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I Ben Ghorbel, N Belfeki, N Baouendi, T Ben Salem, M H Houman
Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) is more frequent in Northern rather than Southern countries. Very few studies have been conducted in Africa. We have performed a retrospective descriptive study including clinical and laboratory profiles of 30 Tunisian GPA patients seen at the department of Internal Medicine of the University Hospital of la Rabta from 2000 to 2014. Mean age at initial GPA diagnosis was 46±12 years, and the average number of months between the onset of symptoms and diagnosis was 25. Seventeen (56%) were male, and 13 (44%) were female...
May 22, 2017: Reumatismo
Mikhail Dunaevskiy, Pavel Geydt, Erkki Lahderanta, Prokhor Anatolevich Alekseev, Tuomas August Erik Haggren, Joona-Pekko Petteri Kakko, Hua Jiang, Harri Lipsanen
The Young's modulus of thin conical InP nanowires with either wurtzite or mixed "zinc blende/wurtzite" structures was measured. It has been shown that the value of Young's modulus obtained for wurtzite InP nanowires (E[0001]=130 ± 30 GPa) was similar to the theoretically predicted value for the wurtzite InP material (E[0001]=120 ± 10 GPa). The Young's modulus of mixed "zinc blende/wurtzite" InP nanowires (E[111]=65 ± 10 GPa) appeared to be 40% less then theoretically predicted value for the zinc blende InP material (E[111]=110 GPa)...
May 23, 2017: Nano Letters
M Mahdi Davari Esfahani, Qiang Zhu, Huafeng Dong, Artem R Oganov, Shengnan Wang, Maksim S Rakitin, Xiang-Feng Zhou
With the motivation of searching for new superconductors in the Mg-B system, we performed ab initio evolutionary searches for all the stable compounds in this binary system in the pressure range of 0-200 GPa. We found previously unknown, yet thermodynamically stable, compositions MgB3 and Mg3B10. Experimentally known MgB2 is stable in the entire pressure range 0-200 GPa, while MgB7 and MgB12 are stable at pressures below 90 GPa and 35 GPa, respectively. We predict a reentrant behavior for MgB4, which becomes unstable against decomposition into MgB2 and MgB7 at 4 GPa and then becomes stable above 61 GPa...
May 23, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Kun Yao, Shu Huang, Hu Tang, Yeping Xu, Gerd Buntkowsky, Lars A Berglund, Qi Zhou
The interfacial adhesion design between "mortar" and "bricks" is essential for mechanical and barrier performance of nanocellulose-based nacre-mimetic nanocomposites, especially at high moisture conditions. To address this fundamental challenge, dopamine (DA) has been conjugated to cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) and subsequently assembled with montmorillonite (MTM) to generate layered nanocomposite films inspired by the strong adhesion of mussel adhesive proteins to inorganic surfaces under water. The selective formation of catechol/metal ion chelation and hydrogen bonding at the interface between MTM platelets and CNFs bearing DA renders transparent films with strong mechanical properties, particularly at high humidity and in wet state...
May 22, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Zhenghao Liu, Bingxi Lei, Meiguang Zheng, Zhongjun Li, Shuaibin Huang, Yuefei Deng
BACKGROUD: Brain metastases are the most common malignant intracranial tumors,however, the prognosis of patients is still poor despite multiple treatment have been applicated.The aim of this study was to analyse parameters influence overall survival from patient, tumor and treatment. Summarized characteristics of long-time(>2 years) survivors furtherly. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, clinical data of 125patients between 2004 and 2015 were collected and the parameters from patients, tumor and treatment were evaluated...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
Archana Sonawale, Anjali Rajadhyaksha, Shreepriya Mangalgi
A 44 year old lady presented with acute onset of loss of vision in the right eye and cough with mucopurulent expectoration for two months. Ophthalmic examination revealed central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO). Chest radiograph showed multiple cavitatory nodules with fluid levels. Sputum was negative for AFB and ANCA was strongly positive suggestive of a diagnosis of Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (GPA). Within the next few weeks the patient had rapid detenoration due to left eye CRAO, progressive bilateral hearing loss, facial palsy and retro orbital mass...
April 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Wei Li, Ping Liu, Zenghui Xue, Fengcang Ma, Ke Zhang, Xiaohong Chen, Rui Feng, Peter K Liaw
Currently, the arguments have existed in the strengthening mechanism and microstructural model of the nanocomposite film due to lack of the convincible experimental evidences. In this investigation, the quarternary TiSiCN nanocomposite films with the different C and Si contents are synthesized by the reactive-magnetron-sputtering technique. The TiSiCN film is characterized as the nanocomposite structure with the TiN nanocrystallites surrounded by the (Si3N4 + C + CNx) interface phase. When the C/Si content ratio is 2:2, the TiSiCN nanocomposite film is remarkably strengthened with the maximal hardness and elastic modulus of 46...
