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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228185/knowledge-of-childhood-materiality-text-and-the-history-of-science-an-interdisciplinary-round-table-discussion
#1
Felix Rietmann, Mareike Schildmann, Caroline Arni, Daniel Thomas Cook, Davide Giuriato, Novina Göhlsdorf, Wangui Muigai
This round table discussion takes the diversity of discourse and practice shaping modern knowledge about childhood as an opportunity to engage with recent historiographical approaches in the history of science. It draws attention to symmetries and references among scientific, material, literary and artistic cultures and their respective forms of knowledge. The five participating scholars come from various fields in the humanities and social sciences and allude to historiographical and methodological questions through a range of examples...
February 23, 2017: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225287/-predatory-journals-how-their-publishers-operate-and-how-to-avoid-them
#2
Jiří Kratochvíl, Lukáš Plch
Authors who publish in scientific or scholarly journals today face the risk of publishing in so-called predatory journals. These journals exploit the noble idea of the Open Access movement, whose goal is to make the latest scientific findings available for free. Predatory journals, unlike the reputable ones working on an Open Access basis, neglect the review process and publish low-quality submissions. The basic attributes of predatory journals are a very quick review process or even none at all, failure to be transparent about author fees for publishing an article, misleading potential authors by imitating the names of well-established journals, and false information on indexing in renowned databases or assigned impact factor...
2017: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213493/development-of-the-critical-care-pharmacotherapy-trials-network
#3
Seth R Bauer, Prasad E Abraham, Jeffrey F Barletta, Gretchen M Brophy, Brian L Erstad, Jeffrey P Gonzales, Curtis E Haas, Robert MacLaren, Eric W Mueller, Keith M Olsen, Ishaq Lat
PURPOSE: The development of the Critical Care Pharmacotherapy Trials Network (CCPTN) as a model for practice-based pharmacotherapy research is described. SUMMARY: The CCPTN was formed in 2010 as a collaborative research network dedicated to scientific investigation in the field of critical care pharmacotherapy. The CCPTN organizational structure is consistent with many professional pharmacy and interdisciplinary organizations and organized into 3 primary domains: executive committee, working committees, and network membership...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212419/evaluating-the-lexico-grammatical-differences-in-the-writing-of-native-and-non-native-speakers-of-english-in-peer-reviewed-medical-journals-in-the-field-of-pediatric-oncology-creation-of-the-genuine-index-scoring-system
#4
Alberto Alexander Gayle, Motomu Shimaoka
INTRODUCTION: The predominance of English in scientific research has created hurdles for "non-native speakers" of English. Here we present a novel application of native language identification (NLI) for the assessment of medical-scientific writing. For this purpose, we created a novel classification system whereby scoring would be based solely on text features found to be distinctive among native English speakers (NS) within a given context. We dubbed this the "Genuine Index" (GI). METHODOLOGY: This methodology was validated using a small set of journals in the field of pediatric oncology...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205084/-the-republic-of-humours-scholarly-quarrels-in-bayle-s-dictionary
#5
Isabelle Moreau
Quarrelling is a 'routine' activity of the Republic of Letters. This article demonstrates that quarrels played a key role in the field of historical criticism. The contention of this article is twofold. First, it explores the epistemological issues raised by Bayle while reporting the quarrels of the Republic of Letters, and demonstrates their creative potential, thus applying to historiography conclusions drawn by recent research on scientific controversies. It offers a new understanding of scholarly quarrels, here understood as a socially and intellectually structuring activity...
December 2016: Revue de Synthèse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195017/book-review-how-not-to-write-a-medical-paper-heinemann-markus-k-how-not-to-write-a-medical-paper-uttar-pradesh-thieme-medical-and-scientific-2016-paperback-illustrated-104-pages-10-99
#6
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194338/development-of-medical-writing-in-india-past-present-and-future
#7
REVIEW
Suhasini Sharma
Pharmaceutical medical writing has grown significantly in India in the last couple of decades. It includes preparing regulatory, safety, and publication documents as well as educational and communication material related to health and health-care products. Medical writing requires medical understanding, knowledge of drug development and the regulatory and safety domains, understanding of research methodologies, and awareness of relevant regulations and guidelines. It also requires the ability to analyze, interpret, and present biomedical scientific data in the required format and good writing skills...
