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Hydrogen peroxide gel

Barbara S Janović, Milica Lj Mićić Vićovac, Zoran M Vujčić, Miroslava T Vujčić
Peroxidases (EC have enormous biotechnological applications. Usage of more abundant, basic isoforms of peroxidases in diagnostic kits and/or in immunochemistry has led to under exploitation and disregard of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) acidic isoforms. Therefore, acidic horseradish peroxidase (HRP-A) isoenzyme was used for the preparation of a biocatalyst with improved ability in dye decolorization. Ten biocatalysts were prepared by covalent binding of enzyme to chitosan and alginate, adsorption followed by cross-linking on inorganic support (aluminum oxide), and encapsulation in spherical calcium alginate beads via polyethylene glycol...
December 1, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Pratap Kumar Mukka, Nanda Kumar Komineni, Sambashivarao Pola, E Soujanya, Anand Ramtheerth Karne, Bhasker Nenavath, Sandeep Shiva, Pallavi Vuppunuthula
INTRODUCTION: If adhesive restorations are carried out imme-diately, the Shear Bond Strength (SBS) to bleached enamel is reduced. The use of antioxidants can be highlighted since it seems to be a more effective alternative to reduce or remove the residual oxygen and immediate improvement in SBS. AIM: The purpose of this in-vitro study was an attempt to regain the lost bond strength, for which, the comparison of SBS of composite resin to bleached enamel was carried out using various antioxidants i...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Jeffrey W Hall, Junshu Yang, Haiyong Guo, Yinduo Ji
Staphylococcus aureus is an important opportunistic pathogen and etiologically agent of many hospital- and community-acquired infections. The golden pigment, staphyloxanthin, of S. aureus colonies distinguishes it from other staphylococci and related Gram-positive cocci. Staphyloxanthin is the product of a series of biosynthetic steps that produce a unique membrane-embedded C (30) golden carotenoid and is an important antioxidant. We observed a strain with an inducible airR overexpression cassette had noticeably increased staphyloxanthin production compared to the wild-type strain under aerobic culturing conditions...
November 21, 2016: Infection and Immunity
Arunkumar Venkatesan, Kannan Palaniyandi, Divakar Sharma, Deepa Bisht, Sujatha Narayanan
Mycobacterium tuberculosis adapts to stress conditions by responding to the signals from its external environment. M. tuberculosis genome encodes 11 eukaryotic like serine/threonine protein kinases (STPK) and their importance in regulating the physiology and virulence of the bacteria are being explored. Previous study from our lab identified the M. tuberculosis STPK, PknI interacts with two peroxidase proteins such as Rv2159c and Rv0148. In this study, we have characterized the biological function behind the PknI-Rv2159c interaction in M...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Rosaria Ciriminna, Valerica Pandarus, Riccardo Delisi, Antonino Scurria, Maria Pia Casaletto, Francesco Giordano, François Béland, Mario Pagliaro
BACKGROUND: The introduction of an heterogeneously catalyzed gold-based alcohol oxidation process of broad applicability using a clean primary oxidant would be highly desirable. Gold is non toxic and carbonyl and carboxyl compounds are widely used to produce medicines, plastics, colorants, paints, detergents, fragrances, flavors, and other valued functional products. RESULTS: The sol-gel entrapment of gold nanoparticles in hybrid silica improves gold-based oxidation catalysis applied to the selective oxidation of alcohols with aqueous hydrogen peroxide as eco-friendly primary oxidant...
2016: Chemistry Central Journal
Subhalaxmi Mohapatra, Bhabatosh Mittra
Fusarium induced oxidative stress could be recovered by reversible protein oxidative modification through the process of glutathionylation in co-stressed (low-dose (50 μM) Cd(2+) pre-treatment followed by Fusarium inoculation) wheat seedlings. Co-stressed seedlings showed low disease severity index as compared to Fusarium infected seedlings. A reduced level of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and carbonyl contents due to irreversible protein oxidation were observed in co-stressed seedlings as compared to Fusarium infected seedlings...
October 17, 2016: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
K Thenmozhi, S Sriman Narayanan
The enzyme horseradish peroxidase and the water-soluble mediator toluidine blue were covalently immobilized to 3-aminopropyl trimethoxy silane precursor through glutaraldehyde crosslinker. A rigid ceramic composite electrode was fabricated from this modified silane along with graphite powder, which resulted in an amperometric biosensor for H2O2. The electrochemical behaviour of the modified biosensor was monitored using cyclic voltammetry in the potential range of 0.2V to -0.4V vs SCE. The biosensor exhibited a stable voltammogram with cathodic peak at -0...
