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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166350/competency-crosswalk-a-multispecialty-review-of-the-accreditation-council-for-graduate-medical-education-milestones-across-four-competency-domains
#1
Laura Edgar, Sydney Roberts, Nicholas Yaghmour, Andrea Leep Hunderfund, Stanley J Hamstra, Lisa Conforti, Eric S Holmboe
PURPOSE: To identify common and overlapping themes among the interpersonal and communication skills (ICS), practice-based learning and improvement (PBLI), professionalism (PROF), and systems-based practice (SBP) milestones of the transitional year and 26 specialties. METHOD: In May 2017, milestones were accessed from the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education specialties website. A thematic analysis of the ICS, PBLI, PROF, and SBP milestones was performed to determine unique and common themes across these competencies and across specialties...
November 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166151/biomarkers-and-imaging-of-breast-cancer
#2
Olena Weaver, Jessica W T Leung
OBJECTIVE: The goals of this review are to provide background information on the definitions and applications of the general term "biomarker" and to highlight the specific roles of breast imaging biomarkers in research and clinical breast cancer care. A search was conducted of the main electronic biomedical databases (PubMed, Cochrane, Embase, MEDLINE [Ovid], Scopus, and Web of Science). The search was focused on review literature in general radiology and biomedical sciences and on reviews and primary research articles on biomarkers in breast imaging over the 15 years ending in June 2017...
November 22, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165663/oral-contraceptives-and-cigarette-smoking-a-review-of-the-literature-and-future-directions
#3
Alicia M Allen, Andrea H Weinberger, Reagan R Wetherill, Carol L Howe, Sherry A McKee
Introduction: Evidence continues to mount indicating that endogenous sex hormones (e.g., progesterone and estradiol) play a significant role in smoking-related outcomes. Although approximately 1 out of 4 premenopausal smokers use oral contraceptives (OCs), which significantly alter progesterone and estradiol levels, relatively little is known about how OCs may influence smoking-related outcomes. Thus, the goal of this review paper is to describe the state of the literature and offer recommendations for future directions...
November 18, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164765/maternal-pre-pregnancy-obesity-and-child-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-a-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
C E Sanchez, C Barry, A Sabhlok, K Russell, A Majors, S H Kollins, B F Fuemmeler
This review examined evidence of the association between maternal pre-pregnancy overweight/obesity status and child neurodevelopmental outcomes. PubMed and PsycINFO databases were systematically searched for empirical studies published before April 2017 using keywords related to prenatal obesity and children's neurodevelopment. Of 1483 identified papers, 41 were included in the systematic review, and 32 articles representing 36 cohorts were included in the meta-analysis. Findings indicated that compared with children of normal weight mothers, children whose mothers were overweight or obese prior to pregnancy were at increased risk for compromised neurodevelopmental outcomes (overweight: OR = 1...
November 22, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164757/considerations-in-fertility-preservation-in-cases-of-genital-trauma
#5
B Z Starmer, A Baird, M A Lucky
OBJECTIVE: To perform a review of the literature to assess the options of preserving fertility in patients with fertility threatening testicular injuries and their efficacy to help guide surgeons who encounter these patients in the future. METHODS: Medline, EMBASE and Cochrane library databases were searched using the keywords treatment, therapy, management, scrotal trauma / injury, testicular trauma / injury / amputation, fertility and fertility preservation Inclusion criteria: studies reporting the fertility preserving techniques with a history of testicular trauma with loss of one, both or nearly all testicular parenchymal tissue RESULTS: Two cases of testicular sperm extraction, eight cases of testicular replantation, and one case of cryopreservation after injury were identified...
November 22, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164528/equivalent-analgesic-effectiveness-between-perineural-and-intravenous-dexamethasone-as-adjuvants-for-peripheral-nerve-blockade-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Nasir Hussain, Tom Van den Langenbergh, Corey Sermer, Manuel L Fontes, Amit Atrey, Naum Shaparin, Tamara R Sawyer, Amaresh Vydyanathan
PURPOSE: Dexamethasone is commonly used as an adjuvant to local anesthetics for peripheral nerve blockade; however, uncertainty persists regarding its optimal route of administration and safety. A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized-controlled trials (RCTs) was conducted to compare the incremental benefits of intravenous (IV) vs perineural (PN) dexamethasone when used as adjuvants for peripheral nerve blockade to improve analgesia. SOURCES: A search strategy was developed to identify eligible articles from the Cochrane and National Library of Medicine databases from inception until June 2017...
