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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454262/the-influence-of-evaluation-recommendations-on-instrumental-and-conceptual-uses-a-preliminary-analysis
#1
Isabelle Bourgeois, Jane Whynot
Evaluation recommendations are sometimes included in evaluation reports to highlight specific actions to be taken to improve a program or to make other changes to its operational context. This preliminary study sought to examine evaluation recommendations drawn from 25 evaluation reports published by Canadian federal government departments and agencies, in order to examine the evaluation issues covered and the focus of the recommendations. Our results show that in keeping with policy requirements, the evaluation recommendations focused on program relevance, effectiveness and efficiency and economy...
February 10, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444116/field-evaluation-of-the-safety-acceptability-and-feasibility-of-early-infant-male-circumcision-using-the-accucirc-device
#2
Robert C Bailey, Irene Nyaboke, Mary Ellen Mackesy-Amiti, Erick Okello, Valentine Pengo, Betha Ochomo, Mary Emmaculate Auma, Simon Were, Stella Ojuok, Evelyne Adoyo, Mildred Adhiambo, Marisa R Young, Rebeca M Plank, Fredrick O Otieno
BACKGROUND: As countries scale up adult voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) for HIV prevention, they are looking ahead to long term sustainable strategies, including introduction of early infant male circumcision (EIMC). Although a number of devices for EIMC are prequalified by the World Health Organization, evaluation of additional devices can provide policy-makers and clinicians the information required to make informed decisions. We undertook a field evaluation of the safety and acceptability of the AccuCirc device in Kisumu County, Kenya...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426207/towards-sustainable-and-multifunctional-agriculture-in-farmland-landscapes-lessons-from-the-integrative-approach-of-a-french-ltser-platform
#3
Vincent Bretagnolle, Elsa Berthet, Nicolas Gross, Bertrand Gauffre, Christine Plumejeaud, Sylvie Houte, Isabelle Badenhausser, Karine Monceau, Fabrice Allier, Pascal Monestiez, Sabrina Gaba
Agriculture is currently facing unprecedented challenges: ensuring food, fiber and energy production in the face of global change, maintaining the economic performance of farmers and preserving natural resources such as biodiversity and associated key ecosystem services for sustainable agriculture. Addressing these challenges requires innovative landscape scale farming systems that account for changing economic and environmental targets. These novel agricultural systems need to be recognized, accepted and promoted by all stakeholders, including local residents, and supported by public policies...
February 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404881/appointment-scheduling-in-multi-stage-outpatient-clinics
#4
Kenneth J Klassen, Reena Yoogalingam
Healthcare providers can benefit from adding less costly capacity to their existing resources in order to satisfy demand while maintaining the quality of patient care. The addition of mid-level service providers (MLSPs) such as physician assistants or nurse practitioners that carry out portions of patient care provides a viable alternative for adding physician capacity. This research considers the circumstances under which adding an MLSP to a single-physician outpatient office becomes the best strategy for the clinic, and determines how scheduling policies from the widely-researched single-stage environment should be adjusted for a multi-stage environment...
February 5, 2018: Health Care Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398036/what-matters-after-sleeve-gastrectomy-patient-characteristics-or-surgical-technique
#5
Vikrom K Dhar, Dennis J Hanseman, Brad M Watkins, Ian M Paquette, Shimul A Shah, Jonathan R Thompson
BACKGROUND: The impact of operative technique on outcomes in laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy has been explored previously; however, the relative importance of patient characteristics remains unknown. Our aim was to characterize national variability in operative technique for laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy and determine whether patient-specific factors are more critical to predicting outcomes. METHODS: We queried the database of the Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Accreditation and Quality Improvement Program for laparoscopic sleeve gastrostomies performed in 2015 (n = 88,845)...
February 2, 2018: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396879/impacts-of-licensed-premises-trading-hour-policies-on-alcohol-related-harms
#6
Jo-An Atkinson, Ante Prodan, Michael Livingston, Dylan Knowles, Eloise O'Donnell, Robin Room, Devon Indig, Andrew Page, Geoff McDonnell, John Wiggers
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Evaluations of alcohol policy changes demonstrate that restriction of trading hours of both 'on' and 'off' license venues can be an effective means of reducing rates of alcohol-related harm. Despite this, the effects of different trading hour policy options over time, accounting for different contexts and demographic characteristics, and the common co-occurrence of other harm reduction strategies in trading hour policy initiatives are difficult to estimate. The aim of this study was to use dynamic simulation modelling to compare estimated impacts over time of a range of trading hour policy options on various indicators of acute alcohol related harm...
