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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679193/etiology-of-stability-and-growth-of-internalizing-and-externalizing-behavior-problems-across-childhood-and-adolescence
#1
Alexander S Hatoum, Soo Hyun Rhee, Robin P Corley, John K Hewitt, Naomi P Friedman
Internalizing and externalizing behaviors are heritable, and show genetic stability during childhood and adolescence. Less work has explored how genes influence individual differences in developmental trajectories. We estimated ACE biometrical latent growth curve models for the Teacher Report Form (TRF) and parent Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) internalizing and externalizing scales from ages 7 to 16 years in 408 twin pairs from the Colorado Longitudinal Twin Study. We found that Intercept factors were highly heritable for both internalizing and externalizing behaviors (a2 = ...
April 20, 2018: Behavior Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679179/isolation-and-characterization-of-phosphofungi-and-screening-of-their-plant-growth-promoting-activities
#2
Xiaohui Wang, Changdong Wang, Junkang Sui, Zhaoyang Liu, Qian Li, Chao Ji, Xin Song, Yurong Hu, Changqian Wang, Rongbo Sa, Jiamiao Zhang, Jianfeng Du, Xunli Liu
Rhizospheric microorganisms can increase phosphorus availability in the soil. In this regard, the ability of phosphofungi to dissolve insoluble phosphorus compounds is greater than that of phosphate-solubilizing bacteria. The aim of the current study was to identify efficient phosphofungi that could be developed as commercial microbial agents. Among several phosphate-solubilizing fungal isolates screened, strain CS-1 showed the highest phosphorus-solubilization ability. Based on phylogenetic analysis of the internal transcribed spacer region sequence, it was identified as Aspergillus niger...
April 20, 2018: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678600/when-a-new-technological-product-launching-fails-a-multi-method-approach-of-facial-recognition-and-e-wom-sentiment-analysis
#3
Dra Asunción Hernández-Fernández, Elísabet Mora, Dña María Isabel Vizcaíno Hernández
The dual aim of this research is, firstly, to analyze the physiological and unconscious emotional response of consumers to a new technological product and, secondly, link this emotional response to consumer conscious verbal reports of positive and negative product perceptions. In order to do this, biometrics and self-reported measures of emotional response are combined. On the one hand, a neuromarketing experiment based on the facial recognition of emotions of 10 subjects, when physical attributes and economic information of a technological product are exposed, shows the prevalence of the ambivalent emotion of surprise...
April 17, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677587/effects-of-chronic-exposure-to-cadmium-and-temperature-alone-or-combined-on-the-threespine-stickleback-gasterosteus-aculeatus-interest-of-digestive-enzymes-as-biomarkers
#4
Younes Mohamed Ismail Hani, Cyril Turies, Olivier Palluel, Laurence Delahaut, Véronique Gaillet, Anne Bado-Nilles, Jean-Marc Porcher, Alain Geffard, Odile Dedourge-Geffard
The development of predictive, sensitive and reliable biomarkers is of crucial importance for aquatic biomonitoring to assess the effects of chemical substances on aquatic organisms, especially when it comes to combined effects with other stressors (e.g. temperature). The first purpose of the present study was to evaluate the single and combined effects of 90 days of exposure to an environmental cadmium concentration (0.5 μg L-1 ) and two water temperatures (16 and 21 °C) on different parameters. These parameters are involved in (i) the antioxidant system (superoxide dismutase activity -SOD- and total glutathione levels -GSH-), (ii) the energy metabolism, i...
April 12, 2018: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675474/brain-tumor-characterization-using-multibiometric-evaluation-of-mri
#5
Faris Durmo, Jimmy Lätt, Anna Rydelius, Silke Engelholm, Sara Kinhult, Krister Askaner, Elisabet Englund, Johan Bengzon, Markus Nilsson, Isabella M Björkman-Burtscher, Thomas Chenevert, Linda Knutsson, Pia C Sundgren
The aim was to evaluate volume, diffusion, and perfusion metrics for better presurgical differentiation between high-grade gliomas (HGG), low-grade gliomas (LGG), and metastases (MET). For this retrospective study, 43 patients with histologically verified intracranial HGG (n = 18), LGG (n = 10), and MET (n = 15) were chosen. Preoperative magnetic resonance data included pre- and post-gadolinium contrast-enhanced T1-weighted fluid-attenuated inversion recover, cerebral blood flow (CBF), cerebral blood volume (CBV), fractional anisotropy, and apparent diffusion coefficient maps used for quantification of magnetic resonance biometrics by manual delineation of regions of interest...
March 2018: Tomography: a Journal for Imaging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674784/bat-wing-biometrics-using-collagen-elastin-bundles-in-bat-wings-as-a-unique-individual-identifier
#6
Sybill K Amelon, Sarah E Hooper, Kathryn M Womack
The ability to recognize individuals within an animal population is fundamental to conservation and management. Identification of individual bats has relied on artificial marking techniques that may negatively affect the survival and alter the behavior of individuals. Biometric systems use biological characteristics to identify individuals. The field of animal biometrics has expanded to include recognition of individuals based upon various morphologies and phenotypic variations including pelage patterns, tail flukes, and whisker arrangement...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Mammalogy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672632/correction-biometrics-accessibility-challenge-or-opportunity
#7
Ramon Blanco-Gonzalo, Chiara Lunerti, Raul Sanchez-Reillo, Richard Guest
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0194111.].
