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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916412/-predatory-journals-threatening-the-scientific-medical-press
#1
O Laccourreye, F Rubin, H Maisonneuve
In this report, the authors analyze the revolutions (journal indexing, structuring of medical writing and reviewing, impact of information technology and transformation of the medical press's business model) that, in a very short space of time, have profoundly affected the world of medical writing, which has now come under the fire of "predatory" journals.
September 12, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913380/questionable-word-choice-in-scientific-writing-in-orthopedic-surgery
#2
Casey M O'Connor, Mariano E Menendez, Kevin Hughes, David Ring
BACKGROUND: Given the strong influence of thoughts, emotions, and behaviors on musculoskeletal symptoms and limitations it's important that both scientific and lay writing use the most positive, hopeful, and adaptive words and concepts consistent with medical evidence. The use of words that might reinforce misconceptions about preference-sensitive conditions (particularly those associated with age) could increase symptoms and limitations and might also distract patients from the treatment preferences they would select when informed and at ease...
July 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905309/blame-a-novel-by-tony-holtzman
#3
Martina C Cornel
After writing many scientific articles at the interface of genetics and society, Neil A (Tony) Holtzman published a novel in Autumn 2016: Blame. This book review summarizes several of the story lines, some of which are related to the Inclusion of Diverse Populations in Genomics Research and Health Services, the topic of a special issue of the Journal of Community Genetics.
September 14, 2017: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875719/the-2016-ranzcp-guidelines-for-the-management-of-schizophrenia-and-related-disorders-what-s-next
#4
Assen Jablensky, David J Castle, Frances Dark, Verity Humberstone, Eoin Killackey, Jayashri Kulkarni, Patrick McGorry, Vera A Morgan, Olav Nielssen, Nga Tran, Cherrie Galletly
OBJECTIVES: The recently published RANZCP guidelines for schizophrenia and related disorders reviewed recent scientific evidence, and, where lacking, referred to clinical expertise to supply a template for raising the standard of care. This paper builds on the guidelines and recommends how they might be used to improve outcomes. METHODS: The guidelines call for evidence-based mental health policies, inclusive of mobilising affected families, communities and the public in support of policies that ensure better care and protect the wellbeing of people with severe mental disorders...
September 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871062/a-critique-of-phrenology-in-moby-dick
#5
Leonardo Cruz de Souza, Antônio Lúcio Teixeira, Guilherme Nogueira M de Oliveira, Paulo Caramelli, Francisco Cardoso
Phrenology has a fascinating, although controversial, place in the history of localizationism of brain and mental functions. The 2 main proponents of phrenology were 2 German-speaking doctors, Joseph Gall (1758-1828) and Johann Spurzheim (1776-1832). According to their theory, a careful examination of skull morphology could disclose personality characters. Phrenology was initially restricted to medical circles and then diffused outside scientific societies, reaching nonscientific audiences in Europe and North America...
September 5, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858410/intentionally-flawed-manuscripts-as-means-for-teaching-students-to-critically-evaluate-scientific-papers
#6
Jaroslav Ferenc, Filip Červenák, Erik Birčák, Katarína Juríková, Ivana Goffová, Peter Gorilák, Barbora Huraiová, Jana Plavá, Loriana Demecsová, Nikola Ďuríková, Veronika Galisová, Matej Gazdarica, Marek Puškár, Tibor Nagy, Soňa Nagyová, Lucia Mentelová, Miroslava Slaninová, Andrea Ševčovicová, Ľubomír Tomáška
As future scientists, university students need to learn how to avoid making errors in their own manuscripts, as well as how to identify flaws in papers published by their peers. Here we describe a novel approach on how to promote students' ability to critically evaluate scientific articles. The exercise is based on instructing teams of students to write intentionally flawed manuscripts describing the results of simple experiments. The teams are supervised by instructors advising the students during manuscript writing, choosing the 'appropriate' errors, monitoring the identification of errors made by the other team and evaluating the strength of their arguments in support of the identified errors...
August 31, 2017: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843505/the-clinical-case-validity-values-and-strategies-to-approach-his-writing
#7
J M Mellado, C D Packer
The case report is used to communicate the experience acquired by its authors with a patient. Although its relevance has been doubted, the case report deserves to be vindicated and contextualized. We review the case report's historical tradition, recent evolution and current formats. We describe its utility as a scientific tool, a continuing education resource and an aid to diagnosis. We reflect on the teaching potential its writing entails. Finally, we provide strategies to address the writing of a radiological case report...
