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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616726/how-to-write-an-original-radiological-research-manuscript
#1
Peter Bannas, Scott B Reeder
Many scientific manuscripts submitted for publication are limited by fundamental mistakes in their preparation, leading to rejection. We describe how to write a well-organized radiological research manuscript containing all of the important ingredients for effective communication of a hypothesis-driven scientific study in the context of medical imaging. KEY POINTS: • Mistakes in the preparation of scientific manuscripts lead to rejection. • Scientific writing, like any important skill, can be learned...
June 14, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605411/estimating-causal-effects-from-a-randomized-clinical-trial-when-noncompliance-is-measured-with-error
#2
Jeffrey A Boatman, David M Vock, Joseph S Koopmeiners, Eric C Donny
Noncompliance or non-adherence to randomized treatment is a common challenge when interpreting data from randomized clinical trials. The effect of an intervention if all participants were forced to comply with the assigned treatment (i.e., the causal effect) is often of primary scientific interest. For example, in trials of very low nicotine content (VLNC) cigarettes, policymakers are interested in their effect on smoking behavior if their use were to be compelled by regulation. A variety of statistical methods to estimate the causal effect of an intervention have been proposed, but these methods, including inverse probability of compliance weighted (IPCW) estimators, assume that participants' compliance statuses are reported without error...
June 12, 2017: Biostatistics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602403/panacea-in-progress-crispr-and-the-future-of-its-biological-research-introduction
#3
REVIEW
Michael Carroll, Xiaohui Zhou
The elucidation of the CRISPR (clustered, regularly interspaced, short palindromic repeats) adaptive immune system endogenous to most microbial life has culminated in progress in a diversity of scientific disciplines. The concurrently promising and eccentric nature of its theoretically plausible applications has wrought enthusiasm in the research community globally, potentiating advancements in human and animal health, ecological stability, and economic wellbeing, that would hitherto be considered the unattainable fancies of a futurist...
August 2017: Microbiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592380/good-practices-of-publishing-ayush-research-a-practical-checklist-for-authors
#4
Kishor Patwardhan, Girish Tillu, Priyanka M Jadhav
Since its inception, Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine (J-AIM) has been constantly striving to create an environment that inculcates and strengthens "Good Publication Practices (GPP)" amongst students, practitioners and researchers in AYUSH community. The Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine has been doing this in the form of conducting workshops on scientific writing and research methods on different platforms. This article is based on our experiences and varied discussions that we have had with students, teachers, practitioners and researchers during these interactive sessions, and is intended at addressing the gap that prevails in the domain...
June 4, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585598/pulmonary-hypertensive-crisis-and-its-efficient-management-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
Karima Karam Khan, Fazal Hameed Khan
There is a staggering upsurge in the incidence of plagiarism of scientific literature. Literature shows divergent views about the factors that make plagiarism reprehensible. This review explores the causes and remedies for the perennial academic problem of plagiarism. Data sources were searched for full text English language articles published from 2000 to 2015. Data selection was done using medical subject headline (MeSH) terms plagiarism, unethical writing, academic theft, retraction, medical field, and plagiarism detection software...
June 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581911/evaluation-of-a-cat-database-and-expert-appraisal-of-cats-developed-by-students
#6
Cindy Kasch, Peggy Haimerl, Wolfgang Heuwieser, Sebastian Arlt
Five steps have been recommended to provide evidence-based patient care: formulating a clinical question, searching for literature, evaluating the validity and applicability of results, implementing results into practice, and assessing if the new evidence has led to improved health care. Students can be trained in these steps by the development of knowledge summaries such as critically appraised topics (CATs). The aim of the present project was the development, use, and evaluation of a German-language CAT database and an appraisal of the quality of CATs developed by students...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578997/-the-human-use-of-human-beings-interdisciplinarity-transdisciplinarity-and-all-that-in-biophysics-and-beyond
#7
Marco Elio Tabacchi, Settimo Termini
Biophysics, just by looking at its name, indicates an interdisciplinary scientific activity, although the notion of interdisciplinarity, as such, seems to be not widely or specifically discussed by biophysicists. The same seems to have happened as well in the early stages of the development of cybernetics, notably in Norbert Wiener's writings. This situation seems to contrast with what has happened in subsequent developments of cybernetics ideas, notably in general system theory and cognitive sciences. After a few general reflections on the notion of interdisciplinarity, its sophisticated variants and the path leading to the birth of cognitive science, we shall refer to Wiener's thought to extracts aspects and indications that could be useful today, also for what concerns the social responsibility of scientists, which could be seen as stemming from a very general form of interdisciplinarity...
