keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Policy strategy operations

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032618/scaling-up-interventions-to-improve-infant-and-young-child-feeding-in-india-what-will-it-take
#1
Rasmi Avula, Vanessa M Oddo, Suneetha Kadiyala, Purnima Menon
We assessed India's readiness to deliver infant and young child feeding (IYCF) interventions by examining elements related to policy, implementation, financing, and evidence. We based our analysis on review of (a) nutrition policy guidance and program platforms, (b) published literature on interventions to improve IYCF in India, and (c) IYCF program models implemented between 2007 and 2012. We find that Indian policies are well aligned with global technical guidance on counselling interventions. However, guidelines for complementary food supplements (CFS) need to be reexamined...
October 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030412/strategies-for-developing-sustainable-health-research-capacity-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-prospective-qualitative-study-investigating-the-barriers-and-enablers-to-locally-led-clinical-trial-conduct-in-ethiopia-cameroon-and-sri-lanka
#2
Samuel R P Franzen, Clare Chandler, Sisira Siribaddana, Julius Atashili, Brian Angus, Trudie Lang
OBJECTIVES: In 2013, the WHO stated that unless low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs) become producers of research, health goals would be hard to achieve. Among the capacities required to build a local evidence base, ability to conduct clinical trials is important. There is no evidence-based guidance for the best ways to develop locally led trial capacity. This research aims to identify the barriers and enablers to locally led clinical trial conduct in LMICs and determine strategies for their sustainable development...
October 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025446/inefficient-procurement-processes-undermine-access-to-medicines-in-the-western-cape-province-of-south-africa
#3
Bvudzai P Magadzire, Kim Ward, Henry M J Leng, David Sanders
BACKGROUND: South Africa (SA) has experienced several stock-outs of life-saving medicines for the treatment of major chronic infectious and non-communicable diseases in the public sector. OBJECTIVE: To identify the causes of stock-outs and to illustrate how they undermine access to medicines (ATM) in the Western Cape Province, SA. METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted with a sample of over 70 key informants (frontline health workers, sub-structure and provincial health service managers)...
June 30, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993391/evaluating-a-novel-integrated-community-of-care-icoc-for-patients-from-an-urbanised-low-income-community-in-singapore-using-the-participatory-action-research-par-methodology-a-study-protocol
#4
Lian Leng Low, Adlina Maulod, Kheng Hock Lee
INTRODUCTION: Poorer health outcomes and disproportionate healthcare use in socioeconomically disadvantaged patients is well established. However, there is sparse literature on effective integrated care interventions that specifically target these high-risk individuals. The Integrated Community of Care (ICoC) is a novel care model that integrates hospital-based transitional care with health and social care in the community for high-risk individuals living in socially deprived communities...
October 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990747/paying-for-prescription-drugs-around-the-world-why-is-the-u-s-an-outlier
#5
Dana O Sarnak, David Squires, Greg Kuzmak, Shawn Bishop
Issue: Compared with other high-income countries, the United States spends the most per capita on prescription drugs. Goal: To compare drug spending levels and trends in the U.S. and nine other high-income countries — Australia, Canada, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom; consider potential explanations for higher U.S. spending; and explore patients’ exposure to pharmaceutical costs. Method: Analysis of health data from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the 2016 Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey, and other sources...
October 2017: Issue Brief of the Commonwealth Fund
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987265/performance-and-sleepiness-in-nurses-working-12-h-day-shifts-or-night-shifts-in-a-community-hospital
#6
Marian Wilson, Regan Permito, Ashley English, Sandra Albritton, Carlana Coogle, Hans P A Van Dongen
Hospitals are around-the-clock operations and nurses are required to care for patients night and day. The nursing shortage and desire for a more balanced work-to-home life has popularized 12-h shifts for nurses. The present study investigated sleep/wake cycles and fatigue levels in 22 nurses working 12-h shifts, comparing day versus night shifts. Nurses (11day shift and 11 night shift) were recruited from a suburban acute-care medical center. Participants wore a wrist activity monitor and kept a diary to track their sleep/wake cycles for 2 weeks...
October 5, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981737/management-strategies-to-minimize-mortality-in-liver-resection-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#7
Shintaro Yamazaki, Tadatoshi Takayama
The precise assessment of both tumor factor and the liver function is of a crucial value the surgical treatment with the greatest guarantee of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), as the balance between the operative procedure and the remnant liver function is the most important concern in patients with chronic liver disease. The mortality rate in liver resection has decreased significantly worldwide, according to various surgical criteria for liver resection. Among countries where HCC is prevalent Japan is a leading country in doing liver resection...
