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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436138/the-incidence-of-postoperative-respiratory-complications-a-retrospective-analysis-of-cuffed-vs-uncuffed-tracheal-tubes-in-children-0-7%C3%A2-years-of-age
#1
Michel de Wit, Linda M Peelen, Leo van Wolfswinkel, Jurgen C de Graaff
BACKGROUND: The use of cuffed vs uncuffed endotracheal tubes in pediatric anesthesia is widely debated. This study aimed to investigate whether the use of cuffed vs uncuffed tubes is associated with an increased incidence of acute postoperative respiratory complications. METHODS: We retrospectively studied all children aged 0-7 years in which the trachea was intubated between September 28, 2006 and August 26, 2016 in a pediatric university hospital. Logistic regression analysis was performed to estimate the association between tube design (cuffed vs uncuffed) and the incidence of acute postoperative respiratory complications (stridor, wheezing, or dyspnea; desaturations ≤90%) in need of intervention (epinephrine, dexamethasone, nebulizers, supplementary oxygen, or reintubation), adjusting for potential confounders...
March 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405660/laryngeal-ultrasound-for-the-diagnosis-of-laryngomalacia-in-infants
#2
Shirley Friedman, Efraim Sadot, Guy Gut, Keren Armoni Domany, Yakov Sivan
INTRODUCTION: Laryngomalacia is the most prevalent cause of congenital stridor. Flexible laryngobronchoscopy (FLB) is the gold standard for diagnosis. However, FLB requires venous access, deep sedation or general anesthesia, and is associated with patient's and parental discomfort and a considerable cost. Laryngeal ultrasound (LUS) has been shown to provide good evaluation of the normal anatomy and the dynamic motion of laryngeal structures. We investigated the yield of LUS in the diagnosis of laryngomalacia in infants with congenital stridor compared to FLB...
February 6, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403179/diagnostic-role-of-intraoperative-imprint-cytology-in-an-unusual-case-of-chondrosarcoma-presenting-as-acute-onset-stridor
#3
Paul K Benjith, Nikhil Moorchung, Angshuman Dutta, Deepti Mutreja
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402450/vascular-ring-early-and-long-term-mortality-and-morbidity-after-surgical-repair
#4
Anne Mette S Schmidt, Signe H Larsen, Vibeke E Hjortdal
BACKGROUND: Vascular ring is a rare cause of recurrent respiratory infections, dysphagia and stridor. Surgical repair is considered safe but the long-term outcomes are unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the mortality and morbidity following vascular ring surgery in a single institution. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study covers operations done at Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark between October 1983 and May 2015. Medical records were reviewed focusing on early complications and long-term complaints up to September 2017...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397301/-vocal-cord-dyskinesia-and-or-asthma
#5
J J Braun, C Delmas, A Charloux, P Schultz, F de Blay
INTRODUCTION: Vocal cord dyskinesia or vocal cord dysfunction (VCD) is characterized by intermittent abnormal adduction of the vocal cords leading to airflow limitation at the level of the larynx, in the absence of local organic disease. It may occur in isolation or in association with asthma. The pathophysiology is complex and poorly understood. Wheeze, stridor or apparent upper airway obstruction are the most common symptoms. It occurs in a wide age range, more commonly in women, and diagnosis is often delayed and leads to unnecessary treatments (intubation, tracheostomy and high dose steroids)...
January 31, 2018: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392085/causes-of-death-in-chinese-patients-with-multiple-system-atrophy
#6
LingYu Zhang, Bei Cao, Yutong Zou, Qian-Qian Wei, RuWei Ou, Wanglin Liu, Bi Zhao, Jing Yang, Ying Wu, HuiFang Shang
The objective of this study was to explore the causes of death in Chinese patients with multiple system atrophy (MSA) as well as differences in the cause of death according to sex, subtype, disease onset, and whether the disease was accompanied by nocturnal stridor. A total of 131 MSA patients were enrolled and followed up once every year until their deaths. Clinical information was collected by neurologists, and the cause of death of the MSA patients was obtained from the patients' relatives or caregivers...
