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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326103/understanding-the-complex-relationship-between-critical-thinking-and-science-reasoning-among-undergraduate-thesis-writers
#1
Jason E Dowd, Robert J Thompson, Leslie A Schiff, Julie A Reynolds
Developing critical-thinking and scientific reasoning skills are core learning objectives of science education, but little empirical evidence exists regarding the interrelationships between these constructs. Writing effectively fosters students' development of these constructs, and it offers a unique window into studying how they relate. In this study of undergraduate thesis writing in biology at two universities, we examine how scientific reasoning exhibited in writing (assessed using the Biology Thesis Assessment Protocol) relates to general and specific critical-thinking skills (assessed using the California Critical Thinking Skills Test), and we consider implications for instruction...
2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290922/gestational-diabetes-from-a-to-z
#2
REVIEW
AbdelHameed Mirghani Dirar, John Doupis
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is defined as any degree of hyperglycaemia that is recognized for the first time during pregnancy. This definition includes cases of undiagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) identified early in pregnancy and true GDM which develops later. GDM constitutes a greater impact on diabetes epidemic as it carries a major risk of developing T2DM to the mother and foetus later in life. In addition, GDM has also been linked with cardiometabolic risk factors such as lipid abnormalities, hypertensive disorders and hyperinsulinemia...
December 15, 2017: World Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285002/historical-contribution-of-pharmaceutics-to-botany-and-pharmacognosy-development
#3
REVIEW
Lejla Zunic, Armin Skrbo, Amra Dobraca
Introduction: Pharmacy and medicine belong to the oldest human activities, so the development of these sciences is closely related to the socio-economic, cultural and religious opportunities of the nations within which they have been developing. Goals: To present the historical influence of pharmacy on the development of the human being from its very beginning; To present the historical link between pharmaceutical and medical activity, as well as early development of independent pharmaceutical activity; To present the historical influence of pharmacists on the development of botany and pharmacognosy and to present the historical influence of the first written herbarium and incunabula on the development of pharmacognosy...
December 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284031/perceptions-of-scientific-research-literature-and-strategies-for-reading-papers-depend-on-academic-career-stage
#4
Katharine E Hubbard, Sonja D Dunbar
Reading primary research literature is an essential skill for all scientists and students on science degree programmes, however little is known about how researchers at different career stages interact with and interpret scientific papers. To explore this, we conducted a survey of 260 undergraduate students and researchers in Biological Sciences at a research intensive UK university. Responses to Likert scale questions demonstrated increases in confidence and skill with reading the literature between individuals at each career stage, including between postdoctoral researchers and faculty academics...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281916/writing-for-publication-sharing-your-clinical-knowledge-and-skills
#5
Cate Wood
Clinical nurses are ideally placed to write for publication in addition to those who work in academia who have this as an accepted part of their role. Nurses generate new evidence from their work in practice by carrying out research and audits and being involved in practice development projects, for example. This resource of knowledge needs to be shared with others, ideally in an international arena so that nurses can learn from each other. Nursing in the United Kingdom is now an all graduate profession and many nurses go on to study at both Masters and PhD level, providing writing from all levels of academic study that can be adapted for publication...
January 2, 2018: British Journal of Community Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275572/-how-to-write-and-publish-a-scientific-article-in-stomatology
#6
X J Gao
The general principles and key points in writing of a scientific article in stomatology were interpreted based on the national guideline and the author's personal experiences in the present article. Efforts should be made by the authors focusing on core information, refinement and description of their papers. In the second half of the article, the general process of paper review was introduced. The article also gave suggestions on how to response to the reviewers' questions. It is well recognized that a good scientific journal was created by good authors, good reviewers and good editors...
December 9, 2017: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219076/-it-takes-more-than-a-fellowship-program-reflections-on-capacity-strengthening-for-health-systems-research-in-sub-saharan-africa
#7
EDITORIAL
Chimaraoke O Izugbara, Caroline W Kabiru, Djesika Amendah, Zacharie Tsala Dimbuene, Hermann Pythagore Pierre Donfouet, Esso-Hanam Atake, Marie-Gloriose Ingabire, Stephen Maluka, Joyce N Mumah, Matilu Mwau, Mollyne Ndinya, Kenneth Ngure, Estelle M Sidze, Charles Sossa, Abdramane Soura, Alex C Ezeh
Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) experiences an acute dearth of well-trained and skilled researchers. This dearth constrains the region's capacity to identify and address the root causes of its poor social, health, development, and other outcomes. Building sustainable research capacity in SSA requires, among other things, locally led and run initiatives that draw on existing regional capacities as well as mutually beneficial global collaborations. This paper describes a regional research capacity strengthening initiative-the African Doctoral Dissertation Research Fellowship (ADDRF) program...
