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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982248/profiles-of-blood-pressure-among-children-and-adolescents-with-different-body-mass-index-categories-in-shandong-china
#1
Shu-Rong Wang, Yong-Bao Zhu, Yan Cheng, Ying-Xiu Zhang
BACKGROUND: The International Obesity Task Force recently developed an extended body mass index (BMI) cut-offs for screening thinness, overweight and obesity among children and adolescents. The present study examined the profiles of blood pressure (BP) among children and adolescents with different BMI categories in Shandong, China. METHODS: Data for this study were obtained from a large cross-sectional survey of schoolchildren. A total of 44,630 students (22,404 boys and 22,226 girls) aged 7-18 years participated in this study...
October 5, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976267/chronic-disease-and-health-risk-behaviors-among-rural-agricultural-workforce-in-queensland
#2
Janani Pinidiyapathirage, Megan O'Shannessy, Jane Harte, Susan Brumby, Scott Kitchener
INTRODUCTION: Little is known of the lifestyle behaviors and prevalence of chronic disease in the Australian agricultural workforce. This study aimed to assess behavioral risk factors and the prevalence of chronic disease among attendees of agricultural events in rural Queensland. METHODS: Data on lifestyle risk factors and prevalence of diabetes and cardiovascular diseases were collected from participants in four separate cross-sectional studies in rural southern Queensland...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926364/prevalence-of-severe-obesity-and-its-association-with-elevated-blood-pressure-among-children-and-adolescents-in-shandong-china
#3
Ying-Xiu Zhang, Shu-Rong Wang, Su-Yun Li
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity has increased markedly during the past decades; however, data on the prevalence of severe obesity in children and adolescents are limited. The present study examined the prevalence of severe obesity and its association with elevated blood pressure (BP) among children and adolescents in Shandong, China. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 44 630 (22 404 boys and 22 226 girls) students aged 7-18 years participated in the study. BMI cut-off points recommended by the International Obesity Task Force were used to define class I-III obesity...
September 18, 2017: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923902/national-blood-pressure-reference-for-chinese-han-children-and-adolescents-aged-7-to-17-years
#4
Yanhui Dong, Jun Ma, Yi Song, Bin Dong, Zhenghe Wang, Zhaogeng Yang, Xijie Wang, Judith J Prochaska
We sought to develop and validate a national blood pressure (BP) reference based on age, sex, and height for Chinese children. Data were obtained on 197 430 children aged 7 to 17 who participated in the Chinese National Survey on Students' Constitution and Health in 2010. BP percentiles were estimated and fitted using the lambda, mu, and sigma method and then compared with a US reference and China existing reference. In an external independent validation sample of 59 653 children aged 7 to 18 from 7 Chinese provinces in 2013, the prevalence of elevated BP was compared applying the 3 references...
September 18, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890945/teach-kitchen-a-chronological-review-of-accomplishments
#5
Jung Hee Chae, Benjamin E Ansa, Selina A Smith
BACKGROUND: The Eating and Cooking Healthy (TEACH) Kitchen was founded at the Medical College of Georgia in 2015 as a nutrition-based intervention to combat the high prevalence of obesity and obesity-related chronic diseases in the area of Augusta, Georgia. Despite the importance of diet in the management of chronic diseases, inadequate nutrition education among patients and healthcare providers presents a barrier. The purpose of TEACH Kitchen is to address this gap. METHODS: TEACH Kitchen is as a student-led initiative that promotes healthy cooking among medical students and patients with chronic diseases...
2017: Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888490/type-2-diabetes-in-canadian-aboriginal-adolescents-risk-factors-and-prevalence
#6
Shelley Spurr, Jill Bally, Carol Bullin, Krista Trinder
PURPOSE: To identify the risk factors and prevalence rates of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes among northern Canadian Aboriginal adolescents. DESIGN AND METHODS: In this novel exploratory, quantitative study, 160 high school students (aged 13-21) from three northern, predominantly Canadian Aboriginal communities were screened for risk for prediabetes and type 2 diabetes including demographic data, family medical history, anthropometric measurements, blood pressure, and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c)...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835205/prehypertension-and-psychosocial-risk-factors-among-university-students-in-asean-countries
#7
Karl Peltzer, Supa Pengpid, Vanphanom Sychareun, Alice Joan G Ferrer, Wah Yun Low, Thang Nguyen Huu, Hla Hla Win, Erna Rochmawati, Niruwan Turnbull
BACKGROUND: Existing evidence suggests that the cardiovascular morbidities are increasing among pre-hypertensive individuals compared to normal. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of prehypertension, hypertension and to identify psychosocial risk factors for prehypertension among university students in Association of South East Asian Nation (ASEAN) countries. METHODS: Based on a cross-sectional survey, the total sample included 4649 undergraduate university students (females = 65...