May 19, 2017: Biophysical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575280/global-position-paper-on-cardiovascular-regenerative-medicine-scientific-statement-of-the-transnational-alliance-for-regenerative-therapies-in-cardiovascular-syndromes-tactics-international-group-for-the-comprehensive-cardiovascular-application-of-regenerative
#8
Francisco Fernández-Avilés, Ricardo Sanz-Ruiz, Andreu M Climent, Lina Badimon, Roberto Bolli, Dominique Charron, Valentin Fuster, Stefan Janssens, Jens Kastrup, Hyo-Soo Kim, Thomas F Lüscher, John F Martin, Philippe Menasché, Robert D Simari, Gregg W Stone, Andre Terzic, James T Willerson, Joseph C Wu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 30, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571028/integration-of-the-forensic-dimension-into-anti-doping-strategies
#9
François Marclay, Martial Saugy
Traditionally, research in anti-doping has been stimulated by the need for technological improvements to accommodate the expansion of the list of prohibited substances and methods. Nevertheless, in recent years, anti-doping found itself at a crossroads due to the increasing complexity and constant refinement of doping methods. As illustrated by the 2012 USADA (United States Anti-Doping Agency) versus Lance Armstrong case, a change in paradigm was necessary. The exploration of new scientific avenues to understand the mechanisms of doping and pinpoint its practice was most needed to allow designing more efficient preventive or disruptive strategies...
2017: Medicine and Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567188/challenges-facing-young-african-scientists-in-their-research-careers-a-qualitative-exploratory-study
#10
Save Kumwenda, El Hadji A Niang, Pauline W Orondo, Pote William, Lateefah Oyinlola, Gedeon N Bongo, Bernadette Chiwona
BACKGROUND: Africa accounts for 14% of world's population, and the economies of most African countries are considered to be growing, but this is not reflected in the amount of research published by Africans. This study aimed at identifying the challenges that young African scientists face in their career development. METHODS: This was a qualitative exploratory study involving young researchers who attended the Teaching and Research in Natural Sciences for Development (TReND) in Africa scientific writing and communication workshop, which was held in Malawi in September 2015...
March 2017: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542871/interpretation-as-freud-s-specific-action-and-bion-s-container-contained
#11
Chris Mawson
This is a paper showing how a concept central to the work of Wilfred Bion, and one of Klein's important recommendations concerning the practice of analysis with adults and small children, can both be seen in the light of Freud's earliest formulation of the origin of anxiety and the mother's first responses to her infant in distress. In the paper I suggest that these clinically influential concepts of Klein and Bion show an underlying consistency and affinity with Freud's early ideas about the management of anxiety in the mother-infant relationship, described in two of his pre-psychoanalytic writings, How Anxiety Originates (1894b), and The Project for a Scientific Psychology (1950 [1895])...
May 25, 2017: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527592/why-write-and-publish-a-scientific-paper
#12
EDITORIAL
Abe Fingerhut
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2017: Cirugía Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520961/building-a-middle-range-theory-of-free-public-healthcare-seeking-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-realist-review
#13
Emilie Robert, Oumar Mallé Samb, Bruno Marchal, Valéry Ridde
Realist reviews are a new form of knowledge synthesis aimed at providing middle-range theories (MRTs) that specify how interventions work, for which populations, and under what circumstances. This approach opens the 'black box' of an intervention by showing how it triggers mechanisms in specific contexts to produce outcomes. We conducted a realist review of health user fee exemption policies (UFEPs) in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). This article presents how we developed both the intervention theory (IT) of UFEPs and a MRT of free public healthcare seeking in SSA, building on Sen's capability approach...
