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Prehypertension

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439881/effect-of-cocoa-on-blood-pressure
#1
REVIEW
Karin Ried, Peter Fakler, Nigel P Stocks
BACKGROUND: High blood pressure is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease, contributing to about 50% of cardiovascular events worldwide and 37% of cardiovascular-related deaths in Western populations. Epidemiological studies suggest that cocoa-rich products reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. Flavanols found in cocoa have been shown to increase the formation of endothelial nitric oxide which promotes vasodilation and therefore blood pressure reduction. Here we update previous meta-analyses on the effect of cocoa on blood pressure...
April 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428538/hyperuricemia-is-associated-with-cardiovascular-diseases-clustering-among-very-elderly-women-a-community-based-study-in-chengdu-china
#2
Gang Huang, Jun-Bo Xu, Ting-Jie Zhang, Xiao-Li Nie, Qiu Li, Ya Liu, Yan Lv, Rui-Lian Wen, Lei Yang, Bao-Yu Zhao
Cardiovascular epidemiological features among very elderly Chinese are still uncertain. This study aimed to describe the distribution of cardiovascular diseases and sex difference, and investigate potential risk factors for diseases clustering among very elderly Chinese. From May 2013 to May 2015, a total of 1056 very elderly were sampled in this cross-sectional study. Demographic characteristics collection, physical examination and biochemical analysis were performed. Totally, 1038 participants (men: 49.8%) with a median age of 83...
April 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423153/heterogeneity-in-blood-pressure-transitions-over-the-life-course-age-specific-emergence-of-racial-ethnic-and-sex-disparities-in-the-united-states
#3
Shakia T Hardy, Katelyn M Holliday, Sujatro Chakladar, Joseph C Engeda, Norrina B Allen, Gerardo Heiss, Donald M Lloyd-Jones, Pamela J Schreiner, Christina M Shay, Danyu Lin, Donglin Zeng, Christy L Avery
Importance: Many studies have assessed racial/ethnic and sex disparities in the prevalence of elevated blood pressure (BP) from childhood to adulthood, yet few have examined differences in age-specific transitions between categories of BP over the life course in contemporary, multiracial/multiethnic populations. Objective: To estimate age, racial/ethnic, and sex-specific annual net transition probabilities between categories of BP using Markov modeling of cross-sectional data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
April 19, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420576/prevalence-of-hypertension-and-prehypertension-in-adolescence-in-ahvaz-iran
#4
Armaghan Moravej Aleali, Seyed Mahmoud Latifi, Homeira Rashidi, Seyed Peyman Payami, Azar Sabet
BACKGROUND: High blood pressure is a risk factor for some disease like stroke, coronary heart disease, and renal failure. High blood pressure in children is an increasing health problem. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine prevalence of hypertension and pre-hypertension age between 10 to 17 years old. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This descriptive analytic study was conducted using multiphase sampling method in Ahvaz (Southwest of Iran)...
April 7, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406263/pharmacotherapy-for-hyperuricemia-in-hypertensive-patients
#5
REVIEW
Pedro Henrique França Gois, Edison Regio de Moraes Souza
BACKGROUND: High blood pressure represents a major public health problem. Worldwide, approximately one-fourth of the adult population has hypertension. Epidemiological and experimental studies suggest a link between hyperuricemia and hypertension. Hyperuricemia affects 25% to 40 % of individuals with untreated hypertension; a much lower prevalence has been reported in normotensives or in the general population. However, whether lowering serum uric acid (UA) might lower blood pressure (BP) is an unanswered question...
April 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387894/the-natural-history-of-prehypertension-a-20-year-follow-up
#6
G Pannarale, C Moroni, M C Acconcia, G Pannitteri, G Truscelli, L Valente, P Gentile, F Lopreiato, R Licitra, M Tancredi, P E Puddu, M L Troccoli, P Cardelli, F Barillà, C Gaudio
OBJECTIVE: According to the JNC7 report, prehypertension category includes subjects with systolic blood pressure between 120 and 139 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure between 80 and 89 mmHg that would be at risk for developing hypertension and its untoward sequelae as myocardial infarction and cerebrovascular disease. Moreover, ambulatory blood pressure monitoring made it possible to detect subjects with masked hypertension, who are at risk of greater target organ damage than those with normal ambulatory or home blood pressure...
