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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538793/-evaluability-of-the-health-gym-program-in-recife-pernambuco-state-brazil
#1
Rafaela Niels da Silva, Flávio Renato Barros da Guarda, Pedro Curi Hallal, Petrônio José de Lima Martelli
Implementation of the Health Gym Program is one of the key strategies in the Brazilian National Health Promotion Policy, but thus far no evaluability studies have been performed on this intervention in Recife, Pernambuco State, one of the first cities in the country to implement this intervention. This study aimed to measure the evaluability of the Health Gym Program in the city of Recife, based on the description of the intervention and the elaboration of its log frame model and theoretical models for evaluation, in addition to identifying evaluative questions...
May 18, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530047/what-is-it-going-to-take-to-move-youth-related-hiv-programme-policies-into-practice-in-africa
#2
Daniella Mark, Lina Taing, Lucie Cluver, Chris Collins, Kate Iorpenda, Catarina Andrade, Luann Hatane
INTRODUCTION: HIV has been reported to be the leading cause of mortality amongst adolescents in Africa. This has brought attention to the changes in service provision and health management that many adolescents living with HIV experience when transferring from specialized paediatric- or adolescent-focused services to adult care. When transition is enacted poorly, adherence may be affected and the continuum of care disrupted. As the population of HIV-infected adolescents grows, effective and supported transition increases in significance as an operational imperative...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516407/components-of-sustainability-considerations-in-management-of-petrochemical-industries
#3
Amir Aryanasl, Jamal Ghodousi, Reza Arjmandi, Nabiollah Mansouri
Sustainability comprises three pillars of social, environmental, and economic aspects. Petrochemical industry has a great inter-related complex impact on social and economic development of societies and adverse impact on almost all environmental aspects and resource depletion in many countries, which make sustainability a crucial issue for petrochemical industries. This study was conducted to propose components of sustainability considerations in management of petrochemical industries.A combination of exploratory study-to prepare a preliminary list of components of sustainable business in petrochemical industries based on review of literature and Delphi-to obtain experts' view on this preliminary list and provide a detailed list of components and sub-components that should be addressed to bring sustainability to petrochemical industries, were used...
June 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509896/inferring-personal-economic-status-from-social-network-location
#4
Shaojun Luo, Flaviano Morone, Carlos Sarraute, Matías Travizano, Hernán A Makse
It is commonly believed that patterns of social ties affect individuals' economic status. Here we translate this concept into an operational definition at the network level, which allows us to infer the economic well-being of individuals through a measure of their location and influence in the social network. We analyse two large-scale sources: telecommunications and financial data of a whole country's population. Our results show that an individual's location, measured as the optimal collective influence to the structural integrity of the social network, is highly correlated with personal economic status...
May 16, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483807/closing-kynect-and-restructuring-medicaid-threaten-kentucky-s-health-and-economy
#5
Charles B Wright, Nathan L Vanderford
Following passage of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) in the United States, the Kentucky Health Benefit Exchange, Kynect, began operating in Kentucky in October 2013. Kentucky expanded Medicaid eligibility in January 2014. Together, Kynect and Medicaid expansion provided access to affordable health care coverage to hundreds of thousands of individuals in Kentucky. However, following the Kentucky gubernatorial election in 2015, the newly inaugurated governor moved to dismantle Kynect and restructure the Medicaid expansion, jeopardizing public health gains and the state economy...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482955/an-overview-of-tuberculosis-and-migration
#6
P Dhavan, H M Dias, J Creswell, D Weil
With nearly one billion migrants worldwide, migration is both a dynamic and a divisive phenomenon facing the world today. Migrants are a heterogeneous group, and the conditions surrounding migration pathways often pose risks to the physical, mental and social well-being of migrants, with certain subgroups being more vulnerable than others. Several determinants of health and tuberculosis (TB) interplay to increase the vulnerability of migrants to tuberculous infection, TB disease and poor treatment outcomes, making them a key population for TB...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474585/introduction-of-new-vaccines-in-state-immunization-schedule-delhi-s-experience
#7
Amita Raoot, Dharmendra Kumar Dewan, A P Dubey, Suresh Seth
Immunization is an established, cost-effective, preventive intervention to improve child survival. To provide protection against vaccine preventable diseases, all countries in the world have an immunization program that offers selected vaccines to the eligible beneficiaries. In India, Expanded Program of Immunization was started in 1978, and then Universal Immunization Program was launched in 1985 with six antigens. This article describes the experience with institutionalization of four state-specific vaccines by Delhi in its immunization schedule to enlarge the ambit of immunization services...
