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Mastoidectomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208893/comparative-evaluation-of-mastoid-cavity-obliteration-by-vascularised-temporalis-myofascial-flap-and-deep-temporal-fascial-periosteal-flap-in-canal-wall-down-mastoidectomy
#1
Navjot Kaur, Dinesh Kumar Sharma, Jagdeepak Singh
INTRODUCTION: A consensus is emerging amongst otologists that obliteration of the mastoid cavity that results after modified radical mastoidectomy is a sound option to prevent cavity related problems such as otorrhoea, infection, granulation tissue and hearing loss. A variety of techniques have been proposed to perform the obliteration. AIM: The present study aimed to compare the conventional method of mastoid cavity obliteration by vascularised temporalis myofascial flap with deep temporal fascial-periosteal flap in canal wall down mastoidectomy...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192382/endoscopic-management-of-middle-ear-paragangliomas-a-case-series
#2
Daniel E Killeen, Cameron C Wick, Jacob B Hunter, Alejandro Rivas, George B Wanna, João Flávio Nogueira, Joe Walter Kutz, Brandon Isaacson
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy and safety of endoscopic middle ear paraganglioma (glomus tympanicum) resection. STUDY DESIGN: Case series with chart review. SETTING: Multi-institutional tertiary university medical centers. PATIENTS: Adult patients with middle ear paragangliomas treated via a transcanal endoscopic approach from 1/2012 to 11/2015. INTERVENTION: All tumors were initially approached via a transcanal endoscopic technique...
March 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171711/useful-of-temporal-bone-prototype-for-drilling-training%C3%A2-a-prospective-study
#3
C Aussedat, F Venail, Y Nguyen, E Lescanne, M Marx, D Bakhos
OBJECTIVES: Dissection of cadaveric temporal bones (TBs) is considered the gold standard for surgical training in otology. For many reasons, access to the anatomic lab and cadaveric TBs is difficult for some facilities. The aim of this prospective and comparative study was to evaluate the usefulness of a physical TB prototype for drilling training in residency. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Tertiary referral centre. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-four residents were included...
February 7, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145157/robotic-cochlear-implantation-surgical-procedure-and-first-clinical-experience
#4
Marco Caversaccio, Kate Gavaghan, Wilhelm Wimmer, Tom Williamson, Juan Ansò, Georgios Mantokoudis, Nicolas Gerber, Christoph Rathgeb, Arne Feldmann, Franca Wagner, Olivier Scheidegger, Martin Kompis, Christian Weisstanner, Masoud Zoka-Assadi, Kai Roesler, Lukas Anschuetz, Markus Huth, Stefan Weber
CONCLUSION: A system for robotic cochlear implantation (rCI) has been developed and a corresponding surgical workflow has been described. The clinical feasibility was demonstrated through the conduction of a safe and effective rCI procedure. OBJECTIVES: To define a clinical workflow for rCI and demonstrate its feasibility, safety, and effectiveness within a clinical setting. METHOD: A clinical workflow for use of a previously described image guided surgical robot system for rCI was developed...
February 1, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141179/pedicled-temporalis-muscle-flap-stuffing-after-a-lateral-temporal-bone-resection-for-treating-mastoid-osteoradionecrosis
#5
Junming Chen, Feng Lin, Zhen Liu, Youjun Yu, Yuejian Wang
Objective The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of lateral temporal bone resection and pedicled temporalis muscle flap stuffing with external auditory canal closure with those of canal wall down mastoidectomy for the treatment of mastoid osteoradionecrosis. Study Design Prospective nonrandomized case-control clinical study. Setting Department of Otolaryngology of the First People's Hospital of Foshan. Subjects and Methods Seventy-seven postirradiation nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients with mastoid osteoradionecrosis were included...
January 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134643/can-serum-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-be-a-predictive-biomarker-to-help-differentiate-active-chronic-otitis-media-from-inactive-chronic-otitis-media
#6
Hasan Deniz Tansuker, Sinan Eroğlu, Alper Yenigün, Ümit Taşkin, Mehmet Faruk Oktay
OBJECTIVES: The authors' aim was to investigate whether serum neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio might be used as a predictive biomarker to help differentiate active from inactive chronic otitis media (COM). METHODS: Two hundred fifty-nine patients having inactive COM received tympanoplasty without mastoidectomy and were identified as Group 1. On the other hand, 254 patients having active COM received tympanoplasty with mastoidectomy and were identified as Group 2. Routine hemogram tests were performed preoperatively for both the groups...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122100/acute-bacterial-meningitis-caused-by-acute-otitis-media-in-adults-a-series-of-12-patients
#7
Daniel M Kaplan, Ofer Gluck, Mordechai Kraus, Youval Slovik, Hindy Juwad
We conducted a retrospective chart review to characterize the outcomes of 12 patients-9 men and 3 women, aged 21 to 79 years (mean: 49)-who had been treated at our tertiary care center for acute bacterial meningitis caused by acute otitis media (ABMAO). Fever was the most common presenting sign/symptom, observed in 8 patients, followed by otalgia, neck stiffness, headache, and confusion. An opaque and bulging tympanic membrane was observed in 8 patients. Cultures were positive for Streptococcus pneumoniae in the cerebrospinal fluid, ear, and blood in 7, 5, and 3 patients, respectively...
