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Laryngomalacia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224749/supraglottoplasty-for-laryngomalacia-the-experience-from-concepcion-chile
#1
Sahba Sedaghat, Felipe Fredes, Mario Tapia
OBJECTIVE: To review the clinical manifestations and outcomes of supraglottoplasty in patients with moderate to severe laryngomalacia at Guillermo Grant Benavente Hospital between January 2015 and January 2017. METHODS: Retrospective study of patients with laryngomalacia who underwent CO2 laser supraglottoplasty at a tertiary referral center. A review of medical records of these patients was performed. Epidemiological data along with symptoms, comorbidities, morphological type of laryngomalacia, synchronous airway lesions, surgery outcomes and satisfaction of parents after the procedure were recorded...
December 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217599/ers-statement-on-obstructive-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-1-to-23-month-old-children
#2
Athanasios G Kaditis, Maria Luz Alonso Alvarez, An Boudewyns, Francois Abel, Emmanouel I Alexopoulos, Refika Ersu, Koen Joosten, Helena Larramona, Silvia Miano, Indra Narang, Hui-Leng Tan, Ha Trang, Marina Tsaoussoglou, Nele Vandenbussche, Maria Pia Villa, Dick Van Waardenburg, Silke Weber, Stijn Verhulst
The present statement was produced by a European Respiratory Society Task Force to summarise the evidence and current practice on the diagnosis and management of obstructive sleep disordered breathing (SDB) in children aged 1-23 months. A systematic literature search was completed and 159 articles were summarised to answer clinically relevant questions. SDB is suspected when symptoms or abnormalities related to upper airway obstruction are identified. Morbidity (pulmonary hypertension, growth delay, behavioural problems) and coexisting conditions (feeding difficulties, recurrent otitis media) may be present...
December 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067893/laryngomalacia-is-there-an-evidence-base-for-management
#3
REVIEW
C McCaffer, K Blackmore, L M Flood
BACKGROUND: The advent of supraglottoplasty clearly has transformed the surgical management of severe laryngomalacia. The condition, however, generally runs a milder course, with spontaneous resolution the norm. OBJECTIVES: To identify gaps in the knowledge and identify topics for future study. METHOD: Systematic review of the literature. RESULTS: The literature suggests that there is a range of abnormalities leading to the typical collapsing upper airway, and that neurological disease, other airway abnormalities, syndromes and gastroesophageal reflux all contribute to disease severity and influence outcomes...
November 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033358/predictive-factors-of-early-postoperative-respiratory-complications-after-tonsillectomy-in-children-with-unidentified-risks-for-this-complication
#4
Florence Julien-Marsollier, Pierre Salis, Rachida Abdat, Thierno Diallo, Thierry van Den Abbelle, Souhayl Dahmani
INTRODUCTION: Tonsillectomy is considered as a therapeutic option in obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS). Postoperative respiratory failure is a complication that can require respiratory support. The main objective of our study is to determine risk factors of postoperative respiratory complications in children undergoing tonsillectomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a retrospective single centre observational study including patients with unanticipated postoperative respiratory failure...
October 12, 2017: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895457/polysomnography-in-pediatric-otolaryngology-if-not-obstructive-sleep-apnea-what-is-it
#5
Christine H Heubi, Jareen Meinzen-Derr, Sally R Shott, David F Smith, And Stacey L Ishman
Objective To determine common polysomnographic (PSG) diagnoses for children referred by otolaryngologists. Study Design Retrospective case series with chart review. Setting Single tertiary pediatric hospital (2010-2015). Subjects and Methods Review of the medical records of 1258 patients undergoing PSG by otolaryngology referral. Patients who underwent previous otolaryngologic surgery were excluded. Data distributions were evaluated using means with standard deviations for continuous variables and frequencies with percentages for categorical variables...
September 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889139/bohring-opitz-syndrome-a-case-of-a-rare-genetic-disorder
#6
N Visayaragawan, N Selvarajah, H Apparau, V Kamaru Ambu
The diagnostic challenge of Bohring-Opitz Syndrome, a rare genetic disorder has haunted clinicians for ages. Our patient was born at term via caesarean-section with a birth weight of 1.95 kilograms. She had mild laryngomalacia, gastroesophageal reflux disease and seizures. Physical signs included microcephaly, hemangioma, low set ears, cleft palate, micrognatia and the typical BOS posture. Chromosomal analysis showed 46 xx -Bohring-Opitz Syndrome overlapped with C- syndrome. Goal-directed holistic care with integration of parent/carer training was started very early...
