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Soumitra Shome, Anupam Das Talukdar, Manabendra Dutta Choudhury, Mrinal Kanti Bhattacharya, Hrishikesh Upadhyaya
OBJECTIVES: Nanotechnology-based drug delivery systems can resolve the poor bioavailability issue allied with curcumin. The therapeutic potential of curcumin can be enhanced by making nanocomposite preparation of curcumin with metal oxide nanoparticles, poly lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) nanoparticles and solid lipid nanoparticles that increases its bioavailability in the tissue. KEY FINDINGS: Curcumin has manifold therapeutic effects which include antidiabetic, antihypertensive, anticancer, anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Sarita Nehra, Varun Bhardwaj, Santosh Kar, Deepika Saraswat
Nehra, Sarita, Varun Bhardwaj, Santosh Kar, and Deepika Saraswat. Chronic hypobaric hypoxia induces right ventricular hypertrophy and apoptosis in rats: therapeutic potential of nanocurcumin in improving adaptation. High Alt Med Biol 00:000-000, 2016-a sustained work load on the right heart on ascent to high altitudes promotes right ventricular hypertrophy (RVH), which eventually undergoes decompensation and promotes pathological damage. However, the exact set of events leading to damage remains unidentified...
September 14, 2016: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
Mohammad Hossein Khosropanah, Amin Dinarvand, Afsaneh Nezhadhosseini, Alireza Haghighi, Sima Hashemi, Fereidon Nirouzad, Sepideh Khatamsaz, Maliheh Entezari, Mehrdad Hashemi, Hossein Dehghani
Cancer is one of the main causes of mortality in the world which appears by the effect of enviromental physico-chemical mutagen and carcinogen agents. The identification of new cytotoxic drug with low sid effects on immune system has developed as important area in new studies of immunopharmacology. Curcumin is a natural polyphenol with anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer properties. Its therapeutic potential is substantially hindered by the rather low water solubility and bioavailability, hence the need for suitable carriers...
2016: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
Sarita Nehra, Varun Bhardwaj, Anju Bansal, Deepika Saraswat
Decline in oxygen availability experienced under hypobaric hypoxia (HH) mediates imbalance in lung fluid clearance and is a causative agent of acute lung injury. Here, we investigate the pathological events behind acute HH mediated lung injury and assess the therapeutic efficacy of nanocurcumin in its amelioration. We assess the protective efficacy of nanotized curcumin (nanocurcumin) in ameliorating HH induced lung injury and compare to curcumin. Rats exposed to acute HH (6, 12, 24, 48 and 72 h) were subjected to histopathology, blood-gas analysis and clinical biochemistry, cytokine response and redox damage...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
Hoang Van Nong, Le Xuan Hung, Pham Nam Thang, Vu Duc Chinh, Le Van Vu, Phan Tien Dung, Tran Van Trung, Pham Thu Nga
In this report, we present the research results on using the conventional method and microwave technology to extract curcuminoid from turmeric roots originated in different regions of Northern Vietnam. This method is simple, yet economical, non-toxic and still able to achieve high extraction performance to get curcuminoid from turmeric roots. The detailed results on the Raman vibration spectra combined with X-ray powder diffraction and high-performance liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry allowed the evaluation of each batch of curcumin crystalline powder sample received, under the conditions of applied fabrication technology...
2016: SpringerPlus
Panchanan Maiti, Tia C Hall, Leela Paladugu, Nivya Kolli, Cameron Learman, Julien Rossignol, Gary L Dunbar
Deposition of amyloid beta protein (Aβ) is a key component in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). As an anti-amyloid natural polyphenol, curcumin (Cur) has been used as a therapy for AD. Its fluorescent activity, preferential binding to Aβ, as well as structural similarities with other traditional amyloid-binding dyes, make it a promising candidate for labeling and imaging of Aβ plaques in vivo. The present study was designed to test whether dietary Cur and nanocurcumin (NC) provide more sensitivity for labeling and imaging of Aβ plaques in brain tissues from the 5×-familial AD (5×FAD) mice than the classical Aβ-binding dyes, such as Congo red and Thioflavin-S...
