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Naiding Yang, Jintao Lu, Jinfu Ye
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that individual job characteristics have a significant impact on job burnout, and the process is subject to the regulation of demographic variables. However, the influence path of job characteristics on job burnout is still a "black box". SUBJECTS AND METHODS: On the basis of a systematic literature review by employing Pub Med, Science Direct, Web of Science, Google Scholar, CNKI and Scopus for required information with the several keywords "Job burnout", "Emotion regulation", "Personality traits", and "Psychological stress", in this study, an improved mine rescue workers-oriented job demands-resources (JD-R) model was put forward...
March 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Michaël R Laurent
An overview of selected papers related to bone published in 2017 is provided. PURPOSE: This paper accompanies a lecture at the 2018 Belgian Bone Club annual Clinical Update Symposium held in Brussels on January 20th, discussing the best papers (in the opinion of the author) published in the previous year. METHODS: A PubMed search using the keyword "bone" and articles published in 2017. RESULTS: Hot topics include screening for osteoporosis, novel anabolic drugs such as romosozumab and abaloparatide for osteoporosis and rare metabolic bone diseases, as well as long-term efficacy of denosumab and possible risk of multiple vertebral fractures following its discontinuation...
March 15, 2018: Archives of Osteoporosis
S Hemmer, H Almansour, W Pepke, M M Innmann, M Akbar
BACKGROUND: In the light of the increasingly aging population and the widespread understanding of the sagittal profile of symptomatic patients with adult spinal deformity (ASD), pervasive utilization of osteotomies on the vertebral column should be expected. These surgeries are accompanied with relatively high complication rates. However, there is no uniform definition or classification in terms of grading the severity or chronological incidence of complications after ASD surgery. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this work is to give an overview of the different classifications described in the literature hitherto and to propose a standardized, clinically utile classification of complications after ASD surgery...
March 15, 2018: Der Orthopäde
Marco Fiore, Sebastiano Leone, Alberto Enrico Maraolo, Emilio Berti, Giovanni Damiani
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the skin affecting approximately 2% of the world's population. Systemic treatments, including methotrexate and cyclosporin, are associated with potential hepatotoxicity, due to either direct liver damage or immunosuppression or both immunomediated and a direct liver injury; therefore, treatment of patients with psoriasis poses a therapeutic challenge. The aim of this minireview is to help clinicians in the management of psoriatic patients who develop signs of liver dysfunction...
2018: BioMed Research International
Florian Ferreri, Alexis Bourla, Stephane Mouchabac, Laurent Karila
Background: New technologies can profoundly change the way we understand psychiatric pathologies and addictive disorders. New concepts are emerging with the development of more accurate means of collecting live data, computerized questionnaires, and the use of passive data. Digital phenotyping , a paradigmatic example, refers to the use of computerized measurement tools to capture the characteristics of different psychiatric disorders. Similarly, machine learning-a form of artificial intelligence-can improve the classification of patients based on patterns that clinicians have not always considered in the past...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Shaun K McGovern, Audrey L Blewer, Andrew Murray, Marion Leary, Benjamin S Abella, Raina M Merchant
STUDY A: im Recent investigations have suggested that CPR training rates are low within the U.S and barriers to CPR training are poorly understood. Social media holds great potential for large scale capture of the public's CPR training experiences and may illuminate barriers to CPR training. While studies have examined Twitter data for behaviors associated with cardiovascular health, no investigation has evaluated Twitter data to understand public perception of CPR training. We characterized Tweet content about CPR training and associated sentiment to better understand barriers associated with CPR training...
