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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807551/the-optimal-cut-off-of-blood-pressure-related-to-left-ventricular-diastolic-dysfunction-and-remodeling-in-asian-diabetic-patients
#1
Ju Young Jung, Sung Keun Park, Jae-Hong Ryoo, Chang-Mo Oh, Jeong Gyu Kang, Kanghee Moon, Keum Ok Lee, Joong-Myung Choi
BACKGROUND: Although a recent randomized trial found no difference between intensive and standard blood pressure (BP) control in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM), the debate over the optimal BP target continues. Thus, the present study investigated the effect of BP on the subclinical left ventricular (LV) function and structural changes in diabetic patients. METHOD: A total of 2649 patients with DM who received echocardiography were enrolled in this study. Study population was stratified by three groups according to BP and presence of hypertension (normal, <130/80mmHg; prehypertension, ≥130/80mmHg without hypertension; hypertension, ≥140/90mmHg or history of hypertension)...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797750/ykl-40-is-a-novel-biomarker-for-predicting-hypertension-incidence-among-prehypertensive-subjects-a-population-based-nested-case-control-study-in-china
#2
Tian Xu, Chongke Zhong, Aili Wang, Zhirong Guo, Xiaoqing Bu, Yipeng Zhou, Yunfan Tian, Xinfeng HuangFu, Zhengbao Zhu, Yonghong Zhang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The previous study suggested that Human cartilage glycoprotein-39 (YKL-40) was positively associated with hypertension incidence in certain high-risk groups of hypertension. We aimed to investigate that whether YKL-40 is an effective biomarker for predicting hypertension incidence among prehypertensive subjects. METHODS: In a 1:1 matched case-control study of 700 pairs with available YKL-40 levels nested in a prospective cohort of initially healthy Chinese subjects, 294 pairs additionally have matched baseline BP status (prehypertensive or normotensive)...
August 7, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796309/formulation-characterization-and-stability-assessment-of-a-food-derived-tripeptide-leucine-lysine-proline-loaded-chitosan-nanoparticles
#3
Minna K Danish, Giuliana Vozza, Hugh J Byrne, Jesus M Frias, Sinéad M Ryan
The chicken- or fish-derived tripeptide, leucine-lysine-proline (LKP), inhibits the angiotensin converting enzyme and may be used as an alternative treatment for prehypertension. However, it has low permeation across the small intestine. The formulation of LKP into a nanoparticle (NP) has the potential to address this issue. LKP-loaded NPs were produced using an ionotropic gelation technique, using chitosan (CL113). Following optimization of unloaded NPs, a mixture amount design was constructed using variable concentration of CL113 and tripolyphosphate at a fixed LKP concentration...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791978/comparison-of-obesity-overweight-and-elevated-blood-pressure-in-children-attending-public-and-private-primary-schools-in-benin-city-nigeria
#4
W E Sadoh, Y T Israel-Aina, A E Sadoh, J E Uduebor, M Shaibu, E Ogonor, F C Enugwuna
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity in children, and adolescents is on the rise globally. Affected children are prone to cardio-metabolic problems later in life, especially hypertension. The prevalence of obesity/overweight may differ depending on school type. Private schools are attended mostly by children of the affluent, while public schools are attended predominantly by those in the low and middle socio-economic classes. OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of overweight, obesity and elevated blood pressure (BP) in pupils attending public and private primary schools in an urban community in Nigeria...
July 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783817/associations-between-midlife-vascular-risk-factors-and-25-year-incident-dementia-in-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-aric-cohort
#5
Rebecca F Gottesman, Marilyn S Albert, Alvaro Alonso, Laura H Coker, Josef Coresh, Sonia M Davis, Jennifer A Deal, Guy M McKhann, Thomas H Mosley, A Richey Sharrett, Andrea L C Schneider, B Gwen Windham, Lisa M Wruck, David S Knopman
Importance: Vascular risk factors have been associated with cognitive decline. Midlife exposure to these factors may be most important in conferring late-life risk of cognitive impairment. Objectives: To examine Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) participants in midlife and to explore associations between midlife vascular risk factors and 25-year dementia incidence. Design, Setting, and Participants: This prospective cohort investigation of the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study was conducted from 1987-1989 through 2011-2013...
