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miRNA bone

Li Ju, Zhiwen Zhou, Bo Jiang, Yue Lou, Zhiqun Zhang
Polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) exposure increases the incidence and severity of skeletal diseases, but little is known about the mechanisms that mediate this relationship. We exposed zebrafish embryos to PCB1254 and assessed the changes in bone morphology protein receptor II (BMPRII), which is involved in bone formation and embryonic development, miRNA-21, for which BMPRII is a known target, and calcium metabolism. PCB1254 upregulated the expression of miR-21 and suppressed BMPRII expression. The inhibition of miR-21 reversed the downregulation of BMPRII and alleviated the PCB1254-induced loss of calcium...
October 19, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Xiang Wang, Dongjian Zuo, Yufang Yuan, Xiaochun Yang, Ze Hong, Rongrong Zhang
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate roles of microRNA (miR)-183 in pediatric acute myeloid leukemia (AML). METHODS: miR-183 expression in bone marrow and patients' sera of childhood AML was detected by real-time quantitative PCR. Functions of miR-183 in malignant phenotypes of two leukemia cell lines were then evaluated. Additionally, putative targets of miR-183 were predicted using three miRNA target prediction algorithms and validated by luciferase reporter assay...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Hanna Taipaleenmäki, Nicholas H Farina, Andre J van Wijnen, Janet L Stein, Eric Hesse, Gary S Stein, Jane B Lian
Wnt signaling is implicated in bone formation and activated in breast cancer cells promoting primary and metastatic tumor growth. A compelling question is whether osteogenic miRNAs that increase Wnt activity for bone formation are aberrantly expressed in breast tumor cells to support metastatic bone disease. Here we report that miR-218-5p is highly expressed in bone metastases from breast cancer patients, but is not detected in normal mammary epithelial cells. Furthermore, inhibition of miR-218-5p impaired the growth of bone metastatic MDA-MB-231 cells in the bone microenvironment in vivo...
October 12, 2016: Oncotarget
Zofia Litwińska, Bogusław Machaliński
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a myeloproliferative disorder associated with clonal expansion of cancerous bone marrow stem cells. Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) targeting Bcr-Abl oncoprotein are the first-line therapy for most CML patients, however, some are unresponsive to it or develop resistance. Recently, microRNAs (miRNAs) have been implicated in the progression of CML and the development of TKI resistance based on their important regulatory function in cell homeostasis. MicroRNAs are small noncoding RNAs that post-transcriptionally regulate gene expression...
October 13, 2016: Leukemia & Lymphoma
H-L Fu, H-X Pan, B Zhao, B-C Dong, L Shao, G-S Fu, Q Wang, M Li
OBJECTIVE: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) act as key regulators of diverse cellular activities by regulating the expression of protein-coding genes. Osteoblast differentiation, a fundamental step in skeletal development, involves the activation of several signaling pathways, including transforming growth factor β (TGF-β), bone morphogenetic protein (BMP), and Wnt signaling pathways. MATERIALS AND METHODS: miRNA expression was measured using TaqManRT-PCR. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression of Smad1...
September 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Haojie Wu, Weihua Li, Minghui Zhang, Shutao Zhu, Dengfeng Zhang, Xiao Wang
OBJECTIVES: Osteosarcoma (OsC) is the most common primary bone malignant tumor with lower incidence and high degree of malignancy, but the exact mechanism remains unknown. More evidence demonstrated microRNAs (miRNAs) could contribute to tumor progression. In this study, we investigated the expression and functions of miR-320 in OsC cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: miR-320 expression levels in several human OsC cell lines and human normal osteoblastic cell line were tested by quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR)...
October 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
Angelica Macauda, Diego Calvetti, Giuseppe Maccari, Kari Hemminki, Asta Försti, Hartmut Goldschmidt, Niels Weinhold, Richard Houlston, Vibeke Andersen, Ulla Vogel, Gabriele Buda, Judit Varkonyi, Anna Sureda, Joaquin Martinez Lopez, Marzena Watek, Aleksandra Butrym, Maria Eugenia Sarasquete, Marek Dudziński, Artur Jurczyszyn, Agnieszka Druzd-Sitek, Marcin Kruszewski, Edyta Subocz, Mario Petrini, Elzbieta Iskierka-Jażdżewska, Malgorzata Raźny, Gergely Szombath, Herlander Marques, Daria Zawirska, Dominik Chraniuk, Janusz Halka, Svend Erik Hove Jacobsen, Grzegorz Mazur, Ramón García Sanz, Charles Dumontet, Victor Moreno, Anna Stępień, Katia Beider, Matteo Pelosini, Rui Manuel Reis, Malgorzata Krawczyk-Kulis, Marcin Rymko, Hervé Avet-Loiseau, Fabienne Lesueur, Norbert Grząśko, Olga Ostrovsky, Krzysztof Jamroziak, Annette J Vangsted, Andrés Jerez, Waldemar Tomczak, Jan Maciej Zaucha, Katalin Kadar, Juan Sainz Pérez, Arnon Nagler, Stefano Landi, Federica Gemignani, Federico Canzian
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a malignancy of plasma cells usually infiltrating the bone marrow, associated with the production of a monoclonal immunoglobulin (M protein) which can be detected in the blood and/or urine. Multiple lines of evidence suggest that genetic factors are involved in MM pathogenesis, and several studies have identified single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with the susceptibility to the disease. SNPs within miRNA-binding sites in target genes (miRSNPs) may alter the strength of miRNA-mRNA interactions, thus deregulating protein expression...