December 4, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199907/gaydar-marriage-and-rip-roaring-homosexuals-discourses-about-homosexuality-in-dear-abby-and-ann-landers-advice-columns-1967-1982
#8
Patrick M Johnson, Kwame A Holmes
Over the past 70 years, the history of acceptance of the Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual (LGB) community within the United States has seen much change and fluctuation. One of the places that this dialogue has been preserved is through the syndicated advice columns of Dear Abby and Ann Landers, in which individuals in the United States were writing in for advice to deal with their anxiety over a newly emerging and highly visible new community of individuals once considered to be mentally ill and dangerous. Using discourse analysis, this article traces the evolution of public and scientific opinions about the LGBT community during the years leading up to the Stonewall riots all the way to right before the AIDs epidemic...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198234/cajal-psychologist-of-science
#9
Nuria Anaya-Reig, Manuela Romo
This paper presents abundant empirical evidence to support the view that Santiago Ramón y Cajal was a pioneer of the emerging Psychology of Science discipline. Narrative analysis of his autobiography (Recollections of my Life) and some of his unspecialized works (Advice for a Young Investigator, The World from an Eighty-Year-Old's Point of View, and Café Chats) revealed that the Spanish histologist's interest in the psychology of scientists was part and parcel of a high-level, intellectual self-regulation strategy he applied on his path to success...
December 4, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188571/computational-support-of-medicinal-chemistry-in-industrial-settings
#10
Daniel F Ortwine
The practice of computational chemistry in an industrial setting poses unique opportunities and challenges. Industrial computational chemists must manage large amounts of data, master modeling software, write scripts to perform custom calculations, and stay abreast of scientific advances in the field. Just as importantly, because computational chemists are full partners in the drug discovery effort at companies, in order to influence and streamline the drug discovery process, they must communicate effectively with medicinal chemists and other scientists to deliver results of their calculations in a timely fashion...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178605/records-improved-reporting-of-monte-carlo-radiation-transport-studies-report-of-the-aapm-research-committee-task-group-268
#11
Ioannis Sechopoulos, David W O Rogers, Magdalena Bazalova-Carter, Wesley E Bolch, Emily C Heath, Michael F McNitt-Gray, Josep Sempau, Jeffrey F Williamson
Studies involving Monte Carlo simulations are common in both diagnostic and therapy medical physics research, as well as other fields of basic and applied science. As with all experimental studies, the conditions and parameters used for Monte Carlo simulations impact their scope, validity, limitations and generalizability. Unfortunately, many published peer-reviewed articles involving Monte Carlo simulations do not provide the level of detail needed for the reader to be able to properly assess the quality of the simulations...
November 27, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177187/increasing-research-productivity-and-professional-development-in-psychology-with-a-writing-retreat
#12
Ian H Stanley, Melanie A Hom, Carol Chu, Thomas E Joiner
Writing is a core feature of the training requirements and career demands of psychology faculty members and graduate students. Within academic psychology, specifically, writing is vital for the generation of scientific knowledge through manuscripts and grant applications. Although resources exist regarding how to improve one's writing skills, few models have been described regarding how to promote a culture of writing productivity that realizes tangible deliverables, such as manuscripts and grant applications...
September 2017: Scholarship of Teaching and Learning in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172967/a-comprehensive-analysis-of-italian-web-pages-mentioning-squalene-based-influenza-vaccine-adjuvants-reveals-a-high-prevalence-of-misinformation
#13
Donatella Panatto, Daniela Amicizia, Lucia Arata, Piero Luigi Lai, Roberto Gasparini
Squalene-based adjuvants have been included in influenza vaccines since 1997. Despite several advantages of adjuvanted seasonal and pandemic influenza vaccines, laypeople's perception of such formulations may be hesitant or even negative under certain circumstances. Moreover, in Italian, the term "squalene" has the same root as such common words as "shark" (squalo), "squalid" and "squalidness" that tend to have negative connotations. This study aimed to quantitatively and qualitatively analyze a representative sample of Italian web pages mentioning squalene-based adjuvants used in influenza vaccines...
