keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Stridor

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427542/recurrent-respiratory-papillomatosis-a-state-of-the-art-review
#1
REVIEW
Helena Ribeiro Fortes, Felipe Mussi von Ranke, Dante Luiz Escuissato, Cesar Augusto Araujo Neto, Gláucia Zanetti, Bruno Hochhegger, Carolina Althoff Souza, Edson Marchiori
Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP) is a benign disease of the upper aero-digestive tract caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, which affects children and young adults. The aim of this review is to describe the main etiological, epidemiological, clinical, diagnostic, and treatment aspects of RRP. Most infections in children occur at birth, during passage through the birth canals of contaminated mothers. In adults, HPV is transmitted sexually. Papillomas usually appear as exophytic nodules, primarily in the larynx, but occasionally involving the nasopharynx, tracheobronchial tree, and pulmonary parenchyma...
May 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410251/association-of-need-for-tracheotomy-with-decreasing-mechanical-in-exsufflation-flows-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#2
John R Bach, Neelam Upadhyaya
Although patients with lower motor neuron and myopathic disorders can prolong their lives by depending on continuous noninvasive ventilatory support, most patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) cannot and must use tracheostomy mechanical ventilation to prolong survival. This case demonstrates that this occurs because amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patients' upper motor neuron reflex laryngeal closure and stridor cause upper airway collapse that renders mechanical insufflation-exsufflation (MIE) ineffective in expulsing airway secretions as well as for permitting continuous noninvasive ventilatory support...
April 13, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407759/a-new-clinical-algorithm-scoring-for-management-of-suspected-foreign-body-aspiration-in-children
#3
Ibrahim A Janahi, Shabina Khan, Prem Chandra, Noora Al-Marri, Ammar Saadoon, Lolwa Al-Naimi, Maryam Al-Thani, William Greer
BACKGROUND: Foreign Body Aspiration (FBA) is a serious problem in children and delays in diagnosis and management can be devastating. The history is often vague, with subtle physical and chest radiograph abnormalities. This study aims to determine the indications for bronchoscopy in children with suspected FBA and evaluate the key clinical and statistically significant predictors of FBA, based on the patients' historical, physical and radiological findings at presentation. METHODS: This is a retrospective observational study, including patients who were admitted between January 2001 to January 2011 with suspected FBA...
April 13, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387106/-when-an-encircling-aortic-arch-anomaly-hides-behind-respiratory-and-digestive-symptoms-in-children
#4
M Solowianiuk, C Soulatges, N Farhat, J Holzki, M-C Seghaye
Aortic arch anomalies are relatively frequent and account for 15 to 20 % of all congenital cardiovascular malformations. They can be discovered in case of symptoms of airway or esophageal compression such as dysphagia, chronic cough, stridor, wheezing and recurrent respiratory infections. We report the cases of two children with encircling aortic arch anomaly. The 3-year-old boy had complained of chronic respiratory symptoms such as laryngitis and asthma since the age of 4 months. The 20-month-old boy presented with inter-mittent stridor, dysphagia and frequent vomiting...
November 2016: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381508/clinical-manifestations-of-the-anti-iglon5-disease
#5
Carles Gaig, Francesc Graus, Yarko Compta, Birgit Högl, Luis Bataller, Norbert Brüggemann, Caroline Giordana, Anna Heidbreder, Katya Kotschet, Jan Lewerenz, Stefan Macher, Maria J Martí, Teresa Montojo, Jesus Pérez-Pérez, Inmaculada Puertas, Caspar Seitz, Mateus Simabukuro, Nieves Téllez, Klaus-Peter Wandinger, Alex Iranzo, Guadalupe Ercilla, Lidia Sabater, Joan Santamaría, Josep Dalmau
OBJECTIVE: To report the presentation, main syndromes, human leukocyte antigen (HLA) association, and immunoglobulin G (IgG) subclass in the anti-IgLON5 disease: a disorder with parasomnias, sleep apnea, and IgLON5 antibodies. METHODS: This was a retrospective clinical analysis of 22 patients. The IgG subclass was determined using reported techniques. RESULTS: Patients' median age was 64 years (range 46-83). Symptoms that led to initial consultation included sleep problems (8 patients; 36%), gait abnormalities (8; 36%), bulbar dysfunction (3; 14%), chorea (2; 9%), and cognitive decline (1; 5%)...
April 5, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373921/successful-extubation-using-heliox-bipap-in-two-patients-with-postextubation-stridor
#6
Pragya Punj, Premkumar Nattanmai, Pravin George, Christopher R Newey
Postextubation stridor is associated with significant morbidity. It commonly results in extubation failure after established medical treatment fails, such as nebulized epinephrine and/or intravenous steroids. The role of heliox (i.e., combination of helium and oxygen) in managing patients with postextubation stridor has not been fully established. We report two cases of postextubation stridor successfully treated with heliox delivered with bilevel positive airway pressure (BiPAP) after failure of standard medical therapy...
