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Hydrogen peroxide gel

K Jena, J P Pandey, Ruchi Kumari, A K Sinha, V P Gupta, G P Singh
The present study, investigates the properties of sericin extracted from tasar silk fiber waste (TSFW). Separation of residual sericin from TSFW was confirmed by scanning electron microscope (SEM). The molecular weight distribution of sericin was examined by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). The results suggested that TSFW sericin represented a family of proteins with wide-ranging molecular weight distribution (11-245 kDa). Structural determination by FTIR revealed the presence of both α-helical and β-sheet structures...
March 14, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Márcia Rezende, Kaprice Chemin, Savil Costa Vaez, Aline Carvalho Peixoto, Jéssica de Freitas Rabelo, Stella Sueli Lourenço Braga, André Luis Faria-E-Silva, Gisele Rodrigues da Silva, Carlos José Soares, Alessandro D Loguercio, Alessandra Reis
BACKGROUND: Tooth sensitivity commonly occurs during and immediately after dental bleaching. The authors conducted a trial to compare tooth sensitivity after in-office bleaching after the use of either a topical dipyrone or placebo gel. METHODS: A split-mouth, triple-blind, randomized, multicenter clinical trial was conducted among 120 healthy adults having teeth that were shade A2 or darker. The facial tooth surfaces of the right or left sides of the maxillary arch of each patient were randomly assigned to receive either topical dipyrone or placebo gel before 2 in-office bleaching sessions (35% hydrogen peroxide) separated by 2 weeks...
March 14, 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
C Bersezio, P Vildósola, M Sáez, F Sánchez, R Vernal, O B Oliveira, G Jorquera, J Basualdo, A Loguercio, E Fernández
OBJECTIVE: This randomized clinical trial evaluated the effect of 35% hydrogen peroxide in comparison with 37% carbamide peroxide in a nonvital bleaching technique of "walking bleaching" (four sessions of treatment) on periodontal markers: nuclear factor kappa B-ligand (RANK-L-process of root resorption marker) and interleukin 1β (IL-1β-inflammatory response marker). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Fifty volunteers presenting with discoloration of nonvital teeth and endodontic treatment in good condition participated...
March 13, 2018: Operative Dentistry
Deepak Mehta, S Jyothi, Prashant Moogi, Werner J Finger, Keiichi Sasaki
OBJECTIVES: Aim of this clinical trial was to investigate the effect of a calcium phosphate based desensitizer paste applied prior to in-office tooth whitening on bleaching sensitivity (BS). METHODS: This crossover study was designed as randomized double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial. The desensitizer paste Teethmate AP (TAP) contains tetracalcium phosphate and dicalcium phosphate anhydrous in glycerol and polyethylene glycol, whereas placebo (PLA) is a calcium phosphate free analog...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
W F Vieira-Junior, L N Ferraz, Nip Pini, Gmb Ambrosano, Fhb Aguiar, Cpm Tabchoury, Danl Lima
AIM: To investigate the effect of different toothpaste formulations used prior to dental bleaching with 35% hydrogen peroxide (HP) on the mineral content and surface morphology of enamel. METHODS: Seventy bovine enamel blocks (4×4×2 mm) were submitted to in vitro treatment protocols using a toothbrushing machine prior to dental bleaching or a placebo procedure (n=10) as proposed in the following groups: unbleached control (PLA), bleached control (HP), and brushing with differing toothpastes prior to HP bleaching, including: potassium nitrate toothpaste containing sodium fluoride (PN), sodium monofluorophosphate/MFP toothpaste (FT), arginine-carbonate (8% arginine) (PA) or arginine-carbonate (1...
March 2018: Operative Dentistry
Jinqiang Wang, Yanqi Ye, Jicheng Yu, Anna R Kahkoska, Xudong Zhang, Chao Wang, Wujin Sun, Ria D Corder, Zhaowei Chen, Saad A Khan, John B Buse, Zhen Gu
A bioinspired glucose-responsive insulin delivery system for self-regulation of blood glucose levels is desirable for improving health and quality of life outcomes for patients with type 1 and advanced type 2 diabetes. Here we describe a painless core-shell microneedle array patch consisting of degradable cross-linked gel for smart insulin delivery with rapid responsiveness and excellent biocompatibility. This gel-based device can partially dissociate and subsequently release insulin when triggered by hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ) generated during the oxidation of glucose by a glucose-specific enzyme covalently attached inside the gel...
February 19, 2018: ACS Nano
Elena Tajuelo Rodriguez, Lawrence M Anovitz, Caleb D Clement, Adam J Rondinone, Michael C Cheshire
Diopside is a common natural pyroxene that is rarely found in a pure state, since magnesium is often partially substituted by iron, and other elements (sodium and aluminum) are often present. This pyroxene, along with feldspars and olivines, is common in concrete. As the prospective license renewal of light water reactors to 80 years of operation has raised concerns on the effects of radiation in the concrete biological shield surrounding the reactors, mineral nanoparticles can be valuable to perform amorphization studies to inform predictive models of mechanical properties of irradiated concrete...
