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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934794/effects-of-epidemiological-factors-and-pressure-pain-measurements-in-predicting-postoperative-pain-a-prospective-survey-of-1-002-chinese-patients
#1
Guangyou Duan, Shanna Guo, Yuhao Zhang, Ying Ying, Penghao Huang, Li Zhang, Xianwei Zhang
BACKGROUND: A high degree of inter-individual differences was noted in human basal pain as well as the reporting of clinical pain, such as postoperative pain. Understanding the effects of common epidemiological variations and preoperative experimental methods of human pain perception may contribute to individualized pain treatment for patients. OBJECTIVES: The current study was aimed to assess the role of epidemiological factors and preoperative experimental pain sensitivity for predicting postoperative pain and to analyze the potential effects of epidemiological factors on experimental pain sensitivity...
September 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934789/lack-of-gender-and-age-differences-in-pain-measurements-following-exercise-in-people-with-chronic-whiplash-associated-disorders
#2
Kelly Ickmans, Anneleen Malfliet, Margot De Kooning, Lisa Goudman, Ives Hubloue, Tom Schmitz, Dorien Goubert, Maria Encarnacion Aguilar-Ferrandiz
BACKGROUND: Individuals with chronic whiplash associated disorders (WAD) present persistent pain in the absence of structural pathology. In these people, altered central pain processing and central sensitization are observed. The role of personal factors, such as gender and age, on pain processing mechanisms in chronic WAD, however, is still unclear. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated possible gender- and age-related differences in self-reported and experimental pain measurements in people with chronic WAD...
September 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934767/family-planning-unmet-need-and-access-among-itaukei-women-in-new-zealand-and-fiji
#3
Radilaite Cammock, Peter Herbison, Sarah Lovell, Patricia Priest
AIM: The aim of the study was to identify unmet need and family planning access among indigenous Fijian or iTaukei women living in New Zealand and Fiji. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey was undertaken between 2012-2013 in five major cities in New Zealand: Auckland, Hamilton, Wellington, Christchurch and Dunedin; and in three suburbs in Fiji. Women who did not want any (more) children but were not using any form of contraception were defined as having an unmet need...
September 22, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934731/fasting-spot-urine-ph-is-associated-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-the-japanese-population
#4
Masanori Shimodaira, Shinji Okaniwa, Tomohiro Nakayama
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between urine pH and metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components while controlling for covariates. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 5,430 Japanese subjects (4691 without MetS; 739 with MetS) undergoing health assessments. Partial correlation analysis and analysis of covariance were used for controlling confounding parameters (age, gender, serum uric acid (UA) levels, high sensitivity C-reactive protein, estimated glomerular filtration rate, and smoking and drinking statuses)...
September 19, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934722/rice-consumption-and-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-skin-in-a-united-states-population
#5
Anala Gossai, M Scot Zens, Tracy Punshon, Brian P Jackson, Ann E Perry, Margaret R Karagas
BACKGROUND: Rice contains arsenic, a known skin carcinogen. Rice intake has been associated with arsenic-related skin lesions in South Asia, but its association with skin cancers is as yet unknown. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate whether rice intake contributes to urinary arsenic concentration and risk of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the skin in a U.S. population. METHODS: Rice consumption was assessed using a food frequency questionnaire administered as part of a population-based case-control study of 487 SCC cases and 462 age- and gender-matched controls...
September 7, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934713/imposex-levels-and-butyltin-compounds-bts-in-hexaplex-trunculus-linnaeus-1758-from-the-northern-adriatic-sea-italy-ecological-risk-assessment-before-and-after-the-ban
#6
Federica Cacciatore, Rossella Boscolo Brusà, Seta Noventa, Camilla Antonini, Vanessa Moschino, Malgorzata Formalewicz, Claudia Gion, Daniela Berto, Massimo Gabellini, Maria Gabriella Marin
The aim of this study was to compare imposex and butyltin compounds (BTs) data, collected before and after the organotin ban in 2008, in order to assess temporal and spatial variation of the phenomenon, the decline of BT contamination, and the effects on Hexaplex trunculus population in the coastal area of the northern Adriatic Sea, close to the Venice Lagoon. Both in marine and in lagoon sites, the results obtained in 2013-2015 showed a significant decline in the incidence of imposex in respect to those from the 2002 survey...
September 18, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934670/conflicting-interactions-of-apolipoprotein-a-and-high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-with-microvascular-complications-of-type-2-diabetes
#7
Zahra Aryan, Mohsen Afarideh, Alireza Ghajar, Sadaf Esteghamati, Alireza Esteghamati, Manouchehr Nakhjavani
AIMS: This study is amid at investigating the associations, and interactions of serum lipid biomarkers with microvascular complications of type 2 diabetes (T2D). METHODS: A nested case-control study was conducted within an ongoing prospective study on patients with T2D. Microvascular complications of T2D including diabetic neuropathy, diabetic retinopathy and diabetic nephropathy were investigated. A total of 444 cases with at least one of the microvascular complications of T2D and 439 age- and gender-matched controls free of any of the chronic microvascular complications of T2D were included...