2017: Case Reports in Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343416/cuff-leak-test-for-the-diagnosis-of-post-extubation-stridor
#7
David Schnell, Benjamin Planquette, Asaël Berger, Sybille Merceron, Julien Mayaux, Lucas Strasbach, Stéphane Legriel, Sandrine Valade, Michael Darmon, Ferhat Meziani
BACKGROUND: Cuff leak test was developed to predict the occurrence of post-extubation stridor (PES). This study evaluated the diagnostic performance of this test in unselected critically ill patients. METHODS: Multicenter prospective study including unselected ventilated patients at the time of their first planned extubation. The diagnostic performance of 4 different cuff leak tests was assessed. RESULTS: Post-extubation stridor occurred in 34 (9...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334968/postoperative-stridor-following-repair-of-tracheoesophageal-fistula-a-case-report
#8
Showkat Hussain Tali, Nandkishore Shrikishanji Kabra, Javed Ahmed, Jui Mandke, Haribalakrishna Balasubramanian, Manohar Shaan, Swarup Kumar Dash, Shagufta Yousuf
We report a case of prolonged post-operative stridor in a full-term neonate who was operated for tracheoesophageal fistula. Initial evaluation including an endoscopy and contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan was normal. Repeat endoscopic evaluation under anesthesia revealed tight aryepiglottic folds. Aryepiglottic split was performed and stridor improved dramatically. Tight aryepiglottic folds should be kept in differential diagnosis in a case of postoperative stridor in an infant.
March 8, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331271/adenoid-cystic-carcinoma-of-trachea
#9
Ashish Varghese, Swati Suneha, John C Watkinson
Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is the second most common primary malignant tumor of the trachea, after squamous cell carcinoma. Patients present with upper airway obstructive symptoms and signs including dyspnoea, cough, haemoptysis, and stridor which are often insidious, delaying diagnosis and optimal management. Described here is an unusual case of primary ACC cervical trachea with concomitant micropapillary thyroid carcinoma (microPTC) in a middle-aged lady presenting with cough and breathing difficulty since 3 months...
February 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318199/-foreign-body-in-the-esophagus-as-a-cause-of-respiratory-symptoms-in-children-clinical-cases
#10
Giselle Cuestas, Verónica Rodríguez, Flavia Doormann, Patricio Bellia Munzón, Gastón Bellia Munzón
Foreign bodies in esophagus are avoidable accidents that occur most often in children younger than 3 years. The most common presenting symptoms are dysphagia, drooling and vomiting. Occasionally a foreign body in the esophagus may present with respiratory symptoms such as cough, stridor and respiratory distress. This is more common in young children and when the object remains lodged in the esophagus for a prolonged period. Clinical suspicion is essential for early diagnosis, which allows to avoid potential complications...
April 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272175/nebulized-fluticasone-for-preventing-postextubation-stridor-in-intubated-children-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#11
Pharsai Prasertsan, Duangjai Nakju, Rojjanee Lertbunrian, Marut Chantra, Nattachai Anantasit
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of nebulized fluticasone propionate in the prevention of postextubation stridor in children. DESIGN: Double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial. SETTING: PICU in a tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Children 1 month to 15 years old who underwent mechanical ventilation. INTERVENTIONS: Patients were randomly assigned into two groups after stratification based on age group receiving nebulized fluticasone 1,000 µg or normal saline solution, immediately after extubation...
March 7, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267266/propranolol-treatment-for-infantile-hemangioma-does-not-increase-risk-of-childhood-wheezing
#12
Meir Mei-Zahav, Hannah Blau, Moshe Hoshen, Alex Zvulunov, Huda Mussaffi, Dario Prais, Patrick Stafler, Guy Steuer, Moshe Lapidoth, Dan Ben Amitai
OBJECTIVE: Propranolol is the treatment of choice for infantile hemangiomas requiring medical intervention. Although contraindicated in asthma, its bronchoconstrictive effect in infants and children has not been extensively studied. We aimed to assess the incidence of wheezing episodes in infants and children treated with propranolol for infantile hemangiomas. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective case-control study. SETTING: a tertiary pediatric hospital...
March 7, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263419/transoral-ultrasonic-surgery-of-pharyngolaryngeal-giant-hemangioma-after-ethylene-vinyl-alcohol-copolymer-onyx-embolization
#13
Meritxell Valls-Mateus, Luis San Román, Juan Macho, Alfons Nadal, Manuel Bernal-Sprekelsen, Isabel Vilaseca
BACKGROUND: Cervico-mediastinal hemangiomas in adulthood are rare and slow-growing vascular tumors. The optimal treatment for giant hemangiomas is controversial. In asymptomatic cases, clinical observation is generally recommended. METHODS: We report the transoral resection of a pharyngolaryngeal hemangioma (diameters of 44 × 56 × 39 mm) with tracheal involvement and mediastinal extension. Clinically, the patient had throat foreign body sensation, severe dyspnea and stridor...