January 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Justine J Roberts, Pratibha Naudiyal, Khoon S Lim, Laura A Poole-Warren, Penny J Martens
BACKGROUND: Dityrosine crosslinking in proteins is a bioinspired method of forming hydrogels. This study compares oxidative enzyme initiators for their relative crosslinking efficiency and cytocompatibility using the same phenol group and the same material platform. Four common enzyme and enzyme-like oxidative initiators were probed for resulting material properties and cell viability post-encapsulation. RESULTS: All four initiators can be used to form phenol-crosslinked hydrogels, however gelation rates are dependent on enzyme type, concentration, and the oxidant...
2016: Biomaterials Research
Juliana do Carmo Públio, Maria Beatriz Freitas D'Arce, Anderson Catelan, Gláucia Maria Bovi Ambrosano, Flávio Henrique Baggio Aguiar, José Roberto Lovadino, Débora Alves Nunes Leite Lima
This study evaluated the influence of different enamel thicknesses and bleaching agents on treatment efficacy in-depth by spectrophotometry color analysis. Eighty bovine dental fragments were previously stained in black tea solution and randomly assigned into eight groups (n=10), 1.75mm dentin thickness and different enamel thicknesses as follows: 0.5mm, 1.0mm planned, 1.0mm unplanned (aprismatic enamel), and absence of enamel. The 10% carbamide peroxide (CP) and 35% hydrogen peroxide (HP) bleaching gels were applied on the enamel surface following the manufacturer's recommendations...
2016: Open Dentistry Journal
Manuella Sca Santana, Enrico C Bridi, Ricardo S Navarro, Carlos J de Lima, Adriana B Fernandes, Flávia Lb do Amaral, Fabiana Mg França, Cecilia P Turssi, Roberta T Basting
The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effects of dental bleaching with ozone (O3) on color change and enamel microhardness. Enamel blocks (3 x 3 x 3mm) were randomly distributed for treatments (n=10). Color change (ΔE) and Knoop microhardness of the enamel blocks were evaluated before and after the following treatments: C - deionized water (control); HP - 37.5% hydrogen peroxide (Pola Office+/ SDI); PLA - placebo gel; O3 - ozone; and O2 - oxygen. Four 8-minute applications were used for HP and PLA, and one 19-minute application for O3 and O2...
April 2016: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
M Rezende, J L De Geus, A D Loguercio, A Reis, D Kossatz
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the genotoxicity of in-office bleaching with 35% hydrogen peroxide in epithelial cells from the gingival and lip tissues. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Thirty volunteers with central incisors shade A1 or darker were selected for this study. The gingival tissue of the teeth to be bleached was isolated with a light-polymerized resin dam, and the 35% hydrogen peroxide gel was administered during three 15-minute applications over the course of the 45-minute application period...
September 20, 2016: Operative Dentistry
Ana Bárbara Araújo Loiola, Aline Evangelista Souza-Gabriel, Renata Siqueira Scatolin, Silmara Aparecida Milori Corona
BACKGROUND: Hydrogen peroxide (HP) at lower concentration can provide less alteration on enamel surface and when combined with laser therapy, could decrease tooth sensitivity. This in situ study evaluated the influence of 15% and 35% HP gel activated by lighting-emitting diode (LED)/laser light for in-office tooth bleaching. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-four bovine enamel slabs were polished and subjected to surface microhardness (load of 25 g for 5 s). The specimens were placed in intraoral palatal devices of 11 volunteers (n = 11)...
July 2016: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
E Fernández, C Bersezio, J Bottner, F Avalos, I Godoy, D Inda, P Vildósola, Jrc Saad, O B Oliveira, J Martín
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate the color longevity after nine months of in-office bleaching with gel (6% hydrogen peroxide), to compare this to a control concentration of 35% in a split-mouth study model, and to assess the dental confidence and psychosocial impact on patients. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Twenty-seven patients were assessed at the nine-month recall. The bleaching procedure with 6% or 35% hydrogen peroxide gel was performed randomly in the upper hemi-arch of each patient...
August 29, 2016: Operative Dentistry
Attila Bagdi, Sándor Tömösközi, Laura Nyström
Feruloylated arabinoxylan (AX) has a unique capacity to form covalent gels in the presence of certain oxidizing agents. The present study demonstrates that hydroxyl radical oxidation does not provoke ferulic acid dimerization and thus oxidative gelation. We studied the hydroxyl radical mediated oxidation of an alkali-extracted AX preparation (purity: 92g/100g dry matter) that showed gel-forming capability upon peroxidase/hydrogen peroxide treatment. Hydroxyl radicals were produced with ascorbate-driven Fenton reaction and the radical formation was monitored with electron paramagnetic resonance, using a POBN/EtOH spin trapping system...