November 2016: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
Judy Gopal, Manikandan Muthu, Se-Chul Chun
Water soluble nanocurcumin prepared from commercial turmeric powders was compared against ethanol extracted curcumin particles. The oral microflora from five different human volunteers was collected and the efficacy of solvent extracted curcumin versus water extracted nanocurcumin was demonstrated. Nanocurcumin activity against oral microflora confirms its antimicrobial potency. Confocal laser scanning microscopic results revealed the enhanced entry of nanocurcumin particles into microbial cells. The nanosized nature of nanocurcumin appears to have led to increased cellular interaction and thereby efficient destruction of microbial cells in the mouth...
November 15, 2016: Food Chemistry
Fatemeh Chamani, Majid Sadeghizadeh, Mahbobeh Masoumi, Sadegh Babashah
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary malignancy of the liver making up more than 80 percent of cases. It is known to be the sixth most prevalent cancer and the third most frequent cause of cancer related death worldwide. Epigenetic regulation constitutes an important mechanism by which dietary components can selectively activate or inactivate target gene expression. The miR-34 family members including mir-34a, mir-34b and mir-34c are tumor suppressor micro RNAs, which are expressed in the majority of normal tissues...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Mo'ath Ahmad Aldahoun, M S Jaafar, M-Ali H Al-Akhras, M Bououdina
Curcumin is more soluble in ethanol, dimethylsulfoxide, methanol and acetone than in water. In this study, nanocurcumin combined with 8 mT AC static magnetic field was used to enhance cellular uptake, bioavailability, and ultimate efficiency of curcumin against prostate cancer cell line (PC3), four bacteria strains (two Gram positive: Micrococcus luteus ATCC 9341, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 29213 and two Gram negative: Escherichia coli ATCC 25922, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853), mammalian cell line (HEK) and human erythrocytes (RBC)...
May 2, 2016: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Verica Paunovic, Biljana Ristic, Zoran Markovic, Biljana Todorovic-Markovic, Milica Kosic, Jovana Prekodravac, Tamara Kravic-Stevovic, Tamara Martinovic, Matej Micusik, Zdeno Spitalsky, Vladimir Trajkovic, Ljubica Harhaji-Trajkovic
Indian spice curcumin is known for its anticancer properties, but the anticancer mechanisms of nanoparticulate curcumin have not been completely elucidated. We here investigated the in vitro anticancer effect of blue light (470 nm, 1 W)-irradiated curcumin nanoparticles prepared by tetrahydrofuran/water solvent exchange, using U251 glioma, B16 melanoma, and H460 lung cancer cells as targets. The size of curcumin nanocrystals was approximately 250 nm, while photoexcitation induced their oxidation and partial agglomeration...
April 2016: Biomedical Microdevices
Mo'ath Ahmad Adahoun, Mohammed-Ali Hassan Al-Akhras, Mohamad Suhaimi Jaafar, Mohamed Bououdina
Background Curcumin (diferuloylmethane) is a polyphenol derived from the plant Curcuma longa, commonly called turmeric. Extensive research over the last 50 years has demonstrated that these polyphenols play an important role in the maintenance of health and prevention of diseases, in addition to its therapeutic benefits such as anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, and anti-oxidant activities. Materials and methods This study is devoted to the enhancement of the solubility and bioavailability of curcumin nanoparticles prepared by a process based on a wet-milling technique and then examine in vitro against prostate cancer cell line 3 (PC3), human embryonic kidney cell line (HEK), human erythrocytes (red blood cells (RBCs)), and against fourth different bacterial strains two gram-positive (Micrococcus luteus ATCC 9341, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 29213), two gram-negative (Escherichia coli ATCC 25922, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853)...
January 8, 2016: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Sarita Nehra, Varun Bhardwaj, Lilly Ganju, Deepika Saraswat
Hypoxia induced oxidative stress incurs pathophysiological changes in hypertrophied cardiomyocytes by promoting translocation of p53 to mitochondria. Here, we investigate the cardio-protective efficacy of nanocurcumin in protecting primary human ventricular cardiomyocytes (HVCM) from hypoxia induced damages. Hypoxia induced hypertrophy was confirmed by FITC-phenylalanine uptake assay, atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) levels and cell size measurements. Hypoxia induced translocation of p53 was investigated by using mitochondrial membrane permeability transition pore blocker cyclosporin A (blocks entry of p53 to mitochondria) and confirmed by western blot and immunofluorescence...