November 21, 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164264/risks-and-benefits-of-salpingectomy-at-the-time-of-sterilization
#7
Tara Castellano, Matthew Zerden, Laura Marsh, Kim Boggess
Importance: Bilateral salpingectomy reduces the risk ovarian cancer. The Society of Gynecologic Oncology has recommended surgeons discuss salpingectomy with patients desiring sterilization. Objective: This review summarizes current literature on the benefits and risks of bilateral salpingectomy to reduce ovarian cancer risk. Areas of insufficient evidence and directions for further research are discussed. Evidence Acquisition: We examined the benefits and risks of bilateral salpingectomy for female surgical sterilization, using a PubMed and EMBASE literature review...
November 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163851/checkpoint-inhibitors-in-endometrial-cancer-preclinical-rationale-and-clinical-activity
#8
REVIEW
Gloria Mittica, Eleonora Ghisoni, Gaia Giannone, Massimo Aglietta, Sofia Genta, Giorgio Valabrega
Context: Treatment of advanced and recurrent endometrial cancer (EC) is still an unmet need for oncologists and gynecologic oncologists. The Cancer Genome Atlas Research Network (TCGA) recently provided a new genomic classification, dividing EC in four subgroups. Two types of EC, the polymerase epsilon (POLE)-ultra-mutated and the microsatellite instability-hyper-mutated (MSI-H), are characterized by a high mutation rate providing the rationale for a potential activity of checkpoint inhibitors...
October 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163326/systematic-review-of-traumatic-brain-injuries-in-baseball-and-softball-a-framework-for-prevention
#9
Michael D Cusimano, Alice Zhu
Background: Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) are an important public health challenge. The classification of baseball and softball as low contact sports and their association with extremity injuries cause individuals to overlook the risk of TBI in baseball and softball. Purpose: To summarize our knowledge of the epidemiology and risk factors of TBIs associated with baseball and softball with an aim to better design and implement preventive strategies. Methods: A search algorithm containing keywords that were synonymous to the terms "TBI," "baseball" was applied to the following nine databases: MEDLINE, Scopus, PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, Healthstar, PsychINFO, AMED, Cochrane library...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162147/a-systematic-review-describing-incidence-rate-and-prevalence-of-dysvascular-partial-foot-amputation-how-both-have-changed-over-time-and-compare-to-transtibial-amputation
#10
Michael P Dillon, Matthew Quigley, Stefania Fatone
BACKGROUND: Partial foot amputation (PFA) is a common consequence of advanced peripheral vascular disease. Given the different ways incidence rate and prevalence data have been measured and reported, it is difficult to synthesize data and reconcile variation between studies. As such, there is uncertainty in whether the incidence rates and prevalence of PFA have increased over time compared to the decline in transtibial amputation (TTA). The aims of this systematic review were to describe the incidence rate and prevalence of dysvascular PFA over time, and how these compare to TTA...
November 21, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162092/applying-systems-biology-to-biomedical-research-and-health-care-a-pr%C3%A3-cising-definition-of-systems-medicine
#11
Sebastian Schleidgen, Sandra Fernau, Henrike Fleischer, Christoph Schickhardt, Ann-Kristin Oßa, Eva C Winkler
BACKGROUND: Systems medicine has become a key word in biomedical research. Although it is often referred to as P4-(predictive, preventive, personalized and participatory)-medicine, it still lacks a clear definition and is open to interpretation. This conceptual lack of clarity complicates the scientific and public discourse on chances, risks and limits of Systems Medicine and may lead to unfounded hopes. Against this background, our goal was to develop a sufficiently precise and widely acceptable definition of Systems Medicine...
November 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161456/integrated-care-with-indigenous-populations-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#12
Melissa E Lewis, Laurelle L Myhra
INTRODUCTION: The integration of behavioral health into medical care is related to positive results including improved patient health outcomes, provider satisfaction, and cost-offset. Indigenous people suffer from the highest health disparities in the nation and disproportionately experience barriers to health care; yet it is unknown if integrated care is effective for this population. METHODS: A systematic literature review was completed on the state of integrated care at Indigenous-serving health care sites in 2014 and was updated in 2016...
2017: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161185/medications-for-sleep-schedule-adjustments-in-athletes
#13
Matthew B Baird, Irfan M Asif
CONTEXT: Sleep schedule adjustments are common requirements of modern-day athletes. Many nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic strategies exist to facilitate circadian rhythm shifts to maximize alertness and performance during competition. This review summarizes the evidence for commonly used pharmacologic agents and presents recommendations for the sports medicine provider. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: MEDLINE searches were performed using the following keywords: sleep aids, circadian rhythm adjustment, athletes and sleep, caffeine and sports, melatonin and athletes, and sleep aids and sports...