August 7, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769100/resistance-training-alone-reduces-systolic-and-diastolic-blood-pressure-in-prehypertensive-and-hypertensive-individuals-meta-analysis
#6
Evitom Corrêa de Sousa, Odilon Abrahin, Ana Lorena Lima Ferreira, Rejane Pequeno Rodrigues, Erik Artur Cortinhas Alves, Rodolfo Paula Vieira
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of resistance training alone on the systolic and diastolic blood pressure in prehypertensive and hypertensive individuals. Our meta-analysis, followed the guidelines of PRISMA. The search for articles was realized by November 2016 using the following electronic databases: BIREME, PubMed, Cochrane Library, LILACS and SciELO and a search strategy that included the combination of titles of medical affairs and terms of free text to the key concepts: 'hypertension' 'hypertensive', 'prehypertensive', 'resistance training', 'strength training', and 'weight-lifting'...
August 3, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731609/dietary-sodium-and-potassium-intake-and-their-association-with-blood-pressure-in-a-non-hypertensive-iranian-adult-population-isfahan-salt-study
#7
Noushin Mohammadifard, Arsalan Khaledifar, Alireza Khosravi, Fatemeh Nouri, Ali Pourmoghadas, Awat Feizi, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh, Nizal Sarrafzadegan
AIM: The association of sodium (Na) and potassium (K) intake with blood pressure (BP) is an ongoing debate, especially in central Iran. We aimed to examine the mean Na and K intake, major sources of Na and the relationship between BP and dietary and urinary Na and K. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed in central Iran in 2013-2014. A total of 796 non-hypertensive adults aged >18 years were randomly recruited. The semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire was used to assess dietary Na and K intake...
July 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716992/blood-pressure-trajectories-and-the-risk-of-intracerebral-hemorrhage-and-cerebral-infarction-a-prospective-study
#8
Weijuan Li, Cheng Jin, Anand Vaidya, Yuntao Wu, Kathryn Rexrode, Xiaoming Zheng, Mahmut E Gurol, Chaoran Ma, Shouling Wu, Xiang Gao
The association between long-term blood pressure (BP) patterns in community-dwelling adults and risk of intracerebral hemorrhage and cerebral infarction is not well characterized. This prospective study included 79 385 participants, free of stroke, myocardial infarction, and cancer in or before 2010 (baseline). Systolic BP trajectories were identified using latent mixture modeling with data from 2006, 2008, and 2010. Incident cases of intracerebral hemorrhage and cerebral infarction occurred during 2010 to 2014, confirmed by review of medical records, by 3 physicians...
July 17, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711568/is-prehypertension-more-strongly-associated-with-long-term-ambient-air-pollution-exposure-than-hypertension-findings-from-the-33-communities-chinese-health-study
#9
Bo-Yi Yang, Zhengmin Min Qian, Michael G Vaughn, Erik J Nelson, Shyamali C Dharmage, Joachim Heinrich, Shao Lin, Wayne R Lawrence, Huimin Ma, Duo-Hong Chen, Li-Wen Hu, Xiao-Wen Zeng, Shu-Li Xu, Chuan Zhang, Guang-Hui Dong
Numerous studies have evaluated the effects of long-term exposure to ambient air pollution on hypertension. However, little information exists regarding its effects on prehypertension, a very common, but understudied cardiovascular indicator. We evaluated data from 24,845 adults (ages 18-74 years) living in three Northeastern Chinese cities in 2009. Blood pressure (BP) was measured by trained observers using a standardized mercuric-column sphygmomanometer. Three-year (from 2006 to 2008) average concentrations of particles with an aerodynamic diameter ≤10 μm (PM10), sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen dioxides (NO2), and ozone (O3) were calculated using data from monitoring stations...
July 13, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708775/continuous-cardiac-autonomic-and-hemodynamic-responses-to-isometric-exercise
#10
Katrina A Taylor, Jonathan D Wiles, Damian D Coleman, Rajan Sharma, Jamie M Oʼdriscoll
PURPOSE: Elevated arterial blood pressure (BP) is associated with autonomic dysfunction and impaired hemodynamic control mechanisms. Isometric exercise (IE) training has been demonstrated effective at reducing BP; however, the continuous cardiovascular responses during IE are underinvestigated. We hypothesized that reflex autonomic cardiovascular control is an important mediator in reducing BP. To test our hypothesis, we investigated continuous cardiac autonomic modulation and baroreceptor reflex sensitivity (BRS) in response to IE...
