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Airway endoscopy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103442/clinical-recognition-of-mouth-breathers-by-orthodontists-a-preliminary-study
#1
Julia Garcia Costa, Genilza Silva Costa, Carolina Costa, Oswaldo de Vasconcellos Vilella, Claudia Trindade Mattos, Adriana de Alcantara Cury-Saramago
INTRODUCTION: A routine diagnosis of a patient's breathing status performed by an orthodontist normally includes visual assessment, medical history, clinical examination of habitual lip posture, size and shape of the nostrils, reflex control of the alar muscle and respiratory tests, and the dental mirror test. The objective of this study was to test the recognition of mouth breathers in young persons by an orthodontist and agreement with an otolaryngologist's reference diagnosis when routine assessments were carried out...
November 2017: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101957/anesthesia-for-colonoscopy-and-lower-endoscopic-procedures
#2
REVIEW
John Michael Trummel, Vinay Chandrasekhara, Michael L Kochman
Demand for anesthesiologist-assisted sedation is expanding for gastrointestinal lower endoscopic procedures and may add to the cost of these procedures. Most lower endoscopy can be accomplished with either no, moderate, or deep sedation; general anesthesia and active airway management are rarely needed. Propofol-based sedation has advantages in terms of satisfaction and recovery over other modalities, but moderate sedation using benzodiazepines and opiates work well for low-risk patients and procedures. No sedation for routine colonoscopy works well for selected patients and eliminates sedation-related risks...
December 2017: Anesthesiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094360/effects-of-manipulations-to-detect-sliding-hiatal-hernia-in-dogs-with-brachycephalic-airway-obstructive-syndrome
#3
Olivier Broux, Cécile Clercx, Anne-Laure Etienne, Valeria Busoni, Stéphanie Claeys, Annick Hamaide, Frédéric Billen
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of manipulations aimed at increasing the transdiaphragmatic pressure gradient on the gastro-esophageal junction (GEJ) of dogs with brachycephalic airway obstructive syndrome (BAOS), and to identify the manipulation that most improves the detection of GEJ abnormalities and sliding hiatal hernia (SHH) in dogs with BAOS. STUDY DESIGN: In vivo experimental pilot study and prospective clinical study. ANIMALS: Five purpose-bred Beagles and 20 dogs diagnosed with BAOS...
November 2, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081031/drug-induced-sedation-endoscopy-in-surgically-na%C3%A3-ve-infants-and-children-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-impact-on-treatment-decision-and-outcome
#4
A Boudewyns, V Saldien, P Van de Heyning, S Verhulst
PURPOSE: Adenotonsillectomy (AT) is the first-line treatment for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in children irrespective of clinical upper airway (UA) findings. We aimed to investigate whether drug-induced sedation endoscopy (DISE) changes treatment decision and outcome in otherwise healthy children and infants with OSA. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data on polysomnography, DISE, and treatment in surgically naïve, otherwise healthy infants (n = 34) and children (n = 75) with OSA...
October 28, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063583/infrared-red-intubation-system-irris-guided-flexile-videoscope-assisted-difficult-airway-management
#5
M S Kristensen, E Fried, P Biro
BACKGROUND: Tracheal intubation with a flexible scope is a cornerstone technique in patients with severely difficult airways, but may fail. We report on a technique, Infrared Red Intubation System (IRRIS), that seems to facilitate the identification of the glottis. METHODS: The IRRIS is placed over the patient's cricothyroid membrane and emits blinking infrared light through the patient's skin into the subglottic space. When a flexible videoscope (one that does not filter infrared light) is introduced into the airway, it will display this as a blinking white light emerging from the glottis, retrograde transillumination, showing the pathway to the trachea...
October 24, 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059008/narrative-review-of-contemporary-treatment-options-in-the-care-of-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnoea
#6
Mark S Ferguson, Jennifer Claire Magill, Bhik T Kotecha
Snoring and obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) are increasingly common conditions, and confer a significant health and socioeconomic burden. Furthermore, untreated OSA represents a significant mortality risk. Patients require careful assessment, including detailed clinical history and examination, sleep study and drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE). Although nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) is the gold standard treatment for moderate and severe OSA, multidisciplinary team assessment is often required to develop the best treatment plan for an individual, especially when nasal CPAP is poorly tolerated...
