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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910107/gestating-times-women-s-accounts-of-the-temporalities-of-pregnancies-that-end-in-abortion-in-england
#1
Siân M Beynon-Jones
Tensions between the 'clock time' of medicine and the embodied times of its subjects are central to feminist writing concerning Western obstetric practice. In this article, I expand the focus of this literature by addressing the temporal dynamics of another site of reproductive healthcare: abortion provision. Echoing obstetric accounts of birth, time in legal, healthcare and social scientific discourse on abortion is routinely conceptualised as a finite resource contained within the pregnant/foetal body, which can be measured using clocks and calendars...
December 2, 2016: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899401/neonatal-and-childhood-neurodevelopmental-health-and-educational-outcomes-of-children-exposed-to-antidepressants-and-maternal-depression-during-pregnancy-protocol-for-a-retrospective-population-based-cohort-study-using-linked-administrative-data
#2
Deepa Singal, Marni Brownell, Dan Chateau, Chelsea Ruth, Laurence Y Katz
INTRODUCTION: Antidepressants are commonly prescribed during pregnancy; however, there are inconsistent data on the safety of these medications during the prenatal period. To address this gap, this study will investigate short-term and long-term neurodevelopmental, physical and mental health, and educational outcomes of children who have been exposed to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) or selective serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) and/or maternal depression during pregnancy...
November 29, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891100/a-review-about-functional-illiteracy-definition-cognitive-linguistic-and-numerical-aspects
#3
REVIEW
Réka Vágvölgyi, Andra Coldea, Thomas Dresler, Josef Schrader, Hans-Christoph Nuerk
Formally, availability of education for children has increased around the world over the last decades. However, despite having a successful formal education career, adults can become functional illiterates. Functional illiteracy means that a person cannot use reading, writing, and calculation skills for his/her own and the community's development. Functional illiteracy has considerable negative effects not only on personal development, but also in economic and social terms. Although functional illiteracy has been highly publicized in mass media in the recent years, there is limited scientific knowledge about the people termed functional illiterates; definition, assessment, and differential diagnoses with respect to related numerical and linguistic impairments are rarely studied and controversial...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886627/facilitating-the-development-of-higher-order-thinking-skills-hots-of-novice-nursing-postgraduates-in-africa
#4
Lizeth Roets, Jeanette Maritz
BACKGROUND: International research in nursing education has shown to be deficient regarding both the quality of research produced and the building of disciplinary capacity. The CHENMA (Collaboration for Higher Education of Nurses and Midwives in Africa) project aimed to strengthen nursing and midwifery expertise in Africa. Sixteen French-speaking students of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) enrolled for a master's degree in nursing midwifery at a South African university in 2008...
November 12, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884400/stephen-jay-gould-and-the-value-neutrality-of-science-during-the-late-cold-war
#5
Myrna Sheldon
Stephen Jay Gould was a paleontologist and scientific celebrity at the close of the twentieth century, most famous for his popular writings on evolution and his role in the American creationist controversies of that era. In the early 1980s, Gould was drawn into the "nuclear winter" episode through his friendship with Carl Sagan, an astronomer and popular science celebrity. Sagan helped develop the theory of nuclear winter and subsequently used the theory as evidence to petition the United States government to scale back its nuclear armament...
November 21, 2016: Endeavour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870269/how-to-write-a-scientific-paper
#6
Rita Gemayel
In the first instalment of the Words of Advice series, we feature the essentials of good manuscript writing with practical tips on how to plan, organise and write a standout scientific paper.
November 2016: FEBS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869961/-tools-to-enhance-the-quality-and-transparency-of-health-research-reports-reporting-guidelines
#7
Taís Freire Galvão, Marcus Tolentino Silva, Leila Posenato Garcia
Scientific writing is the cornestone for publishing the results of research. Reporting guidelines are important tools for all those involved in the process of research production and report writing. These guidelines detail what is expected to be found in each section of a report for a given study design. The EQUATOR Network (Enhancing the QUAlity and Transparency Of health Research) is an international initiative that seeks to improve the reliability and the value of health research literature by promoting transparent and accurate reporting and wider use of robust reporting guidelines...
April 2016: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866010/the-botanical-explorer-s-legacy-a-promising-bioprospecting-tool
#8
Axel Helmstädter
Records about the traditional uses of medicinal plants can be considered useful in bioprospecting (i.e., the search for new active agents or lead structures in nature). Several sources like Egyptian papyri, early modern herbals and pharmacopoeias have been studied in this respect. It is proposed to use recordings of botanically interested explorers of the 19th and early 20th centuries as well. Some of them give detailed information about traditionally used medicinal plants and analysis shows that a considerable number of these have never been scientifically investigated...