August 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701299/modeled-changes-in-us-sodium-intake-from-reducing-sodium-concentrations-of-commercially-processed-and-prepared-foods-to-meet-voluntary-standards-established-in-north-america-nhanes
#11
Mary E Cogswell, Sheena M Patel, Keming Yuan, Cathleen Gillespie, WenYen Juan, Christine J Curtis, Michel Vigneault, Jenifer Clapp, Paula Roach, Alanna Moshfegh, Jaspreet Ahuja, Pamela Pehrsson, Lauren Brookmire, Robert Merritt
Background: Approximately 2 in 3 US adults have prehypertension or hypertension that increases their risk of cardiovascular disease. Reducing sodium intake can decrease blood pressure and prevent hypertension. Approximately 9 in 10 Americans consume excess sodium (≥2300 mg/d). Voluntary sodium standards for commercially processed and prepared foods were established in North America, but their impact on sodium intake is unclear.Objective: We modelled the potential impact on US sodium intake of applying voluntary sodium standards for foods...
July 12, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692313/prehypertension-and-socioeconomic-status-a-cross-sectional-study-in-chongqing-china
#12
Rui Zhang, Runze Deng, Pengyu Shen, Mingyue Fan, Bing Leng, Yujia Zhou, Yadeng Cui, Ge Li
BACKGROUND: A large amount of research is available on the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and hypertension. However, the relationship between SES and prehypertension remains complex and unclear. Prehypertension is defined as a systolic blood pressure (SBP) between 120 and 139 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) 80 and 89 mmHg. This paper focuses on the impact of SES on the prevalence of prehypertension and provides suggestions for the prevention and control measures of prehypertension and health resource allocation...
July 10, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675574/prevalence-of-hypertension-and-prehypertension-in-children-and-adolescents-with-intellectual-disability-in-southeastern-poland
#13
J Wyszyńska, J Podgórska-Bednarz, J Leszczak, A Mazur
BACKGROUND: There is insufficient information on the prevalence of hypertension (HPT) among children and adolescents with ID. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of HPT in children and adolescents with ID in comparison with the control group, which accounted for children and adolescents without ID. METHODS: The study included 568 students with ID, aged from 7 to 18, attending special education institutions in southeastern Poland...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667215/association-of-prehypertension-and-cardiovascular-risk-factor-clustering-in-inner-mongolia-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Guoju Li, Guanghong Guo, Wenrui Wang, Ke Wang, Hailing Wang, Fen Dong, Yonggang Qian, Haiying Gong, Guodong Xu, Yanlong Li, Li Pan, Biao Zhang, Guangliang Shan
OBJECTIVES: To assess the clustering of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in Han and Mongolian adults with prehypertension or hypertension in Northern China. METHODS: We selected 3227 Han and Mongolian participants (20-80 years old) using a multistage cluster sampling method in 2014. The participants were interviewed by standard questionnaires and underwent anthropometric measurement and biochemical testing. Han and Mongolian participants were divided into optimal, prehypertension, and hypertension groups based on blood pressure...
June 30, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666705/evaluation-of-high-blood-pressure-and-obesity-among-us-coal-miners-participating-in-the-enhanced-coal-workers-health-surveillance-program
#15
Megan Lauren Casey, Kathleen B Fedan, Nicole Edwards, David J Blackley, Cara N Halldin, Anita L Wolfe, Anthony Scott Laney
Since 2005, the Enhanced Coal Workers' Health Surveillance Program (ECWHSP) has offered respiratory examinations to coal miners in a mobile examination unit. As little is known about the cardiovascular health of coal miners, we describe the prevalence of high blood pressure (BP) and obesity among ECWHSP participants. During 2015, 1402 ECWHSP health examinations were performed. The prevalence of BP consistent with hypertension (systolic BP ≥ 140 mm Hg or diastolic BP ≥ 90 mm Hg), prehypertension (systolic BP 120-139 mm Hg or diastolic BP 80-89 mm Hg), and hypertensive crisis (systolic BP ≥ 180 mm Hg or diastolic BP ≥ 110 mm Hg) were calculated and compared with the US adult population using standardized morbidity ratios (SMRs)...
