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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441004/reverse-engineering-tone-deafness-disrupting-pitch-matching-by-creating-temporary-dysfunctions-in-the-auditory-motor-network
#1
Anja Hohmann, Psyche Loui, Charles H Li, Gottfried Schlaug
Perceiving and producing vocal sounds are important functions of the auditory-motor system and are fundamental to communication. Prior studies have identified a network of brain regions involved in pitch production, specifically pitch matching. Here we reverse engineer the function of the auditory perception-production network by targeting specific cortical regions (e.g., right and left posterior superior temporal (pSTG) and posterior inferior frontal gyri (pIFG)) with cathodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS)-commonly found to decrease excitability in the underlying cortical region-allowing us to causally test the role of particular nodes in this network...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433889/psychiatric-disease-in-surgically-treated-colorectal-cancer-patients
#2
Vanessa P Ho, Emily Steinhagen, Kelsey Angell, Suparna M Navale, Nicholas K Schiltz, Andrew P Reimer, Elizabeth A Madigan, Siran M Koroukian
BACKGROUND: Underlying psychiatric conditions may affect outcomes of surgical treatment for colorectal cancer (CRC) because of complex clinical presentation and treatment considerations. We hypothesized that patients with psychiatric illness (PSYCH) would have evidence of advanced disease at presentation, as manifested by higher rates of colorectal surgery performed in the presence of obstruction, perforation, and/or peritonitis (OPP-surgery). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using data from the 2007-2011 National Inpatient Sample, we identified patients with a diagnosis of CRC undergoing colorectal surgery...
March 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423755/promis-depression-measures-perform-similarly-to-legacy-measures-relative-to-a-structured-diagnostic-interview-for-depression-in-cancer-patients
#3
Kerrie Clover, Sylvie D Lambert, Christopher Oldmeadow, Benjamin Britton, Madeleine T King, Alex J Mitchell, Gregory Carter
PURPOSE: To assess the convergent validity of the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) depression measures relative to legacy measures and criterion validity against a structured diagnostic interview for depression in an oncology sample. METHODS: 132 oncology/haematology outpatients completed the PROMIS Depression Computer Adaptive Test (PROMIS-D-CAT) and PROMIS Depression Short Form (PROMIS-D-SF) along with seven legacy measures: Beck Depression Inventory (BDI); Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression (CES-D); Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale; Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale; Patient Health Questionnaire; Distress Thermometer and PSYCH-6...
February 8, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422684/somatic-countertransference-as-evidence-of-adhesive-identification-in-a-severely-traumatized-woman
#4
Judy K Eekhoff
This paper discusses the use of somatic countertransference as a means of learning about the patient, about projective and adhesive identification and about the object relating nature of the most traumatized and withdrawn part of the personality. It assumes an elemental knowledge of British Object Relations and uses clinical material to illustrate the hypotheses that somatic countertransference is an indicator of a very elemental communication occurring from the aspect of the psyche that is united in a body mind or mind body...
February 8, 2018: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411241/binge-eating-loss-of-control-over-eating-emotional-eating-and-night-eating-after-bariatric-surgery-results-from-the-toronto-bari-psych-cohort-study
#5
Yasmin Nasirzadeh, Karin Kantarovich, Susan Wnuk, Allan Okrainec, Stephanie E Cassin, Raed Hawa, Sanjeev Sockalingam
OBJECTIVES: We explored the severity of binge eating, loss of control over eating, emotional eating, and night eating before bariatric surgery and annually for 3 years following surgery. We also assessed the impact of post-operative eating psychopathology on weight outcomes. METHODS: Eight hundred forty-four patients participated in this prospective cohort study. Demographic factors, self-report measures of eating pathology (BES, NEQ, EES, EDE-Q), and weights (kg) were collected pre-surgery and annually for 3 years after surgery...
February 6, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406301/the-history-of-mind-psyche-body-soma-medicine-practical-examples
#6
Paulo Nuno Martins
This article discusses the relationship between health and disease, considering the mind/body dichotomy that has occurred in the history of medicine, both in Western and Eastern cultures. The author begins by referring to the magical concept of disease, passing through the classical Greek period, and the medieval and Renaissance vision, to the evolution of modern concepts proposed by psychoanalysis. The author references some practical examples about the importance of the mind-body relationship, such as the psychological steps experienced by the oncological patient, as well as the psychiatric disorder...
January 2018: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388278/walls-or-bridges-no-gobbledygook-the-international-psycho-oncology-society-2017-sutherland-award-lecture
#7
Matthew J Loscalzo
Illness, health and wellness happens in social contexts. The present political environment is highly divisive and plays to the most primitive fears of people. Never have the stakes been so high. History is replete with putative leaders who create walls that separate people in ways that inevitably leads to dehumanization, suffering and eventually violence. Timely and openly shared psychosocial insights by experts in mental health into the evil consequences of "wall builders" are essential to the physical, mental and spiritual health of individuals and nations...