February 2018: Aging and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392074/a-rare-cause-of-positional-dyspnea-hypopharyngeal-hamartoma
#7
İbrahim Ketenci, Cemal Onur Nursaçan, Kerem Kökoğlu, Alperen Vural, Furkan Şan, Yaşar Ünlü
Hypopharyngeal hamartomas are quite rare tumors that may cause nutritional or respiratory problems in neonates and infants. They may be confused with other benign laryngeal lesions. In this study a 7-month-old infant with congenital stridor and positional dyspnea caused by a hypopharyngeal hamartoma was reported with review of the literature. Hypopharyngeal hamartomas should be considered in the differential diagnosis of pathologies that cause respiratory or feeding problems in neonates or infants.
September 2017: Turkish Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392053/retrotracheal-extraskeletal-ewing-s-sarcoma-case-report-and-discussion-on-airway-management
#8
Graeme Van Der Meer, Hannah Linkhorn, Maayan Gruber, Murali Mahadevan, Colin Barber
Extraskeletal Ewing's sarcoma is a rare tumor, and the management of airway compromise in case of cervical Ewing's sarcoma has not been established. This report describes the case of a patient with retrotracheal Ewing's sarcoma and discusses a successful approach to airway management. A 12-year-old male presented with a 2-week history of sore throat and sleep-disordered breathing and 48 hours of stridor. Imaging confirmed a retrotracheal soft tissue mass with airway compromise. A planned and controlled approach to his airway management resulted in a secure airway prior to definitive treatment...
March 2017: Turkish Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29365382/-efficacy-of-systemic-glucocorticoids-combined-with-inhaled-steroid-on-children-with-acute-laryngitis
#9
Q P Chen, R F Zhou, Y M Zhang, L Yang
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of systemic glucocorticoid (steroid) combined with high dose inhaled steroid in the treatment of children with acute laryngitis. Methods: A total of 78 children with acute laryngitis were randomly divided into study group(n=40) and control group(n=38) between November 2016 and April 2017. In addition to routine treatment of anti infection and symptomatic treatment, Dexamethasone injection(0.3-0.5 mg/kg, 1-3 d, according to the patient's condition) was provided to each group...
January 7, 2018: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29365373/-evaluation-and-treatment-of-children-s-laryngeal-clefts
#10
C Chen, L T Tan, Z M Xu
Objectives: To provide the experience about the diagnostic process and following management, and to discuss the outcome and predictors in children with laryngeal cleft (LC). Methods: A retrospective case study was conducted at an academic children's hospital. Thirty children were diagnosed as laryngeal cleft between January 2016 and April 2017.Airway evaluations were performed using both flexible and rigid endoscopy, and swallowing evaluations were performed using fiberoptic endoscopic examination of swallowing or modified barium swallow...
January 7, 2018: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351592/outcome-after-long-segment-tracheal-resection-study-of-52-cases
#11
Tarek Mohsen, Amany Abou Zeid, Ihab Abdelfattah, Mohammed Mosleh, Waleed Adel, Ashraf Helal
OBJECTIVES: Resection of long-segment trachea is challenging, and although 50% of adult trachea can be removed, anastomotic complications arise proportionally. Different release manoeuvres have been described to gain length and reduce tension at the suture line. The aim of the study was to evaluate the outcome when different release manoeuvres have been utilized during resection and reconstruction of the trachea. METHODS: From January 2005 to December 2015, 52 patients with long segments of trachea ≥40 mm requiring resection and reconstruction were treated at our institute...
January 16, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348284/laryngeal-tuberculosis-a-rare-cause-of-critical-airway-obstruction
#12
Abigail Elizabeth Cole, Daniel Heaton, Ahmed Chekairi
Laryngeal tuberculosis (TB) is a rare condition, occurring in less than 1% of patients infected with pulmonary TB. We present a case of a 57-year-old male patient, who presented in extremis with audible stridor, increased work of breathing and cyanosis. In addition, the patient had a complex medical history, including a recent diagnosis of congenital malformation of the epiglottis. Emergency intervention was required to secure the airway, and after initial attempts at intubation were unsuccessful, an emergency tracheostomy was performed...