2015: PloS One
A Rajasekar, T Devasena
Our investigation was carried out in two phases. First we synthesized curcumin nanocrystals using a simple precipitation method and characterized their absorbance, crystallinity, size, and morphology by UV-visible spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD) spectroscopy, High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy (HRTEM) and Particle size Analyzer (PSA), in comparison with bulk curcumin. Characterization studies revealed that the protocol we standardized resulted in Curcumin nanocrystals with 10-200 nm size which was fairly soluble in water in contrast to bulk curcumin...
June 2015: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
M A Javidi, F Zolghadr, S Babashah, M Sadeghizadeh
One of the major obstacles needed to be overcome before using cell therapy for clinical purposes is the high probability of tumor formation in patients who receive the transplants, as undifferentiated stem cells (SCs) have the potential to form teratomas/teratocarcinoma in xenotransplants. In this study the ability of dendrosomal nanocurcumin (solublized curcumin using a biodegradable non-toxic nano-carrier) to affect undifferentiated/hazardous cell, and hence increasing the safety of cell therapy (particularly in diabetes type I) by mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) was examined...
November 2015: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
Mili Pal, Meenu Sachdeva, Niharika Gupta, Priyanka Mishra, Mahavir Yadav, Archana Tiwari
Chronic lead exposure is related to many health diseases in mammals. Exposure to lead forms reactive oxygen species reducing body antioxidant enzymes inflicting injury to numerous macromolecules or cell necrosis. Recent studies have revealed oxidative stress as the vital mechanism for lead toxicity. Lead is found to be toxic to several organ systems such as hematopoietic, skeletal, renal, cardiac, hepatic, and reproductive systems and extremely toxic to the central nervous system (CNS). Curcumin, an active ingredient of the dietary spice, and nanocurcumin, a nanoform of curcumin, are found to decrease toxicity due to lead in various organ systems in mouse models...
December 2015: Biological Trace Element Research
Sarita Nehra, Varun Bhardwaj, Namita Kalra, Lilly Ganju, Anju Bansal, Shweta Saxena, Deepika Saraswat
Hypoxia-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy is evident; however, the distinct molecular mechanism underlying the oxidative stress-mediated damages to cardiomyocytes remains unknown. Curcumin (diferuloylmethane) is known for anti-hypertrophic effects, but low bioavailability makes it unsuitable to exploit its pharmacological properties. We assessed the efficacy of nanotized curcumin, i.e. nanocurcumin, in ameliorating hypoxia-induced hypertrophy and apoptosis in H9c2 cardiomyoblasts and compared it to curcumin...
June 2015: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
Chih-Zen Chang, Shu-Chuan Wu, Chih-Lung Lin, Aij-Lie Kwan
BACKGROUND: More and more evidence revealed early brain injury (EBI) may determine the final outcome in aneurismal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) patients. This study is of interest to examine the efficacy of nano-particle curcumin (nanocurcumin), a diarylheptanoid, on a SAH-induced EBI model. METHODS: A rodent double hemorrhage model was employed. Nanocurcumin (75/150/300μg/kg/day) was administered via osmotic mini-pump post-SAH. CSF samples were collected to examine IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α (rt-PCR)...
May 22, 2015: Brain Research
Abdulmohsen H Al-Rohaimi
The problem of poor bioavailability and clinical efficacy of curcumin can be sorted out after converting crystalline Curcumin (CrysCur) into amorphous NanoCurcumin (NanoCur). Amorphous NanoCur was prepared by converting into nanoemulsion (o/w) using water titration method. The formulation were pre-screen by different physical stress tests, followed by in vitro release study, zeta potential, viscosity, transmittance, globule size distribution and ex vivo studies. The morphology of the NanoCur was determined using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) which revealed fairly spherical shape and good correlation with droplet size distribution study...
2015: Journal of Oleo Science
Xiaoyu Hu, Fang Huang, Magdalena Szymusiak, Ying Liu, Zaijie Jim Wang
Chronic use of opioid analgesics has been hindered by the development of opioid addiction and tolerance. We have reported that curcumin, a natural flavonoid from the rhizome of Curcuma longa, attenuated opioid tolerance, although the underlying mechanism remains unclear. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that curcumin may inhibit Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II α (CaMKIIα), a protein kinase that has been previously proposed to be critical for opioid tolerance and dependence. In this study, we used state-of-the-art polymeric formulation technology to produce poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA)-curcumin nanoparticles (nanocurcumin) to overcome the drug's poor solubility and bioavailability, which has made it extremely difficult for studying in vivo pharmacological actions of curcumin...
March 2015: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
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