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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924349/aesthetic-journeys-a-review-of-cosmetic-surgery-tourism
#1
Ryan Terence Pereira, Carmel M Malone, Gerard T Flaherty
Background: Medical tourism has witnessed significant growth in recent years. The emerging trend towards international travel for cosmetic surgical interventions has not previously been reviewed. The current review aims to critically address the scale and impact of cosmetic surgical tourism and to delineate the complication profile of this form of medical tourism. Methods: Articles published in the English language on the PubMed database that were relevant to surgical tourism and the complications of elective surgical procedures abroad were examined...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924312/the-internal-consistency-and-validity-of-the-vaccination-attitudes-examination-scale-a-replication-study
#2
Louise Wood, Michael Smith, Christopher B Miller, Ronan E O'Carroll
Background: Vaccinations are important preventative health behaviors. The recently developed Vaccination Attitudes Examination (VAX) Scale aims to measure the reasons behind refusal/hesitancy regarding vaccinations. Purpose: The aim of this replication study is to conduct an independent test of the newly developed VAX Scale in the UK. We tested (a) internal consistency (Cronbach's α); (b) convergent validity by assessing its relationships with beliefs about medication, medical mistrust, and perceived sensitivity to medicines; and (c) construct validity by testing how well the VAX Scale discriminated between vaccinators and nonvaccinators...
June 19, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922684/welfare-effects-of-the-use-of-a-combination-of-local-anesthesia-and-nsaid-for-disbudding-analgesia-in-dairy-calves-reviewed-across-different-welfare-concerns
#3
REVIEW
Mette S Herskin, Bodil H Nielsen
Across the international dairy industry, the vast majority of dairy herds have dehorned cows. Farmers choose to dehorn calves for different reasons such as easier handling of non-horned cattle and reduced risk of injuries in animals and staff. This review focuses on disbudding by use of hot-iron cautery as is practiced by dairy farmers in calves <3 months of age. We examine welfare effects of the use of NSAIDs in combination with a local anesthetic including indicators relevant for the three major welfare concerns-affective states, basic health, and functioning as well as the possibility to behave naturally...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922616/detection-of-pseudocyst-forms-of-trichomonas-muris-in-rodents-from-iran
#4
Zabiholah Zarei, Mehdi Mohebali, Khadijeh Khanaliha, Eshrat Beigom Kia, Afsaneh Motevalli Haghi, Zahra Heidari, Tahereh Rezaeian, Mostafa Rezaeian
Background: Trichomonas muris is one of the most common protozoa diagnosed in rodents. The trichomonads are generally described as presenting only trophozoite form while pseudocyst is another morphological form of trichomonads identified among gastrointestinal and genitourinary trichomonads. We identified and described different shapes of T. muris pseudocysts and trophozoite in stool samples were collected from rodents including Merinos persicus , Mus musculus and Cricetulus migratorius ...
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914421/-if-we-re-here-it-s-only-because-we-have-no-money%C3%A2-discrimination-and-violence-in-mexican-maternity-wards
#5
Rosario Valdez Santiago, Luz Arenas Monreal, Anabel Rojas Carmona, Mario Sánchez Domínguez
BACKGROUND: Structural and gender violence in Mexico take on various forms, obstetric violence among them. The objective of our study consisted in analyzing experiences of structural and gender discrimination against women during childbirth care at two public hospitals in Mexico. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional mixed methods study including a survey of closed questions administered to all women who received health care for vaginal or cesarean childbirth at two public hospitals from May 7 to June 7, 2012 (N = 512)...
June 18, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914395/factors-promoting-or-inhibiting-normal-birth
#6
Samantha J Prosser, Adrian G Barnett, Yvette D Miller
BACKGROUND: In response to rising rates of medical intervention in birth, there has been increased international interest in promoting normal birth (without induction of labour, epidural/spinal/general anaesthesia, episiotomy, forceps/vacuum, or caesarean section). However, there is limited evidence for how best to achieve increased rates of normal birth. In this study we examined the role of modifiable and non-modifiable factors in experiencing a normal birth using retrospective, self-reported data...
