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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334708/-analysis-of-measles-immunity-level-and-serological-susceptibility-among-yunnan-residents-aged-%C3%A2-20-years
#1
Z X Zhao, R R Zhou, L Q Li, W Yu, Q F Li, P Hu
Objective: To evaluate the population immunity to measles and explore the factors associated with measles susceptibility in Yunnan residents aged ≥20 years. Methods: 2 689 residents aged ≥20 years were selected by multistage stratified systematic randomized sampling in 252 villages of 42 counties in Yunnan Province between June and September in 2015. Each subject was surveyed by the same questionnaire, including general information, measles contained vaccine history, measles history, and 5 ml blood sample of each subject was collected...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334556/decoding-grade-b-pancreatic-fistula-a-clinical-and-economical-analysis-and-subclassification-proposal
#2
Laura Maggino, Giuseppe Malleo, Claudio Bassi, Valentina Allegrini, Matthew T McMillan, Alex Borin, Bofeng Chen, Jeffrey A Drebin, Brett L Ecker, Douglas L Fraker, Major K Lee, Salvatore Paiella, Robert E Roses, Roberto Salvia, Charles M Vollmer
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe characteristics and management approaches for grade B pancreatic fistula (B-POPF) and investigate whether it segregates into distinct subclasses. BACKGROUND: The 2016 ISGPS refined definition of B-POPF is predicated on various postoperative management approaches, ranging from prolonged drainage to interventional procedures, but the spectrum of clinical severity within this entity is yet undefined. METHODS: Pancreatectomies performed at 2 institutions from 2007 to 2016 were reviewed to identify B-POPFs and their treatment strategies...
January 12, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334316/potential-therapeutic-and-economic-value-of-risk-stratified-treatment-as-initial-treatment-of-multiple-myeloma-in-europe
#3
Jennifer G Gaultney, Therese W Ng, Carin A Uyl-de Groot, Pieter Sonneveld, Erik H van Beers, Martin H van Vliet, William K Redekop
Biomarkers associated with prognosis in multiple myeloma (MM) can be used to stratify patients into risk categories. An attractive alternative to uniform treatment (UT), risk-stratified treatment (RST) is proposed where high-risk patients receive bortezomib-based regimens while standard-risk patients receive alternative less costly regimens. An early Markov-type decision analytic model evaluated the potential therapeutic and economic value of different RST strategies compared with UT in MM patients in key European countries...
January 15, 2018: Pharmacogenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334034/improved-exogenous-dna-uptake-in-bovine-spermatozoa-and-gene-expression-in-embryos-using-membrane-destabilizing-agents-in-icsi-smgt
#4
Esther Sánchez-Villalba, María Elena Arias, Fabiola Zambrano, Pía Loren, Ricardo Felmer
Sperm-mediated gene transfer (SMGT) is a simple, fast, and economical biotechnological tool for producing transgenic animals. However, transgene expression with this technique in bovine embryos is still inefficient due to low uptake and binding of exogenous DNA in spermatozoa. The present study evaluated the effects of sperm membrane destabilization on the binding capacity, location and quantity of bound exogenous DNA in cryopreserved bovine spermatozoa using Triton X-100 (TX-100), lysolecithin (LL) and sodium hydroxide (NaOH)...
January 15, 2018: Zygote: the Biology of Gametes and Early Embryos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333660/interventions-to-increase-attendance-for-diabetic-retinopathy-screening
#5
REVIEW
John G Lawrenson, Ella Graham-Rowe, Fabiana Lorencatto, Jennifer Burr, Catey Bunce, Jillian J Francis, Patricia Aluko, Stephen Rice, Luke Vale, Tunde Peto, Justin Presseau, Noah Ivers, Jeremy M Grimshaw
BACKGROUND: Despite evidence supporting the effectiveness of diabetic retinopathy screening (DRS) in reducing the risk of sight loss, attendance for screening is consistently below recommended levels. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of the review was to assess the effectiveness of quality improvement (QI) interventions that seek to increase attendance for DRS in people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes.Secondary objectives were:To use validated taxonomies of QI intervention strategies and behaviour change techniques (BCTs) to code the description of interventions in the included studies and determine whether interventions that include particular QI strategies or component BCTs are more effective in increasing screening attendance;To explore heterogeneity in effect size within and between studies to identify potential explanatory factors for variability in effect size;To explore differential effects in subgroups to provide information on how equity of screening attendance could be improved;To critically appraise and summarise current evidence on the resource use, costs and cost effectiveness...