February 3, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395269/global-surveillance-of-trends-in-cancer-survival-2000-14-concord-3-analysis-of-individual-records-for-37%C3%A2-513%C3%A2-025-patients-diagnosed-with-one-of-18-cancers-from-322-population-based-registries-in-71-countries
#7
Claudia Allemani, Tomohiro Matsuda, Veronica Di Carlo, Rhea Harewood, Melissa Matz, Maja Nikšić, Audrey Bonaventure, Mikhail Valkov, Christopher J Johnson, Jacques Estève, Olufemi J Ogunbiyi, Gulnar Azevedo E Silva, Wan-Qing Chen, Sultan Eser, Gerda Engholm, Charles A Stiller, Alain Monnereau, Ryan R Woods, Otto Visser, Gek Hsiang Lim, Joanne Aitken, Hannah K Weir, Michel P Coleman
BACKGROUND: In 2015, the second cycle of the CONCORD programme established global surveillance of cancer survival as a metric of the effectiveness of health systems and to inform global policy on cancer control. CONCORD-3 updates the worldwide surveillance of cancer survival to 2014. METHODS: CONCORD-3 includes individual records for 37·5 million patients diagnosed with cancer during the 15-year period 2000-14. Data were provided by 322 population-based cancer registries in 71 countries and territories, 47 of which provided data with 100% population coverage...
January 30, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393664/the-2018-revision-of-the-isber-best-practices-summary-of-changes-and-the-editorial-team-s-development-process
#8
Lori D Campbell, Jonas J Astrin, Yvonne DeSouza, Judith Giri, Ashokkumar A Patel, Melissa Rawley-Payne, Amanda Rush, Nicole Sieffert
An increased need for specimens of reliable and consistent quality for research purposes requires the development of standardized policies and practices for the collection, handling, storage, retrieval, and distribution of specimens and specimen-related data. Providers of specimen resources should strive to incorporate new technologies and state-of-the-science approaches and thus ensure the availability of fit-for-purpose research specimens. Strategies to achieve quality outcomes and performance improvements often include adherence to established standards and implementation of best practices...
February 2, 2018: Biopreservation and Biobanking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385151/examination-of-china-s-performance-and-thematic-evolution-in-quantum-cryptography-research-using-quantitative-and-computational-techniques
#9
Nicholas V Olijnyk
This study performed two phases of analysis to shed light on the performance and thematic evolution of China's quantum cryptography (QC) research. First, large-scale research publication metadata derived from QC research published from 2001-2017 was used to examine the research performance of China relative to that of global peers using established quantitative and qualitative measures. Second, this study identified the thematic evolution of China's QC research using co-word cluster network analysis, a computational science mapping technique...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384238/a-citizens-jury-on-regulation-of-mcdonald-s-products-and-operations-in-australia-in-response-to-a-corporate-health-impact-assessment
#10
Julia Anaf, Fran Baum, Matthew Fisher
OBJECTIVES: 1) To report outcomes from a citizens' jury examining regulatory responses to the health impacts of McDonald's Australia; 2) To determine the value of using citizens' juries to develop policy recommendations based on the findings of health impact assessment of transnational corporations (TNCs). METHODS: A citizens' jury engaged 15 randomly selected and demographically representative jurors from metropolitan Adelaide to deliberate on the findings of a Corporate Health Impact Assessment, and to decide on appropriate policy actions...
January 31, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382340/38-8-million-additional-modern-contraceptive-users-this-in-fact-is-a-never-before-opportunity-to-strengthen-investment-and-action-on-adolescent-contraception
#11
EDITORIAL
Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli, Marina Plesons, Emily Sullivan, Lianne Gonsalves, Lale Say
BACKGROUND: We thank Bijlmakers et al. for their interest in our article, "A never-before opportunity to strengthen investment and action on adolescent contraception, and what we must do to make full use of it", and are grateful for the opportunity to respond to their four key assertions. RESPONSE: First, we fully agree that sexual rights are controversial, which we discussed in depth in our original article. However, we reaffirm that there is global consensus on adolescent contraception as evidenced in part by recent data emerging from FP2020 on 38...
January 30, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376412/patient-empowerment-its-implementation-and-systems-within-hospitals-in-england-and-greece
#12
Markella Boudioni, Susan McLaren, Graham Lister
Introduction International health policies recognise patient empowerment, resulting in diverse empowerment models and systems. Research on organisational systems for implementing patient empowerment between countries or from organisational stakeholders' perspective, however, is limited. AIMS AND METHODOLOGY: This paper explores and compares organisational systems and structures for patient empowerment implementation in six acute public hospitals in England and Greece (three in each country), their cross-case and cross-national similarities and differences...
January 1, 2018: Health Services Management Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368008/-cancer-patients-in-operative-intensive-care-medicine
#13
REVIEW
T Annecke, A Hohn, B Böll, M Kochanek
Cancer is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. New targeted and individualized therapies and drugs provide a survival benefit for an increasing number of patients, but can also cause severe side effects. An increasing number of oncology patients are admitted to intensive care units (ICU) because of cancer-related complications or treatment-associated side effects. Postoperative care, respiratory distress and sepsis are the leading causes for admission. Tumor mass syndromes and tumor lysis may require urgent treatment...
