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Mastoidectomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096229/disseminated-melioidosis-in-the-head-and-neck
#1
Tze Ling Loh, Sergios Latis, Graeme Crossland, Hemi Patel
A 35-year-old man was admitted to an intensive care unit with unilateral facial swelling and septic shock after multiple presentations to the emergency department with non-specific unilateral pain over the parotid area. A CT scan of his neck showed diffuse right-sided facial soft tissue infection, mastoid effusion and temporal lobe cerebritis. The upper lobes of his lungs had cannonball lesions that were suggestive of septic lung metastases. Blood cultures and ear canal swabs were positive for Burkholderia pseudomallei The temporal lobe cerebritis eventually developed into an abscess, necessitating a cortical mastoidectomy, craniectomy and temporal lobectomy...
January 17, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096227/atypical-presentation-of-bezold-s-and-citelli-s-abscesses-with-recollection-following-an-incomplete-postoperative-course-of-antibiotics
#2
Sadik Quoraishi, Jayan George, Amir Farboud, Conor Marnane
Bezold's and Citelli's abscesses are rare complications of otitis media. We present a case of a 44-year-old Eastern European man, with a history of recurrent otitis media, who was admitted to hospital with mastoiditis and initially treated with antibiotics. Despite clinical improvement, a CT scan showed mastoiditis with Bezold's and Citelli's abscesses. The patient underwent a myringotomy and grommet insertion, in addition to a cortical mastoidectomy and curettage of the neck abscesses. After a good recovery, he was discharged home...
January 17, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045591/clinical-practice-guideline-update
#3
Seth R Schwartz, Anthony E Magit, Richard M Rosenfeld, Bopanna B Ballachanda, Jesse M Hackell, Helene J Krouse, Claire M Lawlor, Kenneth Lin, Kourosh Parham, David R Stutz, Sandy Walsh, Erika A Woodson, Ken Yanagisawa, Eugene R Cunningham
Objective This update of the 2008 American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation cerumen impaction clinical practice guideline provides evidence-based recommendations on managing cerumen impaction. Cerumen impaction is defined as an accumulation of cerumen that causes symptoms, prevents assessment of the ear, or both. Changes from the prior guideline include a consumer added to the development group; new evidence (3 guidelines, 5 systematic reviews, and 6 randomized controlled trials); enhanced information on patient education and counseling; a new algorithm to clarify action statement relationships; expanded action statement profiles to explicitly state quality improvement opportunities, confidence in the evidence, intentional vagueness, and differences of opinion; an enhanced external review process to include public comment and journal peer review; and 3 new key action statements on managing cerumen impaction that focus on primary prevention, contraindicated intervention, and referral and coordination of care...
January 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942603/clinical-aspects-and-surgical-outcomes-of-congenital-cholesteatoma-in-93-children-increasing-trends-of-congenital-cholesteatoma-from-1997-through-2012
#4
Hyun Soo Cho, Hak Geon Kim, Da Jung Jung, Jeong Hun Jang, Sang Heun Lee, Kyu-Yup Lee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The recent increase in the reported incidence of congenital cholesteatoma (CC) may be secondary to the widespread use of otoendoscopy as well as an increased awareness of these lesions among primary care physicians. However, little research about CC has been conducted in a large group of patients. This study aimed to analyze the clinical characteristics of CC including the annual number of patients, symptoms, age at diagnosis, stage and type of disease, surgical techniques, recurrence, and postoperative complications...
December 2016: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895000/severe-acute-otitis-media-and-acute-mastoiditis-in-adults
#5
Anu Laulajainen Hongisto, Jussi Jero, Antti Markkola, Riste Saat, Antti A Aarnisalo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare clinical and microbiological findings in adults hospitalized for acute otitis media (AOM) or mastoid infections (acute or latent). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of all adults (≥17 years old) hospitalized (between 2003 and 2012) at a tertiary referral center for acute mastoid infections or AOM not responding to outpatient medical treatment. RESULTS: Of the 160 patients in the study sample, 19% had an infection caused by S...
November 28, 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879225/efficacy-of-posterior-canal-wall-reconstruction-using-autologous-auricular-cartilage-and-bone-p%C3%A3-t%C3%A3-in-chronic-otitis-media-with-cholesteatoma
#6
Min Kwan Baek, Sung Ho Choi, Dong Young Kim, Chang Hyun Cho, Yong Woo Kim, Kwang Ha Moon, Ju Hyoung Lee
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to investigate the long-term results using the technique of canal wall up mastoidectomy and reconstruction of the posterior canal wall using bone pâté and auricular cartilage in the treatment of chronic otitis media with cholesteatoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on 42 patients who underwent canal wall up mastoidectomy and posterior canal wall reconstruction at a single institution between November 2005 and November 2012...
