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Prehypertension

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903995/prevalence-of-hypertension-and-obesity-related-hypertension-in-urban-school-aged-children-in-rasht
#1
Hamidreza Badeli, Amir Hassankhani, Zahra Naeemi, Sahar Hosseinzadeh, Shima Mehrabi, Motahhareh Pourkarimi, Sajjad Hosseini, Pourya Rahbar Nikoukar, Reza Nezamdoust, Alireza Rahimi, Asemeh Pourrajabi
INTRODUCTION: Hypertension is a worldwide health concern. Complications of hypertension not only affect adult patients, but also involve children. Given the importance of assessing children with hypertension in order to decrease adulthood complications, we aimed to assess the prevalence of hypertension in urban school-aged children in Rasht, Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 2072 school-aged children in Rasht, Iran, from January 2013 to December 2015...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863831/therapy-of-treatment-related-hypertension-in-metastatic-renal-cell-cancer-patients-receiving-sunitinib
#2
Philipp Ivanyi, Gernot Beutel, Nicole Drewes, Jens Pirr, Jan T Kielstein, Michael Morgan, Arnold Ganser, Viktor Grünwald
INTRODUCTION: Treatment-related hypertension (tHTN) is frequent during sunitinib treatment. However, data on risk factors and treatment of tHTN remain scarce. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with metastatic renal-cell carcinoma treated with sunitinib from June 2004 to December 2011 were included. Medical records were retrospectively analyzed for tHTN risk factors and antihypertensive treatments (AHT). Descriptive statistics, Cox regression, and competitive risk models were applied...
October 19, 2016: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861249/the-antihypertensive-effects-of-aerobic-versus-isometric-handgrip-resistance-exercise
#3
Garrett I Ash, Beth A Taylor, Paul D Thompson, Hayley V MacDonald, Lauren Lamberti, Ming-Hui Chen, Paulo Farinatti, William J Kraemer, Gregory A Panza, Amanda L Zaleski, Ved Deshpande, Kevin D Ballard, Mohammadtokir Mujtaba, C Michael White, Linda S Pescatello
BACKGROUND: Aerobic exercise reduces blood pressure (BP) on average 5-7 mmHg among those with hypertension; limited evidence suggests similar or even greater BP benefits may result from isometric handgrip (IHG) resistance exercise. METHOD: We conducted a randomized controlled trial investigating the antihypertensive effects of an acute bout of aerobic compared with IHG exercise in the same individuals. Middle-aged adults (n = 27) with prehypertension and obesity randomly completed three experiments: aerobic (60% peak oxygen uptake, 30 min); IHG (30% maximum voluntary contraction, 4 × 2 min bilateral); and nonexercise control...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843840/blood-pressure-reduction-following-accumulated-physical-activity-in-prehypertensive
#4
Yogesh Saxena, Rani Gupta, Arsalan Moinuddin, Ravinder Narwal
CONTEXT: Accumulated moderate physical activity (PA) for 30 min in a day is the only recommended treatment of prehypertension. OBJECTIVE: We investigated autonomic modulation as a possible mechanism for the decrease in blood pressure (BP) during the rest periods in each 10 min session of PA. DESIGN SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We conducted a single-blind randomized multi-arm control trial on 40 prehypertensive (pre-HT) young male adults. METHODS: Participants were randomly divided by using random number table into four groups...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843053/prehypertension-is-associated-with-early-complications-of-atherosclerosis-but-not-with-exercise-capacity
#5
Mi-Hyang Jung, Sang-Hyun Ihm, Dong-Hyeon Lee, Woo-Baek Chung, Hae Ok Jung, Ho-Joong Youn
BACKGROUND: Prehypertension has a high risk of progression to hypertension, and intensive lifestyle modification including regular exercise is recommended for the management of prehypertensive individuals. However, data on the association between exercise capacity and hypertension status are limited. Therefore, we aimed 1) to define the characteristics of prehypertension, focusing on metabolic aspects and exercise capacity, and 2) to elucidate determinants of exercise capacity in healthy individuals without hypertension...
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836914/masked-hypertension-understanding-its-complexity
#6
REVIEW
Stanley S Franklin, Eoin O'Brien, Jan A Staessen
Masked hypertension, which is present when in-office normotension translates to out-of-office hypertension, is present in a surprisingly high percentage of untreated persons and an even higher percentage of patients after beginning antihypertensive medication. Not only are persons with prehypertension more likely to have masked hypertension than those with optimal blood pressure (BP), but also they frequently develop target organ damage prior to transitioning to sustained hypertension. Furthermore, the frequency of masked hypertension is high in individuals of African inheritance and in the presence of increased cardiovascular risk factors and disease states, such as diabetes and chronic renal failure...