August 23, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774298/metabolic-syndrome-and-parental-history-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-young-adults-in-urban-ghana
#8
Kwame Yeboah, Kennedy Konlan Dodam, Patrick Kormla Affrim, Linda Adu-Gyamfi, Anormah Rashid Bado, Richard N A Owusu Mensah, Afua Bontu Adjei, Ben Gyan
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) in young adults poses significant cardiovascular diseases (CVD) risk for later years. Parental history of CVDs is known to affect the prevalence of CVD risk in adulthood. In sub-Saharan Africa, the burden of MetS in young adults and its relationship with parental CVDs is largely unknown. We studied the gender-specific prevalence of MetS and its association with parental history of diabetes, hypertension and CVDs in young adults resident in urban Ghana...
August 3, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746925/pulmonary-arteriovenous-malformations-are-associated-with-silent-brain-infarcts-in-hereditary-hemorrhagic-telangiectasia-patients
#9
Waleed Brinjikji, Deena M Nasr, Christopher P Wood, Vivek N Iyer
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is a high prevalence of right-to-left shunting pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs), which are stroke risk factors, in hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) patients. While the prevalence of ischemic complications in HHT patients is known, the prevalence of silent brain infarcts (SBI) remains unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors for SBI in HHT patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our institutional HHT database was queried to identify HHT patients who received a baseline screening brain MRI from January 2000 to February 2017...
2017: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743284/hypertension-prevalence-and-influence-of-basal-metabolic-rate-on-blood-pressure-among-adult-students-in-bangladesh
#10
Nurshad Ali, Shakil Mahmood, M Manirujjaman, Rasheda Perveen, Abdullah Al Nahid, Shamim Ahmed, Farida Adib Khanum, Mustafizur Rahman
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a global health issue and is currently increasing at rapid pace in South Asian countries including Bangladesh. Although, some studies on hypertension have been conducted in Bangladesh, there is a lack of scientific evidence in the adult student population that was missing from the previous and recent national cross-sectional studies. Moreover, the specific risk factors of hypertension in the Bangladeshi adults still need to be investigated. This study was conducted to estimate hypertension prevalence among adult students in Bangladesh and to test the hypothesis of Luke et al...
July 25, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738469/-analysis-on-geographic-distribution-of-high-blood-pressure-prevalence-in-children-and-adolescents-aged-7-18-years-in-china-2014
#11
Y H Dong, Z Y Zou, Z H Wang, S Wang, Z P Yang, Y J Chen, J Ma
Objective: To understand and evaluate the characteristics of geographic distribution of high blood pressure prevalence in children and adolescents aged 7-18 years in China in 2014, and provide evidence for the prevention of hypertension in children and adolescents. Methods: The data of 2014 Chinese National Surveys on Students Constitution and Health conducting 31 provinces (except Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan) were collected. A total of 216 299 children and adolescents who had complete blood pressure records were selected as study subjects...
July 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705242/non-communicable-diseases-and-related-risk-behaviors-among-men-and-women-living-with-hiv-in-cambodia-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Pheak Chhoun, Chanrith Ngin, Sovannary Tuot, Khuondyla Pal, Martin Steel, Jennifer Dionisio, Hattie Pearson, Gitau Mburu, Carinne Brody, Siyan Yi
BACKGROUND: There is a growing concern for an increasing burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in people living with HIV. This concern is evident especially in developing countries where dietary and lifestyle risk factors associated with NCDs are becoming more prominent. This study explored the prevalence of diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia and related risk factors in men and women living with HIV in Cambodia. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 510 adult people living with HIV randomly selected from one city and four provinces in Cambodia...
July 14, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693458/a-population-based-national-estimate-of-the-prevalence-and-risk-factors-associated-with-hypertension-in-rwanda-implications-for-prevention-and-control
#13
Marie-Rosette Nahimana, Alypio Nyandwi, Marie Aimee Muhimpundu, Olushayo Olu, Jeanine Umutesi Condo, Andre Rusanganwa, Jean Baptiste Koama, Candide Tran Ngoc, Jean Bosco Gasherebuka, Martin O Ota, Joseph C Okeibunor
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a leading cause of cardiovascular diseases and a growing public health problem in many developed and developing countries. However, population-based data to inform policy development are scarce in Rwanda. This nationally representative study aimed to determine population-based estimates of the prevalence and risk factors associated with hypertension in Rwanda. METHODS: We conducted secondary epidemiological analysis of data collected from a cross-sectional population-based study to assess the risk factors for NCDs using the WHO STEPwise approach to Surveillance of non-communicable diseases (STEPS)...
July 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675574/prevalence-of-hypertension-and-prehypertension-in-children-and-adolescents-with-intellectual-disability-in-southeastern-poland
#14
J Wyszyńska, J Podgórska-Bednarz, J Leszczak, A Mazur
BACKGROUND: There is insufficient information on the prevalence of hypertension (HPT) among children and adolescents with ID. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of HPT in children and adolescents with ID in comparison with the control group, which accounted for children and adolescents without ID. METHODS: The study included 568 students with ID, aged from 7 to 18, attending special education institutions in southeastern Poland...