January 24, 2018: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341196/dynamic-economic-resilience-and-economic-recovery-from-disasters-a-quantitative-assessment
#14
Wei Xie, Adam Rose, Shantong Li, Jianwu He, Ning Li, Tariq Ali
This article analyzes the role of dynamic economic resilience in relation to recovery from disasters in general and illustrates its potential to reduce disaster losses in a case study of the Wenchuan earthquake of 2008. We first offer operational definitions of the concept linked to policies to promote increased levels and speed of investment in repair and reconstruction to implement this resilience. We then develop a dynamic computable general equilibrium (CGE) model that incorporates major features of investment and traces the time-path of the economy as it recovers with and without dynamic economic resilience...
January 16, 2018: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340446/-tensions-and-contradictions-in-government-interventions-for-the-promotion-of-breastfeeding
#15
Rosa María Ramos Rodríguez, María Gabriela Hernández González
With the purpose of shedding light on the decrease in the practice of breastfeeding in rural areas of Mexico, this article looks at the current biomedical model and the policies and actions to promote breastfeeding derived from the model's theoretical approach. The article also discusses operational strategies of the governmental social welfare program Oportunidades. For this purpose, the study utilizes the testimonies of 39 young breastfeeding mothers, 11 mothers and grandmothers and 12 members of the health staff in the Nahuatl population of Cuentepec, Morelos, Mexico, which were collected during a previous study in 2008 and 2009...
October 2017: Salud Colectiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333569/an-integrated-fuzzy-based-advanced-eutrophication-simulation-model-to-develop-the-best-management-scenarios-for-a-river-basin
#16
Rallapalli Srinivas, Ajit Pratap Singh
Assessment of water quality status of a river with respect to its discharge has become prerequisite to sustainable river basin management. The present paper develops an integrated model for simulating and evaluating strategies for water quality management in a river basin management by controlling point source pollutant loadings and operations of multi-purpose projects. Water Quality Analysis and Simulation Program (WASP version 8.0) has been used for modeling the transport of pollutant loadings and their impact on water quality in the river...
January 14, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316916/malaria-programme-personnel-s-experiences-perceived-barriers-and-facilitators-to-implementing-malaria-elimination-strategy-in-south-africa
#17
Khumbulani Welcome Hlongwana, Benn Sartorius, Joyce Tsoka-Gwegweni
BACKGROUND: South Africa has set an ambitious goal targeting to eliminate malaria by 2018, which is consistent with the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals' call to end the epidemic of malaria by 2030 across the globe. There are conflicting views regarding the feasibility of malaria elimination, and furthermore studies investigating malaria programme personnel's perspectives on strategy implementation are lacking. METHODS: The study was a cross-sectional survey conducted in 2014 through a face-to-face investigator-administered semi-structured questionnaire to all eligible and consenting malaria programme personnel (team leader to senior manager levels) in three malaria endemic provinces (KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga, and Limpopo) of South Africa...
January 10, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310657/-right-to-recommend-wrong-to-require-an-empirical-and-philosophical-study-of-the-views-among-physicians-and-the-general-public-on-smoking-cessation-as-a-condition-for-surgery
#18
Joar Björk, Niklas Juth, Niels Lynøe
BACKGROUND: In many countries, there are health care initiatives to make smokers give up smoking in the peri-operative setting. There is empirical evidence that this may improve some, but not all, operative outcomes. However, it may be feared that some support for such policies stems from ethically questionable opinions, such as paternalism or anti-smoker sentiments. This study aimed at investigating the support for a policy of smoking cessation prior to surgery among Swedish physicians and members of the general public, as well as the reasons provided for this...
January 8, 2018: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300900/a-national-evaluation-of-community-based-mental-health-strategies-in-finland
#19
Anu Vähäniemi, Katja Warwick-Smith, Heli Hätönen, Maritta Välimäki
Objective: High-quality mental health care requires written strategies to set a vision for the future, yet, there is limited systematic information available on the monitoring and evaluation of such strategies. The aim of this nationwide study is to evaluate local mental health strategies in community-based mental health services provided by municipalities. Design and setting: Mental health strategy documents were gathered through an online search and an e-mail survey of the local authorities of all Finnish mainland municipalities (n = 320)...
December 29, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282513/international-study-of-the-epidemiology-of-paediatric-trauma-papsa-research-study
#20
Catherine J Bradshaw, Ashwath S Bandi, Zahid Muktar, Muhammad A Hasan, Tanvir K Chowdhury, Tahmina Banu, Mesay Hailemariam, Florence Ngu, David Croaker, Rouma Bankolé, Tunde Sholadoye, Oluwole Olaomi, Emmanuel Ameh, Antonio Di Cesare, Ernesto Leva, Yona Ringo, Lukman Abdur-Rahman, Ramy Salama, Essam Elhalaby, Helen Perera, Christopher Parsons, Stewart Cleeve, Alp Numanoglu, Sebastian Van As, Shilpa Sharma, Kokila Lakhoo
OBJECTIVES: Trauma is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The literature on paediatric trauma epidemiology in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) is limited. This study aims to gather epidemiological data on paediatric trauma. METHODS: This is a multicentre prospective cohort study of paediatric trauma admissions, over 1 month, from 15 paediatric surgery centres in 11 countries. Epidemiology, mechanism of injury, injuries sustained, management, morbidity and mortality data were recorded...
December 28, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
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