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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688314/electrocardiographic-characteristics-anthropometric-features-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-a-large-cohort-of-adolescents
#1
Massimo Santini, Stefania Angela Di Fusco, Furio Colivicchi, Alessio Gargaro
Aims: The characteristics of electrocardiographic (ECG) patterns in the general population of adolescents are insufficiently defined. The purpose of this study is to report ECG patterns and their association with anthropometric characteristics. Methods and results: Twenty-four thousand and sixty-two students of Roman schools, aged 12-19, were screened with ECG and physical examinations. Electrocardiographic abnormalities were classified as either minor/non-clinically relevant or major, and anthropometric measures were evaluated per age class...
April 23, 2018: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684292/elevated-blood-pressure-and-its-predictors-among-secondary-school-students-in-sarawak-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Woei Feng Grace Kho, Whye Lian Cheah, Helmy Hazmi
OBJECTIVES: Hypertension is a health issue affecting adolescents. Accumulating evidence affirms that elevated blood pressure begins in childhood and tracks into adulthood. This cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence of elevated blood pressure and its predictors among secondary school students in Sarawak, Malaysia. METHODS: A total of 2,461 secondary school students aged 12-17 years from 19 schools in Sarawak participated in the study. Questionnaire was used to obtain socio-demographic data, parental history of hypertension, and self-reported physical activity...
March 2018: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671813/association-of-anthropometric-indices-of-obesity-with-hypertension-in-chinese-elderly-an-analysis-of-age-and-gender-differences
#3
Qian Wang, Lingzhong Xu, Jiajia Li, Long Sun, Wenzhe Qin, Gan Ding, Jing Zhu, Jiao Zhang, Zihang Yu, Su Xie
This study aims to explore the association of anthropometric indices of obesity with hypertension in Chinese elderly and its possible gender and age differences. A total of 7070 adults age 60 or older were interviewed in a cross-sectional study conducted in 2017. Anthropometric indices for each participant were measured by using standard methods of trained doctoral/master students. We performed two binary logistic regression models to examine the association of the nine different anthropometric indices and hypertension by gender...
April 19, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566018/the-healthy-diver-a-cross-sectional-survey-to-evaluate-the-health-status-of-recreational-scuba-diver-members-of-divers-alert-network-dan
#4
Shabbar I Ranapurwala, Kristen L Kucera, Petar J Denoble
BACKGROUND: Scuba diver fitness is paramount to confront environmental stressors of diving. However, the diving population is aging and the increasing prevalence of diseases may be a concern for diver fitness. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to assess the demographics, lifestyle factors, disease prevalence, and healthcare access and utilization of Divers Alert Network (DAN) members and compare them with those from the general population. METHODS: DAN membership health survey (DMHS) was administered online in 2011 to DAN members in the United States (US)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564260/seasonal-variation-in-the-prevalence-of-preeclampsia
#5
Fatemeh Janani, Farahnaz Changaee
Introduction: Hypertension in pregnancy is one of the three factors of maternal mortality. Etiology of the disease is unknown, but the many factors contributing to the identification and control of it can be taken a step to prevent and reduce the symptoms of the disease. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of preeclampsia (high-blood pressure) in different seasons of the year. Methods: The present retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted on more than 8,000 pregnant women visiting Assali specialized hospital from 2011 to 2013...
October 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466486/sports-practices-and-cardiovascular-risk-in-teenagers
#6
Carlos Scherr, Leonardo Corrêa Castro Fabiano, Renata Leborato Guerra, Luciano Herman Juacaba Belém, Ana Carolina Gurgel Câmara, Adriana Campos
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of deaths in the world, and many events could be prevented by healthy life habits. OBJECTIVES: To compare the occurrence of cardiovascular risk factors in adolescents enrolled at public schools in the city of Rio de Janeiro, including a renowned school for sport practices. METHODS: Cross-sectional study, convenience sampling of 422 students enrolled at the Experimental Olympic Gymnasium (EOG) and at Figueiredo Pimentel School (FP)...
February 19, 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459589/interaction-between-hypertension-and-asthma-in-adult
#7
S Nasreen, A Nessa, F Islam, A Khanam, R Sultana, K Alam, R Naznin, T Tajkia, R Rahman, M Hossain, M A Sultana, S T Kamal
Asthma has been defined as a chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways that is associated with recruitment of inflammatory cells and the clinical development of wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and cough. The prevalence of asthma increased steadily over the latter part of the last century, first in the developed and then in the developing world. Current estimates suggest that asthma affects 300 million people worldwide, with a predicted additional 100 million people affected by 2025. This cross sectional study was conducted from January 1999 to August 1999 on 5642 Bangladeshi people and another same study carried out from November 2009 to April 2010 on 8088 subjects...