March 12, 2018: Resuscitation
William J Meurer, Bradley Barth, Michael Abraham, Jerome Hoffman, Gary M Vilke, Gerard DeMers
BACKGROUND: Stroke treatment is a continuum that begins with the rapid identification of symptoms and treatment with transition to successful rehabilitation. Therapies for acute ischemic stroke (AIS) may vary based on anatomic location, interval from symptom onset, and coexisting health conditions. Successful therapy requires a seamless systematic approach with coordination from prehospital environment through acute management at medical facilities to disposition and long-term care of the patient...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
C-A Philip, G Dubernard
Endometriosis is difficult to diagnose clinically. Transvaginal sonography (TVS) is a procedure that is known to be operator-dependent, which mean that published evidences has to be balanced with the level of the sonographer that produced the data. The objective of this publication was to assess the performances of the sonography in the diagnosis of endometriosis in order to establish the French national recommendations. We searched the MEDLINE database for publication from January 2000 to September 2017 using keywords associated with endometriosis and sonography...
March 12, 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
Jamal Abdul Nasir, Muhammad Imran, Syed Arif Ahmed Zaidi
Vitamin D deficiency is an emerging health concern around the world, highly prevalent in south Asian population, despite abundant sunlight. In Pakistan, all age groups are vulnerable to Vitamin D deficiency including pregnant women. This systematic review aimed to determine the pattern of Vitamin D deficiency among Pakistani pregnant women as well as exploring the causes and possible interventions that have had a substantial effect on improving the vitamin D level. Three databases (PubMed, Pub Get and Google Scholar), for the present review up to 2016, were used for the identification of published peer reviewed original relevant studies regarding Vitamin D deficiency among Pakistani pregnant women with the keywords Vitamin D or 25-hydroxyvitamin D or 25(OH)D in combination with pregnant women...
March 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Dev R Sahni, Steven R Feldman, Sarah L Taylor
Rosacea is a chronic and recurrent disease with a variety of cutaneous manifestations. The disorder is a centrofacial inflammatory dermatosis with significant financial, physical and psychological impacts. There are a number of topical, oral and systemic treatments available. Yet, treatment for rosacea remains difficult. The multifactorial nature of the disease combined with an incomplete understanding of the pathophysiology is challenging for providers and patients. Areas covered: This article provides an in-depth review of rosacea treatment and emerging use of ivermectin 1% cream for papulopustular rosacea based on multiple clinical trials...
March 16, 2018: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
Valentina Camomilla, Elena Bergamini, Silvia Fantozzi, Giuseppe Vannozzi
Recent technological developments have led to the production of inexpensive, non-invasive, miniature magneto-inertial sensors, ideal for obtaining sport performance measures during training or competition. This systematic review evaluates current evidence and the future potential of their use in sport performance evaluation. Articles published in English (April 2017) were searched in Web-of-Science, Scopus, Pubmed, and Sport-Discus databases. A keyword search of titles, abstracts and keywords which included studies using accelerometers, gyroscopes and/or magnetometers to analyse sport motor-tasks performed by athletes (excluding risk of injury, physical activity, and energy expenditure) resulted in 2040 papers...
March 15, 2018: Sensors
Klaus Griesar, John Bessant, Sabine Bernschneider-Reif
The elephant is in the room-a metaphorical idiom for an obvious problem or risk that nobody wants to discuss. This abstract is not intended to be a summary, to reveal major findings, or unveil conclusions. On the contrary, it is aimed to provoke curiosity as to the question of corporate survival. Is there any recipe to be followed for companies to achieve this? The answer comes neither from the modest and traditional study rooms of philosophers nor the recent fact-based studies from the offices (and well-paid opinions) of business consultants...
March 15, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
Hui Zhu, Zhixing Li, Jinglei Lv, Renliang Zhao
OBJECTIVE: Cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) describes a syndrome of neuroimaging, pathological, and associated clinical features caused by small intracranial vascular lesions, which commonly coexists with large artery atherosclerosis (LAA) and has been identified as a major cause of motor impairment over time. In this review, we aim to summarize the relationship between CSVD and LAA, and discuss the effects of CSVD on the clinical outcome of patients with ischemic stroke caused by LAA...
