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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634519/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-heart-failure-in-the-usa-nhanes-2013-2014-epidemiological-follow-up-study
#1
Saketram Komanduri, Yogesh Jadhao, Sai S Guduru, Pramil Cheriyath, Yijin Wert
Background: Heart Failure (HF) is a progressive epidemic associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. Self-reported data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) provides a unique representation of individuals suffering from HF. The purpose of this study is to analyze updated NHANES 2013-2014 data to identify any changes in the prevalence and current risk factors of HF, especially given the novel lifestyles and increased medical awareness of current generations. Methods: NHANES uses a multistage probability sampling design under the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)...
January 2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623554/-obesity-high-blood-pressure-hypercholesterolaemia-and-untreated-diabetes-in-hiv-infected-and-hiv-uninfected-adults-in-mbuji-mayi-democratic-republic-of-congo
#2
D Mukeba-Tshialala, J B Nachega, M Mutombo-Tshingwali, V Arendt, G Gilson, M Moutschen
Little is known about the major cardiovascular risk factors in HIV-infected as compared to the HIV-uninfected patients in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DR Congo). We determined the prevalence of hypertension, obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m(2)), total cholesterol > 200 mg/dl, HDL-cholesterol ≤ 40 mg/dl, and glycemia > 126 mg/dl. We also calculated the average and/or median of total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, and glycemia among HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected patients. We conducted a cross-sectional study that enrolled 592 HIV-uninfected and 445 HIV-infected patients of whom 425 (95...
June 16, 2017: Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567552/periodontitis-deteriorates-peripheral-arterial-disease-in-japanese-population-via-enhanced-systemic-inflammation
#3
Norio Aoyama, Jun-Ichi Suzuki, Naho Kobayashi, Tomoya Hanatani, Norihiko Ashigaki, Asuka Yoshida, Yuka Shiheido, Hiroki Sato, Hidetoshi Kumagai, Yuichi Ikeda, Hiroshi Akazawa, Issei Komuro, Yuichi Izumi, Mitsuaki Isobe
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a common manifestation of arterial stenosis of the extremity that reduces arterial flow. While patients with periodontitis are at a high risk of PAD, little causal information has been provided to date. To clarify the relationship, we conducted this cross-sectional study. The oral condition of patients with or without PAD, who attended Tokyo Medical and Dental University Hospital, was evaluated. Blood examinations and dental clinical measurements, including number of teeth, probing pocket depth (PPD), bleeding on probing (BOP) and clinical attachment level (CAL) were performed...
May 31, 2017: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535752/four-year-trends-in-adiposity-and-its-association-with-hypertension-in-serial-groups-of-young-adult-university-students-in-urban-cameroon-a-time-series-study
#4
Simeon-Pierre Choukem, André-Pascal Kengne, Maxime-Leolein Nguefack, Yannick Mboue-Djieka, Daniel Nebongo, Jackson T Guimezap, Jean Claude Mbanya
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a major risk factor for non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and is growing rapidly globally including in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). We aimed to assess the trend in adiposity markers in Cameroonian university students, and investigated their associations with hypertension. METHODS: From 2009 to 2012, we annually measured weight, height, blood pressure, waist (WC) and hip circumferences, and calculated the body mass index (BMI) and other indices of adiposity in consecutive students aged 18 years or above, during their registration...
May 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457829/the-number-of-visits-and-blood-pressure-measurements-influence-the-prevalence-of-high-blood-pressure-in-adolescents
#5
Luciano Machado Ferreira Tenório de Oliveira, Alison Oliveira da Silva, Paula Rejane Beserra Diniz, Breno Quintella Farah, André Luiz Torres Pirauá, Antônio José de Lima Neto, Wallacy Milton do Nascimento Feitosa, Rafael Miranda Tassitano, Raphael M Ritti-Dias
The aim of this study was to analyze the influence of the number of visits and the number of blood pressure (BP) measurements on the prevalence of high blood pressure (HBP) in adolescents. A cross-sectional epidemiologic study with 481 adolescents (14-19 years old) selected using a random cluster sampling strategy. We measured the BP three times in a first visit. Adolescents with HBP performed subsequent visits. The final calculation of BP followed four strategies: the 1st measure, mean of 1st and 2nd measurements, mean of all three measurements, and averaging the 2nd and 3rd measurements...
April 13, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453105/-prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-pubertal-stages-of-female-students
#6
João Batista da Silva, Elza M de Melo, Maria Thereza Micussi, George Dantas de Azevedo, Telma M Lemos, Maria H Spyrides, Ricardo F Arrais, Técia M Maranhão
Objective To analyze the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) in pubertal stages of female students. Methods Cross-sectional study of 449 school children between eight and 18 years, stratified by pubertal stage, body mass index (BMI) and body fat percentage (BF %). The MS was classified according to the International Diabetes Federation. The analysis by frequency distribution, confidence intervals (95 %), Chi-square and odds ratio for associations was performed. Results The prevalence of MS was 3.3 % (CI:2 %-5 %) and 2...
