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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212483/fast-food-consumption-and-its-associations-with-obesity-and-hypertension-among-children-results-from-the-baseline-data-of-the-childhood-obesity-study-in-china-mega-cities
#1
Yaling Zhao, Liang Wang, Hong Xue, Huijun Wang, Youfa Wang
BACKGROUND: China has seen rapid increase in obesity and hypertension prevalence and fast food consumption over the past decade. We examined status and risk factors for Western- and Chinese fast food consumption and their associations with health outcomes in Chinese children, and examined how maternal factors were associated with child health outcomes. METHODS: Data of 1626 students aged 7-16 (11.6 ± 2.0) years and their parents in four mega-cities across China (Beijing, Shanghai, Nanjing, and Xi'an) were collected in the 2015 baseline survey of the Childhood Obesity Study in China Mega-cities...
December 6, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185613/waist-circumference-is-associated-with-blood-pressure-in-children-with-normal-body-mass-index-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-3-417-school-children
#2
Daiane Cristina Pazin, Caroline Filla Rosaneli, Márcia Olandoski, Edna Regina Netto de Oliveira, Cristina Pellegrino Baena, Alyne S Figueredo, Analin Ono Baraniuk, Tatiana Lorena da Luz Kaestner, Luiz Cesar Guarita-Souza, José Rocha Faria-Neto
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of childhood obesity and associated conditions, such as hypertension, has become a major problem of public health. Although waist circumference (WC) is a marker of cardiovascular risk in adults, it is unclear whether this index is associated with cardiovascular risk factors in children. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to evaluate the association between increased WC and elevated blood pressure (BP) in children with normal body mass index (BMI) ranges...
November 27, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176474/hepatic-parenchymal-injury-in-crigler-najjar-type-i
#3
Ellen Mitchell, Sarangarajan Ranganathan, Patrick McKiernan, Robert H Squires, Kevin Strauss, Kyle Soltys, George Mazariegos, James E Squires
BACKGROUND: Crigler-Najjar syndrome type I (CNI) arises from biallelic variants of UGT1A1 that abrogate UGT1A1 activity resulting in unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia. Historically, liver parenchyma in CNI was considered structurally and histologically normal. Recent review of CNI liver explants revealed fibrosis. Our aim was to investigate the association between hepatic histology and disease phenotype in CNI. METHODS: We extracted data from the medical record at the time of liver transplant from 22 patients with CNI at the Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, and reviewed explant histology...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168965/relationships-between-metabolic-profile-hypertension-and-uric-acid-with-cardiometabolic-risk-in-adolescents-with-abdominal-obesity-impact-of-geodemographic-factors-on-the-prevalence-of-abdominal-obesity
#4
Hamida Bouhenni, Hadjer Daoudi, Haidar Djemai, Philippe Noirez, Abdelkader Rouabah, Damien Vitiello, Leila Rouabah
Background Association of hyperuricemia, dyslipidemia and high blood pressure (BP) among adolescents with high waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) remains not fully addressed and could represent a new way to diagnose adolescents early with cardiometabolic risk. Objective We aimed to determine abdominal obesity (AO) prevalence and investigate relations between AO, uric acid (UA), lipid profiles, BP and geographical patterns in adolescents. Subjects 577 and 204 Algerian students aged between 10 and 19 years were included in our epidemiological and biochemical studies, respectively...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126458/epidemiology-of-hypertension-in-fulani-indigenous-populations-age-gender-and-drivers
#5
Clement Kufe Nyuyki, George Ngufor, George Mbeh, Jean Claude Mbanya
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a public health problem and the main contributor to cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. Little is known about hypertension among the minority, diverse and socially disadvantaged 23-24 million Fulani/Peul populations dispersed in West, Central and East Africa, undergoing a transition from traditional to transitional and modern lifestyle. This study describes age and gender variations in blood pressure and drivers of hypertension among rural Fulani population of Cameroon...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108814/waist-to-height-ratio-and-sedentary-lifestyle-as-predictors-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-children-in-ecuador
#6
F Aguirre P, A Coca, M F Aguirre, G Celis
OBJECTIVE: To determine the predictors and prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) and the presence of vascular inflammation in apparently-normal children (10-15 years) of both sexes in Guayaquil, Ecuador. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We included 395 apparently-healthy students from a middle-income school in a cross-sectional survey. Informed consent was obtained from students and parents. Anthropometric measurements including blood pressure (BP), body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), and blood tests were recorded...
November 3, 2017: Hipertensión y Riesgo Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068582/prevalence-of-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-among-pharmacy-students-from-wroclaw-medical-university-poland
#7
Rafał Ilow, Dorota Różańska, Bożena Regulska-Ilow
BACKGROUND: Atherosclerotic processes begin in childhood and their development worsens during adolescence. Early prevention of CVD risk factors may have an important impact on the future health of young people. It can be also helpful in reducing the costs of treating CVD later in life. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of selected cardiovascular disease risk factors among pharmacy students. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group consisted of 1,168 pharmacy students (892 women and 276 men) from Wroclaw Medical University...