November 16, 2016: Drug Discovery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856547/validation-and-application-of-the-survey-of-teaching-beliefs-and-practices-for-undergraduates-step-u-identifying-factors-associated-with-valuing-important-workplace-skills-among-biology-students
#9
Gili Marbach-Ad, Carly Rietschel, Katerina V Thompson
We present a novel assessment tool for measuring biology students' values and experiences across their undergraduate degree program. Our Survey of Teaching Beliefs and Practices for Undergraduates (STEP-U) assesses the extent to which students value skills needed for the workplace (e.g., ability to work in groups) and their experiences with teaching practices purported to promote such skills (e.g., group work). The survey was validated through factor analyses in a large sample of biology seniors (n = 1389) and through response process analyses (five interviewees)...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848191/plagiarism-cheating-and-research-integrity-case-studies-from-a-masters-program-in-peru
#10
Andres M Carnero, Percy Mayta-Tristan, Kelika A Konda, Edward Mezones-Holguin, Antonio Bernabe-Ortiz, German F Alvarado, Carlos Canelo-Aybar, Jorge L Maguiña, Eddy R Segura, Antonio M Quispe, Edward S Smith, Angela M Bayer, Andres G Lescano
Plagiarism is a serious, yet widespread type of research misconduct, and is often neglected in developing countries. Despite its far-reaching implications, plagiarism is poorly acknowledged and discussed in the academic setting, and insufficient evidence exists in Latin America and developing countries to inform the development of preventive strategies. In this context, we present a longitudinal case study of seven instances of plagiarism and cheating arising in four consecutive classes (2011-2014) of an Epidemiology Masters program in Lima, Peru, and describes the implementation and outcomes of a multifaceted, "zero-tolerance" policy aimed at introducing research integrity...
November 15, 2016: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825371/effective-and-safe-proton-pump-inhibitor-therapy-in-acid-related-diseases-a-position-paper-addressing-benefits-and-potential-harms-of-acid-suppression
#11
EDITORIAL
Carmelo Scarpignato, Luigi Gatta, Angelo Zullo, Corrado Blandizzi
BACKGROUND: The introduction of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) into clinical practice has revolutionized the management of acid-related diseases. Studies in primary care and emergency settings suggest that PPIs are frequently prescribed for inappropriate indications or for indications where their use offers little benefit. Inappropriate PPI use is a matter of great concern, especially in the elderly, who are often affected by multiple comorbidities and are taking multiple medications, and are thus at an increased risk of long-term PPI-related adverse outcomes as well as drug-to-drug interactions...
November 9, 2016: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822516/cual-id-globally-unique-correctable-and-human-friendly-sample-identifiers-for-comparative-omics-studies
#12
John H Chase, Evan Bolyen, Jai Ram Rideout, J Gregory Caporaso
The number of samples in high-throughput comparative "omics" studies is increasing rapidly due to declining experimental costs. To keep sample data and metadata manageable and to ensure the integrity of scientific results as the scale of these projects continues to increase, it is essential that we transition to better-designed sample identifiers. Ideally, sample identifiers should be globally unique across projects, project teams, and institutions; short (to facilitate manual transcription); correctable with respect to common types of transcription errors; opaque, meaning that they do not contain information about the samples; and compatible with existing standards...
January 2016: MSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819405/-santiago-ramon-y-cajal-in-literature-cinema-and-television
#13
REVIEW
S Collado-Vazquez, J M Carrillo
INTRODUCTION: The life and work of Santiago Ramon y Cajal has been portrayed in scientific papers, biographical and autobiographical works, comics, films, television series or documentaries that have attempted to reflect upon his life or his contributions to science and to bring him closer to the general public. AIMS: To analyse the different ways Santiago Ramon y Cajal has been represented in literature, cinema and television, and to become more closely acquainted with this scientist through his fictional writings...
