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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668420/queering-biology-gutting-feminism-a-review-essay-of-gut-feminism-by-elizabeth-a-wilson-durham-nc-duke-university-press-2015
#1
David A Rubin
The author reviews Elizabeth A. Wilson's Gut Feminism (2015), arguing that Wilson's book productively challenges some of feminist theory's most entrenched presuppositions: that social, cultural, and discursive frameworks are opposed and superior to biological ones; that biological matter is flat, sovereign, monolithic, and determining; that depression is more a cultural, historical, and psychological phenomenon than a biochemical and pharmaceutical one (and that these nominative distinctions are stable and natural); and finally, that the belly's ruminations (hunger, ingestion, digestion, peristalsis, diarrhea, constipation, and excretion) give no clue as to the complexities of entanglements between gut, psyche, subjectivity, sociality, and hostility...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662519/response-to-a-critique-for-the-new-canadian-fasd-diagnostic-guidelines
#2
Jocelynn L Cook, Courtney R Green, Christine Lilley, R Psych, Sally Anderson, Mary Ellen Baldwin, Albert E Chudley, Julianne Conry, Nicole LeBlanc, Christine A Loock, Bernadene Mallon, Audrey McFarlane, Valerie Temple, C Psych
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650025/effectiveness-of-health-education-as-an-intervention-designed-to-prevent-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-fgm-c-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Susan Waigwa, Lucy Doos, Caroline Bradbury-Jones, Julie Taylor
BACKGROUND: Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) is a harmful practice that violates the human rights of women and girls. Despite global efforts to restrict the practice, there have been few reports on major positive changes to the problem. Health education interventions have been successful in preventing various health conditions and promoting service use. They have also been regarded as promising interventions for preventing FGM/C. The objective of this systematic review is to synthesise findings of studies about effectiveness of health education as an intervention to prevent FGM/C...
April 12, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609072/combining-fourier-phase-encoding-and-broadband-inversion-toward-j-edited-spectra
#4
Yulan Lin, Quanshuai Guan, Jianwei Su, Zhong Chen
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra are often utilized for gathering accurate information relevant to molecular structures and composition assignments. In this study, we develop a homonuclear encoding approach based on imparting a discrete phase modulation of the targeted cross peaks, and combine it with a pure shift experiments (PSYCHE) based J-modulated scheme, providing simple 2D J-edited spectra for accurate measurement of scalar coupling networks. Chemical shifts and J coupling constants of protons coupled to the specific protons are demonstrated along the F2 and F1 dimensions, respectively...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594773/building-molecular-interaction-networks-from-microarray-data-for-drug-target-screening
#5
Sze Chung Yuen, Hongmei Zhu, Siu-Wai Leung
Potential drug targets for the disease treatment can be identified from microarray studies on differential gene expression of patients and healthy participants. Here, we describe a method to use the information of differentially expressed (DE) genes obtained from microarray studies to build molecular interaction networks for identification of pivotal molecules as potential drug targets. The quality control and normalization of the microarray data are conducted with R packages simpleaffy and affy, respectively...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577331/rapid-and-flexible-creativity-in-musical-improvisation-review-and-a-model
#6
REVIEW
Psyche Loui
Creativity has been defined as the ability to produce output that is novel, useful, beneficial, and desired by an audience. But what is musical creativity, and relatedly, to what extent does creativity depend on domain-general or domain-specific neural and cognitive processes? To what extent can musical creativity be taught? To answer these questions from a reductionist scientific approach, we must attempt to isolate the creative process as it pertains to music. Recent work in the neuroscience of creativity has turned to musical improvisation as a window into real-time musical creative process in the brain...
March 25, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544663/an-update-on-telepsychiatry-and-how-it-can-leverage-collaborative-stepped-and-integrated-services-to-primary-care
#7
Donald M Hilty, Terry Rabinowitz, Robert M McCarron, David J Katzelnick, Trina Chang, Amy M Bauer, John Fortney
INTRODUCTION: In this era of patient-centered care, telepsychiatry (TP; video or synchronous) provides quality care with outcomes as good as in-person care, facilitates access to care, and leverages a wide range of treatments at a distance. METHOD: This conceptual review article explores TP as applied to newer models of care (e.g., collaborative, stepped, and integrated care). RESULTS: The field of psychosomatic medicine (PSM) has developed clinical care models, educates interdisciplinary team members, and provides leadership to clinical teams...