February 1, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359284/-change-of-symptom-severity-and-functioning-according-to-icf-in-the-in-patient-psychosomatic-rehabilitation
#8
Carina Braunger, Gottfried Müller, Jörn von Wietersheim, Jörg Oster
BACKGROUND: In this naturalistic study the changes of patients of an in-patient psychosomatic rehabilitation with regard to functioning and to symptom severity were examined. METHODS: Self-evaluations of patients concerning their functioning (ICF AT-50 Psych) and their symptom severity (GSI) were elevated at 3 measurement periods: on admission (n=419), on discharge (n=354) and 6 months after discharge (n=297). RESULTS: Functioning as well as symptom severity improved from t1 to t2...
January 22, 2018: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347919/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-on-schistosomiasis-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review
#9
Hlengiwe Sacolo, Moses Chimbari, Chester Kalinda
BACKGROUND: Schistosomiasis remains a global health problem with an estimated 250 million people in 78 countries infected, of whom 85% live in Sub-Saharan Africa. Preventive chemotherapy remains the key public health strategy to combat schistosomiasis worldwide. Recently the WHO emphasized on the use of integrative approaches in the control and elimination of schistosomiasis. However, a detailed understanding of sociocultural factors that may influence the uptake of the intended health activities and services is vital...
January 18, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324932/the-neurophysiological-and-evolutionary-considerations-of-close-combat-a-modular-approach
#10
Kostas Dervenis, Evangelos Tsialogiannis
Close Combat may be identified as a physical confrontation involving armed or unarmed fighting, lethal and/or non-lethal methods, or even simply escape from and/or de-escalation of the confrontation. Our model hypothesizes that distinct areas of the brain are utilized for specific levels of violence, based on evolutionary criteria, and that these levels of violence bring into effect distinct physiological criteria and kinesiology. This model is outlined similar to Paul D. MacLean's triune brain theory, but incorporates distinct processes inherent to the autonomic nervous system (i...
September 2017: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315070/-orthodontic-and-orthognathic-protocoles-systematization-of-the-consultation-of-announcement-and-contribution-of-integrative-medicine
#11
Emmanuel Racy, Elvire Le Norcy
INTRODUCTION: The consultation of announcement is one of the key periods in an orthodontic and surgical process. The aim of this consultation is not only to make an aesthetic and orthodontic diagnosis but also a fine psychological analysis of the patient and his family before proposing a treatment plan. Integrative medical therapies, a recent evolution of medicine within the framework of the doctor-patient relation, have shown the positive impact on the treatment success of a good relationship...
December 2017: L' Orthodontie Française
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314029/c-g-jung-and-intuition-from-the-mindscape-of-the-paranormal-to-the-heart-of-psychology
#12
Nathalie Pilard
Intuition is central in the work, practice, and philosophical legacy of C. G. Jung. In this paper, I will first discuss the importance of intuition for Jung in the paradigm usually designated the 'paranormal'. Jung was attracted to intuition as an extra-ordinary gift or function in the traditional sense, and this is considered here in relation to his 1896-1899 Zofingia Lectures and 1902 On the Psychology and Pathology of So-called Occult Phenomena: A Psychiatric Study. A significant development then occurred in 1913, when esotericist intuitions were turned toward psychological use with Jung's Red Book...
February 2018: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314027/the-analyst-s-rorschach-gateway-to-opening-the-dialectical-field
#13
William Alexy
The author offers an account of his evolving relationship with the Rorschach test which for over 20 years as a private practice psychologist, he used in his clinical practice with the intent of mining patients' psyches for useful information about personality organization and functioning. Coinciding with having found himself on the homestretch of analytic training and during a time when he desired clarity on how Rorschach assessment and Jungian analysis could fruitfully merge, there was an unexpected shift in emphasis wherein the Rorschach suddenly became a method for looking at himself as well...
February 2018: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295638/postural-asymmetry-in-non-ambulant-adults-with-cerebral-palsy-a-scoping-review
#14
Carlee Holmes, Kim Brock, Prue Morgan
PURPOSE: Non-ambulant adults with cerebral palsy are vulnerable to development of postural asymmetry and associated complications. The primary aim of this scoping review was to identify postural deformities in non-ambulant adults with cerebral palsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Comprehensive searches were undertaken in EMBASE, CINAHL, AMED, Cochrane, Psych INFO, and Joanna Briggs (1986-Jan 2017), supplemented by hand searching. Two reviewers independently extracted data using a customised tool focusing on study design, participant characteristics, postural descriptors, measurement tools, and interventions...
