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Airway endoscopy

J S Park, D K Chan, S R Parikh, A K Meyer, K W Rosbe
OBJECTIVE: To study the efficacy of surgical management for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome in children with hypotonia, and to identify common anatomic sites of airway obstruction. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of polysomnographic parameters and quality of life instrument scores for seventy eight children with hypotonia who underwent surgical intervention for sleep-disordered breathing at two tertiary children's hospitals, and analysis of drug-induced sleep endoscopy data using a previously validated scoring system...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Denise Manica, Cláudia Schweiger, Leo Sekine, Simone Chaves Fagondes, Marisa Gasparin, Deborah Salle Levy, Gabriel Kuhl, Marcus Vinicius Collares, Paulo José Cauduro Marostica
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of two glossoptosis airway obstruction classifications in predicting symptom severity and laryngeal exposure difficulty in Robin Sequence (RS) patients. SETTING: Public tertiary hospital otolaryngology section (Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre - HCPA). PATIENTS: All RS patients diagnosed at HCPA from October 2012 to February 2015 were enrolled, a total of 58 individuals. They were classified in isolated RS, RS-Plus and syndromic RS...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Beata Kusak, Ewa Cichocka-Jarosz, Urszula Jedynak-Wasowicz, Grzegorz Lis
The aim of this study was to: (1) find out whether laryngomalacia (LM) types are related to clinical course; (2) which patients with LM are at higher risk of other airway malacia [tracheomalacia (TM) and/or bronchomalacia (BM)]; and (3) evaluate the prevalence of LM in our region. Patients with established LM diagnosis and complete clinical and endoscopy records were enrolled. They were classified into different LM types according to classification based on the side of supraglottic obstruction. One hundred ten children were included...
October 8, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Natamon Charakorn, Eric J Kezirian
Drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) is an upper airway evaluation technique in which fiberoptic examination is performed under conditions of unconscious sedation. Unique information obtained from this 3-dimensional examination of the airway potentially provides additive benefits to other evaluation methods to guide treatment selection. This article presents recommendations regarding DISE technique and the VOTE Classification system for reporting DISE findings and reviews the evidence concerning DISE test characteristics and the association between DISE findings and treatment outcomes...
October 6, 2016: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
Glenn Harvin, Eslam Ali, Amit Raina, William Leland, Sabeen Abid, Zahid Vahora, Hossein Movahed, Sumyra Kachru, Rick Tee
BACKGROUND: This pilot study examined airway characteristics during upper endoscopy to determine who is at high risk for obstructive sleep apnea. METHODS: Patients undergoing routine upper endoscopy were divided into 2 groups according to the Berlin Questionnaire (high and low risk for sleep disordered breathing). Patients underwent routine upper endoscopy using propofol sedation. The airway was then evaluated for no, partial, or complete collapse at the levels of the palate/uvula/tonsils, the tongue base, the hypopharynx, and the larynx...
October 2016: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
Andre S Madsen, George Oosthuizen, Grant L Laing, John L Bruce, Damian Luiz Clarke
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to audit our experience with computed tomography angiography (CTA) for the detection of aerodigestive tract injury (ADTI) following penetrating neck injury (PNI) and to assess the significance of deep surgical emphysema on CTA. METHODS: A prospectively maintained trauma registry at the Pietermaritzburg Metropolitan Trauma Service, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa was retrospectively interrogated. The data of all patients with PNI investigated with CTA over a 4-y period were reviewed...
October 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
Javier Milara, Anselm Morell, Beatriz Ballester, Miguel Armengot, Esteban Morcillo, Julio Cortijo
BACKGROUND: Current evidence suggests that membrane-tethered mucins could mediate corticosteroid efficacy, interacting with glucocorticoid receptor (GR) in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP). Mucin 4 (MUC4)-tethered mucin is expressed in nasal polyp (NP) epithelial cells and upregulated under inflammatory conditions. Moreover, MUC4β has the capacity to interact with other intracellular proteins. We hypothesized that MUC4 modulates corticosteroid efficacy of patients with CRSwNP...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Sharon H Gnagi, David R White
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To discuss current modalities of endoscopic airway management beyond balloon dilation therapy. RECENT FINDINGS: Advances continue to be made through technology and bioengineering with exciting potential in the pediatric airway. Smaller robots and instrumentation allow increased endoscopic surgical success. Biodegradable stents and bioengineered grafts are on the horizon for use in airway surgery. Dysphonia following airway reconstruction is of increasing recognition with new endoscopic treatments being performed...