March 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382960/performance-of-blood-pressure-to-height-ratio-as-a-screening-tool-for-elevated-blood-pressure-in-rural-children-ellisras-longitudinal-study
#7
M D Sekgala, K D Monyeki, M A Mogale, N E Ramoshaba
There are complications in diagnosing hypertension in children and adolescents due to variation of blood pressure (BP) values to age, gender and height. This study was aimed at assessing whether the performance of BP-to-height ratio (BPHR) can be an effective tool for screening prehypertension and hypertension in Ellisras Longitudinal Study (ELS) children aged between 6 and 17 years. A number of the 9002 children aged 6-17 years who were part of the ELS underwent height and BP measurements using standard procedures...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381447/acute-cardiac-functional-and-mechanical-responses-to-isometric-exercise-in-prehypertensive-males
#8
Jamie M O'Driscoll, Katrina A Taylor, Jonathan D Wiles, Damian A Coleman, Rajan Sharma
Isometric exercise (IE) training has been shown to reduce resting arterial blood pressure (ABP) in hypertensive, prehypertensive, and normotensive populations. However, the acute hemodynamic response of the heart to such exercise remains unclear. We therefore performed a comprehensive assessment of cardiac structure, function, and mechanics at rest and immediately post a single IE session in 26 male (age 44.8 ± 8.4 years) prehypertensive participants. Conventional echocardiography recorded standard and tissue Doppler measures of left ventricular (LV) structure and function...
April 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381355/elevated-systolic-blood-pressure-of-children-in-the-united-states-is-associated-with-low-serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-concentrations-related-to-body-mass-index-national-health-and-examination-survey-2007-2010
#9
Carolyn E Moore, Yan Liu
A negative association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamn D (25[OH]D) concentrations and blood pressure has been found in adults; whether a similar relationship exists in children remains unclear. We hypothesized that serum 25(OH)D concentrations of children would negatively correlate with blood pressure. Using a nationally representative sample of children aged 8 to 18years from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-2010 (n=2908), we compared serum 25(OH)D levels with diastolic and systolic blood pressure by vitamin D nutritional status categories...
February 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319484/nonpharmacologic-management-of-hypertension-a-multidisciplinary-approach
#10
Cemal Ozemek, Shane A Phillips, Dejana Popovic, Deepika Laddu-Patel, Ibra S Fancher, Ross Arena, Carl J Lavie
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Nonpharmacologic lifestyle modification interventions (LMIs), such as increasing physical activity, dietary modification, weight-loss, reducing alcohol consumption and smoking cessation, are effective strategies to lower resting blood pressures (BPs) in prehypertensive or hypertensive patients. However, the limited time shared between a physician and a patient is not adequate to instill an adoption of LMI. The purpose of this review is to therefore highlight evidence-based BP lowering, LMI strategies that can feasibly be implemented in clinical practices...
March 17, 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314796/prehypertensive-blood-pressures-and-regional-cerebral-blood-flow-independently-relate-to-cognitive-performance-in-midlife
#11
J Richard Jennings, Matthew F Muldoon, Christopher Ryan, H Michael Gach, Alicia Heim, Lei K Sheu, Peter J Gianaros
BACKGROUND: High blood pressure is thought to contribute to dementia in late life, but our understanding of the relationship between individual differences in blood pressure (BP) and cognitive functioning is incomplete. In this study, cognitive performance in nonhypertensive midlife adults was examined as a function of resting BP and regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) responses during cognitive testing. We hypothesized that BP would be negatively related to cognitive performance and that cognitive performance would also be related to rCBF responses within areas related to BP control...
March 17, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272109/morning-blood-pressure-surge-is-associated-with-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-prehypertensive-patients
#12
Sertac Alpaydin, Yasar Turan, Mustafa Caliskan, Zuhal Caliskan, Feyza Aksu, Serhan Ozyildirim, Zafer Buyukterzi, Osman Kostek, Haldun Muderrisoglu
OBJECTIVE: Morning blood pressure (BP) surge (MBPS) is defined as an excessive increase in the morning BP from the lowest systolic BP during sleep and is reported as a risk factor for cardiovascular events in current clinical studies. In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between MBPS and carotid intima-media thickness (C-IMT) in prehypertensive patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We evaluated the association between the rate of BP variation derived from ambulatory BP monitoring and C-IMT in patients with prehypertension...
March 7, 2017: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247956/association-between-blood-pressure-and-magnesium-and-uric-acid-levels-in-indigenous-argentinean-children-at-high-altitude
#13
V Hirschler, C González, G Maccallini, C Molinari, L Castano
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between nontraditional risk factors such as magnesium and uric acid with blood pressure (BP) in Indigenous children. METHODS: A total of 263 school-aged indigenous children living at high altitude were enrolled in a cross-sectional study in November 2011. Prehypertension (preHTN) and hypertension (HTN) were defined by systolic and/or diastolic BP ≥ 90th to <95th percentile or ≥95th percentile respectively, according to age, sex, and height...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240684/left-ventricular-myocardial-performance-index-in-prehypertensive-patients-with-normal-coronary-arteries
#14
Erdoğan Yaşar, Hakan Taşolar, Nusret Açikgöz
OBJECTIVES: Prehypertension, which may be the precursor of hypertension, is an important public health problem in the community. Myocardial performance index (MPI) is a noninvasive Doppler measurement of global ventricular function. Thus, our aim was to evaluate left ventricule (LV) functions with the MPI in prehypertensive patients with normal coronary artery angiography. PATIENTS AND MATERIALS: Forty prehypertensive patients (21 women and 19 men), with blood pressures between 120/80 and 139/89 mmHg, and 40 normotensive controls (18 women and 22 men), with blood pressures under 120/80 mmHg, were included in the study...
