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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938784/immunocastration-as-an-alternative-to-caponization-evaluation-of-its-effect-on-body-and-bone-development-and-on-meat-color-and-composition
#1
M A G Quaresma, I C Antunes, M F Ribeiro, S Prazeres, R J B Bessa, P Martins da Costa
Caponization is associated with some morbidity and mortality, which contributes to important economic losses. This practice is executed without any pain relief (neither anesthesia nor analgesia) and can be painful and without consideration of animal welfare. On the other hand, immunocastration accomplished by Improvac and Bovipriva in pigs and cattle represents a noninvasive procedure, and for that reason is regarded as an alternative with improved animal welfare. This study includes 4 experimental groups consisting of capons, slips, roosters, and birds submitted to the Improvac treatment...
October 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938105/how-people-from-ethnic-minorities-describe-their-experiences-of-managing-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-qualitative-meta-synthesis
#2
REVIEW
Virginia Jones, Marie Crowe
BACKGROUND: The increasing prevalence of diabetes is well-documented along with the findings that some ethnic minorities have a higher prevalence than non-minority individuals. Along with possible biological differences between ethnicities, access to economic, social, cultural and symbolic capital may impact on the success of managing type-2 diabetes. OBJECTIVES: To examine how people from ethnic minorities in Western countries describe their experiences of managing type-2 diabetes mellitus...
August 30, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937792/timeliness-of-measles-laboratory-reporting-and-factors-associated-with-delays-zhejiang-province-china-2009-2015
#3
Hanqing He, Rui Yan, Chunhong Fan, Fangyuan Jing, Ye Ding
In 2006, China targeted measles for elimination by 2012, but the goal was not achieved. In line with this goal, the timeliness of measles laboratory reporting should be evaluated to improve efficiency in implementing control measures. Laboratory-confirmed suspected measles cases reported to the measles surveillance system in Zhejiang Province, China, from 2009 to 2015 were collected. Three reporting periods were defined: transport duration (period from serum collected to serum received in lab), analysis duration (period from serum received to the result being reported), and total reporting duration...
September 22, 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937601/humoral-response-of-buffaloes-to-a-recombinant-vaccine-against-botulism-serotypes-c-and-d
#4
Denis Y Otaka, José D Barbosa, Clóvis Moreira, Marcos R A Ferreira, Carlos E P Cunha, Antônio R S Brito, Rafael A Donassolo, Ângela N Moreira, Fabrício R Conceição, Felipe M Salvarani
Botulism is a fatal intoxication caused by botulinum neurotoxins (BoNTs), which are mainly produced by Clostridium botulinum and characterized by flaccid paralysis. The BoNTs C and D are the main serotypes responsible for botulism in animals, including buffaloes. Botulism is one of the leading causes of death in adult ruminants in Brazil due to the high mortality rates, even though botulism in buffaloes is poorly reported and does not reflect the real economic impact of this disease in Brazilian herds. Vaccination is reported as the most important prophylactic measure for botulism control, although there are no specific vaccines commercially available for buffaloes in Brazil...
September 22, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936854/-thinking-on-development-of-shanxi-astragali-radix-industry
#5
Xue-Mei Qin, Ai-Ping Li, Ke Li, An-Ping Li, Lu-Hong Ning
Shanxi, a traditional production area to produce genuine Astragali Radix of high quality, has experienced major changes in the pattern of resources. This area once accounted for half of Astragali Radix industry, but now only serves as the largest supply area of traditional wild Astragali Radix. Furthermore, the strategic position of Shanxi Astragali Radix industry will become more prominent and more important to economic and social development in face of the diversity of market demands, especially for the strong demands of high-end Astragali Radix...
December 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936226/challenges-in-modeling-complexity-of-neglected-tropical-diseases-a-review-of-dynamics-of-visceral-leishmaniasis-in-resource-limited-settings
#6
REVIEW
Swati DebRoy, Olivia Prosper, Austin Mishoe, Anuj Mubayi
OBJECTIVES: Neglected tropical diseases (NTD), account for a large proportion of the global disease burden, and their control faces several challenges including diminishing human and financial resources for those distressed from such diseases. Visceral leishmaniasis (VL), the second-largest parasitic killer (after malaria) and an NTD affects poor populations and causes considerable cost to the affected individuals. Mathematical models can serve as a critical and cost-effective tool for understanding VL dynamics, however, complex array of socio-economic factors affecting its dynamics need to be identified and appropriately incorporated within a dynamical modeling framework...
