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prevalence hypertension students

Monique S White, Clifton C Addison, Brenda W Campbell Jenkins, Vanessa Bland, Adrianne Clark, Donna Antoine LaVigne
Childhood obesity has reached epidemic proportions and is linked to hypertension among African American youth. Optimistic bias influences behavior of youth causing them to underestimate their susceptibility to negative health outcomes. This study explored adolescent behaviors and prevalence of high blood pressure and obesity in a school district. We examined the relationship between individual health risk practices and optimistic bias on health outcomes; 433 African American high school students were administered a survey and had their obesity and blood pressure measured by the school nurse...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Amrinder Singh, Shweta Shenoy, Jaspal Singh Sandhu
CONTEXT: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) refers to a group of common metabolic disorders that share the phenotype of Hyperglycemia. More than 60% of the world's population with diabetes comes from Asia. AIM: To study the prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus among Sikh individuals living in the urban localities of Amritsar. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: The study was designed in the Faculty of Sports Medicine & Physiotherapy, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, Punjab, India...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
Masao Kanauchi, Kimiko Kanauchi
BACKGROUND: The Mediterranean diet (MD) is well known as a healthy diet that protects against several chronic diseases. However, there is no appropriate and easy index to assess adherence to the MD pattern in Japan. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop a novel instrument to measure MD adherence adapted to a Japanese diet and to examine its association with overweight/obesity risk. METHODS: A cross-sectional nutritional survey provided the data for construction of a novel MD score...
2016: Food & Nutrition Research
Sunil V Pawar, Vinay G Zanwar, Ajay S Choksey, Ashok R Mohite, Samit S Jain, Ravindra G Surude, Qais Q Contractor, Pravin M Rathi, Ravi U Verma, Premlata K Varthakavi
:  Background and rationale. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common cause of pediatric liver disease in western countries. Its prevalence in Indian subcontinent is not well studied. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a school based cross sectional study we have screened overweight and obese children in the age group of 11 to 15 years for NAFLD. Ultrasonography, elevated serum transaminases, fibroscan were used for defining NAFLD. Dietary habits, blood pressure, serum lipid profile, blood counts and insulin resistance were recorded...
November 2016: Annals of Hepatology
Juan M Vrancic, Fernando Piccinini, Mariano Camporrotondo, Juan C Espinoza, Juan I Camou, Francisco Nacinovich, Pablo Fernandez Oses, Daniel Navia
BACKGROUND: There is controversy about the risk of mediastinitis associated with the use of both internal thoracic arteries (ITA). METHODS: We performed a case-control study of patients operated on at a single institution from January 2003 to December 2014. A total of 3,118 consecutive patients undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass graft surgery were included; 81.3% (n = 2,533) underwent bilateral ITA (BITA) grafts exclusively and constitute the BITA group, and 18...
September 19, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Yang Yang, Xiao-Mei Hu, Tian-Jiao Chen, Ming-Jie Bai
China is an urban and rural social model country. In the past three decades, the developing speed of rural areas has been much slower than urban areas, which may lead to the differences in dietary patterns. This study aimed to investigate the disparities of dietary structures from urban and rural children, and to analyze the effects of different dietary patterns on their adverse outcome. Among 1590 students, aged 11 years to 17 years, from primary and middle schools, a cross-sectional study was conducted. There were three dietary patterns recognized: Westernization structure, meat diet structure, and Western and Chinese structure...
September 6, 2016: Nutrients
Jill Kropa, Jeremy Close, David Shipon, Erich Hufnagel, Christopher Terry, Jeffrey Oliver, Benjamin Johnson
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of obesity and hypertension-level blood pressures in an urban, athletic adolescent population using preparticipation physical evaluation (PPE) data. STUDY DESIGN: The Athlete Health Organization provides free preparticipation physical evaluations to Philadelphia student-athletes via an annual mass-screening event. From 2009 to 2012, Athlete Health Organization personnel performed PPEs on more than 2700 middle school and high school athletes...
November 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
N Nibouche, N Lanasri, A Chibane, F Zeraoulia, A Bachir-Cherif, A Dahak, L Makhlouf, A Medjahed, A Biad
OBJECTIVE: we aim to study clinical characteristics of normotensive, newly diagnosed type 2 diabetics whom present OHT and to determine the evolution of BP after one year of follow-up. DESIGN AND METHOD: it's a prospective, observational, monocentric, cohort study. The prevalence of OHT was investigated in 327 patients, 122 men and 205 women aged from 40 to 70 years with newly diagnosed type2 diabetes. Arterial hypertension was defined and classified according to OMS and JNC7 recommendations...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Jia Hu, Guang-Ping Chu, Fei-Fei Huang, Yi-Kai Zhou, Chen-Gang Teng, Hai-Bing Yang, Hui Shen
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of hypertension has been increasing in children and adolescents in China, which is considered to be accompanied with the epidemic of childhood overweight and obesity, but limited prospective studies have investigated the effect of body mass index (BMI) change on blood pressure among children, especially in China. METHODS: This school-based prospective study compared the blood pressure and prevalence of hypertension in students with different patterns of change in BMI between two periods (childhood and adolescence)...
November 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
A Madej, B Pietrzak, N Mazanowska, T Songin, B Kociszewska-Najman, A Cyganek, Z Jabiry-Zieniewicz, M Wielgos
BACKGROUND: Pregnancies in transplant recipients involve risks for both grafts and the fetus, and need to be carefully managed. Hypertension is the most frequent complications in pregnant transplant recipients, especially in renal transplant recipients. Strict control of blood pressure is essential for a favorable obstetric outcome and long-term graft survival. The aim of the study was to evaluate the influence of hypertension on obstetric outcome and graft function in pregnant renal transplant recipients (RTR) or liver transplant recipients (LTR) in comparison with healthy pregnant women...