August 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806114/-endoscopic-ultra-dream-pulse-laser-surgery-of-laryngomalacia-our-experiences-gained-during-the-introduction-of-the-method-in-hungary
#7
Zoltán Tóbiás, Dóra Pálinkó, Balázs Sztanó, Miklós Csanády, Péter Gál, László Rovó
INTRODUCTION: Congenital stridor and dyspnoe are caused by laryngomalacia in most cases. AIM: In this article we present a new, surgical method for treating severe laryngomalacia in patients under the age of 1, where ultrapulsated (UDP) laser beam is used for supraglottoplasty. Ultra dream pulse laser creates lesser thermical side damage in the tissue, therefore the risk of postoperative laryngeal oedema and scarring is lower. METHOD: We present 10 cases and the endoscopic UDP-laser surgery of patients under the age of 1 with severe laryngomalacia...
August 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803450/manoeuvre-to-aid-endoscopic-division-of-aryepiglottic-folds-aryepiglottoplasty
#8
Salil Sood, Raymond Clarke, Andrew Bowhay, Sujata De
Laryngomalacia, a congenital malformation of larynx is the commonest cause of stridor in young infants. Ninety percent of cases resolve by the age of 2 years without any active intervention (1).The most consistent abnormality seen in non-resolving cases is shortening of the aryepiglottic folds (picture 1).(2) This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
August 13, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765181/rare-presentation-of-bilobed-posterior-tongue-in-goldenhar-syndrome
#9
Thilaga Rajendran, Ganesh Ramalinggam, Valuyeetham Kamaru Ambu
A bilobed posterior tongue is a rare malformation with few reported cases in the literature. This anomaly has not been demonstrated in patients with Goldenhar syndrome. We report a case of a 5-month-old child with the classic signs of Goldenhar syndrome and laryngomalacia with an incidental finding of a bilobed posterior tongue. Careful assessment and monitoring are crucial, especially in syndromic babies.
August 1, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688566/dysphagia-in-healthy-children-characteristics-and-management-of-a-consecutive-cohort-at-a-tertiary-centre
#10
Orysya Svystun, Wendy Johannsen, Rabin Persad, Justine M Turner, Carina Majaesic, Hamdy El-Hakim
OBJECTIVE: Whereas the literature is replete with reports on complex children with dysphagia (DP), the parameters characterizing non-neurologically impaired (NNI) children have been underreported, leaving a substantial knowledge gap. We set to characterize a consecutive cohort of NNI children, their management, and outcomes. METHODS: We undertook a retrospective case series. Children (<18 years old) attending a tertiary multidisciplinary swallowing clinic were eligible...
August 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600064/pfeiffer-syndrome-with-fgfr2-c342r-mutation-presenting-extreme-proptosis-craniosynostosis-hearing-loss-ventriculomegaly-broad-great-toes-and-thumbs-maxillary-hypoplasia-and-laryngomalacia
#11
Chih-Ping Chen, Shuan-Pei Lin, Yu-Peng Liu, Schu-Rern Chern, Shin-Wen Chen, Shih-Ting Lai, Wayseen Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511742/predictors-for-routine-admission-to-paediatric-intensive-care-for-post-supraglottoplasty-laryngomalacia-patients
#12
S Chan, G Siou, A Welch, S Powell
OBJECTIVES: Supraglottoplasty for the treatment of laryngomalacia has little current evidence regarding post-operative care. Our study aimed to: (1) retrospectively assess what proportion of patients required paediatric intensive care unit level of care; (2) identify pre-operative predictive factors common to these cases; and (3) report patient outcomes at six weeks' follow up. METHODS: A 10-year retrospective case series analysis was conducted of all patients diagnosed with laryngomalacia and subsequently treated with supraglottoplasty...
July 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508288/repetitive-postoperative-extubation-failure-and-cardiac-arrest-due-to-laryngomalacia-after-general-anesthesia-in-an-elderly-patient-a-case-report
#13
Jun Takeshita, Kei Nishiyama, Masashi Fujii, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Satoru Beppu, Nozomu Sasahashi, Nobuaki Shime
The authors report a case involving an elderly patient who experienced repetitive perioperative cardiac arrest caused by laryngomalacia. The patient underwent surgery under general anesthesia; however, 2 h after initial extubation, he experienced cardiopulmonary arrest. Return of spontaneous circulation was achieved by immediate resuscitation. Four hours later, a second extubation was performed without any neurological complications. However, 2 h later, he experienced cardiopulmonary arrest again. Immediately after the third extubation, 12 h after the second cardiopulmonary arrest, fiberoptic laryngoscopy revealed laryngomalacia...