November 27, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166691/-emil-kraepelin-s-time-in-dorpat-did-this-stay-made-marks-in-russian-and-soviet-psychiatry
#14
Birk Engmann, Holger Steinberg
In Russia, German psychiatrist Emil Kraepelin (1856-1926) is regarded as an influential and famous personality in the history of the field. This study discusses whether it was his period in the Russian Empire in the years 1886 to 1891 when he worked at Dorpat University (today Tartu, Estonia) that raised his popularity in Russia. Our research shows that all of his writings which had been translated into Russian language derive from a period much later than Dorpat. Moreover, none of his students has ever reached a scientific position which would have enabled him to become a proponent of Kraepelin's ideas in Russia...
November 2017: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166127/bat-biology-genomes-and-the-bat1k-project-to-generate-chromosome-level-genomes-for-all-living-bat-species
#15
Emma Teeling, Sonja Vernes, Liliana M Davalos, David A Ray, M Thomas P Gilbert, Eugene Myers, Bat K Consortium
Bats are unique among mammals, possessing some of the rarest mammalian adaptations, including true self-powered flight, laryngeal echolocation, exceptional longevity, unique immunity, contracted genomes, and vocal learning. They provide key ecosystem services, pollinating tropical plants, dispersing seeds, and controlling insect pest populations, thus driving healthy ecosystems. They account for more than 20% of all living mammalian diversity, and their crown-group evolutionary history dates back to the Eocene...
November 20, 2017: Annual Review of Animal Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160351/writing-scientific-manuscripts-most-common-mistakes
#16
Jorge Faber
I have had the privilege of serving as editor-in-chief for 11 years of two scientific journals: The Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics and the Journal of the World Federation of Orthodontists. I had the opportunity to read and correct thousands of manuscripts. This experience was greatly enriching, because reading a text professionally completely differs from the perspective of readers in general. The routine practice of correcting manuscripts has made me realize that some errors recur frequently. To help authors to improve their manuscripts before submission, these problems are discussed here in the order that they appear in conventional manuscript sections...
September 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152516/how-do-i-write-a-scientific-article-a-personal-perspective
#17
Giuseppe Lippi
Scientific writing is not an easy task. Although there is no single and universally agreed strategy for assembling a successful scientific article, it is undeniable that some basic notions, gathered after decades of experience, may help increasing the chance of acceptance of a scientific manuscript. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to present a personal and arbitrary perspective on how to write a scientific article, entailing a tentative flowchart and a checklist describing the most important aspects characterizing each section of the manuscript...
October 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142381/nursing-management-of-adults-with-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-a-narrative-review
#18
REVIEW
Roseminu Varghese, Jyothi Chakrabarty, Girish Menon
Effective nursing management strategies for adults with severe traumatic brain injury (STBI) are still a remarkable issue and a difficult task for neurologists, neurosurgeons, and neuronurses. A list of justified indications and scientific rationale for nursing management of these patients are continuously evolving. The objectives of the study are to analyze the pertinently available research and clinical studies that demonstrate the nursing management strategies for adults with STBI and to synthesize the available evidence based on the review...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141480/benchmarking-for-research-related-competencies-a-curricular-mapping-approach-at-medical-faculties-in-germany
#19
Maria Lammerding-Koeppel, Olaf Fritze, Marianne Giesler, Elisabeth Narciss, Sandra Steffens, Annette Wosnik, Jan Griewatz
OBJECTIVES: Internationally, scientific and research-related competencies need to be sufficiently targeted as core outcomes in many undergraduate medical curricula. Since 2015, standards have been recommended for Germany in the National Competency-based Learning Objective Catalogue in Medicine (NKLM). The aim of this study is to develop a multi-center mapping approach for curricular benchmarking against national standards and against other medical faculties. METHOD: A total of 277 faculty members from four German medical faculties have mapped the local curriculum against the scientific and research-related NKLM objectives, using consented procedures, metrics, and tools...
November 16, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130332/book-review-how-not-to-write-a-medical-paper-heinemann-markus-k-how-not-to-write-a-medical-paper-uttar-pradesh-thieme-medical-and-scientific-2016-paperback-illustrated-104-pages-10-99
#20
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