September 1, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934668/diabetes-mellitus-increased-all-cause-mortality-rate-among-newly-diagnosed-tuberculosis-patients-in-an-asian-population-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#8
Po-Yen Ko, Shi-Dou Lin, Ming-Chia Hsieh, Yu-Cheng Chen
AIMS: To investigate the effect of diabetes mellitus (DM) on all-cause mortality among patients with newly-diagnosed tuberculosis (TB) in an Asian population. We also identified risk factors for mortality in these patients. METHODS: The data were obtained from the National Health Insurance Research Database and included 9831 newly-diagnosed TB individuals and 1627 TB mortality cases in the period of 2000-2010. The mortality data were divided into a DM group and a non-DM group...
September 1, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934635/community-social-support-as-a-protective-factor-against-suicide-a-gender-specific-ecological-study-of-75-regions-of-23-european-countries
#9
Nuša Zadravec Šedivy, Tina Podlogar, David C R Kerr, Diego De Leo
By studying differences in suicide rates among different geographical regions one may identify factors connected to suicidal behaviour on a regional level. Many studies have focused on risk factors, whereas less is known about protective factors, such as social support. Using suicide rates and data from the European Social Survey (ESS) we explore the association between regional level social support indicator and suicide rates in 23 European countries in 2012. Linear multiple regression analyses using region as the unit of analysis revealed inverse relationships between mean respondent valuing of social support and suicide rates for both genders, with some indication of a stronger relationship among men...
September 18, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934554/improvements-in-clinical-practice-for-fertility-preservation-among-young-cancer-patients-results-from-bundled-interventions
#10
Natalie K Bradford, Roderick Walker, Roslyn Henney, Po Inglis, Raymond J Chan
AIMS: The consequences of cancer and treatment on fertility can be a continuing source of distress for adolescents and young adults. The study aims were to assess the effects of bundled interventions on clinical practice concerning fertility in young people aged 14-25 years with cancer. METHODS: Bundled interventions, including development of quality indicators, resources, and targeted education, were introduced during 2015 across five cancer centers. Data before interventions (2012-2014) were compared with data prospectively collected during 2015-2016...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934526/mechanisms-of-memory-retrieval-in-slow-wave-sleep
#11
Scott A Cairney, Justyna M Sobczak, Shane Lindsay, M Gareth Gaskell
Study Objectives: Memories are strengthened during sleep. The benefits of sleep for memory can be enhanced by re-exposing the sleeping brain to auditory cues; a technique known as targeted memory reactivation (TMR). Prior studies have not assessed the nature of the retrieval mechanisms underpinning TMR: the matching process between auditory stimuli encountered during sleep and previously encoded memories. We carried out two experiments to address this issue. Methods: In Experiment 1, participants associated words with verbal and nonverbal auditory stimuli before an overnight interval in which subsets of these stimuli were replayed in slow-wave sleep...
September 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934524/associations-of-sleep-duration-and-disturbances-with-hypertension-in-metropolitan-cities-of-delhi-chennai-and-karachi-in-south-asia-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-carrs-study
#12
Roopa Shivashankar, Dimple Kondal, Mohammed K Ali, Ruby Gupta, Rajendra Pradeepa, Viswanathan Mohan, Muhammad Masood Kadir, K M Venkat Narayan, Nikhil Tandon, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Anne Peasey
Objectives: Sleep duration and disturbances may be risk factors for hypertension. Despite the high burden of hypertension in South Asia, little is known about this relationship in this region. Methods: We analyzed population-level cross-sectional data from the Centre for Cardiometabolic Risk Reduction in South Asia (CARRS) study that recruited representative samples of adults ≥ 20 years from three cities-Delhi, Chennai (India), and Karachi (Pakistan) during 2010-2011...
