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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142381/nursing-management-of-adults-with-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-a-narrative-review
#1
REVIEW
Roseminu Varghese, Jyothi Chakrabarty, Girish Menon
Effective nursing management strategies for adults with severe traumatic brain injury (STBI) are still a remarkable issue and a difficult task for neurologists, neurosurgeons, and neuronurses. A list of justified indications and scientific rationale for nursing management of these patients are continuously evolving. The objectives of the study are to analyze the pertinently available research and clinical studies that demonstrate the nursing management strategies for adults with STBI and to synthesize the available evidence based on the review...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141480/benchmarking-for-research-related-competencies-a-curricular-mapping-approach-at-medical-faculties-in-germany
#2
Maria Lammerding-Koeppel, Olaf Fritze, Marianne Giesler, Elisabeth Narciss, Sandra Steffens, Annette Wosnik, Jan Griewatz
OBJECTIVES: Internationally, scientific and research-related competencies need to be sufficiently targeted as core outcomes in many undergraduate medical curricula. Since 2015, standards have been recommended for Germany in the National Competency-based Learning Objective Catalogue in Medicine (NKLM). The aim of this study is to develop a multi-center mapping approach for curricular benchmarking against national standards and against other medical faculties. METHOD: A total of 277 faculty members from four German medical faculties have mapped the local curriculum against the scientific and research-related NKLM objectives, using consented procedures, metrics, and tools...
November 16, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130332/book-review-how-not-to-write-a-medical-paper-heinemann-markus-k-how-not-to-write-a-medical-paper-uttar-pradesh-thieme-medical-and-scientific-2016-paperback-illustrated-104-pages-10-99
#3
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117470/one-hundred-thousand-us-dollars-to-battle-scientific-logorrhea
#4
EDITORIAL
P B Persson
This editorial may have remained unwritten, in the face of a lifetime word cap for scientists, which is regaining interest. (Give researchers a lifetime word limit, Brian C. Martinson, Nature).Providing us with a lifespan contingent of words for our scientific writing immediately solves many present-day glitches. No more minimal-publishing-units and redundant material will flood journals or aggravate reviewers. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
November 8, 2017: Acta Physiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104185/saving-the-philosopher-s-soul-the-i-de-pietate-aristotelis-i-by-fortunio-liceti
#5
Eva Del Soldato
The De pietate Aristotelis erga Deum et homines (1645) by Fortunio Liceti is a one-of-a-kind text. In this book Liceti claimed that Aristotle converted to Judaism, and that he never contradicted the Scriptures in his writings. At a time when competing philosophical and scientific schools put Aristotle at odds with faith, restoring his reputation from a religious point of view could be seen as key to safeguarding Peripateticism. Nonetheless Liceti composed his work not to polemicize with anti-Aristotelians, but rather with fellow Aristotelians who were not sufficiently committed to defending his stature...
2017: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104158/moderate-salt-restriction-with-or-without-paricalcitol-in-type-2-diabetes-and-losartan-resistant-macroalbuminuria-proceed-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-controlled-crossover-trial
#6
Aneliya Parvanova, Matias Trillini, Manuel A Podestà, Ilian Petrov Iliev, Barbara Ruggiero, Manuela Abbate, Annalisa Perna, Francesco Peraro, Olimpia Diadei, Nadia Rubis, Flavio Gaspari, Fabiola Carrara, Nadia Stucchi, Antonio Belviso, Antonio C Bossi, Roberto Trevisan, Giuseppe Remuzzi, Martin de Borst, Piero Ruggenenti
BACKGROUND: Macroalbuminuria predicts renal and cardiovascular events in patients with type 2 diabetes. We aimed to assess the albuminuria-lowering effects of salt restriction, paricalcitol therapy, or both, in this population. METHODS: In this randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial, we recruited adult patients with type 2 diabetes from six diabetology outpatient clinics in northern Italy, with 24 h albuminuria of more than 300 mg despite 100 mg per day losartan therapy, blood pressure of less than 140/90 mm Hg, serum creatinine concentration of less than 2 mg/dL, stable renal function on stable renin-angiotensin system inhibitor therapy with a fixed dose of losartan, parathyroid hormone concentration of 20 pg/mL to <110 pg/mL, serum calcium concentration of less than 9·5 mg/dL, and serum phosphate concentration of less than 5 mg/dL, who had been more than 80% compliant with placebo treatment during a 1 month placebo run-in...