February 24, 2017: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240186/plasma-potassium-levels-in-healthy-prehypertension-subjects-and-the-role-of-a-high-potassium-drink
#15
Farapti Farapti, Savitri Sayogo, Parlindungan Siregar
Most populations around the world consume less than the recommended levels of potassium. Long term low potassium intake could lead to decreased plasma potassium levels and induce hypokalemia. The increasing of plasma potassium levels 0,2-0,4 mmol/L by improving potassium intake decreased significantly blood pressure (BP). Assessing plasma potassium levels in healthy people related to potassium intake have not been studied. In this study, we analysed plasma potassium levels in prehypertension (PHT) subjects and to evaluate the effect of tender coconut water (TCW) as a high potassium drink on plasma potassium levels in PHT adults...
February 24, 2017: Current Hypertension Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231078/effects-of-aerobic-exercise-training-on-ace-and-adrb2-gene-expression-plasma-angiotensin-ii-level-and-flow-mediated-dilation-a-study-on-obese-postmenopausal-women-with-prehypertension
#16
Noushin Azadpour, Bakhtyar Tartibian, Şükran Nazan Koşar
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of 10 weeks of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise training (MIET) on blood pressure (BP), angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and β2-adrenergic receptor (ADRB2) gene expression in leukocytes, plasma angiotensin II (Ang II), and flow-mediated dilation (FMD) in obese postmenopausal women (PMW) with prehypertension. METHODS: Twenty-four obese prehypertensive PMW (aged 50-70 y; body mass index ≥30 kg/m) randomly assigned to control (n = 12) and exercise (n = 12) groups...
March 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230200/prevalence-of-prehypertension-and-left-ventricular-hypertrophy
#17
Jun-Ichi Oyama, Koichi Node
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 23, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223474/can-pediatric-hypertension-criteria-be-simplified-a-prediction-analysis-of-subclinical-cardiovascular-outcomes-from-the-bogalusa-heart-study
#18
Bo Xi, Tao Zhang, Shengxu Li, Emily Harville, Lydia Bazzano, Jiang He, Wei Chen
Prehypertension and hypertension in childhood are defined by sex-, age-, and height-specific 90th (or ≥120/80 mm Hg) and 95th percentiles of blood pressure, respectively, by the 2004 Fourth Report. However, these cutoffs are complex and cumbersome for use. This study assessed the performance of a simplified blood pressure definition to predict adult hypertension and subclinical cardiovascular disease. The cohort consisted of 1225 adults (530 men; aged 26.3-47.7 years) from the Bogalusa Heart Study with 27...
April 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207613/vagal-regulation-of-cardiac-function-in-early-childhood-and-cardiovascular-risk-in-adolescence
#19
Meghan J Gangel, Lilly Shanahan, Jacek Kolacz, James A Janssen, Ashley Brown, Susan D Calkins, Susan P Keane, Laurie Wideman
OBJECTIVE: Poor behavioral self-regulation in the first two decades of life has been identified as an important precursor of disease risk in adulthood. However, physiological regulation has not been well-studied as a disease risk factor before adulthood. We tested whether physiological regulation at age two, in the form of vagal regulation of cardiac function (indexed by RSA change), would predict three indicators of cardiovascular risk at age 16 (diastolic and systolic blood pressure and body mass index)...
February 15, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190873/the-role-of-uric-acid-in-hypertension-of-adolescents-prehypertension-and-salt-sensitivity-of-blood-pressure
#20
Yang Wang, Jia-Wen Hu, Yong-Bo Lv, Chao Chu, Ke-Ke Wang, Wen-Ling Zheng, Yu-Meng Cao, Zu-Yi Yuan, Jian-Jun Mu
Uric acid is the end product of purine metabolism. Metabolic disorders of uric acid are associated with many disease states. Substantial evidence suggests the possible role of uric acid as a mediator of high blood pressure. Elevated uric acid is closely associated with new onset essential hypertension in adolescents and prehypertension; and urate-lowering agents can significantly improve these early stages of hypertension. Uric acid also influences salt sensitivity of blood pressure through two phases. Local renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system activation initiates renal damage, arteriolopathy, and endothelium dysfunction, which is followed by the dysregulation of sodium homeostasis, thereby leading to increased salt sensitivity...
February 13, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
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