August 23, 2017: Radiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828305/medical-and-scientific-writing-time-to-go-lean-and-mean
#8
REVIEW
Payal Bhardwaj, Sudip Sinha, Raj Kumar Yadav
The Lean Six Sigma methodology for process improvements and driving efficiency is old, but lean writing was adopted late by the pharmaceutical world in terms of size of the documents. The documents were lean earlier, and then became voluminous, and now we are about to complete a full circle in this regard, i.e., coming back to the lean documents again using e-formats and hyperlinking. Furthermore, writing has become more and more precise over time. The need for this lean and mean medical and scientific writing arose from voluminous research globally, both industry and academia which are abuzz with skyrocketing regulatory and scientific submission volumes...
July 2017: Perspectives in Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811981/-how-to-write-a-scientific-paper-tips-and-highlights-from-the-global-spine-congress-members-only-session
#9
EDITORIAL
Jeffrey C Wang, Jens R Chapman, Karsten Wiechert
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Global Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811736/mentored-training-to-increase-diversity-among-faculty-in-the-biomedical-sciences-the-nhlbi-summer-institute-programs-to-increase-diversity-sipid-and-the-programs-to-increase-diversity-among-individuals-engaged-in-health-related-research-pride
#10
Treva K Rice, Donna B Jeffe, Josephine E A Boyington, Jared B Jobe, Victor G Dávila-Román, Juan E Gonzalez, Lisa de Las Fuentes, Levi H C Makala, Rita Sarkar, Gbenga G Ogedegbe, Anne L Taylor, Susan Czajkowski, Dabeeru C Rao, Betty S Pace, Girardin Jean-Louis, Mohamed Boutjdir
OBJECTIVE: To report baseline characteristics of junior-level faculty participants in the Summer Institute Programs to Increase Diversity (SIPID) and the Programs to Increase Diversity among individuals engaged in Health-Related Research (PRIDE), which aim to facilitate participants' career development as independent investigators in heart, lung, blood, and sleep research. DESIGN AND SETTING: Junior faculty from groups underrepresented in the biomedical-research workforce attended two, 2-3 week, annual summer research-education programs at one of six sites...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804452/supervised-and-unsupervised-learning-technology-in-the-study-of-rodent-behavior
#11
REVIEW
Katsiaryna V Gris, Jean-Philippe Coutu, Denis Gris
Quantifying behavior is a challenge for scientists studying neuroscience, ethology, psychology, pathology, etc. Until now, behavior was mostly considered as qualitative descriptions of postures or labor intensive counting of bouts of individual movements. Many prominent behavioral scientists conducted studies describing postures of mice and rats, depicting step by step eating, grooming, courting, and other behaviors. Automated video assessment technologies permit scientists to quantify daily behavioral patterns/routines, social interactions, and postural changes in an unbiased manner...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791242/an-online-academic-writing-and-publishing-skills-course-help-syrians-find-their-voice
#12
Ammar Sabouni, Abdelkader Chaar, Yamama Bdaiwi, Abdulrahman Masrani, Heba Abolaban, Fares Alahdab, Belal Firwana, Ahmad Al-Moujahed
PURPOSE: A group of Arab-American physicians and researchers in the United States organized a blended online course in academic writing and publishing in medicine targeting medical students and physicians in war-torn Syria. This was an effort to address one of the reasons behind the poor quantity and quality of scientific research papers in Syria and the Arab region. In this paper, we report on the design, conduct, and outcome of this course and attempt to evaluate its effectiveness. METHODS: The educational intervention was a 2-month blended online course...