January 2017: Perspectives in Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194230/what-are-the-personal-and-professional-characteristics-that-distinguish-the-researchers-who-publish-in-high-and-low-impact-journals-a-multi-national-web-based-survey
#8
Carlos Eduardo Paiva, Raphael L C Araujo, Bianca Sakamoto Ribeiro Paiva, Cristiano de Pádua Souza, Flavio Mavignier Cárcano, Marina Moreira Costa, Sérgio Vicente Serrano, João Paulo Nogueira Lima
PURPOSE: This study identifies the personal and professional profiles of researchers with a greater potential to publish high-impact academic articles. METHOD: The study involved conducting an international survey of journal authors using a web-based questionnaire. The survey examined personal characteristics, funding, and the perceived barriers of research quality, work-life balance, and satisfaction and motivation in relation to career. The processes of manuscript writing and journal publication were measured using an online questionnaire that was developed for this study...
2017: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134405/-bibliometric-indicators-of-nephrology-journals-strengths-and-weaknesses
#9
Antonio Maria Torrisi, Antonio Granata
Scientific journals are an important communication tool through which authors, publishers, editors, readers, librarians support the circulation of information. How do I select the journal to submit for publication? How can my research have the widest circulation? How can I make my article and my scientific activities to be positively considered by assessment boards? These are some of the main questions that arise when an author chooses to write an article. The research evaluation can be based on qualitative indicators such as the peer review and/or quantities of a not bibliometric or bibliometric type, such as the Impact Factor or SCImago Journal Rank indicator...
November 2016: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114984/professionalism-professionalization-expertise-and-compassion-a-qualitative-study-of-medical-residents
#10
Susan P Phillips, Nancy Dalgarno
BACKGROUND: Formal and informal medical curricula convey expectations about professionalization, that is, the development of physician identity, and also about professionalism. This study examined whether, in general, junior residents experienced any dissonance between these roles and focused particularly on how they negotiated conflicts between compassion, self-care, duty and medical expertise. METHODS: In 2015, purposive sampling was used to select 21 first-year residents at a Canadian medical school...
January 23, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101274/enhancing-scientific-literacy-in-the-undergraduate-cell-biology-laboratory-classroom
#11
Hadiya Woodham, Gili Marbach-Ad, Gretchen Downey, Erika Tomei, Katerina Thompson
This paper describes the implementation of the Scientific Literacy in Cell Biology (SLCB) curriculum in an undergraduate biology laboratory course. The SLCB curriculum incorporated the reading and discussion of primary literature into hands-on and collaborative practical experiences. It was implemented in five stages over an 11-week period, during which students were also introduced to the theory and practice of common cell biology techniques. We report on the effectiveness of the course, as measured by pre- and post-course survey data probing students' content knowledge and their level of familiarity, confidence, and experience with different skills pertaining to analyzing (reading, interpreting, and discussing) primary literature...
December 2016: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099563/brazilian-guidelines-for-endovascular-treatment-of-patients-with-acute-ischemic-stroke
#12
Octávio Marques Pontes-Neto, Pedro Cougo, Sheila Cristina Ouriques Martins, Daniel G Abud, Raul G Nogueira, Maramélia Miranda, Luiz Henrique de Castro-Afonso, Leticia C Rebello, José Guilherme M Pereira Caldas, Rodrigo Bazan, Daniel C Bezerra, Marco Tulio Rezende, Gabriel R de Freitas, Alexandre Longo, Pedro Magalhães, João José Freitas de Carvalho, Francisco José Montalverne, Fabricio Oliveira Lima, Gustavo H V Andrade, Ayrton R Massaro, Jamary Oliveira-Filho, Rubens Gagliardi, Gisele Sampaio Silva
These guidelines are the result of a joint effort from writing groups of the Brazilian Stroke Society, the Scientific Department of Cerebrovascular Diseases of the Brazilian Academy of Neurology, the Brazilian Stroke Network and the Brazilian Society of Diagnostic and Therapeutic Neuroradiology. Members from these groups participated in web-based discussion forums with predefined themes, followed by videoconference meetings in which controversies and position statements were discussed, leading to a consensus...
January 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092138/nursing-students-attitudes-toward-research-and-development-within-nursing-does-writing-a-bachelor-thesis-make-a-difference
#13
Aynur Uysal Toraman, Güler Hamaratçılar, Begüm Tülü, Özüm Erkin
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of writing a bachelor's thesis on nursing students' attitudes towards research and development in nursing. The study sample consisted of 91 nursing students who were required to complete a bachelor's thesis and 89 nursing students who were not required to complete a bachelor's thesis. Data were collected via self-report questionnaire that was distributed in May and June 2012. The questionnaire comprised 3 parts: (1) demographic items; (2) questions about "scientific activities," and (3) the nursing students' attitudes towards and awareness of research and development within nursing scale (version 2)...