September 1, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934344/care-requirements-for-clients-who-present-after-rape-and-clients-who-presented-after-consensual-sex-as-a-minor-at-a-clinic-in-harare-zimbabwe-from-2011-to-2014
#13
Rebecca E Harrison, Linda Pearson, Michael Vere, Prosper Chonzi, Brian Tafadzwa Hove, Sharon Mabaya, Margaret Chigwamba, Juliana Nhamburo, Juliet Gura, An Vandeborne, Sandra Simons, Daphne Lagrou, Eva De Plecker, Rafael Van den Bergh
STUDY GOALS: To describe the differences between clients presenting after rape and clients who have consented to sex as a minor to an SGBV clinic in Harare, Zimbabwe, and how these differences affect their care requirements. BACKGROUND: Adolescents and adults presenting at the specialized Sexual and Gender Based Violence clinic in Harare are offered a standardised package of free medical and psychosocial care. Zimbabwe has an HIV prevalence of 14%, so prevention of HIV infection using PEP for those that present within 72 hours is a key part of the response...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934321/identifying-the-factors-affecting-bike-sharing-usage-and-degree-of-satisfaction-in-ningbo-china
#14
Yanyong Guo, Jibiao Zhou, Yao Wu, Zhibin Li
The boom in bike-sharing is receiving growing attention as societies become more aware of the importance of active non-motorized traffic modes. However, the low usage of this transport mode in China raises concerns. The primary objective of this study is to explore factors affecting bike-sharing usage and satisfaction degree of bike-sharing among the bike-sharing user population in China. Data were collected by a questionnaire survey in Ningbo. A bivariate ordered probit (BOP) model was developed to examine simultaneously those factors associated with both bike-sharing usage and satisfaction degree of bike-sharing among users...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934311/characteristics-and-risk-of-chronic-graft-versus-host-disease-of-liver-in-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant-recipients
#15
Chien-Ting Chen, Chun-Yu Liu, Yuan-Bin Yu, Chia-Jen Liu, Liang-Tsai Hsiao, Jyh-Pyng Gau, Tzeon-Jye Chiou, Jing-Hwang Liu, Yao-Chung Liu
Chronic graft-versus-host-disease (cGvHD) is a serious complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Among various organ-specific cGvHD, the cGvHD of liver is less well-characterized. In this study, we applied the National Institutes of Health 2014 scoring criteria of cGvHD to analyze a retrospective cohort of 362 allo-HSCT recipients focusing on cGvHD of liver. The overall incidence of liver cGvHD with a score of 3 by 1.5 years post-transplant was 5.8% (21/362). Poor outcome, in terms of overall survival (OS), were observed in patients with scores of 3 liver cGvHD, comparing to those with scores less than 3 (hazard ratio [HR] 2...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934266/logical-inconsistencies-in-time-trade-off-valuation-of-eq-5d-5l-health-states-whose-fault-is-it
#16
Zhihao Yang, Jan van Busschbach, Reinier Timman, M F Janssen, Nan Luo
INTRODUCTION: Inconsistency in the time trade-off (TTO) task in EQ-5D-5L occurs when a respondent gives a higher value to a logically worse health state, the occurrence of inconsistency compromises the quality of the data. It is not yet clear which factors are associated with individual level inconsistency. Relating inconsistency to the characteristics of the respondent, interviewer, and the interview process could be helpful in understanding the causes of inconsistency. The objective of this paper is to discover the factors associated with individual level inconsistencies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934256/transcriptome-analysis-of-sex-related-genes-in-the-blood-clam-tegillarca-granosa
#17
Heng Chen, Guoqiang Xiao, Xueliang Chai, Xingguan Lin, Jun Fang, Shuangshuang Teng
BACKGROUND: Blood clams (Tegillarca granosa) are one of the most commercial shellfish in China and South Asia with wide distribution in Indo-Pacific tropical to temperate estuaries. However, recent data indicate a decline in the germplasm of this species. Furthermore, the molecular mechanisms underpinning reproductive regulation remain unclear and information regarding genetic diversity is limited. Understanding the reproductive biology of shellfish is important in interpreting their embryology development, reproduction and population structure...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934128/neuroticism-predicts-subsequent-risk-of-major-depression-for-whites-but-not-blacks
#18
Shervin Assari
Cultural and ethnic differences in psychosocial and medical correlates of negative affect are well documented. This study aimed to compare blacks and whites for the predictive role of baseline neuroticism (N) on subsequent risk of major depressive episodes (MDD) 25 years later. Data came from the Americans' Changing Lives (ACL) Study, 1986-2011. We used data on 1219 individuals (847 whites and 372 blacks) who had data on baseline N in 1986 and future MDD in 2011. The main predictor of interest was baseline N, measured using three items in 1986...
September 21, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934078/abnormal-white-matter-microstructure-among-early-adulthood-smokers-a-tract-based-spatial-statistics-study
#19
Shuangkun Wang, Long Zuo, Tao Jiang, Peng Peng, Shuilian Chu, Dan Xiao
Objectives Cigarette smoking is an important risk factor of central nervous system diseases. However, the white matter (WM) integrity of early adulthood chronic smokers has not been attached enough importance to as it deserves, and the relationship between the chronic smoking effect and the WM is still unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate whole - brain WM microstructure of early adulthood smokers and explore the structural correlates of behaviorally relevant features of the disorder. Methods We compared multiple DTI-derived indices, including fractional anisotropy (FA), mean diffusivity (MD), axial diffusivity (AD) and radial diffusivity (RD), between early adulthood smokers (n = 19) and age-, education- and gender-matched controls (n = 23) using a whole-brain tract-based spatial statistics approach...
September 21, 2017: Neurological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933991/let-him-not-be-alone-perspectives-of-older-british-south-asian-minority-ethnic-patients-on-dying-in-acute-hospitals
#20
Munikumar Ramasamy Venkatasalu
AIM: To investigate older British South Asians' views on dying at acute hospitals. BACKGROUND: Older people, including those from ethnic minorities prefer 'home as a haven' for their last days of life; however, they are more likely to die in hospital. METHODS: Constructive grounded theory was used as a methodological approach that informed data collection to data analysis. Open meetings with 11 local South Asian community organisations enabled the researchers to recruit a total of 55 older South Asians in this study...
September 2, 2017: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
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