August 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982248/profiles-of-blood-pressure-among-children-and-adolescents-with-different-body-mass-index-categories-in-shandong-china
#8
Shu-Rong Wang, Yong-Bao Zhu, Yan Cheng, Ying-Xiu Zhang
BACKGROUND: The International Obesity Task Force recently developed an extended body mass index (BMI) cut-offs for screening thinness, overweight and obesity among children and adolescents. The present study examined the profiles of blood pressure (BP) among children and adolescents with different BMI categories in Shandong, China. METHODS: Data for this study were obtained from a large cross-sectional survey of schoolchildren. A total of 44,630 students (22,404 boys and 22,226 girls) aged 7-18 years participated in this study...
October 5, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976267/chronic-disease-and-health-risk-behaviors-among-rural-agricultural-workforce-in-queensland
#9
Janani Pinidiyapathirage, Megan O'Shannessy, Jane Harte, Susan Brumby, Scott Kitchener
INTRODUCTION: Little is known of the lifestyle behaviors and prevalence of chronic disease in the Australian agricultural workforce. This study aimed to assess behavioral risk factors and the prevalence of chronic disease among attendees of agricultural events in rural Queensland. METHODS: Data on lifestyle risk factors and prevalence of diabetes and cardiovascular diseases were collected from participants in four separate cross-sectional studies in rural southern Queensland...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926364/prevalence-of-severe-obesity-and-its-association-with-elevated-blood-pressure-among-children-and-adolescents-in-shandong-china
#10
Ying-Xiu Zhang, Shu-Rong Wang, Su-Yun Li
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity has increased markedly during the past decades; however, data on the prevalence of severe obesity in children and adolescents are limited. The present study examined the prevalence of severe obesity and its association with elevated blood pressure (BP) among children and adolescents in Shandong, China. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 44 630 (22 404 boys and 22 226 girls) students aged 7-18 years participated in the study. BMI cut-off points recommended by the International Obesity Task Force were used to define class I-III obesity...
September 18, 2017: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923902/national-blood-pressure-reference-for-chinese-han-children-and-adolescents-aged-7-to-17-years
#11
Yanhui Dong, Jun Ma, Yi Song, Bin Dong, Zhenghe Wang, Zhaogeng Yang, Xijie Wang, Judith J Prochaska
We sought to develop and validate a national blood pressure (BP) reference based on age, sex, and height for Chinese children. Data were obtained on 197 430 children aged 7 to 17 who participated in the Chinese National Survey on Students' Constitution and Health in 2010. BP percentiles were estimated and fitted using the lambda, mu, and sigma method and then compared with a US reference and China existing reference. In an external independent validation sample of 59 653 children aged 7 to 18 from 7 Chinese provinces in 2013, the prevalence of elevated BP was compared applying the 3 references...
November 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890945/teach-kitchen-a-chronological-review-of-accomplishments
#12
Jung Hee Chae, Benjamin E Ansa, Selina A Smith
BACKGROUND: The Eating and Cooking Healthy (TEACH) Kitchen was founded at the Medical College of Georgia in 2015 as a nutrition-based intervention to combat the high prevalence of obesity and obesity-related chronic diseases in the area of Augusta, Georgia. Despite the importance of diet in the management of chronic diseases, inadequate nutrition education among patients and healthcare providers presents a barrier. The purpose of TEACH Kitchen is to address this gap. METHODS: TEACH Kitchen is as a student-led initiative that promotes healthy cooking among medical students and patients with chronic diseases...
2017: Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888490/type-2-diabetes-in-canadian-aboriginal-adolescents-risk-factors-and-prevalence
#13
Shelley Spurr, Jill Bally, Carol Bullin, Krista Trinder
PURPOSE: To identify the risk factors and prevalence rates of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes among northern Canadian Aboriginal adolescents. DESIGN AND METHODS: In this novel exploratory, quantitative study, 160 high school students (aged 13-21) from three northern, predominantly Canadian Aboriginal communities were screened for risk for prediabetes and type 2 diabetes including demographic data, family medical history, anthropometric measurements, blood pressure, and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c)...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835205/prehypertension-and-psychosocial-risk-factors-among-university-students-in-asean-countries
#14
Karl Peltzer, Supa Pengpid, Vanphanom Sychareun, Alice Joan G Ferrer, Wah Yun Low, Thang Nguyen Huu, Hla Hla Win, Erna Rochmawati, Niruwan Turnbull
BACKGROUND: Existing evidence suggests that the cardiovascular morbidities are increasing among pre-hypertensive individuals compared to normal. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of prehypertension, hypertension and to identify psychosocial risk factors for prehypertension among university students in Association of South East Asian Nation (ASEAN) countries. METHODS: Based on a cross-sectional survey, the total sample included 4649 undergraduate university students (females = 65...