January 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459220/varying-blood-pressure-in-children-a-diagnostic-quandary-interpreting-the-fourth-report
#8
Sheri L Balsara, Joshua A Samuels, Joyce P Samuel, Cynthia S Bell
Fourth Report guidelines on pediatric blood pressure (BP) are not clear when defining hypertension in children as "an average systolic BP and/or diastolic BP ≥ 95th percentile for gender, age, and height on ≥ 3 occasions." We aimed to determine the prevalence of pediatric hypertension in a screening population based on two different guideline interpretations. Prevalence of hypertension among 2094 students at four Houston area schools was calculated based on the summation or sustained model definition from Fourth Report guidelines...
March 2018: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423726/prevalence-and-sex-specific-distribution-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-university-students-in-an-urban-rural-environment-of-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#9
Fiston Ikwa Ndol Mbutiwi, François Bompeka Lepira, Taty Latelabwe Mbutiwi, Donat Kenge Kumakuma, Gloria Kikumbi Kumbukama, Marie-Pierre Sylvestre
A recent qualitative study on health promotion in non-communicable diseases in Sub-Saharan University students suggested sex differences in knowledge and beliefs concerning a healthy lifestyle. However, the extent to which this is reflected in sex-specific distribution of cardiovascular risk factors among Sub-Saharan African students have not been fully evaluated. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence and the sex-specific distribution of some modifiable cardiovascular risk factors among students at University of Kikwit in the Democratic Republic of the Congo...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410454/sugar-sweetened-beverages-and-school-students-hypertension-in-urban-areas-of-nanjing-china
#10
Zhenzhen Qin, Fei Xu, Qing Ye, Hairong Zhou, Chao Li, Jing He, Zhiyong Wang, Xin Hong, Xiangyu Hou
Literature showed that sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) could increase the risk of developing hypertension in school students, but there is no reported evidence from China yet, so this study aims to investigate the association of the SSBs consumption and school students' hypertension in urban areas of Nanjing, China. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among primary and junior high school students selected from 32 primary schools and 16 junior high schools using a multi-stage random sampling method, with a total number of 10,091 participants involved...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332014/influence-of-waist-circumference-on-blood-pressure-status-in-non-obese-adolescents
#11
Karima Benmohammed, Paul Valensi, Minh Tuan Nguyen, Farah Benmohammed, Moufida Benlatreche, Karima Benembarek, Alkassem Lezzar
Objectives To check whether excess in abdominal adiposity and metabolic factors were associated with blood pressure abnormalities in non-obese adolescents. Methods We randomly selected 1100 adolescent students, aged 12-18 years, from schools and classrooms in the city of Constantine, Algeria. Among them 179 were overweight and 51 were obese (IOTF criteria). Waist circumference (WC) was considered high if >74 cm in boys and 75 cm in girls (mean of WC of all population studied). Hypertension (HBP) and prehypertension (preHBP) were defined by the NHBPEP's 2004 criteria...
January 15, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329826/gender-differences-in-presentation-treatment-and-in-hospital-outcome-of-patients-admitted-with-heart-failure-complicated-by-atrial-fibrillation-from-the-get-with-the-guidelines-heart-failure-gwtg-hf-registry
#12
Mitra Daneshvar, Nayan Desai, John Andriulli, Matthew Ortman, Eben Eno, Krystal Hunter, Andrea M Russo
Almost 25% of patients with heart failure (HF) have coexisting atrial fibrillation (AF), the latter of which may increase morbidity and mortality. Despite the high prevalence of HF with concomitant AF, this subgroup of patients remains understudied. This study examines gender differences in presentation, treatment and in-hospital outcome of patients with HF and AF. The Get With the Guidelines-Heart Failure (GWTG-HF) database enrolled 6,496 patients with HF who presented to Cooper University Hospital from 2005 to 2012...
February 15, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302991/white-coat-masked-and-sustained-hypertension-detected-by-home-blood-pressure-monitoring-in-adolescents-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#13
Thiago Veiga Jardim, Carolina de Souza Carneiro, Polyana Morais, Vanessa Roriz, Karla Lorena Mendonça, Flávia Miquetichuc Nascente, Thaís Inácio Rolim Póvoa, Weimar Kunz Sebba Barroso, Ana Luiza Lima Sousa, Paulo César Veiga Jardim
PURPOSE: Population-based studies estimating prevalence's of white-coat, masked and sustained hypertension in non-European adolescents are needed, particularly in developing countries. Aiming to determine these estimates and, additionally identify factors associated to these conditions this study was conducted. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study with a representative sample of secondary school students from a Brazilian state capital. Office measurements were performed with validated semi-automatic devices...