April 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472097/inventory-transportation-integrated-optimization-for-maintenance-spare-parts-of-high-speed-trains
#8
Boliang Lin, Jiaxi Wang, Huasheng Wang, Zhongkai Wang, Jian Li, Ruixi Lin, Jie Xiao, Jianping Wu
This paper presents a 0-1 programming model aimed at obtaining the optimal inventory policy and transportation mode for maintenance spare parts of high-speed trains. To obtain the model parameters for occasionally-replaced spare parts, a demand estimation method based on the maintenance strategies of China's high-speed railway system is proposed. In addition, we analyse the shortage time using PERT, and then calculate the unit time shortage cost from the viewpoint of train operation revenue. Finally, a real-world case study from Shanghai Depot is conducted to demonstrate our method...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464114/management-practices-associated-with-stress-in-cattle-on-western-canadian-cow-calf-operations-a-mixed-methods-study
#9
M A Moggy, E A Pajor, W E Thurston, S Parker, A M Greter, K S Schwartzkopf-Genswein, J R Campbell, M C Windeyer
Handling, weaning, and euthanasia are some of the most stressful practices performed on cow-calf operations. Although strategies to minimize stress exist, their use on western Canadian cow-calf operations is unknown. The objectives were to describe current stress-associated practices on western Canadian cow-calf operations, describe producer and operation demographics associated with the use of nonabrupt weaning methods, and explore producer perceptions toward these practices. A questionnaire focusing on stressful management practices was delivered to 109 cow-calf producers in western Canada...
April 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461443/recomposing-consumption-defining-necessities-for-sustainable-and-equitable-well-being
#10
Ian Gough
This paper focuses on consumption in the affluent world and the resulting level, composition and distribution of consumption-based emissions. It argues that public policy should foster the recomposition of consumption, while not disadvantaging poorer groups in the population. To combine these two imperatives entails making a distinction between goods and services that are necessary for a basic level of well-being, and those that are surplus to this requirement. The argument proceeds in six stages. First, the paper outlines a theory of universal need, as an alternative conception of well-being to consumer preference satisfaction...
June 13, 2017: Philosophical Transactions. Series A, Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439990/explaining-the-declining-rates-of-past-year-cannabis-use-in-australia-a-first-pass
#11
Alison Ritter, Oluwadamisola Sotade
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Cannabis use rates in Australia have declined since 2001. No research to date has examined possible reasons, despite evident policy interest in understanding such a positive public health outcome. In a 'first pass' examination, five possible reasons are explored: (i) attitudinal shifts regarding the acceptability of cannabis use; (ii) regulatory or policy changes; (iii) supply/market changes; (iv) changes in other drug use that may operate as substitutes or complements to cannabis; and (v) socio-cultural factors...
April 24, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438919/ecosystem-change-and-human-health-implementation-economics-and-policy
#12
REVIEW
S K Pattanayak, R A Kramer, J R Vincent
Several recent initiatives such as Planetary Health, EcoHealth and One Health claim that human health depends on flourishing natural ecosystems. However, little has been said about the operational and implementation challenges of health-oriented conservation actions on the ground. We contend that ecological-epidemiological research must be complemented by a form of implementation science that examines: (i) the links between specific conservation actions and the resulting ecological changes, and (ii) how this ecological change impacts human health and well-being, when human behaviours are considered...
June 5, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438287/close-surgical-margin-after-conservative-parotidectomy-in-early-stage-low-intermediate-grade-parotid-carcinoma-outcome-of-watch-and-wait-policy
#13
Dominik Stodulski, Bogusław Mikaszewski, Hanna Majewska, Piotr Wiśniewski, Czesław Stankiewicz
AIM: The aim of the study was to assess the watch&wait strategy for management of patients with close surgical margin after conservative parotidectomy due to early low/intermediate grade parotid carcinoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Out of 78 patients operated on due to primary parotid gland cancer we selected 32 patients with a history of parotidectomy, and preservation of 7th nerve, with negative (≥1mm), but close (≤5mm) surgical margin and who did not receive supplementary radiotherapy due to other indications...
May 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425132/early-post-operative-management-after-lung-transplantation-results-of-an-international-survey
#14
Christopher S King, Vincent Valentine, Ashok Cattamanchi, Domingo Franco-Palacios, Oksana A Shlobin, A Whitney Brown, Ramesh Singh, Linda Bogar, Steven D Nathan
INTRODUCTION: Little data exists regarding optimal therapeutic strategies post-operatively after lung transplant (LTx). Current practice patterns rely on expert opinion and institutional experience resulting in non-uniform post-operative care. To better define current practice patterns, an international survey of LTx clinicians was conducted. METHODS: A 30-question survey was sent to transplant clinicians via email to the ISHLT open forum mailing list and directly to the chief transplant surgeon and pulmonologist of all LTx centers in the United States...