January 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333647/effect-of-sleep-duration-diet-and-physical-activity-on-obesity-and-overweight-elementary-school-students-in-shanghai
#6
Jing Zhang, YunTing Zhang, YanRui Jiang, WanQi Sun, Qi Zhu, Patrick Ip, DongLan Zhang, ShiJian Liu, Chang Chen, Jie Chen, Lei Zhang, Hao Zhang, MingYu Tang, WenFang Dong, YuFeng Wu, Yong Yin, Fan Jiang
BACKGROUND: This was a cross-sectional survey to investigate the relationship of age, parent education, sleep duration, physical activity, and dietary habits with overweight or obesity in school-age children in Shanghai. METHODS: The survey gathered information from 13,001 children in grades 1 through 5 (age 6 to 10 years) among 26 elementary schools in 7 districts. Activity level was evaluated using the International Children's Leisure Activities Study Survey Questionnaire (CLASS-C)...
February 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333600/the-model-of-children-s-social-adjustment-under-the-gender-roles-absence-in-single-parent-families
#7
I-Jun Chen, Hailun Zhang, Bingsi Wei, Zeyao Guo
This study aimed to evaluate the effects of the gender-role types and child-rearing gender-role attitude of the single-parents, as well as their children's gender role traits and family socio-economic status, on social adjustment. We recruited 458 pairs of single parents and their children aged 8-18 by purposive sampling. The research tools included the Family Socio-economic Status Questionnaire, Sex Role Scales, Parental Child-rearing Gender-role Attitude Scale and Social Adjustment Scale. The results indicated: (a) single mothers' and their daughters' feminine traits were both higher than their masculine traits, and sons' masculine traits were higher than their feminine traits; the majority gender-role type of single parents and their children was androgyny; significant differences were found between children's gender-role types depending on different raiser, the proportion of girls' masculine traits raised by single fathers was significantly higher than those who were raised by single mothers; (b) family socio-economic status and single parents' gender-role types positively influenced parental child-rearing gender-role attitude, which in turn, influenced the children's gender traits, and further affected children's social adjustment...
January 14, 2018: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333148/a-pathway-to-national-guidelines-for-laboratory-diagnostics-of-chronic-kidney-disease-examples-from-diverse-european-countries
#8
Vanja Radišić Biljak, Kristin Moberg Aakre, Dogan Yucel, Anne-Sophie Bargnoux, Jean-Paul Cristol, Laurence Piéroni
The principal benefit of guidelines is to improve the quality of care received by patients. In the 2012 Clinical Practice Guideline for the Evaluation and Management of Chronic Kidney Disease (KDIGO) was released and it is designed to provide information and assist decision making. This review gives a brief overview of a various national CKD guidelines that rely on the newly released KDIGO guidelines. All of the included countries (France, Turkey, Norway and Croatia) are non-English speaking countries and they differ in population and socio economic aspects...
December 2017: EJIFCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332613/should-we-tax-unhealthy-food-and-drink
#9
Emma Smith, Peter Scarborough, Mike Rayner, Adam D M Briggs
The global burden of obesity leads to significant morbidity and has major economic implications. In April 2018, Britain will join a growing number of countries attempting to tackle this using fiscal measures when the UK Soft Drinks Industry Levy is introduced. We review recent evidence from natural experiments of the impact of health-related food and drink taxes on consumer behaviour, and discuss the possible consequences of these approaches on purchases and health. We highlight some of the potential indirect consequences and the importance of robust prospective evaluation...