January 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106625/long-term-hearing-results-after-ossiculoplasty
#8
Matthew D Cox, Aaron Trinidade, James Shep Russell, John L Dornhoffer
OBJECTIVES: To determine if the OOPS index is predictive of long-term hearing results after ossiculoplasty. STUDY DESIGN: Case series with retrospective chart review. SETTING: Tertiary care otology practice. PATIENTS: Adult and pediatric patients (3-88 years of age). INTERVENTIONS: Ossiculoplasty with cartilage tympanoplasty, with or without mastoidectomy. OUTCOME MEASURES: Primary outcome measures included short-term hearing results (pure-tone average air-bone gap [PTA-ABG] measured between 60 days and 1 year after surgery), long-term hearing results (PTA-ABG measured ≥5 years after surgery), and the rate of successful ABG closure to ≤20 dB...
January 18, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096229/disseminated-melioidosis-in-the-head-and-neck
#9
Tze Ling Loh, Sergios Latis, Graeme Crossland, Hemi Patel
A 35-year-old man was admitted to an intensive care unit with unilateral facial swelling and septic shock after multiple presentations to the emergency department with non-specific unilateral pain over the parotid area. A CT scan of his neck showed diffuse right-sided facial soft tissue infection, mastoid effusion and temporal lobe cerebritis. The upper lobes of his lungs had cannonball lesions that were suggestive of septic lung metastases. Blood cultures and ear canal swabs were positive for Burkholderia pseudomallei The temporal lobe cerebritis eventually developed into an abscess, necessitating a cortical mastoidectomy, craniectomy and temporal lobectomy...
January 17, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096227/atypical-presentation-of-bezold-s-and-citelli-s-abscesses-with-recollection-following-an-incomplete-postoperative-course-of-antibiotics
#10
Sadik Quoraishi, Jayan George, Amir Farboud, Conor Marnane
Bezold's and Citelli's abscesses are rare complications of otitis media. We present a case of a 44-year-old Eastern European man, with a history of recurrent otitis media, who was admitted to hospital with mastoiditis and initially treated with antibiotics. Despite clinical improvement, a CT scan showed mastoiditis with Bezold's and Citelli's abscesses. The patient underwent a myringotomy and grommet insertion, in addition to a cortical mastoidectomy and curettage of the neck abscesses. After a good recovery, he was discharged home...
January 17, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045591/clinical-practice-guideline-update
#11
Seth R Schwartz, Anthony E Magit, Richard M Rosenfeld, Bopanna B Ballachanda, Jesse M Hackell, Helene J Krouse, Claire M Lawlor, Kenneth Lin, Kourosh Parham, David R Stutz, Sandy Walsh, Erika A Woodson, Ken Yanagisawa, Eugene R Cunningham
Objective This update of the 2008 American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation cerumen impaction clinical practice guideline provides evidence-based recommendations on managing cerumen impaction. Cerumen impaction is defined as an accumulation of cerumen that causes symptoms, prevents assessment of the ear, or both. Changes from the prior guideline include a consumer added to the development group; new evidence (3 guidelines, 5 systematic reviews, and 6 randomized controlled trials); enhanced information on patient education and counseling; a new algorithm to clarify action statement relationships; expanded action statement profiles to explicitly state quality improvement opportunities, confidence in the evidence, intentional vagueness, and differences of opinion; an enhanced external review process to include public comment and journal peer review; and 3 new key action statements on managing cerumen impaction that focus on primary prevention, contraindicated intervention, and referral and coordination of care...
January 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942603/clinical-aspects-and-surgical-outcomes-of-congenital-cholesteatoma-in-93-children-increasing-trends-of-congenital-cholesteatoma-from-1997-through-2012
#12
Hyun Soo Cho, Hak Geon Kim, Da Jung Jung, Jeong Hun Jang, Sang Heun Lee, Kyu-Yup Lee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The recent increase in the reported incidence of congenital cholesteatoma (CC) may be secondary to the widespread use of otoendoscopy as well as an increased awareness of these lesions among primary care physicians. However, little research about CC has been conducted in a large group of patients. This study aimed to analyze the clinical characteristics of CC including the annual number of patients, symptoms, age at diagnosis, stage and type of disease, surgical techniques, recurrence, and postoperative complications...
December 2016: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895000/severe-acute-otitis-media-and-acute-mastoiditis-in-adults
#13
Anu Laulajainen Hongisto, Jussi Jero, Antti Markkola, Riste Saat, Antti A Aarnisalo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare clinical and microbiological findings in adults hospitalized for acute otitis media (AOM) or mastoid infections (acute or latent). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of all adults (≥17 years old) hospitalized (between 2003 and 2012) at a tertiary referral center for acute mastoid infections or AOM not responding to outpatient medical treatment. RESULTS: Of the 160 patients in the study sample, 19% had an infection caused by S...