May 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
Malwina K Grobelna, Hubert Stępak, Barbara Kołodziejczak, Łukasz Dzieciuchowicz, Grzegorz Oszkinis
AIM: Under the supervision of the Department of General and Vascular Surgery of Poznan University of Medical Sciences, a questionnaire was distributed online or as a paper version to medical students (MSs) in order to better understand the attitudes towards surgery as a specialty and to determine the reasons why students do and do not choose vascular surgery as their career path. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The questionnaire was distributed online or as a paper version to MSs in the 3rd, 5th, and 6th year of the PUMS 6-year M...
February 28, 2017: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
Jens Thiel, Marta Rizzi, Marie Engesser, Ann-Kathrin Dufner, Arianna Troilo, Raquel Lorenzetti, Reinhard E Voll, Nils Venhoff
BACKGROUND: B cell depletion with rituximab (RTX) is approved for treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and ANCA-associated vasculitides (AAV). Recently, RTX has been shown to be effective in AAV maintenance therapy, but an optimal RTX treatment schedule is unknown and the time to B cell repopulation after RTX has not been studied. METHODS: Retrospective single-center analysis of B cell repopulation in patients with AAV, RA or connective tissue disease (CTD) treated with RTX...
May 18, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
Alexandre Wagner Silva de Souza, Mirjan van Timmeren, Jan-Stephan Sanders, Coen Stegeman, Peter Heeringa, Cees G M Kallenberg, Johanna Westra
BACKGROUND: Macrophages may present two distinct phenotypes indicated as M1 and M2 under different stimuli. M1 and M2 macrophages have divergent functions that range from enhancement of inflammation for M1 to tissue repair and remodeling for M2 macrophages. The objective of this study was to evaluate the distribution of M1 and M2 macrophage phenotypes in biopsies from the airways of patients with active granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) and to analyze their associations with T and B cells in those biopsies, and with nasal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus, disease parameters and therapy...
May 18, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
Sergey V Ovsyannikov, Elena Bykova, Anna Pakhomova, Denis P Kozlenko, Maxim Bykov, Sergey E Kichanov, Natalia V Morozova, Igor V Korobeinikov, Fabrice Wilhelm, Andrei Rogalev, Alexander A Tsirlin, Alexander V Kurnosov, Yury G Zainulin, Nadezda I Kadyrova, Alexander P Tyutyunnik, Leonid Dubrovinsky
We investigated the structural, vibrational, magnetic, and electronic properties of the recently synthesized CaCo3V4O12 double perovskite with the high-spin (HS) Co(2+) ions in a square-planar oxygen coordination at extreme conditions of high pressures and low temperatures. The single-crystal X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy studies up to 60 GPa showed a conservation of its cubic crystal structure but indicated a crossover near 30 GPa. Above 30 GPa, we observed both an abnormally high "compressibility" of the Co-O bonds in the square-planar oxygen coordination and a huge anisotropic displacement of HS-Co(2+) ions in the direction perpendicular to the oxygen planes...
May 18, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
William P Clark, Simon Steinberg, Richard Dronskowski, Catherine McCammon, Ilya Kupenko, Maxim Bykov, Leonid Dubrovinsky, Lev G Akselrud, Ulrich Schwarz, Rainer Niewa
The combination of laser-heated diamond anvil cells and synchrotron Mössbauer source spectroscopy were used to investigate high-temperature high-pressure chemical reactions of iron and iron nitride Fe2 N with nitrogen. At pressures between 10 and 45 GPa, significant magnetic hyperfine splitting indicated compound formation after annealing at 1300 K. Subsequent in situ X-ray diffraction reveals a new modification of FeN with NiAs-type crystal structure, as also rationalized by first-principles total-energy and chemical-bonding studies...
May 18, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Derrick VanGennep, Daniel Jackson, David Graf, Helmuth Berger, James J Hamlin
We report measurements of Shubnikov-de Haas oscillations in the giant Rashba semiconductor BiTeCl under applied pressures up to ~2.5 GPa. We observe two distinct oscillation frequencies, corresponding to the Rashba-split inner and outer Fermi surfaces. BiTeCl has a conduction band bottom that is split into two sub-bands due to the strong Rashba coupling, resulting in two spin-polarized conduction bands as well as a Dirac point. Our results suggest that the chemical potential lies above this Dirac point, giving rise to two Fermi surfaces...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
Andrea M Griesinger, Davis A Witt, Sydney T Grob, Sabrina R Georgio Westover, Andrew M Donson, Bridget Sanford, Jean M Mulcahy Levy, Randall Wong, Daniel C Moreira, John A DeSisto, Ilango Balakrishnan, Lindsey M Hoffman, Michael H Handler, Kenneth L Jones, Rajeev Vibhakar, Sujatha Venkataraman, Nicholas K Foreman
Background.: Inflammation has been identified as a hallmark of high-risk Group A (GpA) ependymoma (EPN). Chronic interleukin (IL)-6 secretion from GpA tumors drives an immune suppressive phenotype by polarizing infiltrating monocytes. This study determines the mechanism by which IL-6 is dysregulated in GpA EPN. Methods.: Twenty pediatric GpA and 21 pediatric Group B (GpB) EPN had gene set enrichment analysis for MSigDB Hallmark gene sets performed. Protein and RNA from patients and cell lines were used to validate transcriptomic findings...