June 2016: Revista de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421790/abdominal-obesity-is-strongly-associated-to-blood-pressure-in-young-mexicans
#7
Rene Urquidez Romero, Miguel Murguía Romero, Julián Esparza Romero, Beatriz Araceli Díaz Torres, Alejandra Rodríguez Tadeo, Gabriel Medrano Donlucas, Arnulfo Ramos Jiménez, Abraham Wall Medrano, Itzell A Gallardo Ortíz, Diana C Tapia-Pancardo C Tapia Pancardo, A René Méndez Cruz, J Rafael Jiménez Flores, Rafael Villalobos Molina
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine associations between abdominal obesity (AOb) and the other components of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in young Mexicans in a cross-sectional survey completed during a 4 year period. METHODS: This cross-sectional study reports on components and prevalence of MetS by using Alberti et al. (16) criteria, as well as association between AOb and elevated blood pressure (BP) of 2,993 Mexican university students, ages 17 to 25 years (66% women) from central and northern Mexico, over a 4-year survey (2010-2013)...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421785/association-between-vitamin-d-levels-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-obese-children-and-adolescents
#8
Ali Gul, Samet Ozer, Resul Yılmaz, Ergun Sonmezgoz, Tuba Kasap, Sahin Takcı, Osman Demir
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Childhood obesity is associated with an increased risk of chronic disease. We aimed to determine the association between vitamin D deficiency and cardiovascular risks in obese children. METHOD: The studied children were selected from obese children who were followed up at obesity clinic, aged 6-17 years. Basic demographic information and laboratory data were collected retrospectively from hospital records. RESULTS: A total of 310 students (178 [57...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390416/prevalence-and-determinants-of-use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-by-hypertensive-patients-attending-primary-health-care-facilities-in-kinshasa-democratic-republic-of-the-congo-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Aimée M Lulebo, Mala A Mapatano, Paulin B Mutombo, Eric M Mafuta, Gédéon Samba, Yves Coppieters
BACKGROUND: In the Democratic Republic of the Congo the control of hypertension is poor, characterized by an increasing number of reported cases of hypertension related complications. Poor control of hypertension is associated with non-adherence to antihypertensive medication. It is well established that the use of complementary and alternative medicine is one of the main factors of non-adherence to antihypertensive medication. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence and factors associated with the use of complementary and alternative medicine...
April 8, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382956/association-between-high-birth-weight-and-hypertension-in-children-and-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study-in-china
#10
Y H Dong, Z Y Zou, Z P Yang, Z H Wang, J Jing, J Y Luo, X Zhang, C Y Luo, H Wang, H P Zhao, D H Pan, J Ma
This study aims to examine the relationship between high birth weight (HBW) and blood pressure and assess whether HBW leads to increased hypertension during childhood and adolescence. All the participants aged 6-18 years with HBW were selected from a cross-sectional study from seven provinces in China. Nine thousand nine hundred and sixty-two children were randomly sampled with matched data. Basic information of students was collected with a standardized student and guardian questionnaire. High blood pressure was defined according to sex-, age- and height-specific references...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330492/the-prevalence-awareness-treatment-and-control-of-dyslipidemia-in-northeast-china-a-population-based-cross-sectional-survey
#11
Fu-Liang Zhang, Ying-Qi Xing, Yan-Hua Wu, Hao-Yuan Liu, Yun Luo, Ming-Shuo Sun, Zhen-Ni Guo, Yi Yang
BACKGROUND: Dyslipidemia is an important independent modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to explore the current prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of dyslipidemia and its associated influence factors in northeast China. METHODS: In this population-based cross-sectional study, we adopted a multi-stage, stratified sampling method to obtain a representative sample of 4052 permanent residents aged 40 years and over from different urban and rural regions in Dehui City of Jilin Province...
March 23, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330440/prevalence-and-predictors-of-intra-abdominal-hypertension-and-compartment-syndrome-in-surgical-patients-in-critical-care-units-at-kenyatta-national-hospital
#12
A Muturi, P Ndaguatha, Daniel Ojuka, A Kibet
BACKGROUND: Intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) affects almost every organ sytem.If it is not detected early and corrected, mortality would be high. The prevalence of IAH and abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) at Kenyatta National Hospital (KNH) critical care units is not known. The aim of this sudy was to determine the prevalence and factors associated with development of IAH/ACS among critically ill surgical patients. METHODS: This was a cross sectional descriptive study involving surgical patients in critical care units at KNH, carried out from March 2015 to October 2015...
