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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932885/understanding-health-related-quality-of-life-in-caregivers-of-civilians-and-service-members-veterans-with-traumatic-brain-injury-establishing-the-reliability-and-validity-of-promis-mental-health-measures
#1
Noelle E Carlozzi, Robin Hanks, Rael T Lange, Tracey A Brickell D Psych, Phillip A Ianni, Jennifer A Miner, Louis M French Psy D, Michael A Kallen, Angelle M Sander
OBJECTIVE: To provide important reliability and validity data to support the use of the PROMIS Mental Health measures in caregivers of civilians or service members/veterans with traumatic brain injury (TBI). DESIGN: Patient-reported outcomes surveys administered through an electronic data collection platform. SETTING: Three TBI Model Systems rehabilitation hospitals, an academic medical center, and a military medical treatment facility. PARTICIPANTS: 560 caregivers of individuals with a documented TBI (344 civilians and 216 military) INTERVENTION: Not Applicable MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: PROMIS Anxiety, Depression, and Anger Item Banks RESULTS: Internal consistency for all of the PROMIS Mental Health item banks was very good (all α > ...
June 19, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29932570/the-patient-centered-medical-home-model-and-diabetes-outcomes-an-integrative-literature-review
#2
Glenmore Hendricks, Andrew P Corr, Annie P Odell, Joy R Goebel
The purpose of this integrative review was to synthesize the existing evidence on diabetes care within a Patient-Centered Medical Home (PCMH) model to evaluate its effectiveness on quality outcomes. Literature published in English between 2005 and 2015 was searched using thefollowing keywords: PCMH and diabetes, comprehensive care, care coordination, patient-centered care, quality and safety, and accessible care. The following databases were searched: Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), PubMed, Cochrane Review, Academic Premier (EBSCO), and Psych INFO...
July 2017: Journal of National Black Nurses' Association: JNBNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917231/itch-and-psyche-psychiatric-aspects-of-pruritus
#3
REVIEW
Mohammad Jafferany, Maryam E Davari
Itch, also referred to as pruritus, is an unpleasant cutaneous sensation provoking the desire to scratch. It is often an uncomfortable, subjective sensation responsible for decreased quality of life in a variety of psychodermatological conditions. Comorbid psychiatric conditions, including depression and anxiety, are frequently associated with itch and scratch cycle. The reciprocal and intricate relationship between the psyche and itch has been widely studied. The neurobiology of itch involves the complexity of specific mediators, itch-related neuronal pathways, and central processing of itch...
June 19, 2018: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914996/a-peircean-account-of-concepts-grounding-abstraction-in-phylogeny-through-a-comparative-neuroscientific-perspective
#4
REVIEW
Valentina Cuccio, Vittorio Gallese
The nature of concepts has always been a hotly debated topic in both philosophy and psychology and, more recently, also in cognitive neuroscience. Different accounts have been proposed of what concepts are. These accounts reflect deeply different conceptions of how the human mind works. In the last decades, two diametrically opposed theories of human cognition have been discussed and empirically investigated: the Computational Theory of Mind, on the one hand (Fodor 1983 The modularity of mind: an essay on faculty psychology ; Pylyshyn 1984 Computation and cognition: toward a foundation for cognitive science ), and Embodied Cognition (Barsalou 2008 Annu...
August 5, 2018: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892698/dual-diagnosis-competencies-a-systematic-review-of-staff-training-literature
#5
Melissa Petrakis, Rebecca Robinson, Kevan Myers, Simon Kroes, Sarah O'Connor
Objective: To conduct a systematic review of the literature regarding approaches to staff training in dual diagnosis competencies. Methods: A search was conducted using eight databases: Informit, Taylor & Francis, Springer, Proquest, Expand, Sage, Psych info, Elsevier and Cinahl. The year range was 2005 to April 2015. An additional manual search of reference lists was conducted to ensure relevant articles were not overlooked. Results: Of 129 potential results, there were only 11 articles regarding staff training in dual diagnosis...
June 2018: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884693/epidemiology-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-early-childhood-in-the-gulf-cooperation-council-countries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-protocol
#6
Mahmoud A Nahhas, Felix Asamoah, Stephen Mullen, Bright I Nwaru, Ulugbek Nurmatov
INTRODUCTION: There has been a notable increase in the prevalence of overweight and obesity in school-aged children in many industrialised regions. The worldwide prevalence of childhood overweight and obesity increased from 4.2% in 1990 to 6.7% in 2010. Although many studies have been published, the epidemiological burden of overweight and obesity in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates) is unclear. There is a need to bring together and appraise relevant studies in order to estimate the epidemiological burden (including incidence, prevalence, risk factors, trend over time) of overweight and obesity in this region and thus help to inform national and regional policies...