January 16, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080071/nanoscale-engineering-in-vo2-nanowires-via-direct-electron-writing-process
#14
Zhenhua Zhang, Hua Guo, Wenqiang Ding, Bin Zhang, Yue Lu, Xiaoxing Ke, Weiwei Liu, Furong Chen, Manling Sui
Controlling phase transition in functional materials at nanoscale is not only of broad scientific interest but also important for practical applications in the fields of renewable energy, information storage, transducer, sensor, and so forth. As a model functional material, vanadium dioxide (VO2) has its metal-insulator transition (MIT) usually at a sharp temperature around 68 °C. Here, we report a focused electron beam can directly lower down the transition temperature of a nanoarea to room temperature without prepatterning the VO2...
January 17, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077910/the-first-mediterranean-seminar-on-science-writing-editing-and-publishing-sarajevo-december-2-3-2016
#15
REVIEW
Izet Masic, Doncho Donev, Osman Sinanovic, Miro Jakovljevic, Enver Zerem, Dejan B Milosevic, Srecko Gajovic, Armen Yuri Gasparyan, Sekib Sokolovic, Nermin Salkic, Selma Uzunovic, Silva Dobric, Floreta Kurti, Edin Begic, Admir Kurtcehajic
The First Mediterranean Seminar on Science Writing, Editing & Publishing (SWEP 2016) was held in Sarajevo, Bosnia & Herzegovina from 2nd to 3rd December 2016. It was organized by Academy of Medical Sciences of Bosnia and Herzegovina, running concurrent sessions as part of its Annual Meeting titled " "Days of AMNuBiH - Theory and Practice in Science Communication and Scientometrics". Hotel Bosnia in the city centre was the chosen venue. On the first day, nineteen presentations on various issues of science writing and publication ethics were delivered by speakers from Croatia, Serbia, Macedonia, Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina and the UK (Asim Kurjak, Milivoj Boranić, Doncho Donev, Osman Sinanović, Miro Jakovljević, Enver Zerem, Dejan Milošević, Silva Dobrić, Srećko Gajović, Izet Mašić, Armen Yuri Gasparyan, Šekib Sokolović, Nermin Salkić, Selma Uzunović, Admir Kurtčehajić, Edin Begić and Floreta Kurti)...
December 2016: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077907/how-to-compose-write-and-publish-a-scientific-or-professional-communication
#16
REVIEW
Milivoj Boranic
There is an ample number of recommendations, guides and monographs addressing the art of composing and publishing written, oral or visual communications in science and various professions. In order to write an article, autors have to follow certain rules. Presentation of the article (oral or poster presentation) also requires skill, meaning that you have to fulfill certain guidelines and regulations.
December 2016: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076510/writing-scientific-articles-like-a-native-english-speaker-concise-writing-for-portuguese-speakers
#17
EDITORIAL
Mariel A Marlow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061991/combination-therapy-for-fit-younger-and-older-newly-diagnosed-multiple-myeloma-patients-data-support-carfilzomib-lenalidomide-and-dexamethasone-independent-of-cytogenetic-risk-status
#18
REVIEW
Ola Landgren
In this invited paper, I was asked to critically review available literature and seek scientific and clinical evidence to argue in support of carfilzomib, lenalidomide, and dexamethasone (KRd) as the new default therapy for fit patients with a new diagnosis of multiple myeloma (MM). When performing the review of existing data and when writing this paper it became clear to me that both KRd and bortezomib, lenalidomide, and dexamethasone (RVd) are both recommended by established, well-respected expert guidelines...
December 2016: Seminars in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060466/progression-in-the-fountain-pen-approach-from-2d-writing-to-3d-free-form-micro-nanofabrication
#19
Jung Ho Je, Jong-Man Kim, Justyn Jaworski
The fountain pen approach, as a means for transferring materials to substrates, has shown numerous incarnations in recent years for creating 2D micro/nanopatterns and even generating 3D free-form nanostructures using a variety of material "inks". While the idea of filled reservoirs used to deliver material to a substrate via a capillary remains unchanged since antiquity, the advent of precise micromanipulation systems and functional material "inks" allows the extension of this mechanism to more high-tech applications...
January 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052421/additive-manufacturing-of-metal-structures-at-the-micrometer-scale
#20
Luca Hirt, Alain Reiser, Ralph Spolenak, Tomaso Zambelli
Currently, the focus of additive manufacturing (AM) is shifting from simple prototyping to actual production. One driving factor of this process is the ability of AM to build geometries that are not accessible by subtractive fabrication techniques. While these techniques often call for a geometry that is easiest to manufacture, AM enables the geometry required for best performance to be built by freeing the design process from restrictions imposed by traditional machining. At the micrometer scale, the design limitations of standard fabrication techniques are even more severe...
January 4, 2017: Advanced Materials
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