September 15, 2016: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
Antonia Troillet, Denny Böttcher, Walter Brehm, Doreen Scharner
OBJECTIVE: To describe the presentation, presurgical diagnostic findings, treatment, and outcome of horses with histologically confirmed, unilateral thyroid neoplasia. The complications, particularly laryngeal hemiplegia, were investigated. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Client-owned horses (n=14). METHODS: Medical records of horses presenting with a unilateral thyroid mass due to neoplasia from 2003-2015 were reviewed...
October 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Olubunmi Ajose-Popoola, Erica Su, Ashley Hamamoto, Alex Wang, Joseph C Jing, Tony D Nguyen, Jason J Chen, Kathryn E Osann, Zhongping Chen, Gurpreet S Ahuja, Brian J F Wong
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Current imaging modalities lack the necessary resolution to diagnose subglottic stenosis. The aim of this study was to use optical coherence tomography (OCT) to evaluate nascent subglottic mucosal injury and characterize mucosal thickness and structural changes using texture analysis in a simulated intubation rabbit model. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective animal study in rabbits. METHODS: Three-centimeter-long sections of endotracheal tubes (ETT) were endoscopically placed in the subglottis and proximal trachea of New Zealand White rabbits (n = 10) and secured via suture...
August 25, 2016: Laryngoscope
M Auger, K Alexander, G Beauchamp, M Dunn
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate and compare nasal mucosal contact, septal deviation and caudal aberrant nasal turbinates in brachycephalic and normocephalic dogs using computed tomography. METHODS: Dogs without nasal disease and having undergone computed tomography scan of the head (plica alaris to the cribiform plate) were retrospectively selected and divided into brachycephalic and normocephalic groups. Eighteen brachycephalic and 32 normocephalic dogs were included. Anatomic criteria were used to locate predetermined pairs of intranasal structures and nasal mucosal contact was described as present or absent for each site...
October 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
Sung Hoon Jung, Soo Kweon Koo, Jang Won Choi, Ji Seung Moon, Sang Hoon Lee
We studied upper airway structural changes induced by continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) patients using drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE). This prospective study was conducted at an academic secondary referral center. In total, 28 male OSAS patients (mean age 41.1 years) with only retropalatal level obstructions were enrolled. Measurements of the obstruction site were obtained in two steps: first a measurement was taken of the obstruction site in accordance with sleep apnea, then, a measurement was taken of the obstruction site in accordance with DISE-assisted CPAP titration, including quantitative changes in the occlusion site before and after CPAP in pixel format using an area calculation program...
July 29, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Li-Ang Lee, Yu-Lun Lo, Jen-Fang Yu, Gui-She Lee, Yung-Lun Ni, Ning-Hung Chen, Tuan-Jen Fang, Chung-Guei Huang, Wen-Nuan Cheng, Hsueh-Yu Li
Snoring sounds generated by different vibrators of the upper airway may be useful indicators of obstruction sites in patients with obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). This study aimed to investigate associations between snoring sounds, obstruction sites, and surgical responses (≥50% reduction in the apnea-hypopnea index [AHI] and <10 events/hour) in patients with OSAHS. This prospective cohort study recruited 36 OSAHS patients for 6-hour snoring sound recordings during in-lab full-night polysomnography, drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE), and relocation pharyngoplasty...