June 18, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910139/development-and-initial-validation-of-the-appropriate-antibiotic-use-self-efficacy-scale
#7
Erin M Hill, Kaitlin Watkins
OBJECTIVE: While there are various medication self-efficacy scales that exist, none assess self-efficacy for appropriate antibiotic use. The Appropriate Antibiotic Use Self-Efficacy Scale (AAUSES) was developed, pilot tested, and its psychometric properties were examined. METHODS: Following pilot testing of the scale, a 28-item questionnaire was examined using a sample (n = 289) recruited through the Amazon Mechanical Turk platform. Participants also completed other scales and items, which were used in assessing discriminant, convergent, and criterion-related validity...
June 4, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908767/a-qualitative-cross-sectional-study-of-positive-and-negative-comments-of-residency-programs-across-9-medical-and-surgical-specialties
#8
Brittany O Dulmage, Lisa Akintilo, Leah J Welty, Matthew M Davis, Maria Colavincenzo, Shuai Xu
IMPORTANCE: Residency applicants often use social media to discuss the positive and negative features of prospective training programs. An examination of the content discussed by applicants could provide guidance for how medical education faculty can better engage with prospective trainees and adapt to meet the educational expectations of a new generation of digital-native physicians. OBJECTIVE: To identify unstructured social media data submitted by residency applicants and categorize positive and negative statements to determine key themes DESIGN: Qualitative analysis of a retrospective cohort SETTING: Publically available data sets PARTICIPANTS: Anonymized medical trainees applying to residency training positions in nine specialties: dermatology, general surgery, internal medicine, obstetrics/gynecology, plastic surgery, otolaryngology, physical medicine and rehabilitation, pediatrics, and radiology from 2007 to 2017...
June 14, 2018: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906268/combined-international-external-quality-assessment-results-of-medical-laboratory-performance-and-reporting-of-samples-with-known-antimicrobial-resistance
#9
Michael A Noble, Robert Rennie
BACKGROUND: Reporting on the presence of antimicrobial resistance is of considerable concern both for individual patient care and for understanding the underlying health status within the community at large. Antimicrobial resistance is solely dependent upon clinical laboratory detection and thus can be impacted upon by the quality and competence of medical laboratories. Proficiency testing or external quality assessment (PT/EQA) is the international standard for the direct measurement of medical laboratory performance on critical testing...
June 15, 2018: Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906218/associations-between-parenting-stress-at-school-entry-and-later-psychosocial-adjustment-a-longitudinal-study-of-children-with-congenital-craniofacial-anomalies
#10
Emily D Wolodiger, Alice W Pope
OBJECTIVE: To examine the reciprocal relationships between parenting stress and psychosocial adjustment of children with congenital craniofacial anomalies (CFAs) at 2 time points: school entry and approximately 2.5 years later, after children had time to adjust to school. DESIGN: Retrospective review of medical charts of children with CFAs. SETTING: Department of reconstructive plastic surgery at an urban medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Parents of 42 children aged 3...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904370/vitamin-d-supplementation-guidelines-for-general-population-and-groups-at-risk-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-in-poland-recommendations-of-the-polish-society-of-pediatric-endocrinology-and-diabetes-and-the-expert-panel-with-participation-of-national-specialist-consultants
#11
REVIEW
Agnieszka Rusińska, Paweł Płudowski, Mieczysław Walczak, Maria K Borszewska-Kornacka, Artur Bossowski, Danuta Chlebna-Sokół, Justyna Czech-Kowalska, Anna Dobrzańska, Edward Franek, Ewa Helwich, Teresa Jackowska, Maria A Kalina, Jerzy Konstantynowicz, Janusz Książyk, Andrzej Lewiński, Jacek Łukaszkiewicz, Ewa Marcinowska-Suchowierska, Artur Mazur, Izabela Michałus, Jarosław Peregud-Pogorzelski, Hanna Romanowska, Marek Ruchała, Piotr Socha, Mieczysław Szalecki, Mirosław Wielgoś, Danuta Zwolińska, Arkadiusz Zygmunt