May 16, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507368/the-confounding-factors-leading-to-plagiarism-in-academic-writing-and-some-suggested-remedies-a-systematic-review
#14
Salman Yousuf Guraya, Shaista Salman Guraya
There is a staggering upsurge in the incidence of plagiarism of scientific literature. Literature shows divergent views about the factors that make plagiarism reprehensible. This review explores the causes and remedies for the perennial academic problem of plagiarism. Data sources were searched for full text English language articles published from 2000 to 2015. Data selection was done using medical subject headline (MeSH) terms plagiarism, unethical writing, academic theft, retraction, medical field, and plagiarism detection software...
May 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501917/a-primer-on-systematic-reviews-in-toxicology
#15
REVIEW
Sebastian Hoffmann, Rob B M de Vries, Martin L Stephens, Nancy B Beck, Hubert A A M Dirven, John R Fowle, Julie E Goodman, Thomas Hartung, Ian Kimber, Manoj M Lalu, Kristina Thayer, Paul Whaley, Daniele Wikoff, Katya Tsaioun
Systematic reviews, pioneered in the clinical field, provide a transparent, methodologically rigorous and reproducible means of summarizing the available evidence on a precisely framed research question. Having matured to a well-established approach in many research fields, systematic reviews are receiving increasing attention as a potential tool for answering toxicological questions. In the larger framework of evidence-based toxicology, the advantages and obstacles of, as well as the approaches for, adapting and adopting systematic reviews to toxicology are still being explored...
May 13, 2017: Archives of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480473/the-imia-history-working-group-inception-through-the-imia-history-taskforce-and-major-events-leading-up-to-the-50th-anniversary-of-imia
#16
C A Kulikowski, G Mihalas, R A Greenes, V Yacubsohn, H-A Park
BACKGROUND: The 50th Anniversary of IMIA will be celebrated in 2017 at the World Congress of Medical Informatics in China. This takes place 50 years after the International Federation of Information Processing (IFIP) Societies approved the formation of a new Technical Committee (TC) 4 on Medical Information Processing, which was the predecessor of IMIA, under the leadership of Dr. Francois Grémy. The IMIA History Working Group (WG) was approved in 2014 to document and write about the history of the field and its organizations...
May 8, 2017: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479749/preparing-and-publishing-a-scientific-manuscript
#17
REVIEW
Padma R Jirge
Publishing original research in a peer-reviewed and indexed journal is an important milestone for a scientist or a clinician. It is an important parameter to assess academic achievements. However, technical and language barriers may prevent many enthusiasts from ever publishing. This review highlights the important preparatory steps for creating a good manuscript and the most widely used IMRaD (Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, and Discussion) method for writing a good manuscript. It also provides a brief overview of the submission and review process of a manuscript for publishing in a biomedical journal...
January 2017: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476127/research-capacity-building-through-north-south-south-networking-towards-true-partnership-an-exploratory-study-of-a-network-for-scientific-support-in-the-field-of-sexual-and-reproductive-health
#18
K Van der Veken, L Belaid, T Delvaux, V De Brouwere
BACKGROUND: We explored the perceptions of members of the Network for Scientific Support in the field of Sexual and Reproductive Health (NetSRH) on North-South-South networking and on constraints and perspectives for South-led research. METHODS: An exploratory qualitative study was conducted 18 months after the network was launched. In-depth interviews were carried out with NetSRH members (n = 15) affiliated to southern research institutions. A thematic analysis was done and N-Vivo 10 software used...
May 5, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469530/describing-the-implementation-of-an-innovative-intervention-and-evaluating-its-effectiveness-in-increasing-research-capacity-of-advanced-clinical-nurses-using-the-consolidated-framework-for-implementation-research
#19
Gabrielle McKee, Margaret Codd, Orla Dempsey, Paul Gallagher, Catherine Comiskey
BACKGROUND: Despite advanced nursing roles having a research competency, participation in research is low. There are many barriers to participation in research and few interventions have been developed to address these. This paper aims to describe the implementation of an intervention to increase research participation in advanced clinical nursing roles and evaluate its effectiveness. METHODS: The implementation of the intervention was carried out within one hospital site...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463425/avoiding-common-pitfalls-of-manuscript-and-figure-preparation
#20
Súil Collins, Rita Gemayel, Emily J Chenette
Accurate and clear representation of scientific data is essential for the advancement of science. In this instalment of the Words of Advice series, we feature guidelines and tips on best practices for writing manuscripts, designing experiments and preparing figures and images for publication.
May 2017: FEBS Journal
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