October 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476166/predictors-of-failure-of-dise-directed-adenotonsillectomy-in-children-with-sleep-disordered-breathing
#14
Noura Alsufyani, Andre Isaac, Manisha Witmans, Paul Major, Hamdy El-Hakim
BACKGROUND: Adenotonsillectomy (AT) is the most commonly performed procedure for sleep disordered breathing (SDB) in pediatrics. However, 20-40% of patients will have persistent signs and symptoms of SDB after AT. Drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) has the potential to individualize surgical treatments and avoid unnecessary or unsuccessful surgeries. The objective of this study was to determine the predictors of failure of DISE-directed adenoidectomy and/or tonsillectomy in otherwise healthy children with SDB...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474959/is-a-multidisciplinary-aerodigestive-clinic-more-effective-at-treating-recalcitrant-aerodigestive-complaints-than-a-single-specialist
#15
Janine M Rotsides, Gina M Krakovsky, Dinesh K Pillai, Sona Sehgal, Maura E Collins, Carolyn E Noelke, Nancy M Bauman
OBJECTIVE: To determine the utility of a pediatric multidisciplinary aerodigestive clinic (ADC) in treating recalcitrant aerodigestive conditions. METHODS: Longitudinal observational study of presenting complaints, evaluation, management, and outcome of patients seen during 12 monthly ADCs beginning August 2013. RESULTS: Fifty-five patients were seen by the ADC team (otolaryngology/gastroenterology/pulmonology/speech pathology/nurse practitioner) and followed for a mean 17...
July 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417683/tracheostomy-for-severe-pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnea-indications-and-outcomes
#16
Christopher J Rizzi, Julian D Amin, Amal Isaiah, Tulio A Valdez, Anita Jeyakumar, Suzanne E Smart, Kevin D Pereira
Objectives (1) To describe characteristics of pediatric patients undergoing tracheostomy for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). (2) To highlight perioperative events and outcomes of the procedure. Study Design Case series with chart review. Setting Four tertiary care academic children's hospitals. Subjects and Methods Twenty-nine children aged <18 years from January 1, 2010, to December 31, 2015, who underwent tracheostomy for severe OSA, defined as an apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) >10, were included in the study...
August 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390597/association-of-airway-abnormalities-with-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome
#17
Rosalba Sacca, Karen B Zur, T Blaine Crowley, Elaine H Zackai, Kathleen D Valverde, Donna M McDonald-McGinn
INTRODUCTION: 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS) presents with complex but variable symptoms, including cardiac, immune, palatal, endocrine, cognitive, and psychiatric issues. However, an association of 22q11.2DS with structural airway abnormalities has not been formally described. The aim of this study was to document the frequency of this association. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of patients with 22q11.2DS evaluated in the 22q and You Center at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia between 1999 and 2015 referred to otolaryngology for an airway assessment...
May 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356131/treatment-of-infants-with-syndromic-robin-sequence-with-modified-palatal-plates-a-minimally-invasive-treatment-option
#18
Silvia Müller-Hagedorn, Wolfgang Buchenau, Jörg Arand, Margit Bacher, Christian F Poets
BACKGROUND: Infants with Robin sequence (RS) suffer from upper airway obstruction (UAO) and feeding problems. We developed an oral appliance with a velar extension in combination with functional treatment and appropriate feeding techniques, which was proven effective in isolated RS. As the above problems are particularly challenging in syndromic RS, we set out to evaluate our treatment concept also in these patients. METHODS: We searched our electronic departmental database to identify all children admitted to our department between 01/01/2003 and 31/12/2009 because of syndromic RS...
March 30, 2017: Head & Face Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224634/pepsin-as-a-biomarker-for-laryngopharyngeal-reflux-in-children-with-laryngomalacia
#19
Kendra Luebke, Tina L Samuels, Thomas H Chelius, Cecille G Sulman, Michael E McCormick, Joseph E Kerschner, Nikki Johnston, Robert H Chun
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Laryngomalacia is a common cause of newborn stridor. Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) has been associated with laryngomalacia. Although pepsin, a component of LPR, has been associated with inflammatory diseases of the aerodigestive tract, its presence in the airways of laryngomalacia patients is unknown. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective case-control study comparing patients under age 3 years with laryngomalacia to children without laryngomalacia. METHODS: Children less than 3 years old undergoing supraglottoplasty for laryngomalacia or surgery unrelated to the airway, without a history of laryngomalacia, reflux, or respiratory disease, were offered enrollment...
October 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220307/drug-induced-sedation-endoscopy-in-children-2%C3%A2-years-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-upper-airway-findings-and-treatment-outcomes
#20
A Boudewyns, P Van de Heyning, S Verhulst
Few data are available about the pattern of upper airway (UA) obstruction in children <2 years with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). Also, the role of adenoidectomy versus adenotonsillectomy (AT) is poorly defined in this age group. We performed drug-induced sedation endoscopy (DISE) in young OSAS children to investigate the pattern of UA obstruction and the value of DISE in therapeutic decision making. Retrospective analysis of ≤2-year-old children undergoing DISE-directed UA surgery. OSAS severity and the treatment outcomes were documented by polysomnography...
May 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
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