that increasing intakes of nitrate-rich vegetables may be an effective approach to reduce blood pressure. Objective: Our primary aim was to determine whether daily consumption of nitrate-rich vegetables over 4 wk would result in lower blood pressure. Design: Thirty participants with prehypertension or untreated grade 1 hypertension were recruited to a randomized controlled crossover trial with 4-wk treatment periods separated by 4-wk washout periods...
June 1, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Xueling Lu, Xijin Xu, Yucong Lin, Yu Zhang, Xia Huo
Phthalates are ubiquitous in environment. Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Phthalate exposure is associated with hypertension in multiple studies. This review aims to summarize the scientific literature on associations between phthalate exposure and hypertension and discuss the mechanisms in the relationship. We identified and reviewed original articles published to March 2018, using PubMed and Web of Science to search the terms "phthalate(s)," "phthalic acid," "blood pressure," "high blood pressure," "hypertension," "prehypertension," and "cardiovascular disease...
June 3, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
James Osei-Yeboah, Kenneth Kwame Kye-Amoah, William K B A Owiredu, Sylvester Yao Lokpo, Joseph Esson, Beatrice Bella Johnson, Paul Amoah, Romeo Asumbasiya Aduko
Background: There is a dearth of information about the burden of cardiometabolic risk factors among the Ghanaian health workforce in the Western Region. This study sought to determine the prevalence of cardiometabolic risk factors among healthcare workers at the Sefwi-Wiawso Municipal Hospital in the Western Region of Ghana. Materials and Methods: A hospital-based cross-sectional study involving 112 employees of the Sefwi-Wiawso Municipal Hospital was conducted...
2018: BioMed Research International
Hossein Ebrahimi, Mohammad Hassan Emamian, Hassan Hashemi, Akbar Fotouhi
OBJECTIVE: Because of the incidence of a childhood obesity epidemic and the widespread changes in people's lifestyle, the prevalence of high blood pressure in children is increasing. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension and its risk factors in Iranian children. METHODS: Using random cluster sampling in urban areas and census in rural areas, a total of 5620 schoolchildren aged 6-12 years living in Shahroud, Northeast of Iran, were studied...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Hypertension
Titilope Modupe Dokunmu, Omolara Faith Yakubu, Abiodun Humphrey Adebayo, Grace Iyabo Olasehinde, Shalom Nwodo Chinedu
The burden of hypertension, a silent killer, continues to increase in low- and middle-income countries. This study evaluated blood pressure (BP) in healthy adults to determine their risk of developing hypertension and to reduce associated morbidity of the disease. Overall, 182 subjects aged >16 years participated in the study. Systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) was measured after a resting period using mercury sphygmomanometer. Random blood glucose (RBG) concentration was also determined. Regression models were used to determine risk of high BP with p values < 0...
2018: International Journal of Hypertension
Divya G Moodalbail, Bonita Falkner, Scott W Keith, Robert S Mathias, Carlos E Araya, Joshua J Zaritsky, Marie J Stuart
Hypertension is an established risk factor for subsequent cardiovascular and renal disease in children as well as adults. Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a genetic disorder associated with chronic hemolytic anemia with the major manifestation of vaso-occlusive crises. Although this disease entity involves most organ systems causing vascular and pulmonary injury, little is known about blood pressure (BP) levels or prevalence of hypertension in children with SCD. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 56 children with SCD (54 with hemoglobin SS disease; 2 with hemoglobin Sβ0 thalassemia; 29 females)...
May 5, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
L Turgunova, B Koichubekov, A Turmuhambetova, M Sorokinam, Y E Laryushina, I Korshukov, A Shalygina, B Baidildina
OBJECTIVE: There are insufficient researches aimed at evaluating biochemical markers of mechanisms of formation of AH and lesion of target organs in hypertension and prehypertension. The aim of that research was to study the level of endothelial dysfunction markers and damage to the cardiovascular system in hypertension and prehypertension. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed among 938 people aged 18 to 65 years. All respondents were surveyed, blood pressure measured, for glucose, cholesterol, interleukin-6, sFAS, LIGHT, hFABP, NT-ProBNP and an Endocan concentrations were tested...
May 18, 2018: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
Thaddeus Haight, R Nick Bryan, Guray Erus, Meng-Kang Hsieh, Christos Davatzikos, Ilya Nasrallah, Mark D'Esposito, David R Jacobs, Cora Lewis, Pamela Schreiner, Stephen Sidney, Osorio Meirelles, Lenore J Launer
Objective: We examined imaging surrogates of white matter microstructural abnormalities which may precede white matter lesions (WML) and represent a relevant marker of cerebrovascular injury in adults in midlife. Methods: In 698 community-dwelling adults (mean age 50 years ±3.5 SD) from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Brain MRI sub-study, WML were identified on structural MR and fractional anisotropy (FA), representing WM microstructural integrity, was derived using Diffusion Tensor Imaging...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
Yang Wang, Jia-Wen Hu, Peng-Fei Qu, Ke-Ke Wang, Yu Yan, Chao Chu, Wen-Ling Zheng, Xian-Jing Xu, Yong-Bo Lv, Qiong Ma, Ke Gao, Yue Yuan, Hao Li, Zu-Yi Yuan, Jian-Jun Mu
High uric acid (UA) level and high salt intake are reportedly associated with cardiovascular disease. This study investigated the association between UA and urinary sodium excretion, as well as its interaction on the risk of prehypertension. A total of 1869 participants without hypertension were recruited from a previously established cohort in Shaanxi Province, China. The participants were classified as normotensive or prehypertensive on the basis of their blood pressure. Increasing quartiles of sodium excretion were associated with high urinary UA/creatinine levels in prehypertensive participants...
