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Luiz Henrique Araujo, Clarissa Baldotto, Gilberto de Castro, Artur Katz, Carlos Gil Ferreira, Clarissa Mathias, Eldsamira Mascarenhas, Gilberto de Lima Lopes, Heloisa Carvalho, Jaques Tabacof, Jeovany Martínez-Mesa, Luciano de Souza Viana, Marcelo de Souza Cruz, Mauro Zukin, Pedro De Marchi, Ricardo Mingarini Terra, Ronaldo Albuquerque Ribeiro, Vladmir Cláudio Cordeiro de Lima, Gustavo Werutsky, Carlos Henrique Barrios
Lung cancer is one of the most incident types of cancer and a leading cause of cancer mortality in Brazil. We reviewed the current status of lung cancer by searching relevant data on prevention, diagnosis, and treatment in the country. This review highlights several issues that need to be addressed, including smoking control, patient lack of awareness, late diagnosis, and disparities in the access to cancer health care facilities in Brazil. We propose strategies to help overcome these limitations and challenge health care providers, as well as the society and governmental representatives, to work together and to take a step forward in fighting lung cancer...
January 2018: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
Martin Stanulla, Elif Dagdan, Marketa Zaliova, Anja Möricke, Chiara Palmi, Giovanni Cazzaniga, Cornelia Eckert, Geertruy Te Kronnie, Jean-Pierre Bourquin, Beat Bornhauser, Rolf Koehler, Claus R Bartram, Wolf-Dieter Ludwig, Kirsten Bleckmann, Stefanie Groeneveld-Krentz, Denis Schewe, Stefanie V Junk, Laura Hinze, Norman Klein, Christian P Kratz, Andrea Biondi, Arndt Borkhardt, Andreas Kulozik, Martina U Muckenthaler, Giuseppe Basso, Maria Grazia Valsecchi, Shai Izraeli, Britt-Sabina Petersen, Andre Franke, Petra Dörge, Doris Steinemann, Oskar A Haas, Renate Panzer-Grümayer, Hélène Cavé, Richard S Houlston, Gunnar Cario, Martin Schrappe, Martin Zimmermann
Purpose Somatic deletions that affect the lymphoid transcription factor-coding gene IKZF1 have previously been reported as independently associated with a poor prognosis in pediatric B-cell precursor (BCP) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). We have now refined the prognostic strength of IKZF1 deletions by analyzing the effect of co-occurring deletions. Patients and Methods The analysis involved 991 patients with BCP ALL treated in the Associazione Italiana Ematologia ed Oncologia Pediatrica-Berlin-Frankfurt-Muenster (AIEOP-BFM) ALL 2000 trial with complete information for copy number alterations of IKZF1, PAX5, ETV6, RB1, BTG1, EBF1, CDKN2A, CDKN2B, Xp22...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Francesca Botta, Mahila Ferrari, Carlo Chiesa, Sara Vitali, Francesco Guerriero, Maria Chiara De Nile, Marta Mira, Leda Lorenzon, Massimiliano Pacilio, Marta Cremonesi
PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical implication of performing pre-treatment dosimetry for 90 Y-microspheres liver radioembolization on 99m Tc-MAA SPECT images reconstructed without attenuation or scatter correction and quantified with the patient relative calibration methodology. METHODS: 25 patients treated with SIR-Spheres® at Istituto Europeo di Oncologia and 31 patients treated with TheraSphere® at Istituto Nazionale Tumori were considered. For each acquired 99m Tc-MAA SPECT, four reconstructions were performed: with attenuation and scatter correction (AC_SC), only attenuation (AC_NoSC), only scatter (NoAC_SC) and without corrections (NoAC_NoSC)...
January 31, 2018: Medical Physics
Ana Harfouche, Silvia Silva, João Faria, Rui Araújo, António Gouveia, Maria Lacerda, Luís D'Orey
INTRODUCTION: Breast cancer is the second most common oncological disease worldwide. To analyse the new disease specific funding programme (breast cancer) implemented at the Francisco Gentil Portuguese Institute of Oncology, Lisbon Center (Instituto Português de Oncologia de Lisboa Francisco Gentil), the actual costs of the patients were examined using activity-based costing as a costing methodology. This study addresses the following question: "How much does it cost to treat breast cancer per 'patient-month' compared to the monthly fixed 'funding envelope'?"...
November 29, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
Maria Alsina, Fernando Rivera, Francisco Javier Ramos, Maica Galán, Rafael López, Pilar García-Alfonso, José Enrique Alés-Martinez, Bernardo Queralt, Antonio Antón, Alfredo Carrato, Cristina Grávalos, Maria José Méndez-Vidal, Carlos López, Inmaculada Ruiz de Mena, Josep Tabernero, Jordi Giralt, Enrique Aranda
Errors were subsequently identified in the article and the following corrections should be noted.
