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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944711/a-hybrid-composite-system-of-biphasic-calcium-phosphate-granules-loaded-with-hyaluronic-acid-gelatin-hydrogel-for-bone-regeneration
#1
Omar Faruq, Boram Kim, Andrew R Padalhin, Gun Hee Lee, Byong-Taek Lee
An ideal bone substitute should be made of biocompatible materials that mimic the structure, characteristics, and functions of natural bone. Many researchers have worked on the fabrication of different bone scaffold systems including ceramic-polymer hybrid system. In the present study, we incorporated hyaluronic acid-gelatin hydrogel to micro-channeled biphasic calcium phosphate granules as a carrier to improve cell attachment and proliferation through highly interconnected porous structure. This hybrid system is composed of ceramic biphasic calcium phosphate granules measuring 1 mm in diameter with seven holes and hyaluronic acid-gelatin hydrogel...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943752/experimental-determination-of-partitioning-in-the-fe-ni-system-for-applications-to-modeling-meteoritic-metals
#2
Nancy L Chabot, E Alex Wollack, William F McDonough, Richard D Ash, Sarah A Saslow
Experimental trace element partitioning values are often used to model the chemical evolution of metallic phases in meteorites, but limited experimental data were previously available to constrain the partitioning behavior in the basic Fe-Ni system. In this study, we conducted experiments that produced equilibrium solid metal and liquid metal phases in the Fe-Ni system and measured the partition coefficients of 25 elements. The results are in good agreement with values modeled from IVB iron meteorites and with the limited previous experimental data...
June 2017: Meteoritics & Planetary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942189/anionically-reinforced-hydrogel-network-entrapped-fungal-cells-for-retention-of-cadmium-in-the-contaminated-aquatic-media
#3
Sema Çelik, Sibel Tunali Akar, Musa Şölener, Tamer Akar
A novel biomass/polymer composite was fabricated by embedding Thamnidium elegans cells in acrylic network of p(3-Methoxyprophyl)acrylamide p(MPA) enriched with 2-Akrylamido-2-methyl-1-propane sulfonic acid (AMPS). Cd(II) retention potential of hydrogel (p(MPA-co-AMPS)) increased by 20.66% times after this enrichment. The gel matrix could be effectively entrapped the biomass and resulting sorbent applied to remove Cd(II) from water in batch and continuous modes. The main physico-chemical parameters are discussed in addition to characterization, regeneration and application studies of the suggested sorbent...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941900/model-for-listeria-monocytogenes-inactivation-by-high-hydrostatic-pressure-processing-in-spanish-chorizo-sausage
#4
Begoña Rubio, Arícia Possas, Francisco Rincón, Rosa María García-Gímeno, Beatríz Martínez
A central composite design was implemented to study the effect of three factors on HHP-induced L. monocytogenes inactivation in Spanish chorizo sausage, in order to increase its effectiveness: product aw (0.79-0.92), pressure intensities (349-600 MPa, at 18 °C) and holding time (0-12.53 min). Response surface methodology was implemented with backward stepwise regression to generate a model that best fitted to the experimental data. All the three factors studied significantly influenced HHP inactivation of L...
February 2018: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941895/microbiological-stabilization-of-tiger-nuts-milk-beverage-using-ultra-high-pressure-homogenization-a-preliminary-study-on-microbial-shelf-life-extension
#5
I Codina-Torrella, B Guamis, A Zamora, J M Quevedo, A J Trujillo
Tiger nuts' milk beverages are highly perishable products. For this reason, the interest of food industry for their commercialization makes necessary the application of preservation treatments to prolong their shelf-life. In the current study, the effect of ultra-high pressure homogenization (UHPH) on the microbiological and sensory qualities of tiger nuts' milk beverage was evaluated. Characteristics of UHPH-treated products (at 200 and 300 MPa, with inlet temperature of 40 °C) were compared with those of raw (RP) and conventionally homogenized-pasteurized (H-P) beverages, after treatment and during cold storage at 4 °C...