November 10, 2016: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824679/blood-pressure-and-left-ventricular-mass-index-in-healthy-adolescents
#7
Usama A Daimee, Marc B Lande, Wan Tang, Xin M Tu, Peter Veazie, John D Bisognano, Robert Block, John C Teeters
Primary hypertension among children and adolescents is increasing in prevalence and has been associated with the sequela of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), defined by increased left ventricular mass index (LVMI). The association between high blood pressure (BP) and LVMI in an otherwise healthy pediatric population is not well understood. We evaluated the relationship between measures of BP and LVMI in a group of healthy adolescents. We conducted a retrospective review of 55 high school athletes who participated in a community health screen, which included collecting BP readings and limited echocardiograms...
November 7, 2016: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804962/alcohol-consumption-and-the-risk-for-renal-hyperfiltration-in-the-general-chinese-population
#8
M Lin, Q Su, H Huang, Y Zheng, J Wen, J Yao, J Liang, L Li, W Lin, L Lin, J Lu, Y Bi, W Wang, G Ning, G Chen
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Glomerular hyperfiltration has been considered an early marker of kidney injury in prediabetes and prehypertension. Heavy alcohol consumption remains highly prevalent and is considered a major public health problem worldwide. The degree of glomerular hyperfiltration associated with alcohol consumption remains unclear. SUBJECTS/METHODS: This study was conducted in three communities in China. A total of 15 390 participants (5396 males and 9994 females) aged 40-65 years were included in the study...
November 2, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804179/preeclampsia-an-important-female-specific-risk-factor-for-asymptomatic-heart-failure
#9
Chahinda Ghossein-Doha, Jolijn van Neer, Brechtje Wissink, Nicolette Breetveld, Leon J de Windt, Arie Pj van Dijk, Maureen J van der Vlugt, Mirian Ch Janssen, Wieteke M Heidema, Ralph R Scholten, Marc Ea Spaanderman
OBJECTIVES: Preeclampsia (PE) is on the one hand associated with postpartum structural asymptomatic heart disease, consistent with heart failure (HF) stage-B, and on the other hand with conventional cardiovascular (CV) risk factors. With this study we aim to evaluate to which extent PE together with conventional CV risk factors are associated with asymptomatic cardiac abnormalities postpartum. METHODS: In this cross-sectional cohort study, formerly PE women (n = 107) and women with uneventful pregnancies (controls) (n = 41) were invited for CV risk-assessment 4-10 years postpartum...
November 1, 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797709/whey-protein-lowers-blood-pressure-and-improves-endothelial-function-and-lipid-biomarkers-in-adults-with-prehypertension-and-mild-hypertension-results-from-the-chronic-whey2go-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Ágnes A Fekete, Carlotta Giromini, Yianna Chatzidiakou, D Ian Givens, Julie A Lovegrove
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the greatest cause of death globally, and their reduction is a key public-health target. High blood pressure (BP) affects 1 in 3 people in the United Kingdom, and previous studies have shown that milk consumption is associated with lower BP. OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether intact milk proteins lower 24-h ambulatory blood pressure (AMBP) and other risk markers of CVD. DESIGN: The trial was a double-blinded, randomized, 3-way-crossover, controlled intervention study...
October 26, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797683/short-term-effects-of-green-tea-on-blood-pressure-endothelial-function-and-metabolic-profile-in-obese-prehypertensive-women-a-crossover-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Lívia de P Nogueira, José Firmino Nogueira Neto, Márcia R S T Klein, Antonio F Sanjuliani
BACKGROUND: Green tea consumption has been inversely associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) in epidemiological studies. Although some interventional trials suggest that green tea has beneficial effects on CVD risk factors, such as hypertension and obesity, others have failed to show such benefits. AIMS: To evaluate the short-term effects of green tea on blood pressure, endothelial function, metabolic profile, and inflammatory activity in obese prehypertensive women...
October 31, 2016: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792699/-prevalence-of-high-blood-pressure-and-their-association-with-body-mass-index-in-children-between-5-and-11-years-of-nahbalam-yucatan
#12
Leonel Alejandro Saury-Paredes
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of high blood pressure in children aged between 5-11 years in the community of Nahbalam, Yucatan, and its association with the body mass index. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A transversal study with children of the primary school "Lazaro Cardenas del Rio" was performed, measuring blood pressure, height, and weight of 259 girls and boys; systolic and/or diastolic blood pressure equal or greater than percentile 95 for gender, age, and height at three measures was considered as hypertension; prehypertension was considered as blood pressure equal or greater than percentile 90 but lower than percentile 95...