2017: Emerging Themes in Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936217/evaluation-of-fertilizer-potential-of-different-k-compounds-prepared-utilizing-sea-bittern-as-feed-stock
#7
Khanjan Trivedi, Denish Kubavat, Krishna K Ghara, Ranjeet Kumar, Hardik Trivedi, K G Vijay Anand, Pratyush Maiti, Arup Ghosh
Aim: Many countries import potassic fertilizers due to dearth of K-mineral deposits. Therefore processes to obtain K-nutrient sources from sea bittern were developed by our Institute. The present investigation evaluated the fertilizer potential of three different sea bittern-derived (SBD) potassium forms developed viz., potassium schoenite, potassium nitrate and potassium ammonium sulfate on maize productivity in two cropping seasons. Methods: The pot and field experiments consisted of four treatments, wherein the three K forms were applied at the recommended rate of 40 kg K2O ha(-1) and were compared with commercially used sulfate of potash...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935555/vaccination-with-a-dna-vaccine-encoding-toxoplasma-gondii-rop54-induces-protective-immunity-against-toxoplasmosis-in-mice
#8
Wen-Bin Yang, Dong-Hui Zhou, Yang Zou, Kai Chen, Qing Liu, Jin-Lei Wang, Xing-Quan Zhu, Guang-Hui Zhao
Toxoplasma gondii is an obligatory intracellular protozoan, which infects most of the warm-blooded animals, causing serious public health problems and enormous economic losses worldwide. The rhoptry effector protein 54 (ROP54) has been indicated as a virulence factor that promotes Toxoplasma infection by modulating GBP2 loading onto parasite-containing vacuoles, which can modulate some aspects of the host immune response. In order to evaluate the immuno-protective value of ROP54, we constructed a eukaryotic recombinant plasmid expressing T...
September 18, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935479/progressive-ratio-pr-schedules-and-the-sipometer-do-they-measure-wanting-liking-and-or-reward-a-tribute-to-anthony-sclafani-and-karen-ackroff
#9
H R Kissileff, M Herzog
This paper honors the contributions made by Anthony (Tony) Sclafani and Karen Ackroff to both the Columbia University Seminar on Appetitive Behavior and to the field of ingestive behavior in general. We review their use of the progressive ratio (PR) licking paradigm, to determine whether the taste of sucrose, independent of its post-ingestive effects, is always positively reinforcing in animals. They demonstrated a monotonic increase in licking as concentration increased, and obtained results identical to those obtained with a lever-pressing paradigm, but licking was easier and more natural than lever pressing...
September 18, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934957/phylogenetic-analyses-of-bat-associated-bugs-hemiptera-cimicidae-cimicinae-and-cacodminae-indicate-two-new-species-close-to-cimex-lectularius
#10
Sándor Hornok, Krisztina Szőke, Sándor A Boldogh, Attila D Sándor, Jenő Kontschán, Vuong Tan Tu, Ali Halajian, Nóra Takács, Tamás Görföl, Péter Estók
BACKGROUND: Bats are regarded as the primary (ancestral) hosts of bugs of the family Cimicidae. The historically and economically most important species in the family is the common bedbug (Cimex lectularius), because of its worldwide occurrence and association with humans. This molecular-phylogenetic study was initiated in order to expand the knowledge on the phylogeny of cimicid bugs of bats, by investigating samples from Hungary, Romania (representing central-eastern Europe) and two further countries (South Africa and Vietnam)...
September 21, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934783/serious-adverse-events-associated-with-readmission-through-one-year-after-vertebral-augmentation-with-either-a-polyetheretherketone-implant-or-balloon-kyphoplasty
#11
Douglas P Beall, Jeffrey D Coe, Mark McIlduff, Daniel Bloch, John Hornberger, Christopher Warner, Sean Tutton
BACKGROUND: The KAST (Kiva Safety and Efficacy) investigation device exempt (IDE) study indicated that the majority of patients responded equally well to vertebral augmentation using either an implant-based approach or balloon kyphoplasty (BK). Additional investigation has suggested that a subset of patients may benefit further by avoiding repeated readmissions due to serious adverse events (SAEs) if they receive one vertebral augmentation approach over another. OBJECTIVES: The primary aim was to assess the effect of 2 different augmentation procedures on readmission rates for SAEs...
September 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934516/large-scale-analysis-evaluating-regional-variability-in-the-request-of-laboratory-tests-in-primary-care-and-its-potential-economic-impact
#12
Maria Salinas, Maite López-Garrigós, Emilio Flores, Carlos Leiva-Salinas
Objective: To compare the ratios of requests of aspartate aminotransferase (AST) to alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and urea to creatinine (Crea); to investigate the variability among regions and to calculate the potential savings if a target is reached. Methods: Laboratories were invited to fill out a registration form on the number of AST, ALT, Urea and Crea requested in 2014, and to provide the reagent price of urea and AST. AST:ALT and Urea:Crea were calculated and compared; also compared were potential savings if each laboratory would have reached the target...
August 1, 2017: Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934127/removal-of-phenolic-compounds-from-water-using-sewage-sludge-based-activated-carbon-adsorption-a-review
#13
REVIEW
Nuhu Dalhat Mu'azu, Nabeel Jarrah, Mukarram Zubair, Omar Alagha
Due to their industrial relevance, phenolic compounds (PC) are amongst the most common organic pollutants found in many industrial wastewater effluents. The potential detrimental health and environmental impacts of PC necessitate their removal from wastewater to meet regulatory discharge standards to ensure meeting sustainable development goals. In recent decades, one of the promising, cost-effective and environmentally benign techniques for removal of PC from water streams has been adsorption onto sewage sludge (SS)-based activated carbon (SBAC)...