May 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
Yunfeng Wang, Zhimin Ma, Chaonan Xu, ZiKun Wang, Xinghua Yang
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify the rules of transition between normotension, prehypertension and hypertension states and to establish a prediction model for the incidence of prehypertension and hypertension. METHODS: Data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey from 1991 to 2009 were used as training data to develop the model. Data of the year 2011 were used for model validation. The multistate Markov model was developed using the msm package in R software...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Hypertension
Mo-Lin Wang, Xiao-Jing Yu, Xiao-Guang Li, De-Zhi Pang, Qing Su, Roland Osei Saahene, Hong-Bao Li, Xu-Ying Mao, Kai-Li Liu, Li-Yan Fu, Ying Li, Guo-Qing Zhu, Yu-Ming Kang
Background: Toll like receptor 4 (TLR4) has been implicated in the progression of cardiovascular disease, including hypertension. However, the role of TLR4 in the development of prehypertension is uncertain. Methods: Prehypertensive rats were treated with 8% salt for 12 weeks to induce prehypertension. These rats were then given either TAK-242 selective TLR4 blocker, or vehicle by bilateral micro-injection to the paraventricular nucleus (PVN). Blood pressure and renal sympathetic nerve activity were recorded...
May 15, 2018: American Journal of Hypertension
Ulrich O Wenzel, Marlies Bode, Christian Kurts, Heimo Ehmke
Traditionally, arterial hypertension and subsequent end-organ damage have been attributed to hemodynamic factors, but increasing evidence indicates that inflammation also contributes to the deleterious consequences of this disease. The immune system has evolved to prevent invasion of foreign microorganisms and to promote tissue healing after injury. However, this beneficial activity comes at a cost of collateral damage when the immune system overreacts to internal injury, such as prehypertension. Over the last years important findings have revolutionized hypertension research...
May 16, 2018: British Journal of Pharmacology
Salman Khazaei, Manoochehr Karami, Yousef Veisani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
Yang Zhao, Yu Liu, Haohang Sun, Xizhuo Sun, Zhaoxia Yin, Honghui Li, Yongcheng Ren, Bingyuan Wang, Dongdong Zhang, Xuejiao Liu, Dechen Liu, Ruiyuan Zhang, Feiyan Liu, Xu Chen, Leilei Liu, Cheng Cheng, Qionggui Zhou, Dongsheng Hu, Ming Zhang
OBJECTIVES: The association of long-term dynamic change in body weight and incident hypertension among general Chinese adults is still unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the hypertension risk in a large prospective study of rural Chinese adult using relative weight gain or loss. METHODS: A total of 10 149 nonhypertensive Chinese adults 18 to 75 y of age completed a questionnaire interview and anthropometric and laboratory measurements at both baseline (2007-2008) and follow-up (2013-2014)...
March 20, 2018: Nutrition
Yousef A Al-Dashti, Roberta R Holt, Charles L Stebbins, Carl L Keen, Robert M Hackman
An individual's diet affects numerous physiological functions and can play an important role in reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease. Epidemiological and clinical studies suggest that dietary flavanols can be an important modulator of vascular risk. Diets and plant extracts rich in flavanols have been reported to lower blood pressure, especially in prehypertensive and hypertensive individuals. Flavanols may act in part through signaling pathways that affect vascular function, nitric oxide availability, and the release of endothelial-derived relaxing and constricting factors...
May 2, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Teresa Vanessa Fiorentino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 26, 2018: Internal and Emergency Medicine
Kaiyan Dong, Qian Yang, Fujiao Duan, Shuying Liang, Nan Ma, Wei Nie, Yali Yan, Ye Zhang, Rui Peng, Shuaibing Wang, Chunhua Song, Kaijuan Wang
Estimating population attributable risks of potential modifiable risk factors for stroke and (or) myocardial infarction may be useful for planning cardiovascular disease (CVD) preventive strategies. A population of 17,292 adults aged 18 years and older from a cross-sectional survey was included in the study. The binary logistic regression was used to evaluate the association between risk factors with disease events, then population attributable fraction according to prevalence and odds ratios were calculated to identify and compare the effects at different subpopulations...
April 3, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
Mahshid Givi, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Mohammad Garakyaraghi, Ameneh Eshghinezhad, Mahin Moeini, Zahra Ghasempour
BACKGROUND: Prehypertension is one of the cardiovascular disease predicators. Management of prehypertension is an appropriate objective for clinicians in a wide range of medical centers. Massage therapy is primarily nonpharmacological treatment that is used to control blood pressure (BP). This study intends to investigate the long-term effect of massage therapy on BP in prehypertensive women. METHODS: This was a single-blind clinical trial study conducted on 50 prehypertensive women who referred to Sedigheh Tahereh Cardiovascular Center, during 6 months in 2009...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
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