March 23, 2017: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274012/prevalence-of-hypertension-and-its-risk-factors-among-school-going-adolescents-of-patna-india
#13
Pragya Kumar, Dhananjay Kumar, Alok Ranjan, Chandra Mani Singh, Sanjay Pandey, Neeraj Agarwal
INTRODUCTION: Hypertension (HT) has its origin in childhood and adolescent period but it goes undetected due to absence of sign and symptoms, unless specifically looked for during this period. It has been seen that one with raised blood pressure level in this period will also have raised Blood Pressure (BP) level in their adulthood and elderly period. AIM: The present study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of HT and its risk factor among apparently healthy school going adolescents of Patna district...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248870/association-factor-analysis-between-osteoporosis-with-cerebral-artery-disease-the-strobe-study
#14
Eun-Sun Jin, Je Hoon Jeong, Bora Lee, Soo Bin Im
The purpose of this study was to determine the clinical association factors between osteoporosis and cerebral artery disease in Korean population. Two hundred nineteen postmenopausal women and men undergoing cerebral computed tomography angiography were enrolled in this study to evaluate the cerebral artery disease by cross-sectional study. Cerebral artery disease was diagnosed if there was narrowing of 50% higher diameter in one or more cerebral vessel artery or presence of vascular calcification. History of osteoporotic fracture was assessed using medical record, and radiographic data such as simple radiography, MRI, and bone scan...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240683/blood-pressure-profiles-of-children-and-adolescents-categorized-by-waist-to-height-ratio-cutoffs-study-in-a-large-sample-in-shandong-china
#15
Ying-Xiu Zhang, Zhao-Xia Wang, Zun-Hua Chu, Jin-Shan Zhao
BACKGROUND: Waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) is proposed as a simple and effective screening tool for abdominal obesity and cardiovascular disease risk factors. The present study examined the profiles of blood pressure (BP) among children and adolescents categorized by WHtR cutoffs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 28 074 (14 015 boys and 14 059 girls) students aged 7-17 years participated in the study. Height, waist circumference and BP of all patients were measured, and WHtR was calculated...
June 2017: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230728/optimistic-bias-risk-factors-and-development-of-high-blood-pressure-and-obesity-among-african-american-adolescents-in-mississippi-usa
#16
Monique S White, Clifton C Addison, Brenda W Campbell Jenkins, Vanessa Bland, Adrianne Clark, Donna Antoine LaVigne
Childhood obesity has reached epidemic proportions and is linked to hypertension among African American youth. Optimistic bias influences behavior of youth causing them to underestimate their susceptibility to negative health outcomes. This study explored adolescent behaviors and prevalence of high blood pressure and obesity in a school district. We examined the relationship between individual health risk practices and optimistic bias on health outcomes; 433 African American high school students were administered a survey and had their obesity and blood pressure measured by the school nurse...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890975/prevalence-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-among-urban-sikh-population-of-amritsar
#17
Amrinder Singh, Shweta Shenoy, Jaspal Singh Sandhu
CONTEXT: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) refers to a group of common metabolic disorders that share the phenotype of Hyperglycemia. More than 60% of the world's population with diabetes comes from Asia. AIM: To study the prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus among Sikh individuals living in the urban localities of Amritsar. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: The study was designed in the Faculty of Sports Medicine & Physiotherapy, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, Punjab, India...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806831/development-of-a-mediterranean-diet-score-adapted-to-japan-and-its-relation-to-obesity-risk
#18
Masao Kanauchi, Kimiko Kanauchi
BACKGROUND: The Mediterranean diet (MD) is well known as a healthy diet that protects against several chronic diseases. However, there is no appropriate and easy index to assess adherence to the MD pattern in Japan. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop a novel instrument to measure MD adherence adapted to a Japanese diet and to examine its association with overweight/obesity risk. METHODS: A cross-sectional nutritional survey provided the data for construction of a novel MD score...
2016: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740518/%C3%A2-most-overweight-and-obese-indian-children-have-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#19
Sunil V Pawar, Vinay G Zanwar, Ajay S Choksey, Ashok R Mohite, Samit S Jain, Ravindra G Surude, Qais Q Contractor, Pravin M Rathi, Ravi U Verma, Premlata K Varthakavi
 Background and rationale. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common cause of pediatric liver disease in western countries. Its prevalence in Indian subcontinent is not well studied. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a school based cross sectional study we have screened overweight and obese children in the age group of 11 to 15 years for NAFLD. Ultrasonography, elevated serum transaminases, fibroscan were used for defining NAFLD. Dietary habits, blood pressure, serum lipid profile, blood counts and insulin resistance were recorded...
November 2016: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659597/bilateral-internal-thoracic-artery-grafting-increases-mediastinitis-myth-or-fact
#20
Juan M Vrancic, Fernando Piccinini, Mariano Camporrotondo, Juan C Espinoza, Juan I Camou, Francisco Nacinovich, Pablo Fernandez Oses, Daniel Navia
BACKGROUND: There is controversy about the risk of mediastinitis associated with the use of both internal thoracic arteries (ITA). METHODS: We performed a case-control study of patients operated on at a single institution from January 2003 to December 2014. A total of 3,118 consecutive patients undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass graft surgery were included; 81.3% (n = 2,533) underwent bilateral ITA (BITA) grafts exclusively and constitute the BITA group, and 18...
March 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
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