April 20, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403878/rescue-strategy-for-advanced-liver-malignancy-with-retrohepatic-inferior-vena-cava-thrombi-experience-to-promote-surgical-oncological-benefit
#15
Meng-Hsing Ho, Teng-Wei Chen, Kuang-Wen Ou, Jyh-Cherng Yu, Chung-Bao Hsieh
BACKGROUND: The prognosis of advanced liver malignancy with inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombi is poor. Many therapeutic policies are challenging for long-term prognosis. We performed the modified effective technique of transdiaphragmatic intrapericardial IVC isolation for curative resection of IVC tumors and prolonged survival time. METHODS: Between 2003 and 2015, 10 patients, sustained liver malignancy with IVC thrombi, underwent surgical intervention. Liver resection with thrombectomy under total hepatic vascular exclusion via the transdiaphragmatic intrapericardial IVC isolation method was performed for these 10 patients...
April 12, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399923/making-good-on-a-call-to-expand-method-choice-for-young-people-turning-rhetoric-into-reality-for-addressing-sustainable-development-goal-three
#16
Fariyal Fatma Fikree, Catharine Lane, Callie Simon, Gwyn Hainsworth, Patricia MacDonald
BACKGROUND: Investments in the nearly two billion young people, aged 10-24 years, in the world today are necessary to meet global development commitments, specifically the Sustainable Development Goals and Ending Preventable Child and Maternal Deaths. More than 12 million married and unmarried adolescents (aged 15-19) will give birth in 2016. Complications of pregnancy and childbirth are the second leading cause of death among 15-19 year-old women and early childbearing can significantly curtail social and economic prospects for young women...
April 11, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397322/scotland-s-national-naloxone-program-the-prison-experience
#17
Kirsten Horsburgh, Andrew McAuley
Launched in 2011, the Scottish national naloxone program marked an important development in public health policy. Central to its design were strategies to engage prisoners given their elevated risk of drug-related death in the weeks following liberation. Implementation across Scottish prisons has posed particular challenges linked to both operational issues within prison establishments and individual factors affecting staff delivering, and prisoners engaging, with the program. Barriers have been overcome through innovation and partnership working...
April 10, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392170/translating-tactical-combat-casualty-care-lessons-learned-to-the-high-threat-civilian-setting-tactical-emergency-casualty-care-and-the-hartford-consensus
#18
REVIEW
David W Callaway
Combat operations necessitate bold thought and afford the opportunity to rapidly evolve and improve trauma care. The development and maturation of Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC) is an important example of a critical process improvement strategy that reduced mortality in high-threat combat-related trauma. The Committee for Tactical Emergency Casualty Care (C-TECC) adapted the lessons of TCCC to the civilian high-threat environment and provided important all-hazards response principles for austere, dynamic, and resource-limited environments...
April 6, 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380614/management-practices-associated-with-pain-in-cattle-on-western-canadian-cow-calf-operations-a-mixed-methods-study
#19
M A Moggy, E A Pajor, W E Thurston, S Parker, A M Greter, K S Schwartzkopf-Genswein, J R Campbell, M C Windeyer
The implementation of on-farm pain mitigation strategies is dependent on feasibility and importance to producers. Currently, there is a lack of information regarding adoption of management practices associated with pain in cattle within the Canadian beef industry. The objective of this mixed methods study was to describe pain-associated practices implemented on farm and producer perceptions toward pain mitigation strategies. A questionnaire about calving management and calf processing was delivered to 109 cow-calf producers in western Canada...
February 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376113/risk-prediction-models-for-selection-of-lung-cancer-screening-candidates-a-retrospective-validation-study
#20
Kevin Ten Haaf, Jihyoun Jeon, Martin C Tammemägi, Summer S Han, Chung Yin Kong, Sylvia K Plevritis, Eric J Feuer, Harry J de Koning, Ewout W Steyerberg, Rafael Meza
BACKGROUND: Selection of candidates for lung cancer screening based on individual risk has been proposed as an alternative to criteria based on age and cumulative smoking exposure (pack-years). Nine previously established risk models were assessed for their ability to identify those most likely to develop or die from lung cancer. All models considered age and various aspects of smoking exposure (smoking status, smoking duration, cigarettes per day, pack-years smoked, time since smoking cessation) as risk predictors...
April 2017: PLoS Medicine
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