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Ju-Fen Lu, Ching-Min Chen, Chien-Yeh Hsu
Objective This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of home telehealth care combined with case management by public health nurses, in improving blood pressure control in patients with hypertension. Methods This cohort study examined the data of patients with hypertension obtained from a telehealth service centre database, between July 2011- June 2012. Eligible patients were adults (≥40 years old) with both prehypertension and hypertension, living alone or in the remote suburbs of metropolitan areas. Demographic data were collected from 12 district public health centre in Taipei, Taiwan...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
J Richard Jennings, Alicia F Heim, Lei K Sheu, Matthew F Muldoon, Christopher Ryan, H Michael Gach, Claudiu Schirda, Peter J Gianaros
Hypertension is a presumptive risk factor for premature cognitive decline. However, lowering blood pressure (BP) does not uniformly reverse cognitive decline, suggesting that high BP per se may not cause cognitive decline. We hypothesized that essential hypertension has initial effects on the brain that, over time, manifest as cognitive dysfunction in conjunction with both brain vascular abnormalities and systemic BP elevation. Accordingly, we tested whether neuropsychological function and brain blood flow responses to cognitive challenges among prehypertensive individuals would predict subsequent progression of BP...
October 16, 2017: Hypertension
Shao-Yuan Chuang, Hsing-Yi Chang, Hao-Min Cheng, Wen-Harn Pan, Chen-Huan Chen
Objectives: Central blood pressure (BP) can be used to define hypertension. A central BP approach may be more sensitive than a conventional brachial BP approach in detecting hypertension. We aimed to compare the two approaches in estimating the prevalence hypertension in a nationally representative population. Methods: A total of 2742 adults older than 19 years participated in the 2013-2016 National Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan. Central and brachial BP were simultaneously measured using a cuff-based stand-alone central BP monitor purporting to measure invasive central BP (Type II device)...
October 5, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
Qian Li, Lin Li, Shanhui Fan, Cuixia Dai, Xinyu Chai, Chuanqing Zhou
The human eyes provide a natural window for noninvasive measurement of the pulse wave velocity (PWV) of small arteries. By measuring the retinal PWV, the stiffness of small arteries can be assessed, which may better detect early vascular diseases. Therefore, retinal PWV measurement has attracted increasing attention. In this study, a jump-scanning method was proposed for non-invasive measurement of retinal PWV using spectral-domain OCT. The jump-scanning method uses the phase-resolved Doppler OCT to obtain the pulse shapes...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
Yuriy K Bashmakov, Ivan M Petyaev
Dendrimers are unimolecular architectural nano- or microparticle entities that can accommodate various nutraceuticals and pharmaceuticals between their branches (dendrons) and provide targeted delivery of biomimetics into different tissues upon addition of functionalized groups to the dendrimer's surface. Covalent binding, hydrogen bonds, and electrostatic interactions between dendrimer-composing molecules are known to form and stabilize dendrimer structure. Carotenoids have recently been shown to form dendrimer-like structures and promote targeted delivery of "cargo" molecules into organs characterized by high-carotenoid uptake (adrenal glands, prostate, liver, and brain)...
October 2017: Monoclonal Antibodies in Immunodiagnosis and Immunotherapy
Frederieke S Diemer, Se-Sergio M Baldew, Yentl C Haan, Jet Q Aartman, Fares A Karamat, Lenny M W Nahar-van Venrooij, Gert A van Montfrans, Glenn P Oehlers, Lizzy M Brewster
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is the leading risk factor responsible for premature death worldwide, but its burden has shifted to low- and middle-income countries. Therefore, we studied hypertension and cardiovascular risk in the population of Suriname, a middle-income country with a predominantly urban population of African and Asian ancestry. METHODS: A random sample of 1,800 noninstitutionalized men and women aged 18-70 years was selected to be interviewed at home and examined at the local hospital for cardiovascular risk factors, asymptomatic organ damage, and cardiovascular disease...
