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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923641/expanded-pharmacy-technician-roles-accepting-verbal-prescriptions-and-communicating-prescription-transfers
#1
Timothy P Frost, Alex J Adams
As the role of the clinical pharmacist continues to develop and advance, it is critical to ensure pharmacists can operate in a practice environment and workflow that supports the full deployment of their clinical skills. When pharmacy technician roles are optimized, patient safety can be enhanced and pharmacists may dedicate more time to advanced clinical services. Currently, 17 states allow technicians to accept verbal prescriptions called in by a prescriber or prescriber's agent, or transfer a prescription order from one pharmacy to another...
November 29, 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917970/enhancing-the-economic-viability-of-pastoralism-the-need-to-balance-interventions
#2
H Rueff, I Rahim
Extensive mobile pastoral systems do not follow conventional marketing optimisation models, since they must deal with the factors of mobility, erratic environments, dependency on natural resources, seasonality, and distance to markets. While pastoralist systems contribute substantially to national economies, government investment to support pastoralism remains limited or non-existent. Pastoralists are becoming increasingly integrated into larger market systems and therefore need investment and specially adapted policies to supply a growing demand for livestock products and to support their livelihoods...
November 2016: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909212/black-carbon-emission-reduction-strategies-in-healthcare-industry-for-effective-global-climate-change-management
#3
Emilia Mmbando Raila, David O Anderson
Climate change remains one of the biggest threats to life on earth to date with black carbon (BC) emissions or smoke being the strongest cause after carbon dioxide (CO2). Surprisingly, scientific evidence about black carbon emissions reduction in healthcare settings is sparse. This paper presents new research findings on the reduction of black carbon emissions from an observational study conducted at the UN Peacekeeping Operations (MINUSTAH) in Haiti in 2014. Researchers observed 20 incineration cycles, 30 minutes for each cycle of plastic and cardboard sharps healthcare waste (HCW) containers ranged from 3 to 14...
November 30, 2016: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906123/one-health-research-and-training-and-government-support-for-one-health-in-south-asia
#4
REVIEW
Joanna S McKenzie, Rojan Dahal, Manish Kakkar, Nitish Debnath, Mahmudur Rahman, Sithar Dorjee, Khalid Naeem, Tikiri Wijayathilaka, Barun Kumar Sharma, Nasir Maidanwal, Asmatullah Halimi, Eunmi Kim, Pranab Chatterjee, Brecht Devleesschauwer
INTRODUCTION: Considerable advocacy, funding, training, and technical support have been provided to South Asian countries to strengthen One Health (OH) collaborative approaches for controlling diseases with global human pandemic potential since the early 2000s. It is essential that the OH approach continues to be strengthened given South Asia is a hot spot for emerging and endemic zoonotic diseases. The objectives of this article are to describe OH research and training and capacity building activities and the important developments in government support for OH in these countries to identify current achievements and gaps...
2016: Infection Ecology & Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900669/disruptive-behaviour-in-the-perioperative-setting-a-contemporary-review
#5
Alexander Villafranca, Colin Hamlin, Stephanie Enns, Eric Jacobsohn
PURPOSE: Disruptive behaviour, which we define as behaviour that does not show others an adequate level of respect and causes victims or witnesses to feel threatened, is a concern in the operating room. This review summarizes the current literature on disruptive behaviour as it applies to the perioperative domain. SOURCE: Searches of MEDLINE(®), Scopus™, and Google books identified articles and monographs of interest, with backreferencing used as a supplemental strategy...
November 29, 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894320/successful-malaria-elimination-in-the-ecuador-peru-border-region-epidemiology-and-lessons-learned
#6
Lyndsay K Krisher, Jesse Krisher, Mariano Ambuludi, Ana Arichabala, Efrain Beltrán-Ayala, Patricia Navarrete, Tania Ordoñez, Mark E Polhemus, Fernando Quintana, Rosemary Rochford, Mercy Silva, Juan Bazo, Anna M Stewart-Ibarra
BACKGROUND: In recent years, malaria (Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum) has been successfully controlled in the Ecuador-Peru coastal border region. The aim of this study was to document this control effort and to identify the best practices and lessons learned that are applicable to malaria control and to other vector-borne diseases. A proximal outcome evaluation was conducted of the robust elimination programme in El Oro Province, Ecuador, and the Tumbes Region, Peru. Data collection efforts included a series of workshops with local public health experts who played central roles in the elimination effort, review of epidemiological records from Ministries of Health, and a review of national policy documents...
November 28, 2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878711/a-framework-for-guiding-efforts-to-reward-value-instead-of-volume
#7
Taylor J Christensen
The U.S. healthcare system is in the midst of a major shift from fee-for-service to value-based reimbursement models. To date, these new reimbursement models have been focused on quality-contingent bonuses and cost-of-care risk sharing for providers, both of which have yielded only modest success.An analysis of health policy and business strategy literature was performed to identify the mechanisms of how value is rewarded in other industries and to understand the barriers to those mechanisms operating in the healthcare industry...