December 14, 2017: Targeted Oncology
Paolo Pedrazzoli, Nicola Silvestris, Antonio Santoro, Simona Secondino, Oronzo Brunetti, Vito Longo, Elena Mancini, Sara Mariucci, Teresa Rampino, Sara Delfanti, Silvia Brugnatelli, Saverio Cinieri
Background: The overall risk of some cancers is increased in patients receiving regular dialysis treatment due to chronic oxidative stress, a weakened immune system and enhanced genomic damage. These patients could benefit from the same antineoplastic treatment delivered to patients with normal renal function, but a better risk/benefit ratio could be achieved by establishing specific guidelines. Key considerations are which chemotherapeutic agent to use, adjustment of dosages and timing of dialysis in relation to the administration of chemotherapy...
2017: ESMO Open
Katia Perruccio, Valerio Cecinati, Angela Scagnellato, Massimo Provenzi, Giuseppe Maria Milano, Eleonora Basso, Carla Manzitti, Giovanni Cecchetto, Rita Alaggio, Martina Di Martino, Amalia Schiavetti, Fraia Melchionda, Maria Carmen Affinita, Stefano Chiaravalli, Lucia Miglionico, Rita Balter, Angela Tamburini, Gianni Bisogno, Andrea Ferrari
INTRODUCTION: Rhabdomyosarcoma is a soft tissue malignant musculoskeletal tumor frequent in children. Biliary duct localization is extremely rare, but it is the most common cause of malignant obstructive jaundice in pediatric patients. METHODS: This report describes a series of 10 patients under 18 years of age with biliary tract rhabdomyosarcoma who were enrolled, from 1979 to 2004, in 3 consecutive Italian pediatric cooperative protocols that had been drawn up by the Soft Tissue Sarcoma Committee of the Associazione Italiana Ematologia Oncologia Pediatrica (AIEOP)...
December 1, 2017: Tumori
Maria Alsina, Fernando Rivera, Francisco Javier Ramos, Maica Galán, Rafael López, Pilar García-Alfonso, José Enrique Alés-Martinez, Bernardo Queralt, Antonio Antón, Alfredo Carrato, Cristina Grávalos, Maria José Méndez-Vidal, Carlos López, Inmaculada Ruiz de Mena, Josep Tabernero, Jordi Giralt, Enrique Aranda
BACKGROUND: Pre-operative chemoradiotherapy using a 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)/cisplatin backbone is widely used to improve surgical outcomes in locoregional oesophageal cancer patients, despite a non-negligible failure rate. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated intensification of this approach to improve patient outcomes by adding cetuximab to induction 5-FU/cisplatin/docetaxel (TPF) and to chemoradiotherapy in a phase II study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between November 2006 and April 2009, 50 patients with stage II-IVa squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) or adenocarcinoma of the oesophagus or gastro-oesophageal junction initiated three TPF/cetuximab cycles...
November 11, 2017: Targeted Oncology
Ana Félix, Laia Alemany, Sara Tous, Silvia de Sanjosé, F Xavier Bosch
OBJECTIVES: To determine human papillomavirus (HPV) types in invasive cervical cancer in Portugal. METHODS: Cases diagnosed at the Instituto Português de Oncologia de Lisboa de Francisco Gentil from the year 1928 to 2005 were selected for HPV DNA detection and genotyping using SPF10/DEIA/LiPA25 system. RESULTS: Of the 1214 samples that were considered appropriate for HPV detection, 714 (58.8%; 95% CI: 56.0-61.6%) were positive for HPV DNA...
December 2016: Papillomavirus Research
Marta Pillon, E Carraro, L Mussolin, V Conter, A Tondo, M Aricò, R Mura, A Sala, L Vinti, S Buffardi, P Pierani, E S G d'Amore, G Basso
Between 2007 and 2013, 13 children diagnosed with primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma (PMLBL) were treated according to a modified version of AIEOP (Associazione Italiana Ematologia Oncologia Pediatrica) LNH-97 protocol based on high-dose methotrexate, anthracyclines, and addition of anti-CD20. Ten patients achieved a continuous complete remission with front-line therapy. The overall 5-year survival was 91.7%, and event-free survival was 83.9%, with only one patient dying of progressive disease. Despite the few cases, these results demonstrate that this therapy, which includes anti-CD20, given in a multicenter setting, is feasible with acceptable toxicity in children with PMLBL...
