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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317490/speculative-considerations-about-some-cardiology-enigmas
#1
Paulo Roberto Barbosa Evora, Andre Schmidt, Livia Arcêncio, José Antonio Marin-Neto
Write a review text or point-of-view that takes into account the interests, if not of all, but of most readers of a scientific journal is an arduous task. The editorial can be grounded in published articles, even in a single article of undeniable importance and, it can also represent a trend of specialty. Therefore, especially for the sake of the reader's motivation, the present text was freely designed to discuss some cardiology enigmas in the context of the heart valve and coronary artery disease (CAD). Concerning the CAD five well-known enigmas will be considered: 1) The absence of arteriosclerosis in intramyocardial coronary arteries; 2) The unique and always confirmed superior evolution of the left internal thoracic artery as a coronary graft; 3) The prophylactic left internal thoracic artery graft in mildly-stenosed coronary lesions, and; 4) The high incidence of perioperative atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with CAD, and; 5) The handling of disease-free saphenous vein graft at the time of reoperation...
March 17, 2017: Current Cardiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302053/a-fast-and-efficient-python-library-for-interfacing-with-the-biological-magnetic-resonance-data-bank
#2
Andrey Smelter, Morgan Astra, Hunter N B Moseley
BACKGROUND: The Biological Magnetic Resonance Data Bank (BMRB) is a public repository of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopic data of biological macromolecules. It is an important resource for many researchers using NMR to study structural, biophysical, and biochemical properties of biological macromolecules. It is primarily maintained and accessed in a flat file ASCII format known as NMR-STAR. While the format is human readable, the size of most BMRB entries makes computer readability and explicit representation a practical requirement for almost any rigorous systematic analysis...
March 17, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301418/in-the-beginning-there-is-the-introduction-and-your-study-hypothesis
#3
Thomas R Vetter, Edward J Mascha
Writing a manuscript for a medical journal is very akin to writing a newspaper article-albeit a scholarly one. Like any journalist, you have a story to tell. You need to tell your story in a way that is easy to follow and makes a compelling case to the reader. Although recommended since the beginning of the 20th century, the conventional Introduction-Methods-Results-And-Discussion (IMRAD) scientific reporting structure has only been the standard since the 1980s. The Introduction should be focused and succinct in communicating the significance, background, rationale, study aims or objectives, and the primary (and secondary, if appropriate) study hypotheses...
March 15, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299908/the-drugage-database-of-aging-related-drugs
#4
Diogo Barardo, Daniel Thornton, Harikrishnan Thoppil, Michael Walsh, Samim Sharifi, Susana Ferreira, Andreja Anžič, Maria Fernandes, Patrick Monteiro, Tjaša Grum, Rui Cordeiro, Evandro Araújo De-Souza, Arie Budovsky, Natali Araujo, Jan Gruber, Michael Petrascheck, Vadim E Fraifeld, Alexander Zhavoronkov, Alexey Moskalev, João Pedro de Magalhães
Aging is a major worldwide medical challenge. Not surprisingly, identifying drugs and compounds that extend lifespan in model organisms is a growing research area. Here, we present DrugAge (http://genomics.senescence.info/drugs/), a curated database of lifespan-extending drugs and compounds. At the time of writing, DrugAge contains 1316 entries featuring 418 different compounds from studies across 27 model organisms, including worms, flies, yeast and mice. Data were manually curated from 324 publications. Using drug-gene interaction data, we also performed a functional enrichment analysis of targets of lifespan-extending drugs...
March 16, 2017: Aging Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293328/launching-of-ijtmb-writing-mentorship-program
#5
EDITORIAL
Ann Blair Kennedy
Having a formalized mechanism for linking novice authors and experienced authors can assist budding writers. Scientific writing is a skill that many practitioners are not taught in school as this type of writing is not generally used in clinical practice. Many of the submissions to the Journal come from authors with a wealth of clinical experience but who lack scientific writing experience; moreover, while the information contained therein is interesting, the articles frequently require extensive re-writes/editing to attain a quality that is publishable...