October 1, 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049810/the-use-of-ultrasound-in-the-management-of-a-life-threatening-malignant-laryngotracheal-obstruction
#7
Alfonso Fiorelli, Gaetana Messina, Antonio Raucci, Mario Santini
Ultrasound is becoming a valuable diagnostic tool in the armamentarium of thoracic surgeons. We report its use to follow stent placement in the laryngotracheal position for management of life-threatening neoplastic obstruction. For this purpose, a 15-MHz linear probe was placed in the midline at the level of the cricoid cartilage. Ultrasound performed daily at bedside showed normal movement of vocal folds and no stent dislocation. This strategy may be an alternative to computed tomography scan or endoscopy to follow stent placement in extrathoracic airways...
September 26, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047403/successful-treatment-of-a-recurrent-granulation-polyp-in-the-airways-with-high-dose-rate-brachytherapy-a-case-report
#8
M Polke, J Oelmann-Avendano, A Warth, C P Heussel, F J F Herth, R Eberhardt
BACKGROUND: Benign central airway tumors are very rare diseases. Their unspecific symptoms are responsible for late diagnosis. Endoscopic interventions with different techniques and tools are widely used for their treatment. However, in certain cases interventional endoscopy might be unsuccessful and therefore other methods such as high-dose-rate brachytherapy could be a therapeutic option. CASE PRESENTATION: A 76-year-old white German woman was referred to our clinic for an endoscopic treatment of a recurrent granulation polyp in her left main bronchus...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045003/barbed-expansion-sphincter-pharyngoplasty-for-the-treatment-of-oropharyngeal-collapse-in-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-syndrome-a-retrospective-study-on-17-patients
#9
LETTER
L Pianta, G Bertazzoni, R Morello, P Perotti, P Nicolai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 16, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043476/drug-induced-sedation-endoscopy-dise-data-fusion-system-clinical-feasibility-study
#10
Esuabom Dijemeni, Bhik Kotecha
Drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) is a diagnostic technique for 3D dynamic anatomical visualisation of upper airway obstruction during sedated sleep. There is a lack of standardised procedure and objective measurement associated with information capture, information management, evaluation of DISE findings, treatment planning, and treatment outcomes. The objective of this study is to present clinical feasibility results using a DISE DATA FUSION system for capturing, merging, displaying and storing anatomical data from an endoscopic imaging system and cardiorespiratory data from an anaesthesiological monitoring system simultaneously in real-time during DISE...
October 17, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017739/pulmonary-and-laryngeal-tuberculosis-in-a-25-weeks-gestation-parturient-diagnosed-after-failed-tracheal-intubation
#11
J Geier, B Orlando
A pregnant woman at 25weeks of gestation was diagnosed with laryngeal tuberculosis following a failed intubation for upper gastro-intestinal endoscopy. Laryngeal tuberculosis represents approximately 1% of all cases of tuberculosis in the United States and presents a unique diagnostic challenge, because accompanying laryngeal changes are both varied and nonspecific. This report highlights both the challenges of the pregnant airway and the diagnosis and treatment of laryngeal tuberculosis.
August 19, 2017: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975391/reduced-upper-obstructions-in-n3-and-increased-lower-obstructions-in-rem-sleep-stage-detected-with-manometry
#12
Markus Wirth, Juliane Schramm, Maximilian Bautz, Benedikt Hofauer, Günther Edenharter, Armin Ott, Clemens Heiser
In obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), airway obstruction occurs at different anatomic levels. The frequency and location of obstructions play a crucial role in the planning of surgical treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the pharyngeal obstruction levels in different sleep stages with manometry in OSA patients. In addition, the manometry results were compared with drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE). Forty-one patients with OSA received manometry measurements during one night of sleep. All patients were simultaneously evaluated with polysomnography...
October 3, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970665/two-different-endoscopic-procedures-made-feasible-by-the-janus-mask-in-a-high-risk-patient
#13
Paolo Beccaria, Carmine Domenico Votta, Luca Lucchetta, Simona Silvetti, Massimo Agostoni, Alberto Zangrillo
The Janus mask is a full face mask designed for providing noninvasive ventilation (NIV) during any kind of upper endoscopies (e.g., fiber-optic bronchoscopy, gastrointestinal endoscopy, and transesophageal echocardiography). Due to its unique conformation, its use can be considered for both elective and urgent endoscopic procedures in high-risk patients. In this case report, we present a patient with acute respiratory failure who underwent two consecutive different endoscopic procedures (fiber-optic bronchoscopy and gastrointestinal endoscopy) during continuous positive airway pressure support by means of this novel NIV mask, thus avoiding tracheal intubation and at the same time, improving his respiratory condition...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955477/balloon-dilation-for-the-treatment-of-nasopharyngeal-stenosis-in-seven-cats
#14
Stefeny Z Pollack, Peter S Chapman, Alan Klag
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of balloon dilation for the treatment of nasopharyngeal stenosis in cats. METHODS: The medical records of seven cats with nasopharyngeal stenosis treated with balloon dilation were reviewed. The most common presenting clinical signs included upper airway noise, sneezing, nasal and/or ocular discharge. All seven cats were confirmed to have nasopharyngeal stenosis via nasopharyngeal endoscopy and were treated with balloon dilation under endoscopic guidance...