February 2018: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941462/skq1-regulates-expression-of-nrf2-are-controlled-genes-encoding-antioxidant-enzymes-and-their-activity-in-cerebral-cortex-under-oxidative-stress
#6
V V Vnukov, O I Gutsenko, N P Milyutina, I V Kornienko, A A Ananyan, A A Plotnikov, S B Panina
The administration of SkQ1 to rats at the dose of 50 nmol/kg for five days significantly increased the mRNA levels of transcription factor Nrf2 and of Nrf2-controlled genes encoding antioxidant enzymes SOD1, SOD2, CAT, and GPx4, whereas changes in the level of mRNA of SOD3 in the cerebral cortex of the rat brain were not significant. This was accompanied by activation of antioxidant enzymes (SOD, CAT, GPx, and GST) and increase in reduced glutathione concentration. Under oxidative stress induced by hyperoxia (0...
August 2017: Biochemistry. Biokhimii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940613/the-full-pressure-temperature-phase-envelope-of-a-mixture-in-1000-microfluidic-chambers
#7
Yi Xu, Jason Riordon, Xiang Cheng, Bo Bao, David Sinton
Knowing the thermodynamic state of complex mixtures - liquid, gas, supercritical or two-phase - is essential to industrial chemical processes. Traditionally, phase diagrams are compiled piecemeal from individual measurements in a pressure-volume-temperature cell performed in series, where each point is subject to a long fluid equilibrium time. Herein, 1,000 microfluidic chambers, each isolated by a liquid piston and set to a different pressure and temperature combination, provide the complete pressure-temperature phase diagram of a hydrocarbon mixture at once, including the thermodynamic phase envelope...
September 21, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939840/tuneable-pressure-effects-in-graphene-oxide-layers
#8
Yusuke Sekimoto, Ryo Ohtani, Masaaki Nakamura, Michio Koinuma, Leonard F Lindoy, Shinya Hayami
Tuneable pressure effects associated with changing interlayer distances in two-dimensional graphene oxide (GO)/reduced GO (rGO) layers are demonstrated through monitoring the changes in the spin-crossover (SCO) temperature (T 1/2) of [Fe(Htrz)2(trz)](BF4) nanoparticles (NPs) incorporated in the interlayer spaces of the GO/rGO layers. The interlayer separation along the GO to GO/rGO-NP composites to rGO series decreases smoothly from 9.00 Å (for GO) to 3.50 Å (for rGO) as the temperature employed for the thermal reduction treatments of the GO-NP composites is increased...
September 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939835/simultaneous-increase-in-strength-and-ductility-by-decreasing-interface-energy-between-zn-and-al-phases-in-cast-al-zn-cu-alloy
#9
Seung Zeon Han, Eun-Ae Choi, Hyun Woong Park, Sung Hwan Lim, Jehyun Lee, Jee Hyuk Ahn, Nong-Moon Hwang, Kwangho Kim
Cast-Al alloys that include a high amount of the second element in their matrix have comparatively high strength but low ductility because of the high volume fraction of strengthening phases or undesirable inclusions. Al-Zn alloys that have more than 30 wt% Zn have a tensile strength below 300 MPa, with elongation under 5% in the as-cast state. However, we found that after substitution of 2% Zn by Cu, the tensile strength of as-cast Al-Zn-Cu alloys was 25% higher and ductility was four times higher than for the corresponding Al-35% Zn alloy...
September 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938710/hormone-therapy-use-and-risk-of-chronic-disease-in-the-nurses-health-study-a-comparative-analysis-with-the-women-s-health-initiative
#10
Shilpa N Bhupathiraju, Francine Grodstein, Bernard A Rosner, Meir J Stampfer, Frank B Hu, Walter C Willett, JoAnn E Manson
Observational studies and randomized controlled trials of menopausal hormone therapy (HT) and chronic disease risk appear to have divergent results for cardiovascular disease. However, differences may be related to a modifying effect of age, time since menopause, and HT formulation. In the Nurses' Health Study (NHS) (enrolling during 1980-1994 and following participants until 2002), we investigated associations between the use of oral conjugated equine estrogens (CEE) (0.625 mg/day) plus medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) (<10 mg/day) or oral CEE alone and cardiovascular disease, cancer, all-cause mortality, and other major endpoints among postmenopausal women, aged 50-79 years at HT initiation...