July 28, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
Qian Yang, Chunhua Song, Jicheng Jiang, Yi Chen, Shuying Liang, Nan Ma, Kaiyan Dong, Wei Nie, Kaijuan Wang
Hypertension and prehypertension may have important roles in the etiology of cardiovascular disease. However, the risk factors of hypertension and prehypertension have not been thoroughly elucidated to date. This study intended to explore the relative effects between reproductive history and the prevalence of hypertension and prehypertension. A population-based cross-sectional survey of postmenopausal women (n=6252), aged 41-93 years, was conducted from August 2013 to August 2015. All subjects, selected by the multistage random sampling method in Henan province, were categorized as normotension, prehypertension and hypertension according to blood pressure (BP) levels...
October 5, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
T Toro-Ramos, Y Kim, M Wood, J Rajda, K Niejadlik, J Honcz, D Marrero, A Fawer, A Michaelides
This pilot study evaluated the efficacy of a Hypertension Prevention Program (HPP) administered through a mobile application platform with human coaching (app) on reduction in blood pressure and weight in 50 adults with prehypertension or hypertension. Participants were recruited into a 24-week mobile application intervention to administer the HPP between January 2016 and July 2016. Dietary elements of the programme were based on the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension. The programme included in-app human coaching with bi-weekly phone calls, meal logging, blood pressure tracking and educational material...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
Barry J Materson, Manuel Garcia-Estrada, Stephane B Degraff, Richard A Preston
Prehypertension (systolic blood pressure 120-139 or diastolic blood pressure 80-89 mm Hg) confers a risk of progression to hypertension, impairment of cognitive function, increased left ventricular mass, risk of end-stage renal disease, and an association with arteriosclerosis. Recent studies provide data that could support the rationale for treating prehypertensives subjects with antihypertensive medications in addition to lifestyle modification, especially if they have concomitant cardiovascular risk factors...
September 21, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
Lutfu Askin, Yener Yesiltepe
BACKGROUND: High-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTNT) is an important non-invasive laboratory-based marker of subclinical myocardial injury. Prehypertension, which may be a precursor of hypertension, is a major public health issue. Our aim was to evaluate the importance of serum hs-cTnT as a marker predicting prehypertension. METHODS: A total of 100 subjects (45 women and 55 men) consisting of 50 consecutive prehypertensive patients with blood pressures between 120/80 and 139/89 mmHg and 50 normotensive patients with blood pressures < 120/80 mmHg were enrolled prospectively...
September 27, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
Guillermo Alberto Pérez Fernández
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 16, 2017: Archivos de Cardiología de México
Chimaroke Edeoga, Ibiye Owei, Krishmita Siwakoti, Nkiru Umekwe, Fatoumatta Ceesay, Jim Wan, Sam Dagogo-Jack
AIMS: We assessed blood pressure (BP) and blood glucose (BG) values in healthy subjects, and examined baseline BP as a predictor of incident prediabetes during follow-up. METHODS: Participants in the Pathobiology of Prediabetes in a Biracial Cohort (POP-ABC) study underwent screening assessments (anthropometry, BP, OGTT) and were stratified into normal BP (NBP), prehypertension, or hypertension, and normal glucose regulation (NGR), prediabetes (IFG/IGT), or type 2 diabetes (T2D) status...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
Shelley Spurr, Jill Bally, Carol Bullin, Krista Trinder
PURPOSE: To identify the risk factors and prevalence rates of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes among northern Canadian Aboriginal adolescents. DESIGN AND METHODS: In this novel exploratory, quantitative study, 160 high school students (aged 13-21) from three northern, predominantly Canadian Aboriginal communities were screened for risk for prediabetes and type 2 diabetes including demographic data, family medical history, anthropometric measurements, blood pressure, and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c)...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Jonathan Y Rosner, Megan Gutierrez, Margaret Dziadosz, Terri-Ann Bennett, Cara Dolin, Amelie Pham, Allyson Herbst, Sarah Lee Ba, Ashley S Roman
INTRODUCTION: Hypertensive disorders play a significant role in maternal morbidity and mortality. Limited data on prehypertension (preHTN) in pregnancy exists. We examine the risk of adverse outcomes in patients with preHTN in early (< 20 weeks) versus late pregnancy (> 20 weeks). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of singleton gestations between August 2013 and June 2014. Patients were divided based on when they had the highest blood pressure in pregnancy, as defined per the Joint National Committee 7 (JNC-7)...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Miguel Bigotte Vieira, Rute Baeta Baptista, João Costa, António Vaz-Carneiro
Arterial hypertension is a public health problem that affects approximately 25% of the world's adult population. The association between hypertension and hyperuricemia has been shown on epidemiological and experimental studies. However, it is unclear whether lowering serum uric acid might lower blood pressure. This Cochrane systematic review - a revised edition of a previously published one - intended as primary objective to evaluate the effect of hypouricemic drugs in patients with primary hypertension or prehypertension...