November 2, 2017: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097489/treatment-and-outcome-of-hemorrhagic-transformation-after-intravenous-alteplase-in-acute-ischemic-stroke-a-scientific-statement-for-healthcare-professionals-from-the-american-heart-association-american-stroke-association
#7
REVIEW
Shadi Yaghi, Joshua Z Willey, Brett Cucchiara, Joshua N Goldstein, Nicole R Gonzales, Pooja Khatri, Louis J Kim, Stephan A Mayer, Kevin N Sheth, Lee H Schwamm
PURPOSE: Symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH) is the most feared complication of intravenous thrombolytic therapy in acute ischemic stroke. Treatment of sICH is based on expert opinion and small case series, with the efficacy of such treatments not well established. This document aims to provide an overview of sICH with a focus on pathophysiology and treatment. METHODS: A literature review was performed for randomized trials, prospective and retrospective studies, opinion papers, case series, and case reports on the definitions, epidemiology, risk factors, pathophysiology, treatment, and outcome of sICH...
November 2, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097066/scientific-writing
#8
EDITORIAL
Neal W Pollock
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 30, 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074519/development-and-pilot-testing-of-a-decision-aid-for-the-initiation-of-antipsychotic-medications-in-persons-with-dementia-in-long-term-care-using-a-systematic-approach-a-study-protocol
#9
Leslie J Malloy-Weir, Andrew Kirk
INTRODUCTION: Antipsychotic medications are commonly used in long-term care to treat neuropsychiatric symptoms of dementia despite concerns that their risks (eg, infection, falls, death) may outweigh their benefits. This study protocol outlines the development and pilot testing of a decision aid for antipsychotic medications that is tailored to the information needs of residents with dementia in long-term care and family caregivers (or decision makers). The goals of the decision aid are to help residents and caregivers (1) better understand the risks and benefits of antipsychotic medications in long-term care, and (2) make informed decisions about their use (or non-use)...
October 25, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064328/the-story-of-scientist-the-story-of-a-word
#10
David Philip Miller
This examination of an important paper by Sydney Ross is the first in a projected series of occasional reflections on 'Annals of Science Classic Papers' that have had enduring utility within the field of history of science and beyond. First the messages of the paper are examined, some well known but others, particularly Ross's own contemporary concerns about the use of the word 'scientist', less so. The varied uses made of the paper by scholars are then traced before Ross's biography is examined in order to try to understand how a figure professionally marginal to the field of history of science came to write such a significant piece...
October 24, 2017: Annals of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062542/understanding-plain-english-summaries-a-comparison-of-two-approaches-to-improve-the-quality-of-plain-english-summaries-in-research-reports
#11
Emma Kirkpatrick, Wendy Gaisford, Elaine Williams, Elizabeth Brindley, Doreen Tembo, David Wright
PLAIN ENGLISH SUMMARY: There is a need for the authors of research reports to be able to communicate their work clearly and effectively to readers who are not familiar with the research area. The National Institute for Health Research (NIHR), along with a number of other funding bodies and journals, require researchers to write short lay summaries, often termed plain English summaries (PESs), to make research accessible to the general public. Because many researchers write using technical, specialised language, particularly in scientific reports, writing PESs can be challenging...
2017: Res Involv Engagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061624/right-for-me-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-trial-of-two-interventions-for-facilitating-shared-decision-making-about-contraceptive-methods
#12
Rachel Thompson, Ruth Manski, Kyla Z Donnelly, Gabrielle Stevens, Daniela Agusti, Michelle Banach, Maureen B Boardman, Pearl Brady, Christina Colón Bradt, Tina Foster, Deborah J Johnson, Zhongze Li, Judy Norsigian, Melissa Nothnagle, Ardis L Olson, Heather L Shepherd, Lisa F Stern, Tor D Tosteson, Lyndal Trevena, Krishna K Upadhya, Glyn Elwyn
INTRODUCTION: Despite the observed and theoretical advantages of shared decision-making in a range of clinical contexts, including contraceptive care, there remains a paucity of evidence on how to facilitate its adoption. This paper describes the protocol for a study to assess the comparative effectiveness of patient-targeted and provider-targeted interventions for facilitating shared decision-making about contraceptive methods. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will conduct a 2×2 factorial cluster randomised controlled trial with four arms: (1) video+prompt card, (2) decision aids+training, (3) video+prompt card and decision aids+training and (4) usual care...