May 16, 2017: Neuro-oncology
Jennifer A Ciezak-Jenkins, Gustav M Borstad, Iskander G Batyrev
The high pressure behavior of 3,4-bis (4-nitro-1,2,5-oxadiazol-3-yl)-1,2,5-oxadiazole (LLM-172) has been studied to 36 GPa by Raman spectroscopy and 50 GPa by X-ray diffraction. Raman peaks exhibit a gradual broadening and loss of intensity upon compression to near 20 GPa. Above 20 GPa, most Raman features disappear with the exception of modes associated with the skeletal ring modes. These modes were found to persist (although with low intensity) to 36 GPa. As these modes exhibit very low compressibility over the pressure range studied, it is speculated that the ring structure is very stable...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
Alexey Klechikov, Jinhua Sun, Igor A Baburin, Gotthard Seifert, Anastasiia T Rebrikova, Natalya V Avramenko, Mikhail V Korobov, Alexandr V Talyzin
Multilayered intercalation of 1-octanol into the structure of Brodie graphite oxide (B-GO) was studied as a function of temperature and pressure. Reversible phase transition with the addition/removal of one layer of 1-octanol was found at 265 K by means of X-ray Diffraction (XRD) and Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC). The same transition was observed at ambient temperature upon a pressure increase above 0.6 GPa. This transition was interpreted as an incongruent melting of the low temperature/high pressure B-GO intercalated structure with five layers of 1-octanol parallel to GO sheets (L-solvate), resulting in the formation of a four-layered structure that is stable under ambient conditions (A-solvate)...
May 16, 2017: Nanoscale
Nasir Abbas, Iain D H Oswald, Colin R Pulham
High-pressure crystallisation has been successfully used as an alternative technique to prepare Form II of a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, mefenamic acid (MA). A single crystal of Form II, denoted as high-pressure Form II, was grown at 0.3 GPa from an ethanolic solution by using a diamond anvil cell. A comparison of the crystal structures shows that the efficient packing of molecules in Form II was enabled by the structural flexibility of MA molecules. Compression studies performed on a single crystal of Form I resulted in a 14% decrease of unit cell volume up to 2...
May 16, 2017: Pharmaceutics
Ken Niwa, Toshiki Terabe, Daiki Kato, Shin Takayama, Masahiko Kato, Kazuo Soda, Masashi Hasegawa
Highly coordinated iron and cobalt nitrides were successfully synthesized via direct chemical reaction between a transition metal and molecular nitrogen at pressures above approximately 30 GPa using a laser-heated diamond anvil cell. The synthesized novel transition metal nitrides were found to crystallize into the NiAs-type or marcasite-type structure. NiAs-type FeN could be quenched at ambient pressure, although it was gradually converted to the ZnS-type structure after the pressure was released. On the other hand, CoN was recovered with ZnS-type structure through a phase transition from NiAs-type structure at approximately a few gigapascals during decompression...
May 16, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Maximilian Amsler, S Shahab Naghavi, Chris Wolverton
The synthesis of materials in high-pressure experiments has recently attracted increasing attention, especially since the discovery of record breaking superconducting temperatures in the sulfur-hydrogen and other hydrogen-rich systems. Commonly, the initial precursor in a high pressure experiment contains constituent elements that are known to form compounds at ambient conditions, however the discovery of high-pressure phases in systems immiscible under ambient conditions poses an additional materials design challenge...
March 1, 2017: Chemical Science
Chai Hong Rim, Chiwhan Choi, Jinhyun Choi, Jinsil Seong
Background/Aims: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients with spinal metastasis (SM) show heterogeneous lengths of survival. In this study, we develop and propose a graded prognostic assessment for HCC patients with SM (HCC-SM GPA). Methods: We previously reported the outcomes of 192 HCC patients with SM who received radiotherapy from April 1992 to February 2012. Prognostic factors that significantly affected survival in that study were used to establish the HCC-SM GPA...
May 17, 2017: Gut and Liver
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