July 2017: JFMS open reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938299/nonoperating-room-anesthesia-for-endoscopic-procedures
#15
Stephan Knigge, Klaus Hahnenkamp
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to take a look on some practical aspects of anesthetic care in the endoscopy suite, concerning the general approach, safety, and monitoring issues. RECENT FINDINGS: Concerning propofol popularity for sedation during endoscopic procedures new studies create doubt in the safety of higher doses of propofol used for sedation. Careful titration of propofol, addition of synergistic supplements like ketamine and dexmedetomidine, and monitoring of anesthetic depth may limit the dose of propofol given to the patients...
December 2017: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931660/predicting-epiglottic-collapse-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnoea
#16
Ali Azarbarzin, Melania Marques, Scott A Sands, Sara Op de Beeck, Pedro R Genta, Luigi Taranto-Montemurro, Camila M de Melo, Ludovico Messineo, Olivier M Vanderveken, David P White, Andrew Wellman
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is characterised by pharyngeal obstruction occurring at different sites. Endoscopic studies reveal that epiglottic collapse renders patients at higher risk of failed oral appliance therapy or accentuated collapse on continuous positive airway pressure. Diagnosing epiglottic collapse currently requires invasive studies (imaging and endoscopy). As an alternative, we propose that epiglottic collapse can be detected from the distinct airflow patterns it produces during sleep.23 OSA patients underwent natural sleep endoscopy...
September 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929061/drug-induced-sleep-endoscopy-as-a-selection-tool-for-surgical-management-of-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-syndrome-our-personal-experience
#17
M B Bharathi, J Rajendra Prasad, K Satish
The role of Drug-induced sleep endoscopy as a selection tool for surgical management of obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome. SOURCE OF DATA: Polysomnography proved OSA patients, who are planned for surgery in dept. of ENT AND HEAD& NECK, JSS Hospital, Mysore. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective clinical study. METHOD: 30 Polysomnography proved OSA patients, age between 20 and 60 years have been selected for Drug Induced Sleep Endoscopy (DISE) after taking informed consent for proposed surgery...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927489/role-of-exhaled-nasal-nitric-oxide-in-distinguishing-between-chronic-rhinosinusitis-with-and-without-nasal-polyps
#18
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) and CRS without nasal polyps (CRSsNP) nasal polypsis a global health concern. Several clinical biomarkers, such as inhaled carbon monoxide and exhaled nitric oxide (NO), have been studied to assess the presence and degree of inflammation in the airway mucosa. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical application of exhaled nasal NO (nNO) in distinguishing between CRSwNP and CRSsNP in consideration of the atopic status of patients...
September 19, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915135/otolaryngologic-management-of-down-syndrome-patients-what-is-new
#19
Ethan C Bassett, Mary F Musso
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The management of children with Down syndrome as it pertains to the otolaryngologist continues to evolve. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has dominated the recent literature, but other topics including hearing loss, swallowing, and perioperative considerations are also reported. RECENT FINDINGS: The prevalence of OSA in children with Down syndrome ranges from 57 to 73% in certain cohorts, and, whereas adentonsillectomy can decrease Apnea-Hypopnea Index, up to 80% may have persistent OSA...
December 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906336/interobserver-consistency-of-drug-induced-sleep-endoscopy-in-diagnosing-obstructive-sleep-apnea-using-a-vote-classification-system
#20
Ahmet Altintaş, Burak Olgun, Yakup Yegin, Mustafa Çelik, Kamil Hakan Kaya, Arzu Karaman Koç, Fatma Tülin Kayhan
OBJECTIVES: To explore the interobserver consistency of drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) for patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and review the current literature. METHODS: In total, 55 patients with an apnea-hypopnea index >5, as determined by on overnight sleep study, were included in this study, 45 males and 10 females, with an average age of 46.87 ± 10.06 years old (range, 19-71). For all OSAS patients, DISE was performed by the same surgeon, which was recorded digitally...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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