November 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643011/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-cardiac-arrest-and-myocardial-infarction-after-pelvic-reconstructive-surgery-a-national-multi-institutional-surgical-database-study
#15
David Sheyn, Sangeeta Mahajan, Sherif El-Nashar, Adonis Hijaz, Xiao-Yu Wang, Jeff Mangel
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: There is limited data available regarding the risk for perioperative cardiac morbidity following pelvic reconstructive surgery (PRS). We sought to determine the incidence of cardiac arrest and myocardial infarction within 30 days of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) surgery and determine which factors may contribute to an increased risk of these complications. METHODS: Using the American College of Surgeons National Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database, we identified patients who underwent PRS procedures between 2010 to 2015 using Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes...
June 22, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634519/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-heart-failure-in-the-usa-nhanes-2013-2014-epidemiological-follow-up-study
#16
Saketram Komanduri, Yogesh Jadhao, Sai S Guduru, Pramil Cheriyath, Yijin Wert
Background: Heart Failure (HF) is a progressive epidemic associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. Self-reported data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) provides a unique representation of individuals suffering from HF. The purpose of this study is to analyze updated NHANES 2013-2014 data to identify any changes in the prevalence and current risk factors of HF, especially given the novel lifestyles and increased medical awareness of current generations. Methods: NHANES uses a multistage probability sampling design under the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)...
January 2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623554/-obesity-high-blood-pressure-hypercholesterolaemia-and-untreated-diabetes-in-hiv-infected-and-hiv-uninfected-adults-in-mbuji-mayi-democratic-republic-of-congo
#17
D Mukeba-Tshialala, J B Nachega, M Mutombo-Tshingwali, V Arendt, G Gilson, M Moutschen
Little is known about the major cardiovascular risk factors in HIV-infected as compared to the HIV-uninfected patients in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DR Congo). We determined the prevalence of hypertension, obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m(2)), total cholesterol > 200 mg/dl, HDL-cholesterol ≤ 40 mg/dl, and glycemia > 126 mg/dl. We also calculated the average and/or median of total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, and glycemia among HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected patients. We conducted a cross-sectional study that enrolled 592 HIV-uninfected and 445 HIV-infected patients of whom 425 (95...
June 16, 2017: Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567552/periodontitis-deteriorates-peripheral-arterial-disease-in-japanese-population-via-enhanced-systemic-inflammation
#18
Norio Aoyama, Jun-Ichi Suzuki, Naho Kobayashi, Tomoya Hanatani, Norihiko Ashigaki, Asuka Yoshida, Yuka Shiheido, Hiroki Sato, Hidetoshi Kumagai, Yuichi Ikeda, Hiroshi Akazawa, Issei Komuro, Yuichi Izumi, Mitsuaki Isobe
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a common manifestation of arterial stenosis of the extremity that reduces arterial flow. While patients with periodontitis are at a high risk of PAD, little causal information has been provided to date. To clarify the relationship, we conducted this cross-sectional study. The oral condition of patients with or without PAD, who attended Tokyo Medical and Dental University Hospital, was evaluated. Blood examinations and dental clinical measurements, including number of teeth, probing pocket depth (PPD), bleeding on probing (BOP) and clinical attachment level (CAL) were performed...
May 31, 2017: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535752/four-year-trends-in-adiposity-and-its-association-with-hypertension-in-serial-groups-of-young-adult-university-students-in-urban-cameroon-a-time-series-study
#19
Simeon-Pierre Choukem, André-Pascal Kengne, Maxime-Leolein Nguefack, Yannick Mboue-Djieka, Daniel Nebongo, Jackson T Guimezap, Jean Claude Mbanya
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a major risk factor for non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and is growing rapidly globally including in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). We aimed to assess the trend in adiposity markers in Cameroonian university students, and investigated their associations with hypertension. METHODS: From 2009 to 2012, we annually measured weight, height, blood pressure, waist (WC) and hip circumferences, and calculated the body mass index (BMI) and other indices of adiposity in consecutive students aged 18 years or above, during their registration...
May 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457829/the-number-of-visits-and-blood-pressure-measurements-influence-the-prevalence-of-high-blood-pressure-in-adolescents
#20
Luciano Machado Ferreira Tenório de Oliveira, Alison Oliveira da Silva, Paula Rejane Beserra Diniz, Breno Quintella Farah, André Luiz Torres Pirauá, Antônio José de Lima Neto, Wallacy Milton do Nascimento Feitosa, Rafael Miranda Tassitano, Raphael M Ritti-Dias
The aim of this study was to analyze the influence of the number of visits and the number of blood pressure (BP) measurements on the prevalence of high blood pressure (HBP) in adolescents. A cross-sectional epidemiologic study with 481 adolescents (14-19 years old) selected using a random cluster sampling strategy. We measured the BP three times in a first visit. Adolescents with HBP performed subsequent visits. The final calculation of BP followed four strategies: the 1st measure, mean of 1st and 2nd measurements, mean of all three measurements, and averaging the 2nd and 3rd measurements...
April 13, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
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