October 19, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Cassiana Mendes Bertoncello Fontes, Daniele Vieira de Menezes, Maria Helena Borgato, Marcos Roberto Luiz
Objectives: describe how the process of breaking bad news is established and identify how nurses approach the task of giving bad news. Method: integrative review of the literature for articles in Portuguese and English published between 1993-2014, in the databases: Bireme, PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, CINAHL and Embase. Nine articles were included using the selection flow chart. A digital form was completed for each article according to the Consolidated Criteria for Reporting Qualitative Research checklist and the level of scientific evidence was determined...
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Antonio Tejera-Vaquerizo, Miguel Angel Descalzo-Gallego, Victor Traves, Celia Requena, Isidro Bolumar, Angel Pla, Eduardo Nagore
BACKGROUND: Time between primary melanoma excision and sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) has not been sufficiently studied as an independent predictor of survival in cutaneous melanoma. OBJECTIVES: We used propensity score matching to evaluate whether early SLNB (performed ≤40 days from excisional biopsy) is associated with higher mortality in patients with cutaneous melanoma. MATERIALS & METHODS: A retrospective cohort study at a tertiary melanoma referral centre...
September 23, 2017: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Sophie Pils, Lisa Gensthaler, Laia Alemany, Reinhard Horvat, Silvia de Sanjosé, Elmar A Joura
BACKGROUND: Even if vulvar cancer is not common, over one hundred women are affected in Austria per year. There is strong evidence that basaloid and warty variants are associated with types of human papillomavirus (HPV). METHODS: The aim of this study is to analyze the types of HPV in vulvar cancer in Austria. This cross-sectional period-prevalence international collaborative study on archival specimens was performed in cooperation with the Institut Catalan di Oncologia in Barcelona, Spain...
November 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Karina Viani, Vicente Odone Filho, Sima Ferman, Teresa Cristina Cardoso Fonseca, Vanessa da Cunha Oliveira, Priscila Dos Santos Maia Lemos, Ronald D Barr, Elena J Ladas
The authors present a proposal of a partnership between the Sociedade Brasileira de Oncologia Pediátrica (SOBOPE) and the International Society of Pediatric Oncology (SIOP) to promote the standardization and improvement of nutritional care of kids under cancer treatment in Brazil. The results of the first meeting in Brazil as well as plans for future meetings are described.
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia
A Rodríguez, M Algara, D Monge, J López-Torrecilla, F Caballero, R Morera, R Escó, H Pérez-Montero, C Ferrer, P C Lara
PURPOSE: Planning for radiation oncology requires reliable estimates of both demand for radiotherapy and availability of technological resources. This study compares radiotherapy resources in the 17 regions of the decentralised Spanish National Health System (SNHS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Sociedad Española de Oncología Radioterápica (SEOR) performed a cross-sectional survey of all Spanish radiation oncology services (ROS) in 2015. We collected data on SNHS radiotherapy units, recording the year of installation, specific features of linear accelerators (LINACs) and other treatment units, and radiotherapeutic techniques implemented by region...
August 3, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Pedro Martinez Castro, Lara Vargas, Antonio Mancheño, Salvador Martín Utrilla, Francisco Pascual, Ignacio Romero, Cristina Zorrero, José Manuel Bosch, Andrés Poveda, Lucas Minig
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the clinical and oncological outcomes of women with malignant bowel obstruction (MBO) for relapsed ovarian cancer and peritoneal carcinomatosis. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed in all consecutive patients admitted at Instituto Valenciano de Oncología, Valencia, Spain, between July 2013 and July 2016 with MBO for relapsed ovarian cancer and peritoneal carcinomatosis. All patients underwent the same protocol of conservative management...
September 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
A Molina-Leyva, M A Descalzo, I García-Doval
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Bibliometric indicators and analyses of clinical research articles can help to quantify the scientific production of hospitals and institutions and identify their main areas of research. The aim of this study was to draw up a bibliometric map of clinical research in dermatology by Spanish hospitals and institutions through an analysis of quantitative, qualitative, and topic-based variables. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Bibliometric study of clinical research articles that met the inclusion criteria and had a definitive publication date between 2005 and 2014 in PubMed or Embase in which the corresponding author's affiliation was a Spanish dermatology department or institution...
November 2017: Actas Dermo-sifiliográficas
Rodrigo Oom, Rui Casaca, Rita Barroca, Sara Carvalhal, Catarina Santos, Nuno Abecasis
INTRODUCTION: Centrally inserted central catheter (CICC) insertion is a commonly performed procedure that may give rise to different complications. Despite the suggestion of guidelines to use ultrasound guidance (USG) for vascular access, not all centers use it systematically. The aim of this study is to illustrate the experience with ultrasound in CICC placement at a high-volume oncological center, in a country where the landmark technique is standard. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of a prospective database was performed on CICC placement under USG in the Central Venous Catheter Unit of Instituto Português de Oncologia de Lisboa Francisco Gentil, from 2012 to 2015...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Vascular Access
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