September 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933328/-local-application-of-tranexamic-acid-in-total-hip-arthroplasty-decreases-blood-loss-and-consumption-of-blood-transfusion
#14
J Lošťák, J Gallo, M Večeřa, J Špička, K Langová
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY The primary aim of our study was to identify the effects of local application of tranexamic acid (TXA, Exacyl) on the amount of postoperative blood loss and blood transfusion requirement in primary total hip arthroplasty. We also recorded the levels of postoperative haemoglobin and its drop in early period after surgery. In each patient, we monitored in detail the incidence of early complications (haematoma, wound exudate). Lastly, the economic aspect of TXA administration was also taken into account...
2017: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933010/economic-evaluation-of-dupilumab-for-the-treatment-of-moderate-to-severe-atopic-dermatitis-in-adults
#15
Andreas Kuznik, Gaëlle Bégo-Le-Bagousse, Laurent Eckert, Abhijit Gadkari, Eric Simpson, Christopher N Graham, LaStella Miles, Vera Mastey, Puneet Mahajan, Sean D Sullivan
INTRODUCTION: Dupilumab significantly improves signs and symptoms of atopic dermatitis (AD), including pruritus, symptoms of anxiety and depression, and health-related quality of life versus placebo in adults with moderate-to-severe AD. Since the cost-effectiveness of dupilumab has not been evaluated, the objective of this analysis was to estimate a value-based price range in which dupilumab would be considered cost-effective compared with supportive care (SC) for treatment of moderate-to-severe AD in an adult population...
September 20, 2017: Dermatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932955/the-sustainable-arable-land-use-pattern-under-the-tradeoff-of-agricultural-production-economic-development-and-ecological-protection-an-analysis-of-dongting-lake-basin-china
#16
Guanyi Yin, Liming Liu, Xilong Jiang
To find a solution regarding sustainable arable land use pattern in the important grain-producing area during the rapid urbanization process, this study combined agricultural production, locational condition, and ecological protection to determine optimal arable land use. Dongting Lake basin, one of the major grain producing areas in China, was chosen as the study area. The analysis of land use transition, the calculation of arable land barycenter, the landscape indices of arable land patches, and the comprehensive evaluation of arable land quality(productivity, economic location, and ecological condition) were adopted in this study...
September 20, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932914/estimating-a-constant-wtp-for-a-qaly-a-mission-impossible
#17
Björn Sund, Mikael Svensson
Economic evaluations are an important input to decision-making and priority-setting in the health care sector. Measuring preferences for health improvements, as the demand-side value (willingness to pay) of gaining a quality-adjusted life year (QALY), is one relevant component in the interpretation of the results from health economic evaluations. Our article addresses whether willingness to pay for a QALY (WTP-Q) is sensitive to the size of the health differences and the probability for improvement. We use data from a contingent valuation survey based on 1400 respondents conducted in the spring of 2014...
September 21, 2017: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932713/antibiotic-resistance-patterns-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-mrsa-isolated-from-livestock-and-associated-farmers-in-anuradhapura-sri-lanka
#18
Jayaweera Arachchige Asela Sampath Jayaweera, Wikum Widuranga Kumbukgolla
INTRODUCTION: The animal husbandry comes to play an important role according to new economic reforms of the rural economy in South Asia including Sri Lanka, and the rural farming community has a poor knowledge about hygienic issues of animal husbandry, which can lead to spread of pathogenic bacterial strains from animals to humans. Our study was conducted to evaluate methicillin susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) colonization and its antimicrobial resistance pattern among livestock (n=188) and related farmers (n=94) in Anuradhapura District, Sri Lanka...
September 2017: Germs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932412/survival-of-porcine-epidemic-diarrhea-virus-pedv-in-thermally-treated-feed-ingredients-and-on-surfaces
#19
Michaela P Trudeau, Harsha Verma, Pedro E Urriola, Fernando Sampedro, Gerald C Shurson, Sagar M Goyal
BACKGROUND: Infection with Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus (PEDV) causes vomiting, diarrhea, and dehydration in young pigs. The virus made its first appearance in the U.S. in 2013, where it caused substantial neonatal mortality and economic losses in the U.S. pork industry. Based on outbreak investigations, it is hypothesized that the virus could be transmitted through contaminated feed or contaminated feed surfaces. This potential risk created a demand for research on the inactivation kinetics of PEDV in different environments...
2017: Porcine Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932112/acute-exacerbations-of-copd-risk-factors-for-failure-and-relapse
#20
REVIEW
Marco Mantero, Paola Rogliani, Marta Di Pasquale, Eva Polverino, Ernesto Crisafulli, Monica Guerrero, Andrea Gramegna, Mario Cazzola, Francesco Blasi
Acute exacerbations are a leading cause of worsening COPD in terms of lung function decline, quality of life, and survival. They also have a relevant economic burden on the health care system. Determining the risk factors for acute exacerbation and early relapse could be a crucial element for a better management of COPD patients. This review analyzes the current knowledge and underlines the main risk factors for recurrent acute exacerbations. Comprehensive evaluation of COPD patients during stable phase and exacerbation could contribute to prevent treatment failure and relapses...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
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