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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218130/neonatal-stridor-in-familial-congenital-laryngeal-paralysis-plott-syndrome-%C3%A2-a-case-study-in-an-omani-family
#1
Emad Sadek Shatla, Gowda Parameshwara Prashanth, Rodney Aguiar, Ganji Shivalingam, Adeel Ahmed Al Haq
Stridor presenting soon after birth due to bilateral abductor vocal cord paralysis (VCP) is rare. We report a family with bilateral VCP affecting four male members in two generations and hence suggesting X-linked recessive inheritance. Severe stridor in the neonatal period requires meticulous airway evaluation, and tracheostomy in 35-70% cases. The current trend is towards conservative management and tracheostomy is avoided unless respiratory distress is severe or life-threatening. Neonatal VCP can be an isolated finding, or it can be familial with or without syndromic features...
November 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217814/an-uncommon-cause-of-stridor-in-a-young-infant
#2
A Anitha, C G Delhi Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217805/paint-in-the-pipe-an-unusual-foreign-body
#3
Neha Garg, Natasha Gupta, Dheeraj Shah, Piyush Gupta
BACKGROUND: Foreign bodies in the airway can be a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. CASE CHARACTERISTICS: 30-month-old girl with complaints of noisy and fast breathing following fall over a pile of sand. Sand was suctioned out by direct bronchoscopy. The child improved initially but condition worsened in next four days with marked stridor and wheeze. OBSERVATION: Imaging revealed elongated sharp radiodense opacity in the cervical region, suggestive of foreign body...
November 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204289/successful-treatment-of-tracheal-lymphoma-in-a-siamese-cat
#4
Laura Bataller, Alice Tamborini, Henry L'Eplattenier, Slavka Necova, Elise Robertson
Case summary: An 8-year-old female spayed Siamese indoor cat presented with a 3 week history of inspiratory dyspnoea, stridor and open-mouth breathing after exercise. Laryngoscopy, tracheoscopy, bronchoscopy and retroflexed nasopharyngoscopy were performed, and identified a multilobulated intraluminal mass within the trachea. Brush cytology was performed on the mass but was inconclusive in providing a definitive diagnosis. A CT scan of the neck failed to identify an obvious intraluminal mass and was negative to contrast uptake...
July 2017: JFMS Open Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200244/management-of-airway-obstruction-and-stridor-in-pediatric-patients-digest
#5
Ashley Marchese, Melissa L Langhan, Kathryn H Pade
Stridor is a result of turbulent air-flow through the trachea from upper airway obstruction, and although in children it is often due to croup, it can also be caused by noninfectious and/or congenital conditions as well as life-threatening etiologies. The history and physical examination guide initial management, which includes reduction of airway inflammation, treatment of bacterial infection, and, less often, imaging, emergent airway stabilization, or surgical management. This issue discusses the most common as well as the life-threatening etiologies of acute and chronic stridor and its management in the emergency department...
November 22, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Medicine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194625/laryngeal-chondronecrosis-after-radiation-therapy-in-a-dog
#6
J Bertran, M Martinez, M Breit, M A McLoughlin, K L Ham, E Warry, V Wavreille
A 5-year-old pug presented with a soft tissue swelling on the ventral neck and moderate stridor with associated respiratory effort. This patient received hypofractionated radiotherapy for metastatic upper lip mast cell tumour and to the submandibular lymph nodes 6 months before presentation. Oral examination showed moderate elongation of the soft palate, stage III laryngeal collapse with only the right laryngeal saccule mildly everted and exuberant pale epiglottal and left pharyngeal mucosa. Staphylectomy, resection of the epiglottal mucosa and left arytenoid lateralisation were performed...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192573/-a-female-with-expiratory-wheezing-and-inspiratory-stridor
#7
I van der Lee, B J Borgstein
A 42-year-old woman was seen with an inspiratory stridor and expiratory wheezing. The wheezing responded quickly to asthma treatment. The stridor, however, was caused by a significant narrowing of the trachea between the branching of a tracheal bronchus ('bronchus suis' or ' pig bronchus') and the main carina.
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183351/thyroid-gland-hemorrhage-after-blunt-neck-trauma-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
Johannes Lemke, Markus N Schreiber, Doris Henne-Bruns, Gregor Cammerer, Andreas Hillenbrand
BACKGROUND: Thyroid hemorrhage is considered to be an uncommon complication following blunt trauma to the neck. This condition is potentially life-threatening due to airway compression and may therefore require emergency airway management and surgical intervention in some cases. CASE PRESENTATION: We present the case of a 52-year-old woman who experienced a traumatic thyroid gland rupture (right lobe) with subsequent active arterial bleeding from branches of the inferior thyroid artery...