June 8, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29847310/translation-and-validation-of-a-wound-specific-quality-of-life-instrument-the-wound-qol-in-a-swedish-population
#7
Ann-Mari Fagerdahl, Gunnar Bergström
Hard-to-heal wounds can compromise patient quality of life (QoL); thus, assessing QoL is an important aspect of wound management. The aim of this study, conducted from August 2015 to July 2016, was to translate a wound-specific instrument, the Wound-QoL, into the Swedish language and context and validate its ability to assess QoL in a population of patients with wounds of various etiologies. The Wound-QoL, derived from 3 existing wound care QoL instruments, is a paper-and-pencil tool comprised of 17 Likert-style questions addressing 3 categories (Body, Psyche, and Everyday Life) to provide a global score...
May 2018: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29806175/exploring-the-relationship-between-illness-perceptions-and-depression-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-systematic-literature-review
#8
REVIEW
Priscilla Muscat, Joseph Chilcot, John Weinman, Joanna Hudson
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of depression is found to increase from early stages to later stages of chronic kidney disease. Research on illness perceptions in patients undergoing dialysis has confirmed that patients' beliefs are associated with important outcomes; one of the most significant being depression. However, the association between illness perceptions and depression in patients in pre-dialysis care remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this systematic review was to explore the associative relationship between illness perceptions and depression in patients with CKD prior to the commencement of dialysis...
May 27, 2018: Journal of Renal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792191/cost-of-provision-of-opioid-substitution-therapy-provision-in-tijuana-mexico
#9
Jose Luis Burgos, Javier A Cepeda, James G Kahn, Maria Luisa Mittal, Emilio Meza, Raúl Rafael Palacios Lazos, Psyché Calderón Vargas, Peter Vickerman, Steffanie A Strathdee, Natasha K Martin
BACKGROUND: Mexico recently enacted drug policy reform to decriminalize possession of small amounts of illicit drugs and mandated that police refer identified substance users to drug treatment. However, the economic implications of drug treatment expansion are uncertain. We estimated the costs of opioid substitution therapy (OST) provision in Tijuana, Mexico, where opioid use and HIV are major public health concerns. METHODS: We adopted an economic health care provider perspective and applied an ingredients-based micro-costing approach to quantify the average monthly cost of OST (methadone maintenance) provision at two providers (one private and one public) in Tijuana, Mexico...
May 23, 2018: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780307/parvalbumin-and-gaba-microcircuits-in-the-mouse-superior-colliculus
#10
Claudio A Villalobos, Qiong Wu, Psyche H Lee, Paul J May, Michele A Basso
The mammalian superior colliculus (SC) is a sensorimotor midbrain structure responsible for orienting behaviors. Although many SC features are known, details of its intrinsic microcircuits are lacking. We used transgenic mice expressing reporter genes in parvalbumin-positive (PV+ ) and gamma aminobutyric acid-positive (GABA+ ) neurons to test the hypothesis that PV+ neurons co-localize GABA and form inhibitory circuits within the SC. We found more PV+ neurons in the superficial compared to the intermediate SC, although a larger percentage of PV+ neurons co-expressed GABA in the latter...
2018: Frontiers in Neural Circuits
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762862/stress-and-the-psyche-brain-immune-network-in-psychiatric-diseases-based-on-psychoneuroendocrineimmunology-a-concise-review
#11
REVIEW
Anna Giulia Bottaccioli, Francesco Bottaccioli, Andrea Minelli
In the last decades, psychoneuroendocrineimmunology research has made relevant contributions to the fields of neuroscience, psychobiology, epigenetics, molecular biology, and clinical research by studying the effect of stress on human health and highlighting the close interrelations between psyche, brain, and bodily systems. It is now well recognized that chronic stress can alter the physiological cross-talk between brain and biological systems, leading to long-lasting maladaptive effects (allostatic overload) on the nervous, immune, endocrine, and metabolic systems, which compromises stress resiliency and health...
May 15, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750353/who-is-my-jung-memories-reflections-prospects
#12
Martin Stone
The author describes his personal and professional journey in relation to the subject of the AJA 40th anniversary conference, 'Who is my Jung?' The first part of the paper covers his early life and his attempt to bring together two opposing parts within him: valuation of a scientific approach, and an interest in the inner world, dreams and the paranormal. Discussion of his professional life follows, including his relationship with Gerhard Adler, past problems and splits within the Jungian community and the author's attempts to heal these...