January 2, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282641/the-efficacy-of-cognitive-intervention-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-mci-a-meta-analysis-of-outcomes-on-neuropsychological-measures
#15
REVIEW
Dale S Sherman, Justin Mauser, Miriam Nuno, Dean Sherzai
Cognitive training in MCI may stimulate pre-existing neural reserves or recruit neural circuitry as "compensatory scaffolding" prompting neuroplastic reorganization to meet task demands (Reuter-Lorenz & Park, 2014). However, existing systematic reviews and meta-analytic studies exploring the benefits of cognitive interventions in MCI have been mixed. An updated examination regarding the efficacy of cognitive intervention in MCI is needed given improvements in adherence to MCI diagnostic criteria in subject selection, better defined interventions and strategies applied, increased use of neuropsychological measures pre- and post-intervention, as well as identification of moderator variables which may influence treatment...
December 27, 2017: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248998/measuring-what-matters-most-validation-of-the-measure-of-ovarian-symptoms-and-treatment-a-patient-reported-outcome-measure-of-symptom-burden-and-impact-of-chemotherapy-in-recurrent-ovarian-cancer
#16
Madeleine T King, Martin R Stockler, Rachel L O'Connell, Luke Buizen, Florence Joly, Anne Lanceley, Felix Hilpert, Aikou Okamoto, Eriko Aotani, Jane Bryce, Paul Donnellan, Amit Oza, Elisabeth Avall-Lundqvist, Jonathan S Berek, Jalid Sehouli, Amanda Feeney, Dominique Berton-Rigaud, Daniel S J Costa, Michael L Friedlander
PURPOSE: Gynecologic Cancer Intergroup Symptom Benefit Study (GCIG-SBS) Stage 2 aimed to review, revise, and validate a patient-reported outcome measure (PROM), the Measure of Ovarian Symptoms and Treatment concerns (MOST), developed in GCIG-SBS Stage 1 (MOSTv1, 35 items), and document recurrent ovarian cancer (ROC) symptom burden and benefit. METHODS: GCIG-SBS Stage 2 recruited patients with platinum-resistant/refractory ROC (PRR-ROC) or potentially platinum-sensitive ROC with ≥ 3 lines of prior chemotherapy (PPS-ROC ≥ 3)...
December 16, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247627/evaluation-of-cognitive-behavioral-interventions-and-psychoeducation-implemented-by-rehabilitation-specialists-to-treat-fear-avoidance-beliefs-in-patients-with-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Shelby Baez, Matthew C Hoch, Johanna M Hoch
OBJECTIVE: To systematically locate, critically appraise, and synthesize the available evidence regarding the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapies (CBT) and psychoeducation that can be implemented by rehabilitation specialists to treat fear-avoidance beliefs in patients with acute, sub-acute, and chronic low back pain. DATA SOURCES: Electronic databases (CINAHL, PUBMED, PSYCHOLOGY AND BEHAVIOR SCIENCES COLLECTION, SPORTDISCUS, and PSYCH INFO) were searched from inception to September 2017...
December 13, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236337/homonuclear-decoupling-in-the-13-c-indirect-dimension-of-hsqc-experiments-for-13-c-enriched-compounds
#18
Marta Brucka, Kirill Sheberstov, Damien Jeannerat
The two most compelling methods for broadband homonuclear decoupling currently available, Zangger-Sterk (ZS) and PSYCHE, were successfully adapted and tested on the 13 C isotope. When applied during the indirect carbon dimension of the HSQC experiment, they both entirely eliminated the extended carbon-carbon multiplet structures observed in this dimension of a non-decoupled HSQC spectrum of 13 C-enriched cholesterol. The optimized selective pulse modulated using novel non-equidistant scheme for multi-site refocusing (ZS) and the small flip angle saltire chirps (PSYCHE) both proved to be robust and efficient in providing decoupled spectra with a sensitivity of about 25% that of the non-decoupled HSQC spectra with improved quality compared to earlier results...
December 13, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Chemistry: MRC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156388/the-relationship-of-parental-expressed-emotion-to-co-occurring-psychopathology-in-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Marina Romero-Gonzalez, Susie Chandler, Emily Simonoff
Expressed emotion is a construct of the affective relationship between two people, with domains measuring criticism, hostility, warmth, relationship and emotional over-involvement. This review focuses on studies of Expressed Emotion in families of individuals with autism spectrum disorder and its association with co-occurring psychiatric disorders. A systematic search used the Psych-Info and Medline databases to identify articles available at or before September 2016. Eleven studies met the inclusion criteria...
November 17, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155225/a-systematic-review-of-the-long-term-effectiveness-of-work-based-lifestyle-interventions-to-tackle-overweight-and-obesity
#20
REVIEW
Greta Tam, May P S Yeung
Obesity is one of the five leading global risks for mortality, accounting for 5% of deaths worldwide. Workplace health promotion programs have the potential to deliver population-level interventions combining physical activity and exercise. However, there is no recent critical review of trials on long-term effectiveness of multicomponent lifestyle interventions in the workplace targeting obesity. Good quality evidence is needed to develop optimal strategies to tackle adult obesity. 1035 studies were retrieved by literature search in MEDLINE, Embase, PSYCH INFO and Cochrane library from 2005 to September 2016...
November 16, 2017: Preventive Medicine
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