October 8, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Parvin Abraham, Tessy Thomas Maliekal
Research of the past two decades has proved the relevance of single cell biology in basic research and translational medicine. Successful detection and isolation of specific subsets is the key to understand their functional heterogeneity. Antibodies are conventionally used for this purpose, but their relevance in certain contexts is limited. In this review, we discuss some of these contexts, posing bottle neck for different fields of biology including biomedical research. With the advancement of chemistry, several methods have been introduced to overcome these problems...
October 6, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
Atsushi Kiba, Kouji Banno, Megumi Yanokura, Mari Asada, Yusuke Nakayama, Daisuke Aoki, Tatsuya Watanabe
AIM: Micro ribonucleic acids (miRNAs) play an important pathological role in endometriosis. Leuprolide acetate, an analog of gonadotropin-releasing hormone, is widely used to treat endometriosis; however, the molecular mechanisms involved in endometriotic tissue regression remain unclear. We performed miRNA expression profiling of clinical ovarian endometrioma to obtain insight into the effects of leuprolide acetate treatment. METHODS: We obtained clinical samples from nine normal eutopic endometrium, eight ovarian endometriotic, and 12 leuprolide acetate-treated endometriotic tissues...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
X H Zhang, G L Geng, B Su, C P Liang, F Wang, J C Bao
The differentiation deficiencies of osteoclast precursors (pre-OCs) may contribute to osteoporosis. Research on osteoporosis has recently focused on microRNAs (miRNAs) that play crucial roles in pre-OC differentiation. In the current study, we aimed to analyze the expression and function of the glucocorticoid (GC)-associated miRNA-338-3p (miR-338-3p) in osteoclast formation. We found that dexamethasone induced osteoclast differentiation and inhibited miR-338-3p expression. Overexpression of an miR-338-3p mimic in osteoclast precursor cells attenuated GC-induced osteoclast formation and bone resorption, whereas inhibition of miR-338-3p reversed these effects...
August 26, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Siobhan V Glavey, Salomon Manier, Antonio Sacco, Karma Salem, Yawara Kawano, Juliette Bouyssou, Irene M Ghobrial, Aldo M Roccaro
Multiple myeloma is characterized by clonal proliferation of plasma cells within the bone marrow resulting in anemia, lytic bone lesions, hypercalcemia, and renal impairment. Despite advanced in our understanding of this complex disease in recent years, it is still considered an incurable malignancy. This is, in part, due to the highly heterogenous genomic and phenotypic nature of the disease, which is to date incompletely understood. It is clear that a deeper level of knowledge of the biological events underlying the development of these diseases is needed to identify new targets and generate effective novel therapies...
2016: Cancer Treatment and Research
Dasaradha Jalapothu, Margherita Boieri, Rachel E Crossland, Pranali Shah, Isha A Butt, Jean Norden, Ralf Dressel, Anne M Dickinson, Marit Inngjerdingen
MicroRNAs (miRNA) have emerged as central regulators of diverse biological processes and contribute to driving pathology in several diseases. Acute graft-versus-host disease (aGvHD) represents a major complication after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, caused by alloreactive donor T cells attacking host tissues leading to inflammation and tissue destruction. Changes in miRNA expression patterns occur during aGvHD, and we hypothesized that we could identify miRNA signatures in target tissues of aGvHD that may potentially help understand the underlying molecular pathology of the disease...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
Jaderson C DaCosta, Mirna W Portuguez, Daniel R Marinowic, Lucas P Schilling, Carolina M Torres, Danielle I DaCosta, Maria Júlia M Carrion, Eduardo F Raupp, Denise C Machado, Ricardo B Soder, Silvia L Lardi, Bernardo Garicochea
Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is a highly prevalent syndrome among people with epilepsy, and is usually refractory to drug treatment. Structural and physiological changes, such as hippocampal sclerosis, are often present in TLE patients. The objective of this study is to evaluate the feasibility and safety of intra-arterial infusion of autologous bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMC) in adults with medically refractory mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) and unilateral hippocampal sclerosis (MTLE-HS). We enrolled 20 patients that had been diagnosed with MTLE-HS and refractory to medical treatment...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Zhida Zhang, Hui Ren, Gengyang Shen, Ting Qiu, De Liang, Zhidong Yang, Zhensong Yao, Jingjing Tang, Xiaobing Jiang, Qiushi Wei
Glucocorticoid-induced postmenopausal osteoporosis is a severe osteoporosis, with high risk of major osteoporotic fractures. This severe osteoporosis urges more extensive and deeper basic study, in which suitable animal models are indispensable. However, no relevant review is available introducing this model systematically. Based on the recent studies on GI-PMOP, this brief review introduces the GI-PMOP animal model in terms of its establishment, evaluation of bone mass and discuss its molecular mechanism. Rat, rabbit and sheep with their respective merits were chosen...