July 2017: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748064/publication-practices-and-responsible-authorship-a-review-article
#13
REVIEW
Elvis E Tarkang, Margaret Kweku, Francis B Zotor
Dissemination of research findings through the publication of one's work or a group of contributors is an important part of the research process, as this allows the passing on of benefits to a much wider community. In whatever evocative form this dissemination may take, the onus lies on the author(s) to ensure adherence to the code of ethics as it pertains to the integrity of the information being put out. We publish because we want our findings to be adapted into practice and application, or in some cases may be relevant to policy makers in decision-making...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707863/science-and-russian-orthodox-scholarship
#14
COMMENT
Karl Hall, Dimitri Bayuk
In Russia the theme of science and religion found its strongest resonance at the levels of humanistic scholarship and Christianity in general, where visions of harmony dominated and doctrinal and confessional particularity was largely absent. The fraught relations of both the Holy Synod and the Imperial Academy of Sciences with the Russian state since the early eighteenth century had the collateral consequence of minimal institutional contacts between theology and natural philosophy. Though “scientific apologetics” eventually found a place in the seminaries, scientists did not contribute to this scholarship in the nineteenth century...
September 2016: Isis; An International Review Devoted to the History of Science and its Cultural Influences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707554/a-battle-of-words-dignity-and-peace-in-the-writings-of-elisabeth-k%C3%A3-bler-ross
#15
Daniel Burnier
This article analyzes the writings of Elisabeth Kübler-Ross through the discursive lens of the phrase "dying with dignity." For her, the phrase meant allowing someone to die comfortably his/her own death. This phrase has to be understood in relationship with the final "stage of acceptance" of her model. Describing this key part of her well-known scientific output, she often used, in the early 1970s, the phrase "dying in peace and dignity." An evaluation of the evidence suggests that because the concept of dignity was co-opted by the pro-euthanasia movement during this decade, the language of dignity was little by little abandoned by her...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696055/practices-and-exploration-on-competition-of-molecular-biological-detection-technology-among-students-in-food-quality-and-safety-major
#16
Yaning Chang, Yuke Peng, Pengfei Li, Yingping Zhuang
With the increasing importance in the application of the molecular biological detection technology in the field of food safety, strengthening education in molecular biology experimental techniques is more necessary for the culture of the students in food quality and safety major. However, molecular biology experiments are not always in curricula of Food quality and safety Majors. This paper introduced a project "competition of molecular biological detection technology for food safety among undergraduate sophomore students in food quality and safety major", students participating in this project needed to learn the fundamental molecular biology experimental techniques such as the principles of molecular biology experiments and genome extraction, PCR and agarose gel electrophoresis analysis, and then design the experiments in groups to identify the meat species in pork and beef products using molecular biological methods...
July 8, 2017: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695788/adherence-to-clinical-practice-guidelines
#17
Marisa A Ryan
Clinical practice guidelines are designed to synthesize and disseminate the best available evidence to guide clinical practice. The goal is to increase high-quality care and reduce inappropriate interventions. Clinical practice guidelines that systematically review evidence and synthesize it into recommendations are important because the available scientific evidence is normally neither rapidly nor broadly incorporated into practice. It is important to understand and improve the impact of our American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation clinical practice guidelines on this uptake of scientific knowledge...
July 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690702/journal-aspirations-improving-scientific-writing-and-publication-through-a-writing-mentorship-program
#18
EDITORIAL
Ann Blair Kennedy
Looking to help novice scientific writers improve their skills and enhance the likelihood of scientific publication, the IJTMB launched a writing mentorship program. Research indicates that when novice writers have a mentor and work on writing as a team, the authors can gain self-efficacy, manuscripts are improved, thoughts and writing are clarified, and differing perspectives are added. This editorial identifies the process for being recommended to use a writing mentor, discusses recommendations in the forming of a mentor/mentee relationship, describes the qualities of good mentors and mentees, and offers suggestions for improving writing for scientific publication...
June 2017: International Journal of Therapeutic Massage & Bodywork
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679935/validity-of-scientometric-analysis-of-medical-research-output
#19
Izet Masic, Edin Begic, Nedim Begic
The aim of this paper is to point out the errors in scientometric analysis of an author's work, as well as the inconsistency of Google Scholars when performing such analyzes. Development of information technology has led to the development of the scientometric analyzes, which already have great significance for many decisions in the academic medical community, and represents a cross section of work of an author. Scientometric indices in the medical community become a tool in selecting the management of institutions, as well as membership in many academies...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679568/the-thrill-of-the-paper-the-agony-of-the-review
#20
EDITORIAL
Douglas Curran-Everett
The process of first writing a scientific paper and then responding to reviewer comments can be challenging and sometimes-some might say often-frustrating. In this personal view, I recount some of my experiences as an author, and I offer some strategies to write a paper and to then respond to comments from the people who reviewed it.
September 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
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