November 28, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181510/neurologic-phenotypes-associated-with-mutations-in-rtn4ip1-opa10-in-children-and-young-adults
#9
Majida Charif, Alessia Nasca, Kyle Thompson, Sylvie Gerber, Christine Makowski, Neda Mazaheri, Céline Bris, David Goudenège, Andrea Legati, Reza Marrofian, Gholamreza Shariati, Eleonora Lamantea, Sila Hopton, Anna Ardissone, Isabella Moroni, Melania Giannotta, Corinna Siegel, Tim M Strom, Holger Prokisch, Catherine Vignal-Clermont, Sabine Derrien, Xavier Zanlonghi, Josseline Kaplan, Christian P Hamel, Stephanie Leruez, Vincent Procaccio, Dominique Bonneau, Pascal Reynier, Frances E White, Steven A Hardy, Inês A Barbosa, Michael A Simpson, Roshni Vara, Yaumara Perdomo Trujillo, Hamind Galehdari, Charu Deshpande, Tobias B Haack, Jean-Michel Rozet, Robert W Taylor, Daniele Ghezzi, Patrizia Amati-Bonneau, Guy Lenaers
Importance: Neurologic disorders with isolated symptoms or complex syndromes are relatively frequent among mitochondrial inherited diseases. Recessive RTN4IP1 gene mutations have been shown to cause isolated and syndromic optic neuropathies. Objective: To define the spectrum of clinical phenotypes associated with mutations in RTN4IP1 encoding a mitochondrial quinone oxidoreductase. Design, Setting, and Participants: This study involved 12 individuals from 11 families with severe central nervous system diseases and optic atrophy...
November 27, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171633/-stridor-and-dyspnea-caused-by-a-conversion-disorder-a-case-report
#10
Gabriel Cea M, Claudio Henríquez A, Carlos Tapia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152294/awake-tracheotomy-in-a-patient-with-stridor-and-dyspnoea-caused-by-a-sizeable-malignant-thyroid-tumor-a-case-report-and-short-review-of-the-literature
#11
Andreas Hohn, Tālis Kauliņš, Jochen Hinkelbein, Krista Kauliņa, Andreas Kopp, Sebastian G Russo, Sigurd Kohlen, Stefan Schröder
Individual airway management is mandatory in patients with large goiters undergoing thyroid surgery. Preoperative endoscopic airway evaluation and imaging studies can support clinical decision making. Awake tracheotomy can be an effective and reasonable airway management strategy in such patients.
November 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149469/cuffed-versus-uncuffed-endotracheal-tubes-for-general-anaesthesia-in-children-aged-eight-years-and-under
#12
REVIEW
Flavia A De Orange, Rebeca Gac Andrade, Andrea Lemos, Paulo Sgn Borges, José N Figueiroa, Pete G Kovatsis
BACKGROUND: Since the introduction of endotracheal intubation in paediatrics, uncuffed endotracheal tubes (ETTs) have been the standard of care for children under eight years old, based on the presumption that complications, particularly postoperative stridor, are higher with cuffed ETTs. The major disadvantages of uncuffed ETTs cited for this shift in procedure include the difficulty in achieving tidal volumes due to leakage around an uncuffed ETT. To seal the airway adequately, uncuffed tubes may need to be exchanged for another tube with a larger diameter, which sometimes requires several attempts before the appropriate size is found...
November 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137052/arytenoid-cartilage-dislocation-mimicking-bilateral-vocal-cord-paralysis-a-case-report
#13
Eun H Chun, Hee J Baik, Rack K Chung, Hun J Lee, Kwangseob Shin, Jae H Woo
RATIONALE: Arytenoid dislocation is very rare and may be misdiagnosed as vocal cord paralysis or a self-limiting sore throat. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 70-year-old male (70 kg, 156 cm) was scheduled for transurethral resection of bladder tumors. A McGrath videolaryngoscope, with a basic cuffed Mallinckrodt oral tracheal tube of 7.5 mm internal diameter, was used to successfully intubate his trachea. The duration of surgery was 25 minutes. In the recovery room, he complained of sore throat and dyspnea with inspiratory stridor, which were not resolved after intravenous injection of 10 mg of dexamethasone...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132465/-application-of-flexible-bronchoscopy-in-children-with-respiratory-diseases
#14
Li-Ping Wang, Shou-Ping Chen, Yu-Ying Huang, Fang-Fang Qin, Wen Ou, Hong-Dong Liu, Xiao-Fang Deng, Lei Lou, Jing Tao, Yu-Xia Cui
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the significance of flexible bronchoscopy in children with respiratory diseases. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 80 children who were hospitalized due to respiratory diseases (including severe pneumonia, Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia with atelectasis/lung consolidation/local emphysema, protracted pneumonia, coughing and wheezing of unknown cause, chronic cough of unknown cause, and laryngeal stridor) and who underwent flexible bronchoscopy/alveolar lavage...