September 15, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938437/progressive-fibrosis-a-progesterone-and-klf11-mediated-sexually-dimorphic-female-response
#11
Chandra C Shenoy, Zaraq Khan, Ye Zheng, Tiffanny L Jones, Khashayarsha Khazaie, Gaurang S Daftary
Progressive scarring is ubiquitous post-operatively and in an array of chronic systemic diseases. Recent studies indicate that such scarring has high female propensity; females are also almost exclusively affected by endometriosis, a common sex steroid dependent fibrotic disease. Endometriosis related fibrosis is regulated epigenetically through transcription factor Krüppel-like factor 11(KLF11). In response to surgical induction of endometriosis, Klf11-/- female mice develop significant fibrosis in contrast to wild-type mice...
August 11, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938201/achieving-enhanced-denitrification-via-hydrocyclone-treatment-on-mixed-liquor-recirculation-in-the-anoxic-aerobic-process
#12
Yi Liu, Hualin Wang, Yinxiang Xu, Qingsong Tu, Xiurong Chen
This work presents the novel application of hydrocyclones for mixed liquor recirculation (MLR) treatment in the anoxic/aerobic (A/O) process to enhance the denitrification process. An exhaustive investigation on treated activated sludge and A/O effluents was conducted in batch and continuous operation tests. The median diameter of the sludge flocs was decreased from 78.82 μm to 15.77-23.31 μm, and the extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) desorption was observed, thus leading to the release of the soluble chemical oxygen demand (SCOD)...
September 12, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936294/microtensile-bond-strength-of-bulk-fill-restorative-composites-to-dentin
#13
Jyothi Mandava, Divya-Prasanna Vegesna, Ravichandra Ravi, Mohan-Rao Boddeda, Lakshman-Varma Uppalapati, M D Ghazanfaruddin
BACKGROUND: To facilitate the easier placement of direct resin composite in deeper cavities, bulk fill composites have been introduced. The Mechanical stability of fillings in stress bearing areas restored with bulk-fill resin composites is still open to question, since long term clinical studies are not available so far. Thus, the objective of the study was to evaluate and compare the microtensile bond strength of three bulk-fill restorative composites with a nanohybrid composite. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Class I cavities were prepared on sixty extracted mandibular molars...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936040/evaluation-and-comparison-of-shear-bond-strength-of-porcelain-to-a-beryllium-free-alloy-of-nickel-chromium-nickel-and-beryllium-free-alloy-of-cobalt-chromium-and-titanium-an-in-vitro-study
#14
Ananya Singh, Keerthi Ramachandra, Achut R Devarhubli
AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the shear bond strength of porcelain to the alloys of nickel-chromium (Ni-Cr), cobalt-chromium (Co-Cr), and titanium. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 40 samples (25 mm × 3 mm × 0.5 mm) were fabricated using smooth casting wax and cast using Ni-Cr, Co-Cr, and titanium alloys followed by porcelain buildup. The samples were divided into four groups with each group containing 10 samples (Group A1-10: sandblasted Ni-Cr alloy, Group B1-10: sandblasted Co-Cr alloy, Group C1-10: nonsandblasted titanium alloy, and Group D1-10: sandblasted titanium alloy)...
