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Prehypertension

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640118/high-normotension-is-associated-with-future-metabolic-syndrome-but-not-cardiovascular-disease-a-10-year-longitudinal-study
#1
Yen-Lin Chen, Chun-Hsien Hsu, Chang-Hsun Hsieh, Chung-Ze Wu, Jiunn-Diann Lin, Jin-Biou Chang, Yao-Jen Liang, Yi-Ting Tsai, Te-Lin Hsia, Dee Pei
Hypertension and prehypertension can increase the risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes. However, whether the harmful effects of high blood pressure (BP) are also seen with high normotension remains unknown. This 10-year longitudinal follow-up study aimed to investigate the relationships among normal-range BP, metabolic syndrome (MetS), and CVD.A total of 9133 nonmedicated normotensive participants, 4634 males and 4499 females, aged 60 years or older were enrolled in a standard health examination program at 2 academic hospitals and a health screening center in Taiwan...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639612/elevated-serum-retinol-binding-protein-4-levels-are-correlated-with-blood-pressure-in-prehypertensive-chinese
#2
J-X Zhang, G-P Zhu, B-L Zhang, Y-Y Cheng
Retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) has been reported involving in the occurrence and development of hypertension. However, to date, few data are available on the correlation between serum RBP4 level and blood pressure (BP) in prehypertension. Therefore, this association was investigated in prehypertensive Chinese. Overall, 160 subjects with prehypertension (Pre-HT group) and 160 subjects with normal BP (NBP group) were recruited in this study. The subjects were divided into the following four subgroups according to body mass index (BMI): obese Pre-HT subgroup; non-obese Pre-HT subgroup; obese NBP subgroup; and non-obese NBP subgroup (n=80 in each)...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620620/ngal-as-an-early-predictive-marker-of-diabetic-nephropathy-in-children-and-young-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#3
Nektaria Papadopoulou-Marketou, Alexandra Margeli, Ioannis Papassotiriou, George P Chrousos, Christina Kanaka-Gantenbein, Jeanette Wahlberg
AIMS: Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is often associated with early microvascular complications. Previous studies demonstrated that increased systolic (SAP) and diastolic arterial blood pressures (DAP) are linked to microvascular morbidity in T1D. The aim of the study was to investigate the predictive role of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) in unravelling early cardio-renal dysfunction in T1D. METHODS: Two T1D patient groups participating in two-centre prospective cohorts were studied...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619699/the-relationship-between-blood-pressure-and-sleep-duration-in-turkish-children-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Cengiz Bal, Ahmet Öztürk, Betül Çiçek, Ahmet Özdemir, Gökmen Zararsız, Demet Ünalan, Gözde Ertürk Zararsız, Selçuk Korkmaz, Dinçer Göksülük, Vahap Eldem, Sevda İsmailoğulları, Emine Erdem, Mümtaz M Mazıcıoğlu, Selam Kurtoğlu
OBJECTIVE: As in adults, hypertension is also an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease in children. We aimed to evaluate the effect of sleep duration on blood pressure in normal weight Turkish children aged between 11-17 years. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in the primary and secondary schools of the two central and ten outlying districts of Kayseri/Turkey with 2860 (1385 boys, 1475 girls) children and adolescents. Systolic and diastolic blood pressures were measured according to the recommendations of the Fourth Report of the National High Blood Pressure Education Program (NHBPEP) Working Group on High Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607131/trends-in-prehypertension-and-hypertension-risk-factors-in-us-adults-1999-2012
#5
John N Booth, Jiexiang Li, Lu Zhang, Liwei Chen, Paul Muntner, Brent Egan
Prehypertension is associated with increased risk for hypertension and cardiovascular disease. Data are limited on the temporal changes in the prevalence of prehypertension and risk factors for hypertension and cardiovascular disease among US adults with prehypertension. We analyzed data from 30 958 US adults ≥20 years of age who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys between 1999 and 2012. Using the mean of 3 blood pressure (BP) measurements from a study examination, prehypertension was defined as systolic BP of 120 to 139 mm Hg and diastolic BP <90 mm Hg or diastolic BP of 80 to 89 mm Hg and systolic BP <140 mm Hg among participants not taking antihypertensive medication...
June 12, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591489/association-of-microalbuminuria-with-diabetes-is-stronger-in-people-with-prehypertension-compared-to-those-with-ideal-blood-pressure
#6
Qing Wang, Jingjing Huang, Yuemin Sun, Wenjuan Zhang, Yuxia Gao, Wei Yao, Bo Bian, Yongle Li, Xianming Wu, Kaijun Niu
AIM: Microalbuminuria (MA) has been demonstrated as a biomarker for microvascular dysfunction. This study is aimed to evaluate the association of glycemic status with MA in prehypertensive and ideal BP subjects and to evaluate the interaction between glycemic and blood pressure status as risk factors for MA prevalence. METHODS: 1059 subjects aged 40-70 with non-hypertension who were recruited from 6 districts of Tianjin were divided into prehypertensive group (622 cases) and ideal blood BP (437 cases)...