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670830/improved-high-frequency-ultrasound-corneal-biometric-accuracy-by-micrometer-resolution-acoustic-property-maps-of-the-cornea
#8
Daniel Rohrbach, Ronald H Silverman, Dan Chun, Harriet O Lloyd, Raksha Urs, Jonathan Mamou
Purpose: Mapping of epithelial thickness (ET) is useful for detection of keratoconus, a disease characterized by corneal thinning and bulging in which epithelial thinning occurs over the apex. In prior clinical studies, optical coherence tomography (OCT) measurements of ET were systematically thinner than those obtained by 40-MHz high-frequency ultrasound (HFU) where a constant speed of sound ( c ) of 1636 m/s was used for all corneal layers. The purpose of this work was to study the acoustic properties, that is, c , acoustic impedance ( Z ), and attenuation ( α ) of the corneal epithelium and stroma independently using a scanning acoustic microscope (SAM) to investigate the discrepancy between OCT and HFU estimates of ET...
April 2018: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670564/biometric-and-emotion-identification-an-ecg-compression-based-method
#9
Susana Brás, Jacqueline H T Ferreira, Sandra C Soares, Armando J Pinho
We present an innovative and robust solution to both biometric and emotion identification using the electrocardiogram (ECG). The ECG represents the electrical signal that comes from the contraction of the heart muscles, indirectly representing the flow of blood inside the heart, it is known to convey a key that allows biometric identification. Moreover, due to its relationship with the nervous system, it also varies as a function of the emotional state. The use of information-theoretic data models, associated with data compression algorithms, allowed to effectively compare ECG records and infer the person identity, as well as emotional state at the time of data collection...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665792/ocular-biometric-characteristics-of-cataract-patients-in-western-china
#10
Qing Huang, Yongzhi Huang, Qu Luo, Wei Fan
BACKGROUND: We aimed to measure ocular biometric characteristics in older cataract patients from western China. METHODS: Ocular biometry records were retrospectively analyzed for 6933 patients with cataracts (6933 eyes) at least 50 years old who were treated at West China Hospital of Sichuan University. RESULTS: Partial coherence laser interferometry gave the following population averages: axial length (AL), 24.32 ± 2.42 mm; anterior chamber depth (ACD), 3...
April 17, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663613/distribution-and-progression-of-add-power-among-people-in-need-of-near-correction
#11
Xiaotong Han, Pei Ying Lee, Chi Liu, Mingguang He
IMPORTANCE: This study helps to better understand the need and trend in presbyopic add power in the aging society. BACKGROUND: Distribution and progression of presbyopic add power in East Asian population is largely unknown. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: 303 participants from a population-based study of residents aged 35 years and older in Guangzhou, China. METHODS: Visual acuity (VA) test and non-cycloplegic automated refraction were performed at baseline in 2008 and the 6-year follow-up per standardized protocol...
April 16, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661255/serotonergic-gene-polymorphisms-5-httlpr-5htr1a-5htr2a-and-population-differences-in-aggression-traditional-hadza-and-datoga-and-industrial-russians-populations-compared
#12
Marina L Butovskaya, Polina R Butovskaya, Vasiliy A Vasilyev, Jane M Sukhodolskaya, Dania I Fekhredtinova, Dmitri V Karelin, Julia N Fedenok, Audax Z P Mabulla, Alexey P Ryskov, Oleg E Lazebny
BACKGROUND: Current knowledge on genetic basis of aggressive behavior is still contradictory. This may be due to the fact that the majority of studies targeting associations between candidate genes and aggression are conducted on industrial societies and mainly dealing with various types of psychopathology and disorders. Because of that, our study was carried on healthy adult individuals of both sex (n = 853). METHODS: Three populations were examined: two traditional (Hadza and Datoga) and one industrial (Russians), and the association of aggression with the following polymorphisms 5-HTTLPR, rs6295 (5HTR1A gene), and rs6311 (5HTR2A gene) were tested...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Physiological Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659828/the-next-generation-of-precision-medicine-observational-studies-electronic-health-records-biobanks-and-continuous-monitoring
#13
Benjamin S Glicksberg, Kipp W Johnson, Joel T Dudley
Precision medicine can utilize new techniques in order to more effectively translate research findings into clinical practice. In this article, we first explore the limitations of traditional study designs, which stem from (to name a few): massive cost for the assembly of large patient cohorts; non-representative patient data; and the astounding complexity of human biology. Second, we propose that harnessing electronic health records and mobile device biometrics coupled to longitudinal data may prove to be a solution to many of these problems by capturing a "real world" phenotype...