November 23, 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837423/the-effects-of-surgery-type-and-different-ossiculoplasty-materials-on-the-hearing-results-in-cholesteatoma-surgery
#7
Sultan Şevik Eliçora, Duygu Erdem, Aykut Erdem Dinç, Murat Damar, Sultan Bişkin
To investigate the effects of surgery type [intact canal wall (ICW) or canal wall down (CWD) mastoidectomy] and different ossiculoplasty materials on hearing outcome in single-staged cholesteatoma surgery. A retrospective case-control study. A total of 116 cases (97 adults, 29 children) underwent surgery, including ossiculoplasty, between 2012 and 2015 for cholesteatoma. Patients who had undergone surgery for the first time, and whose grafts were successful, were included in the study. Patients with adhesive otitis media, unsuccessful grafts, revision and recurrent cases, radical mastoidectomy, and craniofacial anomalies were excluded...
November 11, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833873/pre-operative-indicators-of-ossicular-necrosis-in-tubotympanic-csom
#8
Celina Lovely Jayakumar, Leeberk R Inbaraj, George J O Pinto
Ossicular necrosis and erosion is commonly seen in CSOM with cholesteatoma but can also occur in tubotympanic CSOM. This usually comes as a surprise during surgery. Preoperative knowledge of ossicular necrosis helps the surgeon to be better prepared for the surgery and ossicular construction if required. Hence, this study is intended to identify the pre-operative indicators of ossicular necrosis. This cross sectional study was conducted in Father Muller Medical College in Mangalore. Sixty nine consecutive patients with tubotympanic CSOM underwent a detailed clinical examination with pure tone audiometry and subsequently tympanoplasty with or without cortical mastoidectomy...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833868/evaluation-of-role-of-mastoid-surgery-in-the-management-of-safe-chronic-suppurative-otitis-media
#9
Akriti Sharma, Nitish Baisakhiya, L N Garg, Gurchand Singh
This study evaluates the outcome of type 1 tympanoplasty with and with out mastoidectomy. The comparative study comprises of 40 patients with CSOM safe type in dry ear. All cases were operated during a period of one and a half years. 20 of these cases were selected for tympanoplasty alone (Group A) and 20 cases were selected for Tympanoplasty with cortical mastoidectomy (Group B). Patients were reviewed after 3 weeks for inspection of the operated ear. The second and third postoperative reviews were done 6 and 12 weeks respectively for clinical assessment of the operated ear with respect to graft status, ear discharge and hearing improvement...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819651/endoscopic-assisted-cochlear-implantation-a-case-series
#10
Kadir Serkan Orhan, Beldan Polat, Mehmet Çelik, Şenol Çomoğlu, Yahya Güldiken
The aim of the present study was to describe the use of the endoscopic-assisted cochlear implantation in cases with an unsuccessful standard surgical technique because of not achieving adequate exposure to the round window (RW). Three patients with a bilateral profound hearing loss were operated using an endoscopic-assisted cochlear implant procedure at our tertiary university referral center between 2012 and 2014. In all of the patients, a retroauricular "c" shaped incision was performed and a subperiosteal pocket was created...
November 7, 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796038/management-of-acute-complicated-mastoiditis-at-an-urban-tertiary-care-pediatric-hospital
#11
Saied Ghadersohi, Nancy M Young, Virginia Smith-Bronstein, Stephen Hoff, Kathleen R Billings
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To describe the presentation and management of acute complicated mastoiditis in children. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: An analysis of pediatric patients with acute complicated mastoiditis treated at an urban, tertiary care children's hospital from 2007 to 2014 was performed. RESULTS: Forty-eight patients presented with a total of 67 complications of acute mastoiditis. Mean age at presentation was 4...
October 31, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761737/middle-ear-adenoma-with-neuroendocrine-differentiation-a%C3%A2-pediatric-case-report
#12
Elisabeth Sterrer, Franz Windisch, Kurt Frey, Klaus Rettensteiner, Benjamin Loader
BACKGROUND: Middle ear adenoma with neuroendocrine differentiation (MEA-ND), also known as carcinoid tumor of the middle ear, is an extremely rare neoplasm, especially when located within the tympanic cavity. To the best of our knowledge, this represents the first pediatric case of a MEA-ND described in Europe. Excluding the present case, only three other pediatric cases of this disease have been published globally. CASE REPORT: We report on a 15-year-old female patient who presented with conductive hearing loss of the right ear...
October 19, 2016: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761285/revisiting-the-anatomy-of-the-facial-recess-the-boundaries-of-the-round-window-exposure
#13
Kerem Öztürk, Sercan Göde, Servet Çelik, Mustafa Orhan, Okan Bilge, Cem Bilgen, Tayfun Kirazlı, Canan Y Saylam
BACKGROUND: The exposure of the round window (RW) through the facial recess (FR) is sometimes partial. The anatomic variations that alter RW exposure during cochleostomy have not been clearly defined to date. AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess the best FR position in which to achieve the widest exposure of the RW niche and to define the topographic relationship between two other important anatomical structures, the facial nerve (FN) and the chorda tympani (CT)...