July 2017: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935483/force-and-deformation-stresses-in-customized-and-non-customized-plates-during-simulation-of-advancement-genioplasty
#15
V F Ramos, L A P F Pinto, R T Basting
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the distribution of deformation stresses in customized and non-customized plates during simulated advancement genioplasty, using the finite element method. METHODS: A customized plate (Traumec) was developed with 4.75 mm advancement, in ASTM F67 Grade 2 titanium, with four screws. Non-customized (standard) plates with 6 mm advancement (Stryker with six screws and Osteomed with four screws) were used for comparison...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932653/a-bio-inspired-approach-for-the-design-of-a-multifunctional-robotic-end-effector-customized-for-automated-maintenance-of-a-reconfigurable-vibrating-screen
#16
O A Makinde, K Mpofu, R Vrabic, B I Ramatsetse
The development of a robotic-driven maintenance solution capable of automatically maintaining reconfigurable vibrating screen (RVS) machine when utilized in dangerous and hazardous underground mining environment has called for the design of a multifunctional robotic end-effector capable of carrying out all the maintenance tasks on the RVS machine. In view of this, the paper presents a bio-inspired approach which unfolds the design of a novel multifunctional robotic end-effector embedded with mechanical and control mechanisms capable of automatically maintaining the RVS machine...
2017: Robotics and Biomimetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932151/influence-of-irrigating-agents-on-fiber-postpush-out-bond-strength-to-radicular-dentin-sections-with-the-different-adhesive-system
#17
Satheesh B Haralur, Asim Nasser A Alasabi, Sultan A Abohathrah Al Qahtani, Saeed Musleh S Alqahtani
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of irrigating agents on push-out bond strength of resin postcemented with various adhesive systems at different radicular dentin sections. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty single-rooted premolar teeth were root canal treated, subsequently decorated at cementoenamel junction. The endodontic postspace was irrigated with 5.25% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and 17% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) for Group A (n = 30) and Group B (n = 30), respectively...
July 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931873/characterization-of-methane-excess-and-absolute-adsorption-in-various-clay-nanopores-from-molecular-simulation
#18
Yuanyuan Tian, Changhui Yan, Zhehui Jin
In this work, we use grand canonical Monte Carlo (GCMC) simulation to study methane adsorption in various clay nanopores and analyze different approaches to characterize the absolute adsorption. As an important constituent of shale, clay minerals can have significant amount of nanopores, which greatly contribute to the gas-in-place in shale. In previous works, absolute adsorption is often calculated from the excess adsorption and bulk liquid phase density of absorbate. We find that methane adsorbed phase density keeps increasing with pressure up to 80 MPa...
September 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931865/use-of-medroxyprogesterone-acetate-in-women-with-ovarian-endometriosis-undergoing-controlled-ovarian-hyperstimulation-for-in-vitro-fertilization
#19
Haiyan Guo, Yun Wang, Qiuju Chen, Weiran Chai, Lihua Sun, Ai Ai, Yonglun Fu, Qifeng Lyu, Yanping Kuang
This study investigated the use of medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) or a short protocol for controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) in patients with advanced endometriosis who have normal ovarian function, and to compare cycle characteristics and pregnancy outcomes after frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET). This was a retrospective case-control study of 244 patients with advanced endometriosis undering COH. The patients were allocated to three groups: the surgery group with MPA COH (62 patients, 71 IVF/ICSI cycles, 78 FET cycles); the aspiration group with MPA COH (85 patients had ovarian "chocolate" cysts (>3 cm) aspirated, 90 IVF/ICSI cycles, 76 FET cycles); and the short protocol group (97 patients, 101 IVF/ICSI cycles, 51 FET cycles)...
September 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930189/microstructural-investigation-of-heat-treated-ultra-high-performance-concrete-for-optimum-production
#20
Sung-Hoon Kang, Ji-Hyung Lee, Sung-Gul Hong, Juhyuk Moon
For optimum production of ultra-high performance concrete (UHPC), the material and microstructural properties of UHPC cured under various heat treatment (HT) conditions are studied. The effects of HT temperature and duration on the hydration reaction, microstructure, and mechanical properties of UHPC are investigated. Increasing HT temperature accelerates both cement hydration and pozzolanic reaction, but the latter is more significantly affected. This accelerated pozzolanic reaction in UHPC clearly enhances compressive strength...
September 20, 2017: Materials
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