April 12, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658799/the-validity-and-reliability-of-the-adl-glittre-test-for-children
#14
Renata Martins, Maíra S de Assumpção, Tatiana G Bobbio, Anamaria F Mayer, Camila Schivinski
OBJECTIVE: The ADL-Glittre was created to assess more comprehensively the essential activities of daily living in adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The aim of this study was to validate the ADL-Glittre test adapted for children (TGlittre-P) and verify its reliability. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study with 87 healthy children aged 6 to 14 years (mean 10.36 ± 2.32 years). Biometric and spirometry data were collected from all participants...
April 16, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657974/monocular-and-binocular-visual-impairment-in-the-uk-biobank-study-prevalence-associations-and-diagnoses
#15
Martin McKibbin, Tracey M Farragher, Darren Shickle
Objective: To determine the prevalence of, associations with and diagnoses leading to mild visual impairment or worse (logMAR >0.3) in middle-aged adults in the UK Biobank study. Methods and analysis: Prevalence estimates for monocular and binocular visual impairment were determined for the UK Biobank participants with fundus photographs and spectral domain optical coherence tomography images. Associations with socioeconomic, biometric, lifestyle and medical variables were investigated for cases with visual impairment and matched controls, using multinomial logistic regression models...
2018: BMJ Open Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655380/cryoprotectant-agents-and-cooling-effect-on-embryos-of-macrobrachium-amazonicum
#16
Caroline Costa Lucas, Luana Rolim Melo, Míriam Luzia Nogueira Martins de Sousa, Glayciane Bezerra de Morais, Moisés Fernandes Martins, Francisco Antônio Félix Xavier, Janaina Serra Azul Monteiro Evangelista, Célia Maria de Souza Sampaio
SummaryThere are few reports of cryopreservation and injuries in Macrobrachium amazonicum embryos. Thus, the aim of this study was to analyze the effects of cryoprotectants agents and cooling on stage VIII of this species. Fertilized eggs from ovigerous females were removed from the incubation chamber, then placed in 10 ml Falcon tubes with a cryoprotectant solution and saline-free calcium solution. Thus, the embryos underwent a cooling curve of 1°C per min until reaching 5°C, and then were stored for 2 h...
April 15, 2018: Zygote: the Biology of Gametes and Early Embryos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652617/heart-checks-in-college-age-students-link-poor-sleep-to-cardiovascular-risk
#17
Kate Gawlik, Bernadette Mazurek Melnyk, Alai Tan, Megan Amaya
OBJECTIVE: To describe the relationships between the cardiovascular health, lifestyle behaviors, and lifestyle beliefs among college-age students. PARTICIPANTS: 729 college-aged students participated between October 2016 and April 2017. METHODS: Heart Checks, consisting of a cross-sectional survey and biometric screening, were conducted on a large Midwestern university campus. RESULTS: A small proportion of students (24...
April 13, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651732/maternal-cadmium-levels-during-pregnancy-and-the-relationship-with-preeclampsia-and-fetal-biometric-parameters
#18
Fan Wang, Fengyun Fan, Lianyun Wang, Wen Ye, Qiong Zhang, Shuangshuang Xie
Preeclampsia, which is caused by multiple factors, still remains one of the most serious complications of pregnancy. This study was designed to determine cadmium levels in women with preeclampsia compared to those of normotensive women. In this case-control study, maternal blood, umbilical cord blood, and placental cadmium levels were measured by an inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry system in 51 women presenting consecutively with preeclampsia and 51 normotensive pregnant women. Groups were matched for maternal age, parity, and gestational age...
April 12, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628016/general-and-disease-specific-pain-trajectories-as-predictors-of-social-and-political-outcomes-in-arthritis-and-cancer
#19
Richard J E James, David A Walsh, Eamonn Ferguson
BACKGROUND: While the heterogeniety of pain progression has been studied in chronic diseases, the extent to which patterns of pain progression among people in general as well as across different diseases affect social, civic and political engagement is unclear. We explore these issues for the first time. METHODS: Using data from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing, latent class growth models were used to estimate trajectories of self-reported pain in the entire cohort, and within subsamples reporting diagnoses of arthritis and cancer...
April 9, 2018: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626983/hematopoietic-changes-in-the-offspring-induced-by-maternal-overweight-effect-on-placenta-and-fetal-liver-populations
#20
Luana Leirós, Juliana Barbosa Torreão Dáu, Daphne Pinheiro, Ana Carolina Stumbo Machado, Alessandra Alves Thole, Erika Afonso Costa Cortez, Laís de Carvalho, Simone Nunes de Carvalho
INTRODUCTION: Bone marrow cells (BMC) from obese adult mice display an increased apoptosis rate over proliferation. Hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) form all blood cells and are important BMC used in cell therapy. Because it is known that prenatal development can be affected by adverse metabolic epigenetic programming from the maternal organism, this work aimed to investigate the effects of maternal overweight on placenta and fetal liver hematopoietic niches. METHODS: Overweight was induced in female mice by overfeeding during lactation...
April 2018: Placenta
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