December 26, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532969/psyche-pure-shift-nmr-spectroscopy
#8
Mohammadali Foroozandeh, Gareth Morris, Mathias Nilsson
Broadband homodecoupling techniques in NMR, also known as "pure shift" methods, aim to enhance spectral resolution by suppressing the effects of homonuclear coupling interactions to turn multiplet signals into singlets. Such techniques typically work by selecting a subset of "active" nuclear spins to observe, and selectively inverting the remaining, "passive", spins to reverse the effects of coupling. Pure Shift Yielded by Chirp Excitation (PSYCHE) is one such method; it is relatively recent, but has already been successfully implemented in a range of different NMR experiments...
March 13, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530139/caring-for-self-harming-patients-in-general-practice
#9
Joanne Rowe, Chrystal Jaye
INTRODUCTION Intentional self-harm is an international public health issue with high personal, social and financial costs to society. Poor relationship dynamics are known to have a negative influence on the psyche of people who self-harm, and this can increase anxiety and decrease self-esteem, both shown to be significant contributors to self-harm behaviours. Positive and functional social supports have been proposed as a cost-effective and constructive approach in diminishing self-harming behaviours. AIM This qualitative study investigated the aspects of professional, social, familial and romantic relationships that people who have self-harmed identified as having a positive and constructive effect on their self-harm behaviour...
December 2017: Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525297/hysteria-in-ancient-civilisations-a-neurological-review-possible-significance-for-the-modern-disorder
#10
REVIEW
Edward H Reynolds
The word hysteria originated in the Corpus Hippocraticum (c420 BCE) as a natural explanation for a variety of diseases in women linked in the Greco-Roman mind to an animate or inanimate womb, but which in the last five centuries has evolved to describe an elusive disorder of brain ± mind in men and women, currently referred to by neurologists as "functional neurological disorder". The Babylonians, Assyrians and Egyptians had no knowledge of brain or psychological function. Babylonian and Assyrian descriptions of disease and behaviour include only rare examples suggestive of modern hysteria...
February 17, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504681/hiding-in-plain-sight-jung-astrology-and-the-psychology-of-the-unconscious
#11
Stephanie Buck
Astrology was a lifelong interest for C.G. Jung and an important aid in his formulation of psyche and psychic process. Archetypally configured, astrology provided Jung an objective means to a fuller understanding of the analysand's true nature and unique individuation journey. Jung credits astrology with helping to unlock the mystery of alchemy and in so doing providing the symbol language necessary for deciphering the historically remote cosmology of Gnosticism. Astrology also aided Jung's work on synchronicity...
April 2018: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502702/editorial-commentary-platelet-rich-fibrin-matrix-is-this-stuff-for-real
#12
EDITORIAL
Ajay C Lall, Benjamin G Domb
The use of biologic augments such as platelet-rich plasma and platelet-rich fibrin for tendon pathology has skyrocketed within the past 5-7 years amongst orthopaedic patients. Many retrospective series exist with small sample sizes and variable clinical applications. Patient psyche, price of product, and outcomes may be more intimately related than once thought. In this commentary, we briefly review the placebo and psychometric effect of medicine.
March 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483354/taxonomic-models-of-individual-differences-a-guide-to-transdisciplinary-approaches
#13
Jana Uher
Models and constructs of individual differences are numerous and diverse. But detecting commonalities, differences and interrelations is hindered by the common abstract terms (e.g. 'personality', 'temperament', 'traits') that do not reveal the particular phenomena denoted. This article applies a transdisciplinary paradigm for research on individuals that builds on complexity theory and epistemological complementarity. Its philosophical, metatheoretical and methodological frameworks provide concepts to differentiate various kinds of phenomena (e...