June 20, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662568/clinical-implication-of-an-impaired-fasting-glucose-and-prehypertension-related-to-new-onset-atrial-fibrillation-in-a-healthy-asian-population-without-underlying-disease-a-nationwide-cohort-study-in-korea
#16
Sean S Lee, Kyoung Ae Kong, Daehoon Kim, Yeong-Min Lim, Pil-Sung Yang, Jeong-Eun Yi, Minsuk Kim, Kihwan Kwon, Wook Bum Pyun, Boyoung Joung, Junbeom Park
Aims: For healthy populations without comorbidities, whether prehypertension and impaired fasting glucose (IFG) are associated with new onset atrial fibrillation (AF) is not well known. Methods and results: We included 366 507 subjects (age ≥20 years) not diagnosed with non-valvular AF from the Korean National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort (NHIS-NSC) from 2003 to 2008. In total, 139 306 subjects diagnosed with AF-related comorbidities were excluded, and a 227 102 healthy population was followed up until 2013...
June 28, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640118/high-normotension-is-associated-with-future-metabolic-syndrome-but-not-cardiovascular-disease-a-10-year-longitudinal-study
#17
Yen-Lin Chen, Chun-Hsien Hsu, Chang-Hsun Hsieh, Chung-Ze Wu, Jiunn-Diann Lin, Jin-Biou Chang, Yao-Jen Liang, Yi-Ting Tsai, Te-Lin Hsia, Dee Pei
Hypertension and prehypertension can increase the risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes. However, whether the harmful effects of high blood pressure (BP) are also seen with high normotension remains unknown. This 10-year longitudinal follow-up study aimed to investigate the relationships among normal-range BP, metabolic syndrome (MetS), and CVD.A total of 9133 nonmedicated normotensive participants, 4634 males and 4499 females, aged 60 years or older were enrolled in a standard health examination program at 2 academic hospitals and a health screening center in Taiwan...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639612/elevated-serum-retinol-binding-protein-4-levels-are-correlated-with-blood-pressure-in-prehypertensive-chinese
#18
J-X Zhang, G-P Zhu, B-L Zhang, Y-Y Cheng
Retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) has been reported involving in the occurrence and development of hypertension. However, to date, few data are available on the correlation between serum RBP4 level and blood pressure (BP) in prehypertension. Therefore, this association was investigated in prehypertensive Chinese. Overall, 160 subjects with prehypertension (Pre-HT group) and 160 subjects with normal BP (NBP group) were recruited in this study. The subjects were divided into the following four subgroups according to body mass index (BMI): obese Pre-HT subgroup; non-obese Pre-HT subgroup; obese NBP subgroup; and non-obese NBP subgroup (n=80 in each)...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620620/ngal-as-an-early-predictive-marker-of-diabetic-nephropathy-in-children-and-young-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#19
Nektaria Papadopoulou-Marketou, Alexandra Margeli, Ioannis Papassotiriou, George P Chrousos, Christina Kanaka-Gantenbein, Jeanette Wahlberg
AIMS: Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is often associated with early microvascular complications. Previous studies demonstrated that increased systolic (SAP) and diastolic arterial blood pressures (DAP) are linked to microvascular morbidity in T1D. The aim of the study was to investigate the predictive role of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) in unravelling early cardio-renal dysfunction in T1D. METHODS: Two T1D patient groups participating in two-centre prospective cohorts were studied...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619699/the-relationship-between-blood-pressure-and-sleep-duration-in-turkish-children-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Cengiz Bal, Ahmet Öztürk, Betül Çiçek, Ahmet Özdemir, Gökmen Zararsız, Demet Ünalan, Gözde Ertürk Zararsız, Selçuk Korkmaz, Dinçer Göksülük, Vahap Eldem, Sevda İsmailoğulları, Emine Erdem, Mümtaz M Mazıcıoğlu, Selam Kurtoğlu
OBJECTIVE: As in adults, hypertension is also an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease in children. We aimed to evaluate the effect of sleep duration on blood pressure in normal weight Turkish children aged between 11-17 years. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in the primary and secondary schools of the two central and ten outlying districts of Kayseri/Turkey with 2860 (1385 boys, 1475 girls) children and adolescents. Systolic and diastolic blood pressures were measured according to the recommendations of the Fourth Report of the National High Blood Pressure Education Program (NHBPEP) Working Group on High Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
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