January 5, 2018: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212483/fast-food-consumption-and-its-associations-with-obesity-and-hypertension-among-children-results-from-the-baseline-data-of-the-childhood-obesity-study-in-china-mega-cities
#14
Yaling Zhao, Liang Wang, Hong Xue, Huijun Wang, Youfa Wang
BACKGROUND: China has seen rapid increase in obesity and hypertension prevalence and fast food consumption over the past decade. We examined status and risk factors for Western- and Chinese fast food consumption and their associations with health outcomes in Chinese children, and examined how maternal factors were associated with child health outcomes. METHODS: Data of 1626 students aged 7-16 (11.6 ± 2.0) years and their parents in four mega-cities across China (Beijing, Shanghai, Nanjing, and Xi'an) were collected in the 2015 baseline survey of the Childhood Obesity Study in China Mega-cities...
December 6, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185613/waist-circumference-is-associated-with-blood-pressure-in-children-with-normal-body-mass-index-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-3-417-school-children
#15
Daiane Cristina Pazin, Caroline Filla Rosaneli, Márcia Olandoski, Edna Regina Netto de Oliveira, Cristina Pellegrino Baena, Alyne S Figueredo, Analin Ono Baraniuk, Tatiana Lorena da Luz Kaestner, Luiz Cesar Guarita-Souza, José Rocha Faria-Neto
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of childhood obesity and associated conditions, such as hypertension, has become a major problem of public health. Although waist circumference (WC) is a marker of cardiovascular risk in adults, it is unclear whether this index is associated with cardiovascular risk factors in children. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to evaluate the association between increased WC and elevated blood pressure (BP) in children with normal body mass index (BMI) ranges...
December 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176474/hepatic-parenchymal-injury-in-crigler-najjar-type-i
#16
Ellen Mitchell, Sarangarajan Ranganathan, Patrick McKiernan, Robert H Squires, Kevin Strauss, Kyle Soltys, George Mazariegos, James E Squires
BACKGROUND: Crigler-Najjar syndrome type I (CNI) arises from biallelic variants of UGT1A1 that abrogate UGT1A1 activity resulting in unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia. Historically, liver parenchyma in CNI was considered structurally and histologically normal. Recent review of CNI liver explants revealed fibrosis. Our aim was to investigate the association between hepatic histology and disease phenotype in CNI. METHODS: We extracted data from the medical record at the time of liver transplant from 22 patients with CNI at the Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, and reviewed explant histology...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168965/relationships-between-metabolic-profile-hypertension-and-uric-acid-with-cardiometabolic-risk-in-adolescents-with-abdominal-obesity-impact-of-geodemographic-factors-on-the-prevalence-of-abdominal-obesity
#17
Hamida Bouhenni, Hadjer Daoudi, Haidar Djemai, Philippe Noirez, Abdelkader Rouabah, Damien Vitiello, Leila Rouabah
Background Association of hyperuricemia, dyslipidemia and high blood pressure (BP) among adolescents with high waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) remains not fully addressed and could represent a new way to diagnose adolescents early with cardiometabolic risk. Objective We aimed to determine abdominal obesity (AO) prevalence and investigate relations between AO, uric acid (UA), lipid profiles, BP and geographical patterns in adolescents. Subjects 577 and 204 Algerian students aged between 10 and 19 years were included in our epidemiological and biochemical studies, respectively...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126458/epidemiology-of-hypertension-in-fulani-indigenous-populations-age-gender-and-drivers
#18
Clement Kufe Nyuyki, George Ngufor, George Mbeh, Jean Claude Mbanya
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a public health problem and the main contributor to cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. Little is known about hypertension among the minority, diverse and socially disadvantaged 23-24 million Fulani/Peul populations dispersed in West, Central and East Africa, undergoing a transition from traditional to transitional and modern lifestyle. This study describes age and gender variations in blood pressure and drivers of hypertension among rural Fulani population of Cameroon...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108814/waist-to-height-ratio-and-sedentary-lifestyle-as-predictors-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-children-in-ecuador
#19
F Aguirre P, A Coca, M F Aguirre, G Celis
OBJECTIVE: To determine the predictors and prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) and the presence of vascular inflammation in apparently-normal children (10-15 years) of both sexes in Guayaquil, Ecuador. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We included 395 apparently-healthy students from a middle-income school in a cross-sectional survey. Informed consent was obtained from students and parents. Anthropometric measurements including blood pressure (BP), body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), and blood tests were recorded...
November 3, 2017: Hipertensión y Riesgo Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068582/prevalence-of-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-among-pharmacy-students-from-wroclaw-medical-university-poland
#20
Rafał Ilow, Dorota Różańska, Bożena Regulska-Ilow
BACKGROUND: Atherosclerotic processes begin in childhood and their development worsens during adolescence. Early prevention of CVD risk factors may have an important impact on the future health of young people. It can be also helpful in reducing the costs of treating CVD later in life. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of selected cardiovascular disease risk factors among pharmacy students. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group consisted of 1,168 pharmacy students (892 women and 276 men) from Wroclaw Medical University...
August 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
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