November 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100262/comparison-of-the-effect-of-cold-drink-and-dexamethasone-and-their-combined-effect-on-children-with-croup
#15
Mojgan Faraji-Goodarzi, Nadereh Taee, Mehrnoosh Mohammadi-Kamalvand
Aims Croup is a clinical syndrome which included inspiratory stridor, coughing with a dog-like sound, noise obstruction and respiratory distress symptoms. This present study was conducted to compare the effects of cold drink and dexamethasone, and the effects of their co-administration on children's croup. Materials and Methods In this study, all patients with croup admitted to the emergency ward of Madani Hospital Khorramabad were divided through the simple randomized method into 3 groups after informed consents were taken from their parents...
November 3, 2017: Drug Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093124/case-4-stridor-in-a-4-year-old-girl
#16
Arshad Khushdil, Raza Rahim Hayder, Ali Zia Asghar, Syed Naeem Raza Hamdani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Pediatrics in Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084070/utility-of-soft-tissue-lateral-neck-radiographs-in-the-emergency-department-the-5-year-experience-of-a-large-tertiary-care-pediatric-hospital
#17
Tais Sao Pedro, Dennis Scolnik, Jeffrey Traubici, Derek Stephens
INTRODUCTION: Although retropharyngeal infection (RPI) may present with voice change, drooling, fever, and a toxic appearance, diagnosis based on symptoms alone is unreliable. As incidence is increasing in children and drug-resistant bacterial strains such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus are becoming more common, we decided to assess the clinical utility of lateral neck radiography. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to review the experience of a large tertiary care pediatric emergency department (ED) in using lateral soft tissue neck radiographs in the diagnosis of suspected RPI...
October 27, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083019/pulmonary-function-tests-leading-to-the-diagnosis-of-vascular-malformations-in-school-aged-children
#18
Beata Kusak, Ewa Cichocka-Jarosz, Urszula Jedynak-Wąsowicz, Grzegorz Lis
Vascular rings are congenital defects of great vessels. They cause compression of the trachea or/and the esophagus and therefore result in symptoms like inspiratory stridor, cough, wheezing, recurrent respiratory tract infections or dysphagia. In some cases, the correct diagnosis can be delayed for many years, especially when vascular rings produce less severe symptoms or symptoms mimicking other diseases (most of all asthma). In this article, we would like to emphasis the usefulness of pulmonary function test (spirometry) in the initial diagnosis of vascular rings in school-aged children, as well as the importance of spirometry in evaluating patients with asthma presumption...
October 30, 2017: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081662/novel-strategy-of-stents-in-thyroid-mass-a-case-series-report-of-managing-severely-dyspneic-patients
#19
Adheesh Bhandari, Ying-Hao Wang, Shi-Xu Lv, Er-Jie Xia, Ou-Chen Wang
BACKGROUND: Tracheal and bronchial stenosis is a life-threatening condition causing difficulty in breathing and even severe respiratory distress. The silicone tracheobronchial stents were placed using the rigid bronchoscopy into the trachea of severe dyspneic patients and they exhibited symptomatic improvement as well as a rise in the saturation of oxygen. The bronchial stents were applicable to many extensive malignant airway stenosis patients, such as those with esophageal cancer, lung cancer, and laryngeal cancer...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079122/unilateral-vocal-fold-paralysis-in-parkinson-disease-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#20
Abdul-Latif Hamdan, Elie Khalifee, Georges Tabet
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to report the first case of unilateral vocal fold paralysis in a patient with Parkinson disease (PD) and to review the literature. METHODS: This is a case report and literature review following PubMed search using the keywords "Parkinson," "vocal fold paralysis," "vocal fold palsy," "vocal fold immobility," "vocal fold adductor palsy," "airway obstruction," and "stridor." RESULTS: A total of 18 subjects diagnosed with PD and vocal fold paralysis were described...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
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