November 5, 2016: Carbohydrate Polymers
Soyoung Park, So Ran Kwon, Fang Qian, Philip W Wertz
PURPOSE: To evaluate the whitening efficacy of a new two-layer technology in-office system compared to a conventional gel-type system and determine hydrogen peroxide penetration (HPP) into the pulp cavity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Extracted molars (n = 60) were assigned to group NC: glycerol gel; group QPRO: 20% HP varnish (Zoom Quick Pro, Philips Oral Healthcare); group ZOOM_NL: 25% HP gel (Zoom Chairside Whitening); and group ZOOM_WL: 25% HP gel (Zoom Chairside Whitening) with light-activation...
September 2016: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
Maryam Khoroushi, Farinaz Shirban, Sara Kaveh, Samaneh Doustfateme
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of incorporating three different nanobiomaterials into bleaching material on microhardness of bleached enamel. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The crowns of 24 extracted sound human molars were sectioned. Sixty enamel specimens (2 × 3 × 4 mm) were selected and divided into five groups (n = 12): Group 1 received no bleaching procedure (control); Group 2 underwent bleaching with a 40% hydrogen peroxide (HP) gel; Groups 3, 4, and 5 were bleached with a 40% HP gel modified by incorporation of bioactive glass (BAG), amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP) and hydroxyapatite (HA), respectively...
August 2016: Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics
Kwesi Teye, Sanae Numata, Norito Ishii, Rafal P Krol, Atsunari Tsuchisaka, Takahiro Hamada, Hiroshi Koga, Tadashi Karashima, Chika Ohata, Daisuke Tsuruta, Hideyuki Saya, Marek Haftek, Takashi Hashimoto
CD44, a cell surface proteoglycan, is involved in many biological events. CD44 transcripts undergo complex alternative splicing, resulting in many functionally distinct isoforms. To date, however, the nature of these isoforms in human epidermis has not been adequately determined. In this study, we isolated all CD44 transcripts from normal human epidermis, and studied how their expressions are regulated. By RT-PCR, we found that a number of different CD44 transcripts were expressed in human epidermis, and we obtained all these transcripts from DNA bands in agarose and acrylamide gels by cloning...
2016: PloS One
Derya Merve Halacoglu, Kıvanc Yamanel, Saffet Basaran, Duygu Tuncer, Cigdem Celik
OBJECTIVE: The effect of different staining solutions and a bleaching procedure on color stability and surface roughness of a nanohybrid resin composite were evaluated with or without liquid resin polishing (RP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-six disc-shaped resin composite specimens (A1 Shade, Z550 Filtek 3M ESPE, St. Paul, MN, USA) were prepared and divided randomly into two groups (n = 48). Liquid RP (BisCover LV, Bisco Inc., Schaumburg, IL, USA) was applied in one group (RP) and not in the other (P)...
July 2016: European Journal of Dentistry
R Lo Giudice, G Pantaleo, A Lizio, U Romeo, G Castiello, G Spagnuolo, G Lo Giudice
BACKGROUND: Auxiliary power sources (LED and laser) are used in in-office teeth bleaching techniques to accelerate the redox reaction of the whitening gel to increase ease of use, to improve comfort and safety, and to decrease the procedure time. OBJECTIVE: The aim this study is to evaluate the efficiency of the teeth whitening procedures performed with hydrogen peroxide and carbamide peroxide, LED or Laser activated. METHOD: 18 patients, affected by exogenous dyschromia, were treated with a bleaching agent composed by 35% hydrogen peroxide and 10% carbamide peroxide...
2016: Open Dentistry Journal
Cristina Dupim Presoto, Janaina Freitas Bortolatto, Priscila Petrucelli Freire de Carvalho, Tamara Carolina Trevisan, Michael Christopher Floros, Osmir Batista de Oliveira Junior
Dental bleaching is considered a conservative and biologically safe treatment for discolored teeth. Despite this, one of the major undesirable effects of bleaching is dentin sensitivity which may occur during and after treatment. To address these sensitivity issues, new dental bleaching preparations with lower concentrations of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) have recently been introduced to the market. This paper presents a clinical case report of a 20-year-old female patient admitted to the Araraquara Dental School, UNESP, Brazil...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
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