January 15, 2018: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332507/an-evaluation-of-the-impacts-of-changing-firearms-legislation-on-australian-female-firearm-homicide-victimization-rates
#10
Samara McPhedran
Reducing lethal violence against women requires comprehensive measures addressing individual, social, economic, cultural, and situational factors. Regarding situational factors, access to weapons-and firearm access in particular-has received notable research attention. However, most study comes from the United States of America, and findings may not apply elsewhere. The current study examines whether changing gun laws in Australia affected female firearm homicide victimization. Female firearm homicide victimization may have been affected; however, no significant impacts were found for male firearm homicide victimization...
September 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331917/comparision-of-photocatalysis-and-photolysis-processes-for-arsenic-oxidation-in-water
#11
Klaiani B Fontana, Giane G Lenzi, Eriton C R Seára, Eduardo S Chaves
The oxidation of As(III) to As(V) in aqueous solution was evaluated using heterogeneous photocatalysis and photolysis. The influence of TiO2 as catalyst in different crystalline (rutile, anatase) and commercial forms was evaluated in a batch reactor and an insignificant difference was observed between them. The process by photocatalysis reached up to 97% As(III) oxidation and no significant difference was observed comparing to results obtained by photolysis. The photolysis experiments (UV radiation only), also carried out in a batch system, showed a high oxidation rate of As(III) (90% in 20min)...
January 11, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331740/development-and-validation-of-a-new-population-based-simulation-model-of-osteoarthritis-in-new-zealand
#12
Ross Wilson, J Haxby Abbott
OBJECTIVE: To describe the construction and preliminary validation of a new population-based microsimulation model developed to analyse the health and economic burden and cost-effectiveness of treatments for knee osteoarthritis (OA) in New Zealand (NZ). METHOD: We developed the New Zealand Management of Osteoarthritis (NZ-MOA) model, a discrete-time state-transition microsimulation model of the natural history of radiographic knee OA. In this article, we report on the model structure, derivation of input data, validation of baseline model parameters against external data sources, and validation of model outputs by comparison of the predicted population health loss with previous estimates...
January 10, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331471/symposium-review-novel-strategies-to-genetically-improve-mastitis-resistance-in-dairy-cattle
#13
P Martin, H W Barkema, L F Brito, S G Narayana, F Miglior
Mastitis is a disease of major economic importance to the dairy cattle sector because of the high incidence of clinical mastitis and prevalence of subclinical mastitis and, consequently, the costs associated with treatment, production losses, and reduced animal welfare. Disease-recording systems compiling data from a large number of farms are still not widely implemented around the world; thus, selection for mastitis resistance is often based on genetically correlated indicator traits such as somatic cell count (SCC), udder depth, and fore udder attachment...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330607/river-continuity-restoration-and-diadromous-fishes-much-more-than-an-ecological-issue
#14
H Drouineau, C Carter, M Rambonilaza, G Beaufaron, G Bouleau, A Gassiat, P Lambert, S le Floch, S Tétard, E de Oliveira
Ecosystem fragmentation is a serious threat to biodiversity and one of the main challenges in ecosystem restoration. River continuity restoration (RCR) has often targeted diadromous fishes, a group of species supporting strong cultural and economic values and especially sensitive to river fragmentation. Yet it has frequently produced mixed results and diadromous fishes remain at very low levels of abundance. Against this background, this paper presents the main challenges for defining, evaluating and achieving effective RCR...