October 1, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970679/dedicated-donor-unit-transfusions-reduces-donor-exposure-in-pediatric-surgery-patients
#8
Satyam Arora, Neelam Marwaha, Hari Krishan Dhawan, K L N Rao
BACKGROUND: Many strategies have been explored to reduce multiple donor exposures in neonates such as use of restrictive transfusion protocols, limiting iatrogenic blood loss, use of recombinant erythropoietin and single donor programs. METHOD: In our study we assessed the feasibility of dedicating single donor units with reserving all the components from the same donor for the specified neonates/infants undergoing surgery and estimating reduction of donor exposure...
July 2017: Asian Journal of Transfusion Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970654/the-association-of-psychological-empowerment-and-job-burnout-in-operational-staff-of-tehran-emergency-center
#9
Aram Ghaniyoun, Khosro Shakeri, Mohammad Heidari
BACKGROUND: Workers in social service professions are the first candidates for job burnout. The researchers believe this is due to daily exposure to stressful situations and lack of positive conditions in the workplace. It seems that psychological empowerment of staff can affect their job burnout. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between psychological empowerment and job burnout in operational staff of emergency center. METHODS: This was a descriptive correlational study...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959161/magnetic-resonance-imaging-evaluation-in-neoadjuvant-therapy-of-locally-advanced-rectal-cancer-a-systematic-review
#10
Roberta Fusco, Mario Petrillo, Vincenza Granata, Salvatore Filice, Mario Sansone, Orlando Catalano, Antonella Petrillo
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to present an update concerning several imaging modalities in diagnosis, staging and pre-surgery treatment response assessment in locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC). Modalities include: traditional morphological magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), functional MRI such as dynamic contrast enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) and diffusion weighted imaging (DWI). A systematic review about the diagnostic accuracy in neoadjuvant therapy response assessment of MRI, DCE-MRI, DWI and Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography (PET/CT) has been also reported...
September 2017: Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931880/us-power-production-at-risk-from-water-stress-in-a-changing-climate
#11
Poulomi Ganguli, Devashish Kumar, Auroop R Ganguly
Thermoelectric power production in the United States primarily relies on wet-cooled plants, which in turn require water below prescribed design temperatures, both for cooling and operational efficiency. Thus, power production in US remains particularly vulnerable to water scarcity and rising stream temperatures under climate change and variability. Previous studies on the climate-water-energy nexus have primarily focused on mid- to end-century horizons and have not considered the full range of uncertainty in climate projections...
September 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928321/opening-gambit-strategic-options-to-initiate-the-tobacco-endgame
#12
Pranay Lal, Rana J Singh, Ashish Kumar Pandey
Endgame strategies to rapidly hasten the decline of tobacco are already well within reach; a few plausible policy options are outlined herein for policy practitioners, tobacco control advocates, and public health specialists. The implementation of these measures which already exist within the gamut of existing legislation requires the galvanization of political will. The options we essay include liquidating existing public investments in tobacco, holding tobacco companies accountable within the jurisdictions of their operations, fixing liability for injury and the imposition of realistic costs on insurance providers...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924002/variations-in-infant-and-childhood-vitamin-d-supplementation-programs-across-europe-and-factors-influencing-adherence
#13
Suma Uday, Ardita Kongjonaj, Magda Aguiar, Ted Tulchinsky, Wolfgang Hoegler
BACKGROUND: Nutritional rickets is a growing global public health concern despite existing prevention programs and health policies. We aimed to compare infant and childhood vitamin D supplementation policies, implementation strategies and practices across Europe and explore factors influencing adherence. METHODS: European Society for Paediatric Endocrinology Bone and Growth Plate Working Group members and other specialists completed a questionnaire on country-specific vitamin D supplementation policy and child healthcare programs, socioeconomic factors, policy implementation strategies, and adherence...
September 18, 2017: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914122/improving-health-in-prisons-from-evidence-to-policy-to-implementation-experiences-from-the-uk
#14
Jane Leaman, Anna Amelia Richards, Lynn Emslie, Eamonn Joseph O'Moore
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to understand the components of a high-quality prison healthcare system and the impact, ten-years on, of the transfer of accountability in England, from a justice ministry to a health ministry. Design/methodology/approach A rapid the evidence review was undertaken, which included a review of 82 papers and qualitative interviews with key informants. The concepts and themes identified were summarised and analysed through a framework analysis, designed to improve population outcomes and address health inequalities...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844208/health-policy-and-systems-research-collaboration-pathways-lessons-from-a-network-science-analysis
#15
Krista M English, Babak Pourbohloul
BACKGROUND: The 2004 Mexico Declaration, and subsequent World Health Assembly resolutions, proposed a concerted support for the global development of health policy and systems research (HPSR). This included coordination across partners and advocates for the field of HPSR to monitor the development of the field, while promoting decision-making power and implementing responsibilities in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). METHODS: We used a network science approach to examine the structural properties of the HPSR co-authorship network across country economic groups in the PubMed citation database from 1990 to 2015...