September 2016: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790426/prehypertension-and-its-determinants-in-apparently-healthy-young-adults
#13
Sunandha Senthil, Subbalakshmi Narasajjana Krishnadasa
INTRODUCTION: High incidence of prehypertension is reported in medical undergraduates. Prehypertension may progress to hypertension and eventually cardiovascular disease, a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Therefore, identifying the risk factors of hypertension in prehypertensive state may aid in effective control of blood pressure. AIM: To find whether clustering of known risk factors of hypertension or certain individual risk factors alone affect blood pressure in young adults...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783691/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-prehypertension-and-hypertension-in-iranian-population-the-lifestyle-promotion-project-lpp
#14
Jafar Sadegh Tabrizi, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani, Mostafa Farahbakhsh, Leila Nikniaz, Zeinab Nikniaz
BACKGROUND: This population-based study aimed at investigating the prevalence and associated factors of prehypertension/hypertension in Iran. METHODS AND FINDINGS: The data (n = 2818) for this study were collected in 2015 as a part of the major Lifestyle Promotion Project (LPP) conducted in East Azerbaijan (urban and regional parts). The data for socio-demographic status, dietary information, and physical activity and anxiety levels were collected through validated questionnaires...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779471/the-adaptive-role-of-nitric-oxide-and-hydrogen-sulphide-in-vasoactive-responses-of-thoracic-aorta-is-triggered-already-in-young-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats
#15
S Cacanyiova, A Berenyiova, F Kristek, M Drobna, K Ondrias, M Grman
The aorta plays an important role in blood pressure control so the early determination of its vasoactive properties could predict pathological changes in hypertension. The aim of study was to compare vasoactive properties and geometry of thoracic aorta (TA) and the participation of two vasoactive transmitters, nitric oxide (NO) and hydrogen sulphide (H2S), in TA tone regulation in young Wistar rats (WR) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Four-weeks-old WR and SHR were used. Systolic blood pressure (sBP) was measured by plethysmography...
August 2016: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776426/tetrahydroxystilbene-glucoside-inhibits-excessive-autophagy-and-improves-microvascular-endothelial-dysfunction-in-prehypertensive-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats
#16
Qianqian Dong, Wenjuan Xing, Feng Fu, Zhenghua Liu, Jie Wang, Xiangyan Liang, Xuanxuan Zhou, Qian Yang, Wei Zhang, Feng Gao, Siwang Wang, Haifeng Zhang
Autophagy exists in vascular endothelial cells, but the relationship between autophagy and blood vessel dysfunction in hypertension remains elusive. This study aimed to investigate role of autophagy in vascular endothelial dysfunction in prehypertension and hypertension and the underlying mechanisms involved. Furthermore, we sought to determine if and how tetrahydroxystilbene glucoside (TSG), a resveratrol analogue and active ingredient of Polygonum multiflorum Thunb used for its cardiovascular protective properties in traditional Chinese medicine, influences vascular endothelial function...
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754711/a-systematic-review-on-sasang-constitutional-type-associated-susceptibility-to-disorders-in-korea
#17
Hyun-Yong Lee, Woo-Jin Lee, Hae-Won Kim, Eun-Su Jang, Yo-Chan Ahn, Bon-Cho Ku, Weechang Kang, Si-Woo Lee, Chang-Gue Son
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Sasang constitutional medicine is a component of traditional Korean medicine that classifies individuals into four Sasang constitutional types (SCTs) by their physical and psychological traits. Each SCT is known to show different susceptibilities to disorders. This systematic review investigated the effect of SCT as a risk factor for various disorders. METHODS: A systematic literature survey was conducted by searching seven databases for all articles on the prevalence rates of disorders according to SCT and sex...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754307/lbos-03-02-prehypertension-and-hypertension-in-urban-suriname-the-helisur-study
#18
Fares Karamat, Frederieke Diemer, Sergio Baldew, Glen Oehlers, Gert Van Montfrans, Lizzy Brewster
OBJECTIVE: The global burden of disease attributable to high blood pressure showed that 54% of stroke and 47% of ishaemic heart disease worldwide were due to hypertension. Hypertension is still the main risk factor for premature death worldwide and, in particular, in low- and middle-income countries. We aimed to assess prehypertension and hypertension prevalence among a predominantly Asian and African population living in urban Suriname, a middle-income country in South America. DESIGN AND METHOD: We used data from the Healthy Life in Suriname study, in which 1,152 men and women aged 18-70 y living in the capital were randomly selected...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754200/ish-pre-1-reduction-of-cardiovascular-mortality-in-hypertensives-with-comorbidities-beyond-blood-pressure-lowering-the-role-of-arterial-aging
#19
Michel E Safar
Mid-life elevated BP is classically associated with a raised systemic vascular resistance. A classical interpretation of the association between aortic stiffness and blood pressure (BP) invokes hypertension as a simple form of premature aging that increases stress on the arterial wall and accelerates age-related stiffening of the aorta. Recent clinical and experimental data have called into question the directionality of this sequence of events associating stiffness and hypertension.Therefore an initial abnormality in stiffness may antedate and contribute initially to the pathogenesis of hypertension, namely isolated systolic hypertension...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754121/os-24-02-association-between-inflammation-obesity-and-prehypertension-in-16-25-year-old-australian-females
#20
Asvini Subasinghe, John Wark, Alexandra Gorelik, Suzanne Garland
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between inflammation and prehypertension has never been documented in adolescent females in Australia, where obesity is prevalent. We aimed to investigate the association between high sensitivity C-Reactive Protein (hs-CRP), obesity and prehypertension in young Australian females. DESIGN AND METHOD: Women aged 16-25 years, living in Victoria, were randomly recruited via targeted Facebook advertising for the Young Female Health Initiative and Safe-D studies...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
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