May 31, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
François-André Allaert
BACKGROUND: Because of the impressive increase in the risk of cardiovascular complications associated with levels of BP previously considered to be normal, the JNC 7 report has introduced a new classification that includes the term "prehypertension" for those with BPs ranging from 120-139 mmHg systolic and/or 80-89 mmHg diastolic. In the framework of a salt reduction as recommended by health authorities, this trial evaluates if the use of Symbiosal® reduces more prehypertension than standard table marine salt (NaCl)...
August 31, 2017: Minerva Cardioangiologica
Costas Thomopoulos, Gianfranco Parati, Alberto Zanchetti
BACKGROUND: It is currently unknown whether individuals with SBP/DBP values in the ranges 120-139/80-89 mmHg, usually defined as with prehypertension or high-normal and normal blood pressure (BP), benefit from BP-lowering treatment and whether benefits in these individuals depend on the level of their cardiovascular risk. OBJECTIVES: Meta-analyzing all available data from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) about the effects on cardiovascular outcomes of BP-lowering treatment in individuals with normal or high-normal BP values in absence of baseline antihypertensive drugs and free from a recent myocardial infarction, left ventricular dysfunction and heart failure...
November 2017: Journal of Hypertension
Marti Rice, Anne Turner-Henson, Fadi G Hage, Andres Azuero, Cynthia Joiner, Olivia Affuso, Deborah Ejem, Sara Laubinger Davis, Heather Soistmann
While incident elevations in blood pressure (BP) are apparent in preschool years, factors influencing BP in this population have received little attention. The purposes of this pilot study were to determine the feasibility of collecting data from preschoolers and their mothers and to determine effect sizes of relationships between BP and sex, race, birth status, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), geographic location, serum C-reactive protein (CRP), and salivary cortisol (morning, afternoon). A hypothesis-generating correlational design was used; 56 children, aged 3-5 years, were enrolled from six rural and urban Head Start programs in a southeastern state...
January 1, 2017: Biological Research for Nursing
Karl Peltzer, Supa Pengpid, Vanphanom Sychareun, Alice Joan G Ferrer, Wah Yun Low, Thang Nguyen Huu, Hla Hla Win, Erna Rochmawati, Niruwan Turnbull
BACKGROUND: Existing evidence suggests that the cardiovascular morbidities are increasing among pre-hypertensive individuals compared to normal. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of prehypertension, hypertension and to identify psychosocial risk factors for prehypertension among university students in Association of South East Asian Nation (ASEAN) countries. METHODS: Based on a cross-sectional survey, the total sample included 4649 undergraduate university students (females = 65...
August 23, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Qiong Lei, Xin Zhou, Dong-Mei Duan, Li-Juan Lv, Xiao-Hong Lin, Wen-Jie Ji, Wei Cai, Zhuoli Zhang, Yu-Ming Li, Jian-Min Niu
The longitudinal exposure-response relationship between trimester-specific gestational weight gain (GWG) and blood pressure (BP) during pregnancy is not well understood. We retrospectively assessed 1112 uncomplicated, normotensive pregnant women whose body weight and BP were measured from 12(+0) to 40(+0) weeks of gestation from a hospital-based cohort. By using growth curve modeling, a J-shaped pattern dominated diastolic BP (DBP) changing dynamics, with a midpregnancy drop at 20(+0) to 22(+0) weeks followed by a rebound...
October 2017: Hypertension
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