January 12, 2018: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329656/techno-economic-performance-indicators-of-municipal-solid-waste-collection-strategies
#15
G Bertanza, E Ziliani, L Menoni
Several indicators for the evaluation of the MSW collection systems have been proposed in the literature. These evaluation tools consider only some of the aspects that influence the operational efficiency of the collection service. The aim of this paper is to suggest a set of (easy to calculate) indicators that overcomes this limitation, taking into account both the characteristics of collected waste and the operational - economic performance. The main components of the collection system (labour, vehicles and containers) are separately considered so that it is possible to quantify and compare their role within the whole process...
January 9, 2018: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328182/mechano-optical-modulator-based-on-a-rotating-optical-flat-applied-to-simultaneous-holographic-multiplexing-of-gratings
#16
Jan Matrisch, Stefan Altmeyer
Simultaneous holographic multiplexing methods are used to store multiple holograms concurrently into one holographic volume. Compared to serial exposure, one advantage is the higher processing speed. Additionally, for parallel exposure the different gratings develop in a linear relation to one another, although the developing process itself is nonlinear caused by the holographic photopolymer. A mechano-optical modulator using a rotating optical flat is introduced to enable economic single-shot exposure of centimeter to decimeter-sized holograms utilizing only one laser...
January 10, 2018: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325922/the-cost-effectiveness-of-using-paro-a-therapeutic-robotic-seal-to-reduce-agitation-and-medication-use-in-dementia-findings-from-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Merehau C Mervin, Wendy Moyle, Cindy Jones, Jenny Murfield, Brian Draper, Elizabeth Beattie, David H K Shum, Siobhan O'Dwyer, Lukman Thalib
OBJECTIVES: To examine the within-trial costs and cost-effectiveness of using PARO, compared with a plush toy and usual care, for reducing agitation and medication use in people with dementia in long-term care. DESIGN: An economic evaluation, nested within a cluster-randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Twenty-eight facilities in South-East Queensland, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 415 residents, all aged 60 years or older, with documented diagnoses of dementia...
January 9, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325517/a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-evaluating-the-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-the-daily-mile-on-childhood-obesity-and-wellbeing-the-birmingham-daily-mile-protocol
#18
Katie Breheny, Peymane Adab, Sandra Passmore, James Martin, Emma Lancashire, Karla Hemming, Emma Frew
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity prevention is a public health priority. Children spend a large proportion of their waking time in school; therefore this is an appropriate setting to implement obesity prevention initiatives. Anecdotal reports suggest that implementing The Daily Mile in schools has had positive effects on childhood obesity, academic attainment and wellbeing. This trial aims to measure the effectiveness of The Daily Mile for improving health and wellbeing. METHODS: This protocol describes a cluster randomised controlled trial (RCT) in 40 primary schools located in Birmingham, UK...
January 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325468/does-enhanced-support-for-offenders-effectively-reduce-custodial-violence-and-disruption-an-evaluation-of-the-enhanced-support-service-pilot
#19
Jake Camp, Kerry Joy, Mark Freestone
This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of The Enhanced Support Service (ESS) pilot in reducing custodial violence and disruption, and the associated costs, by observing the behavioural change of the 35 service users who participated in ESS intervention within its first 22 months of operation. Frequencies of recorded incidents of aggressive behaviours, self-harming behaviours, noncompliance, and positive behaviours were counted from routine administrative systems using a coding structure developed in previous studies...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325012/systematic-review-of-the-cost-effectiveness-of-transcatheter-interventions-for-valvular-heart-disease
#20
Gialama Fotini, Prezerakos Panagiotis, Apostolopoulos Vasilis, Nikolaos Maniadakis
Objectives: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and transcatheter mitral valve repair (TMVR) are increasingly used for managing patients with valvular heart disease to whom surgery presents a high-risk. As these are costly procedures, a systematic review of studies concerned with their economic assessment was undertaken. Methods: The search was performed in PubMed and the Cochrane Library and followed recommended methodological steps. Studies were screened and their data were retrieved and were synthesized using a narrative approach...
January 9, 2018: European Heart Journal. Quality of Care & Clinical Outcomes
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