August 23, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774298/metabolic-syndrome-and-parental-history-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-young-adults-in-urban-ghana
#15
Kwame Yeboah, Kennedy Konlan Dodam, Patrick Kormla Affrim, Linda Adu-Gyamfi, Anormah Rashid Bado, Richard N A Owusu Mensah, Afua Bontu Adjei, Ben Gyan
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) in young adults poses significant cardiovascular diseases (CVD) risk for later years. Parental history of CVDs is known to affect the prevalence of CVD risk in adulthood. In sub-Saharan Africa, the burden of MetS in young adults and its relationship with parental CVDs is largely unknown. We studied the gender-specific prevalence of MetS and its association with parental history of diabetes, hypertension and CVDs in young adults resident in urban Ghana...
August 3, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746925/pulmonary-arteriovenous-malformations-are-associated-with-silent-brain-infarcts-in-hereditary-hemorrhagic-telangiectasia-patients
#16
Waleed Brinjikji, Deena M Nasr, Christopher P Wood, Vivek N Iyer
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is a high prevalence of right-to-left shunting pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs), which are stroke risk factors, in hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) patients. While the prevalence of ischemic complications in HHT patients is known, the prevalence of silent brain infarcts (SBI) remains unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors for SBI in HHT patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our institutional HHT database was queried to identify HHT patients who received a baseline screening brain MRI from January 2000 to February 2017...
2017: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743284/hypertension-prevalence-and-influence-of-basal-metabolic-rate-on-blood-pressure-among-adult-students-in-bangladesh
#17
Nurshad Ali, Shakil Mahmood, M Manirujjaman, Rasheda Perveen, Abdullah Al Nahid, Shamim Ahmed, Farida Adib Khanum, Mustafizur Rahman
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a global health issue and is currently increasing at rapid pace in South Asian countries including Bangladesh. Although, some studies on hypertension have been conducted in Bangladesh, there is a lack of scientific evidence in the adult student population that was missing from the previous and recent national cross-sectional studies. Moreover, the specific risk factors of hypertension in the Bangladeshi adults still need to be investigated. This study was conducted to estimate hypertension prevalence among adult students in Bangladesh and to test the hypothesis of Luke et al...
July 25, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738469/-analysis-on-geographic-distribution-of-high-blood-pressure-prevalence-in-children-and-adolescents-aged-7-18-years-in-china-2014
#18
Y H Dong, Z Y Zou, Z H Wang, S Wang, Z P Yang, Y J Chen, J Ma
Objective: To understand and evaluate the characteristics of geographic distribution of high blood pressure prevalence in children and adolescents aged 7-18 years in China in 2014, and provide evidence for the prevention of hypertension in children and adolescents. Methods: The data of 2014 Chinese National Surveys on Students Constitution and Health conducting 31 provinces (except Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan) were collected. A total of 216 299 children and adolescents who had complete blood pressure records were selected as study subjects...
July 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705242/non-communicable-diseases-and-related-risk-behaviors-among-men-and-women-living-with-hiv-in-cambodia-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Pheak Chhoun, Chanrith Ngin, Sovannary Tuot, Khuondyla Pal, Martin Steel, Jennifer Dionisio, Hattie Pearson, Gitau Mburu, Carinne Brody, Siyan Yi
BACKGROUND: There is a growing concern for an increasing burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in people living with HIV. This concern is evident especially in developing countries where dietary and lifestyle risk factors associated with NCDs are becoming more prominent. This study explored the prevalence of diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia and related risk factors in men and women living with HIV in Cambodia. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 510 adult people living with HIV randomly selected from one city and four provinces in Cambodia...
July 14, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693458/a-population-based-national-estimate-of-the-prevalence-and-risk-factors-associated-with-hypertension-in-rwanda-implications-for-prevention-and-control
#20
Marie-Rosette Nahimana, Alypio Nyandwi, Marie Aimee Muhimpundu, Olushayo Olu, Jeanine Umutesi Condo, Andre Rusanganwa, Jean Baptiste Koama, Candide Tran Ngoc, Jean Bosco Gasherebuka, Martin O Ota, Joseph C Okeibunor
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a leading cause of cardiovascular diseases and a growing public health problem in many developed and developing countries. However, population-based data to inform policy development are scarce in Rwanda. This nationally representative study aimed to determine population-based estimates of the prevalence and risk factors associated with hypertension in Rwanda. METHODS: We conducted secondary epidemiological analysis of data collected from a cross-sectional population-based study to assess the risk factors for NCDs using the WHO STEPwise approach to Surveillance of non-communicable diseases (STEPS)...
July 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
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