November 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161114/suicide-and-high-altitude-an-integrative-review
#14
Elaine Reno, Talia L Brown, Marian E Betz, Michael H Allen, Lilian Hoffecker, Jeremy Reitinger, Robert Roach, Benjamin Honigman
Reno, Elaine, Talia L. Brown, Marian E. Betz, Michael H. Allen, Lilian Hoffecker, Jeremy Reitinger, Robert Roach, and Benjamin Honigman. Suicide and high altitude: an integrative review. High Alt Med Biol 00:000-000, 2017. INTRODUCTION: Suicide rates are greater at high altitudes, and multiple mechanisms have been suggested for this relationship, including hypoxia, differences in population density, characteristics of suicide victims, and firearms ownership and access. To better understand these potential mechanisms, studies evaluating the associations between high altitude and suicide were examined...
November 21, 2017: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160495/systemic-arterial-hypertension-in-people-living-with-hiv-aids-integrative-review
#15
Maria Amanda Correia Lima, Gilmara Holanda da Cunha, Marli Teresinha Gimeniz Galvão, Ryvanne Paulino Rocha, Kátia Barbosa Franco, Marina Soares Monteiro Fontenele
OBJECTIVE: To analyze scientific productions about the relationship between HIV and Systemic Arterial Hypertension (SAH) in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). METHOD: Integrative literature review in six databases, held in March 2016. "AIDS" and "hypertension" were the keywords used in Portuguese, English and Spanish languages. We found 248 articles and selected 17. The categories formulated were "prevalence of SAH in PLWHA," "risk factors for SAH in PLWHA" and "adverse events of antiretroviral therapy (ART) that contribute to HAS...
November 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160427/review-of-magnetic-resonance-guided-focused-ultrasound-in-the-treatment-of-uterine-fibroids
#16
Pedro Felipe Magalhães Peregrino, Marcos de Lorenzo Messina, Ricardo Dos Santos Simões, José Maria Soares-Júnior, Edmund Chada Baracat
Uterine leiomyoma is the most frequently occurring solid pelvic tumor in women during the reproductive period. Magnetic resonance-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound is a promising technique for decreasing menorrhagia and dysmenorrhea in symptomatic women. The aim of this study is to review the role of Magnetic resonance-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound in the treatment of uterine fibroids in symptomatic patients. We performed a review of the MEDLINE and Cochrane databases up to April 2016. The analysis and data collection were performed using the following keywords: Leiomyoma, High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound Ablation, Ultrasonography, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Menorrhagia...
October 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160113/superficial-siderosis-of-central-nervous-system-with-unknown-cause-report-of-2-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
Hao Chen, Hafiz Khuram Raza, Jia Jing, Xinchun Ye, Zuohui Zhang, Fang Hua, Guiyun Cui
OBJECTIVE: To report 2 cases of superficial siderosis of central nervous system (SS-CNS) and a review of the literature. METHODS: We have analyzed the clinical data and relevant features of two patients with SS-CNS who were presented with ataxia and slurred speech. Both patients undertook blood tests, lumbar puncture, head CT (computer tomography) scans, and brain and spinal cord magnetic resonance (MR) scans. In addition, the first patient also undewent enhanced susceptibility-weighted angiography (ESWAN) and the second patient undertook susceptibility weighted imaging (SWI) scan...
November 21, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159874/meta-synthesis-on-migraine-management
#18
REVIEW
Mia T Minen, Lita Anglin, Alexandra Boubour, Allison Squires, Linda Herrmann
BACKGROUND: Migraine is one of the top 10 most disabling conditions among adults worldwide. Most migraine research is quantitative and indicates concerns about medication adherence, stigma, and more. Qualitative studies might reveal an improved understanding of migraine patients' perspectives regarding migraine treatment. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to synthesize the qualitative research on migraine patients' perspectives regarding migraine treatment to (a) identify common patterns across various types of migraine treatment studies and (b) inform future research...
November 21, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159776/non-pharmacological-interventions-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-compression-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
María Paniagua-Collado, Omar Cauli
Spinal cord compression is a complex and challenging condition that greatly affects the quality of life. Non-pharmacological techniques have only been studied to a very lesser extent; although they are evidence to be beneficial. We performed Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) analysis of the scientific literature in several databases (Medline, Cochrane, Scopus, Cuiden, Pubmed, Lilacs and Embase); using the following keywords: spinal cord compression, spine compression, mobilization, positioning, brace and bracing...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157874/air-travel-and-postoperative-lymphedema-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Michael Co, Judy Ng, Ava Kwong
Lymphedema is not uncommon after axillary dissection for breast cancer. Improved survival of patients with breast cancer from advances in adjuvant therapy has resulted in increased awareness of the quality of life for long-term survivors. Air travel has been postulated as 1 of the risk factors of lymphedema exacerbation. In the present systematic review, we sought to critically evaluate the current data on this topic. The present study was registered in the Research Registry. A systematic review of lymphedema and air travel was performed using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses protocol...
October 19, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
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