September 26, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Yukiko Maeda, Nicholas H Farina, Melissa M Matzelle, Paul J Fanning, Jane B Lian, Ellen M Gravallese
Articular bone erosion in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is mediated by the interaction between inflammation and pathways regulating bone metabolism. Inflammation promotes osteoclastogenesis and also inhibits osteoblast function, further contributing to the persistence of erosions. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are important regulators of skeletal remodeling and play a role in RA pathogenesis. We therefore determined the expression of miRNAs in inflamed synovial tissue and the role they play in pathways regulating osteoblast and osteoclast function...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
Zhen-Song Jiang, Zhen-Hai Hao
Polymorphisms located in microRNA (miRNA) binding sites may interfere with the interaction between miRNAs and mRNAs, and thereby alter the expression of genes. The current study aimed to investigate the association between an insertion/deletion (INS/DEL) polymorphism in the 3'‑untranslated region (3'‑UTR) of COL1A2 and the risk of developing osteoporosis. In the present study, COL1A2 was identified as a target gene of let‑7g in osteoblast cells obtained from patients, using a luciferase reporter system...
September 21, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Kohei Hosokawa, Sachiko Kajigaya, Xingmin Feng, Marie J Desierto, Maria Del Pilar Fernandez Ibanez, Olga Rios, Barbara Weinstein, Phillip Scheinberg, Danielle M Townsley, Neal S Young
Aplastic anemia is an acquired bone marrow disease characterized by marrow hypoplasia, a paucity of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells, and pancytopenia of the peripheral blood, due to immune attack on the bone marrow. In aplastic anemia, a major challenge is to develop immune biomarkers to monitor the disease. We analyzed circulating miRNAs in plasma samples of aplastic anemia patients in order to identify disease-specific miRNAs. A total of 179 miRNAs were analyzed in 35 plasma samples from 13 aplastic anemia, 11 myelodysplastic syndrome, and 11 healthy controls using the Serum/Plasma Focus microRNA PCR Panel...
September 22, 2016: Haematologica
Yue Guo, Chen-Yi Tang, Xiao-Fei Man, Hao-Neng Tang, Jun Tang, Fang Wang, Ci-La Zhou, Shu-Wen Tan, Yun-Zhi Feng, Hou-De Zhou
Insulin promotes bone formation via a well-studied canonical signaling pathway. An adapter in this pathway, insulin-receptor substrate (IRS)-1, has been implicated in the diabetic osteopathy provoked by impaired insulin signaling. To further investigate IRS-1's role in the bone metabolism, we generated Irs-1-deficient mice (Irs-1(smla/smla)). These null mice developed a spontaneous mutation that led to an increase in trabecular thickness (Tb.Th) in 12-mo-old, but not in 2-mo-old mice. Analyses of the bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) from these mice revealed their differential expression of osteogenesis-related genes and miRNAs...
September 13, 2016: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Edith Schneider, Anna Staffas, Linda Röhner, Kathrin Krowiorz, Michael Heuser, Konstanze Döhner, Lars Bullinger, Hartmut Döhner, Linda Fogelstrand, Arefeh Rouhi, Florian Kuchenbauer, Lars Palmqvist
MicroRNA-155 (miR-155) is an oncogenic miRNA upregulated in various tumor types and leukemias and has been suggested as a potential drug target. Based on our previous work detecting high miR-155 levels in response to Meis1 overexpression in a murine Hox leukemia model, we show here the relationship among HOXA9, MEIS1, and miR-155 levels in MLL-translocated acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients. Using mouse bone marrow cells transformed by MLL-fusion genes expressing graduated levels of Meis1, we show a positive correlation between miR-155 and Meis1...
September 13, 2016: Experimental Hematology
M Gong, S Antony, R Sakurai, J Liu, M Iacovino, V K Rehan
OBJECTIVE: Although intrauterine nutritional stress is known to result in offspring obesity and metabolic phenotype, the underlying cellular/molecular mechanisms remain incompletely understood. We tested the hypothesis that compared to the controls, the bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) of the intrauterine growth restricted (IUGR) offspring exhibit to a more adipogenic phenotype. METHODS: A well-established rat model of maternal food restriction (MFR), i...
September 7, 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
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