January 17, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337591/reply-to-an-argument-for-the-protocolized-screening-and-management-of-post-extubation-stridor
#13
Jonathon D Truwit, Timothy D Girard, Waleed Alhazzani, John P Kress, Daniel R Ouellette, Gregory A Schmidt, Peter E Morris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337588/an-argument-for-the-protocolized-screening-and-management-of-post-extubation-stridor
#14
Susan E Smith, Andrea S Newsome, W Anthony Hawkins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320927/benefits-of-using-high-volume-low-pressure-tracheal-tube-in-children-undergoing-congenital-cardiac-surgery-evidence-from-a-prospective-randomized-study
#15
Rakesh Chand, Saibal Roy Chowdhury, Emmanuel Rupert, Chandan Kumar Mandal, Pradeep Narayan
BACKGROUND: In the past 2 decades, usage of high-volume-low-pressure microcuffed tracheal tubes in smaller children has increased. However, there is paucity of evidence of its usage in smaller children undergoing congenital cardiac surgery. The aim of this study was to assess if microcuff endotracheal tubes in neonates and younger children undergoing congenital cardiac surgery is associated with better outcomes than uncuffed tubes. METHODS: We carried out this single-center, prospective, randomized study between June and November 2016...
January 1, 2018: Seminars in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315968/cuffed-endotracheal-tubes-in-infants-less-than-3-kg-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#16
Rebecca E Thomas, Shripada C Rao, Corrado Minutillo, Bruce Hullett, Max K Bulsara
BACKGROUND: Cuffed endotracheal tubes are being increasingly used in infants; however, current evidence in the literature mostly includes infants ≥ 3-kg weight. AIMS: The aim of this observational study was to compare the short-term outcomes with the use of Microcuff® cuffed vs uncuffed endotracheal tubes in neonates < 3 kg. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study in a single-centre, tertiary children's hospital neonatal intensive care unit...
January 9, 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291277/ectopic-thymic-cyst-of-the-subglottis-considerations-for-diagnosis-and-management
#17
Iram Ahmad, Patricia Kirby, Bryan Liming
OBJECTIVES: To share the diagnostic and management challenges created by an extremely rare airway lesion-the subglottic ectopic thymic cyst. STUDY DESIGN: Case report and literature review. METHODS: We review the presentation, management, and clinical course of an infant who presented with a subglottic mass that was histologically confirmed as a thymic cyst. A brief literature review supplements the case presentation Results: We present the third described case of an ectopic thymic cyst presenting as a subglottic mass...
December 1, 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289914/incidence-outcomes-and-outcome-prediction-of-unplanned-extubation-in-critically-ill-children-an-11year-experience
#18
R Al-Abdwani, C B Williams, C Dunn, J Macartney, K Wollny, H Frndova, N Chin, D Stephens, C S Parshuram
PURPOSE: Unplanned extubation represents loss of control in the ICU, is associated with harm and is used as a measure of quality of care. We evaluated the rates and consequences of unplanned extubation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eligible patients were intubated, <18years, and in ICU. Patient, care-related and environmental characteristics were compared in patients who did and did not receive positive pressure ventilation in the 24h after events. Rates are expressed per 100 intubation-days...
December 24, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287885/low-rate-of-positive-bronchoscopy-for-suspected-foreign-body-aspiration-in-infants
#19
Cameron C Sheehan, Joseph Lopez, Charles A Elmaraghy
OBJECTIVES: To describe our institution's low rate of positive bronchoscopy in infants suspected of inhaling a foreign body. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of patients at a tertiary children's hospital with suspected inhalation of a foreign body. Charts were reviewed for demographic information, radiologic findings, operative reports, and respiratory viral panels were reviewed. RESULTS: Sixteen pediatric patients under 12 months of age were identified from 2008 to 2016 with a diagnosis of possible airway foreign body inhalation who underwent emergent bronchoscopy...
January 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242922/outcomes-following-cordotomy-by-coblation-for-bilateral-vocal-fold-immobility
#20
Michael S Benninger, Roy Xiao, Kyra Osborne, Paul C Bryson
Importance: Bilateral vocal fold immobility (BVFI) can result in considerable voice and airway impairment. Although the carbon dioxide (CO2) laser is commonly used in transverse cordotomy, the coblator, a minimally invasive, low-thermal technology, has been increasingly used in otolaryngology. Objective: To investigate outcomes associated with coblation to treat BVFI. Design, Setting, and Participants: A retrospective case series was conducted between January 2012 and June 2017 including 19 patients with BVFI who underwent cordotomy by coblation in a single tertiary care institution...
December 14, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
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