November 16, 2016: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811332/telemedicine-quality-and-outcomes-in-stroke-a-scientific-statement-for-healthcare-professionals-from-the-american-heart-association-american-stroke-association
#14
Lawrence R Wechsler, Bart M Demaerschalk, Lee H Schwamm, Opeolu M Adeoye, Heinrich J Audebert, Christopher V Fanale, David C Hess, Jennifer J Majersik, Karin V Nystrom, Mathew J Reeves, Wayne D Rosamond, Jeffrey A Switzer
PURPOSE: Telestroke is one of the most frequently used and rapidly expanding applications of telemedicine, delivering much-needed stroke expertise to hospitals and patients. This document reviews the current status of telestroke and suggests measures for ongoing quality and outcome monitoring to improve performance and to enhance delivery of care. METHODS: A literature search was undertaken to examine the current status of telestroke and relevant quality indicators...
November 3, 2016: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808446/science-politics-and-the-play-of-chance-in-recent-australian-drinking-law-changes
#15
Kypros Kypri
Regulating late-night alcohol sales to prevent violence continues to be hotly debated in Australia. From July this year, Queensland required premises to stop serving alcohol (last drinks) by 3 am in entertainment precincts and by 2 am in the rest of the state. The Government made legislative provision for 1 am lockouts in entertainment precincts but at the time of writing has not committed to introducing them. Lockouts, also known as one-way-doors, permit patrons to remain drinking in premises until last drinks but deny entry to new patrons...
November 3, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800706/biologist-edwin-grant-conklin-and-the-idea-of-the-religious-direction-of-human-evolution-in-the-early-1920s
#16
Alexander Pavuk
Edwin Grant Conklin, renowned US embryologist and evolutionary popularizer, publicly advocated a social vision of evolution that intertwined science and modernist Protestant theology in the early 1920s. The moral prestige of professional science in American culture - along with Conklin's own elite scientific status - diverted attention from the frequency with which his work crossed boundaries between natural science, religion and philosophy. Writing for broad audiences, Conklin was one of the most significant of the religious and modernist biological scientists whose rhetoric went well beyond simply claiming that certain kinds of religion were amenable to evolutionary science; he instead incorporated religion itself into evolution's broadest workings...
November 1, 2016: Annals of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783545/estimating-the-value-of-new-technologies-that-provide-more-accurate-drug-adherence-information-to-providers-for-their-patients-with-schizophrenia
#17
Jason Shafrin, Taylor T Schwartz, Darius N Lakdawalla, Felicia M Forma
BACKGROUND: Nonadherence to antipsychotic medication among patients with schizophrenia results in poor symptom management and increased health care and other costs. Despite its health impact, medication adherence remains difficult to accurately assess. New technologies offer the possibility of real-time patient monitoring data on adherence, which may in turn improve clinical decision making. However, the economic benefit of accurate patient drug adherence information (PDAI) has yet to be evaluated...
November 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766961/vdjml-a-file-format-with-tools-for-capturing-the-results-of-inferring-immune-receptor-rearrangements
#18
Inimary T Toby, Mikhail K Levin, Edward A Salinas, Scott Christley, Sanchita Bhattacharya, Felix Breden, Adam Buntzman, Brian Corrie, John Fonner, Namita T Gupta, Uri Hershberg, Nishanth Marthandan, Aaron Rosenfeld, William Rounds, Florian Rubelt, Walter Scarborough, Jamie K Scott, Mohamed Uduman, Jason A Vander Heiden, Richard H Scheuermann, Nancy Monson, Steven H Kleinstein, Lindsay G Cowell
BACKGROUND: The genes that produce antibodies and the immune receptors expressed on lymphocytes are not germline encoded; rather, they are somatically generated in each developing lymphocyte by a process called V(D)J recombination, which assembles specific, independent gene segments into mature composite genes. The full set of composite genes in an individual at a single point in time is referred to as the immune repertoire. V(D)J recombination is the distinguishing feature of adaptive immunity and enables effective immune responses against an essentially infinite array of antigens...
October 6, 2016: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763404/walter-odington-s-i-de-etate-mundi-i-and-the-pursuit-of-a-scientific-chronology-in-medieval-england
#19
Carl Philipp Nothaft
This article deals with a forgotten treatise on the age of the world, written between 1308 and 1316 by Walter Odington, a monk of Evesham Abbey, otherwise known for his writings on alchemy and music theory. By tracing the sources and rationale behind Odington's arguments and comparing them with those of other medieval authors, the article attempts to shed new light on the state of chronological scholarship in England in the eleventh to fourteenth centuries, when astronomical and astrological methods were freely used to supplement or replace scriptural interpretation, yielding creative and unexpected results...
2016: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734660/art-of-medical-writing-choosing-right-journal-for-a-scientific-paper
#20
B Sadananda Naik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
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