June 2016: Int J Health Econ Manag
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876291/monetising-the-impacts-of-waste-incinerators-sited-on-brownfield-land-using-the-hedonic-pricing-method
#8
REVIEW
Monica Rivas Casado, Jan Serafini, John Glen, Andrew Angus
In England and Wales planning regulations require local governments to treat waste near its source. This policy principle alongside regional self-sufficiency and the logistical advantages of minimising distances for waste treatment mean that energy from waste incinerators have been built close to, or even within urban conurbations. There is a clear policy and research need to balance the benefits of energy production from waste incinerators against the negative externalities experienced by local residents. However, the monetary costs of nuisance emissions from incinerators are not immediately apparent...
November 18, 2016: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859519/asymmetric-inner-wedge-group-sequential-tests-with-applications-to-verifying-whether-effective-drug-concentrations-are-similar-in-adults-and-children
#9
Lisa V Hampson, Roland Fisch, Linh M Van, Thomas Jaki
Extrapolating from information available on one patient group to support conclusions about another is common in clinical research. For example, the findings of clinical trials, often conducted in highly selective patient cohorts, are routinely extrapolated to wider populations by policy makers. Meanwhile, the results of adult trials may be used to support conclusions about the effects of a medicine in children. For example, if the effective concentration of a drug can be assumed to be similar in adults and children, an appropriate paediatric dosing rule may be found by 'bridging', that is, by matching the adult effective concentration...
November 8, 2016: Statistics in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848103/international-marine-environmental-governance-a-review
#10
REVIEW
Kjell Grip
Impressive numbers of global and regional governmental and non-governmental organizations are working in the field of the marine environment and its resources. Many of these organizations operate within international legal frameworks ranging from comprehensive global conventions, such as the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea to regional agreements aiming at protection and development of regional seas. Characteristic for the management of these seas, both at the national and international level, is that sectoral approaches predominate...
November 15, 2016: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846288/international-collaboration-and-spatial-dynamics-of-us-patenting-in-central-and-eastern-europe-1981-2010
#11
Balázs Lengyel, Mariann Leskó
How did post-socialist transition and a parallel shift in international labor division restructure regional innovation systems in Central and Eastern Europe? This question is increasingly important, because current EU innovation policy is combined with regional development in Smart Specialization Strategies; however, spatial trends of innovation in Central and Eastern Europe are not fully understood which might lead to less than perfectly efficient policy. In this paper we describe the spatial dynamics of inventor activity in the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia between 1981 and 2010 -a period that covers both the late socialist era and the post-socialist transition...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812968/environmental-impact-assessments-of-the-xiaolangdi-reservoir-on-the-most-hyperconcentrated-laden-river-yellow-river-china
#12
Dongxian Kong, Chiyuan Miao, Jingwen Wu, Alistair G L Borthwick, Qingyun Duan, Xiaoming Zhang
The Yellow River is the most hyperconcentrated sediment-laden river in the world. Throughout recorded history, the Lower Yellow River (LYR) experienced many catastrophic flood and drought events. To regulate the LYR, a reservoir was constructed at Xiaolangdi that became operational in the early 2000s. An annual water-sediment regulation scheme (WSRS) was then implemented, aimed at flood control, sediment reduction, regulated water supply, and power generation. This study examines the eco-environmental and socioenvironmental impacts of Xiaolangdi Reservoir...
November 3, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805823/it-takes-a-village-stakeholder-participation-is-essential-to-transforming-science
#13
REVIEW
Kristie Sullivan
Efforts toward replacing the use of animals in toxicology testing have begun to make significant headway in the last several years, due to co-operative and pragmatic efforts on the part of many stakeholders, and the public pressure that non-governmental advocacy organisations represent. Science-focused advocacy organisations have a unique role to play in these efforts, as they often have flexibility to adapt quickly to keep a project going and forge connections among different kinds of stakeholders to help encourage buy-in...
October 2016: Alternatives to Laboratory Animals: ATLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803796/identifying-elixir-core-data-resources
#14
Christine Durinx, Jo McEntyre, Ron Appel, Rolf Apweiler, Mary Barlow, Niklas Blomberg, Chuck Cook, Elisabeth Gasteiger, Jee-Hyub Kim, Rodrigo Lopez, Nicole Redaschi, Heinz Stockinger, Daniel Teixeira, Alfonso Valencia
The core mission of ELIXIR is to build a stable and sustainable infrastructure for biological information across Europe. At the heart of this are the data resources, tools and services that ELIXIR offers to the life-sciences community, providing stable and sustainable access to biological data. ELIXIR aims to ensure that these resources are available long-term and that the life-cycles of these resources are managed such that they support the scientific needs of the life-sciences, including biological research...