Introduction: Vitamin D deficiency is an important public health problem worldwide. Vitamin D deficiency confers a significant risk for both skeletal and non-skeletal disorders and a number of lifelong negative health outcomes. The objectives of this evidence-based guidelines document are to provide health care professionals in Poland, an updated recommendation for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of vitamin D deficiency. Methods: A systematic literature search examining the prevention and treatment strategies for vitamin D deficiency was conducted...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903002/how-do-patient-demographics-time-related-variables-reasons-for-cancellation-and-clinical-procedures-affect-frequency-of-same-day-operating-room-surgery-cancelation-a-maximum-likelihood-method
#12
Omar B Da'ar, Talal Al-Mutairi
BACKGROUND: Cancelation of same-day surgery is a common global problem, wasting valuable hospitals' operating room (OR) times and imposing significant economic costs. There is limited evidence to support the association between frequency of same-day surgery cancelation and patient demographics, time-related variables, healthcare provider reasons for cancelation, and clinical procedures in Saudi Arabia. The aim of this study was to explore this relationship, providing an understanding of the local context...
June 15, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902821/lithium-clinics-in-berlin-and-dresden-a-50-year-experience
#13
Werner Felber, Michael Bauer, Ute Lewitzka, Bruno Müller-Oerlinghausen
Although lithium's serendipitous discovery as a medication for depression dates back more than 200 years, the first scientific evidence that it prevents mania and depression arose only in the 1960s. However, at that time there was a lack of knowledge about how to administer and monitor lithium therapy safely and properly. The lithium clinics in Dresden and Berlin were remarkably similar in their beginnings in the late 1960s regarding patient numbers and scientific expertise without being aware of one another due to the Iron Curtain separating Germany into a western and eastern part until 1990...
June 14, 2018: Pharmacopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902040/integrated-care-models-for-adhd-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#14
Jeffrey D Shahidullah, John S Carlson, Danielle Haggerty, Blake M Lancaster
INTRODUCTION: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents is commonly managed in primary care. Changes in United States health care have led to the integration of behavioral health services within a patient's "medical home" to improve access to, engagement in, and continuity of quality health care. Despite proliferation of these integrated care models, no studies have specifically examined models for managing ADHD in children and adolescents within primary care...
June 2018: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901602/sudden-deaths-from-positional-asphyxia-a-case-report
#15
Sigitas Chmieliauskas, Eimantas Mundinas, Dmitrij Fomin, Gerda Andriuskeviciute, Sigitas Laima, Eleonora Jurolaic, Jurgita Stasiuniene, Algimantas Jasulaitis
RATIONALE: Positional asphyxia is a rare cause of sudden death and a difficult diagnosis, based mostly on the circumstances of the incident, along with particular external and internal findings, frequent in asphyxia (signs of sudden death). PATIENT CONCERNS: In this report, we are describing one case of adult who was found positioned in a way that led to eventual asphyxiation. DIAGNOSES: The final diagnosis of positional asphyxia was determined after the autopsy...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895288/registered-or-unregistered-levels-and-differentials-in-registration-and-certification-of-births-in-ghana
#16
Fidelia A A Dake, Kamil Fuseini
BACKGROUND: The birth of a child is a vital event that needs to be registered but this is not always the case as an estimated 40 million births go unregistered annually. Birth registration safeguards the basic rights of children and gives them an identity, citizenship/nationality and legal protection against violence, abuse and human rights violations. It is therefore necessary that all births are registered and even more critical that the registration of a birth is followed by the issuance of a birth certificate...