June 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Mitra Zarrati, Elham Hojaji, Elham Razmpoosh, Farinaz Nasiri Nezhad, Hossein Keyvani, Raheleh Shokouhi Shoormasti, Farzad Shidfar
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of overweight, abdominal obesity and hypertension among children has increased worldwide including Iran over several decades. We carried out a study to provide current estimates of the prevalence and trends of hypertension, overweight and obesity along with the relationship between weight status and hypertension in Iranian school-children. METHOD: This study was carried out among 1184 fifth-grade students, whose ages ranged from 11 to 14 years...
December 2016: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Anthony M Meyers
INTRODUCTION: An often-quoted remark is to present problems as challenges, which invariably end up in the "in-box", eventually to be swept under the carpet. The chronic kidney disease burden in the South African black population poses a challenging crisis requiring immediate intervention even in a country with limited resources. Aims, materials, and methods: The National Kidney Foundation of South Africa (NKFSA) reports on 3 major projects. The schools project is aimed at prevention, early diagnosis, and appropriate management of chronic kidney disease (CKD) on a national basis...
2016: Clinical Nephrology
Muktisadhan Maiti, Lina Bandyopadhyay
BACKGROUND: High blood pressure in childhood is a potential risk factor for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. The roots of essential hypertension in adults may be initiated in childhood. This study was conducted to investigate blood pressure profiles of adolescent schoolchildren in the practice field area of the Urban Health Centre, Chetla, Kolkata. OBJECTIVES: This cross-sectional study was carried out to determine the prevalence of hypertension in adolescent schoolchildren, to compare the blood pressure between boys and girls, and to study the association between selected variables and blood pressure...
July 25, 2016: Postgraduate Medical Journal
Gupta Ekta, Mahanta Goswami Tulika
INTRODUCTION: Chronic noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) including cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of death in the world, and their incidence is rising rapidly due to increasing rates of risk factors such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes, obesity, physical inactivity, and tobacco use. These risk factors track from childhood to adulthood, and their distribution varies among males and females; hence, there is a need to determine risk factor prevalence among adolescent age group so as to plan preventive strategies...
January 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Sanjukta Mishra, Ashok Kumar Das, Swarnalata Das
INTRODUCTION: Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) frequently suffer from metabolic disturbances like insulin resistance, hypertension and atherogenic dyslipidemia. Accumulating evidences suggest that Vitamin D deficiency is common in PCOS and may be associated with metabolic and endocrinal dysfunctions in PCOS. Thus women with PCOS may be at elevated risk of cardiovascular disease. AIM: Present study aims to evaluate Vitamin D status and to assess its association with metabolic and endocrinal dysregulations in women with PCOS, which might help in early identification and prevention of future symptomatic cardiac disease...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Ying-Xiu Zhang, Zhao-Xia Wang, Jin-Shan Zhao, Zun-Hua Chu
BACKGROUND: BMI and waist circumference (WC) are two commonly used measurements for defining general and central obesity. The present study examined the profiles of blood pressure (BP) among children and adolescents categorized by BMI and WC in Shandong, China. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: A total of 38 810 students (19 453 boys and 19 357 girls) aged 7-17 years participated in this study. Height, weight, WC, and BP of all participants were measured, and BMI was calculated...
October 2016: Blood Pressure Monitoring
Robert Zivadinov, Deepa P Ramasamy, Ralph R H Benedict, Paul Polak, Jesper Hagemeier, Christopher Magnano, Michael G Dwyer, Niels Bergsland, Nicola Bertolino, Bianca Weinstock-Guttman, Channa Kolb, David Hojnacki, David Utriainen, E Mark Haacke, Ferdinand Schweser
Purpose To assess cerebral microbleed (CMB) prevalence in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) and associations with clinical outcomes. Materials and Methods CMBs are associated with aging and neurodegenerative disorders. The prevalence of CMBs has not previously been well established. In this study, 445 patients with MS (266 with relapsing-remitting MS, 138 with secondary progressive MS, and 41 with primary progressive MS), 45 patients with CIS, 51 patients with other neurological diseases, and 177 healthy control subjects (HCs) underwent 3-T magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and clinical examinations...
December 2016: Radiology
Tomasz Rechberger, Łukasz Nowakowski, Ewa Rechberger, Alicja Ziętek, Izabela Winkler, Paweł Miotła
OBJECTIVES: Due to prolonged life expectancy, regardless of the fact that elderly women are more likely to suffer from comorbidities, urogynaecologists worldwide should expect a growing demand for counseling and effective treatment for patients with pelvic floor defects. The aim of the study was to investigate the incidence of popular comorbidities among urogynaecological patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The retrospective analysis included clinical data of 4,065 consecutive female patients who under-went surgical treatment in the 2nd Department of Gynaecology at the Medical University of Lublin due to urogynaecological disorders between January 2005 and December 2014...
2016: Ginekologia Polska
Hima Gopinath, Gatha M Upadya
BACKGROUND: Androgenic alopecia has been associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease in various studies. The relationship between androgenic alopecia and metabolic syndrome, a known risk factor for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, is still poorly understood. AIM: To study the association between metabolic syndrome and early-onset androgenic alopecia. METHODS: A hospital-based analytical cross-sectional study was done on men in the age group of 18-55 years...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
Aleksandra Kołtuniuk, Joanna Rosińczuk
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of mortality among adults in Poland. A number of risk factors have significant influence on CVD incidence. Early identification of risk factors related to our lifestyle facilitates taking proper actions aiming at the reduction of their negative impact on health. AIM: The aim of the study was to compare the prevalence of CVD risk factors between patients aged over 65 years and patients of other age groups in surgical wards...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
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