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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447327/-unknown-title
#1
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BACKGROUND: The lack of nasal tip support resulting in poor protection and projection of the nose is a common cause of nasal obstruction and cosmetic impairment. Although septal cartilage is preferred for restoration of nasal tip support, there is often not enough septal cartilage available. We describe an intercrural columellar strut graft in a circumferential soft tissue pocket: the I-Beam technique. METHODOLOGY: In this cohort study over an 8-year period the clinical and biometrical long-term results after restoration of nasal tip support with an autologous auricular cartilage graft, the I-Beam technique, is evaluated...
February 15, 2018: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447325/-unknown-title
#2
E Novoa, D Simmen, H R Briner, C Schlegel
BACKGROUND: The lack of nasal tip support resulting in poor protection and projection of the nose is a common cause of nasal obstruction and cosmetic impairment. Although septal cartilage is preferred for restoration of nasal tip support, there is often not enough septal cartilage available. We describe an intercrural columellar strut graft in a circumferential soft tissue pocket: the I-Beam technique. METHODOLOGY: In this cohort study over an 8-year period the clinical and biometrical long-term results after restoration of nasal tip support with an autologous auricular cartilage graft, the I-Beam technique, is evaluated...
February 15, 2018: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447247/differences-between-fellow-eyes-of-acute-and-chronic-primary-angle-closure-glaucoma-an-ultrasound-biomicroscopy-quantitative-study
#3
Mengwei Li, Yuhong Chen, Xiaoxiao Chen, Wenqing Zhu, Xueli Chen, Xiaolei Wang, Yuan Fang, Xiangmei Kong, Yi Dai, Junyi Chen, Xinghuai Sun
PURPOSE: To compare various biometric parameters between fellow eyes of acute primary angle closure (glaucoma) [APAC(G)] and fellow eyes of chronic primary angle closure (glaucoma) [CPAC(G)]. METHODS: Ultrasound biomicroscopy examinations were performed on 47 patients with unilateral APAC(G) and 41 patients with asymmetric CPAC(G) before laser peripheral iridotomy and pilocarpine treatment. Anterior chamber depth and width (ACD and ACW), lens vault (LV), iris curvature (IC), iris root distance (IRD), trabecular-ciliary process distance (TCPD), iris-ciliary process distance (ICPD), trabecular-ciliary angle (TCA), and other biometric parameters were compared between fellow eyes of APAC(G) and fellow eyes of CAPC(G)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445311/fetal-growth-restriction-in-rural-bangladesh-a-prospective-study
#4
Farzana Ferdous, Md Harunor Rashid, Enbo Ma, Rubhana Raqib, Hiromi Hamada, Yukiko Wagatsuma
Background: Fetal growth restriction (FGR) and low birth weight(LBW) are serious public health problems. In developing countries, the incidence of low birth weight is predominantly the result of FGR, and both low birth weight and FGR are associated with neonatal death and later growth and development. Fetal growth charts are important for assessing the size of the fetus during pregnancy. The aims of this study were to describe the fetal growth pattern of a population in rural Bangladesh where maternal undernutrition is prevalent and to compare the timing of FGR in that population with WHO and INTERGROWTH- 21st international reference values...
2018: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434055/assessing-metabolic-rate-and-indoor-air-quality-with-passive-environmental-sensors
#5
Iván Ruiz, Mark Sprowls, Yue Deng, Doina Kulick, Hugo Destaillats, Erica S Forzani
The present work introduces the use of environmental sensors to assess indoor air quality (IAQ) in combination with human biometrics. The sensor array included temperature, relative humidity, carbon dioxide, and noise sensors. The array was used in a classroom as well as in a vehicle cabin to assess the indoor air quality and carbon dioxide production rate of individuals in a closed ventilation environment. Analysis of carbon dioxide production allowed for the quantification of the average metabolic rate of the group of individuals in the classroom, and for one individual in the vehicle cabin...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Breath Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434012/reducing-sedentary-time-for-obese-older-adults-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Dori E Rosenberg, Amy K Lee, Melissa Anderson, Anne Renz, Theresa E Matson, Jacqueline Kerr, David Arterburn, Jennifer B McClure
BACKGROUND: Older adults have high rates of obesity and are prone to chronic health conditions. These conditions are in part due to high rates of sedentary time (ST). As such, reducing ST could be an innovative strategy for improving health outcomes among obese older adults. To test this theory, we developed a novel, technology-enhanced intervention to reduce sitting time (I-STAND) and pilot tested it to assess the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary effects of the intervention on ST and biometric outcomes...
February 12, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424384/hematological-and-biometric-traits-of-tuvira-gymnotus-inaequilabiatus-valenciennes-1839-gymnotiformes-gymnotidae-from-the-brazilian-pantanal
#7
Robson A Rodrigues, Eduarda S Silva, Sandriely F Marcondes, Gizela M Galindo, Gustavo G DE Oliveira, Alda I DE Souza, José Ragusa-Netto, Carlos E Fernandes
This study describes the hematological and biometric characteristics of male and female Gymnotus species from the Pantanal, Mato Grosso do Sul state, Brazil. Fifty adult specimens of Gymnotus inaequilabiatus were weighed, measured, and then euthanized. Blood was collected by puncturing the celiac mesenteric vein to determine the hematocrit, hemoglobin content, number of erythrocytes, mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration, glucose level, absolute value of leukocytes, and relative value of leukocytes and thrombocytes...