September 2016: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755360/hemifacial-spasm-secondary-to-parotid-pleomorphic-adenoma-with-stylomastoid-foramen-extension
#14
Eliot J Martin, Matthew L Carlson, Eric J Moore, Ryan S Jackson
OBJECTIVE: To report hemifacial spasm (HFS) as a rare presenting symptom of a benign parotid neoplasm involving the stylomastoid foramen. METHODS: Case report with literature review. RESULTS: An 18-year-old woman presented with a 1-year history of a progressively enlarging right infra-auricular mass with new onset ipsilateral severe HFS. Clinical vetting unveiled a palpable 2 cm, firm, minimally mobile mass medial to the angle of the mandible...
January 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751620/hearing-aid-silicone-impression-material-as-a-foreign-body-in-the-middle-ear
#15
Hyun-Min Lee, Keun-Ik Yi, Jae-Hoon Jung, Il-Woo Lee
We report an extremely rare case of hearing aid silicone impression material as a foreign body in the middle ear. Symptoms of the patient were otorrhea and vertigo after taking of a mold impression on his only hearing ear, and the symptoms mimicked chronic otitis media. A temporal bone CT scan revealed foreign body material in the middle ear and Eustachian tube. An intact canal wall mastoidectomy with a facial recess approach and type IV tympanoplasty was performed to remove the silicone impression material...
January 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729479/igg4-related-disease-of-bilateral-temporal-bones
#16
Lilun Li, Bryan Ward, Margaret Cocks, Amir Kheradmand, Howard W Francis
OBJECTIVE: IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is an idiopathic inflammatory condition that causes pseudotumor formation in single or multiple organs, including those of the head and neck. Temporal bone involvement is rare, with only 3 cases of unilateral temporal bone IgG4-RD described in the literature. We report the first known case of IgG4-RD of bilateral temporal bones and describe its clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment. METHODS: The patient was a 52-year-old man with latent tuberculosis (TB) who presented with a 10-year history of bilateral profound hearing loss and vestibular dysfunction...
October 10, 2016: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729133/does-canal-wall-down-mastoidectomy-benefit-syndromic-children-with-congenital-aural-stenosis
#17
Phayvanh P Sjogren, Richard K Gurgel, Albert H Park
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether a canal wall down mastoidectomy can provide long-term benefit for children with aural stenosis. METHODS: Retrospective case series of children with congenital aural stenosis having undergone a canal wall down mastoidectomy over a twelve-year period at a tertiary children's hospital. RESULTS: Data from thirteen children who underwent a total of twenty canal wall down mastoidectomies for aural stenosis were reviewed...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716599/lateral-attic-wall-reconstruction-with-glass-ionomer-bone-cement-in-the-management-of-primary-acquired-attic-cholesteatoma-in-children-a-preliminary-experience
#18
Ahmed Omran, Fatthi Abdel Baki, Ahmed Amin
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of glass ionomer bone cement (GIBC) in lateral attic wall reconstruction after primary acquired attic cholesteatoma surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study was conducted on twenty children collected from the ENT outpatient clinics of a secondary and tertiary hospital. All patients presented with chronic suppurative otitis media with cholesteatoma of the primary acquired attic type. All patients underwent intact canal wall mastoidectomy (ICWM) with a transcanal atticotomy to address primary cholesteatoma involving the attic and the supratubal recess...
August 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716596/assessment-of-mastoid-function-with-magnetic-resonance-imaging-after-canal-wall-up-cholesteatoma-surgery
#19
William J Parkes, Sharon L Cushing, Blake C Papsin, Susan I Blaser, Adrian L James
OBJECTIVE: To use magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to assess the extent of mastoid opacification after canal wall up (CWU) cholesteatoma surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-five children in whom post-operative MRI had been obtained after CWU surgery. Cholesteatoma confined to the meso- and/or epi-tympanum was removed using a transcanal approach (n=18). More extensive disease required a combined approach tympanomastoidectomy (CAT, n=17). Mastoid opacification was assessed in both ears by a neuroradiologist blind to surgical details using an ordinal scale from 0 (no opacification) to 6 (completely opacified)...
August 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704279/improvement-of-the-insertion-axis-for-cochlear-implantation-with-a-robot-based-system
#20
Renato Torres, Guillaume Kazmitcheff, Daniele De Seta, Evelyne Ferrary, Olivier Sterkers, Yann Nguyen
It has previously reported that alignment of the insertion axis along the basal turn of the cochlea was depending on surgeon' experience. In this experimental study, we assessed technological assistances, such as navigation or a robot-based system, to improve the insertion axis during cochlear implantation. A preoperative cone beam CT and a mastoidectomy with a posterior tympanotomy were performed on four temporal bones. The optimal insertion axis was defined as the closest axis to the scala tympani centerline avoiding the facial nerve...
October 4, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
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