December 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879225/efficacy-of-posterior-canal-wall-reconstruction-using-autologous-auricular-cartilage-and-bone-p%C3%A3-t%C3%A3-in-chronic-otitis-media-with-cholesteatoma
#14
Min Kwan Baek, Sung Ho Choi, Dong Young Kim, Chang Hyun Cho, Yong Woo Kim, Kwang Ha Moon, Ju Hyoung Lee
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to investigate the long-term results using the technique of canal wall up mastoidectomy and reconstruction of the posterior canal wall using bone pâté and auricular cartilage in the treatment of chronic otitis media with cholesteatoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on 42 patients who underwent canal wall up mastoidectomy and posterior canal wall reconstruction at a single institution between November 2005 and November 2012...
November 23, 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837423/the-effects-of-surgery-type-and-different-ossiculoplasty-materials-on-the-hearing-results-in-cholesteatoma-surgery
#15
Sultan Şevik Eliçora, Duygu Erdem, Aykut Erdem Dinç, Murat Damar, Sultan Bişkin
To investigate the effects of surgery type [intact canal wall (ICW) or canal wall down (CWD) mastoidectomy] and different ossiculoplasty materials on hearing outcome in single-staged cholesteatoma surgery. A retrospective case-control study. A total of 116 cases (97 adults, 29 children) underwent surgery, including ossiculoplasty, between 2012 and 2015 for cholesteatoma. Patients who had undergone surgery for the first time, and whose grafts were successful, were included in the study. Patients with adhesive otitis media, unsuccessful grafts, revision and recurrent cases, radical mastoidectomy, and craniofacial anomalies were excluded...
February 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833873/pre-operative-indicators-of-ossicular-necrosis-in-tubotympanic-csom
#16
Celina Lovely Jayakumar, Leeberk R Inbaraj, George J O Pinto
Ossicular necrosis and erosion is commonly seen in CSOM with cholesteatoma but can also occur in tubotympanic CSOM. This usually comes as a surprise during surgery. Preoperative knowledge of ossicular necrosis helps the surgeon to be better prepared for the surgery and ossicular construction if required. Hence, this study is intended to identify the pre-operative indicators of ossicular necrosis. This cross sectional study was conducted in Father Muller Medical College in Mangalore. Sixty nine consecutive patients with tubotympanic CSOM underwent a detailed clinical examination with pure tone audiometry and subsequently tympanoplasty with or without cortical mastoidectomy...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833868/evaluation-of-role-of-mastoid-surgery-in-the-management-of-safe-chronic-suppurative-otitis-media
#17
Akriti Sharma, Nitish Baisakhiya, L N Garg, Gurchand Singh
This study evaluates the outcome of type 1 tympanoplasty with and with out mastoidectomy. The comparative study comprises of 40 patients with CSOM safe type in dry ear. All cases were operated during a period of one and a half years. 20 of these cases were selected for tympanoplasty alone (Group A) and 20 cases were selected for Tympanoplasty with cortical mastoidectomy (Group B). Patients were reviewed after 3 weeks for inspection of the operated ear. The second and third postoperative reviews were done 6 and 12 weeks respectively for clinical assessment of the operated ear with respect to graft status, ear discharge and hearing improvement...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819651/endoscopic-assisted-cochlear-implantation-a-case-series
#18
Kadir Serkan Orhan, Beldan Polat, Mehmet Çelik, Şenol Çomoğlu, Yahya Güldiken
The aim of the present study was to describe the use of the endoscopic-assisted cochlear implantation in cases with an unsuccessful standard surgical technique because of not achieving adequate exposure to the round window (RW). Three patients with a bilateral profound hearing loss were operated using an endoscopic-assisted cochlear implant procedure at our tertiary university referral center between 2012 and 2014. In all of the patients, a retroauricular "c" shaped incision was performed and a subperiosteal pocket was created...
December 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796038/management-of-acute-complicated-mastoiditis-at-an-urban-tertiary-care-pediatric-hospital
#19
Saied Ghadersohi, Nancy M Young, Virginia Smith-Bronstein, Stephen Hoff, Kathleen R Billings
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To describe the presentation and management of acute complicated mastoiditis in children. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: An analysis of pediatric patients with acute complicated mastoiditis treated at an urban, tertiary care children's hospital from 2007 to 2014 was performed. RESULTS: Forty-eight patients presented with a total of 67 complications of acute mastoiditis. Mean age at presentation was 4...
October 31, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761737/middle-ear-adenoma-with-neuroendocrine-differentiation-a%C3%A2-pediatric-case-report
#20
Elisabeth Sterrer, Franz Windisch, Kurt Frey, Klaus Rettensteiner, Benjamin Loader
BACKGROUND: Middle ear adenoma with neuroendocrine differentiation (MEA-ND), also known as carcinoid tumor of the middle ear, is an extremely rare neoplasm, especially when located within the tympanic cavity. To the best of our knowledge, this represents the first pediatric case of a MEA-ND described in Europe. Excluding the present case, only three other pediatric cases of this disease have been published globally. CASE REPORT: We report on a 15-year-old female patient who presented with conductive hearing loss of the right ear...
October 19, 2016: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
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