June 7, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590143/combined-exercise-training-reduces-blood-pressure-arterial-stiffness-and-insulin-resistance-in-obese-prehypertensive-adolescent-girls
#7
Won-Mok Son, Ki-Dong Sung, Leena P Bharath, Kong-Jib Choi, Song-Young Park
Childhood obesity is strongly linked to pathological processes for cardiovascular diseases in later adulthood. Obese adolescent girls with high blood pressure (BP) are reported to have increased arterial stiffness, which is associated with the development of hypertension and atherosclerosis. The present study sought to examine the impact of combined resistance and aerobic exercise (CRAE) training on BP, brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), insulin resistance (IR), and body composition in obese prehypertensive girls...
June 7, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590139/prehypertension-and-its-optimal-indicator-among-adults-in-hubei-province-central-china-2013-2015
#8
Mengdi Ma, Xiaodong Tan, Shuzhen Zhu
BACKGROUND: Hypertension accounts for 7% of the annual global disease burden, despite great efforts to counter this trend. Thus, interventions targeted at prehypertension might lead to a breakthrough for hypertension prevention. This study focused on the prevalence of prehypertension among adults in Central China and the best indicator of prehypertension, which would provide the basis for future interventions. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted using multistage stratified random sampling in seven counties in Hubei Province...
June 7, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558951/relationship-among-age-insulin-resistance-and-blood-pressure
#9
Chan-Hee Jung, Sang Hee Jung, Bora Lee, Melanie Rosenberg, Gerald M Reaven, Sun H Kim
The effect of age to modify the relationship between insulin resistance and hypertension is unclear. In this retrospective, cross-sectional study, median age was used to create two age groups (<52 vs. ≥52 years), and comparisons were made of metabolic characteristics, including steady-state plasma glucose (SSPG) concentrations measured during the insulin suppression test to quantify insulin resistance. Individuals were stratified into SSPG tertiles and categorized as having normal blood pressure (BP), prehypertension, or hypertension...
June 2017: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548186/-cardiovascular-risk-factors-among-first-and-third-year-university-students
#10
Gladys Morales, Francisco Guillen-Grima, Sergio Muñoz, Carlos Belmar, Ingrid Schifferli, Andrea Muñoz, Alvaro Soto
BACKGROUND: College students are in a critical stage in their life style due to the transition between high school and university and they may be prone to develop cardiovascular diseases. AIM: To compare the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) in students from first and third year at the University of La Frontera, Temuco-Chile, according to faculty, gender and socioeconomic status (SES). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study...
March 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545853/elevated-sympathetic-activity-endothelial-dysfunction-and-late-hypertension-after-repair-of-coarctation-of-the-aorta
#11
Melissa G Y Lee, Robyn A Hemmes, Jonathan Mynard, Elisabeth Lambert, Geoffrey A Head, Michael M H Cheung, Igor E Konstantinov, Christian P Brizard, Gavin Lambert, Yves d'Udekem
BACKGROUND: There is a high prevalence of late hypertension after coarctation repair. The relative contribution of elevated sympathetic tone and endothelial dysfunction to its development is unknown. This study aims to investigate the neural profile of coarctation patients including muscle sympathetic nerve activity testing to directly measure sympathetic nervous activity. METHODS: Twenty-three patients aged ≥18years with a coarctation repair underwent measurements of clinic and 24-h blood pressures, muscle sympathetic nerve activity, sympathetic and cardiac baroreflex functions, digital endothelial function, and ambulatory arterial stiffness index...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525406/blood-pressure-among-australian-aboriginal-children
#12
Nicholas Larkins, Armando Teixeira-Pinto, Emily Banks, Hasantha Gunasekera, Alan Cass, Jane Kearnes, Jonathan C Craig
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of elevated blood pressure (BP) and potential predictors of SBP and DBP in urban Australian aboriginal children. METHODS: The Study of Environment on Aboriginal Resilience and Child Health is a prospective cohort study of urban Aboriginal children attending four Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services in New South Wales, Australia. Clinical measures included a manual BP measured by research officers using standardized protocols...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507172/hemodynamic-and-mechanical-properties-of-the-proximal-aorta-in-young-and-middle-aged-adults-with-isolated-systolic-hypertension-the-dallas-heart-study
#13
Yuichiro Yano, Ian J Neeland, Colby Ayers, Ronald Peshock, Jarett D Berry, Donald M Lloyd-Jones, Philip Greenland, Gary F Mitchell, Wanpen Vongpatanasin
The aim of this study was to assess characteristic impedance (Zc) of the proximal aorta in young and middle-aged individuals with isolated systolic hypertension (ISH). Zc is an index of aortic stiffness relative to aortic size. In the Dallas Heart Study, 2001 untreated participants 18 to 64 years of age (mean age: 42.3 years; 44% black race) were divided into the following groups based on office blood pressure (BP) measurements: (1) optimal BP (systolic BP [SBP] <120 mm Hg and diastolic BP [DBP] <80 mm Hg; n=837); (2) prehypertension (SBP 120-139 mm Hg and DBP 80-89 mm Hg; n=821); (3) ISH (SBP ≥140 mm Hg and DBP <90 mm Hg; n=121); (4) isolated diastolic hypertension (SBP <140 mm Hg and DBP ≥90 mm Hg; n=44); and (5) systolic-diastolic hypertension (SBP ≥140 mm Hg and DBP ≥90 mm Hg; n=178)...