March 2017: International Journal of Therapeutic Massage & Bodywork
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285584/stylistic-features-of-case-reports-as-a-genre-of-medical-discourse
#6
Yuliia Lysanets, Halyna Morokhovets, Olena Bieliaieva
BACKGROUND: The present paper discusses the lexical and grammatical peculiarities of English language medical case reports, taking into account their communicative purposes and intentions. METHODS: The objective of the research is to clarify the principal mechanisms of producing an effective English language medical case report and thus to provide recommendations and guidelines for medical professionals who will deal with this genre. The analysis of medical case reports will largely focus on the most significant linguistic peculiarities, such as the use of active and passive voice, the choice of particular verb tenses, and pronouns...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278120/new-gmo-regulations-for-old-determining-a-new-future-for-eu-crop-biotechnology
#7
John Davison, Klaus Ammann
In this review, current EU GMO regulations are subjected to a point-by point analysis to determine their suitability for agriculture in modern Europe. Our analysis concerns present GMO regulations as well as suggestions for possible new regulations for genome editing and New Breeding Techniques (for which no regulations presently exist). Firstly, the present GMO regulations stem from the early days of recombinant DNA and are not adapted to current scientific understanding on this subject. Scientific understanding of GMOs has changed and these regulations are now, not only unfit for their original purpose, but, the purpose itself is now no longer scientifically valid...
January 2, 2017: GM Crops & Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257977/review-of-antidiabetic-fruits-vegetables-beverages-oils-and-spices-commonly-consumed-in-the-diet
#8
REVIEW
Maliheh Najari Beidokhti, Anna K Jäger
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes and its prevalence is rapidly increasing throughout the world. Modifications of lifestyle such as suitable diet and exercise programs along with pharmacotherapy and education of patients are beneficial therapies for patients with type 2 diabetes. The ethnopharmacological use of herbal medicines, many of them part of our diet as spices, vegetables and fruits, has been developed for the treatment of diabetes due to inexpensiveness, easy availability and few side effects...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252442/latin-as-a-language-of-international-communicative-status-medicine-of-the-16th-17th-centuries
#9
O Bieliaieva, Yu Lysanets, M Melaschenko
The research paper is of interdisciplinary nature, written at the crossroads of the history of medicine, functional stylistics and terminology science. The choice of the 16th century as a starting point of the study is due to the fact that quality changes in book and manuscript writing that took place during this period led to unprecedented development and dissemination of scientific knowledge, including biomedical. The 16th century embraces the life and work of such prominent figures in the history of medicine, as Andreas Vesalius, Gabriele Fallopian, Bartolomeo Eustachi, and Girolamo Fracastoro...
January 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249737/historical-documents-on-epilepsy-from-antiquity-through-the-20th-century
#10
REVIEW
Christos P Panteliadis, Photios Vassilyadi, Julia Fehlert, Christian Hagel
Historical documents dating back almost 4500years have alluded to the condition of epilepsy, describing signs and symptoms that are well-known today. Epilepsy was thought to be a mystical disorder by almost all Ancient cultures, including the Babylonians, Egyptians, Greeks, Indians, Iranians and Chinese. Hippocrates was the first to de-mystify the condition of epilepsy, providing a more scientific approach to the condition. As the signs and symptoms of epilepsy occurred without an obvious cause, the idea stood that it was a mystical phenomenon of divine punishment...
February 26, 2017: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244278/encouraging-editorial-flexibility-in-cases-of-textual-reuse
#11
EDITORIAL
Miguel Roig
Because many technical descriptions of scientific processes and phenomena are difficult to paraphrase and because an increasing proportion of contributors to the scientific literature are not sufficiently proficient at writing in English, it is proposed that journal editors re-examine their approaches toward instances of textual reuse (similarity). The plagiarism definition by the US Office of Research Integrity (ORI) is more suitable than other definitions for dealing with cases of ostensible plagiarism. Editors are strongly encouraged to examine cases of textual reuse in the context of both, the ORI guidance and the offending authors' proficiency in English...
April 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242176/2017-taiwan-lipid-guidelines-for-high-risk-patients
#12
REVIEW
Yi-Heng Li, Kwo-Chang Ueng, Jiann-Shing Jeng, Min-Ji Charng, Tsung-Hsien Lin, Kuo-Liong Chien, Chih-Yuan Wang, Ting-Hsing Chao, Ping-Yen Liu, Cheng-Huang Su, Shih-Chieh Chien, Chia-Wei Liou, Sung-Chun Tang, Chun-Chuan Lee, Tse-Ya Yu, Jaw-Wen Chen, Chau-Chung Wu, Hung-I Yeh
In Taiwan, the prevalence of hyperlipidemia increased due to lifestyle and dietary habit changes. Low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and non-high density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) are all significant predicting factors of coronary artery disease in Taiwan. We recognized that lipid control is especially important in patients with existed atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases (ASCVD), including coronary artery disease (CAD), ischemic stroke and peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Because the risk of ASCVD is high in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM), chronic kidney disease (CKD) and familial hypercholesterolemia (FH), lipid control is also necessary in these patients...