February 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
Pedro Faria Zeni, Disley Prates Dos Santos, Rafael Renatino Canevarolo, José Andrés Yunes, Francine Ferreira Padilha, Ricardo Luiz C de Albuquerque Júnior, Silvia Maria Egues, Maria Lucila Hernández-Macedo
Titanium dioxide (TiO2) has attracted attention as a photosensitizer in the field of photodynamic therapy (PDT) due to its low toxicity and high photostability. In the present work, nitrogen-doped TiO2 (N-TiO2) nanoparticles had their photokilling efficiency evaluated on a murine melanoma cell line (B16-F10) and fibroblasts (NIH 3T3). The N-TiO2 nanoparticles were prepared by a modified hydrogen peroxide sol-gel process using triethylamine as nitrogen precursor. XRD measurements showed that all TiO2 and N-TiO2 samples consisted of an anatase crystalline phase and no trace of rutile was detected...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Sibelli Olivieri Parreiras, Anna Luiza Szesz, Fabiana Madalozzo Coppla, Eveline Claudia Martini, Paulo Vitor Farago, Alessandro D Loguercio, Alessandra Reis
BACKGROUND: In this randomized study, split-mouth, triple-blind clinical trial, the authors evaluated the efficacy of a desensitizing gel that contained 5% potassium nitrate and 5% glutaraldehyde applied before in-office bleaching with 35% hydrogen peroxide (HP). METHODS: Treatment with the desensitizing or placebo control gels was randomly assigned to one-half of the maxillary teeth of 42 patients in a split-mouth design. The desensitizing gels were applied and maintained in contact with the tooth enamel for 10 minutes, followed by 2 HP bleaching sessions separated by 1 week...
February 10, 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
Mahmoud K Al-Omiri, Abdullah A Al Nazeh, Andrej M Kielbassa, Edward Lynch
The clinical efficacy regarding bleaching sensitivity and tooth shade lightening using a standard hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) bleaching gel was compared with the additional use of ozone either before or after application of H2O2. Using computer-generated tables, 45 participants were randomly allocated into three groups (n = 15 each) in this investigator-driven, single-centre trial. In Group 1, upper anterior teeth were bleached using ozone (produced via a healOzone X4 device) for 60 seconds, then 38% H2O2 for 20 minutes; in Group 2, 38% H2O2 application (20 min) was followed by ozone (60 s); air produced by the healOzone machine (60 s) followed by 38% H2O2 (20 min) was used in Group 3 (control)...
February 5, 2018: Scientific Reports
Nazanin Kiomarsi, Yasaman Arjmand, Mohammad Javad Kharrazi Fard, Nasim Chiniforush
Introduction: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of surface treatment with erbium: yttrium-aluminum-garnet (Er:YAG) and erbium, chromium: yttrium-scandium-gallium-garnet (Er,Cr:YSGG) lasers on shear bond strength of composite resin to recently bleached dentin. Methods: In this study, 40 extracted human premolars were selected. The teeth were cut 4 mm apical to the cusp tip and were randomly divided into four groups (n=10 in each group) for shear bond strength testing. For bleaching, 35% hydrogen peroxide (H2 o2 ) gel (Opalescence Endo, Ultradent, South Jordan, UT, USA) was applied to dentin surfaces of all specimens for 10 days...
2018: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
Ana Luiza Barbosa Jurema, Mauricio Yugo de Souza, Carlos Rocha Gomes Torres, Alessandra Bühler Borges, Taciana Marco Ferraz Caneppele
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of 35% hydrogen peroxide at different pH values and the degree of tooth staining on whitening efficacy and enamel microhardness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 90 enamel-dentin specimens were obtained from bovine incisors. They were randomly divided into 2 groups (n = 45), 1 group was immersed in a staining broth for 14 days, and another group was not stained and kept in distilled water at 37°C. Twenty-four hours after the staining procedure, each group was distributed into 3 subgroups that were whitened by 35% hydrogen peroxide with different pH values (5, 7, and 8...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
F Benetti, J E Gomes-Filho, L L Ferreira, G Sivieri-Araújo, E Ervolino, A L F Briso, L T A Cintra
AIM: To evaluate lymphocyte-like cell activation (CD5-positive cells) and the expression of interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-17 in the pulp after dental bleaching with two concentrations of hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ). METHODOLOGY: The right and left maxillary molars from 40 rats were treated randomly with bleaching gel with 20% H2 O2 (BLUE group, 1 application of 50 min), 35% H2 O2 (MAXX group, 3 applications of 15 min), or placebo gel (Control). After 2 and 30 days, the rats were killed (n=10), and the jaws were processed for histological and immunohistochemistry analysis of the pulp tissue...