February 1, 2018: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422212/diagnosis-and-surveillance-of-late-onset-fetal-growth-restriction
#8
REVIEW
Francesc Figueras, Javier Caradeux, Fatima Crispi, Elisenda Eixarch, Anna Peguero, Eduard Gratacos
By consensus, late fetal growth restriction is that diagnosed >32 weeks. This condition is mildly associated with a higher risk of perinatal hypoxic events and suboptimal neurodevelopment. Histologically, it is characterized by the presence of uteroplacental vascular lesions (especially infarcts), although the incidence of such lesions is lower than in preterm fetal growth restriction. Screening procedures for fetal growth restriction need to identify small babies and then differentiate between those who are healthy and those who are pathologically small...
February 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417495/effectiveness-and-safety-of-a-novel-care-model-for-the-management-of-type-2-diabetes-at-1%C3%A2-year-an-open-label-non-randomized-controlled-study
#9
Sarah J Hallberg, Amy L McKenzie, Paul T Williams, Nasir H Bhanpuri, Anne L Peters, Wayne W Campbell, Tamara L Hazbun, Brittanie M Volk, James P McCarter, Stephen D Phinney, Jeff S Volek
INTRODUCTION: Carbohydrate restriction markedly improves glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) but necessitates prompt medication changes. Therefore, we assessed the effectiveness and safety of a novel care model providing continuous remote care with medication management based on biometric feedback combined with the metabolic approach of nutritional ketosis for T2D management. METHODS: We conducted an open-label, non-randomized, controlled, before-and-after 1-year study of this continuous care intervention (CCI) and usual care (UC)...
February 7, 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415632/the-demographic-impact-and-development-benefits-of-meeting-demand-for-family-planning-with-modern-contraceptive-methods
#10
Daniel Goodkind, Lisa Lollock, Yoonjoung Choi, Thomas McDevitt, Loraine West
BACKGROUND: Meeting demand for family planning can facilitate progress towards all major themes of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): people, planet, prosperity, peace, and partnership. Many policymakers have embraced a benchmark goal that at least 75% of the demand for family planning in all countries be satisfied with modern contraceptive methods by the year 2030. OBJECTIVE: This study examines the demographic impact (and development implications) of achieving the 75% benchmark in 13 developing countries that are expected to be the furthest from achieving that benchmark...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409196/postoperative-ct-scan-3d-reconstruction-of-the-calcaneus-following-lateral-calcaneal-lengthening-osteotomy-for-flatfoot-deformity-in-children-is-the-surgical-procedure-potentially-associated-with-subtalar-joint-damage
#11
Federico Canavese, Alain Dimeglio, François Bonnel
BACKGROUND: Several anatomical studies have shown that the articular facets of the calcaneus can present with different anatomy. This study assessed the 3D anatomy of lateral calcaneal lengthening (LCL) osteotomy in relation to the anterior and middle facet of the calcaneus in a group of skeletally immature patients treated for symptomatic flatfoot deformity. METHODS: During the study period, 14 consecutive patients (10 males, 4 females) presenting symptomatic flatfoot (20 feet) with different aetiologies underwent LCL osteotomy and CT scan with 3D reconstruction of the operated feet...
June 3, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404933/learning-efficient-spatial-temporal-gait-features-with-deep-learning-for-human-identification
#12
Wu Liu, Cheng Zhang, Huadong Ma, Shuangqun Li
The integration of the latest breakthroughs in bioinformatics technology from one side and artificial intelligence from another side, enables remarkable advances in the fields of intelligent security guard computational biology, healthcare, and so on. Among them, biometrics based automatic human identification is one of the most fundamental and significant research topic. Human gait, which is a biometric features with the unique capability, has gained significant attentions as the remarkable characteristics of remote accessed, robust and security in the biometrics based human identification...
February 6, 2018: Neuroinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403183/periorbital-biometric-measurements-using-imagej-software-standardisation-of-technique-and-assessment-of-intra-and-interobserver-variability
#13
R Rajyalakshmi, Winston D Prakash, Mohammad Javed Ali, Milind N Naik
Purpose: To assess the reliability and repeatability of periorbital biometric measurements using ImageJ software and to assess if the horizontal visible iris diameter (HVID) serves as a reliable scale for facial measurements. Methods: This study was a prospective, single-blind, comparative study. Two clinicians performed 12 periorbital measurements on 100 standardised face photographs. Each individual's HVID was determined by Orbscan IIz and used as a scale for measurements using ImageJ software...