March 6, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261483/granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-involving-the-epiglottis
#14
Yuya Aono, Shiro Imokawa, Tomohiro Uto, Jun Sato, Fumihiko Tanioka, Takafumi Suda
Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) frequently involves the upper respiratory tracts, but involvement of the epiglottis is extremely rare. This report describes a patient initially presenting with dysphagia and increasing stridor due to epiglottitis. Bronchoscopy showed swelling of the epiglottis with partly whitish nodular lesions, with biopsy specimens showing neutrophil infiltration and necrosis. Chest computed tomography showed multiple nodular consolidations in the bilateral lung parenchyma, and histological findings were consistent with vasculitis...
May 2017: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251006/eosinophilic-angiocentric-fibrosis-as-a-stenosing-lesion-in-the-subglottis
#15
Ivan Keogh, Rohana O'Connell, Sean Hynes, John Lang
Subglottic Eosinophilic Angiocentric Fibrosis (EAF) is an extremely rare disease of an elusive aetiology. It is chronically progressive benign condition that causes narrowing of the subglottic region leading to dysphonia and airway compromise. The diagnosis is historical and imaging is nonspecific. We report a case xc of 56-year-old lady referred to our institution with globus sensation, hoarseness, and mild stridor. Incidental subglottic mass was found at time of diagnostic microlaryngoscopy and biopsy confirmed subglottic EAF...
2017: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250027/predictors-of-survival-in-progressive-supranuclear-palsy-and-multiple-system-atrophy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Stella Andrea Glasmacher, Peter Nigel Leigh, Romi Anirban Saha
OBJECTIVE: To undertake a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies that investigated prognostic factors and survival in patients with progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) and multiple system atrophy (MSA). METHODS: Publications of at least 10 patients with a likely or confirmed diagnosis of PSP or MSA were eligible for inclusion. Methodological quality was rated using a modified version of the Quality in Prognostic Studies tool. For frequently examined prognostic factors, HRs derived by univariate and multivariate analysis were pooled in separate subgroups; other results were synthesised narratively and HRs could not be reported here...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237950/emergency-cricothyroidotomy-following-tracheobronchial-stenting
#17
Simon Robert Cavinato, Mike Denning, Brendan P Madden
A man aged 51 years was referred for tracheobronchial stenting after a poorly differentiated oesophageal carcinoma had progressed to cause stridor. Bronchoscopy revealed a left vocal cord palsy and tumour infiltration into the trachea. A tracheobronchial stent was placed, and after distal migration was endoscopically resited. Returning from theatre, the patient developed severe upper airway obstruction that progressed to cause CO2 narcosis and loss of consciousness. A rapid sequence induction was initiated, and a Glidescope revealed bilateral vocal cord palsy with severe oedema causing an inability to pass a tube or stylet...
February 24, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224661/recurrent-obstructive-fibrinous-tracheal-pseudomembranes-in-a-young-english-bulldog
#18
E Robin, L V Guieu, K Le Boedec
Endotracheal intubation is a common procedure, rarely associated with life-threatening complications (e.g., tracheal rupture, necrosis, foreign body). A 1.5-year-old English Bulldog was presented for respiratory distress, with increased respiratory efforts and stridor, 2 days after endotracheal intubation. Cervical and thoracic radiographs disclosed a severe narrowing of the tracheal lumen associated with an intraluminal soft-tissue structure at the thoracic inlet. Tracheoscopy confirmed the presence of an obstructive fibrinous tracheal pseudomembrane (OFTP) creating a 1-way valve obstruction...
March 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224634/pepsin-as-a-biomarker-for-laryngopharyngeal-reflux-in-children-with-laryngomalacia
#19
Kendra Luebke, Tina L Samuels, Thomas H Chelius, Cecille G Sulman, Michael E McCormick, Joseph E Kerschner, Nikki Johnston, Robert H Chun
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Laryngomalacia is a common cause of newborn stridor. Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) has been associated with laryngomalacia. Although pepsin, a component of LPR, has been associated with inflammatory diseases of the aerodigestive tract, its presence in the airways of laryngomalacia patients is unknown. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective case-control study comparing patients under age 3 years with laryngomalacia to children without laryngomalacia. METHODS: Children less than 3 years old undergoing supraglottoplasty for laryngomalacia or surgery unrelated to the airway, without a history of laryngomalacia, reflux, or respiratory disease, were offered enrollment...
February 22, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217159/managing-tracheal-extubation-in-infants-with-stridor-and-congenital-neuraxial-anomalies
#20
Deepti Saigal, Pragati Ganjoo, Megha U Sharma, Daljit Singh
Stridor is a serious complication of congenital neuraxial anomalies, which though, can get completely resolved with early neurosurgical correction of the anomaly. However, stridor relief may or may not be achieved soon after surgery. Persistent postoperative stridor can potentially cause extubation failure that may be difficult to handle in small children. There are no extubation guidelines for difficult pediatric airways as yet, and fewer appropriate airway-assist devices for routine use. Management of an infant with occipital encephalocele, hydrocephalus and bilateral abductor vocal cord palsy, who developed post-extubation respiratory distress due to stridor is discussed, together with the relevant tracheal extubation issues in such cases...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
keyword
keyword
40127
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"