April 19, 2018: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470183/the-central-effects-of-androgenic-anabolic-steroid-use
#14
Marek Mędraś, Anna Brona, Paweł Jóźków
: Millions of men use androgenic-anabolic steroids (AAS) to stimulate muscle growth and improve physical appearance. Although 1 out of 3 people who uses androgenic-anabolic steroids develops a steroid use disorder, the effects of the drugs on the central nervous system and the psyche are still not well understood. Although most addictive substances improve mood immediately after administration, AAS exert less pronounced euphoric effects. Instead, they are primarily taken for the delayed gratification of increased muscle mass...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460918/treatment-of-supragastric-belching-with-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-improves-quality-of-life-and-reduces-acid-gastroesophageal-reflux
#15
E Glasinovic, E Wynter, J Arguero, J Ooi, K Nakagawa, E Yazaki, P Hajek, C Clin Psych, P Woodland, D Sifrim
OBJECTIVES: Excessive supragastric belching (SGB) manifests as troublesome belching, and can be associated with reflux and significant impact on quality of life (QOL). In some GERD patients, SGB-associated reflux contributes to up to 1/3 of the total esophageal acid exposure. We hypothesized that a cognitive-behavioral intervention (CBT) might reduce SGB, improve QOL, and reduce acid gastroesophageal reflux (GOR). We aimed to assess the effectiveness of CBT in patients with pathological SGB...
February 20, 2018: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460536/traumatic-and-surgical-scars-successful-treatment-with-a-1-565nm-erbium-glass-nafl-combined-with-ipl
#16
D Quarato, M Pascali, F Carinci
Scars are a very common condition of the general population and can have a profound impact on the psyche of the patient such as low self-esteem and feelings of psychosocial isolation. Various therapeutic approaches have been proposed for improving the clinical appearance of scars. Fractional mode of ablative and non-ablative lasers has become a novel strategy for the treatment of scars. A total of 43 patients (Fitzpatrick skin type II to IV), clinically diagnosed of surgical and post-traumatic scars from January 2015 to December 2016, were treated...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441004/reverse-engineering-tone-deafness-disrupting-pitch-matching-by-creating-temporary-dysfunctions-in-the-auditory-motor-network
#17
Anja Hohmann, Psyche Loui, Charles H Li, Gottfried Schlaug
Perceiving and producing vocal sounds are important functions of the auditory-motor system and are fundamental to communication. Prior studies have identified a network of brain regions involved in pitch production, specifically pitch matching. Here we reverse engineer the function of the auditory perception-production network by targeting specific cortical regions (e.g., right and left posterior superior temporal (pSTG) and posterior inferior frontal gyri (pIFG)) with cathodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS)-commonly found to decrease excitability in the underlying cortical region-allowing us to causally test the role of particular nodes in this network...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433889/psychiatric-disease-in-surgically-treated-colorectal-cancer-patients
#18
Vanessa P Ho, Emily Steinhagen, Kelsey Angell, Suparna M Navale, Nicholas K Schiltz, Andrew P Reimer, Elizabeth A Madigan, Siran M Koroukian
BACKGROUND: Underlying psychiatric conditions may affect outcomes of surgical treatment for colorectal cancer (CRC) because of complex clinical presentation and treatment considerations. We hypothesized that patients with psychiatric illness (PSYCH) would have evidence of advanced disease at presentation, as manifested by higher rates of colorectal surgery performed in the presence of obstruction, perforation, and/or peritonitis (OPP-surgery). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using data from the 2007-2011 National Inpatient Sample, we identified patients with a diagnosis of CRC undergoing colorectal surgery...
March 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423755/promis-depression-measures-perform-similarly-to-legacy-measures-relative-to-a-structured-diagnostic-interview-for-depression-in-cancer-patients
#19
Kerrie Clover, Sylvie D Lambert, Christopher Oldmeadow, Benjamin Britton, Madeleine T King, Alex J Mitchell, Gregory Carter
PURPOSE: To assess the convergent validity of the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) depression measures relative to legacy measures and criterion validity against a structured diagnostic interview for depression in an oncology sample. METHODS: 132 oncology/haematology outpatients completed the PROMIS Depression Computer Adaptive Test (PROMIS-D-CAT) and PROMIS Depression Short Form (PROMIS-D-SF) along with seven legacy measures: Beck Depression Inventory (BDI); Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression (CES-D); Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale; Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale; Patient Health Questionnaire; Distress Thermometer and PSYCH-6...
February 8, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422684/somatic-countertransference-as-evidence-of-adhesive-identification-in-a-severely-traumatized-woman
#20
Judy K Eekhoff
This paper discusses the use of somatic countertransference as a means of learning about the patient, about projective and adhesive identification and about the object relating nature of the most traumatized and withdrawn part of the personality. It assumes an elemental knowledge of British Object Relations and uses clinical material to illustrate the hypotheses that somatic countertransference is an indicator of a very elemental communication occurring from the aspect of the psyche that is united in a body mind or mind body...
February 8, 2018: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
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