2016: Scientific Reports
Isamara Simas de Oliveira, Paulo Fernando Tormin Borges Crosara, Geovanni Dantas Cassali, Diego Carlos Dos Reis, Danilo Santana Rodrigues, Flavio Barbosa Nunes, Roberto Eustáquio Santos Guimarães
INTRODUCTION: Macrolides used as immunomodulators are a promising tool for chronic inflammatory airway diseases. Eosinophilic nasal polyposis (ENP) is still considered a disease that is difficult to control with the currently standardized treatments. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate prolonged treatment with low-dose azithromycin for ENP based on clinical and histopathologic variables. METHODS: The present investigation was a self-paired case study of 33 patients with ENP...
January 2016: Allergy & Rhinology
K Leslie, M L Allen, E Hessian, A Y-S Lee
We conducted a survey of Australian specialist anaesthetists about their practice of sedation for elective and emergency gastroscopy, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), and colonoscopy. A 24-item survey was emailed to 1,000 anaesthetists in August 2015. Responses were received from 409 anaesthetists (response rate=41%) with responses from 395 anaesthetists analysed. Pulse oximetry and oxygen administration were routine for all procedures for all respondents. Blood pressure was routinely measured by most respondents during gastroscopy (elective=88%; emergency=97%), ERCP (elective=99%; emergency=99%) and colonoscopy (elective=91%; emergency=98%)...
July 2016: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
Shalini Arulanandam, Alan J Hakim, Qasim Aziz, Guri Sandhu, Martin A Birchall
1.This is a first-in-literature case series of 9 patients with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) presenting with laryngological manifestations of their condition. 2.Laryngological and upper digestive tract complaints are relatively common and very varied in EDS, and in this series included dysphagia, dysphonia, laryngospasm, chronic throat pain and post-surgical scarring complicating airway stenosis. 3.Clinical findings in the larynx and pharynx are subtle and may not guide the diagnosis of the syndrome or its local manifestations...
July 19, 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
Christopher Clark, Seckin O Ulualp
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Children with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may have multiple sites of upper airway obstruction (UAO). A wide variety of techniques has been used to evaluate UAO. Our aim was to compare findings of cine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) in identifying UAO sites in children with persistent OSA after adenotonsillectomy (AT). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The medical records of children who underwent DISE and cine MRI were reviewed...
July 14, 2016: Laryngoscope
James L Carmalt, Bengt Johanssen, Cheryl Waldner
OBJECTIVE: To compare the performance of horses with intermittent dorsal displacement of the soft palate (IDDSP) treated surgically with a control group and to determine whether there was a difference in postoperative performance between horses treated with a staphylectomy or a tie-forward procedure. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective observational study. ANIMALS: Swedish Warmblood trotting horses (Standardbreds) with endoscopically confirmed IDDSP (n=56) and control horses (n=48) with endoscopically normal upper airways tested using overground endoscopy identified from medical records...
August 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
Yakup Yegïn, Mustafa Çelik, Kamïl Hakan Kaya, Arzu Karaman Koç, Fatma Tülin Kayhan
INTRODUCTION: Knowledge of the site of obstruction and the pattern of airway collapse is essential for determining correct surgical and medical management of patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS). To this end, several diagnostic tests and procedures have been developed. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) or Müller's maneuver (MM) would be more successful at identifying the site of obstruction and the pattern of upper airway collapse in patients with OSAS...
June 20, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Furkan Karaloğlu, Yusuf K Kemaloğlu, Metin Yilmaz, Tansu Ulukavak Çiftçi, Bülent Çiftçi, Faruk K Bakkal
The localization of the obstruction is crucial in determining the appropriate surgical treatment for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS); ApneaGraph has been introduced for diagnosis of OSAS and localization of airway obstruction level. This study aims to evaluate the diagnostic value of ApneaGraph for both clinical staging and site of obstruction. Thirty male OSAS patients were prospectively enrolled in this clinical trial. The following parameter were included to the study: Body mass indexes and neck circumferences of the subjects, Epworth sleepiness scale, site of obstruction detected by flexible endoscopy and ApneaGraph, apnea hypopnea index (AHI), apnea index, hypopnea index, maximal oxygen desaturation and average oxygen saturation which were detected by both polysomnography (PSG) and ApneaGraph devices...
July 4, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
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