June 2018: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750352/-thank-god-i-m-not-a-jungian
#13
Ann Shearer
This article focuses less on the content of Jung's ideas than on ways in which they act as both invitation and challenge to engage with psyche. It explores the mythic framework of Jung's approach and how this can enable individuals to live in psychological and mundane worlds in which there can be no final certainties. It elaborates three particular aspects of Jung's thinking that I have found personally valuable: his generosity of vision, his insistence that individuals engage for and with themselves rather than relying on someone else's ideas, and his ponderings on the relationship between the individual and the collective...
June 2018: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724607/erratum-to-how-beginning-handwriting-is-influenced-by-letter-knowledge-visual-motor-coordination-during-children-s-form-copying-j-exp-child-psych-171-2018-55-70
#14
Nicholas E Fears, Jeffrey J Lockman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 30, 2018: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708419/illusionment-and-disillusionment-foundational-illusions-and-the-loss-of-a-world
#15
Alfred Margulies
One can only be disillusioned if once one lived within illusions-and so disillusionment is always after the fact ( après coup or nachträglich), as illusions come into view even as they are crumbling within. With a crisis of disillusionment-or existential disillusionment-one falls away from a coherence of meaning, revealing a system of intertwined fundamental illusions that had always been lived within and implicit, part of one's being-in-the-world, and that now seem broken, strange, and uncanny. This way of being that one recognizes only retrospectively may be called "illusionment," a state of being apprehended in the very process of its falling apart...
April 2018: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704423/revision-of-antoni-k%C3%A4-pi%C3%A5-ski-s-concept-of-information-metabolism
#16
REVIEW
Jan Ceklarz
Information metabolism is a key model for describing psychiatric life in the works of a Polish psychiatrist, Antoni Kępiński. Due to the significance of Kępiński's writings on the psychiatric environment in Poland, and also its influence on the cultural life, a significant interpretative trend of this concept was subject to a critical analysis, a trend which relies on identifying information metabolism with the so-called biological model. The biological model is a postulate appearing in Kępiński's writings to describe issues concerning psyche in analogy to the somatic structures of an organism, especially the biology of a cell...
February 28, 2018: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700900/barriers-and-facilitators-to-health-care-professionals-discussing-child-weight-with-parents-a-meta-synthesis-of-qualitative-studies
#17
Daisy Bradbury, Anna Chisholm, Paula M Watson, Christine Bundy, Nicola Bradbury, Sarah Birtwistle
INTRODUCTION: Childhood obesity is one of the most serious global public health challenges. However, obesity and its consequences are largely preventable. As parents play an important role in their children's weight-related behaviours, good communication between parents and health care professionals (HCPs) is essential. This systematic review provides a meta-synthesis of qualitative studies exploring the barriers and facilitators experienced by HCPs when discussing child weight with parents...
April 26, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694527/psyche-meets-matter-body-and-personhood-in-the-medical-scientific-project-of-nise-da-silveira
#18
Felipe Sales Magaldi
In the early 1900s, Brazilian psychiatry was marked by the use of controversial treatments, like electroconvulsive therapy, psychosurgery, and insulin coma therapy. In 1946, the Brazilian physician Nise da Silveira took the front line in criticizing these treatments by setting up a creative activities studio in the National Psychiatric Center (Centro Psiquiátrico Nacional), in Rio de Janeiro. The article examines the theoretical basis for Silveira's medical-scientific project, drawing on documental sources and fieldwork with the study group at the Museum of Images from the Unconscious (Museu de Imagens do Inconsciente), maintained by her disciples...
March 2018: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694523/-almas-delirantes-1925-by-lu%C3%A3-s-cebola-the-poetics-of-the-human-psyche-and-the-physician-as-mediator-between-the-universe-of-mental-illness-and-society
#19
Denise Pereira
Lúis Cebola's 1925 work Almas delirantes [Delusional Souls] presented various psychopathologies through metaphorical and lyrical portraits rather than from a medical/ scientific point of view, showing that he perceived his patients as more than objects of scientific study in a process of identification, empathy, and compassion. Cebola defined psychopathological states according to contrast with normality, but stressed that these diseases could arise in any individual, and the book simultaneously acted as a warning to readers...
March 2018: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691958/brain-based-treatment-a-new-approach-or-a-well-forgotten-old-one
#20
Vanya Matanova, Zlatomira Kostova, Martin Kolev
For a relatively long period of time, mental functioning was mainly associated with personal profile while brain functioning went by the wayside. After the 90s of the 20th century, or the so called "Decade of the Brain", today, contemporary specialists work on the boundary between fundamental science and medicine. This brings neuroscience, neuropsychology, psychiatry, and psychotherapy closer to each other. Today, we definitely know that brain structures are being built and altered thanks to experience...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
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