October 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059805/design-and-development-of-an-intelligent-nursing-bed-a-pilot-project-of-joint-assignment
#13
Jiehui Jiang, Tingwei Liu, Yuting Zhang, Yu Song, Mi Zhou, Xiaosong Zheng, Zhuangzhi Yan
The "joint assignment" is a creative bachelor education project for Biomedical Engineering (BME) in Shanghai University (SHU), China. The objective of this project is to improve students' capabilities in design thinking and teamwork through practices in the process of the design and development of complex medical product. As the first step, a pilot project "design and development of intelligent nursing bed" was set up in May 2015. This paper describes details of how project organization and management, various teaching methods and scientific evaluation approaches were achieved in this pilot project...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058586/self-reported-needs-for-improving-the-supervision-competence-of-phd-supervisors-from-the-medical-sciences-in-denmark
#14
Rie Raffing, Thor Bern Jensen, Hanne Tønnesen
BACKGROUND: Quality of supervision is a major predictor for successful PhD projects. A survey showed that almost all PhD students in the Health Sciences in Denmark indicated that good supervision was important for the completion of their PhD study. Interestingly, approximately half of the students who withdrew from their program had experienced insufficient supervision. This led the Research Education Committee at the University of Copenhagen to recommend that supervisors further develop their supervision competence...
October 23, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056792/the-miracle-of-peer-review-and-development-in-science-an-agent-based-model
#15
Simone Righi, Károly Takács
It is not easy to rationalize how peer review, as the current grassroots of science, can work based on voluntary contributions of reviewers. There is no rationale to write impartial and thorough evaluations. If reviewers are unmotivated to carefully select high quality contributions, there is no risk in submitting low-quality work by authors. As a result, scientists face a social dilemma: if everyone acts according to his or her own self-interest, the outcome is low scientific quality. We examine how the increased relevance of public good benefits (journal impact factor), the editorial policy of handling incoming reviews, and the acceptance decisions that take into account reputational information, can help the evolution of high-quality contributions from authors...
2017: Scientometrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055093/our-best-2015-2017
#16
EDITORIAL
P B Persson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 21, 2017: Acta Physiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051879/the-destructive-power-of-circumstance-on-concurrent-poliomyelitis-and-osteomyelitis
#17
Delran Anandkumar, Ananthakrishnan Raghupathi, Ragai Gadelrab
INTRODUCTION: The current method in dealing with pediatric hip pathologies is to avoid joint replacement unless absolutely necessary. This decision is typically made on a scientific basis. However, this is not necessarily the correct approach in all cases as demonstrated in the following case report where social issues is an extremely important variable to be considered when deciding on surgical intervention. CASE REPORT: This case report is the first of its kind to highlight the pathology mentioned and the social determinants that were a causative agent in its development...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038693/bio-psycho-social-factors-affecting-sexual-self-concept-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Robabeh Potki, Tayebe Ziaei, Mahbobeh Faramarzi, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Zohreh Shahhosseini
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, it is believed that mental and emotional aspects of sexual well-being are the important aspects of sexual health. Sexual self-concept is a major component of sexual health and the core of sexuality. It is defined as the cognitive perspective concerning the sexual aspects of 'self' and refers to the individual's self-perception as a sexual creature. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the different factors affecting sexual self-concept...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019923/the-attitude-of-medical-and-pharmacy-students-towards-research-activities-a-multicenter-approach
#19
Akshaya Srikanth Bhagavathula, Deepak Kumar Bandari, Yonas Getaye Tefera, Shazia Qasim Jamshed, Asim Ahmed Elnour, Abdulla Shehab
Aim: To assess the attitude of medical and pharmacy students in Asian and African universities towards scholarly research activities. Methods: An anonymous, cross-sectional, self-reported online survey questionnaire was administered to medical and pharmacy students studying in various Asian and African universities through social media between May and July 2016. A 68-item close-ended questionnaire consisting of Likert-scale options assessed the students' research-specific experiences, and their attitudes towards scholarly research publications...
October 11, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019298/a-learned-artisan-debates-the-system-of-the-world-le-clerc-versus-mallemant-de-messange
#20
Oded Rabinovitch
Sébastien Le Clerc (1637-1714) was the most renowned engraver of Louis XIV's France. For the history of scientific publishing, however, Le Clerc represents a telling paradox. Even though he followed a traditional route based on classic artisanal training, he also published extensively on scientific topics such as cosmology and mathematics. While contemporary scholarship usually stresses the importance of artisanal writing as a direct expression of artisanal experience and know-how, Le Clerc's publications, and specifically the work on cosmology in his Système du monde (1706-1708), go far beyond this...
October 11, 2017: British Journal for the History of Science
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