July 2017: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392397/efficiency-and-measurements-agreement-between-swept-source-oct-and-low-coherence-interferometry-biometry-systems
#14
Jorge A Calvo-Sanz, Alejandro Portero-Benito, Alfonso Arias-Puente
PURPOSE: To compare and evaluate the agreement between the measurements obtained with a swept-source optical coherence tomography (OCT)-based biometer, the IOLMaster® 700 (IOLM), and those obtained by an optical biometer based on optical low-coherence interferometry (OLCI), the Aladdin (ALD); To evaluate the ability to perform biometric measurements in those eyes with transparency alterations. METHODS: Fifty-five eyes of 55 subjects were included in this study...
February 1, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391575/the-effect-of-the-timing-of-the-cessation-of-contact-lens-use-on-the-results-of-biometry
#15
Colin Goudie, Andrew Tatham, Rhys Davies, Alison Sifton, Mark Wright
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines vary regarding when to remove contact lenses prior to performing biometry, and there is no clear evidence behind these guidelines. This study aimed to determine the effect of soft contact lens wear on biometric measurements by examining the change in predicted lens power for emmetropia at several time points following removal of soft contact lenses. METHODS: A prospective, controlled study of healthy soft contact lens wearers. Biometry was performed immediately after removing contact lenses and then after 2, 4 and 7 days of no contact lens use...
February 2, 2018: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384564/mitomycin-c-in-filtering-surgery-for-primary-congenital-glaucoma-a-comparison-of-exposure-durations
#16
Nader H Bayoumi
PURPOSE: To compare the effect of two exposure durations of mitomycin C in combined angle and filtering surgery for primary congenital glaucoma. METHODS: This was a prospective study conducted in the Department of Ophthalmology at Alexandria Main University Hospital, Alexandria, Egypt, on 75 eyes with primary congenital glaucoma that underwent combined trabeculotomy-trabeculectomy with intraoperative mitomycin C application for 1 minute (MMC 1) or 2 minutes (MMC 2) and were followed up for 24 months...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382064/human-identification-by-cross-correlation-and-pattern-matching-of-personalized-heartbeat-influence-of-ecg-leads-and-reference-database-size
#17
Irena Jekova, Vessela Krasteva, Ramun Schmid
Human identification (ID) is a biometric task, comparing single input sample to many stored templates to identify an individual in a reference database. This paper aims to present the perspectives of personalized heartbeat pattern for reliable ECG-based identification. The investigations are using a database with 460 pairs of 12-lead resting electrocardiograms (ECG) with 10-s durations recorded at time-instants T1 and T2 > T1 + 1 year. Intra-subject long-term ECG stability and inter-subject variability of personalized PQRST (500 ms) and QRS (100 ms) patterns is quantified via cross-correlation, amplitude ratio and pattern matching between T1 and T2 using 7 features × 12-leads...
January 27, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376885/application-of-a-brain-computer-interface-for-person-authentication-using-eeg-responses-to-photo-stimuli
#18
Zhendong Mu, Jinhai Yin, Jianfeng Hu
In this paper, a person authentication system that can effectively identify individuals by generating unique electroencephalogram signal features in response to self-face and non-self-face photos is presented. In order to achieve a good stability performance, the sequence of self-face photo including first-occurrence position and non-first-occurrence position are taken into account in the serial occurrence of visual stimuli. In addition, a Fisher linear classification method and event-related potential technique for feature analysis is adapted to yield remarkably better outcomes than that by most of the existing methods in the field...
2018: Journal of Integrative Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376230/anterior-segment-changes-during-accommodation-in-accommodative-esotropia
#19
Mustafa Koç, Hakan Halit Yaşar, Mehmet Murat Uzel, Salih Çolak, Irfan Durukan, Pelin Yılmazbaş
PURPOSE: To evaluate the anterior segment biometric parameters of non-accommodative and accommodative refractive accommodative esotropia (RAE). METHODS: Eighty-one eyes of 81 patients were included in this prospective, case-control study. The patients were divided into three groups as follows: the RAE group (n = 31), the hypermetropia group (n = 25), and the emmetropia group (n = 25). Measurements were obtained in the non-accommodative (0.0 diopters) and accommodative status (-5...
January 25, 2018: Korean Journal of Ophthalmology: KJO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373604/excessive-scleral-shrinkage-rather-than-choroidal-thickening-is-a-major-contributor-to-the-development-of-hypotony-maculopathy-after-trabeculectomy
#20
Mari Sakamoto, Yoshiko Matsumoto, Sotaro Mori, Kaori Ueda, Yukako Inoue, Takuji Kurimoto, Akiyasu Kanamori, Yuko Yamada, Makoto Nakamura
PURPOSE: We previously reported that eyes with hypotony maculopathy (HM) after trabeculectomy (TLE) exhibited more reduction of axial length (AL) than those without HM, suggesting that inward collapse of the scleral wall may contribute to the development of HM after TLE. However, we did not evaluate change in choroidal thickness (CT), which could influence AL measures. We compared the magnitude and rate of AL and CT changes in eyes with and without HM by simultaneously measuring these parameters before and after TLE...
2018: PloS One
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