January 20, 2018: International Endodontic Journal
Waldemir F Vieira-Junior, Thayla H N Gouveia, Bruna G Silva, Vanessa C P S Bueno, Flávio H B Aguiar, Débora A N L Lima
In-office bleaching is a treatment based on products that contain hydrogen peroxide (HP) while demonstrating whitening effectiveness. HP could promote alterations to surface morphologies and properties of dental tissues. The objective was describe a toothpaste protocol associated to bleaching therapy to promote a safer approach. Patient 1 (male) and Patient 2 (female) were attended, and toothbrushing (twice a day) with a dentifrice containing bioactive glass (BG) (NovaMin™) and fluoride was indicated before and during the treatment...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
Maryam Khoroushi, Fatemeh Tavakol, Farinaz Shirban, Sanaz Ziaei
Background: Irrigation has a key role in the success of endodontic treatment. Intracanal irrigant solutions have adverse effects on the physical properties of dentin. Aim: The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of different irrigation protocols on coronal fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth undergoing bleaching treatment. Design and Materials and Methods: Access cavities were prepared in 120 maxillary premolars which were divided into two groups (n = 60) - Group A: nonbleached, Group B: bleached (B)...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
Chun-Yung Huang, Chia-Hung Kuo, Chia-Hsin Lee
In this study, we extracted fucoidan from compressional-puffing-pretreated Sargassum crassifolium by hot water. The crude extract of fucoidan (SC) was degraded by various degradation reagents and four low-molecular-weight (LMW) fucoidans, namely SCO (degradation by hydrogen peroxide), SCA (degradation by ascorbic acid), SCOA (degradation by hydrogen peroxide + ascorbic acid), and SCH (degradation by hydrogen chloride) were obtained. The degradation reagents studied could effectively degrade fucoidan into LMW fucoidans, as revealed by intrinsic viscosity, agarose gel electrophoresis, and molecular weight analyses...
January 11, 2018: Marine Drugs
Yang Liu, Ling Yuan, Changwei Pan, Jianmin Gao, Wenxiu Zhou, Qingyu Gao
The hydrogen peroxide-sulfite-ferrocyanide reaction shows excellent photosensitivity under pulse light illumination, which can be used to efficiently control the spatiotemporal dynamics of the nonlinear chemical system. Here, we numerically simulated the photo-induced pH oscillations by integrating two models which describe the oscillatory and photosensitive behaviors, respectively. A dynamic transition from the low-pH steady state to oscillations can be obtained using light illumination. In accordance with the simulation results, oscillatory dynamics was experimentally obtained under the light illumination through excitation of low-pH steady state...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
Guillermo Grazioli, Lisia Lorea Valente, Cristina Pereira Isolan, Helena Alves Pinheiro, Camila Gonçalves Duarte, Eliseu Aldrighi Münchow
Tooth bleaching is considered a non-invasive treatment, although the use of highly-concentrated products may provoke increased surface roughness and enamel demineralization, as well as postoperative sensitivity. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate whether hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) concentration would affect tooth bleaching effectiveness and the enamel surface properties. Enamel/dentin bovine specimens (6 × 4 mm) were immersed in coffee solution for 7 days and evaluated with a spectrophotometer (Easyshade; baseline), using the CIEL*a*b* color parameters...
December 28, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
Daniel Saliba, Manal Ammar, Moustafa Rammal, Mazen Al-Ghoul, Mohamad Hmadeh
A facile method to produce Zeolitic Imidazolate Frameworks (ZIF-8, ZIF-67 and solid-solution ZIFs (mixed Co and Zn)) is reported. ZIF crystals are produced via a reaction-diffusion framework (RDF) by diffusing an outer solution at a relatively high concentration of the 2-methyl imidazole linker (HmIm) into an agar gel matrix containing the divalent metal (zinc (II) and/or cobalt (II)) at room temperature. Accordingly, a propagating supersaturation wave, initiated at the interface between the outer solution and the gel matrix leads to a precipitation front endowed with a gradient of crystal sizes ranging between 100 nm and 55 m along the same reaction tube...
January 5, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Bianca Medeiros Maran, Adrieli Burey, Thalita de Paris Matos, Alessandro D Loguercio, Alessandra Reis
OBJECTIVE: A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed to answer the following research question: Does light-activated in-office vital bleaching have a greater whitening efficacy and higher tooth sensitivity (TS) in comparison with in-office vital bleaching without light when used in adults? DATA AND SOURCE: Only randomized clinical trials (RCTs) involving adults who had in-office bleaching with and without light activation were included. Controlled vocabulary and keywords were used in a comprehensive search for titles and abstracts in PubMed, and this search was adapted for Scopus, Web of Science, LILACS, BBO, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and SIGLE without restrictions in May 2016 and was updated in August 2017...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
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