March 15, 2018: Neurological Research
Izabela Krejtz, Paweł Holas, Marzena Rusanowska, John B Nezlek
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined the effectiveness of online positive attention bias modification training (ABMT) in inducing positive attention and positive interpretational biases in depressed individuals. METHOD: Clinically depressed individuals (n = 60) were randomly assigned to one of two conditions of 14-day online ABMT. In the positive ABMT condition, a probe replaced positive stimuli in 100% of trials. In the control condition, the probe replaced positive stimuli in 50% of trials...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
Sheikh Arslan Sehgal, Mirza A Hammad, Rana Adnan Tahir, Hafiza Nisha Akram, Faheem Ahmad
BACKGROUND: As the number of elderly persons increases, neurodegenerative diseases are becoming ubiquitous. There is currently a great need for knowledge concerning management of old-age neurodegenerative diseases; the most important of which are: Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, and Huntington's disease. OBJECTIVE: To summarize the potential of computationally predicted molecules and targets against neurodegenerative diseases...
March 15, 2018: Current Neuropharmacology
Galina Gheihman, Tomi Jun, Grace J Young, Daniel Liebman, Krishan Sharma, Eileen Brandes, Barbara Ogur, David A Hirsh
BACKGROUND: Longitudinal clinical experiences are a common component of undergraduate medical curricula, yet these programs have not been systematically characterized in US medical schools. OBJECTIVE: Our study sought to identify and characterize longitudinal clinical programs (LCPs) in US medical schools and measure associations between programs' structures and goals. DESIGN: Using a mixed-methods approach, we conducted a secondary analysis of data from publicly available websites...
December 2018: Medical Education Online
P Heydarpour, A Manouchehrinia, O Beiki, S E Mousavi, A Abdolalizadeh, M Moradi -Lakeh, M A Sahraian
OBJECTIVES: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic demyelinating disorder affecting young adults. Environmental factors and lifestyle behaviors are pivotal in MS pathophysiology. Smoking has been considered as an important risk factor in MS. Various recent studies have been conducted to measure the role of smoking on worsening disability in patients with MS, thus we intended to systematically assess effect of smoking on evolution of disability in this study. MATERIALS & METHODS: We queried MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane Library with following keywords "Multiple Sclerosis, Smoking, Tobacco Use, Disability" on December 1st 2016...
March 15, 2018: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
Rajat Das Gupta, Asm Shahabuddin
This review aimed to compare Bangladesh's Universal Health Coverage (UHC) monitoring framework with the global-level recommendations and to find out the existing gaps of Bangladesh's UHC monitoring framework compared to the global recommendations. In order to reach the aims of the review, we systematically searched two electronic databases - PubMed and Google Scholar - by using appropriate keywords to select articles that describe issues related to UHC and the monitoring framework of UHC applied globally and particularly in Bangladesh...
January 8, 2018: Curēus
Xuanliang Pan, Guoxian Chen, Pan Wu, Chunmao Han, Jon Kee Ho
Skin perfusion pressure (SPP) is the blood pressure that is the requisite for the restoration of microcirculatory or capillary flow following controlled occlusion and subsequent flow return. The purpose of the current review was to evaluate the value of SPP for the prediction of wound healing in patients with limb ischemia. Articles published up to January 31, 2017 were searched in the PubMed database and Chinese database CNKI, using the keywords of 'skin perfusion pressure', 'limb ischemia' and 'wound healing'...
April 2018: Biomedical Reports
Dimitrios Schizas, Ioannis I Lazaridis, Demetrios Moris, Aikaterini Mastoraki, Lazaros-Dimitrios Lazaridis, Diamantis I Tsilimigras, Nikolaos Charalampakis, Theodore Liakakos
BACKGROUND: Despite the improvements in the early detection and treatment of non-metastatic esophageal cancer, more than half of patients undergoing a curative treatment for esophageal cancer will develop recurrence within three years. The prognosis of these patients is poor. However, a wide range in overall survival has been reported, depending on the pattern of recurrence, and no optimal treatment strategy following recurrence has yet been uniformly accepted. AIM: In this article, we aimed to systematically review the literature for the role of surgical resection of metachronous distant metastasis following primary treatment of esophageal cancer...
March 14, 2018: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
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