June 13, 2018: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888336/pharmacogenomic-studies-of-hypertension-paving-the-way-for-personalized-antihypertensive-treatment
#17
Michael T Eadon, Sri H Kanuri, Arlene B Chapman
Introduction: Increasing clinical evidence supports the implementation of genotyping for anti-hypertensive drug dosing and selection. Despite robust evidence gleaned from clinical trials, the translation of genotype guided therapy into clinical practice faces significant challenges. Challenges to implementation include the small effect size of individual variants and the polygenetic nature of antihypertensive drug response, a lack of expert consensus on dosing guidelines even without genetic information, and proper definition of major antihypertensive drug toxicities...
2018: Expert Review of Precision Medicine and Drug Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887231/the-impact-of-a-medication-record-sharing-program-among-diabetes-patients-under-a-single-payer-system-the-role-of-inquiry-rate
#18
Jin-Hung Lin, Shou-Hsia Cheng
OBJECTIVE: Taiwan's single health insurer introduced a medication record exchange platform, the PharmaCloud program, in 2013. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of the medication record inquiry rate on medication duplication among patients with diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective pre-post design with a comparison group was conducted using nationwide health insurance claim data of diabetic patients from 2013 to 2014. Patients whose medication record inquiry rate fell within the upper 25th percentile were classified as the high-inquiry group, and the others as the low-inquiry group...
August 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887161/lrp10-genetic-variants-in-familial-parkinson-s-disease-and-dementia-with-lewy-bodies-a-genome-wide-linkage-and-sequencing-study
#19
Marialuisa Quadri, Wim Mandemakers, Martyna M Grochowska, Roy Masius, Hanneke Geut, Edito Fabrizio, Guido J Breedveld, Demy Kuipers, Michelle Minneboo, Leonie J M Vergouw, Ana Carreras Mascaro, Ekaterina Yonova-Doing, Erik Simons, Tianna Zhao, Alessio B Di Fonzo, Hsiu-Chen Chang, Piero Parchi, Marta Melis, Leonor Correia Guedes, Chiara Criscuolo, Astrid Thomas, Rutger W W Brouwer, Daphne Heijsman, Angela M T Ingrassia, Giovanna Calandra Buonaura, Janneke P Rood, Sabina Capellari, Annemieke J Rozemuller, Marianna Sarchioto, Hsin Fen Chien, Nicola Vanacore, Simone Olgiati, Yah-Huei Wu-Chou, Tu-Hsueh Yeh, Agnita J W Boon, Susanne E Hoogers, Mehrnaz Ghazvini, Arne S IJpma, Wilfred F J van IJcken, Marco Onofrj, Paolo Barone, David J Nicholl, Andreas Puschmann, Michele De Mari, Anneke J Kievit, Egberto Barbosa, Giuseppe De Michele, Danielle Majoor-Krakauer, John C van Swieten, Frank J de Jong, Joaquim J Ferreira, Giovanni Cossu, Chin-Song Lu, Giuseppe Meco, Pietro Cortelli, Wilma D J van de Berg, Vincenzo Bonifati
BACKGROUND: Most patients with Parkinson's disease, Parkinson's disease dementia, and dementia with Lewy bodies do not carry mutations in known disease-causing genes. The aim of this study was to identify a novel gene implicated in the development of these disorders. METHODS: Our study was done in three stages. First, we did genome-wide linkage analysis of an Italian family with dominantly inherited Parkinson's disease to identify the disease locus. Second, we sequenced the candidate gene in an international multicentre series of unrelated probands who were diagnosed either clinically or pathologically with Parkinson's disease, Parkinson's disease dementia, or dementia with Lewy bodies...
June 6, 2018: Lancet Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29885169/diagnostic-accuracy-study-of-internal-assessment-using-receiver-operator-characteristic-curve-analysis
#20
Khadija Qamar, Muhammad Alamgir Khan, Sadaf Saleem
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether internal assessment as a part of continuous assessment links to the outcome of the final summative assessment. METHODS: The diagnostic accuracy study was conducted at Army Medical College, Rawalpindi, Pakistan, from November 2015 to July 2016, and comprised medical students of 2nd year. Different teaching methods used were interactive lectures, case-based sessions, demonstrations, small group discussions, skill lab and practicals. Other confounding factors were not considered...
May 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
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