2016: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777154/a-retrospective-analysis-of-vision-impairing-tumors-among-467-patients-with-neurofibromatosis-type-2
#15
Peng Li, Zhenmin Wang, Qiangyi Zhou, Shiwei Li, Jing Zhang, Ying Wang, Xingchao Wang, Bo Wang, Fu Zhao, Pinan Liu, Zhijun Yang
BACKGROUND: Vision is extremely important for patients with hearing loss due to neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2). Tumors adjacent to the anterior visual pathway can potentially impair the vision. To date, only a few case reports and small-series studies have been reported. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical features of tumors adjacent to the anterior visual pathway in a large series of NF2 patients. METHODS: Seventy-three patients with potentially vision-impairing tumors were carefully screened from among 467 NF2 patients...
October 21, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771632/the-need-and-potential-of-inactivated-poliovirus-vaccine
#16
Julie Garon, Walter Orenstein, T Jacob John
As the polio endgame progresses, the world will increasingly rely on inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) for protection against polio (wild and vaccine-related) and for risk mitigation during the phased removal of oral polio vaccine (OPV). IPV has already been introduced in most countries and strategies are underway to ensure the remaining OPV-only using countries succeed in introducing IPV in light of operational challenges. Questions remain as to the ideal dosing schedule for IPV in developing countries as well as the length of time for IPV to be administered beyond certification of eradication of wild polioviruses and total OPV withdrawal...
August 7, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770593/brazil-s-worst-mining-disaster-corporations-must-be-compelled-to-pay-the-actual-environmental-costs
#17
Letícia Couto Garcia, Danilo Bandini Ribeiro, Fabio de Oliveira Roque, Jose Manuel Ochoa-Quintero, William F Laurance
In November 2015, a large mine-tailing dam owned by Samarco Corporation collapsed in Brazil, generating a massive wave of toxic mud that spread down the Doce River, killing 19 people and affecting biodiversity across hundreds of kilometers of river, riparian lands, and Atlantic coast. Besides the disaster's serious human and socioeconomic tolls, we estimate the regional loss of environmental services to be ~US$5.21 billion/year. Although our estimate is conservative, it is still six times higher than the fine imposed on Samarco by Brazilian environmental authorities...
October 22, 2016: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769256/copayment-and-recommended-strategies-to-mitigate-its-impacts-on-access-to-emergency-medical-services-under-universal-health-coverage-a-case-study-from-thailand
#18
Paibul Suriyawongpaisal, Wichai Aekplakorn, Samrit Srithamrongsawat, Chaisit Srithongchai, Orawan Prasitsiriphon, Rassamee Tansirisithikul
BACKGROUND: Although bodies of evidence on copayment effects on access to care and quality of care in general have not been conclusive, allowing copayment in the case of emergency medical conditions might pose a high risk of delayed treatment leading to avoidable disability or death. METHODS: Using mixed-methods approach to draw evidence from multiple sources (over 40,000 records of administrative dataset of Thai emergency medical services, in-depth interviews, telephone survey of users and documentary review), we are were able to shed light on the existence of copayment and its related factors in the Thai healthcare system despite the presence of universal health coverage since 2001...
October 21, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762170/the-impact-of-stakeholder-involvement-in-hospital-policy-decision-making-a-study-of-the-hospital-s-business-processes
#19
S Malfait, K Eeckloo, J Hellings, G De Bodt, A Van Hecke
INTRODUCTION: In many health care systems, strategies are currently deployed to engage patients and other stakeholders in decisions affecting hospital services. In this paper, a model for stakeholder involvement is presented and evaluated in three Flemish hospitals. In the model, a stakeholder committee advises the hospital's board of directors on themes of strategic importance. OBJECTIVES: To study the internal hospital's decision processes in order to identify the impact of a stakeholder involvement committee on strategic themes in the hospital decision processes...
October 20, 2016: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760685/implementation-of-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-for-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection-progress-and-emerging-issues-in-research-and-policy
#20
Carlos F Cáceres, Annick Borquez, Jeffrey D Klausner, Rachel Baggaley, Chris Beyrer
BACKGROUND: In this article, we present recent evidence from studies focused on the implementation, effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV infection; discuss PrEP scale-up to date, including the observed levels of access and policy development; and elaborate on key emerging policy and research issues to consider for further scale-up, with a special focus on lower-middle income countries. DISCUSSION: The 2015 WHO Early Release Guidelines for HIV Treatment and Prevention reflect both scientific evidence and new policy perspectives...
2016: Journal of the International AIDS Society
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