August 28, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838187/experiences-and-lessons-from-polio-eradication-applied-to-immunization-in-10-focus-countries-of-the-polio-endgame-strategic-plan
#16
Maya M V X van den Ent, Apoorva Mallya, Hardeep Sandhu, Blanche-Philomene Anya, Nasir Yusuf, Marcelline Ntakibirora, Andreas Hasman, Kamal Fahmy, John Agbor, Melissa Corkum, Kyandindi Sumaili, Anisur Rahman Siddique, Jane Bammeke, Fiona Braka, Rija Andriamihantanirina, Antoine-Marie C Ziao, Clement Djumo, Moise Desire Yapi, Stephen Sosler, Rudolf Eggers
Nine polio areas of expertise were applied to broader immunization and mother, newborn and child health goals in ten focus countries of the Polio Eradication Endgame Strategic Plan: policy & strategy development, planning, management and oversight (accountability framework), implementation & service delivery, monitoring, communications & community engagement, disease surveillance & data analysis, technical quality & capacity building, and partnerships. Although coverage improvements depend on multiple factors and increased coverage cannot be attributed to the use of polio assets alone, 6 out of the 10 focus countries improved coverage in three doses of diphtheria tetanus pertussis containing vaccine between 2013 and 2015...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835273/meausures-of-organizational-characteristics-associated-with-adoption-and-or-implementation-of-innovations-a-systematic-review
#17
Jennifer D Allen, Samuel D Towne, Annette E Maxwell, Lisa DiMartino, Bryan Leyva, Deborah J Bowen, Laura Linnan, Bryan J Weiner
BACKGROUND: This paper identifies and describes measures of constructs relevant to the adoption or implementation of innovations (i.e., new policies, programs or practices) at the organizational-level. This work is intended to advance the field of dissemination and implementation research by aiding scientists in the identification of existing measures and highlighting methodological issues that require additional attention. METHODS: We searched for published studies (1973-2013) in 11 bibliographic databases for quantitative, empirical studies that presented outcome data related to adoption and/or implementation of an innovation...
August 23, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826652/orthopaedic-injuries-among-electric-bicycle-users
#18
Shay Tenenbaum, Daniel Weltsch, Jason T Bariteau, Adi Givon, Kobi Peleg, Ran Thein
INTRODUCTION: The use of electric bicycles (E-bike) has dramatically increased. E-bikes offer convenient, environmental-friendly, and less expensive alternative to other forms of transport. However, E-bikes provide a new public health challenge in terms of safety and injury prevention. This study is the first to specifically investigate the E-bike related orthopaedic injuries, based on a national trauma registry. METHODS: Data from a National Trauma Registry were reviewed for patients hospitalized following E-bike related injuries...
August 11, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815869/permissible-emission-limit-estimation-via-iterative-back-calculation-case-of-assaluyeh-energy-zone-southern-iran
#19
Hossein Khajehpour, Yadollah Saboohi, George Tsatsaronis
In this research work, an environmental policy procedure for setting a cap on emissions, as a crucial step in any total emission control system, has been provided and evaluated. It is shown that general regulations on emission intensities and rates do not guarantee that ambient air quality standards are met in intense industrial zones. Local emission limits are necessary to meet ambient air quality standards in these zones. To that end, we used dispersion simulators to back-calculate pollutant concentration thresholds for a large and intense energy system in the Assaluyeh region of southern Iran...
August 16, 2017: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799050/environmental-building-policy-by-the-use-of-microalgae-and-decreasing-of-risks-for-canadian-oil-sand-sector-development
#20
Armen B Avagyan
Environmental building recommendations aimed towards new environmental policies and management-changing decisions which as example demonstrated in consideration of the problems of Canadian oil sands operators. For the implementation of the circular economic strategy, we use an in-depth analysis of reported environmental after-consequence on all stages of the production process. The study addressed the promotion of innovative solutions for greenhouse gas emission, waste mitigation, and risk of falling in oil prices for operators of oil sands with creating market opportunities...
August 10, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
keyword
keyword
40135
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"