February 24, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239881/how-chronic-disease-affects-children-s-views-on-being-ill-and-healthy-a-comparative-study
#13
Lígia Lima, Vanessa Silva, Marina S Lemos
BACKGROUND: Understanding children's views of illness and health is vital to a child-centred approach in patient education and care. Paediatric healthcare providers should incorporate children's views of health and illness to enable children and their families to participate in self-management plans and achieve better health outcomes. However, there is limited scientific knowledge regarding the views of children with specific diseases. METHOD: This comparative study investigated whether and in what ways the experience of having different chronic diseases influenced children's views of being ill and healthy...
February 26, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228185/knowledge-of-childhood-materiality-text-and-the-history-of-science-an-interdisciplinary-round-table-discussion
#14
Felix Rietmann, Mareike Schildmann, Caroline Arni, Daniel Thomas Cook, Davide Giuriato, Novina Göhlsdorf, Wangui Muigai
This round table discussion takes the diversity of discourse and practice shaping modern knowledge about childhood as an opportunity to engage with recent historiographical approaches in the history of science. It draws attention to symmetries and references among scientific, material, literary and artistic cultures and their respective forms of knowledge. The five participating scholars come from various fields in the humanities and social sciences and allude to historiographical and methodological questions through a range of examples...
February 23, 2017: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225287/-predatory-journals-how-their-publishers-operate-and-how-to-avoid-them
#15
Jiří Kratochvíl, Lukáš Plch
Authors who publish in scientific or scholarly journals today face the risk of publishing in so-called predatory journals. These journals exploit the noble idea of the Open Access movement, whose goal is to make the latest scientific findings available for free. Predatory journals, unlike the reputable ones working on an Open Access basis, neglect the review process and publish low-quality submissions. The basic attributes of predatory journals are a very quick review process or even none at all, failure to be transparent about author fees for publishing an article, misleading potential authors by imitating the names of well-established journals, and false information on indexing in renowned databases or assigned impact factor...
2017: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213493/development-of-the-critical-care-pharmacotherapy-trials-network
#16
Seth R Bauer, Prasad E Abraham, Jeffrey F Barletta, Gretchen M Brophy, Brian L Erstad, Jeffrey P Gonzales, Curtis E Haas, Robert MacLaren, Eric W Mueller, Keith M Olsen, Ishaq Lat
PURPOSE: The development of the Critical Care Pharmacotherapy Trials Network (CCPTN) as a model for practice-based pharmacotherapy research is described. SUMMARY: The CCPTN was formed in 2010 as a collaborative research network dedicated to scientific investigation in the field of critical care pharmacotherapy. The CCPTN organizational structure is consistent with many professional pharmacy and interdisciplinary organizations and organized into 3 primary domains: executive committee, working committees, and network membership...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212419/evaluating-the-lexico-grammatical-differences-in-the-writing-of-native-and-non-native-speakers-of-english-in-peer-reviewed-medical-journals-in-the-field-of-pediatric-oncology-creation-of-the-genuine-index-scoring-system
#17
Alberto Alexander Gayle, Motomu Shimaoka
INTRODUCTION: The predominance of English in scientific research has created hurdles for "non-native speakers" of English. Here we present a novel application of native language identification (NLI) for the assessment of medical-scientific writing. For this purpose, we created a novel classification system whereby scoring would be based solely on text features found to be distinctive among native English speakers (NS) within a given context. We dubbed this the "Genuine Index" (GI). METHODOLOGY: This methodology was validated using a small set of journals in the field of pediatric oncology...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205084/-the-republic-of-humours-scholarly-quarrels-in-bayle-s-dictionary
#18
Isabelle Moreau
Quarrelling is a 'routine' activity of the Republic of Letters. This article demonstrates that quarrels played a key role in the field of historical criticism. The contention of this article is twofold. First, it explores the epistemological issues raised by Bayle while reporting the quarrels of the Republic of Letters, and demonstrates their creative potential, thus applying to historiography conclusions drawn by recent research on scientific controversies. It offers a new understanding of scholarly quarrels, here understood as a socially and intellectually structuring activity...
December 2016: Revue de Synthèse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195017/book-review-how-not-to-write-a-medical-paper-heinemann-markus-k-how-not-to-write-a-medical-paper-uttar-pradesh-thieme-medical-and-scientific-2016-paperback-illustrated-104-pages-10-99
#19
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194338/development-of-medical-writing-in-india-past-present-and-future
#20
REVIEW
Suhasini Sharma
Pharmaceutical medical writing has grown significantly in India in the last couple of decades. It includes preparing regulatory, safety, and publication documents as well as educational and communication material related to health and health-care products. Medical writing requires medical understanding, knowledge of drug development and the regulatory and safety domains, understanding of research methodologies, and awareness of relevant regulations and guidelines. It also requires the ability to analyze, interpret, and present biomedical scientific data in the required format and good writing skills...
January 2017: Perspectives in Clinical Research
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