May 15, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501349/potential-health-impact-and-cost-effectiveness-of-drug-therapy-for-prehypertension
#14
Tao Chen, Dahai Yu, Victoria Cornelius, Rui Qin, Yamei Cai, Zhixin Jiang, Zhanzheng Zhao
BACKGROUND: Studies have reported that pharmacologic interventions with candesartan or ramipril could reduce the risk of hypertension among prehypertensive subjects free of clinical cardiovascular disease (CVD), however, the cost-effectiveness and long-term cardiovascular risk of drug treatment among these population is unclear. METHOD: A Markov state-transition model was developed to simulate a hypothetical cohort of Chinese adults with high-range prehypertension (130-139/85-89mmHg) but without CVD...
May 5, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492239/reductions-in-blood-pressure-during-a-community-based-overweight-and-obesity-treatment-in-children-and-adolescents-with-prehypertension-and-hypertension
#15
P M Mollerup, U Lausten-Thomsen, C E Fonvig, J L Baker, J-C Holm
Due to the pandemic of childhood obesity and thus obesity-related hypertension, improvements in treatment availability are needed. Hence, we investigated whether reductions in blood pressure (BP) would occur in children with overweight and obesity exhibiting prehypertension/hypertension during a community-based overweight and obesity treatment program, and if changes in body mass index (BMI) are associated with changes in BP. The study included 663 children aged 3-18 years with a BMI ⩾85th percentile for sex and age that entered treatment from June 2012 to January 2015...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481823/favorable-outcomes-using-an-ehealth-approach-to-promote-physical-activity-and-nutrition-among-young-african-women
#16
Beth A Staffileno, Christy C Tangney, Louis Fogg
BACKGROUND: Internet and mobile devices are widely used and provide alternative approaches for promoting healthy lifestyles, yet less information is available describing outcomes of these approaches when used with young African American (AA) women at risk for developing hypertension. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we evaluated a Web-based, culturally relevant lifestyle change intervention targeting AA women (referred to as the eHealth study). METHODS: African American women, aged 18 to 45 years, with untreated prehypertension and Internet access were eligible for a 12-week study that incorporated social cognitive theory strategies...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479890/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-pre-hypertension-in-congolese-pre-and-post-menopausal-women
#17
Mjs Muchanga, F B Lepira, R Tozin, E P Mbelambela, N R Ngatu, E K Sumaili, J R Makulo, N Suganuma
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess the prevalence of prehypertension and its associated factors in a population of Congolese pre and postmenopausal women. METHODS: We had consecutively recruited 200 women (100 premenopausal and 100 postmenopausal) aged 40 - 60 years at the department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, University of Kinshasa Hospital, and AKRAM Medical Center in Kinshasa, DRC. An interview was carried out using a questionnaire that comprised questions related to lifestyle, menses characteristics, medical history of diabetes, CVD, hypertension, current antihypertensive medication and use of traditional medicine...
December 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473232/age-related-changes-in-immunoreactivity-for-dopamine-%C3%AE-hydroxylase-in-carotid-body-glomus-cells-in-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats
#18
Kouki Kato, Seigo Fushuku, Yoshio Yamamoto
The purpose of this study was to investigate immunoreactivity for dopamine β-hydroxylase (DBH) and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) in carotid body (CB) glomus cells in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR/Izm) at 4 (prehypertensive stage), 8 (early stage of developmental hypertension), 12 (later stage of developmental hypertension), and 16weeks of age (established hypertensive stage). Age-matched Wistar Kyoto rats (WKY/Izm) were used as controls. Staining properties for TH were similar between both strains at each age...
April 28, 2017: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470470/role-of-paced-breathing-for-treatment-of-hypertension
#19
REVIEW
Relu Cernes, Reuven Zimlichman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Hypertension remains to be a major contributor to global morbidity and mortality. Despite a plethora of pharmacological options available, an abundance of patients have uncontrolled blood pressure thus creating the need for additional strategies, including non-pharmacologic approaches. In this review, we discuss the antihypertensive effect of slow and deep respiration by increasing baroreflex sensitivity. RECENT FINDINGS: Asking patients to carry out paced breathing sessions unaccompanied by a personal coach or unaided by a device may be unfeasible...
June 2017: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456498/fibroblast-growth-factor-23-is-independently-associated-with-cardiac-mass-in-african-american-adolescent-males
#20
Bonita Falkner, Scott W Keith, Samuel S Gidding, Craig B Langman
Left ventricular hypertrophy has been documented in hypertensive adolescents and among some with prehypertension. Obesity also appears to be associated with cardiac mass, independent of blood pressure (BP). Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is a novel biomarker positively associated with left ventricular hypertrophy in adults with and without kidney disease. The aim of this study was to determine if there was a significant and independent association of FGF23 with cardiac mass in a Black American adolescent cohort including both normotensive and prehypertensive participants with and without obesity...
April 12, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
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